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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4531-4536, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614764

RESUMO

A Gram-staining-negative bacterium, designated 345S023T, was isolated from a sea water sample from the Indian Ocean. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that 345S023T represents a member of the genus Alteromonas, with closely related type strains Alteromonas fortis 1T (98.7 %), Alteromonas hispanica F-32T (98.6 %) and Alteromonas genovensis LMG 24078T (98.6 %). Up-to-date bacterial core gene set analysis revealed that 345S023T formed a phyletic lineage with Alteromonas australica H 17T. The case for 345S023T representing a novel species was supported by genomic results. Pairwise in silico DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values were much lower than the proposed and generally accepted species boundaries. Strain 345S023T contains ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) as the sole isoprenoid quinone, summed featured 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω7c as the dominant cellular fatty acids (>10 %), and phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine as the major polar lipids. The genome of strain 345S023T consisted of a 4.4 Mb chromosome with a DNA G+C content of 44.4 %. On the basis of these genomic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, we propose a novel species: Alteromonas profundi sp. nov. The type strain is 345S023T(=JCM 33893T=MCCC 1K04570T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1516-1521, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935177

RESUMO

An alginate lyase-excreting bacterium, designated strain HB161718T, was isolated from coastal sand collected from Tanmen Port in Hainan, PR China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative rods and motile with a single polar flagellum. Its major isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone 8 (Q-8), and its cellular fatty acid profile mainly consisted of C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c, C18 : 1 ω6c and/or C18 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0, C17 : 0 10-methyl and C16 : 0 N alcohol. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 44.1 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis suggested that strain HB161718T belonged to the genus Alteromonas, sharing 99.5, 99.4, 99.2, 98.9 and 98.5 % sequence similarities to its closest relatives, Alteromonas macleodii JCM 20772T, Alteromonas gracilis 9a2T, Alteromonas australica H17T, Alteromonas marina SW-47T and Alteromonas mediterranea DET, respectively. The low values of DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity showed that it formed a distinct genomic species. The combined phenotypic and molecular features supported the conclusion that strain HB161718T represents a novel species of the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas portus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HB161718T (=CGMCC 1.13585T=JCM 32687T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Polissacarídeo-Liase , Areia/microbiologia , Alteromonas/enzimologia , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(8): 2514-2521, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199221

RESUMO

Strain 1T, isolated in the 1970s from the thallus of the carrageenophytic red algae, Eucheuma spinosum, collected in Hawaii, USA, was characterized using a polyphasic method. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-flagellated, ovoid or rod-shaped and grew optimally at 20-25 °C, at pH 6-9 and with 2-4 % NaCl. Strain 1T used the seaweed polysaccharides ι-carrageenan, laminarin and alginic acid as sole carbon sources. The major fatty acids were C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω7c and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2OH) with significant amounts (>6 %) of C16 : 0 N alcohol and 10 methyl C17 : 0. The respiratory quinone was Q-8 and major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and an unknown aminolipid. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the bacterium is affiliated to the genus Alteromonas (family Alteromonadaceae, class Gammaproteobacteria). Strain 1T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 98.8 and 99.2 % to the type strains of Alteromonas mediterranea and Alteromonas australica respectively, and of 95.2-98.6 % to other species of the genus Alteromonas. The DNA G+C content of strain 1T was determined to be 43.9 mol%. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization predictions by the ANI and GGDC methods between strain 1T and other members of the genus Alteromonas showed values below 83 % and 30 %, respectively. The phenotypic, phylogenetic and genomic analyses show that strain 1T is distinct from species of the genus Alteromonas with validly published names and that it represents a novel species of the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonasfortis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 1T (=ATCC 43554T=RCC 5933T=CIP 111645T=DSM 106819T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Carragenina/metabolismo , Filogenia , Rodófitas/microbiologia , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hawaii , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosfatidilgliceróis/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Alga Marinha/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(6): 1579-1584, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900969

RESUMO

A novel strain, U0105T, was isolated from marine sediment of the coast of Weihai, China. The bacterium was aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, oxidase-positive, catalase-positive, rod-shaped and motile. Growth was observed at salinities of 1.0-6.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum with 2.0-3.0 %), temperatures of 20-40 °C (optimum at 37 °C) and pH of 6.5-9.5 (optimum at pH 7.0-7.5). The isolate could not reduce nitrate to nitrite. It could hydrolyse starch and Tweens 20, 40 and 60, but not casein or cellulose. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain U0105T belonged to the genus Alteromonas, with highest sequence similarity to Alteromonas aestuariivivens KCTC 52655T (97.1 %). The average nucleotide identity value and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain U0105T and A. aestuariivivens KCTC 52655T were 69.2 % and 21.2 %, respectively. Strain U0105T was found to contain Q-8 as the sole menaquinone and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω7c as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 45.3 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain U0105T represents a novel species of the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas sediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is U0105T (=KCTC 62080T=MCCC 1H00299T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Pepinos-do-Mar , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Aquicultura , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Tanques , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(5): 1423-1425, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843786

RESUMO

Alteromonas indica IO390401T was compared with Salinimonas sediminis N102T to examine the taxonomic relationship between the two type strains. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of A. indica IO390401T shared high similarity (99.9 %) with that of S. sediminis N102T. The results of phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the two strains formed a tight cluster within the genus Salinimonas. Whole genomic comparison between the two strains revealed an average nucleotide identity of 99.2 % and a digital DNA-DNA hybridization estimate of 92.6 %, strongly indicating that the two strains represented a single species. In addition, neither strain displayed any striking difference in metabolic, physiological or chemotaxonomic features. Therefore, we propose Alteromonas indica as a later heterotypic synonym of Salinimonas sediminis.


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Alteromonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 42(2): 217-222, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30528643

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, P0211T and P0213T, were isolated from a sea cucumber culture pond in China. The strains were able to resist high copper levels. These two strains were characterized at the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and genomic level. They were completely different colors, but the 16S rRNA genes showed 99.30% similarity. Phylogenetic analysis based on the sequences of the 16S rRNA gene and five housekeeping genes (dnaK, sucC, rpoB, gyrB, and rpoD) supported the inclusion of these strains within the genus Alteromonas, and the two isolated strains formed a group separated from the closest species Alteromonas aestuariivivens KCTC 52655T. Genomic analyses, including average nucleotide identity (ANIb and ANIm), DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH), and the percentage of conserved proteins (POCP), clearly separated strains P0211T and P0213T from the other species within the genus Alteromonas with values below the thresholds for species delineation. The chemotaxonomic features (including fatty acid and polar lipid analysis) of strains P0211T and P0213T also confirmed their differentiation from the related taxa. The results demonstrated that strains P0211T and P0213T represented two novel species in the genus Alteromonas, for which we propose the names Alteromonas flava sp. nov., type strain P0211T (=KCTC 62078T=MCCC 1H00242T), and Alteromonas facilis sp. nov., type strain P0213T (=KCTC 62079T=MCCC 1H00243T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Cobre , Filogenia , Pepinos-do-Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Aquicultura , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(1): 278-284, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30499768

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, motile by one polar flagellum, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium, designated as 190T, was isolated from seawater of the West Pacific Ocean and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic investigation. Colonies were 1.0-2.0 mm in diameter, smooth, circular, convex and white after growth on marine agar at 30 °C for 24 h. Strain 190T was found to grow at 4-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.5-10.5 (optimum, pH 6.5) and with 0.5-12.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.0 %). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed the sole respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 8 (Q-8), and the major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω6c and/or C18 : 1ω7c). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), one unidentified aminolipid (AL1) and two unidentified glycolipids (GL1, GL2). The DNA G+C content of strain 190T was 48.7 mol% based on the genome sequence. The comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities showed that strain 190T was closely related to Alteromonas oceani S35T (99.6 % sequence similarity), A. lipolytica JW12T (98.2 %), A. aestuariivivens JDTF-113T (97.7 %) and A. mediterranea DET (97.5 %); it exhibited 97.0 % or less sequence similarity with the type strains of other species with validly published names. Phylogenetic trees reconstructed with the neighbour-joining, maximum-parsimony and maximum-likelihood methods based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 190T constituted a separate branch with A. oceani, A. confluentis, A. aestuariivivens and A. lipolytica in a clade of the genus Alteromonas. OrthoANI values between strain 190T and A. oceani S35T and A. lipolytica JW12T were 93.5 and 77.9 %, respectively, and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values were 53.8 and 21.2 %, respectively. Differential phenotypic properties, together with phylogenetic distinctiveness, demonstrated that strain 190T is clearly distinct from recognized species of the genus Alteromonas. On the basis of these features, we propose that strain 190T (=MCCC 1K03456T=KCTC 62227T) represents a novel species of the genus Alteromonas with the name Alteromonas alba sp. nov.


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
8.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0208406, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30521589

RESUMO

Sinking marine oil snow was found to be a major mechanism in the transport of spilled oil from the surface to the deep sea following the Deepwater Horizon (DwH) oil spill. Marine snow formation is primarily facilitated by extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), which are mainly composed of proteins and carbohydrates secreted by microorganisms. While numerous bacteria have been identified to degrade oil, there is a paucity of knowledge on bacteria that produce EPS in response to oil and Corexit exposure in the northern Gulf of Mexico (nGoM). In this study, we isolated bacteria from surface water of the nGoM that grow on oil or Corexit dispersant. Among the 100 strains isolated, nine were identified to produce remarkable amounts of EPS. 16S rRNA gene analysis revealed that six isolates (strains C1, C5, W10, W11, W14, W20) belong to the genus Alteromonas; the others were related to Thalassospira (C8), Aestuariibacter (C12), and Escherichia (W13a). The isolates preferably degraded alkanes (17-77%), over polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (0.90-23%). The EPS production was determined in the presence of a water accommodated fraction (WAF) of oil, a chemical enhanced WAF (CEWAF), Corexit, and control. The highest production of visible aggregates was found in Corexit followed by CEWAF, WAF, and control; indicating that Corexit generally enhanced EPS production. The addition of WAF and Corexit did not affect the carbohydrate content, but significantly increased the protein content of the EPS. On the average, WAF and CEWAF treatments had nine to ten times more proteins, and Corexit had five times higher than the control. Our results reveal that Alteromonas and Thalassospira, among the commonly reported bacteria following the DwH spill, produce protein rich EPS that could have crucial roles in oil degradation and marine snow formation. This study highlights the link between EPS production and bacterial oil-degrading capacity that should not be overlooked during spilled oil clearance.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Matriz Extracelular de Substâncias Poliméricas/microbiologia , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Poluição por Petróleo/análise , Alteromonas/classificação , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Carboidratos/análise , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Matriz Extracelular de Substâncias Poliméricas/metabolismo , Golfo do México , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodospirillaceae/classificação , Rhodospirillaceae/isolamento & purificação
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(12): 3881-3885, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30351269

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain IO390401T, was isolated from a seawater sample from the sulphide region of the Indian Ocean. Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain IO390401T is a member of the genus Alteromonas, sharing 97.0-97.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Alteromonas additaR10SW13T, A. stellipolaris LMG 21861T, A. naphthalenivorans JCM 17741T, A. gracilis 9a2T and A. australica H17T, and 94.8-96.8 % with the type strains of other species of the genus Alteromonas. Strain IO390401T contained ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) as the sole isoprenoid quinone, C16:0 and C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c as the dominant cellular fatty acids, and phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine as the major polar lipids. The genome of strain IO390401T consists of a 4.4 Mb chromosome with a G+C content of 48.2 mol%. Average nucleotide identity values between strain IO390401T and the three closest phylogenetic neighbours, namely A. additaR10SW13T, A. stellipolaris LMG 21861T and A. naphthalenivorans JCM 17741T, were 70.5, 70.4 and 70.6 %, respectively, and the corresponding in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values were 20.6, 20.7 and 21.1 %. Phylogenetic distinctiveness and chemotaxonomic differences, together with phenotypic properties determined in this study, revealed that strain IO390401T could be differentiated from closely related species. It is therefore proposed as representing a novel species in the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas indica sp. nov. is suggested. The type strain is IO390401T (=JCM 32638T=CGMCC 1.13554T=CCTCC AB 2018072T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/genética , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosfatidilgliceróis/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(2): 657-662, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29388542

RESUMO

A novel rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative, aerobic bacterium, designated S35T, was isolated from deep-sea sediment collected from the Pacmanus hydrothermal field, Manus Basin, Papua New Guinea. Strain S35T grew optimally at 28 °C, at pH 7.0-8.0 and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain S35T shared 97.38-98.55% similarity with the type strains of Alteromonas lipolytica, Alteromonas mediterranea and Aestuariibacterhalophilus. Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain S35T belonged to the genus Alteromonas. The strain contained ubiquinone-8 as the predominant respiratory lipoquinone. Summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω7c), summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 0 were the major fatty acids. The DNA G+C content of strain S35T was 51.3 mol%. These results indicated that strain S35T represents a novel species of the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas oceani sp. nov. (type strain S35T=KCTC 52449T=CGMCC 1.16029T) is proposed.


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/genética , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Papua Nova Guiné , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
11.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 111(7): 1131-1138, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29349565

RESUMO

Two Gram-negative, motile, aerobic bacteria isolated from waters of the Abrolhos Bank were classified through a whole genome-based taxonomy. Strains PEL67ET and PEL68C shared 99% 16S rRNA and dnaK sequence identity with Alteromonas marina SW-47T and Alteromonas macleodii ATCC 27126T. In silico DNA-DNA Hybridization, i.e. genome-to-genome distance (GGD), average amino acid identity (AAI) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) showed that PEL67ET and PEL68C had identity values between 33-36, 86-88 and 83-84%, and 85-86 and 83%, respectively, towards their close neighbors A. macleodii ATCC 27126T and A. marina SW-47T. The DNA G + C contents of PEL67ET and PEL68C were 44.5%. The phenotypic features that differentiate PEL67ET and PEL68C strains from their close neighbors were assimilation of galactose and activity of phosphatase, and lack of mannitol, maltose, acetate, xylose and glycerol assimilation and lack of lipase, α and ß-glucosidase activity. The new species Alteromonas abrolhosensis is proposed. The type strain is PEL67ET (= CBAS 610T = CAIM 1925T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/classificação , Alteromonas/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Brasil , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(10): 4032-4038, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28905702

RESUMO

A novel exopolysaccharide-producing strain, designated as 5.12T, was isolated from a sediment sample from the Southwest Indian Ridge, Indian Ocean. The strain was Gram-stain-negative, motile, strictly aerobic, and oxidase- and catalase-positive. It grew optimally at 35 °C, at pH 6.0 and in the presence of 3.5 % (w/v) NaCl. Its major isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c), C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω7c were the major cellular fatty acids. The DNA G+C content was 46.1 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis suggested that strain 5.12T is a member of the genus Alteromonas. Strain 5.12T exhibited close 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Alteromonas lipolytica JW12T (96.1 %), Alteromonas hispanica F-32T (95.9 %), Alteromonas confluentis DSSK2-12T (95.9 %), Alteromonas litorea TF-22T (95.6 %) and Alteromonas mediterranea DET (95.5 %). Strain 5.12T contained phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol as the major polar lipids. Owing to significant differences in the 16S rRNA gene sequences, as well as the phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, the novel isolate described here merits classification as a representative of a novel species of the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas pelagimontana sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of this species is 5.12T (LMG 29661T= MCC 3250T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/genética , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosfatidilgliceróis/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(8): 2791-2797, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28820089

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile and ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, JDTF-113T, was isolated from a tidal flat in Jindo, an island of South Korea. Strain JDTF-113T grew optimally at 30 °C, at pH 7.0-8.0 and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. A neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, revealed that strain JDTF-113T fell within the clade enclosing the type strains of species of the genus Alteromonas. Strain JDTF-113T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 97.1-98.1 % to the type strains of Alteromonaslipolytica, Alteromonaslitorea, Alteromonasmediterranea, Alteromonasconfluentis, Alteromonas hispanica, Alteromonasgenovensis and Alteromonasmarina, and of 94.8-96.9 % to those of the other species of the genus Alteromonas. Strain JDTF-113T contained Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinone and C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and C18 : 1ω7c as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids of strain JDTF-113T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified glycolipid. The DNA G+C content of strain JDTF-113T was 51.1 mol% and its mean DNA-DNA relatedness values with the type strains of seven closely phylogenetically related species of the genus Alteromonaswere was 10-23 %. The differential phenotypic properties and phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness support strain JDTF-113T being separated from species of the genus Alteromonaswith validly publishednames. On the basis of the data presented, strain JDTF-113T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas aestuariivivens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JDTF-113T (=KCTC 52655T=NBRC 112708T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/genética , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
14.
BMC Genomics ; 18(1): 36, 2017 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28056800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To develop evolutionary models for the free living bacterium Alteromonas the genome sequences of isolates of the genus have been extensively analyzed. However, the main genetic exchange drivers in these microbes, conjugative elements (CEs), have not been considered in detail thus far. In this work, CEs have been searched in several complete Alteromonas genomes and their sequence studied to understand their role in the evolution of this genus. Six genomes are reported here for the first time. RESULTS: We have found nine different plasmids of sizes ranging from 85 to 600 Kb, most of them were found in a single strain. Networks of gene similarity could be established among six of the plasmids that were also connected with another cluster of plasmids found in Shewanella strains. The cargo genes found in these plasmids included cassettes found before in chromosome flexible genomic islands of Alteromonas strains. We describe also the plasmids pAMCP48-600 and pAMCP49-600, the largest found in Alteromonas thus far (ca. 600 Kb) and containing all the hallmarks to be classified as chromids. We found in them some housekeeping genes and a cluster that code for an exocellular polysaccharide. They could represent the transport vectors for the previously described replacement flexible genomic islands. Integrative and conjugative elements (ICEs) were more common than plasmids and showed similar patterns of variation with cargo genes coding for components of additive flexible genomic islands. A nearly identical ICE was found in A. mediterranea MED64 and Vibrio cholera AHV1003 isolated from a human pathogen, indicating the potential exchange of these genes across phylogenetic distances exceeding the family threshold. CONCLUSION: We have seen evidence of how CEs can be vectors to transfer gene cassettes acquired in the chromosomal flexible genomic islands, both of the additive and replacement kind. These CEs showed evidence of how genetic material is exchanged among members of the same species but also (albeit less frequently) across genus and family barriers. These gradients of exchange frequency are probably one of the main drivers of species origin and maintenance in prokaryotes and also provide these taxa with large genetic diversity.


Assuntos
Alteromonas/genética , Conjugação Genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Genômica , Plasmídeos/genética , Alteromonas/classificação , Alteromonas/metabolismo , Composição de Bases , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Genômica/métodos , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Filogenia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteoma , Proteômica/métodos
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(2): 237-242, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27902291

RESUMO

Strain JW12T, isolated from surface seawater of the Arabian Sea, was subjected to characterization by a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cells of the isolate were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped. It accumulated poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain JW12T was closely related to Alteromonas confluentis, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.0 %. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that it fell within the cluster of the genus Alteromonas and represented one independent lineage with A. confluentis. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) value and the genome-to-genome distance between strain JW12T and A. confluentis KCTC 42603T were 70.0 and 21.3 %, respectively. The sole respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8 (Q8). The principal fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω7c. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified glycolipids and one aminophospholipid. The DNA G+C content was 48.4 mol%. Differential phylogenetic distinctiveness and chemotaxonomic differences, together with phenotypic properties obtained in this study, revealed that strain JW12T could be differentiated from the closely related species. Therefore, it is proposed that strain JW12T represents a novel species in the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas lipolytica sp. nov. (type strain, JW12T=CGMCC 1.15735T=KCTC 52408T=MCCC 1K03175T), is proposed.


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Hidroxibutiratos/metabolismo , Filogenia , Poliésteres/metabolismo , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/genética , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(9): 3737-3742, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27380907

RESUMO

A new aerobic marine bacterium, strain S3431, was isolated from swab samples of an unidentified polychaete near Canal Concepción, Chile. This strain was thought to represent a new taxon within the genus Pseudoalteromonas. Although DNA-DNA reassociation values showed less than 70 % genomic DNA relatedness to established Pseudoalteromonas type strains, it shared 78 % DNA-DNA relatedness with Alteromonas fuliginea DSM 15748 (=KMM 216) (Romanenko et al., 1994). A. fuliginea has later been considered a heterotypic synonym of Pseudoalteromonas citrea(Ivanova et al., 1998). Relatedness between strains S3431, A. fuliginea DSM 15748 and the type strain P. citrea LMG 12323T was therefore studied. Physiological traits and genomic information were shared at a high level by strains S3431 and DSM 15748, but not between these and P. citrea LMG 12323T. There was only approximately 20 % DNA-DNA relatedness between P. citrea LMG 12323T and strains S3431 and DSM 15748. Based on the available phylogenetic and phenotypic data, the reclassification of A. fuliginea DSM 15748 (Romanenko et al., 1995) → Pseudoalteromonas citrea(Ivanova et al., 1998) as Pseudoalteromonas fuligineacomb. nov. is proposed, and strain S3431 should be assigned to this new species. The name Pseudoalteromonas fuliginea is proposed with KMM 216T (=DSM 15748T=CIP 105339T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Poliquetos/microbiologia , Pseudoalteromonas/classificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Chile , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
17.
PLoS One ; 11(1): e0146307, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26745366

RESUMO

Axenic gametes of the marine green macroalga Ulva mutabilis Føyn (Ria Formosa, locus typicus) exhibit abnormal development into slow-growing callus-like colonies with aberrant cell walls. Under laboratory conditions, it was previously demonstrated that all defects in growth and thallus development can be completely abolished when axenic gametes are inoculated with a combination of two specific bacterial strains originally identified as Roseobacter sp. strain MS2 and Cytophaga sp. strain MS6. These bacteria release diffusible morphogenetic compounds (= morphogens), which act similar to cytokinin and auxin. To investigate the ecological relevance of the waterborne bacterial morphogens, seawater samples were collected in the Ria Formosa lagoon (Algarve, Southern Portugal) at 20 sampling sites and tidal pools to assess their morphogenetic effects on the axenic gametes of U. mutabilis. Specifically the survey revealed that sterile-filtered seawater samples can completely recover growth and morphogenesis of U. mutabilis under axenic conditions. Morphogenetic activities of free-living and epiphytic bacteria isolated from the locally very abundant Ulva species (i.e., U. rigida) were screened using a multiwell-based testing system. The most represented genera isolated from U. rigida were Alteromonas, Pseudoalteromonas and Sulfitobacter followed by Psychrobacter and Polaribacter. Several naturally occurring bacterial species could emulate MS2 activity (= induction of cell divisions) regardless of taxonomic affiliation, whereas the MS6 activity (= induction of cell differentiation and cell wall formation) was species-specific and is probably a feature of difficult-to-culture bacteria. Interestingly, isolated bacteroidetes such as Algoriphagus sp. and Polaribacter sp. could individually trigger complete Ulva morphogenesis and thus provide a novel mode of action for bacterial-induced algal development. This study also highlights that the accumulation of algal growth factors in a shallow water body separated from the open ocean by barrier islands might have strong implications to, for example, the wide usage of natural coastal seawater in algal (land based) aquacultures of Ulva.


Assuntos
Células Germinativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Morfogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia , Ulva/efeitos dos fármacos , Alteromonas/classificação , Alteromonas/metabolismo , Cultura Axênica , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Bacteroidetes/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Divisão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cytophaga/classificação , Cytophaga/metabolismo , Células Germinativas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Células Germinativas/microbiologia , Morfogênese/fisiologia , Filogenia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/biossíntese , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo , Portugal , Psychrobacter/classificação , Psychrobacter/metabolismo , Roseobacter/classificação , Roseobacter/metabolismo , Água do Mar , Ulva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ulva/microbiologia
18.
Mikrobiol Z ; 77(5): 47-54, 2015.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26638484

RESUMO

Alteromonas macleodii strains isolated from the Black sea water were similar in their fatty acids composition with the type strain of this species. Analysis of lipid composition of 10 A. macleodii strains isolated from the deep and surface water layers in different World ocean regions including the Black sea water has shown that the deep and surface isolates of this species formed two groups different in their fatty acids profiles. The Black sea isolates of Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis, P. citrea, P. flavipulchra conformed to these species type strains in their fatty acids composition. On the basis of the fatty acids spectra similarity of three Pseudoalteromonas species strains with Plipolytica described in 2010 has been established. Presence of three isomers C16:1ψ7, C 16:1ψ9 and C16:1ψ6--components of hexadecenic acid in the Black sea isolates of Shewanella baltica has been shown.


Assuntos
Alteromonas/química , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/classificação , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Mar Negro , Especificidade da Espécie , Ucrânia
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 65(10): 3603-3608, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26296901

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-flagellated and coccoid, ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, DSSK2-12T, was isolated from the place where the ocean and a freshwater spring meet at Jeju island, South Korea. Strain DSSK2-12T grew optimally at 30 °C, at pH 7.0­8.0 and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain DSSK2-12T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of species of the genus Alteromonas. Strain DSSK2-12T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 97.2­98.1 % to the type strains of Alteromonas litorea, Alteromonas marina, Alteromonas hispanica and Alteromonas genovensis and of 95.39­96.98 % to those of other species of the genus Alteromonas. Strain DSSK2-12T contained Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinone and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω7c as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids of strain DSSK2-12T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified aminolipid. The DNA G+C content of strain DSSK2-12T was 48.6 mol% and its mean DNA­DNA relatedness values with the type strains of A. litorea, A. marina, A. hispanica and A. genovensis were 9­21 %. The differential phenotypic properties, together with phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain DSSK2-12T is separated from other species of the genus Alteromonas. On the basis of the data presented, strain DSSK2-12T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas confluentis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DSSK2-12T ( = KCTC 42603T = CECT 8870T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Água Doce/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/genética , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 65(Pt 5): 1498-1503, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25701844

RESUMO

A novel exopolysaccharide-producing bacterium, designated strain 9a2(T), was isolated from Pacific Ocean sediment. The strain was Gram-stain-negative, motile, strictly aerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive, and required NaCl for growth. Its major isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-8 (Q-8), and its cellular fatty acid profile consisted mainly of C16 : 1ω7c, C18 : 1ω9c and C16 : 0. The DNA G+C content was 46.6 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis suggested that strain 9a2(T) is a member of the genus Alteromonas . Strain 9a2(T) exhibited closest phylogenetic affinity to Alteromonas macleodii NBRC 102226(T) (99.3% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), A. marina SW-47(T) (99.3%), A. litorea TF-22(T) (99.0%), A. australica H17(T) (98.7%), A. simiduii BCRC 17572(T) (98.5%), A. stellipolaris LMG 21861(T) (98.3%) and A. hispanica F-32(T) (98.2%). The DNA-DNA reassociation values between strain 9a2(T) and A. macleodii JCM 20772(T), A. marina JCM 11804(T), A. litorea JCM 12188(T), A. australica CIP 109921(T), A. simiduii JCM 13896(T), A. stellipolaris LMG 21861(T) and A. hispanica LMG 22958(T) were below 70%. Strain 9a2(T) contained phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified polar lipid. Owing to differences in phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and DNA-DNA relatedness data, the isolate merits classification as representing a novel species, for which the name Alteromonas gracilis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of this species is 9a2(T) ( =JCM 30236(T) =NCIMB 14947(T)).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/genética , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
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