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1.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 103(5): 360-366, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852354

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus and advances in endovascular therapies continue to have an impact on the epidemiology and management of lower extremity arterial disease. This study describes trends in lower extremity revascularisation and major lower limb amputation in NHS England over the past two decades (2000-2019). METHODS: Numbers of lower extremity endovascular interventions, open surgical procedures and major lower limb amputations performed in NHS England between 2000 and 2019 were extracted from publicly available hospital admitted patient care activity reports. Trends in intervention were assessed with linear regression models and chi-square tests for trend. RESULTS: Over this period, 527,131 revascularisations and 92,053 amputations were performed. The mean age of patients was 67.5 years (standard deviation 1.6 years) and 65.3% were male. The number of lower limb revascularisation procedures increased by 402.4 units/year (95% confidence interval, CI, 290.1-514.6, p < 0.001). The number of endovascular interventions rose by 43.5% (10,912 in 2000 vs 15,657 in 2019; ß = 359.5.0, 95% CI 279.3-439.8, p < 0.001) compared with no significant increase in the number of open surgical procedures (8,483 in 2000 vs 7,872 in 2019; ß = 42.8, 95% CI -8.3 to 94.0, p = 0.095). The number of major lower limb amputations has decreased by 9.4% (5,418 in 2000 vs 4,907 in 2019; ß = -31.0; 95% CI -49.6 to -12.5, R2 = 0.42, p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: There has been a significant increase in the rate of lower limb revascularisation procedures associated with decreased numbers of major lower limb amputations over the past two decades. These changes in overall trends may affect both service provision and vascular surgery training planning.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Idoso , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Inglaterra , Feminino , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro/estatística & dados numéricos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(1): e2033953, 2021 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481033

RESUMO

Importance: Lower extremity amputation (LEA) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, national temporal trends of LEA incidence rates among US veterans and associated factors have not been well characterized. Objective: To describe the temporal trends of LEA, characterize associated risk factors, and decompose the associations of these risk factors with changes in temporal trends of LEA among US veterans using Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) services between 2008 and 2018. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study used VA data from 2008 to 2018 to estimate incidence rates of LEA among veterans using VA services. Cox regression models were used to identify risk factors associated with LEA. Decomposition analyses estimated the associations of changes in prevalence of risk factors with changes in LEA rates. Data were analyzed from October 1, 2007, to September 30, 2018. Main Outcomes and Measures: Toe, transmetatarsal, below-knee, or above-knee LEA. Results: A total of 6 493 141 veterans were included (median [interquartile range] age, 64 [54-76] years; 6 060 390 [93.4%] men). Veterans were studied for a median (interquartile range) of 10.9 (5.6-11.0) years. Between 2008 and 2018, rates of LEA increased from 12.89 (95% CI, 12.53-13.25) LEA per 10 000 persons to 18.12 (95% CI, 17.70-18.54) LEA per 10 000 persons, representing a net increase of 5.23 (95% CI, 4.68-5.78) LEA per 10 000 persons. Between 2008 and 2018, toe amputation rates increased by 3.24 (2.89-3.59) amputations per 10 000 persons, accounting for 62.0% of the total increase in LEA rates. Transmetatarsal amputations increased by 1.54 (95% CI, 1.27-1.81) amputations per 10 000 persons; below-knee amputation rates increased by 0.81 (95% CI, 0.56-1.05) amputations per 10 000 persons; and above-knee amputation rates decreased by 0.37 (95% CI, 0.14-0.59) amputations per 10 000 persons. Compared with men, women had decreased risk of any LEA (hazard ratio [HR], 0.34 [95% CI, 0.31-0.37]). Factors associated with increased risk of any LEA included Black race (HR, 1.25 [95% CI, 1.21-1.28]) or another non-White race (ie, Asian, Latino, or other; HR, 2.36 [95% CI, 2.30-2.42]), obesity (HR, 1.59 [95% CI, 1.55-1.63]), diabetes (HR, 6.38 [95% CI, 6.22-6.54]), chronic kidney disease (CKD; eg, CKD stage 5: HR, 3.94 [95% CI, 3.22-4.83]), and smoking status (eg, current smoking: HR, 1.97 [95% CI, 1.92-2.03]). Decomposition analyses suggested that while changes in demographic composition, primarily driven by increased proportion of women veterans, associated with a decrease of 0.18 (95% CI, 0.14-0.22) LEA per 10 000 persons, and decreases in smoking rates, associated with a decrease of 0.88 (95% CI, 0.79-0.97) LEA per 10 000 persons. However, these were overwhelmed by increased rates of diabetes, associated with an increase of 1.86 (95% CI, 1.72-1.99) LEA per 10 000 persons; peripheral arterial disease, associated with an increase of 1.53 (95% CI, 1.41-1.65) LEA per 10 000 persons; CKD, associated with an increase of 1.45 (95% CI, 1.33-1.57) LEA per 10 000 persons; and other clinical factors, including body mass index, cancer, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, chronic lung disease, dementia, and hypertension, associated with an increase of 1.45 (95% CI, 1.33-1.57) LEA per 10 000 persons. Conclusions and Relevance: This cohort study found that incidence rates of LEA among veterans using VA services increased between 2008 and 2018. Efforts aimed at reducing burden of LEA should target the reduction of diabetes, peripheral arterial disease, and CKD at the individual and population levels.


Assuntos
Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Veteranos , Idoso , Demografia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
3.
Am J Cardiol ; 145: 143-150, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460607

RESUMO

It is unknown whether endovascular intervention (EVI) is associated with superior outcomes when compared with surgical revascularization in octogenarian. National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was used to compare the outcomes of limb revascularization in octogenarians who had surgical revascularization versus EVI. The NIS database's information on PAD patients ≥80-year-old who underwent limb revascularization between 2002 and 2014 included 394,504 octogenarian patients, of which 184,926 underwent surgical revascularization (46.9%) and 209,578 underwent EVI (53.1%). Multivariate analysis was performed to examine in-hospital outcomes. Trend over time in limb revascularization utilization was examined using Cochrane-Armitage test. EVI group had lower odds of in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 0.61 [95% CI: 0.58 to 0.63], myocardial infarction (aOR: 0.84 [95% CI: 0.81 to 0.87]), stroke (aOR: 0.93 [95% CI: 0.89 to 0.96]), acute kidney injury (aOR: 0.79 [95% CI: 0.77 to 0.81]), and limb amputation (aOR: 0.77 [95% CI: 0.74 to 0.79]) compared with surgical group (p < 0.001 for all). EVI group had higher risk of bleeding (aOR: 1.20 [95% CI: 1.18 to 1.23]) and vascular complications (3.2% vs 2.7%, aOR: 1.25 [95% CI: 1.19 to 1.30]) compared with surgical group (p < 0.001 for all). Within study period, EVI utilization increased in octogenarian patients from 2.6% to 8.9% (ptrend < 0.001); whereas use of surgical revascularization decreased from 11.6% to 5.2% (ptrend < 0.001). In conclusion, the utilization of EVI in octogenarians is increasing, and associated with lower risk of in-hospital mortality and adverse cardiovascular and limb outcomes as compared with surgical revascularization.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/tendências , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Angioplastia/tendências , Aterectomia/tendências , Endarterectomia/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Risco , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Enxerto Vascular/tendências , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/tendências
4.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(3): 515-521, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455434

RESUMO

AIMS: Removal of infected components and culture-directed antibiotics are important for the successful treatment of chronic periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). However, as many as 27% of chronic PJI patients yield negative culture results. Although culture negativity has been thought of as a contraindication to one-stage revision, data supporting this assertion are limited. The aim of our study was to report on the clinical outcomes for one-stage and two-stage exchange arthroplasty performed in patients with chronic culture-negative PJI. METHODS: A total of 105 consecutive patients who underwent revision arthroplasty for chronic culture-negative PJI were retrospectively evaluated. One-stage revision arthroplasty was performed in 30 patients, while 75 patients underwent two-stage exchange, with a minimum of one year's follow-up. Reinfection, re-revision for septic and aseptic reasons, amputation, readmission, mortality, and length of stay were compared between the two treatment strategies. RESULTS: The patient demographic characteristics did not differ significantly between the groups. At a mean follow-up of 4.2 years, the treatment failure for reinfection for one-stage and two-stage revision was five (16.7%) and 15 patients (20.0%) (p = 0.691), and for septic re-revision was four (13.3%) and 11 patients (14.7%) (p = 0.863), respectively. No significant differences were observed between one-stage and two-stage revision for 30- 60- and 90-day readmissions (10.0% vs 8.0%; p = 0.714; 16.7% vs 9.3%; p = 0.325; and 26.7% vs 10.7%; p = 0.074), one-year mortality (3.3% vs 4.0%; p > 0.999), and amputation (3.3% vs 1.3%; p = 0.496). CONCLUSION: In this non-randomized study, one-stage revision arthroplasty demonstrated similar outcomes including reinfection, re-revision, and readmission rates for the treatment of chronic culture-negative PJI after TKA and THA compared to two-stage revision. This suggests culture negativity may not be a contraindication to one-stage revision arthroplasty for chronic culture-negative PJI in selected patients. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(3):515-521.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Idoso , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 34, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcers complications are the major cause of non-traumatic major limb amputation. We aimed at assessing the clinical profiles of diabetic foot ulcer patients undergoing major limb amputation in the Surgical Department at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC), a tertiary care hospital in North-eastern Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted from September 2018 through March 2019. Demographic data were obtained from structured questionnaires. Diabetic foot ulcers were graded according to the Meggitt-Wagner classification system. Hemoglobin and random blood glucose levels data were retrieved from patients' files. RESULTS: A total of 60 patients were recruited in the study. More than half (31/60; 51.67%) were amputated. Thirty-five (58.33%) were males. Fifty-nine (98.33%) had type II diabetes. Nearly two-thirds (34/60; 56.67%) had duration of diabetes for more than 5 years. The mean age was 60.06 ± 11.33 years (range 30-87). The mean haemoglobin level was 10.20 ± 2.73 g/dl and 9.84 ± 2.69 g/dl among amputees. Nearly two thirds (42/60; 70.00%) had a haemoglobin level below 12 g/dl, with more than a half (23/42; 54.76%) undergoing major limb amputation. Two thirds (23/31; 74.19%) of all patients who underwent major limb amputation had mean hemoglobin level below 12 g/dl. The mean Random Blood Glucose (MRBG) was 13.18 ± 6.17 mmol/L and 14.16 ± 6.10 mmol/L for amputees. Almost two thirds of the study population i.e., 42/60(70.00%) had poor glycemic control with random blood glucose level above 10.0 mmol/L. More than half 23/42 (54.76%) of the patients with poor glycemic control underwent some form of major limb amputation; which is nearly two thirds (23/31; 74.19%) of the total amputees. Twenty-eight (46.67%) had Meggitt-Wagner classification grade 3, of which nearly two thirds (17:60.71%) underwent major limb amputation. CONCLUSION: In this study, the cohort of patients suffering from diabetic foot ulcers treated in a tertiary care center in north-eastern Tanzania, the likelihood of amputation significantly correlated with the initial grade of the Meggit-Wagner ulcer classification. High blood glucose levels and anaemia seem to be also important risk factors but correlation did not reveal statistical significance.


Assuntos
Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Pé Diabético/cirurgia , Úlcera do Pé , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Pé Diabético/epidemiologia , Pé Diabético/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Tanzânia/epidemiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Resultado do Tratamento , Extremidade Superior/cirurgia
6.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(1): 28-32, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) involving the below-the-knee (BTK) arteries are at increased risk of limb loss. Despite improvement in endovascular modalities, it is still unclear whether an aggressive approach results in improved limb salvage. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether an aggressive approach to BTK arterial disease results in improved limb salvage. METHODS: A comparative study of two groups was conducted. Group 1 included patients treated between 2012 and 2014, primarily with transfemoral angioplasty of the tibial arteries. Group 2 included patients treated between 2015-2019 with a wide array of endovascular modalities (stents, multiple tibial artery and pedal angioplasty, retrograde access). Primary endpoint was freedom from amputation at 4 years. RESULTS: A total of 529 BTK interventions were performed. Mean age was 71 ± 10.6 years, 382 (79%) were male. Patients in group 1 were less likely to be taking clopidogrel (66% vs. 83%, P < 0.01) and statins (72 % vs. 87%, P < 0.01). Several therapeutic modalities were used more often in group 2 than in group 1, including pedal angioplasty (24 vs. 43 %, P = 0.01), tibial and pedal retrograde access (0 vs. 10%, P = 0.01), and tibial stenting (3% vs. 25%, P = 0.01). Revascularization of two or more tibial arteries was performed at a higher rate in group 2 (54% vs. 50%, P = 0.45). Estimated freedom from amputation at 40 months follow-up was higher in group 2 (53% vs. 63%, P = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: An aggressive, multimodality approach in treating BTK arteries results in improved limb salvage.


Assuntos
Amputação , Angioplastia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Isquemia , Perna (Membro) , Salvamento de Membro , Doença Arterial Periférica , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Artérias da Tíbia , Idoso , Amputação/métodos , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/etiologia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Israel , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Perna (Membro)/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/instrumentação , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Salvamento de Membro/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Doença Arterial Periférica/complicações , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Artérias da Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias da Tíbia/fisiopatologia , Artérias da Tíbia/cirurgia , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
7.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 62(2): 104-110, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to report early outcomes of patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (NDD-CKD) after revascularization for critical limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI). METHODS: Perioperative data of patients from the CRITISCH (critical limb ischemia) Registry, who also had NDD-CKD (stages 3 and 4), were compared to their counterparts with normal renal function (NRF) or mild renal insufficiency (stages 1 and 2). Patient characteristics and type of first-line treatment were assessed. Amputation-free survival was the primary composite endpoint. Secondary endpoints included major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) and hemodynamic failure of revascularization. Multivariable logistic regression determined risk factors for the endpoints. RESULTS: 424 patients with NDD-CKD were identified. Endovascular revascularization (ER) was performed in 251 patients (59.2%). Eighty-six patients (20.3%) underwent bypass surgery (BS) and 29 patients (6.8%) femoral artery patchplasty (FAP). Conservative treatment (CT) was offered to 46 patients (10.9%); 12 patients (2.8%) underwent primary major amputation (PMA). Logistic regression analysis showed an increased early risk for amputation/death (OR=1.92, 95% CI: 1.09-3.40), death (OR=5.53, 95% CI: 1.92-15.90) and hemodynamic failure of the revascularization (OR=1.80, 95% CI: 1.19-2.72) compared to patients with NRF. Patients with NDD-CKD also seem to carry a higher risk for MACCE (OR=1.82, 95% CI: 0.99-3.36). NDD-CKD was not a risk factor for limb loss alone (OR=1.05, 95% CI: 0.49-2.22). CONCLUSIONS: NDD-CKD was an independent risk factor for early postoperative mortality, morbidity and reduced patency, but not for limb loss. Robust follow-up is necessary to monitor for such events, as well as to prevent readmission.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Idoso , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Tratamento Conservador , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla , Enxerto Vascular , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
8.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 12: CD012980, 2020 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frostbite is a thermal injury caused when tissue is exposed to sub-zero temperatures (in degrees Celsius) long enough for ice crystals to form in the affected tissue. Depending on the degree of tissue damage, thrombosis, ischaemia, necrosis (tissue death), gangrene and ultimately amputation may occur. Several interventions for frostbite injuries have been proposed, such as hyperbaric oxygen therapy, sympathectomy (nerve block), thrombolytic (blood-thinning) therapy and vasodilating agents such as iloprost, reserpine, pentoxifylline and buflomedil, but the benefits and harms of these interventions are unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of the different management options for frostbite injuries. SEARCH METHODS: On 25 February 2020, we searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library, Ovid MEDLINE(R), Ovid MEDLINE(R) In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE(R) Daily and Ovid OLDMEDLINE(R), Embase (OvidSP), ISI Web of Science: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Science (CPCI-S), as well as trials registers. Shortly before publication, we searched Clinicaltrials.gov, the World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, OpenGrey and GreyLit (9 November 2020) again. We investigated references from relevant articles, and corresponded with a trial author. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared any medical intervention, e.g. pharmacological therapy, topical treatments or rewarming techniques, for frostbite injuries to another treatment, placebo or no treatment. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two authors independently extracted data. We used Review Manager 5 for statistical analysis of dichotomous data with risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We used the Cochrane 'Risk of bias' tool to assess bias in the included trial. We assessed incidence of amputations, rates of serious and non-serious adverse events, acute pain, chronic pain, ability to perform activities of daily living, quality of life, withdrawal rate from medical therapy due to adverse events, occupational effects and mortality. We used GRADE to assess the quality of the evidence. MAIN RESULTS: We included one, open-label randomised trial involving 47 participants with severe frostbite injuries. We judged this trial to be at high risk of bias for performance bias, and uncertain risk for attrition bias; all other risk of bias domains we judged as low. All participants underwent rapid rewarming, received 250 mg of aspirin and 400 mg intravascular (IV) buflomedil (since withdrawn from practice), and were then randomised to one of three treatment groups for the following eight days. Group 1 received additional IV buflomedil 400 mg for one hour per day. Group 2 received the prostacyclin, iloprost, 0.5 ng to 2 ng/kg/min IV for six hours per day. Group 3 received IV iloprost 2 ng/kg/min for six hours per day plus fibrinolysis with 100 mg recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) for the first day only. The results suggest that iloprost and iloprost plus rtPA may reduce the rate of amputations in people with severe frostbite compared to buflomedil alone, RR 0.05 (95% CI 0.00 to 0.78; P = 0.03; very low-quality evidence) and RR 0.31 (95% CI 0.10 to 0.94; P = 0.04; very low-quality evidence), respectively. Iloprost may be as effective as iloprost plus rtPA at reducing the amputation rate, RR 0.14 (95% CI 0.01 to 2.56; P = 0.19; very low-quality evidence). There were no reported deaths or withdrawals due to adverse events in any of the groups; we assessed evidence for both outcomes as being of very low quality. Adverse events (including flushing, nausea, palpitations and vomiting) were common, but not reported separately by comparator arm (very low-quality evidence). The included study did not measure the outcomes of acute pain, chronic pain, ability to perform activities of daily living, quality of life or occupational effects. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is a paucity of evidence regarding interventions for frostbite injuries. Very low-quality evidence from a single small trial indicates that iloprost, and iloprost plus rtPA, in combination with buflomedil may reduce the need for amputation in people with severe frostbite compared to buflomedil alone. However, buflomedil has been withdrawn from use. High quality randomised trials are needed to establish firm evidence for the treatment of frostbite injuries.


Assuntos
Congelamento das Extremidades/terapia , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Viés , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Epoprostenol/administração & dosagem , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Iloprosta/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Pirrolidinas/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Reaquecimento/métodos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/administração & dosagem , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem
12.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 687-695, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Global Vascular Guideline on chronic limb threatening ischaemia (CLTI) has introduced the Global Limb Anatomic Staging System (GLASS) as a new angiographic scoring system. However, the relationship between GLASS and outcomes following revascularisation has not previously been studied. METHODS: Using pre-intervention angiograms the relationship between GLASS and immediate technical failure (ITF), amputation free survival (AFS), limb salvage (LS), overall survival (OS), and freedom from major adverse limb events (FF-MALE) was examined in 377 patients undergoing endovascular therapy (EVT, n = 213) or bypass surgery (BS, n = 164) in the Bypass versus Angioplasty in Severe Ischaemia of the Leg (BASIL)-1 trial (randomised 1999-2004). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in GLASS between cohorts. There was a significant relationship between ITF and GLASS in EVT (I 14%, II 15%, III 28%, p = .049). GLASS was significantly related to AFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.37; 95% CI 1.01-1.85; p = .042), LS (HR 1.96; 95 % CI 1.12-3.43; p = .018), and FF-MALE (HR 1.49; 95% CI 1.04-1.87; p = .028) in the EVT cohort. In BS patients, there was no relationship between GLASS and these outcomes. FF-MALE was significantly worse after EVT than BS in GLASS II (p = .038) and III (p = .001). Among the subgroup of patients with femoropopliteal (FP) disease (BS, n = 109 or EVT, n = 159), FF-MALE was significantly higher after BS than EVT (p < .001). The superiority of BS over EVT with increasing GLASS FP grade was greater in the analysis of patients using vein grafts. CONCLUSION: In the BASIL-1 cohort, GLASS is associated with outcomes following EVT but not BS. Although further validation in contemporary CLTI cohorts is required, GLASS seems likely be useful in shared decision making and for stratifying patients in future trials.


Assuntos
Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Salvamento de Membro/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/patologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/patologia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/patologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea/patologia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 721-729, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) is the second most common arterial aneurysm. Vascunet is an international collaboration of vascular registries. The aim was to study treatment and outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively registered population based data. Fourteen countries contributed data (Australia, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Malta, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Serbia, Sweden, and Switzerland). RESULTS: During 2012-2018, data from 10 764 PAA repairs were included. Mean values with between countries ranges in parenthesis are given. The incidence was 10.4 cases/million inhabitants/year (2.4-19.3). The mean age was 71.3 years (66.8-75.3). Most patients, 93.3%, were men and 40.0% were active smokers. The operations were elective in 73.2% (60.0%-85.7%). The mean pre-operative PAA diameter was 32.1 mm (27.3-38.3 mm). Open surgery dominated in both elective (79.5%) and acute (83.2%) cases. A medial surgical approach was used in 77.7%, and posterior in 22.3%. Vein grafts were used in 63.8%. Of the emergency procedures, 91% (n = 2 169, 20.2% of all) were for acute thrombosis and 9% for rupture (n = 236, 2.2% of all). Thrombosis patients had larger aneurysms, mean diameter 35.5 mm, and 46.3% were active smokers. Early amputation and death were higher after acute presentation than after elective surgery (5.0% vs. 0.7%; 1.9% vs. 0.5%). This pattern remained one year after surgery (8.5% vs. 1.0%; 6.1% vs. 1.4%). Elective open compared with endovascular surgery had similar one year amputation rates (1.2% vs. 0.2%; p = .095) but superior patency (84.0% vs. 78.4%; p = .005). Veins had higher patency and lower amputation rates, at one year compared with synthetic grafts (86.8% vs. 72.3%; 1.8% vs. 5.2%; both p < .001). The posterior open approach had a lower amputation rate (0.0% vs. 1.6%, p = .009) than the medial approach. CONCLUSION: Patients presenting with acute ischaemia had high risk of amputation. The frequent use of endovascular repair and prosthetic grafts should be reconsidered based on these results.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/estatística & dados numéricos , Artéria Poplítea/patologia , Trombose/cirurgia , Doença Aguda/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Aneurisma/complicações , Aneurisma/epidemiologia , Aneurisma/patologia , Austrália/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Carga Global da Doença , Humanos , Incidência , Isquemia/epidemiologia , Isquemia/etiologia , Salvamento de Membro/efeitos adversos , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/epidemiologia , Trombose/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Enxerto Vascular/métodos , Enxerto Vascular/estatística & dados numéricos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
16.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 711-719, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807678

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate outcomes for lower limb revascularisation for limb salvage within the National Health Service (NHS) in England. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of administrative data. Data were extracted from the Hospital Episodes Statistics database for England. Data were included for a seven year period (1 April 2011-31 March 2018 inclusive) for all patients aged ≥ 18 years receiving surgery for peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Data were extracted for patient age, sex and frailty level, the NHS trusts undertaking the procedure, the technique used (angioplasty, bypass, endarterectomy, or hybrid), the mode of admission (elective or emergency), the surgical speciality, the financial year of admission, length of hospital stay during the procedure, subsequent emergency re-admission, revascularisation procedures within 30 days and subsequent amputation and mortality within one year and within five years. The primary outcome was one year amputation free survival. For analysis, data were separated into diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Multilevel modelling was used to adjust for hierarchy and observed confounding when investigating outcomes. RESULTS: Data were available for 98 109 procedures across 124 hospital trusts. For non-diabetic patients (odds ratio 1.142, 95% confidence interval 1.068-1.222), one year amputation free survival was higher for angioplasty than for bypass. For diabetic patients, there was no difference in the primary outcome. One year amputation rates, 30 day emergency re-admission rates, and length of stay were all lower for angioplasty, and 30 day revascularisation rates were lower for bypass for both diabetic and non-diabetic patients. CONCLUSION: Outcomes were generally better for angioplasty than for bypass surgery for lower limb revascularisation for both diabetic and non-diabetic patients. The findings should be interpreted with caution given the likely different clinical presentations of those selected for each procedure. Future clinical trials may provide more definitive data.


Assuntos
Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/efeitos adversos , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Demandas Administrativas em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Angioplastia/estatística & dados numéricos , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/mortalidade , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Salvamento de Membro/estatística & dados numéricos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/mortalidade , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Enxerto Vascular/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 74-79, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown period on the number and type of vascular procedures performed in the operating theater. METHODS: A total of 38 patients who underwent 46 vascular procedures during the lockdown period of March 16th until April 30th, 2020, were included. The control groups consisted of 29 patients in 2019 and 54 patients in 2018 who underwent 36 and 66 vascular procedures, respectively, in the same time period. Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics. RESULTS: Our study shows that the lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a significant increase in the number of major amputations (42% in 2020 vs. 18% and 15% in 2019 and 2020, respectively; P-value 0.019). Furthermore, we observed a statistically significant difference in the degree of tissue loss as categorized by the Rutherford classification (P-value 0.007). During the lockdown period, patients presented with more extensive ischemic damage when than previous years. We observed no difference in vascular surgical care for patients with an aortic aneurysm. CONCLUSIONS: Measurements taken during the lockdown period have a significant effect on non-COVID-19 vascular patient care, which leads to an increased severe morbidity. In the future, policy makers should be aware of the impact of their measurements on vulnerable patient groups such as those with peripheral arterial occlusive disease. For these patients, medical care should be easily accessible and adequate.


Assuntos
Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/cirurgia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Controle Social Formal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Quarentena , Isolamento Social
18.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 167: 108355, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739379

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate clinical outcomes in patients who underwent diabetic foot surgery (DFS) managed directly by diabetologists in a third-level Centre over 15-year. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 1.857 patients affected by diabetic foot (Age 67.1 ± 12.3 yrs, diabetes duration 19.2 ± 9.8 yrs, HbA1c 8.1 ± 2.0%) treated in our Department between 2001 and 2015 and divided them into 3 groups: Group 1, treated between 2001 and 2005 (448 pts), group 2, between 2006 and 2010 (540 pts) and Group 3, between 2011 and 2015 (869 pts). Main clinical outcomes [peripheral revascularization rate (PR), healing rate (HR), healing time (HT), recurrences after healing (R), major amputation (MA) and death (D) rates] were compared between groups. RESULTS: The overall outcomes of our cohort were: HR 81.6% (HT 143 ± 54 days), PR 84.8%, MA 4.9% and D 27.9%. There were no differences in clinical characteristics, except for age, higher (p < 0.05) in Group 3 (70.6 ± 14.7 yrs) than in Groups 1 (64.4 ± 11.6 yrs) and 2 (65.1 ± 11.2 yrs). No differences emerged when comparing HR and MA; HT was shorter (p < 0.05) in group 3 (104 ± 44 days) than in Group 2 (169 ± 72 days) and 1 (235 ± 67 days). D was higher (p < 0.05) in Group 3 (43.8%) than in Group 1 (23.1%) and 2 (28.1%). PR was 19.4% in Group 1, 28.1% in Group 2 and 53.8% in Group 3 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Despite the increasing age and complexity of patients our data show improvement of outcomes throughout 15 years, probably due to better surgical techniques, more aggressive medical therapy and more effective treatment of critical limb ischemia.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/cirurgia , Pé Diabético/epidemiologia , Pé Diabético/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Pé Diabético/mortalidade , Endocrinologistas , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Salvamento de Membro/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização
19.
BMJ ; 370: m2812, 2020 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32843476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of lower limb amputation among adults newly prescribed canagliflozin according to age and cardiovascular disease. DESIGN: Population based, new user, cohort study. DATA SOURCES: Two commercial and Medicare claims databases, 2013-17. PARTICIPANTS: Patients newly prescribed canagliflozin were propensity score matched 1:1 with patients newly prescribed a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist. Hazard ratios and rate differences per 1000 person years were computed for the rate of lower limb amputation in the following four groups: group 1, patients aged less than 65 years without baseline cardiovascular disease; group 2, patients aged less than 65 with baseline cardiovascular disease; group 3, patients aged 65 or older without baseline cardiovascular disease; group 4, patients aged 65 or older with baseline cardiovascular disease. Within each group, pooled hazard ratio and rate difference per 1000 person years were calculated by meta-analysis. INTERVENTION: Canagliflozin versus a GLP-1 agonist. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Lower limb amputation requiring surgery. RESULTS: Across the three databases, 310 840 propensity score matched adults who started canagliflozin or a GLP-1 agonist were identified. The hazard ratio and rate difference per 1000 person years for amputation in adults receiving canagliflozin compared with a GLP-1 agonist for each group was: group 1, hazard ratio 1.09 (95% confidence interval 0.83 to 1.43), rate difference 0.12 (-0.31 to 0.55); group 2, hazard ratio 1.18 (0.86 to 1.62), rate difference 1.06 (-1.77 to 3.89); group 3, hazard ratio 1.30 (0.52 to 3.26), rate difference 0.47 (-0.73 to 1.67); and group 4, hazard ratio 1.73 (1.30 to 2.29), rate difference 3.66 (1.74 to 5.59). CONCLUSIONS: The increase in rate of amputation with canagliflozin was small and most apparent on an absolute scale for adults aged 65 or older with baseline cardiovascular disease, resulting in a number needed to treat for an additional harmful outcome of 556 patients at six months (that is, 18 more amputations per 10 000 people who received canagliflozin). These results help to contextualize the risk of amputation with canagliflozin in routine care.


Assuntos
Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Canagliflozina/efeitos adversos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/efeitos adversos , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Sistema Cardiovascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Bases de Dados Factuais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/agonistas , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
Radiology ; 297(2): E263-E269, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673190

RESUMO

Background During the peak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the authors noted an increase in positive lower-extremity CT angiography examinations in patients who presented with leg ischemia. The goal of this study was to determine whether lower-extremity arterial thrombosis was associated with COVID-19 and whether it was characterized by greater severity in these patients. Materials and Methods In this retrospective propensity score-matched study approved by the institutional review board, 16 patients who tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and who underwent CT angiography of the lower extremities and 32 patients who tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 observed from January to April 2018, January to April 2019, and January to April 2020 were compared using three scoring systems: two systems including all vessels, with weighting in one system given to more proximal vessels and with weighting in the other system given to more distal vessels, and a third system in which only the common iliac through popliteal arteries were considered. Correlation with presenting symptoms and outcomes was computed. Fisher exact tests were used to compare patients who tested positive for COVID-19 with patients who tested negative for COVID-19 regarding the presence of clots and presenting symptoms. A Mantel-Haenszel test was used to associate outcome of death and/or amputation with COVID-19 adjusted according to history of peripheral vascular disease (PVD). Results Sixteen patients with confirmed COVID-19 (70 years ± 14 [standard deviation]; seven women) who underwent CT angiography and 32 propensity score-matched control patients (71 years ± 15; 16 women) were included. All patients with COVID-19 (100%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 79%, 100%) had at least one thrombus, and only 69% of control patients (95% CI: 50%, 84%) had thrombi (P = .02). Ninety-four percent of patients with COVID-19 (95% CI: 70%, 99.8%) had proximal thrombi compared with 47% of control patients (95% CI: 29%, 65%) (P < .001). The mean thrombus score using any of the three scoring systems yielded greater scores in patients with COVID-19 (P < .001). Adjusted for history of PVD, death or limb amputation was more common in patients with COVID-19 (odds ratio = 25; 95% CI: 4.3, 147; P < .001). Patients with COVID-19 who presented with symptoms of leg ischemia only were more likely to avoid amputation or death than patients who also presented with pulmonary or systemic symptoms (P = .001). Conclusion Coronavirus disease 2019 is associated with lower-extremity arterial thrombosis characterized by a greater clot burden and a more dire prognosis. © RSNA, 2020.


Assuntos
Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Trombose/epidemiologia , Idoso , Causalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cidade de Nova Iorque/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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