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2.
PeerJ ; 12: e17215, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38618560

RESUMO

Background: Inflammatory back pain is a chronic condition with localized pain, particularly in the axial spine and sacroiliac joints, that is associated with morning stiffness and improves with exercise. YouTube is the second most frequently used social media platform for accessing health information. This study sought to investigate the quality and reliability of YouTube videos on inflammatory back pain (IBP). Methods: The study design was planned as cross-sectional. A search was conducted using the term "inflammatory back pain," and the first 100 videos that met the inclusion criteria were selected on October 19, 2023. The data of the videos selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria in the study settings were examined. Videos with English language, with audiovisual content , had a duration >30 s, non-duplicated and primary content related to IBP were included in the study. A number of video parameters such as the number of likes, number of views, duration, and content categories were assessed. The videos were assessed for reliability using the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Benchmark criteria and the DISCERN tool. Quality was assessed using the Global Quality Score (GQS). Continuous variables were checked for normality of distribution using Shapiro-Wilk test and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to analyze the continuous data depending on the number of groups. Categorical data were analyzed using Pearson's chi-square test. Results: Reliability assessment based on JAMA scores showed 21% of the videos to have high reliability. Quality assessment based on GQS results showed 19% of the videos to have high quality. JAMA, DISCERN, and GQS scores differed significantly by source of video (p < 0.001, < 0.001, and = 0.002, respectively). Video duration had a moderate positive correlation with scores from the GQS (r = 0.418, p < 0.001), JAMA (r = 0.484, p < 0.001), and modified DISCERN (r = 0.418, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that YouTube offers videos of low reliability and low quality on inflammatory back pain. Health authorities have a responsibility to protect public health and should take proactive steps regarding health information shared on social media platforms.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , American Medical Association , Dor nas Costas
3.
Urogynecology (Phila) ; 30(3): 233-238, 2024 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484236

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study reviewed instructional videos on YouTube regarding pelvic floor physical therapy and assessed the association between the videos' popularity and the reliability of the videos' content. YouTube was searched using the terms relevant to pelvic floor muscle training. The first 100 videos for each search term were screened, and relevant metrics were collected for those meeting the inclusion criteria. Videos were assessed by 2 independent, trained health care professionals for reliability using the Medical Quality Video Evaluation (MQ-VET) tool, the modified DISCERN tool, the Journal of American Medical Association benchmark criteria, and the Global Quality Score. Popularity was assessed using the Video Power Index (VPI). Higher values for all scoring systems correlated with greater reliability and greater popularity, respectively. Five hundred videos were screened. Two hundred thirty-four videos were duplicates, and 99 did not meet the inclusion criteria. A total of 167 videos were reviewed. The median VPI and MQ-VET score was 201,114.76 (interquartile range, 7,194,020.29) and 48.00 (interquartile range, 12.75), respectively. Spearman's R value was 0.292 (P < 0.001), demonstrating a weak positive correlation between MQ-VET scores and VPI. The interrater reliability of the MQ-VET was good, with an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.86 (95% confidence interval, 0.71-0.92). In summary, we identified a statistically significant but weak positive correlation between the reliability and popularity of YouTube videos about pelvic floor physical therapy.


Assuntos
Medicina , Mídias Sociais , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Diafragma da Pelve , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , American Medical Association
5.
PeerJ ; 12: e16846, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313037

RESUMO

Background: Numerous online videos are available on sound therapy as a treatment modality for tinnitus, but it is uncertain if these videos are adequate for patient education. This study aims to evaluate the quality and reliability of tinnitus sound therapy videos on YouTube for patient education. Methods: YouTube videos were searched using keywords related to "tinnitus sound therapy". The top 100 videos were analyzed after excluding those were repetitive, irrelevant, less than 3 min, or not in English. After categorising the videos based on their authorship and content, the video power index (VPI) was relied to determine their popularity. The DISCERN questionnaire (DISCERN), the Global Quality Score (GQS), the Journal of the American Medical Association benchmark criteria (JAMA), and the Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT) were utilized to evaluate the quality, transparency, and patient education. Results: Over half (56%) of the videos were published by professional organizations. A total of 93% of them contained sound only. Only 17% followed the recommendations of the Clinical Management of Tinnitus Guidelines, and 3% provided literature referenced by the video. A variety types of sound were used, among which music accounting for 35%. The videos were highly popular with an average views of 7,335,003.28 ± 24,174,764.02 and an average VPI of 4,610.33 ± 11,531.10. However, their quality was poor (the median scores: 38/80 for DISCERN, 2/5 for GQS, 1/4 for JAMA, and 50%/100% for PEMAT). There was a negative correlation between the popularity of the videos and their quality, indicated by PEMAT: -0.207, DISCERN: -0.307, GQS: -0.302, and JAMA: -0.233. Several dimensions of the videos require improvement, especially actionability, treatment options, and transparency with lacks of 100%, 63%, and 75% respectively. Conclusion: The tinnitus sound therapy videos available on YouTube exhibit low quality. Nevertheless, they also hold potential for health education if refined and utilized suitably.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , Zumbido , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Zumbido/diagnóstico , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , American Medical Association
8.
Surg Innov ; 30(6): 728-738, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37867402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the educational and academic quality of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) videos on YouTube® and WebSurg® platforms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: YouTube and WebSurg platforms were searched with the keyword "laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy". According to the exclusion criteria, 12 videos were found on WebSurg. To ensure a 1:1 ratio, the first 12 videos that met the criteria on YouTube were also analyzed. Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmark criteria were used to evaluate the reliability of the videos. The non-educational quality of the videos was calculated using the Global Quality Score (GQS), the educational and academic quality of videos was calculated using Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy-specific score (LDP-SS) and Laparoscopic Surgery Video Educational Guidelines scoring system (LAP-VEGaS). RESULTS: The mean JAMA score was 1.58 on YouTube and 2.83 on WebSurg (P < .001). The median GQS was 2 on YouTube and 5 on WebSurg (P < .001). The median LAP-VEGaS score was 8 on YouTube and 14.5 on WebSurg (P < .001). The median LDP-SS score was 6 on YouTube and 9.5 on WebSurg (P = .001). According to the LAP-VEGaS, eleven (91.7%) of the WebSurg videos had a high score of 11 or more (P = .04). According to Spearman correlation analysis, there was a statistically significant positive correlation between LDP-SS and JAMA, GQS and LAP-VEGaS (r: .589, P = .002; r: .648, P = .001; r: .848, P < .001 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The WebSurg is superior to the YouTube in terms of educational and academic value, quality, accuracy, reliability and usability in scientific meetings for LDP videos.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Mídias Sociais , Estados Unidos , Pancreatectomia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , American Medical Association , Gravação em Vídeo
10.
PLoS One ; 18(9): e0285869, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37738275

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize the content of frequently asked questions about the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on the internet in Japan and to evaluate the quality of websites related to the questions. METHODS: We searched terms on the treatment of RA on Google and extracted frequently asked questions generated by the Google "people also ask" function. The website that answered each question was also obtained. We categorized the questions based on the content. The quality of the websites was evaluated using the brief DISCERN, Journal of American Medical Association benchmark criteria, and Clear Communication Index. RESULTS: Our search yielded 83 questions and the corresponding websites. The most frequently asked questions were regarding the timeline of treatment (n = 17, 23%) and those on the timeline of the clinical course (n = 13, 16%). The median score of brief DISCERN was 11 points, with only 7 (8%) websites having sufficient quality. Websites having sufficient quality based on the Journal of American Medical Association benchmark criteria and Clear Communication Index were absent. CONCLUSIONS: The questions were most frequently related to the timeline of treatment and clinical course. Physicians should provide such information to patients with RA in the counseling and education materials.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , American Medical Association , Benchmarking , Internet , Progressão da Doença
12.
Hypertension ; 80(10): e143-e157, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37650292

RESUMO

Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors that contribute to incident cardiovascular events. A multitude of US and international hypertension guidelines, scientific statements, and policy statements have recommended evidence-based approaches for hypertension management and improved blood pressure (BP) control. These recommendations are based largely on high-quality observational and randomized controlled trial data. However, recent published data demonstrate troubling temporal trends with declining BP control in the United States after decades of steady improvements. Therefore, there is a widening disconnect between what hypertension experts recommend and actual BP control in practice. This scientific statement provides information on the implementation strategies to optimize hypertension management and to improve BP control among adults in the United States. Key approaches include antiracism efforts, accurate BP measurement and increased use of self-measured BP monitoring, team-based care, implementation of policies and programs to facilitate lifestyle change, standardized treatment protocols using team-based care, improvement of medication acceptance and adherence, continuous quality improvement, financial strategies, and large-scale dissemination and implementation. Closing the gap between scientific evidence, expert recommendations, and achieving BP control, particularly among disproportionately affected populations, is urgently needed to improve cardiovascular health.


Assuntos
American Heart Association , Hipertensão , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto , Humanos , Pressão Sanguínea , American Medical Association , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Determinação da Pressão Arterial
13.
AMA J Ethics ; 25(7): E550-558, 2023 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37432009

RESUMO

Body mass index (BMI) was introduced in the 19th century as a measure of weight relative to height. Before the late 20th century, overweight and obesity were not considered a population-wide health risk, but the advent of new weight loss drugs in the 1990s accelerated the medicalization of BMI. A BMI category labeled obesity was adopted in 1997 by a World Health Organization consultation and subsequently by the US government. Language in the National Coverage Determinations Manual stating that "obesity itself cannot be considered an illness" was removed in 2004, allowing reimbursement for weight loss treatments. In 2013, the American Medical Association declared obesity to be a disease. Yet the focus on BMI categories and on weight loss has yielded few health benefits and contributes to weight-related discrimination and other potential harms.


Assuntos
American Medical Association , Obesidade , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Governo , Redução de Peso
14.
PeerJ ; 11: e15412, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37492399

RESUMO

Background: YouTube plays an influential role in disseminating health-related information in the digital age. This study aimed to evaluate YouTube videos on transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in terms of their information value and quality. Methods: In this descriptive study, we ranked the first 100 videos that met the inclusion criteria using the search term "transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation" on October 30, 2022. These videos were classified according to the number of views, likes, dislikes, comments, duration, popularity and content categories. Reliability, quality, and accuracy of the videos were assessed using the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) Benchmark Criteria and Modified DISCERN Questionnaire and Global Quality Score (GQS). Video popularity were calculated by the Video Power Index (VPI). Results: Based on the GQS results, we found that 59, 27, and 14 videos had low, intermediate, and high quality, respectively. In addition, based on the JAMA results, 79 and 21 videos had poor and high reliability, respectively. No statistically significant difference was found between the JAMA, modified DISCERN and GQS scores in terms of the sources of videos (p = 0.226, p = 0.115, p = 0.812). Notably, there was a weak positive correlation between the JAMA scores and the number of views (r = 0.204, p = 0.041). Conclusion: According to our study results, most YouTube videos on TENS were of low quality and reliability. Additionally, most videos were uploaded from sources created by doctors; the most frequently found content was about the TENS procedure, and content on complications of the procedure became less frequent as the videos became more recent. In particular, it was found that videos uploaded by academics have longer duration. It has been found that reliable videos with high JAMA scores also have high number of views. Accordingly, it can be concluded that videos with higher quality and more reliability that are created by healthcare providers will be more useful for patients seeking information about TENS.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Fonte de Informação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , American Medical Association
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37494298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Online health-related information has become increasingly popular. Social media platforms have great potential to support and change patients' perspective. Plantar fasciitis (PF) is a common disease that is one of the most frequently researched subjects among foot problems. This study aimed to assess the content, quality, and reliability of YouTube videos related to PF and to evaluate whether they reflect current PF treatment guidelines. METHODS: The descriptive cross-sectional study analyzed the most viewed 79 YouTube videos retrieved by using the keyword "plantar fasciitis." The quality, reliability, and content of the videos were analyzed using Global Quality Scale (GQS), the modified DISCERN instrument, the Journal of the American Medical Association instrument, and a content scoring system by two independent physiotherapists. The analyzed videos were divided into three groups according to their GQS score as high, intermediate, and low quality. Also, video parameters were compared between the useful and misleading groups. RESULTS: Of the 79 analyzed videos, 26 (32.9%) were of low quality, 29 (36.7%) were of intermediate quality, and 24 were of (30.3%) high quality. Most high-quality videos were uploaded by allied health professionals (39.4%). The view ratio and video power index scores were highest in patients. There were significant differences between useful and misleading videos in terms of DISCERN, GQS, and Journal of the American Medical Association scores (P = .000, P = .000, and P = .020, respectively). Almost all of the evaluated videos contain at least one treatment approach. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the vast of majority of YouTube videos on PF are useful and comprehensive; also, our results may lead us to propose that the vast majority of the videos reflect current treatment guidelines. Video-based information about PF may provide valuable insight to patients, especially in the absence of direct access to health care by stakeholders.


Assuntos
Fasciíte Plantar , Mídias Sociais , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Fasciíte Plantar/terapia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , American Medical Association
16.
Acad Med ; 98(10): 1159-1163, 2023 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37232755

RESUMO

PROBLEM: Medical education must evolve to meet the changing needs of patients and communities. Innovation is a critical component of that evolution. As medical educators pursue innovative curricula, assessments, and evaluation techniques, the impact of innovations may be limited by minimal funding. The American Medical Association (AMA) Innovation Grant Program, launched in 2018, seeks to address the gap in funding and stimulate educational innovation and research in medical education. APPROACH: In 2018 and 2019, the Innovation Grant Program targeted innovation in content areas including health systems science, competency-based medical education, coaching, learning environment, and emerging technology. The authors reviewed the content of applications and final reports for the 27 projects completed during the first 2 years of the program. They also noted measures of success (completion of project, achievement of grant objectives, development of transferrable educational product, dissemination). OUTCOMES: In 2018, the AMA received 52 submissions and funded 13 proposals, dispersing $290,000 ($10,000 and $30,000 grants). In 2019, the AMA received 80 submissions and funded 15 proposals, dispersing $345,000. Among the 27 completed grants, 17 (63%) supported innovations related to health systems science. Fifteen (56%) were used to create educational products that could be shared, such as new assessment tools, curricula, and teaching modules. Five grant recipients (29%) published articles and 15 (56%) presented at national conferences. NEXT STEPS: The grant program advanced educational innovations, particularly in health systems science. The next steps will involve examining the long-term outcomes and impact of the completed projects on medical students, patients, and the health system; the professional development of the grantees; and the adoption and dissemination of the innovations.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Estados Unidos , Humanos , American Medical Association , Currículo , Aprendizagem
17.
MedEdPORTAL ; 19: 11307, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36959918

RESUMO

Introduction: Residents often feel unprepared for independent practice, citing an unfamiliarity with billing as a common cause. Gamification has been well studied as a means to engage learners but not as a way to improve resident knowledge of outpatient billing guidelines. Methods: We delivered a session to incoming PGY 1 residents with a goal of improving billing proficiency. The session included a pretest and posttest questionnaire, a prerecorded PowerPoint lecture, and Billing Bonanza, a game with instructions and rules that used gamification to reinforce billing concepts. Results: Residents demonstrated improvement in percentage of correctly answered questions from 42% on the pretest to 67% on the posttest, which resulted in a statistically significant increase of 0.24 questions correct. Discussion: This session led to improvement in baseline billing knowledge.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Estados Unidos , Humanos , American Medical Association , Gamificação , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Racial Ethn Health Disparities ; 10(2): 920-929, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35312972

RESUMO

Publication in leading medical journals is critical to knowledge dissemination and academic advancement alike. Leveraging a novel dataset comprised of nearly all articles published in JAMA and NEJM from 1990 to 2020, along with established reference works for name identification, we explore changing authorship demographics in two of the world's leading medical journals. Our main outcomes are the annual proportion of male and female authors and the proportion of racial/ethnic identities in junior and senior authorship positions for articles published in JAMA and NEJM since 1990. We found that women remain under-represented in research authorship in both JAMA (at its peak, 38.1% of articles had a female first author in 2011) and NEJM (peaking at 28.2% in 2002). The rate of increase is so slow that it will take more than a century for both journals to reach gender parity. Black and Hispanic researchers have likewise remained under-represented as first and last authors in both journals, even using the best-case scenario. Their appearance as authors has remained stagnant for three decades, despite attention to structural inequalities in medical academia. Thus, analysis of authorship demographics in JAMA and NEJM over the past three decades reveals the existence of inequalities in high-impact medical journal authorship. Gender and racial/ethnic disparities in authorship may both reflect and further contribute to disparities in academic advancement.


Assuntos
American Medical Association , Autoria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Hispânico ou Latino , Estados Unidos , População Negra
20.
Am Surg ; 89(6): 2782-2784, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732067

RESUMO

The American Medical Association (AMA) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) suggest patient education materials should not exceed the sixth-grade reading level. Several studies have shown that patient information has been written well above this reading level across multiple specialties. A search was conducted utilizing the Google Chrome browser and the Google search engine. The key words "Reflux Center" and "GERD Center" were used to identify links to programs within the United States. The web site's general description of reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease was copied and pasted into the Readable.io service, and the readability tests were conducted via the program. Of 52 web sites, none had fulfilled the recommended reading level. Our results reveal that readability related to reflux pathology on center web sites is too difficult for the average patient. In order to improve patient education regarding reflux pathology and treatment, reading materials should be improved.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Letramento em Saúde/métodos , Compreensão , National Institutes of Health (U.S.) , American Medical Association , Internet
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