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1.
Food Chem ; 347: 129042, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482488

RESUMO

A new method based on graphene oxide modified (4-phenyl) methanethiol nanomagnetic composite (Fe3O4@4-PhMT-GO) was used for extraction and separation of aluminum from wastewater, food, and vegetable samples in aluminum cookware by microwave dispersive magnetic micro solid-phase extraction (MDM-µ-SPE). In optimized conditions, the working range (WR), the linear range (LR), the limit of detection (LOD), and enrichment factor (EF) were obtained 5-5200 µg L-1, 5-1600 µg L-1, 1.5 µg L-1, and 48.8, respectively (RSD% = 2.5). By MDM-µ-SPE procedure, the aluminum concentrations in baking rice and spinach with aluminum cookware were obtained 97.43 ± 2.57 mg g-1 and 131.64 ± 5.18 mg g-1, respectively which was analyzed by atom trap flame atomic absorption spectrometer (AT-FAAS). The results showed, the aluminum concentrations in cooked foods with Teflon cookware were less than aluminum cookware. The methodology was validated by standard reference materials (SRM) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis (ICP-MS).


Assuntos
Alumínio/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Espectrofotometria Atômica , Verduras/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Adsorção , Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Óxido Ferroso-Férrico/química , Grafite/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Limite de Detecção , Magnetismo , Micro-Ondas , Sonicação , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química
2.
Chemosphere ; 253: 126580, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32464758

RESUMO

La/Mg/Si-activated carbon derived from palm shell has been a suitable material for removal of aluminum and fluoride from aqueous solution. In the study, the mechanism of simultaneous removal of aluminum and fluoride by La/Mg/Si-activated carbon (La/Mg/Si-AC) was investigated to understand its high efficiency. It was found that the removal of aluminum and fluoride by La/Mg/Si-AC was favored at lower pH compared to the point of zero charge of La/Mg/Si-AC and high temperature. Adsorption capacity of Al(OH)4- was about 10 times higher than that of F- due to the strong binding affinity of Al(OH)4- on protonated surface and competition between F- and OH- toward charged adsorption site. Kinetics results showed that the aluminum and fluoride adsorption were explained using the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and intra-particle diffusion model. Adsorption process of Al(OH)4- and F- was driven by the potential rate-limiting step involved in mass transport process occurred on the boundary diffusion layer of porous adsorbent surface. Electrostatic interaction between protonated surface of La/Mg/Si-AC and negatively charged ions (i.e., Al(OH)4- and F-) as well as ion-exchange between hydroxide and ionic metal species were important mechanisms in the process of aluminum and fluoride adsorption. Driving forces for adsorption of individual Al(OH)4- and F- were not entirely different. Identifying the dominant mechanism will be helpful in understanding the adsorption process and developing new adsorbent.


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Carvão Vegetal/química , Fluoretos/isolamento & purificação , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidróxidos , Cinética , Lantânio , Magnésio , Silício , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
3.
Chemosphere ; 223: 330-341, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30784739

RESUMO

The recovery of aluminum from wastewater is one of the main environmental issues that need to be addressed in the aluminum finishing industry. A new technique of converting a soft slurry into hard granules using the homogeneous granulation process in the fluidized-bed reactor (FBR) can respond to this problem. It is a better method of remediation than producing a slurry containing 70% water. This study deals with the recovery of aluminum from aqueous solutions using Fluidized-bed homogeneous granulation process (FBHGP) without seeds. The hydraulic operating conditions were optimized using Box-Behnken Design (BBD) to attain the optimum aluminum removal (AR%) and granulation ratio (GR%). Optimum values of AR% = 98.8% and GR% = 96.9% were attained at the following conditions: influent aluminum concentration, 334.1 mg L-1; precipitant pH, 10.4; molar ratio (MR) of precipitant to metal [OH-]in/[Al3+]in, 2.5. The characteristics of the granules were comparable with those of orthorhombic structure of aluminum oxide (Al2.66O4). FBHGP was proven to be effective as dictated by the reaction mechanism in the recovery of aluminum from aluminum-rich aqueous solutions.


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Águas Residuárias/química , Óxido de Alumínio/química , Precipitação Química , Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Purificação da Água/métodos
4.
Inorg Chem ; 58(2): 1674-1683, 2019 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30589255

RESUMO

In this work, we report affinity controlled surface modifications of two different metal nanoparticles (MNPs) using a hydrophilic natural ionophore (microbial chelator) aeruginic acid (abbreviated as H2L) that possesses two different types of binding pockets viz. O/O from carboxylic acid group and N/O from a phenol-thiazole moiety. Preferred binding of the former donor set (i.e., O/O) on to the surface of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has resulted in a colorimetric nanomaterial HL@AgNPs, which showed naked eye observable easy detection of Hg2+ in aqueous HEPES buffer at pH 7.4, even in the presence of other metal ions. On the other hand, excellent affinity of the phenol-thiazole moiety (i.e., N/O) for iron nanosurfaces (FeNPs) develops a fluorogenic nanomaterial HL@FeNPs. Brilliant emission behavior of this nanomaterial enabled it to be useful for highly selective recognition of Al3+ under identical experimental conditions. Remarkable fluorescence enhancement (122-folds) of HL@FeNPs upon addition of Al3+ remain unchanged even in the presence of other competing metal ions. The nanomaterials HL@AgNPs and HL@FeNPs could even detect the target analytes instantly offering lower detection limits of 2 and 80 nM, respectively. Presence of toxic metal ions as environmental pollutant demands for dual-functional materials capable of performing the task of probing cum removal. Surface functionalizations of the nanomaterials of silver and iron with H2L have also resulted two removal agents that can efficiently and easily extract Hg2+ and Al3+ ions from contaminated water, respectively. We are not aware of any work that highlights the manifold utilization of a microbial chelator (i.e., natural ionophore) in the facile construction of different metal nanoparticles for environmental applications such as detection cum removal of toxic metal ions from aqueous solutions.


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Ionóforos/química , Mercúrio/isolamento & purificação , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Alumínio/química , Íons/química , Íons/isolamento & purificação , Mercúrio/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Soluções , Propriedades de Superfície , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
5.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 42(2): 291-296, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30406393

RESUMO

This paper provides a unique comparison of the performance of four wild-type Aspergillus niger strains in remediation of aluminium(III)-contaminated aqueous solutions. The direct fungal aluminium removal via biosorption and bioaccumulation was compared among all fungal strains, including bioaccumulation efficiency during dynamic and static cultivation. Our results indicate that aluminium bioaccumulation by living biomass outperformed biosorption, although biosorption by non-living biomass is a less time-demanding process. Among others, only one strain significantly differed regarding comparison of dynamic and static bioaccumulation. In this case, a significantly higher removal performance was achieved under dynamic cultivation conditions at initial aluminium(III) concentrations over 2.5 mg L-1. Although the fungal sensitivity towards aluminium(III) differed among selected fungal strains, there was no apparent correlation between the strains' removal performance and their adaptive mechanisms.


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Aspergillus niger/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biomassa , Adsorção , Fungos/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 120(Pt B): 1667-1673, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30257182

RESUMO

Adsorption of Al (III) and Fe (III) onto chitosan films from individual and binary systems were investigated. The matrix effect was evaluated using an industrial effluent of the scrubber of gases from the production process of Al2(SO4)3. The adsorption study was carried out by response surface methodology to optimize the adsorption operation as a function of pH (3, 4.5 and 6) and film dosage (FD) (100, 200 and 300 mg L-1).The possible interactions film-ions were investigated by thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and dispersive energy X-ray spectroscopy. The more suitable conditions for all experimental designs were the FD values in 100 mg L-1and pH 4.5.The adsorption capacity of Fe (III) in the individual and binary systems were 140.2 mg g-1 and 132.3 mg g-1 respectively; however, in the experiment conducted on the real effluent, the adsorption capacity was reduced to 66.30 mg g-1.Already to Al (III), the adsorption capacities in the individual and binary systems were 665.5 mg g-1 to 621.2 mg g-1 respectively, and when the operation was performed using real effluent the adsorption capacity was reduced to 275.7 mg g-1.


Assuntos
Alumínio/química , Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Quitosana/química , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Ferro/química , Ferro/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
7.
J Environ Manage ; 228: 13-19, 2018 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30212670

RESUMO

For decades, water treatment plants in Malaysia have widely employed aluminium-based coagulant for the removal of colloidal particles in surface water. This generates huge amount of by-product, known as sludge that is either reused for land applications or disposed to landfills. As sludge contains high concentration of aluminium, both can pose severe environmental issues. Therefore, this study explored the potential to recover aluminium from water treatment sludge using acid leaching process. The evaluation of aluminium recovery efficiency was conducted in two phases. The first phase used the one factor at a time (OFAT) approach to study the effects of acid concentration, solid to liquid ratio, temperature and heating time. Meanwhile, second phase emphasized on the optimization of aluminium recovery using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). OFAT results indicated that aluminium recovery increased with the rising temperature and heating time. Acid concentration and solid to liquid ratio, however, showed an initial increment followed by reduction of recovery with increasing concentration and ratio. Due to the solidification of sludge when acid concentration exceeded 4 M, this variable was fixed in the optimization study. RSM predicted that aluminium recovery can achieve 70.3% at optimal values of 4 M, 20.9%, 90 °C and 4.4 h of acid concentration, solid to liquid ratio, temperature and heating time, respectively. Experimental validation demonstrated a recovery of 68.8 ±â€¯0.3%. The small discrepancy of 2.2 ±â€¯0.4% between predicted and validated recovery suggests that RSM was a suitable tool in optimizing aluminium recovery conditions for water treatment sludge.


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Esgotos/química , Água/química , Temperatura , Purificação da Água/métodos
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29869939

RESUMO

Spent hydroprocessing catalysts are known to contain a variety of potentially toxic metals and therefore studies on the bioavailability and mobility of these metals are critical for understanding the possible environmental risks of the spent catalysts. This study evaluates the different chemical fractions/forms of aluminium (Al), nickel (Ni), and molybdenum (Mo) in spent hydroprocessing catalyst and the changes they undergo during bioleaching with Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans. In the spent catalyst (prior to bioleaching), Al was primarily present in its residual form, suggesting its low environmental mobility. However, Ni comprised mainly an exchangeable fraction, indicating its high environmental mobility. Molybdenum was mainly in the oxidizable form (47.1%), which indicated that highly oxidizing conditions were required to liberate it from the spent catalyst. During bioleaching the exchangeable, reducible and oxidizable fractions of all the metals were leached, whereas the residual fractions remained largely unaffected. At the end of bioleaching process, the metals remaining in the bioleached sample were predominantly in the residual fraction (98.3-99.5%). The 'risk assessment code' (RAC) and IR analysis also demonstrated that the environmental risks of the bioleached residue were significantly lower compared to the untreated spent catalyst. The results of this study suggest that bioleaching is an effective method in removing the metals from spent catalysts and the bioleached residue poses little environmental risk.


Assuntos
Acidithiobacillus/metabolismo , Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Fracionamento Químico/métodos , Molibdênio/isolamento & purificação , Níquel/isolamento & purificação , Alumínio/química , Alumínio/farmacocinética , Biodegradação Ambiental , Catálise , Hidrólise , Metais/química , Metais/isolamento & purificação , Metais/farmacocinética , Molibdênio/química , Molibdênio/farmacocinética , Níquel/química , Níquel/farmacocinética , Indústria de Petróleo e Gás , Oxirredução , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Poluentes Químicos da Água/farmacocinética
9.
Molecules ; 23(6)2018 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29895788

RESUMO

The blue sepal color of hydrangea is due to a metal complex anthocyanin composed of 3-O-glucosyldelphinidin (1) and an aluminum ion with the co-pigments 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (2) and/or 5-O-p-coumaroylquinic acid (3). The three components, namely anthocyanin, Al3+ and 5-O-acylquinic acids, are essential for blue color development, but the complex is unstable and only exists in an aqueous solution. Furthermore, the complex did not give analyzable NMR spectra or crystals. Therefore, many trials to determine the detailed chemical structure of the hydrangea-blue complex have not been successful to date. Instead, via experiments mixing 1, Al3+ and 2 or 3 in a buffered solution at pH 4.0, we obtained the same blue solution derived from the sepals. However, the ratio was not stoichiometric but fluctuated. To determine the composition of the complex, we tried direct observation of the molecular ion of the complex using electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry. In a very low-concentration buffer solution (2.0 mM) at pH 4.0, we reproduced the hydrangea-blue color by mixing 1, 2 and Al3+ in ratios of 1:1:1, 1:2:1 and 1:3:1. All solution gave the same molecular ion peak at m/z = 843, indicating that the blue solution has a ratio of 1:1:1 for the complex. By using 3, the observed mass number was m/z = 827 and the ratio of 1, 3 and Al3+ was also 1:1:1. A mixture of 1, 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid (4) and Al3+ did not give any blue color but instead was purple, and the intensity of the molecular ion peak at m/z = 843 was very low. These results strongly indicate that the hydrangea blue-complex is composed of a ratio of 1:1:1 for 1, Al3+ and 2 or 3.


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Antocianinas/isolamento & purificação , Ácido Clorogênico/análogos & derivados , Cumarínicos/isolamento & purificação , Glucosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Hydrangea/química , Ácido Quínico/análogos & derivados , Alumínio/química , Antocianinas/química , Ácido Clorogênico/química , Ácido Clorogênico/isolamento & purificação , Cumarínicos/química , Flores/química , Glucosídeos/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ácido Quínico/química , Ácido Quínico/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
10.
J Environ Manage ; 222: 30-36, 2018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29800862

RESUMO

Steel slag is a major by-product of the steel industry and a potential resource of technology critical elements. For this study, a basic oxygen furnace (BOF) steel slag was tested for bacterial leaching and recovery of aluminium (Al), chromium (Cr), and vanadium (V). Mixed acidophilic bacteria were adapted to the steel slag up to 5% (w/v). In the batch tests, Al, Cr, and V were bioleached significantly more from steel slag than in control treatments. No statistical difference was observed arising from the duration of the leaching (3 vs 6 d) in the batch tests. Al and Cr concentrations in the leachate were higher for the smaller particle size of the steel slag (<75 µm), but no difference was observed for V. In the column tests, no statistical difference was found for pH, Al, Cr and V between the live culture (one-step bioleaching) and the supernatant (two-step bioleaching). The results show that the culture supernatant can be effectively used in an upscaled industrial application for metal recovery. If bioleaching is used in the 170-250 million tonnes of steel slag produced per year globally, significant recoveries of metals (100% of Al, 84% of Cr and 8% of V) can be achieved, depending on the slag composition. The removal and recovery percentages of metals from the leachate with Amberlite®IRA-400 are relatively modest (<67% and <5%, respectively), due to the high concentration of competing ions (SO42-, PO43-) in the culture medium. Other ion exchange resins can be better suited for the leachate or methods such as selective precipitation could improve the performance of the resin. Further research is needed to minimise interference and maximise metal recovery.


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Cromo/isolamento & purificação , Aço , Vanádio/isolamento & purificação , Resíduos Industriais , Reciclagem
11.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 25(22): 22259-22272, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29804256

RESUMO

Aluminum manufacturing has been reported as one of the largest industries and wastewater produced from the aluminum industry may cause significant environmental problems due to variable pH, high heavy metal concentration, conductivity, and organic load. The management of this wastewater with a high pollution load is of great importance for practitioners in the aluminum sector. There are hardly any studies available on membrane treatment of wastewater originated from anodic oxidation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the best treatment and reuse alternative for aluminum industry wastewater using membrane filtration. Additionally, the performance of chemical precipitation, which is the existing treatment used in the aluminum facility, was also compared with membrane filtration. Wastewater originated from anodic oxidation coating process of an aluminum profile manufacturing facility in Kayseri (Turkey) was used in the experiments. The characterization of raw wastewater was in very low pH (e.g., 3) with high aluminum concentration and conductivity values. Membrane experiments were carried out with ultrafiltration (PTUF), nanofiltration (NF270), and reverse osmosis (SW30) membranes with MWCO 5000, 200-400, and 100 Da, respectively. For the chemical precipitation experiments, FeCl3 and FeSO4 chemicals presented lower removal performances for aluminum and chromium, which were below 35% at ambient wastewater pH ~ 3. The membrane filtration experimental results show that, both NF and RO membranes tested could effectively remove aluminum, total chromium and nickel (>90%) from the aluminum production wastewater. The RO (SW30) membrane showed a slightly higher performance at 20 bar operating pressure in terms of conductivity removal values (90%) than the NF 270 membrane (87%). Although similar removal performances were observed for heavy metals and conductivity by NF270 and SW30, significantly higher fluxes were obtained in NF270 membrane filtration at any pressure that there were more than three times the flux values in SW30 membrane filtration. Due to the lower heavy metal (<65%) and conductivity (<30%) removal performances of UF membrane, it could be evaluated as pretreatment followed by NF filtration to protect and extend NF membrane life. The water treated by both NF and RO could be recycled back into the process to be reused with economic and environmental benefits.


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Metais Pesados/isolamento & purificação , Ultrafiltração/métodos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Óxido de Alumínio , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Precipitação Química , Cloretos , Eletrodos , Compostos Férricos , Compostos Ferrosos , Resíduos Industriais , Membranas Artificiais , Osmose , Turquia , Águas Residuárias , Purificação da Água/métodos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29517406

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was development of the optimal conditions for the inertization of the polluted marine sediments using groundwater treatment sludge highly enriched in iron and aluminum. For that purpose fine-grained sediment (>85% clay and silt fraction) highly enriched in copper and zinc was amended with the waste sludge (from 10% to 50%). The sample with the optimum percentage of the waste sludge was further subjected the thermal treatment at 200-800°C. The efficiency of the treatment was determined by the leaching tests and toxicity testing using Hordeum vulgare L. as biosystem. The percentage of the seed germination, the root elongation, and the germination index before and following the treatment were determined. Untreated sediment leachate caused significant arrest in the percentage of the seed germination (6.7 ± 6.7%), the root elongation (1.9 ± 2.2%), and the germination index (0.2 ± 0.3%) with EC50 of 24.9%, suggesting a significant toxic potential of the sediments. After amendment with 30% of the waste sludge the concentrations of the considered micropollutants decreased below regulated values while all three toxicological parameters showed no significant difference compared to the negative control. The toxicity of the sediment was completely removed following the thermal treatment at 400°C.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Esgotos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Purificação da Água/métodos , Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Alumínio/toxicidade , Cobre/isolamento & purificação , Cobre/toxicidade , Poluição Ambiental/análise , Germinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Hordeum , Ferro/isolamento & purificação , Ferro/toxicidade , Sementes , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Zinco/isolamento & purificação , Zinco/toxicidade
13.
J Environ Manage ; 217: 12-22, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29579537

RESUMO

Biogas digestate use as organic fertilizer has been widely promoted in recent years as a part of the global agenda on recycling waste and new sustainable energy production. Although many studies have confirmed positive effects of digestates on soil fertility, there is still lack of information on the potential adverse effects of digestates on natural soil heavy metal content, metal leaching and leaching of other pollutants. We have investigated the release of aluminium (Al) and chromium (Cr) from different soils treated with commercial digestates high in mentioned potentially problematic metals in a field experiment, while a greenhouse and a laboratory column experiment were used to address mobility of these metals in two other scenarios. Results obtained from the field experiment showed an increase in total concentrations for both investigated metals on plots treated with digestates as well as a significant increase of water-soluble Al concentrations. Factors that were found to be mostly affecting the metal mobility were dissolved organic carbon (DOC), pH and type of soil. Metal binding and free metal concentrations were modelled using the WHAM 7.0 software. Results indicated that the use of digestates with high metal content are comparable to use of animal manure with respect to metal leaching. Data obtained through chemical modelling for the samples from the field experiment suggested that an environmental risk from higher metal mobility has to be considered for Al. In the greenhouse experiment, measured concentrations of leached Cr at the end of the growing season were low for all treatments, while the concentration of leached Al from digestates was higher. The high irrigation column leaching experiment showed an increased leaching rate of Cr with addition of digestates.


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Biocombustíveis , Cromo/isolamento & purificação , Grão Comestível , Metais Pesados , Solo , Poluentes do Solo
14.
Food Chem ; 245: 586-594, 2018 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29287413

RESUMO

In the study, a simple, and efficient microextraction approach, which is termed as vortex-assisted ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (VA-IL-DLLME), was developed for flame atomic absorption spectrometric analysis of aluminum (Al) and chromium (Cr) in vegetables. The method is based on the formation of anionic chelate complexes of Al(III) and Cr(VI) with o-hydroxy azo dye, at pH 6.5, and then extraction of the hydrophobic ternary complexes formed in presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) into a 125 µL volume of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluorosulfonyl)imide [C4mim][Tf2N]) as extraction solvent. Under optimum conditions, the detection limits were 0.02 µg L-1 in linear working range of 0.07-100 µg L-1 for Al(III), and 0.05 µg L-1 in linear working range of 0.2-80 µg L-1 for Cr(VI). After the validation by analysis of a certified reference material (CRM), the method was successfully applied to the determination of Al and Cr in vegetables using standard addition method.


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Cromo/isolamento & purificação , Microextração em Fase Líquida/métodos , Verduras/química , Alumínio/análise , Cetrimônio , Compostos de Cetrimônio/química , Cromo/análise , Líquidos Iônicos/química , Limite de Detecção , Espectrofotometria Atômica/métodos
15.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 56(5): 452-460, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986204

RESUMO

The determination of trace levels of aluminum by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with UV detection using quercetin, a natural bioactive flavonol, as a metal complexation agent is presented in the current article. The developed method has been successfully applied to the direct determination of aluminum in water samples collected from various sources. A preconcentration technique is indispensable due to the presence of aluminum in environmental water at trace levels. Fabric phase sorptive extraction (FPSE), a relatively new but promising sample preparation technique, was applied to preconcentrate quercetin-Al(III) complex from water samples. Efficient extraction of the quercetin-Al(III) complex from aqueous samples has been accomplished by applying FPSE using a cellulose fabric substrate coated with sol-gel C18 hybrid nanocomposite sorbent. Baseline separation of Al-quercetin complex has been achieved on a reverse phase C18 column with the use of acetonitrile: 3% acetic acid (30:70; v/v) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The new FPSE-HPLC-UV method can be used for the routine screening of Al ions in various water samples with high sensitivity, precision and reliability.


Assuntos
Alumínio/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Alumínio/química , Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Quercetina/química , Extração em Fase Sólida , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
16.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 97: 338-344, 2017 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28623816

RESUMO

This article aims to establish the judicious use of iron-binding chemistry of microbial chelators in order to functionalize the surface of iron nanoparticles to develop non-toxic nanobiosensor. Anchoring a simple siderophore 2,3-dihydroxybenzoylglycine (H3L), which bears catechol and carboxyl functionalities in tandem, on to the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles has developed a unique nanobiosensor HL-FeNPs which showed highly selective and sensitive detection of Al3+ in 100% water at physiological pH. The biosensor HL-FeNPs, with 20nM limit of detection, behaves reversibly and instantly. In-vivo bio-imaging in live brine shrimp Artemia confirmed that HL-FeNPs could be used as fluorescent biomarker for Al3+ in live whole organisms. Magnetic nature of the nanosensor enabled HL-FeNPs to remove excess Al3+ by using external magnet. To our knowledge, the possibility of microbial chelator in the practical development of Al3+ selective nanobiosensor is unprecedented.


Assuntos
Alumínio/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Sideróforos/química , Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Artemia/química , Artemia/ultraestrutura , Cátions/análise , Cátions/isolamento & purificação , Fluorometria/métodos , Glicina/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/ultraestrutura
17.
Chemosphere ; 181: 738-746, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28478234

RESUMO

This study presents the performance of graphene oxide (GO) as a coagulant in turbidity removal from naturally and artificially turbid raw surface water. GO is considered an excellent alternative to alum, the more common coagulant used in water treatment processes, to reduce the environmental release of aluminum. Effects of GO dosage, pH, and temperature on its coagulation ability were studied to determine the ideal turbidity removal conditions. The turbidity removal was ≥95% for all levels of turbid raw surface water (20, 100, and 200 NTU) at optimum conditions. The role of alkalinity in inducing turbidity removal by GO coagulation was much more pronounced upon using raw surface water samples compared with that using artificially turbid deionized water samples. Moreover, GO demonstrated high-performance removal of biological contaminants such as algae, heterotrophic bacteria, and fecal coliform bacteria by 99.0%, 98.8% and 96.0%, respectively, at a dosage of 40 mg/L. Concerning the possible environmental release of GO into the treated water following filtration process, there was no residual GO in a wide range of pH values. The outcomes of the study highlight the excellent coagulation performance of GO for the removal of turbidity and biological contaminants from raw surface water.


Assuntos
Grafite/química , Óxidos/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Clorófitas , Filtração , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Temperatura , Água/análise
18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 101: 490-501, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28330755

RESUMO

Microwave assisted preparation of cellulose modified with gallic acid (MA-Cell-GA) was developed for high efficient adsorption of Al3+. The as-prepared modified cellulose has been characterized by elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and zeta potential measurements. Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectrum was utilized to proof the adsorption of Al3+. The effect of various experimental factors, as pH, amount of adsorbent, shaking time, initial metal ion concentration, temperature, concomitant ions and desorption conditions on the extraction efficiency was investigated and optimized in batch mode experiments. The adsorption capacity and the surface area of MA-Cell-GA were 59.6mgg-1 and 160m2g-1, respectively which were significantly higher than those of the sorbent obtained via traditional reflux procedure. The thermodynamic factors (ΔH° and ΔG°) values for adsorption of Al3+ on MW-Cell-GA confirmed the non-spontaneousity and exothermic character of the adsorption process. It was indicated that the prepared adsorbent can be regenerated easily using EDTA. The procedure was successfully applied for the preconcentration of Al3+ in water, rocks, blood and soil samples prior to the determination using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES).


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Celulose/química , Meio Ambiente , Ácido Gálico/química , Micro-Ondas , Adsorção , Alumínio/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Solo/química , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo , Água/química
19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 99: 465-476, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28267611

RESUMO

Chitosan was reacted by tannic acid to obtain three modified chitosan biopolymer. Their chemical structures were characterized by FTIR and elemental analysis. The prepared biopolymers were used to adsorb Al(III) and Pb(II) metal ions from industrial wastewater. The factors affecting the adsorption process were biosorbent amount, initial concentration of metal ion and pH of the medium. The adsorption efficiency increased considerably with the increase of the biosorbent amount and pH of the medium. The adsorption process of biosorbent on different metal ions was fitted by Freundlich adsorption model. The adsorption kinetics was followed Pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption process occurred according to diffusion mechanism which was confirmed by the interparticle diffusion model. The modified biopolymers were efficient biosorbents for removal of Pb(II) and Al(III) metal ions from the medium.


Assuntos
Alumínio/química , Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Quitosana/química , Chumbo/química , Chumbo/isolamento & purificação , Taninos/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Adsorção , Difusão , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Termodinâmica , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
20.
Water Sci Technol ; 75(3-4): 998-1006, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28234300

RESUMO

The water treatment industry consumes large quantities of coagulant and produces huge amounts of slurry. The cost of alum used in water treatment, stringent regulations and negative impacts of sludge disposal are the motive to do integrated research studies on the technical feasibility of aluminum coagulant recovery from sludge using acidification. This work studied the leaching of iron, manganese, and chromium as the most extracted metals with aluminum during sludge acidification; furthermore, these metals have a great impact on the recovered coagulants' efficiency and treated water quality. The sludge used was collected from El-Sheikh Zayd water treatment plant in Egypt, then dried and ground; afterward, the effect of acid concentration, sludge mass, temperature, mixing speed and mixing time was studied. In addition, it was noticeable that the efficiency of sulfuric acid in leaching iron, manganese and chromium is higher than that of hydrochloric acid. Also, higher leaching for the three metals was obtained in all the experiments using higher acid concentration, elevated temperature, and rotational speed. Finally, the leached metals in recovered aluminum coagulants will not limit its application to water and wastewater treatment, as their concentrations are still very low if compared with aluminum, even with the highest leaching efficiency.


Assuntos
Alumínio/isolamento & purificação , Metais Pesados/análise , Esgotos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos , Egito , Floculação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Ácidos Sulfúricos/química , Temperatura
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