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1.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (9): 5-13, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029996

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology of laparothoracoscopic Ivor Lewis esophagectomy in surgical treatment of esophageal cancer and compare early outcomes of this procedure with conventional Ivor Lewis surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 30 laparothoracoscopic Ivor Lewis esophagectomies followed by non-hardware esophageal-gastric intrapleural anastomosis for esophageal cancer. All procedures have been performed for the period 2016-2019 at the Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute (suturing of anastomosis was based on the method of professor A.S. Allakhverdyan). RESULTS: Laparothoracoscopic esophagectomy is characterized by higher surgery time by 136.57 min (p=0.012), less duration of anesthesia and mechanical ventilation by 77.5 min (p=0.042), postoperative ICU-stay by 2.25 hours (p=0.021), blood loss by 550 ml (p=0,000), duration of postoperative fasting by 2 days (p=0.034), hospital-stay by 8 days (p=0.021) compared to open esophagectomy. There were no significant between-group differences in the number of resected lymph nodes (p=0.142). Incidence of esophageal-gastric anastomosis failure is insignificantly higher in the OE group (χ2=1.89; p=0.075). Incidence of pulmonary complications (pneumonia, chylothorax, paresis of the vocal cords, pleural empyema) is less in the LTSE group (p<0.05). Cardiovascular morbidity is significantly lower in the LTSE group (p<0.05). A 30-day mortality rate was similar in both groups (χ2=2.56; p=0.0253). CONCLUSION: Early results of laparothoracoscopic Ivor Lewis esophagectomy are superior to the results of conventional Ivor Lewis surgery in surgical treatment of esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Esofagectomia , Esôfago/cirurgia , Estômago , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Humanos , Moscou , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estômago/cirurgia
2.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (9): 38-42, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030000

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report treatment outcomes in patients with congenital aortic arch disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 65 patients (45 boys and 20 girls) for the period from 2005 to 2019. Mean age of patients was 53±12 days (range 1-98), weight - 3,3±1,3 kg (range 2.2-4.6). All patients were divided into 2 groups depending on the method of surgical repair. The 1st group included 33 patients who underwent patch repair, the 2nd group (n=32) - anastomosis in end-to-side fashion. RESULTS: In group I, recurrent aortic arch coarctation was observed in 16.8% of cases, in group II - only in 4% of cases (p=0.02). Analysis of systolic pressure in both groups revealed that arterial hypertension was detected in 39% of cases in group I and only in 9,1% of cases in group II (p=0,0025). CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of aortic arch disease using anastomosis in end-to-side fashion is associated with reduced risk of recurrent aortic arch coarctation and residual arterial hypertension in long-term postoperative period.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica , Coartação Aórtica , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Pressão Sanguínea , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Med Vasc ; 45(5): 260-267, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Carotid endarterectomy has traditionally been the strategy for the surgical management of carotid stenosis. Alongside the usual techniques, this study presents another technique: endarterectomy with systematized resection-anastomosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study from January 2006 to December 2018, included all patients managed for carotid stenosis at Meaux hospital with the "endarterectomy with systematized resection-anastomosis" technique. The perioperative death and stroke rate were evaluated according to the judgment criterion "homolateral ischemic stroke and any stroke or perioperative death". Statistical analysis of the data was performed using SPSS software. RESULTS: For 415 carotids operated, we identified 240 managed with this technique. The average age was 71.7±9.6 years, 70% men and 30% women. The main cardiovascular risk factor was hypertension (76.7%), 24.2% of patients had an ischemic heart disease history, 43.7% homolateral ischemic stroke and 29% transient ischemic attack. Bilateral lesions were diagnosed in 6.2% of patients and 7.5% had contralateral occlusion. Carotid stenosis was symptomatic in 52.9% of patients. The average stenosis rate observed was 82.9±8.1% on computed tomography angiogram and 83.7±7.7% on magnetic resonance angiogram. The shunt was used in 45.4% of procedures. The average length of stay was 5.9±2.3 days. All patients had satisfactory results in terms of patency and anatomical appearance on the 1st check. In the post-operative period during the first month, complications occurred in 12.5% of patients (1.6% acute coronary syndrome, 0.8% neurological event, 0.8% death, 0.4% infection, 12.1% hematoma, 1.6% recovery for bleeding). The overall perioperative death and stroke rate was 2.6%. Myocardial infarction and sepsis were the causes of death for the 2 patients in the peri operative period. The mean duration of follow-up was 21.2 months, without any restenosis or occurrence of neurological complications. One patient died beyond the 1st month of follow-up without established cause, and the overall mortality rate was 1.3%. CONCLUSION: Thromboendarterectomy with "systematized" anastomosis resection represents an angioplasty method for carotid stenosis surgical management under visual control.


Assuntos
Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 115(4): 493-504, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876023

RESUMO

Introduction: The laparoscopic approach to right colectomy is gradually gaining a leading role in the surgical treatment of right colonic diseases. However, not all aspects of the procedure are standardized and the method of reconstruction of the digestive tract is still under debate. The present study critically evaluates the extracorporeal (EA) and intracorporeal (IA) techniques used for creation of the ileocolic anastomosis during a laparoscopic right colectomy. Material and Method: The EA and IA anastomotic techniques are described in detail. The peri operative data of a cohort of consecutive patients operated by our surgical team was retrospectively recorded and analyzed regarding type of anastomosis, the path for transition from EA to IA and the incidence of postoperative complications. Furthermore, an analysis of randomized clinical trials, reviews and meta-analyses that provided a comparative evaluation of EA versus IA was performed to provide a more in-depth integration of our own data into the literature. Results: EA was used at the beginning of our experience but was later replaced by IA which became the favorite anastomotic technique. There was no anastomotic fistula recorded in the EA or IA groups but in our cohort IA was unexpectedly associated with higher incidence of peritoneal drainage, prolonged ileus, surgical site infections, anastomotic bleeding and chyloperitoneum. However, IA allows better visualization of the ileal and colonic stumps, avoids twisting of the anastomosis, prevents extraction-related tearing of the mesocolon and reduces the risk of post operative hernia. Data from the literature also shows that IA is generally associated with earlier postoperative return of bowel function, less morbidity and less postoperative pain. Conclusions: Based on this study and the data currently present in the literature it can not be concluded that IA should be considered as the standard of care for laparoscopic right colectomy. The decision for an EA or IA anastomosis ultimately belongs to the surgeon and is influenced by his surgical skill and experience. The results of ongoing randomized controlled trials on large group of patients may bring more clarity on this issue in the future.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/normas , Colectomia/normas , Colo Ascendente/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Íleo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/normas , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Colectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 115(4): 520-525, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876026

RESUMO

We present the case of a 42-year-old woman diagnosed with a cystic pancreatic lesion, suggestive of a serous cystadenoma of 27/13 mm. The diagnosis was established by the examination of abdominal CT and eco-endoscopy. The patient was referred to the surgery department for treatment. The benign etiology suggested by imaging and the desire to preserve the spleen along with as much of the pancreatic parenchyma, indicated a laparoscopic central pancreatectomy with a anastomosis between the distal pancreatic stump and the stomach. The authors reviewed the national and international publications related to the indications of this minimally invasive surgery.


Assuntos
Cistadenoma Seroso/cirurgia , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Estômago/cirurgia , Adulto , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Cistadenoma Seroso/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 979-983, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921662

RESUMO

The Fontan procedure is a palliative surgery performed for patients with complex congenital heart disease who exhibit functional single ventricular physiology. Although clinical outcomes of the Fontan procedure have improved in recent years and most patients who undergo the procedure reach adulthood, Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) is a noncardiovascular complication that has become increasingly common; its risk factors remain unknown.A total of 95 patients who underwent the Fontan procedure and who were followed up for at least three years at Gunma Children's Medical Center and Kitasato University Hospital between 1996 and 2015 were retrospectively enrolled in this study.The mean age of the patients at the time of Fontan procedure was 2.3 ± 1.4 years. Overall, 21 patients (23.1%) experienced FALD. All Fontan procedures were performed with extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection using 16-mm expanded polytetrafluoroethylene grafts. The presence of systemic right ventricle, requirement of pulmonary vasodilator, application of a non-fenestrated Fontan procedure, and absence of fenestration flow at the time of follow-up catheter examination were identified as predictors of FALD using univariate analysis. All these factors, except the requirement of pulmonary vasodilator, remained significant predictors of FALD in multivariate logistic regression analysis.Patients with a systemic right ventricle who undergo the Fontan procedure are at a high risk of FALD in the mid-term. Creating fenestration at the time of Fontan and maintaining the fenestration flow may reduce the mid-term risk of FALD.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Pressão Venosa Central/fisiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Lactente , Hepatopatias/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resistência Vascular
7.
Am J Vet Res ; 81(10): 827-831, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare initial leak pressure (ILP) between cadaveric canine and synthetic small intestinal segments that did and did not undergo enterotomy. SAMPLE: Eight 8-cm grossly normal jejunal segments from 1 canine cadaver and eight 8-cm synthetic small intestinal segments. PROCEDURES: Intestinal segments were randomly assigned to undergo enterotomy (6 cadaveric and 6 synthetic segments) or serve as untreated controls (2 cadaveric and 2 synthetic segments). For segments designated for enterotomy, a 2-cm full-thickness incision was created along the antimesenteric border. The incision was closed in a single layer with 4-0 suture in a simple continuous pattern. Leak testing was performed with intestinal segments occluded at both ends and infused with dilute dye solution (999 mL/h) until the solution was observed leaking from the suture line or serosal tearing occurred. Intraluminal pressure was continuously monitored. The ILP at construct failure was compared between cadaveric and synthetic control segments and between cadaveric and synthetic enterotomy segments. RESULTS: Mean ± SD ILP did not differ significantly between cadaveric (345.11 ± 2.15 mm Hg) and synthetic (329.04 ± 24.69 mm Hg) control segments but was significantly greater for cadaveric enterotomy segments (60.77 ± 15.81 mm Hg), compared with synthetic enterotomy segments (15.03 ± 6.41 mm Hg). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Leak testing should not be used to assess the accuracy or security of enterotomy suture lines in synthetic intestinal tissue. Synthetic intestinal tissue is best used for students to gain confidence and proficiency in performing enterotomies before performing the procedure on live animals.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/veterinária , Doenças do Cão , Anastomose Cirúrgica/veterinária , Animais , Cadáver , Cães , Pressão , Técnicas de Sutura/veterinária , Suturas
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21421, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756144

RESUMO

Right colon-to-rectal anastomosis is performed in relatively rare conditions, including after subtotal colectomy or extended left hemicolectomy. One technique of tension-free anastomosis is the Deloyers procedure that includes cranio-caudal rotation of the right colon. As with other colon surgeries, the laparoscopic approach has been adapted for the Deloyers procedure. Nevertheless, due to its rare indications and technical specificity, only a small case series have been reported. Here, we report our experience with single-port laparoscopic (SPL) Deloyers procedures.Between June 2013 and March 2018, 6 patients underwent SPL Deloyers procedures. Three patients underwent SPL subtotal colectomy with ascending colon-to-rectal anastomosis for sigmoid colon cancer with chronic ischemic colitis, sigmoid colon cancer with left colon ischemia, and synchronous transverse and sigmoid colon cancer, respectively. The other 3 patients underwent SPL Hartmann reversal using the Deloyers procedure technique for 2 transverse colon end colostomies and 1 ascending colon end colostomy state, which were the result of a previous extended left hemicolectomy and subtotal colectomy, respectively. A commercially available single port was used with conventional straight and rigid laparoscopic instruments. The surgical procedures were similar to those performed during conventional laparoscopic surgery. For the anastomosis, the mobilized remaining ascending colon was rotated 180° counter-clockwise around the axis of the ileocolic pedicle. Tension-free colorectal anastomosis was then performed between the well-vascularized ascending colon and the rectal stump.The SPL Deloyers procedure was successful in all patients. No additional incisions for trocars or conversions to open surgery were necessary. The operative time and postoperative length of stay were 210 to 470 min and 8 to 21 days, respectively. No intraoperative complications were noted. There were 3 minor postoperative complications without anastomotic leakage. All patients had 2 to 3 bowel movements per day, and 1 patient regularly took loperamide at 6 months after surgery.The SPL Deloyers procedure was feasible and allowed patients to achieve good bowel movements. This operation may be considered an additional surgical option for experienced SPL surgeons in selected patients.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21439, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756156

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Duodenal atresia in association with situs inversus abdominus is extremely rare. Care should be taken when selecting appropriate surgical methods, and caution should be exercised during the surgery to avoid misdiagnosis and mistreatment. With prompt recognition of the condition, the surgical procedure should be performed in a timely manner to achieve positive results. PATIENT CONCERNS: A newborn affected by situs inversus abdominus associated with duodenal atresia, midgut malrotation, and volvulus. DIAGNOSIS: Congenital duodenal atresia with situs inversus abdominis. INTERVENTIONS: Diamond-shaped duodenoduodenostomy with appendectomy was performed, with the release of Ladd band and correction of the malrotation. OUTCOMES: The baby boy is thriving well with no abdominal complaints at 4 years of surgical follow-up. LESSONS: Although several theories are put forward to clarify this matter, the proper cause of duodenal atresia is not well defined. Clinical symptoms and examinations can assist diagnosis, the definitive cause should be ascertained by surgical approach. And the operating surgeon must be aware of the "mirror anatomy" to prevent unnecessary injuries. Additionally, long-term prognosis for duodenal atresia are very good, therefore, careful attention in postoperative management are important in such a case.


Assuntos
Obstrução Duodenal/congênito , Obstrução Duodenal/complicações , Obstrução Duodenal/cirurgia , Duodeno/cirurgia , Atresia Intestinal/complicações , Atresia Intestinal/cirurgia , Situs Inversus/complicações , Assistência ao Convalescente , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Apendicectomia/métodos , Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório/complicações , Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório/diagnóstico , Obstrução Duodenal/diagnóstico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Atresia Intestinal/diagnóstico , Volvo Intestinal/complicações , Volvo Intestinal/diagnóstico , Masculino , Situs Inversus/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 728-733, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810943

RESUMO

Chronic radiation intestinal injury denotes the repeated and prolonged damage of intestine caused by radiotherapy to pelvic malignancy, which usually occurs after three months of radiotherapy. Surgical intervention is indicated when the progressive intestinal injury leads to the development of massive intestinal hemorrhage, obstruction, perforation, fistula and other late complications. However, there is no consensus on the surgical procedures. We illustrate the dilemma in surgical treatment from the points of pathological mechanism and the frequent sites of radiation intestinal injury. Meanwhile, we discuss the surgical alternatives of radiation intestinal injury based on the literature and our experience. The pathological mechanism of chronic radiation injury is progressive occlusive arteritis and parenchymal fibrosis. The frequently involved sites are distal ileum, sigmoid colon and rectum based on the radiotherapy region. The morbidity and mortality are high in surgery of chronic radiation injury due to poor ability of tissue healing, pelvic fibrosis, multiple organ damage, and poor physical condition. Definitive intestinal resection is one of the most common surgical procedures. Extended resection of diseased bowel to ensure that there is no radiation damage in at least one end of the anastomotic bowels is the key to decrease the risk of complications related to anastomotic sites.


Assuntos
Enteropatias , Lesões por Radiação , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Íleo , Enteropatias/cirurgia , Lesões por Radiação/cirurgia , Reto
12.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 752-756, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810946

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of near-infrared fluorescence imaging (NIRFI) to assist in determining the resection range of radiation intestinal injury (RII). Methods: A descriptive cohort study was conducted. Clinical data of 10 RII patients who presented intestinal obstruction and received operation with more than 100 cm of small intestine had been resected atGeneral Department of Jinling Hospital from October 2014 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The Novadaq SPY Intra-operative Imaging System was used in capturing and viewing fluorescent images. Firstly, the dense adhesion was mobilized and the obstructive intestine was fully freed under laparoscopy, then entering into abdomen from the corresponding incision. The surgeon determined the resection range according to the color of the intestinal serous layer of the diseased intestinal wall, the thickness of the intestinal wall, and the degree of swelling of the mesentery. Afterwards, intra-operative NIRFI was performed by intravenous injection of 2 ml indocyanine green (ICG) and the imaging results of the diseased intestinal arteriovenous phase were observed and recorded. The evaluation criteria for the final resection range were mainly based on the changes in mesenteric arterial phase imaging. In RII lesions, mesenteric vessels in mesenteric artery phase were disordered, and the comb-like distribution of normal mesenteric vessels completely disappeared. Only the clouded appearance in the intestinal wall was observed. Imaging results of the diseased intestinal tissue during the development phase and mesenteric vein phase were not significantly different from normal intestinal tissue. Intraoperative and postoperative conditions under NIRFI-assisted positioning, including the resection range, anastomosis site, operation-related complications, hospitalization time and cost were recorded. Data of abdominal contrast-enhanced CT and gastrointestinal angiography during 5 years of follow-up were collected to evaluate whether there was anastomotic stenosis or insufficient resection of diseased bowel. Results: Based on the imaging of mesenteric arterial phase of NIRFI, the median resection length of the small intestine was 185 (120-260) cm. After NIRFI imaging, only local lesion of ileum was excised in 6 patients, and jejunum-ileum anastomosis was performed to preserve ileocecal flap. No serious complications such as anastomotic leakage and anastomotic hemorrhage, or chronic intestinal failure such as short bowel syndrome occurred. The median hospitalization time was 32 (22-51) days, and the median hospitalization cost was 142 000 (90 000-175 000) RMB. The hospitalization time and cost were mainly used for the enteral and parenteral nutrition support treatment during the perioperative period. All the patients had normal oral diet and/or oral enteral nutrient. After 5 years of follow-up, no recurrence was found. Abdominal contrast-enhanced CT and gastrointestinal angiography showed no thickening of the intestinal wall or stenosis of the lumen. Conclusion: Mesenteric arterial phase imagingof NIRFI can help surgeons to determine the site and range of resection of RII lesions.


Assuntos
Intestinos , Lesões por Radiação , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Intestinos/lesões , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 780-785, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810950

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the risk factors of turning temporary stoma into permanent stoma in rectal cancer patients undergoing transabdominal anterior resection with temporary stoma. Methods: A case-control study was carried out. Data of rectal cancer patients who underwent transabdominal anterior resection with temporary stoma and completed follow-up in Department of General Surgery of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from June 2008 to June 2018 were collected and analyzed. In this study, temporary stoma included defunctioning stoma (ostomy was made during operation) and salvage stoma (ostomy was made within one month after operation due to anastomotic leakage or severe complications). Cases of multiple intestinal tumors were excluded. A total of 308 rectal cancer patients were enrolled in the study, including 198 males and 110 females with a median age of 56 (48-65) years. Ninety-four patients received intraperitoneal chemotherapy during operation. Among 308 patients, upper rectal cancer was observed in 64 cases, middle rectal cancer in 89 cases and low rectal cancer in 155 cases. Twenty patients underwent transverse colostomy and 288 underwent ileostomy. Phone call following-up was conducted from August to September 2019 to investigate whether stoma was reversed, causes of reversal failure, and tumor relapsed or not in detail. Permanent stoma was defined as that the stoma was still not reversed by the latest follow-up. The univariate analysis was performed with chi-square test or Fisher's exact test, and variables with P value < 0.10 were included in the non-conditional logistic regression model for multivariate analysis. Results: The median follow-up time was 54.3 (32.4-73.8) months. During follow-up, 8 cases had local recurrence and 37 cases had distant metastasis. Among the 308 patients with temporary ostomy, 247 (80.2%) patients had stomas reversed and the median interval time was 4.5 (3.5-6.1) months. The median interval time in 65 patients with salvage stoma was significantly longer that in 182 patients with defunctioning stoma [5.5 (4.3-7.5) vs. 4.2 (3.4-5.5) months; Z=-4.387, P<0.001]. The temporary ostomy was confirmed to become permanent stoma in 61 patients (19.8%), including 45 cases of defunctioning stoma and 16 cases of salvage stoma. Univariate analysis showed that preoperative anemia, intraperitoneal chemotherapy during operation, middle rectal cancer, transverse colostomy, pathological stage, postoperative local recurrence and distant metastasis were associated with permanent stoma (all P<0.10). Multivariate analysis revealed that the intraperitoneal chemotherapy during operation (OR=1.961, 95% CI: 1.029-3.738, P=0.041), middle rectal cancer (OR=2.401, 95% CI: 1.195-4.826, P=0.014), transverse colostomy (OR=3.433, 95% CI: 1.234-9.553, P=0.018), and distant metastasis (OR=8.282, 95% CI:3.820-17.954, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of permanent stoma. Conclusions: There is high risk of turning temporary stoma into permanent stoma among rectal cancer patients undergoing transabdominal anterior resection who receive intraperitoneal chemotherapy during operation, present as the middle rectal cancer, undergo transverse colostomy or develop distant metastasis. Surgeons need to evaluate and balance the risks and benefits thoroughly, and then inform the patients in order to avoid potential conflicts.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais , Estomas Cirúrgicos , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(3): 652-658, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844808

RESUMO

This prospective comparative study was done to compare the outcome of stapled closure of the duodenal stump with hand-sewn closure during gastric resection in terms of total operating time, postoperative duodenal stump leakage, postoperative hospital stay, and surgical cost. This study was conducted from January 2013 to August 2014. Patients who were admitted to the Department of Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh with the indication of distal or total gastrectomy were included in the study. A total of 32 patients were enrolled in this study with 16 in each group, they were divided either into Group I (Hand Sewn) or Group II (stapling). Mean±SD age of Group I was 53.38±8.69 and Group II was 50.88±9.56 (p=0.445). Male patients were predominant than the female with a male: female ratio being 3.57:1. Mean±SD total operating time was 154.38±16.32 minutes and 136.88±17.40 minutes in Group I and Group II respectively (p=0.001). In Group I, 2(12.5%) patients and in Group II, 1(6.3%) patient had duodenal stump leakage which showed no statistically significant difference (p=0.999). Postoperative hospital stay had no statistically significant difference (p=0.923). The surgical cost had a significant difference (p=0.001) which is more in Group II. This study showed there was a significant reduction in total operating time but there was no significant difference in occurring of duodenal stump leakage or postoperative hospital stay. However, use of stapler hastens the surgeon's job and it relieves extra pressure of them.


Assuntos
Duodeno , Gastrectomia , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Bangladesh , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Grampeamento Cirúrgico , Técnicas de Sutura
16.
Harefuah ; 159(8): 560-564, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852154

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Choice of operative technique is often a major factor in the success of replantation of traumatic avulsions of the auricle. While microsurgery is considered to produce the best aesthetic results, this approach may not be an option due to vascular damage. We present the case of a 66-year-old Caucasian male with a subtotal traumatic left auricle avulsion. Microsurgical repair was not attempted as vessels amenable to anastomosis could not be found. Instead, the auricle was replanted in a non-microsurgical manner as a composite graft using Monocryl sutures. As a preventative measure for clot formation heparin was injected intradermally throughout the anterior auricular surface and helix. Twenty-four hours postoperatively, as signs of venous congestion were noted, a multimodal therapy was initiated combining mechanical, chemical and biological therapies. Medicinal leech therapy (hirudotherapy) was used to enhance venous drainage and prevent clot formation. Hirudotherapy is an effective and safe treatment modality for venous outflow obstruction in avulsed auricle injuries. However, one must consider the possible complications of leech therapy and the need for close monitoring. An examination conducted two months following the initial injury revealed optimal patient outcomes with excellent aesthetic results and full auricular sensation. Good vascular outflow is integral to the successful salvage of replanted tissues. Venous stasis must be identified and addressed early for good patient outcomes. The current report highlights the importance of a multifaceted approach in cases of traumatic auricular avulsions followed by venous congestion.


Assuntos
Amputação Traumática , Hiperemia , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Humanos , Masculino , Microcirurgia , Reimplante
17.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 637-641, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773792

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the initial clinical experience and follow-up results of the treatment for ureteroileal anastomotic stricture after radical cystectomy with Allium coated metal ureteral stent. METHODS: From September 2018 to September 2019, 8 patients with ureteroileal anastomotic stricture after radical cystectomy underwent Allium ureteral stent insertion in Peking University People's Hospital and People's Hospital of Daxing District. The preoperative renal pelvis width under ultrasound was collected to evaluate the postoperative hydronephrosis, creatinine and urea nitrogen (BUN) before and after surgery, perioperative infection, and stent-related complications. The serum creatinine and BUN, renal pelvis width under ultrasound, urography and abdominal plain film (KUB) were reviewed at the end of 1, 3, and 6 months and annually postoperatively to observe the stent position and morphology. The long-term stent patency rate, complication rate, renal function and hydronephrosis were followed up and analyzed. The t-test or rank-sum test was used to compare the measurement data of the matched sample from the preoperative to the last follow-up. RESULTS: In the study, 6 cases (7 sides) were ureteral ileal conduit stricture, and 2 cases (3 sides) ureteral orthotopic neobladder stricture. Before surgery, 5 patients underwent long-term indwelling of a single J ureteral stent, with an average indwelling time of (20.6±8.8) months and an average replacement frequency of (3.6±1.3) months/time. The mean width of renal pelvis was (26.5±9.1) mm on preoperative renal ultrasonography. Among them, 6 patients were successfully indwelled with Allium coated metal ureteral stent by retrograde approach, and 2 patients by combination of double-endoscopy and ante-retrograde approach. No surgery-related complications during perioperative period were observed. The mean follow-up period was 9.8 months and Allium stent and ureter remained unobstructed in all the patients at the last follow-up without replacement or removal. Compared with preoperative data, the mean width of renal pelvis and mean blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in the last follow-up period were significantly reduced [(26.5±9.1) mm vs. (13.4±2.5) mm, P=0.008; (11.6±2.3) mmol/L vs. (10.2±2.2) mmol/L, P=0.017], however, there were no significant differences in the average serum creatinine or hemoglobin (P>0.05). Ureteroileal anastomotic re-stricture and other stent-related complications were not observed in all the patients by antegrade urography. CONCLUSION: Allium coated metal ureteral stent could be used for the treatment for ureteroileal anastomotic stricture, which could maintain relatively long-term patency rate and protect renal function. The indwelling time was longer and it could improve quality of life of patients.


Assuntos
Ureter , Obstrução Ureteral , Derivação Urinária , Allium , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Constrição Patológica , Cistectomia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metais , Qualidade de Vida , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia
18.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 646-650, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects and characteristics of combined transperineal and transpubic urethroplasty for patients with complex pelvic fracture urethral distraction defect (PFUDD). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 17 male patients with complex posterior PFUDD from January 2010 to December 2019. The complications included urethrorectal fistulas in 2 patients (11.8%), urethroperineal fistula in 1 patient (5.9%). Ten patients had undergone previous treatments: dilatation in 3 patients (17.6%), internal urethrotomy in 1 patient, failed urethroplasty in 6 patients (35.3%), of whom 2 patients had two times of failed urethroplasties. All the patients were performed with urethroplasty by combined transperineal and transpubic approach with removing the entire pubic bone followed by the anastomosis. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients included in this study was 35.5 (range: 21-62) years. The mean length of stricture was 5.5 (range: 4.5-7.0) cm, the mean follow-up was 27 (range: 7-110) months, the mean time of operation was 190 (range: 150-260) min, the mean evaluated blood loss was 460 (range: 200-1 200) mL. There were 5 patients who needed blood transfusion intraoperatively or postoperatively. Wound infection was seen in 4 out of 17 patients and thrombosis of lower extremities in 1 out of 17 patients. The last follow-up showed that the mean postoperative maximum urinary flow rate was 22.7 (range: 15.5-40.7) mL/s. After removing the catheter, one patient presented with decreased urinary flow and symptoms of urinary infection. Cystoscopy showed the recurrent anastomotic stricture, which was cured by internal urethrotomy. In our series, the success rate of the combined transperineal and transpubic urethroplasty was 94.1% (16/17). CONCLUSION: Combined transperineal and transpubic urtheroplasty can achieve a tension free anastomosis after removing the entire wedge of pubis in some patients with complex PFUDD. However, this procedure should be completed in a regional referral hospital due to the complexity of the operation and the high percentage of complications.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Ossos Pélvicos , Estreitamento Uretral , Adulto , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Uretra , Adulto Jovem
19.
Cir. pediátr ; 33(3): 119-124, jul. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193553

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La estenosis esofágica es la complicación más frecuente tras la corrección de la atresia esofágica (AE). El objetivo de este estudio es el análisis de los índices de estenosis de la anastomosis (IEA: relación entre los diámetros de los bolsones y de la estenosis en el esofagograma posoperatorio) como predictores de la necesidad de dilatación esofágica. MÉTODOS: Se diseña un estudio retrospectivo incluyendo los pacientes con AE y anastomosis esofágica en nuestro centro entre 2009-2017, calculando los IEA del bolsón proximal (IEA-proximal) y distal (IEA-distal) en el primer y segundo esofagograma posoperatorio, analizando su correlación con el número de dilataciones esofágicas que necesitaron. Para el análisis estadístico se ha empleado el test de correlación de Spearman y las curvas ROC. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 31 pacientes: 21 precisaron dilatación esofágica (67%) y 11 de ellos (35%) 3 o más dilataciones. No se demostró relación estadísticamente significativa entre los IEA del primer esofagograma con la necesidad de dilatación esofágica (p > 0,05). Se observó una relación entre el IEA-proximal (rho = 0,84, p < 0,05) y el número de dilataciones en el segundo esofagograma. Ningún paciente con ASI-proximal < 0,55 necesitó dilatación; los pacientes con ASI-proximal entre 0,55-0,79 precisaron menos de 3 dilataciones y los pacientes con ASI-proximal > 0,79 presentaron alto riesgo de necesitar 3 o más dilataciones. CONCLUSIÓN: Según los resultados de nuestro estudio, la medición de IEA en el segundo esofagograma constituye una herramienta útil para predecir el manejo posoperatorio en pacientes con AE, especialmente en la identificación de aquellos con menor riesgo de someterse a múltiples dilataciones


INTRODUCTION: Anastomotic stricture is the most common complication following esophageal atresia (EA) surgical repair. The objective of this study was to evaluate Anastomotic Stricture Index (ASI: relationship between pouch and stricture diameters in the postoperative esophagram) as a predictor of the need for esophageal dilatation. Methods. A retrospective review of all patients undergoing EA repair in our healthcare facility from 2009 to 2017 was designed. Proximal pouch ASI (proximal ASI) and distal pouch ASI (distal ASI) in the first and second postoperative esophagram were calculated, and correlation with the number of esophageal dilatations required was studied. For statistical analysis purposes, Spearman's correlation test and ROC curves were used. RESULTS: Of the 31 patients included, 21 (67.7%) required esophageal dilatation, and 11 (35.5%) required 3 or more dilatations. The relationship between ASIs in the first esophagram and the need for esophageal dilatation was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). The relationship between proximal ASI (RHO = 0.84, p < 0.05) and the number of dilatations in the second esophagram was statistically significant. None of the patients with < 0.55 proximal ASI required dilatation; patients with 0.55-0.79 proximal ASI required less than 3 dilatations; and patients with > 0.79 proximal ASI had a high risk of requiring 3 or more dilatations. CONCLUSION: According to our study, measuring ASI in the second esophagram proves useful in predicting EA patients' postoperative management, especially when it comes to identifying patients with lower risk of undergoing multiple dilatations


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Feminino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Atresia Esofágica/cirurgia , Estenose Esofágica/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Curva ROC , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Toracotomia
20.
Acta Cir Bras ; 35(5): e202000504, 2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638844

RESUMO

PURPOSE: 5-flourourasil (5-FU) is commonly used for early intraperitoneal chemotherapy in colorectal or appendiceal cancer patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. Due to its effect, anastomosis healing can be impaired and leads to anastomotic leakage. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential healing effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on colonic anastomosis impaired by intraperitoneal 5-flourouracil application. METHODS: After ten rats were sacrificed for preparing PRP, forty Wistar-albino rats were subjected to colonic anastomosis, and randomly allocated into four groups including 10 rats each. According to receiving PRP and/or 5-FU application, the groups were formed as control (C), 5-FU without PRP (CT), anastomosis with PRP (C-PRP), and 5-FU with PRP (CT-PRP). CT and CT-PRP groups also received 5-FU intraperitoneally on postoperative day 1 (POD 1). All animals were euthanized on pod 7. The body weight change, anastomotic bursting pressure (ABP), tissue hydroxiprolin (TH) and histopathological examination of each group were analyzed. RESULTS: 5-FU application significantly reduced ABP levels when compared with group C, C-PRP and CT-PRP (for each comparison, p<0,01). PRP application in CT-PRP group raised the measure of ABP up to the levels of C group. Although tissue hydroxyproline levels (THL) levels of CT-PRP group were found higher than CT group, it was not significant (p=0.112). Microscopically, comparing with CT group, PRP application significantly promoted the healing of colonic anastomosis subjected to 5-FU application by improving tissue edema, necrosis, submucosal bridging and collagen formation (p<0.05). Tissue healing in CT-PRP group was observed as good as the control groups. (C, C-PRP, p=0.181, p=0.134; respectively). CONCLUSION: PRP administration on colonic anastomosis significantly promotes the healing process of anastomosis in rats receiving 5-FU. This result encourages further clinical use of PRP to reduce the frequency of AL in patients receiving EPIC.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Colo , Fluoruracila , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Cicatrização , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Animais , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Hidroxiprolina , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
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