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1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4722, 2020 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948764

RESUMO

Precisely controlled deuterium labeling at specific sites of N-alkyl drugs is crucial in drug-development as over 50% of the top-selling drugs contain N-alkyl groups, in which it is very challenging to selectively replace protons with deuterium atoms. With the goal of achieving controllable isotope-labeling in N-alkylated amines, we herein rationally design photocatalytic water-splitting to furnish [H] or [D] and isotope alkanol-oxidation by photoexcited electron-hole pairs on a polymeric semiconductor. The controlled installation of N-CH3, -CDH2, -CD2H, -CD3, and -13CH3 groups into pharmaceutical amines thus has been demonstrated by tuning isotopic water and methanol. More than 50 examples with a wide range of functionalities are presented, demonstrating the universal applicability and mildness of this strategy. Gram-scale production has been realized, paving the way for the practical photosynthesis of pharmaceuticals.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Aminas/metabolismo , Luz , Semicondutores , Alquilação , Aminas/farmacologia , Catálise , Deutério , Oxirredução , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Prótons , Água , Difração de Raios X
2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4761, 2020 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958762

RESUMO

Chemical synthesis based on the skeletal variation has been prolifically utilized as an attractive approach for modification of molecular properties. Given the ubiquity of unstrained cyclic amines, the ability to directly alter such motifs would grant an efficient platform to access unique chemical space. Here, we report a highly efficient and practical strategy that enables the selective ring-opening functionalization of unstrained cyclic amines. The use of difluorocarbene leads to a wide variety of multifaceted acyclic architectures, which can be further diversified to a range of distinctive homologative cyclic scaffolds. The virtue of this deconstructive strategy is demonstrated by successful modification of several natural products and pharmaceutical analogues.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Aminas/síntese química , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/química , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Estrutura Molecular , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas , Estereoisomerismo
3.
Nature ; 584(7819): 75-81, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760044

RESUMO

Chemical reactions that reliably join two molecular fragments together (cross-couplings) are essential to the discovery and manufacture of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals1,2. The introduction of amines onto functionalized aromatics at specific and pre-determined positions (ortho versus meta versus para) is currently achievable only in transition-metal-catalysed processes and requires halogen- or boron-containing substrates3-6. The introduction of these groups around the aromatic unit is dictated by the intrinsic reactivity profile of the method (electrophilic halogenation or C-H borylation) so selective targeting of all positions is often not possible. Here we report a non-canonical cross-coupling approach for the construction of anilines, exploiting saturated cyclohexanones as aryl electrophile surrogates. Condensation between amines and carbonyls, a process that frequently occurs in nature and is often used by (bio-)organic chemists7, enables a predetermined and site-selective carbon-nitrogen (C-N) bond formation, while a photoredox- and cobalt-based catalytic system progressively desaturates the cyclohexene ring en route to the aniline. Given that functionalized cyclohexanones are readily accessible with complete regiocontrol using the well established carbonyl reactivity, this approach bypasses some of the frequent selectivity issues of aromatic chemistry. We demonstrate the utility of this C-N coupling protocol by preparing commercial medicines and by the late-stage amination-aromatization of natural products, steroids and terpene feedstocks.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina/síntese química , Hidrogênio/química , Processos Fotoquímicos , Aminação , Aminas/química , Compostos de Anilina/química , Produtos Biológicos/síntese química , Produtos Biológicos/química , Catálise/efeitos da radiação , Cicloexanonas/química , Oxirredução/efeitos da radiação , Processos Fotoquímicos/efeitos da radiação , Esteroides/síntese química , Esteroides/química , Terpenos/síntese química , Terpenos/química
4.
Food Chem ; 328: 127123, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480261

RESUMO

Protein- and lipid oxidation were investigated in whey protein based oleogels with varying water addition. Lipid oxidation was low (~30 mmol O2/kg lipid hydroperoxides after 6 weeks) in gels with < 0.23% water and a high (>1,000 mmol O2/kg lipid hydroperoxides after 4 weeks) in gels with > 2.4% water addition. In systems with > 2.4% water addition fluorescence (excitation 325 nm / emission 410 nm) as indicator of tyrosine oxidation and carbonyl content significantly increased and remained at low levels in oleogels with < 0.23% water addition. Primary amines as indicator for protein backbone breakage increased in early stages of oxidation in high water oleogels and decreased after 28 days. Degradation has been suggested to occur through interactions with reactive secondary lipid oxidation products and was confirmed by spiking experiments using respective compounds. The results suggest that secondary lipid oxidation markers are masked dependent on water addition in the presence of proteins.


Assuntos
Lipídeos/química , Água/química , Proteínas do Soro do Leite/química , Aminas/química , Géis/química , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Oxirredução
5.
Nat Protoc ; 15(7): 2203-2229, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541940

RESUMO

Determining enantiomeric excess (e.e.) in chiral compounds is key to development of chiral catalyst auxiliaries and chiral drugs. Here we describe a sensitive and robust fluorescence-based assay for determining e.e. in mixtures of enantiomers of 1,2- and 1,3-diols, chiral amines, amino alcohols, and amino-acid esters. The method is based on dynamic self-assembly of commercially available chiral amines, 2-formylphenylboronic acid, and chiral diols in acetonitrile to form fluorescent diastereomeric complexes. Each analyte enantiomer engenders a diastereomer with distinct fluorescence wavelength/intensity originating from enantiopure fluorescent ligands. In this assay, enantiomers of amines and amine derivatives assemble with diol-type ligands containing a binaphthol moiety (BINOL and VANOL), whereas diol enantiomers form complexes with the enantiopure amine-type fluorescent ligand tryptophanol. The differential fluorescence is utilized to determine the amount of each enantiomer in the mixture with an error of <1% e.e. This method enables high-throughput real-time evaluation of enantiomeric/diastereomeric excess (e.e./d.e.) and product yield of crude asymmetric reaction products. The procedure comprises high-throughput liquid dispensing of three components into 384-well plates and recording of fluorescence using an automated plate reader. The approach enables scaling up the screening of combinatorial libraries and, together with parallel synthesis, creates a robust platform for discovering chiral catalysts or auxiliaries for asymmetric transformations and chiral drug development. The procedure takes ~4-6 h and requires 10-20 ng of substrate per well. Our fluorescence-based assay offers distinct advantages over existing methods because it is not sensitive to the presence of common additives/impurities or unreacted/incompletely utilized reagents or catalysts.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Amino Álcoois/química , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , Estereoisomerismo
6.
Food Chem ; 326: 127016, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428855

RESUMO

The effects of sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP), sodium pyrophosphate (PP), and NaCl at different ionic strengths on the formation of heterocyclic amines (HAs) were investigated in roasted beef patties. Six HAs (2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine [PhIP], 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline [MeIQx], 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline [4,8-DiMeIQx], 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline [IQ], 1-methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b] indole [harman], and 9H-pyrido[3,4-b] indole [norharman]) were identified and quantified. The presence of 0.3% and 0.45% PP significantly increased the formation of PhIP (P < 0.05). Different levels of TPP/PP had no effect on MeIQx, 4,8-DiMeIQx, IQ, norharman, or harman (P > 0.05), but these products increased in the presence of NaCl at three ionic strengths and NaCl + 0.3% and 0.45% TPP/PP (P < 0.05). High hardness and surface temperatures were observed after treatments with NaCl and NaCl + TPP/PP. The increase in these six HAs in beef patties with the addition of polyphosphates and NaCl did not involve changes in pH, but mainly stemmed from higher surface temperatures during roasting.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Carne/análise , Carne Vermelha/análise , Cloreto de Sódio/química , Animais , Bovinos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Culinária , Temperatura Alta , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2424, 2020 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415122

RESUMO

Lipid-like nanoparticles (LNPs) have potential as non-viral delivery systems for mRNA therapies. However, repeated administrations of LNPs may lead to accumulation of delivery materials and associated toxicity. To address this challenge, we have developed biodegradable lipids which improve LNPs clearance and reduce toxicity. We modify the backbone structure of Dlin-MC3-DMA by introducing alkyne and ester groups into the lipid tails. We evaluate the performance of these lipids when co-formulated with other amine containing lipid-like materials. We demonstrate that these formulations synergistically facilitate robust mRNA delivery with improved tolerability after single and repeated administrations. We further identify albumin-associated macropinocytosis and endocytosis as an ApoE-independent LNP cellular uptake pathway in the liver. Separately, the inclusion of alkyne lipids significantly increases membrane fusion to enhance mRNA release, leading to synergistic improvement of mRNA delivery. We believe that the rational design of LNPs with multiple amine-lipids increases the material space for mRNA delivery.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Lipídeos/química , Fígado/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores de Albumina/metabolismo , Alquinos/química , Aminas/química , Animais , Apolipoproteínas E/metabolismo , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Endossomos/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Eritropoetina/química , Ésteres/química , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo
8.
Chemistry ; 26(34): 7595-7601, 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302020

RESUMO

We propose post-metalation modification as a useful strategy to control the guest recognition behavior of a metal-containing macrocyclic host. This is based on the ligand exchange of the axial ligands of a cobalt(III) dinuclear macrocyclic host, [LCo2 X4 ]2+ (X=axial amine ligand). Four piperidine ligands in [LCo2 (pip)4 ]2+ (pip=piperidine) were site-selectively replaced with primary amines. The competitive experiments revealed that the order of the affinity toward the cobalt centers in [LCo2 X4 ]2+ is primary amine > secondary amine > tertiary amine and that the piperidine-coordinating complex, [LCo2 (pip)4 ]2+ , was reasonably reactive among the isolable complexes. Indeed, two piperidine ligands at the diagonal positions in [LCo2 (pip)4 ]2+ were site-selectively replaced with pyridine or acetate ion. The replacement of piperidine with acetate ion significantly enhanced the recognition ability towards Na+ .


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Cobalto/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Piridinas/química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ligantes , Metais , Estrutura Molecular
9.
Food Chem ; 322: 126725, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283373

RESUMO

The antimutagenicity of an extract from the medicinal plant Asclepias subulata (ASE) against heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) commonly found in cooked meat, as well as its stability to heat treatment (HT), was evaluated. HT (180 °C/3 min) had no effect on the content in ASE of the bioactive compound corotoxigenin-3-O-glucopyranoside; conversely, calotropin significantly decreased by 72%. ASE exerted antimutagenicity against PhIP, MelQ, and MelQx in TA98 and TA100 Salmonella strains, and this activity was not affected by heat, with the exception of MelQ (p < 0.05). Since HAAs can induce colorectal cancer, the thermal stability of ASE's antiproliferative effect against colorectal cancer cells was also evaluated. HT decreased (p < 0.05) the antiproliferative activity of ASE; however, the remaining activity was still strong with an IC50 of 16.8 ± 2.03 µg/mL. Therefore, ASE can be used as a food ingredient to reduce the carcinogenic potential of thermally induced HAAs.


Assuntos
Aminas/farmacologia , Antimutagênicos/farmacologia , Asclepias/química , Carcinógenos/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Carne/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Aminas/análise , Aminas/química , Animais , Antimutagênicos/química , Carcinógenos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Culinária , Compostos Heterocíclicos/análise , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Imidazóis
10.
Chemistry ; 26(35): 7912-7917, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274865

RESUMO

A series of phosphine oxide-bridged rhodamines (P-rhodamines) bearing various acyclic and cyclic amine moieties, including dimethyl- and diethylamine, azetidine, pyrrolidine and 7-azabicyclo[2,2,1]heptane (7ABH), have been synthesized. The photophysical properties as well as chemical and photostability of these dyes have been studied in detail. Among these dyes, the 7ABH-substituted dye shows stronger fluorescence in the near-infrared (NIR) region, relative to the other P-rhodamines. This dye could be applied to live-cell imaging, wherein lysosomes were selectively stained in a pH-independent manner. It was also found that the ring fusion of the amine moieties gives rise to remarkably redshifted spectra, with absorption and emission maxima at 770 and 820 nm, respectively, spectrally close to that of indocyanine green (ICG). Importantly, the ring-fused P-rhodamines showed much higher photostability than ICG, indicative of their promising utility as the NIR-emissive dyes.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Lisossomos/química , Rodaminas/química , Fluorescência , Verde de Indocianina
11.
Nature ; 581(7809): 415-420, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268340

RESUMO

The ubiquity of tertiary alkylamines in pharmaceutical and agrochemical agents, natural products and small-molecule biological probes1,2 has stimulated efforts towards their streamlined synthesis3-9. Arguably the most robust method for the synthesis of tertiary alkylamines is carbonyl reductive amination3, which comprises two elementary steps: the condensation of a secondary alkylamine with an aliphatic aldehyde to form an all-alkyl-iminium ion, which is subsequently reduced by a hydride reagent. Direct strategies have been sought for a 'higher order' variant of this reaction via the coupling of an alkyl fragment with an alkyl-iminium ion that is generated in situ10-14. However, despite extensive efforts, the successful realization of a 'carbonyl alkylative amination' has not yet been achieved. Here we present a practical and general synthesis of tertiary alkylamines through the addition of alkyl radicals to all-alkyl-iminium ions. The process is facilitated by visible light and a silane reducing agent, which trigger a distinct radical initiation step to establish a chain process. This operationally straightforward, metal-free and modular transformation forms tertiary amines, without structural constraint, via the coupling of aldehydes and secondary amines with alkyl halides. The structural and functional diversity of these readily available precursors provides a versatile and flexible strategy for the streamlined synthesis of complex tertiary amines.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Aminas/síntese química , Técnicas de Química Sintética/métodos , Aldeídos/química , Alquilação , Aminação , Loratadina/análogos & derivados , Loratadina/síntese química , Loratadina/química
12.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(16): 3125-3134, 2020 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32255146

RESUMO

Two organoselenium compounds, both of which were modified with two primary amine groups, were designed and synthesized to mimic the catalytic properties of glutathione peroxidase (GPx). It was demonstrated that the catalytic mechanism of the diselenide organoselenium compound (compound 1) was a ping-pong mechanism while that of the selenide organoselenium compound (compound 2) was a sequential mechanism. The pH-controlled switching of the catalytic activities was achieved by controlling the formation and dissociation of the pseudorotaxanes based on the organoselenium compounds and cucurbit[6]uril (CB[6]). Moreover, the switching was reversible at pH between 7 and 9 for compound 1 or between 7 and 10 for compound 2.


Assuntos
Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Mimetismo Molecular , Rotaxanos/metabolismo , Aminas/química , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/química , Catálise , Imidazóis/química , Compostos Organosselênicos/química
13.
Top Curr Chem (Cham) ; 378(2): 37, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236795

RESUMO

Aromatic amines belong to a highly important class of organic compounds which are found in various natural products, functional materials, and pharmaceutical agents. Their prevalence has sparked continuing interest in the development of highly efficient and environmentally benign synthetic strategies for the construction of these compounds. Cross-dehydrogenative coupling reactions between two unmodified C(X)-H bonds have recently emerged as a versatile and powerful strategy for the fabrication of new C(X)-C(X) bonds. In this context, several procedures have been reported for the synthesis of aromatic amines through the direct amination of aromatic C-H bonds with free amines. This review highlights recent advances and progress in this appealing research arena, with special emphasis on the mechanistic features of the reactions.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Carbono/química , Hidrogênio/química , Aminação , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular
14.
Chemosphere ; 252: 126292, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203779

RESUMO

New particle formation (NPF) involving amines in the atmosphere is considered an aggregation process, during which stable molecular clusters are formed from amines and sulfuric acid via hydrogen bond interaction. In this work, ab initio dynamics simulations of ammonium bisulfate formation from a series of amines, SO3, and H2O molecules were carried out in the gas phase and at the air-water interface. The results show that reactions between amines and hydrated SO3 molecules in the gas phase are barrierless or nearly barrierless processes. The reaction rate is related to the basicity of gas-phase amines-the stronger the basicity, the faster the reaction. Furthermore, SO3 hydrolysis catalyzed by amines occurs simultaneously with H2SO4-amine cluster formation. At the air-water interface, reactions between amines and SO3 involve multiple water molecules. The reaction center's ring structure (amine-SO3-nH2O) promotes the transfer of protons in the water molecules. The formed ammonium cation (-RNH3+) and the bisulfate anion (HSO4-) are present and stable by means of hydrogen bond interaction. The cluster formation mechanism provides new insights into NPF involving amines, which may play an important role in the formation of aerosols in some heavily polluted areas - e.g., those with a high amine concentration.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Modelos Químicos , Sulfitos/química , Aerossóis , Atmosfera/química , Catálise , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Hidrólise , Prótons , Ácidos Sulfúricos , Água/química
15.
Nat Protoc ; 15(4): 1313-1337, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203487

RESUMO

Reductive aminations are an essential class of reactions widely applied for the preparation of different kinds of amines, as well as a number of pharmaceuticals and industrially relevant compounds. In such reactions, carbonyl compounds (aldehydes, ketones) react with ammonia or amines in the presence of a reducing agent and form corresponding amines. Common catalysts used for reductive aminations, especially for the synthesis of primary amines, are based on precious metals or Raney nickel. However, their drawbacks and limited applicability inspired us to look for alternative catalysts. The development of base-metal nanostructured catalysts is highly preferable and is crucial to the advancement of sustainable and cost-effective reductive amination processes. In this protocol, we describe the preparation of carbon-supported cobalt-based nanoparticles as efficient and practical catalysts for synthesis of different kinds of amines by reductive aminations. Template synthesis of a cobalt-triethylenediamine-terephthalic acid metal-organic framework on carbon and subsequent pyrolysis to remove the organic template resulted in the formation of supported single cobalt atoms and nanoparticles. Applying these catalysts, we have synthesized structurally diverse benzylic, aliphatic and heterocyclic primary, secondary and tertiary amines, including pharmaceutically relevant products, starting from inexpensive and easily accessible carbonyl compounds with ammonia, nitro compounds or amines and molecular hydrogen. To prepare this cobalt-based catalyst takes 26 h, and the reported catalytic reductive amination reactions can be carried out within 18-28 h.


Assuntos
Aminas , Técnicas de Química Sintética/métodos , Cobalto/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Aminação , Aminas/síntese química , Aminas/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química
16.
Food Chem ; 317: 126454, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113140

RESUMO

The reaction efficiency of o-benzoquinones with amines (L-lysine, Nα-acetyl-L-lysine, glycine, L-methionine and L-arginine), thiols (L-cysteine and Nα-acetyl-L-cysteine) and protein (bovine serum albumin) were determined at pH 5.0, 7.0 and 8.0 and scan rate of 10, 50 and 100 mV/s by cyclic voltammetry. Nucleophiles containing multiple nucleophilic groups and nucleophilic group possessing low pKa value would enhance the reactivity of nucleophiles towards o-benzoquinones. The reactivity of different o-benzoquinones with L-lysine/L-cysteine followed the order: protocatechuic acid quinone ≈ catechol quinone > 4-methylbenzoquinone ≈ caffeic acid quinone > rosmarinic acid quinone > chlorogenic acid quinone. The reactivity of quinones would be decreased by the steric hindrance of substituents on quinone ring, and it would also be weakened by enhancing electron cloud density of quinone ring. Adducts generated by the interaction of 4-methylbenzoquinone with amines and thiols were tentatively identified as amine-quinone adduct and thiol-phenol adduct respectively by UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS and cyclic voltammetry.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/química , Benzoquinonas/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Aminas/química , Catecóis/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Cisteína/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Fenóis , Quinonas/química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
J Food Sci ; 85(4): 1361-1370, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147842

RESUMO

The effects of surface application of amino acids on the formation of heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and meat quality properties were evaluated in pan-fried beef patties (230 °C/15 min). Tryptophan, lysine, leucine, and proline at three concentrations, 0.05%, 0.20%, and 0.50% (w/w), were tested. The meat crusts were analyzed for HCA content using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Results showed that surface application of all tested amino acids significantly reduced total HCA content (P < 0.05), and the interaction of amino acid type and concentration significantly affected (P < 0.05) both individual and total HCA formation. Tryptophan at 0.50% reduced total HCAs the most (0.92 ng/g, 93% inhibition), followed by 0.50% lysine (1.94 ng/g, 84% inhibition), while leucine (3.95 ng/g, 64% inhibition) and proline (4.71 ng/g, 56% inhibition) were less effective at 0.50%. In addition, applying amino acids to meat surface significantly influenced (P < 0.05) pH and surface color change of beef crusts; particularly, lysine at 0.20% and 0.50% increased pH and a* (redness) but reduced b* (yellowness), while tryptophan and leucine at 0.50% increased L* (whiteness). No significant effect was observed on cooking loss. Adding amino acids at 0.50% affected (P < 0.05) formation of aldehydes and pyrazines (as the key flavor compounds of fried beef). Overall, the results of this study suggested that adding amino acids to ground beef patties could effectively mitigate mutagenic HCA formation during cooking.


Assuntos
Aminas/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/administração & dosagem , Culinária/métodos , Carne Vermelha/análise , Aminas/química , Aminoácidos/química , Animais , Bovinos , Cromatografia Líquida , Compostos Heterocíclicos , Mutagênicos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
18.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(10): 1881-1885, 2020 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100807

RESUMO

A convenient two-step method is reported for the ligation of alkoxyamine- or hydrazine-bearing cargo to proline N-termini. Using this approach, bifunctional proline N-terminal bioconjugates are constructed and proline N-terminal proteins are immobilized.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Hidrazinas/química , Prolina/química , Proteínas/síntese química , Hidrazonas/síntese química , Cetonas/síntese química , Oxirredução , Oximas/síntese química , Pyrococcus furiosus/química , Vírus do Mosaico do Tabaco/química
19.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(7): 1343-1348, 2020 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003394

RESUMO

Reported herein is a practical route to access synthetically challenging and chemoselective α,α'-diarylmethyl N-glycosides via Sc(OTf)3-catalyzed 1,6-conjugate addition of amino sugars with para-quinone methides (p-QMs). The reactions proceed smoothly without a base and under mild reaction conditions with a broad substrate scope and moderate to good yields.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Benzoquinonas/química , Carboidratos/química , Glicosídeos/síntese química , Glicosídeos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Estereoisomerismo
20.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(7): 1279-1336, 2020 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025682

RESUMO

Enantio- and diastereodivergent routes to marine-origin natural products with different sizes of cyclic ethers and lactones have been used in order to assign stereochemical features. Kainoid amino acids such as isodomoic acids have been synthesized using diastereodivergent routes. The bis(indole) alkaloid dragmacidin F has been prepared by enantiodivergent strategies as well as furanoterpenes and the tetracyclic agelastatin A. Natural products containing five-membered lactones like quercus lactones, muricatacins, goniofufuranones, methylenolactocins and frenolicin B have been synthesized using stereodivergent routes. Macrolides are very abundant lactones and have been mainly prepared from the corresponding seco-acids by lactonization, such as lasiodiplodin, zaeralanes, macrosphelides and haloprins, or by ring-closing metathesis, such as aspercyclides, microcarpalides, macrolides FD-891 and 892, and tetradic-5-en-9-olides. Other natural products including cyclic ethers (such as sesamin, asarinin, acetogenins, centrolobines and nabilones), alcohols (such as sulcatol), esters (such as methyl jasmonates), polycyclic precursors of fredericamycin, amino alcohols (such as ambroxol and sphingosines), isoprostanes, isofurans, polyketide precursors of anachelins, brevicomins, gummiferol, shikimic acid and the related compounds, and the pheromone disparlure have been synthesized stereodivergently. Heterocyclic systems such as epoxides, theobroxides and bromoxones, oxetan-3-ones, 5- to 8-membered cyclic ethers, azetidones, γ-lactams, oxazolidinones, bis(oxazolines), dihydropyridoisoindolines and octahydroisoquinolines have been prepared following stereodivergent routes. Stereodivergent routes to unnatural compounds such as alkenes, dienes, allenes, cyclopropanes, alcohols, aldols, amines, amino alcohols, ß-amino acids, carboxylic acids, lactones, nitriles and α-amino nitriles have been considered as well.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/síntese química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/síntese química , Lactonas/síntese química , Álcoois/síntese química , Álcoois/química , Alcenos/síntese química , Alcenos/química , Aminas/síntese química , Aminas/química , Aminoácidos/síntese química , Aminoácidos/química , Produtos Biológicos/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/síntese química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Lactonas/química , Estrutura Molecular , Nitrilos/síntese química , Nitrilos/química , Estereoisomerismo
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