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1.
Lancet ; 396(10256): 977-989, 2020 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Manipulation under anaesthesia and arthroscopic capsular release are costly and invasive treatments for frozen shoulder, but their effectiveness remains uncertain. We compared these two surgical interventions with early structured physiotherapy plus steroid injection. METHODS: In this multicentre, pragmatic, three-arm, superiority randomised trial, patients referred to secondary care for treatment of primary frozen shoulder were recruited from 35 hospital sites in the UK. Participants were adults (≥18 years) with unilateral frozen shoulder, characterised by restriction of passive external rotation (≥50%) in the affected shoulder. Participants were randomly assigned (2:2:1) to receive manipulation under anaesthesia, arthroscopic capsular release, or early structured physiotherapy. In manipulation under anaesthesia, the surgeon manipulated the affected shoulder to stretch and tear the tight capsule while the participant was under general anaesthesia, supplemented by a steroid injection. Arthroscopic capsular release, also done under general anaesthesia, involved surgically dividing the contracted anterior capsule in the rotator interval, followed by manipulation, with optional steroid injection. Both forms of surgery were followed by postprocedural physiotherapy. Early structured physiotherapy involved mobilisation techniques and a graduated home exercise programme supplemented by a steroid injection. Both early structured physiotherapy and postprocedural physiotherapy involved 12 sessions during up to 12 weeks. The primary outcome was the Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS; 0-48) at 12 months after randomisation, analysed by initial randomisation group. We sought a target difference of 5 OSS points between physiotherapy and either form of surgery, or 4 points between manipulation and capsular release. The trial registration is ISRCTN48804508. FINDINGS: Between April 1, 2015, and Dec 31, 2017, we screened 914 patients, of whom 503 (55%) were randomly assigned. At 12 months, OSS data were available for 189 (94%) of 201 participants assigned to manipulation (mean estimate 38·3 points, 95% CI 36·9 to 39·7), 191 (94%) of 203 participants assigned to capsular release (40·3 points, 38·9 to 41·7), and 93 (94%) of 99 participants assigned to physiotherapy (37·2 points, 35·3 to 39·2). The mean group differences were 2·01 points (0·10 to 3·91) between the capsular release and manipulation groups, 3·06 points (0·71 to 5·41) between capsular release and physiotherapy, and 1·05 points (-1·28 to 3·39) between manipulation and physiotherapy. Eight serious adverse events were reported with capsular release and two with manipulation. At a willingness-to-pay threshold of £20 000 per quality-adjusted life-year, manipulation under anaesthesia had the highest probability of being cost-effective (0·8632, compared with 0·1366 for physiotherapy and 0·0002 for capsular release). INTERPRETATION: All mean differences on the assessment of shoulder pain and function (OSS) at the primary endpoint of 12 months were less than the target differences. Therefore, none of the three interventions were clinically superior. Arthoscopic capsular release carried higher risks, and manipulation under anaesthesia was the most cost-effective. FUNDING: The National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment programme.


Assuntos
Bursite/terapia , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Liberação da Cápsula Articular , Manipulação Ortopédica , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Atenção Secundária à Saúde , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22520, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no consensus in existing literature on the pulse power, application time, frequency and the dose of energy of laser therapy for the patients. Therefore, we conducted this research for the assessment of safety and efficiency of ultrasound and high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) in the lumbar disc herniation (LDH) patients. METHODS: Our present research was approved by the institutional review board in the West China-Guangan Hospital. All the participants would acquire the written informed consent. From December 2020 to December 2021, we will conduct a prospective evaluation via a senior surgeon for 1 hundred LDH patients who plan to undergo the conservative treatment at our hospital. In this research, the inclusion criteria contained: the patients with lumbar disc herniation diagnosed by lumbar MRI; the patients with no history of trauma or congenital abnormalities; and the patients with sufficient psychological ability to understand and then answer the questions raised in assessment scale. The participants were randomly divided into the control group or HILT group after performing the examination of baseline. The main outcome was the pain score of visual analog scale. The other results contained the adverse effects, back range of motion as well as functional scores. CONCLUSIONS: We assumed that the HILT is as effective as the ultrasound therapy in treating pain for LDH. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5975).


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/fisiopatologia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/terapia , Terapia a Laser/efeitos adversos , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares , Medição da Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Terapia por Ultrassom/efeitos adversos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22535, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019460

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Adolescent wrist trauma can cause epiphyseal dysplasia and even distal radius deformity malunion. At present, there is no uniform treatment standard for the malunion of the distal radius of adolescents. Osteotomy and autologous bone grafting are currently one of the effective ways to treat the disease. We treated an adolescent patient with distal radius deformity malunion, and used this surgical method to treat the patient and achieved satisfactory results. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 16-year-old boy suffered from a serious distal radius deformity after trauma of the left wrist 8 years ago. DIAGNOSES: Physical examination, X-rays examination, high-resolution computed tomography scan, and 3-dimensional reconstruction images of the affected limb helped us diagnose the distal radius fracture malunion. INTERVENTIONS: The fracture malunion was treated by osteotomy and autologous iliac bone grafting. OUTCOMES: At the 2-year follow-up, wrist flexion returned to 68°, wrist dorsiflexion to 55°, radial deviation to 14°, ulnar deviation to 12°, forearm pronation to 75°, supination to 67°. Grip strength increased to 35.1 kg after 2 years of operation, recovered to 87% of the uninjured side. Quick DASH score at 2-year follow-up was 9. No complication, such as nonunion or infection, was observed. LESSONS: This rare case provides valuable insights for hand surgeons. High-resolution computed tomography scan and 3-dimensional reconstruction can help us effectively diagnose wrist diseases. Small lesions on the articular surface of the distal radius will change the position and function of the wrist joint, and cause traumatic arthritis of the wrist joint. Therefore, it is very important to reconstruct the normal structure of the distal radius articular surface. Osteotomy and autologous iliac bone grafting are effective treatments for serious distal radius fracture malunion in the adolescent patient. During the operation, care should be taken to protect the osteoepiphysis to avoid bone dysplasia.


Assuntos
Fraturas Mal-Unidas/cirurgia , Osteotomia/métodos , Fraturas do Rádio/complicações , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Adolescente , Assistência ao Convalescente , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Fraturas Mal-Unidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Ílio/transplante , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/instrumentação , Masculino , Radiografia/métodos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Articulação do Punho/fisiologia
4.
Swiss Dent J ; 130(9): 668-675, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869964

RESUMO

Assessment of mandibular mobility is an integral part of many dental examinations. Yet, information on the maximum range of mandibular motion in large groups of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) is limited. Therefore, we analyzed the corresponding data of 500 TMD patients who had presented at the University Center for Dental Medicine Basel. All measurements had been carried out by one examiner. The average maximal values for unassisted jaw opening, protrusion, and movement to the right and left were 49.3 mm (SD: 9.1), 8.8 mm (SD: 2.3), 9.4 mm (SD: 2.5), and 11.8 mm (SD: 3.1), respectively. Since activities such as chewing, talking, oral hygiene or even yawning require neither very wide openings nor extensive lateral or protrusive excursions, we would like to propose the following general threshold values for impaired mandibular function: maximum interincisal distance < 30 mm; maximum laterotrusion as well as maximum protrusion < 5 mm. These cut-off values, which are lower than those traditionally suggested in the dental literature, appear to be sufficient to carry out functionally undisturbed mandibular movements. By lowering the traditionally higher thresholds, the spectrum of anatomical and functional variability is increased. In this way, patients and non-patients may be protected against medicalization, overdiagnosis, and overtreatment.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Humanos , Mandíbula , Mastigação , Movimento , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Articulação Temporomandibular
5.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(9): 867-72, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959577

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the biomechanical characteristics of "three-dimensional balanced manipulation" for the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy(CSR). METHODS: A CSR patient was treated with "three-dimensional balanced manipulation", and the mechanical changes during the manipulation were monitored by mechanical testing system. Using spiral CT to scan the neck of the patient to obtain DICOM data. The three-dimensional finite element model of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy was established by using Mimics software, Geographic Studio software. The "three-dimensional balance manipulation" was simulated and loaded, and the mechanical parameters of each part were replaced into the finite element model, and the finite element analysis was carried out by using ANSYS software to study the internal stress changes and displacement deformation of vertebral body and intervertebral disc under the action of "three-dimensional balance manipulation". RESULTS: The established C3-C7 finite element model of the CSR patient consisted of 5 vertebrae, 4 intervertebral discs and 3 ligaments, involving 153 471 nodes and 64 978 units. The stress of C3-C7 vertebral body was mainly located in anterior and root of C5 spinous processes, arch, vertebral arch and the combination of the two after full loading of manipulation, and the maximum stress was 17.781 MPa. The deformation sites were mainly concentrated in articular processes and anterior transverse processes of C3, superior articular processes and transverse processes of C4, articular processes of C5. The stress of C3-C7 intervertebral disc mainly distributed in the anterior part of C3, 4 intervertebral disc and the nucleus pulposus of C4, 5 and C5, 6. The displace mentextended to the middle and posterior part of C3, 4 nucleus pulposus, around the nucleus of C4, 5 and C5, 6 and anterior part of cervical intervertebral disc. CONCLUSION: The establishment of three-dimensional finite element model of C3-C7 cervical spondylotic radiculopathy can simulate the geometry and material properties of cervical spine, and also accurately reflects the biomechanical characteristics of cervical spine, verifys the internal mechanism of "three-dimensional balanced manipulation" on CSR, proves the safety and effectiveness of treatment, guides more standardized manipulation, and avoids medical accidents.


Assuntos
Disco Intervertebral , Radiculopatia , Espondilose , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Vértebras Cervicais , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21881, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain control after total knee arthroplasty has shown many advances; however, the optimal method remains controversial. The purpose of this present study is to assess the efficacy and safety of the addition of local infiltration analgesia to adductor canal block for pain control after primary total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled research was conducted from January 2018 to June 2019. All the patients and their family members signed the informed consent forms, and this work was authorized via the ethics committee of Jinxiang Hospital Affiliated to Jining Medical College (JXHP0024578). Inclusion criteria were 55 years old or older, who possess the physical status I-III of American Society of Anesthesiologists, and the body mass index in the range of 18 to 30 kg/m. Exclusion criteria were regional and/or neuroaxial anesthesia contraindications, the history of drug allergy involved in the research, neuropathic pain, as well as the chronic pain requiring opioid therapy. Seventy-two patients were divided into 2 groups randomly. Study group (n = 36) received both adductor canal block and local infiltration analgesia. Control group (n = 36) received adductor canal block alone. Primary outcome included postoperative pain score (visual analog scale 0 to 10 cm, in which 0 represents no pain and 10 represents the most severe imaginable pain). The measures of secondary outcome included the knee range of motion, opioid consumption, the hospital stay length as well as the postoperative complications (for instance, pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, and the wound infection). All the analyses were conducted through utilizing the SPSS for Windows Version 20.0. RESULTS: The results will be shown in .(Table is included in full-text article.) CONCLUSION:: The study will provide more evidence on the combination use of adductor canal block and local infiltration analgesia in the treatment of pain after the total knee arthroplasty. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5832).


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia do Joelho , Bloqueio Nervoso , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Bupivacaína/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Articulação do Joelho , Tempo de Internação , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Ropivacaina/administração & dosagem , Escala Visual Analógica
7.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(9): 1096-1100, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929900

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the safety and effectiveness of quadriceps snip in complex total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: A clinical data of 19 cases (29 knees) with complex TKA assisted with quadriceps snip between January 2016 and May 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 9 males (13 knees) and 10 females (16 knees). The age of patients ranged from 34 to 66 years (mean, 50.2 years). Four patients (8 knees) were ankylosing spondylitis, 5 patients (7 knees) were rheumatoid arthritis, and 10 patients (14 knees) were knee osteoarthritis. The average disease duration was 10.9 years (range, 8-15 years). There were 12 knees of Kellgren-Lawrence grade Ⅲ and 17 knees of Kellgren-Lawrence grade Ⅳ. The range of motion (ROM) of knee was (19.86±7.23)°. The clinical and function scores of knee society score (KSS) were 47.86±11.26 and 15.52±11.21, respectively. Postoperative complications, ROM, KSS scores, extensor lag, and prosthesis loosening were observed to evaluate the effectiveness. Results: All incisions healed by first intention, and no infection or cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents occurred. All patients were followed up 25-39 months (mean, 30.3 months). At last follow-up, the ROM of knee was (91.03±7.30) °, the KSS clinical score was 83.62±9.99 and functional score was 66.38±7.89, showing significant differences when compared with preoperative ones ( P<0.05). Postoperative extensor lag (10°, 10°, 15°) occurred in 3 cases. There was no evidence of prosthesis loosening or osteolysis on X-ray films during follow-up. Conclusion: The application of quadriceps snip in complex TKA can effectively improve the operative field exposure and reduce incidence of complications such as patella tendon tearing, patella fracture, and quadriceps tendon injury. The surgical technique of Krackow tendon suture can effectively guarantee early rehabilitation without occurrence of other complications.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e20955, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871974

RESUMO

We conducted a retrospective study to compare the clinical and radiological results of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and posterior laminoplasty for two-level localized ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).ACDF and posterior laminoplasty are performed for localized OPLL at the disc and vertebral body levels, respectively.Eighty six patients with two-level localized OPLL who underwent surgery from January 2011 to December 2016 were retrospectively investigated (41, ACDF group; 45, laminoplasty group). Clinical outcomes were reviewed, and radiologic results such as occupying ratio (OR), space available in the spinal cord, cranial and caudal OPLL-to-disc distance (ODD)/posterior body height (PBH) ratios, segmental angle, C2-C7 Cobb angle, T1 slope, C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), and range of motion were investigated.Patients were followed-up for an average of 42.7 ±â€Š10.5 months. Clinical outcomes, postoperative OR, and space available in the spinal cord were significantly improved at the final follow-up in both groups. Preoperatively, the OR and cranial and caudal ODD/PBH ratios were not significantly different between the groups. Compared to pre-operative values, differences in the segmental and C2-C7 Cobb angles at the final follow-up were statistically significant for the ACDF group (P < .05). The mean operative time, bleeding volume, and the duration of hospitalization were significantly lower in the ACDF group than in the laminoplasty group (P < .05). Complications occurred in 1 ACDF case and in 5 laminoplasty cases.Both ACDF and laminoplasty provided satisfactory clinical and radiologic outcomes for two-level localized OPLL. However, ACDF was associated with a lower operation time, bleeding loss, duration of hospitalization, and complications.


Assuntos
Discotomia , Laminoplastia , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/cirurgia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral , Adulto , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Laminoplastia/métodos , Tempo de Internação , Ligamentos Longitudinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Longitudinais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/complicações , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22264, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease, which can lead to joint destruction, dysfunction, finally deformity. Currently, Western medicine treats it with disease-modifying antireheumatic drugs, NSAIDs, glucocorticoid, biological agents, etc, which can induce adverse drug reactions. And now, as an important mean of treating RA, Zhuang medicine has been widely used in clinics, and has achieved significant efficacy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following databases will be searched for relevant information before July 2020: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. MAJOR RESULTS: levels of C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Rheumatoid factor. Secondary results: morning stiffness time, range of motion, arthralgia, joint tenderness index, joint swelling index, total effective rate, adverse event. Data will be collected independently by 2 researchers, and the risk of bias in meta analysis will be evaluated according to "Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions". All data analysis will be conducted using Review Manager V.5.3. and Stata V.12.0. RESULTS: The curative effect and safety of traditional therapies of Zhuang Medicine treatment for RA patients will be evaluated systematically. CONCLUSION: The systematic review of this study will summarize the currently published evidence of traditional therapies of Zhuang Medicine treatment for RA to further guide its promotion and application.Open Science Framework (OSF) registration number: https://osf.io/c4xv3/.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Artralgia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Artropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Artropatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/efeitos dos fármacos , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22330, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991444

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Widely applied in the treatment of severe ankle arthritis (AA), ankle distraction arthroplasty (ADA) can avoid not only the ankle range of motion loss but also ankle fusion. However, the clinical outcomes of ADA for severe AA are poorly understood. This study aims to present our clinical outcomes of severe AA treated by ADA. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 53-year-old man suffered right ankle sprain 10 years ago, endured right ankle pain and limited movement for 6 years. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed as severe AA. INTERVENTIONS: He received ankle distraction arthroplasty. No adjuvant procedures were performed. The visual analog scale (VAS), the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, the short-form (SF)-36 physical component summary (PCS) score and ankle activity score (AAS) were recorded to access the clinical outcomes pre- and postoperatively. Moreover, ankle joint space distance was evaluated on weight-bearing radiographs. OUTCOMES: The patient derived effective pain relief and restored a satisfactory range of movement. There was a 13-month follow-up period after frame removal. The AOFAS score improved from 56 preoperatively to 71 postoperatively. The VAS score decreased from 6 prior to surgery to 1 after surgery. The SF-36 PCS was 47.2 and 71.8 pre- and postoperative, respectively. The AAS scores were improved from 3.4 preoperatively to 7.3 postoperatively. LESSONS: ADA is reliable to achieve pain relief, functional recovery, and serve AA resolution. Besides, it is an alternative to ankle arthrodesis or total ankle arthroplasty in selected patients with severe AA.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo/complicações , Articulação do Tornozelo/patologia , Artrite/cirurgia , Osteogênese por Distração/efeitos adversos , Assistência ao Convalescente , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Artroplastia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteogênese por Distração/instrumentação , Radiografia/métodos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica , Suporte de Carga
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e21237, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957304

RESUMO

Arthroscopic techniques are considered the gold standard for treatment of displaced avulsion fractures of the anterior cruciate ligament. However, most arthroscopic surgical techniques and fixation methods are technically demanding and require removal of hard implant. This report describes a new, easy, safe, and all-arthroscopic method for reduction and fixation of displaced tibial intercondylar eminence fractures by using 1 anchor and 1 Pushlock.From January 2015 to June 2017, 8 adult patients with type II and III displaced tibial intercondylar eminence fractures were operated using this technique. Clinical assessment included patient demographics, cause of injury, delay before surgery, operation time, time to return to work and sport, International Knee Documentation Committee scores, and Lysholm knee scores.The average operation time was 48 minutes. The average follow-up period was 12.5 months. At the 6-month follow-up, all patients had acquired fracture union and complete functional recovery and were able to return to work. International Knee Documentation Committee objective scores and Lysholm knee scores were 92.4 (range 88-94) and 93.6 (range 90-96), respectively. At the last follow-up, anterior drawer, Lachman's test, and pivot shift tests were negative, and all patients had returned to their preinjury activity levels.Arthroscopic fixation by use of 1 anchor and 1 Pushlock is an easy, safe, and minimally invasive technique for treatment of displaced tibial intercondylar eminence fractures and does not require further surgery to remove fixation devices.Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic case series.


Assuntos
Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Artroscopia/métodos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Retorno ao Trabalho , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Técnicas de Sutura , Tempo para o Tratamento
12.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237842, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866205

RESUMO

Isokinetic dynamometry is the gold standard for testing maximal strength in elite sport and rehabilitation settings. To be clinically useful, such tests should be valid and reliable. Despite some evidence regarding the relative test vs retest reliability of knee dynamometry, there is still a paucity of research regarding the absolute reliability parameters. The purpose of this study was to assess the absolute and relative intra-device reproducibility of isokinetic knee flexion and extension using the novel SMM iMoment dynamometer. A total of 19 participants (13 males and 6 females, aged 24 (2) years, height 178 (9) cm and weight 76 (11) kg) performed two identical knee isokinetic tests with at least a week of rest between measurements. Peak torque of knee extension and flexion were determined at 60°/s. Moderate (0.892) to excellent (0.988) relative reliability using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was obtained for peak knee torque. Absolute reliability assessed with a standard error of measurement (SEM %) was low, ranging from 2.54% to 6.93%, whereas the smallest real difference (SRD %) was moderate, ranging from 7.04% to 19.22%. Furthermore, there were no significant correlations between means and differences of two measurements, and Bland-Altman plots also showed no signs of heteroscedasticity. Our measurement protocol established the moderate to excellent reliability of the novel SMM iMoment isokinetic dynamometer. Therefore, this dynamometer can be applied in sport rehabilitation settings to measure maximal knee strength.


Assuntos
Joelho/fisiologia , Dinamômetro de Força Muscular , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Torque , Adulto Jovem
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21672, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is known to be a painful orthopedic procedure and moderate to severe pain is common, especially immediately postoperatively and during active motion. The aim of the present study was to compare epidural analgesia (EA) and adductor canal block (ACB) techniques with regard to early period pain levels, need for additional opioids, and ambulation and functional scores in patients who had undergone primary TKA. METHODS: Approval for the study was granted by the Changji Branch of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. Written informed consent will be obtained from all of the participants. Inclusion criteria included the following: planned unilateral TKA; spinal anesthesia; American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification score of I to III. Prospective assessment will be done for 100 patients who are scheduled for unilateral primary TKA surgery in our academic hospital by a single senior surgeon between August 2020 and December 2021. Patients were randomized to ACB treatment or EA treatment by a computer random number generator. The primary outcome was visual analog scale pain scores in the immediate postoperative period. Secondary outcomes included postoperative opioid use, length of hospital stay, activity level during physical therapy, and knee range of motion. Results were evaluated in a confidence interval of 95% and at a significance level of P < .05. CONCLUSIONS: We hypothesized that standard ACB would be as effective as EA for postoperative pain management following TKA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5775).


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21749, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, and is a major cause of disability and chronic pain in adults. However, there is very limited evidence in the scientific literature to support the effectiveness of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) in human knee osteoarthritis. This retrospective study aimed to compare the efficacy of ESWT treatment with sham-ESWT on pain, walking speed, physical function, and adverse effects in knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: This study will be performed and reported in accordance with the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology checklist. We reviewed patients diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis at our academic center from 2016 to 2017. This retrospective cohort study was approved by the institutional review board in Ruijin Hospital. The primary outcome measure was pain on movement measured by a 100-cm visual analog scale. The secondary outcome measures included the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index, range of motion, and adverse effects. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20.0 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY). A P-value of <.05 was defined as statistical significance. RESULTS: The hypothesis was that ESWT would be an effective treatment for improving pain and physical function in knee osteoarthritis to control symptoms. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5801).


Assuntos
Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Medição da Dor , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 35(3): 145-152, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870966

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To begin to establish normative data for shoulder range of motion (ROM) and strength in the circus acrobats and to compare these values based on age, sex, hand dominance, and acrobatic subgroup. METHODS: Active (AROM) and passive (PROM) of the full shoulder complex and PROM of the isolated glenohumeral joint were measured in 193 circus acrobats using standardized techniques for anterior elevation (flexion), posterior elevation (extension), lateral elevation (abduction), and external and internal rotation. Shoulder strength was measured using a hand-held dynamometer in all planes of motion. Measurements were taken twice and averaged. Mixed ANOVA were performed. One-sample t-tests were used to compare with general population. RESULTS: Several significant differences were noted between dominant and non-dominant sides, but not between the sex or age groups tested. Acrobats who did both aerial and ground acrobatics had significantly greater full shoulder complex flexion AROM than the aerial group, and AROM extension than the ground group. Circus acrobats had significantly greater AROM full shoulder complex extension, abduction, internal and external rotation, and shoulder strength than the general population. CONCLUSION: Overall, results from this cross-sectional study revealed that circus acrobats had greater shoulder strength and ROM than the general population, which could affect the way these patients should be treated in a clinical setting. Age and sex seemed to have minimal effects, but there was clearly an effect of hand dominance. Acrobats who train both aerial and ground acrobatics may have greater ROM in certain planes than those who train in only one type of discipline.


Assuntos
Ginástica , Articulação do Ombro , Ombro , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Força Muscular , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Rotação
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21868, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The choice between unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is likely to have long-term implications for patient-reported health outcomes. However, high-quality studies that compare the outcomes of TKA and UKA and their effects are still lacking in the literature. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare the UKA and TKA techniques with regard to functional outcomes and perioperative complications in patients who had isolated medial osteoarthritis. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center, matched-controlled study performed with approval of our hospital (Kunshan hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine affiliated to Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine), with the ethics number KZY2020-37. To reduce the effect of selection bias and potential confounding in this observational study, a 1:1 matching algorithm was applied. The groups were split by sex, age to within 6 years, and body mass index within 5 kg/m. Thus, we retrospectively reviewed the records of 240 consecutively enrolled patients who underwent UKA and 240 patients who underwent TKA from January 2013 to June 2015 from the database of our institution. Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects participating in the trial. Clinical outcomes included range of motion, Short Form 12 score, new Knee Society Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index, and the complications. The outcome measures were evaluated by a physiotherapist and were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively at 6 months and 2 years. The mean follow-up time was 3 years. CONCLUSION: We hypothesized that there was no significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of postoperative outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Our study was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5828).


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22070, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A number of recent studies have investigated the optimal dosage and timing of dexamethasone in total hip arthroplasty (THA) but have inconsistent findings. Therefore, we designed the randomized controlled research to look for the optimal intravenous dexamethasone dose for the treatment of early postoperative pain after the THA. METHODS: The Declaration of Helsinki principles was followed and the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials guidelines for randomized controlled trials was adhered in this study. The First Medical Center in People's Liberation Army General Hospital approved the study (2020-089). After written informed consent was obtained, patients aged between 18 and 80 years with Physical Status I to III of American Society of Anesthesiologists, scheduled for primary unilateral THA, were included in this present work. Randomization is the use of a computer-formed list via a secretary, at a ratio of 1:1:1. The major end points were pain scores at 24 hours, 48 hours, and 72 hours after surgery, with visual analog scale (VAS) utilized at rest, and at 45 degrees passive hip flexion. The secondary outcomes involved the total consumption of morphine, opioid-related side effects, hip range of motion, inflammation markers, and the length of hospital stay. RESULTS: We assumed that the patients who received 3 doses of dexamethasone intravenously possessed the best postoperative results compared to those who received 1 or 2 doses of the dexamethasone. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5864).


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Tempo de Internação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morfina/efeitos adversos , Entorpecentes/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Escala Visual Analógica , Adulto Jovem
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22083, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899082

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The extensor tendon of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint is highly complex, and failure to ensure suitable balance during treatment following an injury is likely to produce poor outcomes. We have achieved good outcomes with the primary repair of neglected extensor tendon rupture in the PIP joint, and thus report the case along with a review of the relevant literature. PATIENTS CONCERN: A 40-year-old right-handed female who works at a meat shop visited our clinic due to pain and active limitation of the range of motion (ROM) of the PIP joint of her left long finger. She had previously experienced a cut on the dorsal aspect of the third PIP joint while cutting meat about a year earlier but did not receive any specific treatment for the injury. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with complete rupture of the central slip and lateral band in the PIP joint after investigation. INTERVENTION: We successfully debrided the ruptured tendon and performed extensor tendon repair using the modified Kessler technique and epitendinous cross-over repair technique. OUTCOME: At the 12-month follow-up, the patient was completely asymptomatic and had optimal PIP joint ROM (0°-90°) in her left long finger. LESSONS: Although the treatment of an extensor injury of the PIP joint area is difficult, satisfactory outcomes can still be achieved, even in cases of injuries which are neglected for over a year, using a repair technique that can properly balance the length and tension between the central slip and lateral bands with the selection of appropriate postoperative treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Articulações dos Dedos/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Traumatismos dos Tendões/patologia , Adulto , Feminino , Articulações dos Dedos/cirurgia , Humanos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22098, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP) is gradually increasing among populations worldwide and affects their activities. Recently, the Nd:YAG laser has been presented in the rehabilitation field. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the short-term effects of the Nd:YAG laser on chronic non-specific LBP individuals. METHODS: Thirty-five individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP were included in the study from December 2019 to March 2020. Randomly, they were categorized to Nd:YAG group (n = 18) and sham laser as a control (n = 17) thrice weekly for a 6-week intervention. Modified Oswestry disability index (MODI), pain disability index (PDI), visual analogue scale (VAS), and lumbar flexion range of motion (ROM) have been assessed pre and post-6 weeks of the intervention. RESULTS: Significant improvements were observed in the Nd:YAG group (MODI, P < .001; PDI, P = .007; VAS, P < .001; lumbar ROM, P = .002), whereas the sham group showed no significant changes (MODI, P = .451; PDI, P = .339; VAS, P = .107; lumbar ROM, P = .296) after 6-week intervention. Between-group comparisons showed significant differences in tending toward the Nd:YAG group (MODI, P < .001; PDI, P = .046; VAS, P < .001; lumbar ROM, P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: Regarding the present study outcomes, short-term pulsed Nd:YAG laser (6 weeks) may reduce functional disabilities and pain intensity, and improve the lumbar flexion ROM in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP. Further well-designed randomized controlled studies with large sample sizes should be conducted regarding laser treatment.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Dor Lombar/radioterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Método Simples-Cego
20.
Foot Ankle Spec ; 13(5): 372-377, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with talar avascular necrosis (AVN) have limited treatment options to manage their symptoms. Historically, surgical options have been limited and can leave patients with little ankle motion and have high failure rates. The use of custom 3D printed total talar replacements (TTRs) has arisen as a treatment option for these patients, possibly allowing better preservation of hindfoot motion. We hypothesized that patients undergoing TTR will demonstrate a statistically significant improvement in Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) at 1 year after surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 15 patients who underwent a TTR over a 2-year period. Patient outcomes were reviewed, including age, sex, comorbidities, etiology of talar pathology, number and type of prior surgeries, radiographic alignment, FAOS and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score, and range of motion. Data analysis was performed with Student t-tests and multivariate regression. RESULTS: FAOSs and VAS scores showed statistically significant improvements postoperatively as compared with preoperative scores. There was a statistically significant decrease in VAS pain scores from 7.0 preoperatively to 3.6 (P < .001). Average follow-up was 12.8 months. With the number of patients available, there was no statistically significant change in radiographic alignment parameters postoperatively as compared with preoperatively (P values ranged from .225 to .617). CONCLUSION: Our hypothesis that these patients show statistically significant improvements in FAOSs at 1 year was confirmed. TTR represents an exciting treatment option for patients with talar AVN, though longer-term follow-up is needed.Level of Evidence: Level IV: Case series.


Assuntos
Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Substituição do Tornozelo/métodos , Osteonecrose/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Tálus/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteonecrose/fisiopatologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tálus/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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