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1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(12)2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200714

RESUMO

Small knee flexion motion is a characteristic of gait in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. This study examined the relationship between knee flexion excursion in loading response and knee self-perception in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Twenty-one individuals with knee osteoarthritis participated in this study. Knee flexion excursions in loading response while walking at a comfortable and a fast-walking speed were measured using an inertial measurement unit-based motion capture system. The degree of knee perceptual impairment was evaluated using the Fremantle Knee Awareness Questionnaire (FreKAQ). The relationships between the FreKAQ score and gait variables and knee function were evaluated by calculating the correlation coefficient. The unique contributions of knee self-perception and muscle strength to knee flexion excursion in loading response were analyzed using hierarchical linear regression. Knee self-perception was significantly correlated with pain during walking, muscle strength and knee flexion excursion at fast speed. In the fast speed condition only, impaired knee self-perception was inversely proportional to knee flexion excursion and accounted for 21.8% of the variance in knee flexion excursion. This result suggests that impaired self-perception of the knee may help to explain the decrease in the knee flexion excursion in the loading response in individuals with knee osteoarthritis.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Estudos Transversais , Marcha , Humanos , Joelho , Articulação do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Autoimagem , Caminhada
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(25): 1978-1984, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225419

RESUMO

Objectives: To compare the clinical effect of alternative-level and all-level Arch mini-plate fixation in patients undergoing unilateral open-door laminoplasty. Methods: Clinical data of 134 patients administrated in the Peking University International Hospital for multistage cervical spondylotic myelopathy from March 2015 to March 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 63 males and 71 females with an average age of (62±8) years and a mean disease course of (18±7) months (3-37 months). All the patients underwent posterior cervical unilateral open-door laminoplasty with Arch titanium plate fixation. All the patients were divided into two groups according to the different amount of titanium plates used during operation as follow: group A, Arch plates were fixed at the door sides of C3, C5 and C7 (n=68) and group B, Arch plates were fixed at the door sides of C3, C4, C5, C6 and C7 (n=66). Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospitalization days and the cost of consumables, the Japanese orthopaedic association (JOA) score, cervical dysfunction index (NDI), the rates of improved JOA score, cervical curvature index, C2-7 Cobb angle, cervical range of motion, sagittal diameter of vertebral canal, opening angle of laminar, hinges bone healing and surgery related complications (axial symptoms, C5 nerve root palsy, screw loosening, laminar re-closing, cervical kyphosis, etc.) were recorded and compared between the two groups. Results: There was no complications during the operation, and the mean follow-up was (20±8) months (14-48 months). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of gender, age, course of disease and compression segments (all P>0.05). There was no statistically significant differences between the two groups in operation time, intraoperative blood loss and postoperative hospital stay too (all P>0.05). The cost of consumables in group A was (34 970±1 325) yuan, and it was (57 450±2 161) yuan in group B, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.01). The JOA and NDI score were significantly improved 3 months and 1 year after operation in both groups (both P<0.05). The sagittal diameter of each segment of the spinal canal at C3, C4, C5, C6 and C7 were all significantly increased in both groups 3 months and 1 year after surgery (all P<0.05). The C2-7 Cobb angle and cervical curvature index were all significantly reduced in both groups 3 months and 1 year after surgery (all P<0.05). The cervical range of motion in both groups was significantly reduced 3 months and 1 year after surgery compared with that before surgery (both P<0.05). The range of motion of the cervical spine in group A was significantly higher than that in group B (P<0.05). The opening angles of C4 and C6 segment lamina in group A 3 months and 1 year after operation were significantly lower than those in group B (all P<0.05). At 3 months after the operation, the hinges healing rate of C4 and C6 in group B was significantly better than that of group A (both P<0.05). At 1 year after the operation, there was no difference in the hinges healing rate of C4 and C6 in the two groups (both P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in postoperative complications between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: The safety and early clinical efficacy of alternative-level and all-level Arch titanium plate fixation in posterior cervical unilateral open-door laminoplasty are comparable, alternative-level fixation can effectively reduce the cost of hospitalization. The open Angle loss and lower early hinges healing rate of the non-fixed segment in the alternative-level fixed group does not lead to laminar re-closing in early period of post operation.


Assuntos
Laminoplastia , Idoso , Placas Ósseas , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(6)2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201120

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Early intensive exercise after total knee replacement arthroplasty (TKRA) has become increasingly popular due to its ability to enhance knee physical function and reduce pain. When implemented exclusively, aquatic exercise (AE) appears to be more advantageous than land exercise (LE), particularly in the early phase after TKRA. Our study aimed to compare the clinical efficacy of AE and LE with respect to their effects on pain and physical function after TKRA. Materials and Methods: Between February 2008 and January 2020, 100 female patients who underwent TKRA were enrolled in this retrospective study. We measured the range of motion (ROM) of the knee, the isokinetic strength of the knee joint (function), and pain both initially and one month after TKRA. Two weeks after TKRA, the participants were enrolled in either the AE or the LE program for a total of two weeks. Two 30 min sessions of intensive ROM and knee strengthening exercises and balance training were provided to the AE and LE groups for 10 days. The home exercise group (HE) only received information on ROM and strengthening exercises. There were 33, 21, and 46 patients allocated to the AE, LE, and HE groups, respectively. Results: The ROM of the side on which surgery was performed improved significantly in all groups, as did the pain scores. In the AE group, the knee flexor strength showed a tendency toward improvement. Contrastingly, there was no significant improvement in the knee extensor strength in the AE group. Conclusions: Overall, the AE and LE groups showed superior outcomes compared with HE. In addition, the AE group demonstrated some improvement in knee muscle strength even with a short hospital stay. Further study with long-term follow-up should be performed to better define the outcomes.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Idoso , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Força Muscular , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1292-1300, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192923

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical results, long-term survival, and complication rates of stemless shoulder prosthesis with stemmed anatomical shoulder prostheses for treatment of osteoarthritis and to analyze radiological bone changes around the implants during follow-up. METHODS: A total of 161 patients treated with either a stemmed or a stemless shoulder arthroplasty for primary osteoarthritis of the shoulder were evaluated with a mean follow-up of 118 months (102 to 158). The Constant score (CS), the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score, and active range of motion (ROM) were recorded. Radiological analysis for bone adaptations was performed by plain radiographs. A Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis was calculated and complications were noted. RESULTS: The ROM (p < 0.001), CS (p < 0.001), and DASH score (p < 0.001) showed significant improvements after shoulder arthroplasty for both implants. There were no differences between the groups treated with stemmed or stemless shoulder prosthesis with respect to the mean CS (79.2 (35 to 118) vs 74.4 (31 to 99); p = 0.519) and DASH scores (11.4 (8 to 29) vs 13.2 (7 to 23); p = 0.210). The ten-year unadjusted cumulative survival rate was 95.3% for the stemmed anatomical shoulder prosthesis and 91.5% for the stemless shoulder prosthesis and did not differ between the treatment groups (p = 0.251). The radiological evaluation of the humeral components in both groups did not show loosening of the humeral implant. The main reason for revision for each type of arthroplasties were complications related to the glenoid. CONCLUSION: The use of anatomical stemless shoulder prosthesis yielded good and reliable results and did not differ from anatomical stemmed shoulder prosthesis over a mean period of ten years. The differences in periprosthetic humeral bone adaptations between both implants have no clinical impact during the follow-up. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1292-1300.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Falha de Prótese , Prótese de Ombro/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Desenho de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
5.
BMJ ; 374: n1506, 2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess function, quality of life, resource use, and complications in adults treated with plaster cast immobilisation versus a removable brace for ankle fracture. DESIGN: Multicentre randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 20 trauma units in the UK National Health Service. PARTICIPANTS: 669 adults aged 18 years and older with an acute ankle fracture suitable for cast immobilisation: 334 were randomised to a plaster cast and 335 to a removable brace. INTERVENTIONS: A below the knee cast was applied and ankle range of movement exercises started on cast removal. The removable brace was fitted, and ankle range of movement exercises were started immediately. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome was the Olerud Molander ankle score at 16 weeks, analysed by intention to treat. Secondary outcomes were Manchester-Oxford foot questionnaire, disability rating index, quality of life, and complications at 6, 10, and 16 weeks. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 46 years (SD 17 years) and 381 (57%) were women. 502 (75%) participants completed the study. No statistically significant difference was found in the Olerud Molander ankle score between the cast and removable brace groups at 16 weeks (favours brace: 1.8, 95% confidence interval -2.0 to 5.6). No clinically significant differences were found in the Olerud Molander ankle scores at other time points, in the secondary unadjusted, imputed, or per protocol analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Traditional plaster casting was not found to be superior to functional bracing in adults with an ankle fracture. No statistically difference was found in the Olerud Molander ankle score between the trial arms at 16 weeks. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN registry ISRCTN15537280.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo/terapia , Braquetes , Moldes Cirúrgicos , Adulto , Fraturas do Tornozelo/diagnóstico , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido
6.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 129-134, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192904

RESUMO

AIMS: Improvements in functional results and long-term survival are variable following conversion of hip fusion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) and complications are high. The aim of the study was to analyze the clinical and functional results in patients who underwent conversion of hip fusion to THA using a consistent technique and uncemented implants. METHODS: A total of 39 hip fusion conversions to THA were undertaken in 38 patients by a single surgeon employing a consistent surgical technique and uncemented implants. Parameters assessed included Harris Hip Score (HHS) for function, range of motion (ROM), leg length discrepancy (LLD), satisfaction, and use of walking aid. Radiographs were reviewed for loosening, subsidence, and heterotopic ossification (HO). Postoperative complications and implant survival were assessed. RESULTS: At mean 12.2 years (2 to 24) follow-up, HHS improved from mean 34.2 (20.8 to 60.5) to 75 (53.6 to 94.0; p < 0.001). Mean postoperative ROM was flexion 77° (50° to 95°), abduction 30° (10° to 40°), adduction 20° (5° to 25°), internal rotation 18° (2° to 30°), and external rotation 17° (5° to 30°). LLD improved from mean -3.36 cm (0 to 8) to postoperative mean -1.14 cm (0 to 4; p < 0.001). Postoperatively, 26 patients (68.4%) required the use of a walking aid. Complications included one (2.5%) dislocation, two (5.1%) partial sciatic nerve injuries, one (2.5%) deep periprosthetic joint infection, two instances of (5.1%) acetabular component aseptic loosening, two (5.1%) periprosthetic fractures, and ten instances of HO (40%), of which three (7.7%) were functionally limiting and required excision. Kaplan-Meier Survival was 97.1% (95% confidence interval (CI) 91.4% to 100%) at ten years and 88.2% (95% CI 70.96 to 100) at 15 years with implant revision for aseptic loosening as endpoint and 81.7% (95% CI 70.9% to 98.0%) at ten years and 74.2% (95% CI 55.6 to 92.8) at 15 years follow-up with implant revision for all cause failure as endpoint. CONCLUSION: The use of an optimal and consistent surgical technique and cementless implants can result in significant functional improvement, low complication rates, long-term implant survival, and high patient satisfaction following conversion of hip fusion to THA. The possibility of requiring a walking aid should be discussed with the patient before surgery. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):129-134.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Desigualdade de Membros Inferiores/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ossificação Heterotópica/epidemiologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Falha de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 59-65, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192919

RESUMO

AIMS: Cross-table lateral (CTL) radiographs are commonly used to measure acetabular component anteversion after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The CTL measurements may differ by > 10° from CT scan measurements but the reasons for this discrepancy are poorly understood. Anteversion measurements from CTL radiographs and CT scans are compared to identify spinopelvic parameters predictive of inaccuracy. METHODS: THA patients (n = 47; 27 males, 20 females; mean age 62.9 years (SD 6.95)) with preoperative spinopelvic mobility, radiological analysis, and postoperative CT scans were retrospectively reviewed. Acetabular component anteversion was measured on postoperative CTL radiographs and CT scans using 3D reconstructions of the pelvis. Two cohorts were identified based on a CTL-CT error of ≥ 10° (n = 11) or < 10° (n = 36). Spinopelvic mobility parameters were compared using independent-samples t-tests. Correlation between error and mobility parameters were assessed with Pearson's coefficient. RESULTS: Patients with CTL error > 10° (10° to 14°) had stiffer lumbar spines with less mean lumbar flexion (38.9°(SD 11.6°) vs 47.4° (SD 13.1°); p = 0.030), different sagittal balance measured by pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis mismatch (5.9° (SD 18.8°) vs -1.7° (SD 9.8°); p = 0.042), more pelvic extension when seated (pelvic tilt -9.7° (SD 14.1°) vs -2.2° (SD 13.2°); p = 0.050), and greater change in pelvic tilt between supine and seated positions (12.6° (SD 12.1°) vs 4.7° (SD 12.5°); p = 0.036). The CTL measurement error showed a positive correlation with increased CTL anteversion (r = 0.5; p = 0.001), standing lordosis (r = 0.23; p = 0.050), seated lordosis (r = 0.4; p = 0.009), and pelvic tilt change between supine and step-up positions (r = 0.34; p = 0.010). CONCLUSION: Differences in spinopelvic mobility may explain the variability of acetabular anteversion measurements made on CTL radiographs. Patients with stiff spines and increased compensatory pelvic movement have less accurate measurements on CTL radiographs. Flexion of the contralateral hip is required to obtain clear CTL radiographs. In patients with lumbar stiffness, this movement may extend the pelvis and increase anteversion of the acetabulum on CTL views. Reliable analysis of acetabular component anteversion in this patient population may require advanced imaging with a CT scan. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):59-65.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/fisiopatologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Acta Biomed ; 92(3): e2021180, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Fractures of the distal radius are a common injury and mal-union can occur in those managed non-operatively. This can cause significant functional limitations along with pain. A corrective osteotomy with the use of a volar locking plate aims to restore articular surface congruency and improve outcomes. We present our local experience with clinical, functional and radiological outcomes of corrective osteotomy using a fixed angle volar locking plate and bone graft for management of distal radius mal-union. METHODS: Retrospective study. All adult patients. Both pre and post operatively clinical range of motion was recorded. Post operative PROMS was measure by DASH, MAYO and SF-12 and pain by means of a VAS measured from 0-10. Mean follow up period was at 15 months. RESULTS: 32 patients underwent the studied procedure. 24F-8F. Mean age: 56. Radiological union of corrective osteotomy: 28 (88%) of patients. 4 patients required further operative treatment to achieve corrective union. No other reported complications post-op. Post-operatively flexion improved by 24 and extension 20. Pronation was improved by 24 and supination 22. Pain was improved from an average VAS pre-operative of 5.6 to 1.6 post-operatively. Mean DASH scored improved from 57.8 to 16.2 post-operatively and MAYO 38.5 to 58.6. The mean post-operative SF-12 score was 46.2 from 31. CONCLUSIONS: In this series of 32 patients (the biggest reported in the literature in our knowledge) a  corrective osteotomy with fixed-angle volar locking plate for mal-united distal radius has shown to improve both clinical-radiological and patient reported outcomes and provide good results of the very few complications' treatments.


Assuntos
Fraturas Mal-Unidas , Fraturas do Rádio , Adulto , Placas Ósseas , Seguimentos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Mal-Unidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Mal-Unidas/cirurgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteotomia , Rádio (Anatomia) , Fraturas do Rádio/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(6)2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204366

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of physiotherapy with aerobic exercise together with temporomandibular joint range of motion exercises (supervised) and physiotherapy with aerobic exercise only (unsupervised), also to review the correlations between neck movements, pain, temporomandibular joint range of motion movements and quality of life in individuals with migraine. Methods: The flexion, extension and lateral flexion of the cervical spine were measured in degrees with a mechanical goniometer and pressure pain thresholds with algometer. Quality of life was assessed with the SF-36 questionnaire and temporomandibular joint range of motion with a centimeter. Results: The study showed statistically significant cervical flexion results in both groups (p < 0.05), masticatory muscle results and temporomandibular joint range of motion between the groups (p < 0.05). A correlation between left upper trapezius muscle pain and cervical lateral flexion was observed in the intervention group. Physical activity correlated with cervical extension, activity limitation due to physical ailments and general health. A correlation between temporomandibular joint and right-side masticatory muscles pain was found. A correlation between upper trapezius muscle pain and left- as well as right-side temporalis muscles were found in the control group. Strong correlations were found between pain and activity limitation due to physical ailments and emotional state. The temporomandibular joint range of motion strongly correlated with activity limitation due to physical ailments. Conclusions: Physiotherapy based on aerobic exercises together with temporomandibular joint exercises was more effective than physiotherapy based on aerobic exercise for decreasing pain, increasing pressure pain thresholds and cervical range of motion.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia , Cervicalgia/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Projetos Piloto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Articulação Temporomandibular
10.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 613, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Management of comminuted radial fractures remains controversial. Currently, the emergence of on-table reconstruction technique has made fixation in comminuted radial head fractures more viable. However, the present study reported an intro-operative unstable displacement from the reconstructed radial head to the neck during plate fixation, characterized by a poor radiocapitellar contact and incongruity between the radial head and neck. A hybrid technique combining with intramedullary pining was performed in our study to restore the normal alignment and maintain the stability of fixation. Therefore, the purpose of this article aimed to prove the feasibility of unstable comminuted radial head fractures treated with the extramedullary plate and intramedullary pinning fixation using titanium elastic nails. METHODS: The clinical, functional and radiographic outcomes of the groups were compared during follow-up. The radiographic examination was conducted to evaluate the status of bone union, heterotopic ossification and post-traumatic arthritis. The functional assessment was performed to evaluate clinical effects, which included measurements of range of motion (ROM) in the elbow, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score, Elbow Self-Assessment score (ESAS), Mayo Elbow Performance score (MEPS), and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH)Outcome Measure score. RESULTS: Thirteen patients with unstable fractures were participated with an average follow-up of (38.6 ± 4.5) months for the experimental group and (32.0 ± 6.3) months for the control group, respectively. The functional outcomes in the experimental group, including MEPS and DASH, were significantly superior to the control group. However, no significant difference was observed in the elbow ROM and VAS score between two groups. In the last follow-up, one patient with post-traumatic arthritis rated as grades 1 and two with heterotopic ossifications were observed in the experimental group. In the control group, degenerative changes were observed in three cases (grade 1 in two cases and grade 2 in one case) and heterotopic ossifications rated as grade I were found in two patients. CONCLUSION: Collectively, intramedullary pinning with extramedullary plate fixation is feasible in unstable comminuted radial head fractures, which can be considered as a remedial surgery for on-table reconstruction technique.


Assuntos
Articulação do Cotovelo , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas Cominutivas , Fraturas do Rádio , Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Cominutivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Cominutivas/cirurgia , Humanos , Fraturas do Rádio/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Clin Neurosci ; 90: 317-324, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275569

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine age-related changes and sex-specific differences in sagittal alignment, range of motion (ROM), and intervertebral disc height of the thoracolumbar spine in healthy subjects. Lateral neutral and flexion-extension radiographs of the thoracolumbar spine of 627 asymptomatic subjects (307 males and 320 females; average age, 49.6 ±â€¯16.5 years) were evaluated. We included at least 50 males and 50 females in each decade of life between the 20s and the 70s. Intervertebral disc height from T10/T11 to L5/S1, local lordotic alignment, and ROM from T10-T11 to L5-S1 were measured. T10-L2 kyphosis and T12-S1 lordosis as well as flexion, extension, and total ROM were measured. T10-L2 kyphosis did not markedly change with age in subjects of either sex but a sudden increase was noted in the 70s females. T12-S1 lordosis increased with age in both sexes, except the 70s. Flexion, extension, and total ROM at T10-L2 and T12-S1 decreased with age in most subjects. The levels from L3-L4 to L5-S1 were conspicuous as mobile segments. Intervertebral disc height gradually increased from T10/T11 to L4/L5; the shortest was at T10/T11 and the longest at L3/L4 or L4/L5 in all subjects. Age-related decreases in intervertebral disc height were most prominent at L4/L5 in middle-aged and elderly individuals of both sexes. Normative values of sagittal alignment, ROM, and intervertebral disc height at each segmental level were established in both sexes and all age groups in healthy subjects.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Vértebras Torácicas/patologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Cifose/patologia , Lordose/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Caracteres Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
12.
Yonsei Med J ; 62(8): 743-749, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296552

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the results of using knotless and knot-tying suture anchors in arthroscopic Bankart repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair between 2011 and 2017 using knot-tying and knotless suture anchors were retrospectively reviewed. We collected demographic data, clinical scores (pain visual analogue scale), functional visual analogue scale, American Shoulder and Elbow Society scores, and Rowe score), and range of motion (ROM). Re-dislocation and subjective anterior apprehension test rates between the two techniques were also analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 154 patients who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair, 115 patients (knot-tying group: n=61 and knotless group: n=54) were included in this study. Of the 115 patients, 102 were male and 13 were female. The mean patient age was 27 years (range: 17-60), and the mean follow-up period was 43 months (range: 24-99). There were no significant differences in the final clinical scores and ROM between the two groups. Re-dislocation was observed in 6 (9.8%) and 4 (7.3%) patients in the knot-tying and knotless groups, respectively. Apprehension was observed in 11 (18.0%) and 12 (22.2%) patients in the knot-tying and knotless groups, respectively. There were no significant differences between the two groups in regards to re-dislocation and anterior apprehension. CONCLUSION: Re-dislocation rates and clinical scores were similar with the use of knotless and knot-tying suture anchors in arthroscopic Bankart repair after a minimal 2 year follow-up.


Assuntos
Âncoras de Sutura , Técnicas de Sutura , Artroscopia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204694

RESUMO

Older adults are at a high risk of falling due to age-related degradations in physical fitness. This study aimed to examine the effects of a modified tap dance program (MTD) on ankle function and postural control in older adults. Forty-four healthy older adults (mean age = 64.1 years, with 9 men) were recruited from local communities and were randomly divided into the MTD group and the control (CON) group. The MTD group received 12 weeks of MTD training 3 times per week for 30 min per session. Outcomes were measured using the five times sit-to-stand test (FTSST) for ankle strength, the universal goniometer for ankle range of motion, and the Footscan® to trace the center of pressure. Results revealed significant improvements in FTSST in the MTD group (mean difference = 1.01), plantar flexion (left = 9.10, right = 10.0). In addition, the MTD group displayed significantly more improvements at midtest than the CON group in FTSST (mean difference = 1.51) and plantar flexion (mean difference: left = 6.10; right = 4.5). Therefore, the MTD can be an effective exercise program for ankle function improvement, but it has limited effects on improving postural control among healthy older adults.


Assuntos
Dança , Equilíbrio Postural , Idoso , Tornozelo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aptidão Física , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
14.
J Int Med Res ; 49(7): 3000605211024875, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229518

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of high-dose prednisolone on the functional outcome of patients with early-stage primary frozen shoulder. METHODS: Eighteen patients treated with oral prednisolone at an initial dose of 1 mg/kg/day for primary frozen shoulder were retrospectively evaluated. The patients' range of motion, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score, Constant-Murley score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and visual analog scale score were recorded at baseline and at 4 weeks and 6 months after treatment. RESULTS: Rapid recovery of shoulder motion was noted at 4 weeks with the exception of abduction, which was maintained at 6 months. Significant improvement in pain perception and the Constant-Murley score was evident at 4 weeks and extended to 6 months. The DASH and ASES scores did not show significant improvement in the first 4 weeks but were significantly improved at 6 months. CONCLUSION: High-dose oral prednisolone treatment provides rapid symptom resolution that persists long after drug discontinuation. The early treatment period is characterized by marked reduction in pain and rapid recovery of shoulder motion. Improvements in functional outcomes and disability indices tend to be more subtle in the early period but significantly improve during late treatment.


Assuntos
Bursite , Corticosteroides , Bursite/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(27): e26572, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232202

RESUMO

CONTEXT: There are no scientific reports unambiguously describing the efficacy of alternating magnetic field therapy in patients after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in the early postoperative period. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of using an alternating magnetic field in the resorption of postoperative joint effusion in patients after ACL reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Inpatients. PARTICIPANTS: Forty patients were enrolled in the trial. However, the final study group consisted of 38 patients (28 men and 10 women) after ACL reconstruction who were randomly divided into an experimental group (19 patients) and a control group (19 patients). INTERVENTION: Each group received magnetic field therapy in the postoperative period, but only 1 apparatus emitted a magnetic field (the experimental group). Patients used the apparatus every day for 30 minutes for the next 11 days. The parameters in both devices were the same-3 mT and 10 Hz. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The measurement of the knee circumference and range of motion were made. The knee circumference measurement was performed before magnetic field therapy began and for 11 days after magnetic field treatment. The active knee range of motion was evaluated before and after magnetic field therapy was completed. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between the groups in the reduction of post-operative joint effusion or knee joint function. CONCLUSION: In patients after ACL reconstruction, in whom an alternating magnetic field was used to treat postoperative joint effusion, there were no beneficial effects on the analyzed variables compared to the control group.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/efeitos adversos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Campos Magnéticos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(14)2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34300485

RESUMO

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS), the leading form of inherited intellectual disability and autism, is characterized by specific musculoskeletal conditions. We hypothesized that gait analysis in FXS could be relevant for the evaluation of motor control of gait, and help the understanding of a possible correlation between functional and intellectual abilities. Typical deficits in executive control and hyperactivity have hampered the use of standard gait analysis. The aim of our study was to quantitatively assess musculoskeletal alterations in FXS children in standard ambulatory conditions, in a friendly environment. Ten FXS children and sixteen controls, with typical neurodevelopment, were evaluated through four synchronized video cameras and surface electromyography; lower limb joints rotations, spatiotemporal parameters, duration of muscle contraction, activation timing and envelope peaks were determined. Reliability and repeatability of the video based kinematics analysis was assessed with respect to stereophotogrammetry. The Kruskal-Wallis Test (p < 0.05) or SPM1D were used to compare different groups of subjects. Results show a consistently altered gait pattern associated with abnormal muscle activity in FXS subjects: reduced knee and excessive hip and ankle flexion, and altered duration and activity onset on all the recorded muscles (Rectus/Biceps Femoris, Tibialis Anterior, Gastrocnemius Lateralis). Results of this study could help with planning personalized rehabilitations.


Assuntos
Marcha , Músculo Esquelético , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Criança , Eletromiografia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(14)2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34300534

RESUMO

The detection of gait abnormalities is essential for professionals involved in the rehabilitation of walking disorders. Instrumented treadmills are spreading as an alternative to overground gait analysis. To date, the use of these instruments for recording kinematic gait parameters is still limited in clinical practice due to the lack of validation studies. This study aims to investigate the performance of a multi-sensor instrumented treadmill (i.e., WalkerViewTM, WV) for performing gait analysis. Seventeen participants performed a single gait test on the WV at three different speeds (i.e., 3 km/h, 5 km/h, and 6.6 km/h). In each trial, spatiotemporal and kinematic parameters were recorded simultaneously by the WV and by a motion capture system used as the reference. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of spatiotemporal parameters showed fair to excellent agreement at the three walking speeds for steps time, cadence, and step length (range 0.502-0.996); weaker levels of agreement were found for stance and swing time at all the tested walking speeds. Bland-Altman analysis of spatiotemporal parameters showed a mean of difference (MOD) maximum value of 0.04 s for swing/stance time and WV underestimation of 2.16 cm for step length. As for kinematic variables, ICC showed fair to excellent agreement (ICC > 0.5) for total range of motion (ROM) of hip at 3 km/h (range 0.579-0.735); weaker levels of ICC were found at 5 km/h and 6.6 km/h (range 0.219-0.447). ICC values of total knee ROM showed poor levels of agreement at all the tested walking speeds. Bland-Altman analysis of hip ROM revealed a higher MOD value at higher speeds up to 3.91°; the MOD values of the knee ROM were always higher than 7.67° with a 60° mean value of ROM. We demonstrated that the WV is a valid tool for analyzing the spatiotemporal parameters of walking and assessing the hip's total ROM. Knee total ROM and all kinematic peak values should be carefully evaluated, having shown lower levels of agreement.


Assuntos
Marcha , Caminhada , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Teste de Esforço , Humanos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Análise Espaço-Temporal
18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(14)2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34300540

RESUMO

Wrist motion provides an important metric for disease monitoring and occupational risk assessment. The collection of wrist kinematics in occupational or other real-world environments could augment traditional observational or video-analysis based assessment. We have developed a low-cost 3D printed wearable device, capable of being produced on consumer grade desktop 3D printers. Here we present a preliminary validation of the device against a gold standard optical motion capture system. Data were collected from 10 participants performing a static angle matching task while seated at a desk. The wearable device output was significantly correlated with the optical motion capture system yielding a coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.991 and 0.972 for flexion/extension (FE) and radial/ulnar deviation (RUD) respectively (p < 0.0001). Error was similarly low with a root mean squared error of 4.9° (FE) and 3.9° (RUD). Agreement between the two systems was quantified using Bland-Altman analysis, with bias and 95% limits of agreement of 3.1° ± 7.4° and -0.16° ± 7.7° for FE and RUD, respectively. These results compare favourably with current methods for occupational assessment, suggesting strong potential for field implementation.


Assuntos
Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Punho , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Impressão Tridimensional , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Articulação do Punho
19.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 637, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare the conservative and accelerated rehabilitation protocols in patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in terms of clinical outcomes and range of motions at 3, 6, 12, and 24-month follow-up. METHODS: According to PRISMA guidelines, a systematic review of the literature was performed. For each included article, the following data has been extracted: authors, year, study design, level of evidence, demographic characteristics, follow-up, clinical outcomes, range of motions, and retear events. A meta-analysis was performed to compare accelerated versus conservative rehabilitation protocols after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. The retear rate, postoperative Constant-Murley score and range of motions at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months of follow-up were the outcomes measured. RESULTS: The search strategy yielded 16 level I-II clinical studies. A total of 1424 patients, with 732 patients and 692 in the accelerated and conservative group, were included. The average age (mean ± standard deviation) was 56.1 ± 8.7 and 56.6 ± 9 in the accelerated and conservative group. The mean follow-up was 12.5 months, ranging from 2 to 24 months. The meta-analysis showed no statistically significant differences in terms of retear rate between the groups (P = 0.29). The superiority of the accelerated group was demonstrated in terms of external rotation (P < 0.05) at 3-month follow-up; in terms of forward elevation, external rotation, abduction (P < 0.05), but not in terms of Constant-Murley score at 6-month follow-up; in terms of forward elevation (P < 0.05) at 12-month follow-up. No significant differences between the two group were highlighted at 24-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: No statistically significant differences in the retear rate among the accelerated and conservative group have been demonstrated. On the other hand, statistically and clinically significant differences were found in terms of external rotation at 3 and 6 months of follow-up in favour of the accelerated group. However, no differences between the two groups were detected at 24 months follow-up.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Manguito Rotador , Artroscopia , Humanos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 35(7): 836-840, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308590

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate effectiveness of picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) in lateral wedge osteotomy for cubitus varus deformity in teenagers. Methods: A clinical data of 16 teenagers with cubitus varus deformity between July 2014 and July 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. All patients were treated with lateral wedge osteotomy and fixed with plate. Before operation, the osteotomy design (the osteotomy angle and length) was done in the PACS, including the carrying angle of healthy limb and the varus angle of affected side. There were 10 males and 6 females, with an average age of 11.4 years (range, 10-17 years). The disease duration ranged from 2 to 10 years (mean, 5.6 years). The preoperative X-ray film showed that the supracondylar fractures of the humerus had all healed, and 9 cases had internal rotation deformity; the varus angle of the affected side was 19.5°-33.5°. After operation, the fracture healing and cubitus varus deformity correction were observed by X-ray films, the elbow function was evaluated by Mayo scoring, and the elbow range of motion was detected. Results: There was no significant difference between the actual intraoperative osteotomy angle and length and the preoperative design ( P>0.05). The hospital stay was 2-8 days, with an average of 4.5 days. No complication such as incision infection or ulnar nerve injury occurred. All 16 cases were followed up 12-18 months, with an average of 14 months. X-ray films showed that the osteotomy healed at 2-7 months after operation, with an average of 2.5 months. The internal fixators were removed within 8-14 months after operation (mean, 12.0 months). X-ray films measurement showed that the carrying angle of the affected side recovered to (10.3±2.0)° at 1 day after operation, which was not significantly different from that of the healthy side [(10.6±1.5)°] before operation ( t=0.480, P=0.637). The carrying angle of the affected side was (9.8±2.6)° at 1 year after operation, which was not significantly different from that of the healthy side [(10.4±1.6)°] at the same time point ( t=0.789, P=0.438). At 1 year after operation, the ranges of flexion and extension of affected side were (131.6±8.4)° and (6.4±2.6)°, respectively; and the ranges of flexion and extension of healthy side were (134.2±6.3)° and (5.9±2.2)°, respectively. There was no significant difference between the healthy and affected sides ( t=1.143, P=0.262; t=0.587, P=0.561). The elbow joint function at 1 year after operation evaluated by Mayo scoring standard rated as excellent in 9 cases, good in 6 cases, and fair in 1 case, and the excellent and good rate was 93.7%. Conclusion: Before lateral wedge osteotomy, the PACS is used to design the osteotomy angle and length, which can guide the operation and make the osteotomy more accurate and simple.


Assuntos
Articulação do Cotovelo , Fraturas do Úmero , Deformidades Articulares Adquiridas , Sistemas de Informação em Radiologia , Adolescente , Placas Ósseas , Criança , Cotovelo , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Deformidades Articulares Adquiridas/etiologia , Deformidades Articulares Adquiridas/cirurgia , Masculino , Osteotomia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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