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1.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 115(4): 493-504, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876023

RESUMO

Introduction: The laparoscopic approach to right colectomy is gradually gaining a leading role in the surgical treatment of right colonic diseases. However, not all aspects of the procedure are standardized and the method of reconstruction of the digestive tract is still under debate. The present study critically evaluates the extracorporeal (EA) and intracorporeal (IA) techniques used for creation of the ileocolic anastomosis during a laparoscopic right colectomy. Material and Method: The EA and IA anastomotic techniques are described in detail. The peri operative data of a cohort of consecutive patients operated by our surgical team was retrospectively recorded and analyzed regarding type of anastomosis, the path for transition from EA to IA and the incidence of postoperative complications. Furthermore, an analysis of randomized clinical trials, reviews and meta-analyses that provided a comparative evaluation of EA versus IA was performed to provide a more in-depth integration of our own data into the literature. Results: EA was used at the beginning of our experience but was later replaced by IA which became the favorite anastomotic technique. There was no anastomotic fistula recorded in the EA or IA groups but in our cohort IA was unexpectedly associated with higher incidence of peritoneal drainage, prolonged ileus, surgical site infections, anastomotic bleeding and chyloperitoneum. However, IA allows better visualization of the ileal and colonic stumps, avoids twisting of the anastomosis, prevents extraction-related tearing of the mesocolon and reduces the risk of post operative hernia. Data from the literature also shows that IA is generally associated with earlier postoperative return of bowel function, less morbidity and less postoperative pain. Conclusions: Based on this study and the data currently present in the literature it can not be concluded that IA should be considered as the standard of care for laparoscopic right colectomy. The decision for an EA or IA anastomosis ultimately belongs to the surgeon and is influenced by his surgical skill and experience. The results of ongoing randomized controlled trials on large group of patients may bring more clarity on this issue in the future.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/normas , Colectomia/normas , Colo Ascendente/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Íleo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/normas , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Colectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 979-983, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921662

RESUMO

The Fontan procedure is a palliative surgery performed for patients with complex congenital heart disease who exhibit functional single ventricular physiology. Although clinical outcomes of the Fontan procedure have improved in recent years and most patients who undergo the procedure reach adulthood, Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) is a noncardiovascular complication that has become increasingly common; its risk factors remain unknown.A total of 95 patients who underwent the Fontan procedure and who were followed up for at least three years at Gunma Children's Medical Center and Kitasato University Hospital between 1996 and 2015 were retrospectively enrolled in this study.The mean age of the patients at the time of Fontan procedure was 2.3 ± 1.4 years. Overall, 21 patients (23.1%) experienced FALD. All Fontan procedures were performed with extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection using 16-mm expanded polytetrafluoroethylene grafts. The presence of systemic right ventricle, requirement of pulmonary vasodilator, application of a non-fenestrated Fontan procedure, and absence of fenestration flow at the time of follow-up catheter examination were identified as predictors of FALD using univariate analysis. All these factors, except the requirement of pulmonary vasodilator, remained significant predictors of FALD in multivariate logistic regression analysis.Patients with a systemic right ventricle who undergo the Fontan procedure are at a high risk of FALD in the mid-term. Creating fenestration at the time of Fontan and maintaining the fenestration flow may reduce the mid-term risk of FALD.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Pressão Venosa Central/fisiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Lactente , Hepatopatias/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resistência Vascular
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21439, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756156

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Duodenal atresia in association with situs inversus abdominus is extremely rare. Care should be taken when selecting appropriate surgical methods, and caution should be exercised during the surgery to avoid misdiagnosis and mistreatment. With prompt recognition of the condition, the surgical procedure should be performed in a timely manner to achieve positive results. PATIENT CONCERNS: A newborn affected by situs inversus abdominus associated with duodenal atresia, midgut malrotation, and volvulus. DIAGNOSIS: Congenital duodenal atresia with situs inversus abdominis. INTERVENTIONS: Diamond-shaped duodenoduodenostomy with appendectomy was performed, with the release of Ladd band and correction of the malrotation. OUTCOMES: The baby boy is thriving well with no abdominal complaints at 4 years of surgical follow-up. LESSONS: Although several theories are put forward to clarify this matter, the proper cause of duodenal atresia is not well defined. Clinical symptoms and examinations can assist diagnosis, the definitive cause should be ascertained by surgical approach. And the operating surgeon must be aware of the "mirror anatomy" to prevent unnecessary injuries. Additionally, long-term prognosis for duodenal atresia are very good, therefore, careful attention in postoperative management are important in such a case.


Assuntos
Obstrução Duodenal/congênito , Obstrução Duodenal/complicações , Obstrução Duodenal/cirurgia , Duodeno/cirurgia , Atresia Intestinal/complicações , Atresia Intestinal/cirurgia , Situs Inversus/complicações , Assistência ao Convalescente , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Apendicectomia/métodos , Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório/complicações , Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório/diagnóstico , Obstrução Duodenal/diagnóstico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Atresia Intestinal/diagnóstico , Volvo Intestinal/complicações , Volvo Intestinal/diagnóstico , Masculino , Situs Inversus/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Ann Surg ; 272(2): 210-217, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This trial aimed to provide randomized controlled data comparing Kono-S anastomosis and stapled ileocolic side-to-side anastomosis. BACKGROUND: Recently, a new antimesenteric, functional, end-to-end, hand-sewn ileocolic anastomosis (Kono-S) has shown a significant reduction in endoscopic recurrence score and surgical recurrence rate in Crohn disease (CD). METHODS: Randomized controlled trial (RCT) at a tertiary referral institution. Primary endpoint: endoscopic recurrence (ER) (Rutgeerts score ≥i2) after 6 months. Secondary endpoints: clinical recurrence (CR) after 12 and 24 months, ER after 18 months, and surgical recurrence (SR) after 24 months. RESULTS: In all, 79 ileocolic CD patients were randomized in Kono group (36) and Conventional group (43). After 6 months, 22.2% in the Kono group and 62.8% in the Conventional group presented an ER [P < 0.001, odds ratio (OR) 5.91]. A severe postoperative ER (Rutgeerts score ≥i3) was found in 13.8% of Kono versus 34.8% of Conventional group patients (P = 0.03, OR 3.32). CR rate was 8% in the Kono group versus 18% in the Conventional group after 12 months (P = 0.2), and 18% versus 30.2% after 24 months (P = 0.04, OR 3.47). SR rate after 24 months was 0% in the Kono group versus 4.6% in the Conventional group (P = 0.3). Patients with Kono-S anastomosis presented a longer time until CR than patients with side-to-side anastomosis (hazard ratio 0.36, P = 0.037). On binary logistic regression analysis, the Kono-S anastomosis was the only variable significantly associated with a reduced risk of ER (OR 0.19, P < 0.001). There were no differences in postoperative outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first RCT comparing Kono-S anastomosis and standard anastomosis in CD. The results demonstrate a significant reduction in postoperative endoscopic and clinical recurrence rate for patients who underwent Kono-S anastomosis, and no safety issues.ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT02631967.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Colectomia/métodos , Doença de Crohn/cirurgia , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Mesentério/patologia , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Colo/cirurgia , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Endoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Íleo/cirurgia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Ann Surg ; 272(2): 220-226, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a novel instrument to measure SEVERE processes using video data. BACKGROUND: Surgical video data can serve an important role in understanding the relationship between intraoperative events and postoperative outcomes. However, a standard tool to measure severity of intraoperative events is not yet available. METHODS: Items to be included in the instrument were identified through literature and video reviews. A committee of experts guided item reduction, including pilot tests and revisions, and determined weighted scores. Content validity was evaluated using a validated sensibility questionnaire. Inter-rater reliability was assessed by calculating intraclass correlation coefficient. Construct validity was evaluated on a sample of 120 patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure, in which comprehensive video data was obtained. RESULTS: SEVERE index measures severity of 5 event types using ordinal scales. Each intraoperative event is given a weighted score out of 10. Inter-rater reliability was excellent [0.87 (95%-confidence interval, 0.77-0.92)]. In a sample of consecutive 120 patients undergoing gastric bypass procedures, a median of 12 events [interquartile range (IQR) 9-18] occurred per patient and bleeding was the most frequent type (median 10, IQR 7-14). The median SEVERE score per case was 11.3 (IQR 8.3-16.9). In risk-adjusted multivariable regression models, history of previous abdominal surgery (P = 0.02) and body mass index (P = 0.005) were associated with SEVERE scores, demonstrating construct validity evidence. CONCLUSION: The SEVERE index may prove to be a useful instrument in identifying patients with high risk of developing postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Gravação em Vídeo , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Adulto , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Coortes , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/prevenção & controle , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Ontário , Projetos Piloto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(8): 600-603, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727190

RESUMO

In order to increase the blood supply of anastomosis, surgeons choose to preserve the left colon artery (LCA) during the laparoscopic radical resection of rectal cancer. However, surgeons are always ailed by hemorrhage and incompletely dissection of No. 253 lymph nodes. One reason is the shortage of understanding the relationship between inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), LCA, and inferior mesenteric vein before surgery. Another reason is that surgeon always remove the lymph nodes around LCA, while don't normatively resect No. 253 lymph nodes, which affect the overall survival rate. Therefore, the "medial-to-lateral approach" for laparoscopic preservation with LCA radical resection in rectal cancer was suggested in this article. The CT technique could be used to analyze the IMA classification, which contribuated to the standard conservation of LCA. Laparoscopic radical resection of rectal cancer could be completed of high quality, through accurate definition and exactly dissection of the No. 235 lymph nodes.


Assuntos
Artéria Mesentérica Inferior/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/anatomia & histologia , Reto/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/fisiologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Artéria Mesentérica Inferior/anatomia & histologia , Veias Mesentéricas/anatomia & histologia , Veias Mesentéricas/cirurgia , Reto/irrigação sanguínea
9.
Am Surg ; 86(6): 621-627, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To identify the association between the width of the gastric conduit and the benign anastomotic stricture (BAS) after esophagectomy with end-to-side cervical anastomosis for esophageal cancer. METHODS: Patients with esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy between July 2013 and July 2014 were included in this study. The gastric conduit was used for reconstruction in all patients and end-to-side cervical anastomosis were performed using a circular stapler. The patients were divided into a narrow group (3-5 cm) and a wide group (>5 cm) based on the gastric conduit width. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to analyze the possible factors (patients' age, gender, preoperative comorbidities, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, gastric conduit width, anastomotic leakage) that could affect the incidence of BAS. RESULTS: Two-hundred and one patients were included in this study. The median follow-up period was 29 months (17-58 months). Seven cases (3.5%) showed anastomotic leakage in the postoperative period and 38 patients (18.9%) developed BAS; all within the first year of follow-up. In univariate analysis, the width of the gastric conduit was the only risk factor for the development of BAS (odds ratio [OR] = 3.36, P = .005). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the wide group was an independent significant risk factor for the development of BAS developing compared with the narrow group (OR = 2.84, P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: A wide gastric conduit width (>5 cm) is an independent risk factor for the development of BAS after esophagectomy and stapled cervical end-to-side anastomosis for esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica/etiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Esofagectomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Estômago/cirurgia
10.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 7(22): 369-374, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Following an intestinal anastomotic leak, stoma creation may be the safest approach. However, this method may be challenging and cause significant morbidity. In selected cases, a T drain approach can be beneficial and a stoma can be avoided. OBJECTIVES: To present one group's experience with a T drain approach for anastomotic leaks. METHODS: Data on patients who underwent emergent re-laparotomy following gastrointestinal anastomotic leaks were retrieved retrospectively and assessed with a new intra-operative leak severity score. RESULTS: Of 1684 gastrointestinal surgeries performed from 2014 to 2018, 41 (2.4%) cases of anastomotic leaks were taken for re-laparotomy. Cases included different sites and etiologies. Twelve patients were treated with a T-tube drain inserted through the leak site, 18 had a stoma taken out, 6 re-anastomosis, 4 were treated with an Endosponge, and one primary repair with a proximal ileostomy was conducted. T drain approach was successful in 11 of 12 patients (92%) with full recovery. One patient did not improve and underwent reoperation with resection and re-anastomosis. A severity score of anastomotic integrity is provided to help surgeons in decision making. CONCLUSIONS: A T drain approach can be an optimal solution in selected cases following an intestinal anastomotic leak. When the leak is limited, the remaining anastomosis is intact and the abdominal environment allows it, a T drain can be used and a stoma can be avoided.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Drenagem/métodos , Laparotomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(3): 209-216, jun. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115544

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: Si bien la anastomosis intracorpórea (AI) ha demostrado beneficios clínicos sobre la anastomosis extracorpórea (AE) en la hemicolectomía derecha laparoscópica (HDL), su aplicación ha sido limitada por su dificultad técnica y curva de aprendizaje más larga. El presente estudio busca desarrollar y evaluar un modelo simulado para entrenar este procedimiento. Materiales y Método: Se desarrolló un modelo en base a tejido ex vivo, con colon porcino e intestino bovino, montados en un simulador de laparoscopía. Este se modificó sucesivamente en base a entrevistas semiestructuradas a cirujanos hasta lograr el modelo final. Para evaluar apariencia y reacción al modelo, coloproctólogos, cirujanos y residentes previamente expuestos a entrenamiento simulado, realizaron una ileotransverso anastomosis mecánica en el modelo y luego contestaron una encuesta. Resultados: Doce sujetos participaron. Cuatro coloproctólogos, 4 residentes de coloproctología, 2 residentes de cirugía general, 1 cirujano general y 1 cirujano digestivo. El 91,6% valoró positivamente la ergonomía lograda, mientras que el 83,3% y 75% valoraron positivamente el uso del instrumental y la relación anatómica entre estructuras, respectivamente. Todos los participantes consideraron el modelo útil para entrenar sutura manual laparoscópica, el 91,6% para entrenar enterotomías y 83,3% para entrenar el uso de endograpadora. Todos declararon que el módulo permite entender y reflexionar sobre la técnica propuesta. Conclusión: Este modelo desarrollado sería útil para entrenar habilidades críticas para realizar una AI en HDL. Su incorporación a un programa de entrenamiento en laparoscopía avanzada podría contribuir a acortar la curva de aprendizaje de este procedimiento.


Introduction: Although intracorporeal anastomosis has demonstrated clinical benefits over extracorporeal anastomosis in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy, its application has been limited due to its technical difficulty and longer learning curve. The present study aims to develop and evaluate a simulated model to train this procedure. Materials and Method: An ex vivo tissue model was developed with porcine colon and bovine small bowel mounted in a laparoscopic simulator. This was subsequently modified based on semi-structured interviews to experts until the final model was achieved. To evaluate appearance and reaction to the model, the participants performed an ileocolic mechanical anastomosis in the model and answered a survey. Results: Twelve subjects participated. Four colorectal surgeons, 4 colorectal surgery fellows, 2 residents of general surgery, 1 general surgeon and 1 upper digestive surgeon. Of all subjects, 91.6%, 83.3% and 75% deemed ergonomics achieved, the use of instruments, and the anatomical relationship between structures as similar to reality, respectively. All participants deemed the model useful to train laparoscopic manual suturing, while 91.6% and 83.3% of them considered it useful to train enterotomies and the use of an endostapler, respectively. All declared that the model allows to understand the proposed technique. Conclusion: This model would be useful to train critical skills to perform an intracorporeal anastomosis in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. Its incorporation into an advanced simulated laparoscopy training program could help shorten the learning curve of this procedure.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Cirurgiões/educação , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Laparoscopia/métodos , Colectomia/métodos
12.
Updates Surg ; 72(3): 659-669, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594369

RESUMO

When the standard arterial reconstruction is not feasible during liver transplantation (LT), aorto-hepatic arterial reconstruction (AHAR) can be the only solution to save the graft. AHAR can be performed on the infrarenal (IR) or supraceliac (SC) tract of the aorta, but the possible effect on outcome of selecting SC versus IR reconstruction is still unclear. One hundred and twenty consecutive patients who underwent liver transplantation with AHAR in six European centres between January 2003 and December 2018 were retrospectively analysed to ascertain whether the incidence of hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) was influenced by the type of AHAR (IR-AHAR vs. SC-AHAR). In 56/120 (46.6%) cases, an IR anastomosis was performed, always using an interposition arterial conduit. In the other 64/120 (53.4%) cases, an SC anastomosis was performed; an arterial conduit was used in 45/64 (70.3%) cases. Incidence of early (≤ 30 days) HAT was in 6.2% (4/64) in the SC-AHAR and 10.7% (6/56) IR-AHAR group (p = 0.512) whilst incidence of late HAT was significantly lower in the SC-AHAR group (4.7% (3/64) vs 19.6% (11/56) - p = 0.024). IR-AHAR was the only independent risk factor for HAT (exp[B] = 3.915; 95% CI 1.400-10.951; p = 0.009). When AHAR is necessary at liver transplantation, the use of the supraceliac aorta significantly reduces the incidence of hepatic artery thrombosis and should therefore be recommended whenever possible.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Artéria Hepática/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/epidemiologia , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(6): 507-512, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575949

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the safety, feasibility and short-term efficacy of totally laparoscopic left colectomy for left colon cancer by using overlapped delta-shaped anastomosis technique for digestive tract reconstruction. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to collect the clinical data of 86 patients with left colon cancer who underwent laparoscopic surgery in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from October, 2017 to February, 2019. The patients were divided into totally laparoscopic left-sided colectomy (TLLC) (treatment group, n=25 cases) and laparoscopic-assisted left-sided colectomy (LALC) (control group, n=61 cases). The intraoperative and postoperative data were compared between the two groups. Results: There were no surgical-related deaths in both groups. All the patients in the TLLC group underwent laparoscopic resection, while one patient in the LALC group transfer to open surgery. The operation time in TLLC group and LALC group were (164.5±42.3) min and (171.0±43.1) min, respectively, without statistically significant difference (P=0.516). However, the intraoperative blood loss of patients in the TLLC group was (36.4±22.7) ml, which was significantly less than (52.9±32.2) ml in the LALC group (P=0.026). The anastomosis time in the TLLC group was (39.1±6.5) min, which was significantly longer than (24.9±5.4) min in the LALC group (P<0.001). Postoperative exhaust time in the TLLC group was (2.6±0.5) days, which was significantly shorter than (3.3±0.8) days in the LALC group (P<0.001). The incision length in the TLLC group was (4.2±2.2) cm, significantly shorter than (7.0±2.5) cm in the LALC group (P<0.001). The length of the resected bowel was (21.0±7.3) cm in the TLLC group, which was significantly longer than (17.5±5.4) cm in the LALC group (P=0.037). The length of hospital stay in the TLLC group was (6.2±1.9) days, which was significantly shorter than (7.9±1.5) days in the LALC group (P<0.001). The incidences of postoperative complications in the TLLC group and LALC group were 0 and 4.9% (3/61), respectively, without statistically significant (P=0.553). No anastomotic complications occurred in both groups. During the follow-up period, neither group of patients was hospitalized again, and no tumor metastasis or recurrence occurred. Conclusions: It is safe and feasible to apply the TLLC with overlapped delta-shaped anastomosis in patients with left colon cancer. It has better short-term effects such as shorter incisions, faster recovery, and shorter postoperative hospital stays, and is worthy of further promotion.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Colectomia/métodos , Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Fístula do Sistema Digestório/epidemiologia , Fístula do Sistema Digestório/etiologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Incidência , Tempo de Internação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(6): 602-605, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521983

RESUMO

Objective: To observe preventive effect of intestinal stent against anastomotic leakage after rectal cancer operation. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was carried out. Clinical data of 107 patients with low rectal cancer undergoing laparoscopic radical resection from January 2015 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Intestinal stent was placed intraoperatively in 48 cases and was not placed in 59 cases. Postoperative Wexner score for anal function and incidence of anastomotic leakage were compared between patients with and without intstinal stent. Results: There was no significant differences in age, distance between tumor and the anal verge, operative time and postoperative Wexner score for anal function between the two groups (all P>0.05). After a month of follow-up, the incidence of anastomotic leakage was 16.9% (10/59) in the non-stent group, while no anastomotic leakage was found in the stent group (P=0.002). Conclusion: Placement of intestinal stent can effectively prevent anastomotic leakage after low rectal cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Protectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Stents , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Humanos , Protectomia/métodos , Implantação de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Int J Surg ; 78: 173-178, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387214

RESUMO

AIMS & OBJECTIVES: The hand-sewn method of bowel anastomosis is the most common because of its affordability, familiarity and easy availability of materials. It can be done in single or double layers, with different surgeons preferring one technique over the other. Double layer intestinal anastomosis (DLIA) is time-consuming, challenging to perform, and carries possibly a higher risk of devascularisation, infection, and necrosis. Studies conducted so far do not show a significant difference between the two, but have concluded that more studies are required to determine this definitively. This study attempted to see whether the single layer intestinal anastomosis (SLIA) is non-inferior to DLIA in terms of incidence of anastomotic leak. It also compared mortality, morbidity, and length of hospitalization (LOH) between the two groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a parallel arm, open labelled, non-inferiority randomized controlled trial conducted in the department of surgery in a tertiary care centre between October 2016 and March 2018. Patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were randomly allotted to two groups: Patients undergoing SLIA and patients undergoing DLIA. After the procedure, all patients were assessed for anastomotic leak, morbidity, mortality and LOH in the postoperative period. A 3-month follow-up period was observed for complications. RESULTS: A total of 106 patients were randomised, 52 in SLIA and 54 in DLIA. Baseline demographic and clinicopathological characteristics between the two groups were comparable. The most common indication for intestinal anastomosis was ostomy closure in both groups. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of anastomotic leak, other complications, mortality and LOH. CONCLUSION: SLIA was comparable to DLIA with respect to incidence of anastomotic leak, morbidity, mortality, and the length of hospitalization, and can be considered as a safe and feasible alternative, in elective and emergency settings.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Intestinos/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/reabilitação , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Centros de Atenção Terciária
16.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 100, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer is feasible but less commonly performed compared to laparoscopic distal gastrectomy due to technical difficulties such as reconstruction. There is no standard esophagojejunal anastomosis technique in laparoscopic total gastrectomy due to a lack of evidence. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 213 patients with gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopic total gastrectomy from October 2012 to December 2016. Of these, 109 and 104 patients underwent esophagojejunostomy with linear and circular stapling, respectively. We compared short-term postoperative outcomes, including surgical complications and anastomosis costs between both groups. RESULTS: The mean operation time in the linear stapler group was longer than the circular stapler group (Linear stapler, 235.3 ± 57.9 vs. Circular stapler, 217.1 ± 55.8 min; P = 0.021); however, D2 lymph node dissection was performed more in the linear stapler group (Linear stapler, 36.7% vs. Circular stapler, 23.1%; P = 0.030). There were two anastomosis leakages in each group (Linear stapler, 1.8% vs. Circular stapler, 1.9%; P > 0.999). Anastomosis stenosis only occurred in the circular stapler group (Linear stapler, 0% vs. Circular stapler, 7.7%; P = 0.003). Although the linear stapling technique used more stapler cartridges (Linear stapler, 7.6 ± 1.1 vs. Circular stapler, 4.8 ± 0.9; P < 0.001), costs related to anastomosis were lower in the linear stapler group (Linear stapler, 1,904,679 ± 342,116 vs. Circular stapler, 2,246,150 ± 427,136KRW; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Esophagojejunostomy with the linear stapling technique reduces anastomosis stenosis in laparoscopic total gastrectomy. It can be recommended as a safe and more cost-effective method for esophagojejunal anastomosis.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/métodos , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Constrição Patológica/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 102, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To retrospectively evaluate the feasibility and safety of intraoperative assessment of bowel perfusion in totally laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer using indocyanine green fluorescence imaging (IGFI). METHODS: From October 2017 to June 2019, consecutive patients with colon cancer who underwent totally laparoscopic surgery were enrolled retrospectively and grouped into the IGFI group (n = 84) and control group (n = 105). In the IGFI group, indocyanine green (ICG) was injected intravenously, and the bowel perfusion was observed using a fluorescence camera system prior to and after completion of the anastomosis. RESULTS: The two groups were demographically comparable. The IGFI group exhibited a significantly shorter operative time (p = 0.0374) while intraoperative blood loss did not significantly differ among the groups (p = 0.062). In the IGFI group, average time to perfusion fluorescence was 48.4 ± 14.0 s after ICG injection, and four patients (4.8%) were required to choose a more proximal point of resection due to the lack of adequate fluorescence at the point previously selected. There were no differences in terms of pathological outcomes, postoperative recovery and the postoperative complication rates between the groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: IGFI shows promise as a safe and feasible tool to assess bowel perfusion during a totally laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer and may reduce the operative time.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Verde de Indocianina , Laparoscopia/métodos , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Feminino , Fluorescência , Humanos , Intestinos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Perfusão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 35(9): 1797-1800, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458395

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Since the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), it became evident that a proportion of patients may present with gastrointestinal symptoms. CASE: We report the case of a Covid-19-infected patient who, during recovery from the pulmonary pneumonia, had gastrointestinal symptoms followed by a diastasic right colon perforation due to acute over distension of the bowel. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the importance of paying attention to initial gastrointestinal symptoms in order to prevent possible complications.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Perfuração Intestinal/complicações , Perfuração Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/complicações , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Emergências , Seguimentos , Humanos , Perfuração Intestinal/cirurgia , Laparotomia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Medição de Risco , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/diagnóstico , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Orv Hetil ; 161(21): 861-866, 2020 05.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427570

RESUMO

The surgical management of congenital heart defects is changing continuously due to technical development. Aortic coarctation is one of the most frequent congenital heart diseases often with serious symptoms. The authors review the different surgical techniques (end-to-end anastomosis, pathplasty, interposition) and present the up-to-date procedures from infancy to adulthood. We assess the results, the benefits and disadvantages of the different procedures based on our and international experiences. The greatest surgical challenges are the management of the serious hypoplastic aortic arch in infancy and later evolving restenosis and complications (aneurysm, dissection). Nowadays, the management of aortic coarctation is very difficult because the surgical procedures are different in infancy, childhood and adult age. In the latter two cases, it is necessary to apply catheter interventions, too, the correct timing of which also present great challenges nowadays. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(21): 861-866.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Coartação Aórtica/cirurgia , Adulto , Aorta , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
20.
J Surg Oncol ; 122(2): 328-335, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436267

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sleeve resection is an established oncological operative treatment for centrally located tumors with reduced complications compared to pneumonectomy. In cases of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, the optimal timing of surgery for bronchial anastomotic healing has not been adequately explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2017, 584 tracheobronchial sleeve resections were retrospectively analyzed. We selected all patients (n = 88) after sleeve lobectomy or sleeve bilobectomy for lung cancer with fully completed neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Bronchial healing was assessed by bronchoscopy on the 7th postoperative day using our earlier published classification from grades 1 to 5. RESULTS: The median interval to surgery was 50 days (interquartile range 46-53, mean 50.03 ± 3.72). Mean anastomotic grade was 2.05 ± 1.03 and in 29.5% of the patients a critical anastomosis (grade ≥3) was documented. Anastomotic healing showed optimal results (bronchoscopic grade mean value: 1.5 ± 0.70) between the 6th and 8th postchemoradiotherapy week (P = .001). All patients operated before (bronchoscopic grade mean value: 2.3 ± 1.02) or after the above period (bronchoscopic grade mean value: 2.5 ± 1.15) had an increased ratio of anastomotic healing complications. CONCLUSION: It is safer to perform sleeve-resections for non-small cell lung cancer after neoadjuvant trimodal treatment between the 6th and 8th week of completion of chemoradiotherapy.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
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