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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 201-211, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This retrospective study focused on the correlation between molecular markers and prognostic outcomes of colon cancer patients depending on sidedness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 117 stage I-III colon cancer patients who underwent colectomy were enrolled. Novel methylation markers (KIF1A, PAX5 and VGF) were selected for epigenetic evaluation and p53 and ERCC1 protein expression was examined for the investigation of genetic alterations. RESULTS: High frequency of methylation was observed in 68.2% of right-sided and 39.7% of left-sided colon cancer cases (p=0.004). Abnormal p53 was identified in 52.3% of right-sided and 75.3% of left-sided cases (p=0.015). In right-sided cases, highly methylated genes demonstrated significantly favorable disease-free survival (p=0.049). Regarding left-sided cases, advanced T stage (p=0.028) and abnormal p53 (p=0.028) were revealed to be significant predictive factors of the disease-free survival outcome. CONCLUSION: Molecular alterations, as significant prognostic factors, might differ depending on the sidedness of colon cancers.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Idoso , Metilação de DNA/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Curva ROC , Análise de Sobrevida
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 341-347, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The prognostic significance of biomarkers related to gastric cancer prognosis has not been fully elucidated. The aim of study was to use immunohistochemical biomarkers to reveal prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 682 patients who had undergone curative surgery were evaluated regarding the correlation of prognosis and immunohistochemical biomarkers. RESULTS: The COX2-positive groups showed a poor 5-year overall and disease-free survival. Further analysis revealed that COX2 positivity was a significant risk factor for poorer disease-free survival in the group with clinical stage I disease (p=0.016). We also noted a marked trend between COX2 positivity and poorer overall survival. The COX2-positive group showed general postoperative pathological up-staging compared with the COX2-negative group. CONCLUSION: This study showed the potential of COX2 as a biomarker for gastric cancer prognosis. Preoperative evaluation of COX2 might be a useful tool for generating optimal treatment strategies in patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Análise de Sobrevida
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 387-392, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) of the pancreatic body involving the celiac axis requires specialized treatment, including a subtotal distal pancreatectomy (SDP) with resection of the celiac axis (Appleby procedure). This study aimed to examine the value of the Appleby procedure, in current individualized treatment approaches, and to define its possible therapeutic impact for patients with LAPC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 20 consecutive patients who underwent SDP with resection of the celiac axis between January 2005 and December 2018 were identified from a prospectively collected database and were matched with 20 patients experiencing SDP without resection of the celiac axis. Both perioperative parameters, as well as the overall postoperative course, were evaluated. RESULTS: The rate of perioperative complications in both groups was comparable (p=0.744). The rate of severe type C postoperative pancreatic haemorrhages (PPH) was significantly lower in patients with resection of the celiac axis compared to those without (p=0.035). CONCLUSION: The Appleby procedure may be considered as a safe and feasible treatment option with favorably fewer postoperative severe bleeding complications. Besides surgical expertise, such procedures, however, require an experienced interventional radiologist and should thus only be performed in high-volume centers.


Assuntos
Pancreatectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreatectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Análise de Sobrevida
4.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 421-426, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Distant organ metastases do not occur at random in lung cancer. A retrospective study was conducted in order to evaluate 1) what kinds of metastatic patterns exist in three different types of lung cancer, and 2) whether metastatic patterns affected prognosis in the different types of lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from all consecutive patients with diagnosed lung cancer between April 2009 and October 2018 in our hospitals. Cluster analysis was performed to classify patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards model were used. RESULTS: Epidermal growth factor-mutated adenocarcinoma, small cell lung cancer, and squamous cell lung cancer had different 'metastatic patterns', survival, and unfavorable prognostic factors, respectively. CONCLUSION: There might be different metastatic patterns, survival, and unfavorable prognostic factors in each pathological and genetic type of lung cancer. It is worthwhile carrying out diagnostic imaging and treatment considering information on metastatic patterns.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Mutação/genética , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 427-433, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The role of anti-PD1/PD-L1 therapy (IO) in NSCLC harboring driver mutations is questionable. This study aimed to examine the efficacy of IO in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a KRAS mutation (KRAS+). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified NSCLC patients harboring KRAS mutation treated with IO in our Institution. We analyzed the results in comparison to non-KRAS patients. RESULTS: Among 328 consecutive KRAS+ NSCLC patients, 43 (13.1%) received IO in our Institution. In parallel 117 non-KRAS NSCLC patients treated with IO were selected for comparison. The baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. No significant difference was observed between KRAS+ and non-KRAS patients in terms of mPFS (4.6 vs. 3.3 months, p=0.58) or OS (8.1 vs. 13.0 months, p=0.38). CONCLUSION: KRAS mutations seem to be irrelevant for selecting patients for IO that could be therefore considered an effective therapy for NSCLC patients, independently of KRAS status.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Mutação/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Idoso , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 443-449, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical influence of anastomotic leak (AL) on esophageal cancer survival and recurrence after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 122 patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer between 2008 and 2018. The patients were classified into those with AL and those without. The risk factors for overall (OS) and recurrence-free (RFS) survival were identified. RESULTS: AL was found in 44 out of the 122 patients (36.1%). The respective OS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 43.9% and 40.2% in the AL group and 63.9% and 53.2% in the non-AL group, which were significantly different (p=0.0049). In contrast, the respective RFS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 44.8% and 29.8%, and 44.9% and 42.4%, which were not significantly different (p=0.2306). A multivariate analysis showed that AL was a significant independent risk factor for both poorer OS and RFS in patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer. CONCLUSION: To improve survival of patients with esophageal cancer, the surgical procedure, perioperative care and surgical strategy must be carefully planned in order to prevent AL.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 465-472, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892602

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of the present multicentric study was to review stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with or without chemotherapy (CHT) experience in locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). Endpoints were overall survival (OS), local control (LC), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS). Several parameters' impact on these outcomes was assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six patients with LAPC undergoing SBRT+/-CHT were included. SBRT median BEDα/ß10Gy was 48.0 Gy (range=28.0-78.7). Survival curves were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. A Cox regression model was fitted. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 15.0 months, 2-year OS, LC, DMFS were: 33.8% 55.4%, and 22.9%, respectively. Patients treated with BEDα/ß10Gy≥48 Gy showed improved OS (p=0.020) and LC (p=0.024). At multivariate analysis, BEDα/ß10Gy≥48 Gy was significantly associated to both higher OS (p=0.042) and LC (p=0.045), while post-SBRT CHT improved DMFS (p=0.003). CONCLUSION: SBRT proved to be tolerable and effective in LAPC. Moreover, BEDα/ß10Gy≥48 Gy was significantly correlated with improved OS and LC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas/radioterapia , Radiocirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sobrevida
8.
Gut ; 69(1): 103-111, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31023832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effect of surgical resection of colorectal cancer (CRC) on perioperative plasma vitamin D (25OHD) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level. We investigated the relationship between circulating vitamin D level and CRC survival. DESIGN: We sequentially sampled 92 patients undergoing CRC resection, and measured plasma 25OHD and CRP. For survival analyses, we assayed 25OHD and CRP in two temporally distinct CRC patient cohorts (n=2006, n=2100) and investigated the association between survival outcome, circulating vitamin D and systemic inflammatory response. RESULTS: Serial sampling revealed a postoperative fall (mean 17.3 nmol/L; p=3.6e-9) in plasma 25OHD (nadir days 1-2). CRP peaked 3-5 days postoperatively (143.1 mg/L; p=1.4e-12), yet the postoperative fall in 25OHD was independent of CRP. In cohort analyses, 25OHD was lower in the 12 months following operation (mean=48.8 nmol/L) than preoperatively (54.8 nmol/L; p=1.2e-5) recovering after 24 months (52.2 nmol/L; p=0.002). Survival analysis in American Joint Committee on Cancer stages I-III demonstrated associations between 25OHD tertile and CRC mortality (HR=0.69; 95% CI 0.46 to 0.91) and all-cause mortality (HR=0.68; 95% CI 0.50 to 0.85), and was independent of CRP. We observed interaction effects between plasma 25OHD and rs11568820 genotype (functional VDR polymorphism) with a strong protective effect of higher 25OHD only in patients with GG genotype (HR=0.51; 95% CI 0.21 to 0.81). We developed an online tool for predicted survival (https://apps.igmm.ed.ac.uk/mortalityCalculator/) that incorporates 25OHD with clinically useful predictive performance (area under the curve 0.77). CONCLUSIONS: CRC surgery induces a fall in circulating 25OHD. Plasma 25OHD level is a prognostic biomarker with low 25OHD associated with poorer survival, particularly in those with rs11568820 GG genotype. A randomised trial of vitamin D supplementation after CRC surgery has compelling rationale.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prognóstico , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Análise de Sobrevida , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue
9.
Anaesthesia ; 75(1): 54-62, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531978

RESUMO

Patients eligible for emergency laparotomy who do not proceed to surgery are not as well characterised as patients who do proceed to surgery. We studied patients eligible for laparotomy, as defined by National Emergency Laparotomy Audit criteria, from August 2015 to October 2016. We analysed the association of individual variables with survival and two composite scores: P-POSSUM and a general survival model. Out of 314 patients, 214 (68%) underwent laparotomy and 100 (32%) did not. Median (IQR [range]) follow-up was 1.3 (0.1-1.8 [0.0-2.5]) years for the cohort, 1.5 (1.1-2.0 [0.0-2.6]) years after laparotomy and 0.0 (0.0-1.1 [0.0-2.2]) years without laparotomy. There were 126/314 (40%) deaths in the follow-up period, 52/214 (24%) deaths after laparotomy and 74/100 (74%) deaths without surgery. Ninety out of 126 deaths (71%) were within one month of hospital admission. Patient variables were different for the two groups, which when combined in the general survival model generated background median (IQR [range]) life expectancies of 12 (6-21 [0-49]) and 4 (2-6 [0-36]) years, respectively, p < 0.0001. 'Poor fitness' precluded laparotomy in 74/100 (74%) patients. The decision to not operate involved a consultant less often than the decision to operate: 66/100 (66%) vs. 178/214 (83%), p = 0.001. Our study supports the contention that survival beyond 30 postoperative days could be predicted reasonably accurately. Survival in patients who did not have laparotomy was shorter than expected. Emergency laparotomy might have prolonged survival in some patients.


Assuntos
Laparotomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Emergências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Reino Unido
10.
Orv Hetil ; 161(1): 26-32, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884810

RESUMO

Introduction: Cytokeratin-18 (CK-18) is releasing into the blood during systemic cell death due to ischemia-reperfusion injury after cardiac arrest. Its caspase-cleaved form is specific to apoptosis. Previous investigations proved their prognostic value in different conditions. We firstly investigated the prognostic value of these markers after cardiac arrest. Method: Plasma samples of 40 resuscitated patients were collected 6, 24, and 72 hours after successful resuscitation to determine the marker concentrations. We investigated the association of the markers with the 30-day mortality, neurological outcome, circumstances of the cardiac arrest, laboratory and physical parameters. Results: Resuscitated patients had highly elevated CK-18 levels (3842 vs. 242; 559; 1644 ng/L) and decreased caspase-cleaved CK-18/CK-18 ratio (0.14 vs. 0.58; 0.22; 0.24) compared to healthy subjects, septic and postoperative patients suggesting severe grade of cell death, mainly necrosis. Neither the marker concentrations nor their kinetics showed difference between survivors and non-survivors. They did not show association with the length of the resuscitation, the initial rhythm or the neurological outcome either. CK-18 decreased in patients with good renal function in contrast to patients with renal failure. Significant negative correlation was observed between the 6-hour cytokeratin-18 and hemoglobin concentrations (r = -0.400, p<0.01), while the 30-day survival was associated with lower hemoglobin levels. Conclusion: Surprisingly the biomarkers did not show prognostic value among resuscitated population. The outcome is probably not determined by the complete cell damage, but the loss of a small group of cells with critical role and the reserve capacity of the patient. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(1): 26-32.


Assuntos
Morte Celular , Parada Cardíaca/sangue , Queratina-18/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Parada Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Sobreviventes
11.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(12): 1152-1158, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874531

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of tumor deposits (TD) on the prognosis of patients with stage III colon cancer, and to explore whether TD number included into regional lymph node count can predict the prognosis more accurately. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was carried out. Case inclusion criteria: (1) primary colon cancer; (2) undergoing colon cancer radical operation; (3) definite pathological diagnosis; (4) colon cancer stage III according to AJCC 8th edition; (5) complete follow-up data; (6) without preoperative neoadjuvant treatment. Clinicopathological data of 296 patients undergoing colon cancer radical operation from January 2005 to December 2008 in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were retrospectively collected. The effect of TD and its amount on the prognosis was evaluated. Colon cancer TNM staging method based on the 8th edition of AJCC was compared with the modified TNM staging (mTNM) adjusted by the number of TD. The differences of the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) between groups were also examined. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to analyze the survival, and prognostic factors were analyzed by Cox univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Among 296 patients with stage III colon cancer, 78 patients had TD. The median number of TD was 2 (1-10). Tumor T stage, N stage, vascular tumor thrombus and preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were associated with TD in patients with colon cancer (all P<0.05). The right hemicolon appears likely to have TD than left hemicolon, but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.059). The median follow-up of the whole group was 71 (6-102) months. During the follow-up period, 129 patients (43.6%) had recurrence or metastasis, and 111 patients died (37.5%). The 5-year DFS in TD group was 44.9%, which was lower than that in the non-TD group (60.6%), with statistically significant difference (P=0.003). The 5-year OS in TD group was 50.0%, which was also lower than 67.0% in the non-TD group, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.002). According to TD number, patients were divided into 3 groups: 1 TD (25 cases), 2-3 TD (32 cases), ≥4 TD (21 cases). The 5-year DFS in these 3 groups was 68%, 56.3%, and 0, respectively (P<0.001), and 5-year OS was 76%, 59.4%, and 4.8% respectively (P<0.001). Univariate analysis showed that TD presence (95% CI: 1.234-2.694, P=0.003) and TD number (95% CI: 3.531-14.138, P<0.001) were associated with the prognosis of patients with stage III colon cancer. At the same time, age, tumor N stage, tumor location, chemotherapy, and preoperative CEA elevation were also associated with the prognosis of stage III colon cancer patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that TD presence (HR=1.957, 95%CI: 1.269-3.017, P=0.002) and TD number (HR=8.020, 95% CI: 3.414-18.842, P<0.001) were still independent risk factors for the prognosis of patients with stage III colon cancer.According to the TD number counted as metastatic lymph nodes, in 78 patients with TD, 24 patients were upstaged in N stage, and 16 patients upstaged from TNM stage IIIB to stage IIIC. For 16 stage IIIB cases with staging modification, 30 unadjusted stage IIIB cases with TD, and 148 stage IIIB cases without TD, the 5-year OS was 37.5%, 73.3% and 76.4%, respectively with significant difference (P<0.001). However, for 16 patients adjusted as stage IIIC (mTNM), 32 patients with unchanged stage IIIC with TD (TNM, AJCC 8th edition), and 63 stage IIIC cases without TD, the 5-year OS was 37.5%, 36.4%, and 41.3%, respectively without significant difference (P=0.707). Conclusions: TD presence and TD number are independent risk factors for prognosis of stage III colon cancerpatients. TNM staging evaluation with lymph node number including TD number can predict the prognosis of patients more accurately.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e17175, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860944

RESUMO

Annual pancreatic tumor incidence rates have been increasing. We explored pancreatic tumor incidence trends by treatment and clinicopathologic features.Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) was retrieved to evaluate temporal trends and pancreatic cancer rates from 2000 to 2015. Joinpoint regression analyses were carried out to examine trend differences.Overall, the incidence of pancreatic cancer was on the increase. The initial APC increased at a rate of 2.22% from 2000 to 2012, and increased from 2012 to 2015 at a rate of 9.05%. Joinpoint analyses revealed that trends within different demographics of pancreatic cancer showed different characteristics. The rate of pancreatic cancer also varied with histologic types. In addition, the trends by cancer stage showed significant increase incidences of stage I and II pancreatic cancer from 2000 to 2013 (stage I: APC: 2.71%; stage II: APC: 4.87%). Incidences of patients receiving surgery increased from 2000 to 2008 (APC: 7.55%), 2008 to 2011 (APC: 2.17%) and then there was a significant acceleration from 2011 to 2015 (APC: 10.51%). The incidence of cases in stage II receiving surgery increased significantly from 2004 to 2009 (APC: 9.28%) and 2009 to 2013 (APC: 2.57%). However, for cases in stage I, the incidence of cases with surgery decreased significantly since 2009 (APC: -4.14%). Patients undergoing surgical treatment without chemotherapy and radiotherapy had the higher rates compared with those who received other combined treatments.Pancreatic cancer has been increasing overall, but patterns differ by demographics and clinicopathologic features. Efforts to identify and treat more eligible candidates for curative therapy could be beneficial.


Assuntos
Gerenciamento Clínico , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Demografia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pancreatectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Fatores Sexuais , Análise de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e17532, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Discordant results about the causal relationship between hormone replacement therapy use (HRT) and lung cancer risk in women had been reported. We therefore conducted a meta-analysis of cohort studies to evaluate this association. METHODS: The PubMed and Embase databases were searched. Fixed- or random-effects model was used to pool the study-specific relative risks (RRs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Sensitivity analysis, publication bias, and subgroup analysis were performed. RESULTS: A total of 13 cohort studies met the inclusion criteria. Combined results indicated that compared with nonusers, women with HRT use were at a decreased risk (RR: 0.95, 95% CI: 0.91-0.99, I = 30.8%, P for heterogeneity = .137). In subgroup analysis by geographic area, smoking statue, type of hormones, and histology type of lung cancer, no significant association between HRT use and lung cancer was observed in most subgroups except in those studies which reported risk estimates adjusted for age, body mass index, smoking, and other confounders (RR: 0.95, 95 CI: 0.91-0.99, I = 33.0%, P for heterogeneity = .214). Both Begg funnel plot and Egger test (P = .243) suggested no evidence for publication bias. CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis suggests ever use of HRT is associated with a decreased risk of lung cancer in women.


Assuntos
Terapia de Reposição Hormonal/efeitos adversos , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e17820, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860946

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With the development of economy and the acceleration of population aging, Prostate cancer (PCa) has presented a situation of high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The recent studies have shown that Chinese patent medicine combined with endocrine therapy in the treatment of prostate cancer not only plays a synergistic role in enhancing the efficacy. This review hopes to adopt meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of pain caused by prostate cancer and provides evidence for its application in clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search for PubMed, Cochrane Library, AMED, EMbase, WorldSciNet; Nature, Science online and China Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature CD-ROM Database (CBM), and related randomized controlled trials included in the China Resources Database. The time is limited from the construction of the library to June 2019. We will use the criteria provided by Cochrane 5.1.0 for quality assessment and risk assessment of the included studies, and use the Revman 5.3 and Stata13.0 software for meta-analysis of the effectiveness, recurrence rate, and symptom scores of pain caused by prostate cancer. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicine for pain caused by prostate cancer. Because all of the data used in this systematic review and meta-analysis has been published, this review does not require ethical approval. Furthermore, all data will be analyzed anonymously during the review process Trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019131544.


Assuntos
Dor do Câncer/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/complicações , Idoso , Dor do Câncer/diagnóstico , China , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/fisiopatologia , Medição da Dor , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18036, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860954

RESUMO

Cullin 4A (CUL4A) is a protein of E3 ubiquitin ligase with many cellular processes. CUL4A could regulate cell cycle, development, apoptosis, and genome instability. This study aimed to analyze the expression of CUL4A in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tissues and the associations of CUL4A expression with prognostic significance. A total of 115 NPC patients were collected to assess the protein expression of CUL4A by immunohistochemistry, so as to analyze the relationships between CUL4A expression and clinicopathological and prognostic parameters. All patients were followed-up until death or 5 years. The results showed that high expression of CUL4A was significantly associated with larger primary tumor size (P = .026), higher nodal status (P = .013), more distant metastasis (P = .020), and higher TNM stage (P = .005). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that patients with higher CUL4A expression had significantly shorter overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) (both P < .001). In multivariate Cox analysis, CUL4A is an independent prognostic factor for OS (P = .016; hazard ratio [HR] = 2.770, 95% CI: 1.208-6.351) and PFS (P = .022; HR = 2.311, 95% CI: 1.126-4.743). In conclusion, high expression of CUL4A was associated with advanced disease status of NPC, and might serve as an independent prognostic factor.


Assuntos
Proteínas Culina/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , China , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 912-917, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856439

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic significance of combining ISS-Ⅲ and high risk cytogenetic abnormalities [HRCAs, including 1q gain/amplification and del (17p) ] in patients with newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) . Methods: The clinical characteristics and relevant variables were retrospectively analyzed in a total of 270 NDMM patients diagnosed between November 2009 and May 2018. ISS-Ⅲ stage and HRCAs [detected by FISH, including 1q gain/amplification and del (17p) ] were defined as risk factors (hit) . Based to the number of hit per case, these patients were divided into four groups carrying 0 to 3 risk factors, respectively. Progress-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were then analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier estimator. Results: Patients who carried single hit (n=120, 44.4%) had shorter median PFS (23.0 vs 28.9 months; P>0.05) and OS (42.3 vs 53.7 months; P>0.05) than those with no risk factors (n=66, 24.4%) . Of note, the outcome of patients who had two or more risk factors (double/triple, n=84, 31.1%) was much worse than those with either no or one risk factor, indicated by significantly reduced median PFS (14.5 months; HR=1.584, 95%CI 1.082-2.319; P=0.003 for double/triple vs single hit) and OS (18.4 months, HR=2.299, 95%CI 1.485-3.560; P<0.001 for double/triple vs single hit) . Strikingly, patients who had three risk factor (triple hit, n=5, 1.9%) displayed the poorest survival with extraordinarily shorter PFS (0.9-15.1 months) and OS (0.9-18.9 months) compared to those carrying two risk factors (double hit) . Analogous results were obtained when different combinations of ISS stages and HRCAs were analyzed. Conclusion: These results suggest a potential but rather important role of combining multiple (e.g. double or triple) adverse factors determined via the routine ISS staging and FISH detection of cytogenetic abnormalities in risk stratification and prognostic prediction, which might be helpful to identify high risk patients more precisely at diagnosis. It also raised a possibility that a small group of ISS-Ⅲ patients carrying both 1q gain/amplification and del (17p) might represent an "extremely-high risk" subset of MM.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17 , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6325-6332, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to assess surgical outcome and long-term survival after elective hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) in patients aged 80 years or older. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 100 patients aged 70 years or older, who underwent hepatic resection for HCC or CRLM between January 2000 and December 2012. Outcomes and clinicopathological data were compared between the elderly (aged 70-79 years; n=84) and extremely elderly groups (aged 80 years or older; n=16). RESULTS: Incidence of postoperative complications, in-hospital mortality, and postoperative OS in the extremely elderly group were comparable with those of the elderly group. In patients with HCC, the extremely elderly group was associated with shorter DFS (p=0.030) in univariate analysis, while multivariate analysis showed significant and independent factors of cancer recurrence. CONCLUSION: Hepatic resection for HCC and CRLM in patients aged 80 years and older may be safe and acceptable with appropriate selection. For HCC in patients aged 80 years and older, hepatic resection may be effective when negative surgical margins can be achieved.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Comorbidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Hepatectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(11): 719-723, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Statins and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have beneficial effects on health outcomes in the general population. Their effect on survival in debilitated nursing home residents is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationships between statins, SSRIs, and survival of nursing home residents. METHODS: Baseline patient characteristics, including chronic medications, were recorded. The association of 5-year survival with different variables was analyzed. A sub-group analysis of survival was performed according to baseline treatment with statins and/or SSRIs. RESULTS: The study comprised 993 residents from 6 nursing homes. Of them, 285 were males (29%), 750 (75%) were fully dependent, and 243 (25%) were mobile demented. Mean age was 85 ± 7.6 years (range 65-108). After 5 years follow-up, the mortality rate was 81%. Analysis by sub-groups showed longer survival among older adults treated with only statins (hazard ratio [HR] for death 0.68, 95% confidence intervals [95%CI] 0.49-0.94) or only SSRIs (HR 0.6, 95%CI 0.45-0.81), with the longest survival among those taking both statins and SSRIs (HR 0.41, 95%CI 0.25-0.67) and shortest among residents not taking statins or SSRIs (P < 0.001). The survival benefit remained significant after adjusting for age and after conducting a multivariate analysis adjusted for sex, functional status, body mass index, mini-mental state examination, feeding status, arrhythmia, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and hemato-oncological diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with statins and/or SSRIs at baseline was associated with longer survival in debilitated nursing home residents and should not be deprived from these patients, if medically indicated.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Captação de Serotonina/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Israel , Masculino , Casas de Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(12): 1995-2004, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690954

RESUMO

Glioblastoma is a highly prevalent and aggressive form of primary brain tumor. It represents approximately 56% of all the newly diagnosed gliomas. Macrophages are one of the major constituents of tumor-infiltrating immune cells in the human gliomas. The role of immunosuppressive macrophages is very well documented in correlation with the poor prognosis of patients suffering from breast, prostate, bladder and cervical cancers. The current study highlights the correlation between the tumor-associated macrophage phenotypes and glioma progression. We observed an increase in the pool of M2 macrophages in high-grade gliomas, as confirmed by their CD68 and CD163 double-positive phenotype. In contrast, less M1 macrophages were noticed in high-grade gliomas, as evidenced by the down-regulation in the expression of CCL3 marker. In addition, we observed that higher gene expression ratio of CD163/CCL3 is associated with glioma progression. The Kaplan-Meier survival plots indicate that glioma patients with lower expression of M2c marker (CD163), and higher expression of M1 marker (CCL3) had better survival. Furthermore, we examined the systemic immune response in the peripheral blood and noted a predominance of M2 macrophages, myeloid-derived suppressor cells and PD-1+ CD4 T cells in glioma patients. Thus, the study indicates a high gene expression ratio of CD163/CCL3 in high-grade gliomas as compared to low-grade gliomas and significantly elevated frequency of M2 macrophages and PD-1+ CD4 T cells in the blood of tumor patients. These parameters could be used as an indicator of the early diagnosis and prognosis of the disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/patologia , Glioblastoma/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/imunologia , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Carcinogênese , Quimiocina CCL3/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioblastoma/mortalidade , Humanos , Tolerância Imunológica , Imunidade Humoral , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida , Células Th2/imunologia
20.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(12): 2005-2014, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701161

RESUMO

Checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) have significantly changed the therapeutic landscape of oncology. We adopted a non-invasive metabolomic approach to understand immunotherapy response and failure in 28 urological cancer patients. In total, 134 metabolites were quantified in patient sera before the first, second, and third CPI doses. Modeling the association between metabolites and CPI response and patient characteristics revealed that one predictive metabolite class  (n = 9/10) were very long-chain fatty acid-containing lipids (VLCFA-containing lipids). The best predictive performance was achieved through a multivariate model, including age and a centroid of VLCFA-containing lipids prior to first immunotherapy (sensitivity: 0.850, specificity: 0.825, ROC: 0.935). We hypothesize that the association of VLCFA-containing lipids with CPI response is based on enhanced peroxisome signaling in T cells, which results in a switch to fatty acid catabolism. Beyond use as a novel predictive non-invasive biomarker, we envision that nutritional supplementation with VLCFA-containing lipids might serve as an immuno sensitizer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/terapia , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Imunoterapia/métodos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Neoplasias Urológicas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Receptores Coestimuladores e Inibidores de Linfócitos T/antagonistas & inibidores , Feminino , Humanos , Imunização , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peroxissomos/metabolismo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Urológicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Urológicas/mortalidade
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