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1.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(12): 1188-1195, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874537

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy of purse-string skin closure (PSC) and linear skin closure (LSC) in stoma reversal. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing the use of PSC and LSC during stoma reversal were searched from Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI net, Wanfang database, VIP Chinese Science and Technology Journal Database. Literature inclusion criteria: (1) randomized controlled trials about comparing PSC and LSC in stoma reversal published publicly; only including English literature; (2) patients undergoing stoma (ileostomy or colostomy) reversal without limitation of age, sex and ethnicity; (3) PSC group receiving the suture of the dermis layer of the skin by purse-string suture, and forming a pore channel in the center of the skin after tightening and knotting, in order to achieve the purpose of secondary healing; the LSC group receiving the suture of the skin with conventional simple interrupted suture; (4) the enrolled literatures needed to include at least one of the following outcome indicators: the primary outcome was the incidence of SSI; the secondary outcome included the operation time, incisional hernia, hospital stay and patient satisfaction. Literature exclusion criteria: (1) duplicate published studies, incomplete studies, reviews, case reports, unpublished literature, retrospective studies, non-RCT. The search time ended on November 15, 2018. The basic information and important outcome indicators of the included articles were extracted. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used to evaluate the quality of the selected literatures. Patient satisfaction was assessed using the following scales: (1) the patient and observer scar assessment scale (POSAS); (2) the body image questionnaire (BIQ); (3) Likert scale; (4) short form 36 (SF-36), version 2; (5) visual analog scale (VAS). Meta-analysis was performed using Review manager 5.3 software provided by the Cochrane Collaboration. Results: A total of 9 randomized controlled trials were included, involving 806 patients with 411 cases in the PSC group and 395 cases in the LSC group. Baseline data such as age, gender, body mass index (BMI), underlying disease, and anesthesia grading were not significantly different between the two groups (all P>0.05). The quality of these nine randomized controlled trials was high. Because the evaluation methods for these studies are not uniform, it is impossible to conduct a meta-analysis of patient satisfaction. However, from the summary results of various studies, the postoperative satisfaction of the purse-string suture group was better than that of the linear suture group. The meta-analysis showed that there was significant difference in postoperative SSI incidence between the PSC group and the LSC group [OR=0.14, 95%CI: 0.08-0.24, P<0.00001], while there were no significant differences in incidence of incisional hernia [OR=0.66, 95%CI: 0.24-1.82, P=0.42], operation time [MD=0.61, 95%CI: -3.17-4.38, P=0.75], and hospital stay [MD=-0.26, 95%CI: -0.82-0.30, P=0.37]. Conclusions: PSC can be used for closure of the wound following stoma reversal. Compared with LSC, PSC can significantly reduce the incidence of SSI, and increase patients' satisfaction.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Estomas Cirúrgicos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Técnicas de Sutura , Colostomia , Humanos , Ileostomia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 101(8): 571-578, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672036

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There are no definitive data concerning the ideal configuration of ileocolic anastomosis. Aim of this study was to identify perioperative risk factors for anastomotic leak and for 60-day morbidity and mortality after ileocolic anastomoses (stapled vs handsewn). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a STROBE-compliant study. Demographic and surgical data were gathered from patients with an ileocolic anastomosis performed between November 2010 and September 2016 at a tertiary hospital. Anastomoses were performed using standardised techniques. Independent risk factors for anastomotic leak, complications and mortality were assessed. RESULTS: We included 477 patients: 53.7% of the anastomoses were hand sewn and 46.3% stapled. Laterolateral anastomosis was the most common configuration (93.3%). Anastomotic leak was diagnosed in 8.8% of patients and 36 were classified as major anastomotic leak (7.5%). In the multivariate analysis, male sex (P = 0.014, odds ratio, OR, 2.9), arterial hypertension (P = 0.048, OR 2.29) and perioperative transfusions (P < 0.001, OR 2.4 per litre) were independent risk factors for major anastomotic leak. The overall 60-day complication rate was 27.3%. Male sex (31.3% vs female 22.3%, P = 0.02, OR 1.7), diabetes (P = 0.03 OR 2.0), smoking habit (P = 0.04, OR 1.8) and perioperative transfusions (P < 0.001, OR 3.3 per litre) were independent risk factors for postoperative morbidity. The 60-day-mortality rate was 3.1% and no significant risk factors were identified. CONCLUSION: Anastomotic leak after ileocolic anastomosis is a relevant problem. Male sex, arterial hypertension and perioperative transfusions were associated with major anastomotic leak. Conversion to open surgery was more frequently associated with perioperative death.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Colo/cirurgia , Íleo/cirurgia , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura
3.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 328, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692786

RESUMO

Urethral stricture is a disease whose cause and management vary according to the context. This study aims to analyze the epidemiological etiological and therapeutic features of urethral stricture in our department. We conducted a longitudinal cross-sectional study of patients with acquired urethral stricture admitted to our department between March 2014 and February 2016. The average age of our patients was 24.5 years (10 and 81years). The diagnosis was confirmed by retrograde and voiding Urethro-Cystography (UCG). The average stricture length was 2.28cm (0.5-5cm). The therapeutic approaches included: resection with termino-terminal anastomosis; retrograde dilatation etc. Outcome assessment performed 6-15 months after surgery was satisfactory with absence of recidivism, PMR ≤30cc and strong urine flow and weak in the case of recurrence of dysuria or PMR ≥100cc. Urethral stricture accounted for 7.14% of our urologic treatments. Most of our patients were farmers from the rural area. A history of recurrent urethritis was most often reported by our patients and 78,57% of them were married men, among whom 91% were polygamous). The main reason for consultation was dysuria (50% of the study population) and 50.01% of our patients had secondary urinary tract infection, most commonly caused by Escherichia coli. The main cause of urethral stricture was an infection (56.52%). The most affected area was the bulbar urethra (45.60% of cases). UCG was the most used technique (39.13%). Overall outcomes were good (85,65%) and failure rate reached 13.04%; the highest success rate was achieved with resection with anastomosis (94.44% respectively). Urethral stricture is common among young people. Infection is the main cause in our department. Prevention is essential as well as an efficient and effective management of sexually transmitted infections.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Disuria/etiologia , Estreitamento Uretral/cirurgia , Uretrite/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Cistografia/métodos , Disuria/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estreitamento Uretral/diagnóstico , Uretrite/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6393-6401, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Intracorporeal anastomosis (IA) in laparoscopic colectomy for colon cancer is technically difficult, and there is a lack of consensus on the risk of bacterial contamination and cancer cell dissemination. In this study, short- and long-term outcomes of IA were examined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Short and long-term outcomes of those who underwent IA (n=44) or extracorporeal anastomosis (EA) (n=61) were compared. RESULTS: IA was better than EA for blood loss, incision length, and first stool. Maximum temperature and C-reactive protein on postoperative day 1 were higher for the IA group. The rate of positive cultures from intraoperative lavage was higher for IA. The rate of positive cultures improved to an equivalent level by replacing mechanical pretreatment with chemical pretreatment. IA and EA were equivalent for the results of ascites cytology from lavage. CONCLUSION: With the use of appropriate preoperative treatment, IA takes advantage of the minimally invasive nature of laparoscopic surgery.


Assuntos
Ascite/microbiologia , Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/microbiologia , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Chirurg ; 90(11): 887-890, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fluorescence angiography with indocyanine green (ICG-FA) is frequently used in colorectal surgery to assess the blood perfusion in the region of an anastomosis. Previous studies with ICG-FA in both open and laparoscopic surgery could show a low rate of anastomotic leakage, e.g. the PILLAR II study with a leakage rate of 1.4%. This article presents own results, the current status of ICG-FA and the fields of application. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze whether the results obtained so far with ICG-FA are sufficient to recommend an extended use of this relatively new method in colorectal surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From July 2009 to June 2019 a total of 378 colorectal resections (280 colon resections and 98 rectal resections) with intraoperative examination of the anastomosis using ICG-FA were performed. In 13 patients (3.4%) there was reduced intraoperative perfusion, which led to a change in the operative procedure (resection of the anastomosis and new anastomosis, colostomy). RESULTS: The total anastomotic leakage rate was 3.7% with 8 leaks in the colon (2.9%) and 6 in the rectum (6.1%). Without the intraoperative change in 13 patients the rate of leakages could have increased to 7.1% (27/378). The use of ICG-FA in the group of patients studied potentially led to a reduction of the leakage rate by 48%. Current publications show similar results with a potential decrease in the rate of anastomotic leaks in colorectal surgery. CONCLUSION: The results show a very low rate of anastomotic leakage when using ICG-FA. These results are promising in colorectal surgery but controlled randomized studies are lacking and should be carried out before final recommendations can be given.


Assuntos
Colo , Cirurgia Colorretal , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Colectomia/métodos , Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Cirurgia Colorretal/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Cuidados Intraoperatórios
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5761-5765, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To clarify the usefulness of intraoperative colonoscopy (CS) for preventing postoperative anastomotic leakage and bleeding in rectal cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The data of rectal cancer patients who underwent circular-stapled anastomosis from January 2008 to December 2016 were compared between 162 patients who received intraoperative CS (the CS group) and 23 patients who did not receive intraoperative CS (the non-CS group). RESULTS: Anastomotic leakage rate in the CS group (8.6%) was similar to that in the non-CS group (4.3%) (p=0.70). Postoperative anastomotic bleeding rate was also similar between the CS and non-CS groups (2.4% vs. 0%, p=0.50). Although a positive air leak test was observed in two patients in the CS group, no postoperative leakage developed by adding intraoperative treatment. CONCLUSION: Although intraoperative CS did not significantly reduce the incidence of postoperative anastomotic leakage or bleeding, it can be useful for certain cases.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Colonoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(43): e17575, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651860

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Chylothorax remains a poorly understood phenomenon, and no optimal treatment or guidelines have been established. This is the first report of treating congenital chylothorax and lymphedema in a low-birth-weight infant by lymphovenous anastomosis (LVA). PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of successful LVA for persistent congenital chylothorax and lymphedema resistant to other conservative therapies. DIAGNOSIS: The diagnosis of chylothorax was confirmed by the predominance of lymphocytes in the pleural fluid draining from the chest tube. In addition, the infant developed oliguria and generalized lymphedema. INTERVENTIONS: LVA under local anesthesia combined with light sedation was performed at his medial thighs and left upper arm. OUTCOMES: Although his subcutaneous edema markedly improved, the decrease in chest tube drainage was gradual. No additional treatment was required. LESSONS: LVA is of considerable value as a surgical treatment option in the setting of persistent congenital chylothorax and lymphedema, because LVA is a less invasive procedure.


Assuntos
Quilotórax/congênito , Vasos Linfáticos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Quilotórax/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Cavidade Pleural/cirurgia
8.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 32(3): e1452, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In high-income countries, morbid obesity is a growing health problem that has already reached epidemic proportions. When performing a laparoscopic gastric bypass several operative methods exist. AIM: To describe the institutional experience using a knotless unidirectional barbed suture (V-Loc 180/Covidien, Mansfield, MA) to create a hand-sewn gastrojejunostomy (GJ) and jejunojejunostomy (JJ) during bariatric surgery. METHODS: Evaluation of a case series of 87 morbidly obese patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass with a hand-sewn gastrojejunostomy (GJA) and jejunojejunostomy (JJA) between 01/2015 and 06/2017. The patients were divided into two groups: in group I, GJA und JJA sutures were performed using the knotless unidirectional barbed suture; in group II, GJA and JJA were sutured with resorbable multifilament thread (Vicryl® 3/0 Ethicon, Livingstone, UK). The recorded data on gender, age, BMI, ASA score, operative time, postoperative morbidity, length of hospital stay, and reoperation, were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: All procedures were completed laparoscopically with no mortality. The mean operative time was 123.23 (±30.631) in group I and 127.57 (±42.772) in group II (p<0.05). The postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the two groups. Early complications were observed for two patients (0.9%) in the barbed suture group and for one patient (0.42%) in the multifilament suture group (p<0.05). In group I two patients (0.9%) required reoperation: on the basis of jejunojejunal stenosis in one patient, and local abscess near the gastrojejunostomy, without a leakage, in the other. In group II one patient (0.42%) required reoperation due to stenosis of the GJA. The duration of hospital admission was similar for both groups: 3.36 (±0.743) days in group I vs. 3.38 (±1.058) days in group II (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The novel anastomotic technique is a safe and effective method and can be applied to gastrojejunal anastomosis and jejunojejunal anastomosis in laparoscopic gastric bypass.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/instrumentação , Segurança de Equipamentos/instrumentação , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação , Adulto , Anastomose Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Feminino , Derivação Gástrica/instrumentação , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Humanos , Jejunostomia/instrumentação , Jejunostomia/métodos , Jejuno/cirurgia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Poliglactina 910 , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Estômago/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/instrumentação
9.
Cir. pediátr ; 32(4): 195-200, oct. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184109

RESUMO

Objetivo. Estudio retrospectivo descriptivo de pacientes con en-fermedad de Hirschsprung (EH) intervenidos en nuestro centro por vía transanal. Material y métodos. Se seleccionaron a los pacientes con diagnóstico de EH intervenidos por vía transanal con sutura automática circular en nuestro centro entre los años 2006 y 2018. Se realizó biopsia laparoscópica de la zona previa a la dilatación en todos los casos. Tras la confirmación de la presencia de células, se procedió al descenso transanal tipo De la Torre hasta alcanzar la zona de la biopsia. La anastomosis se realizó con sutura automática circular (CEEA 21 o 25 mm). Resultados. Se intervinieron 21 pacientes, 16 niños y 5 niñas, con una mediana de edad de 12 meses (5-62). Ningún paciente presentó enterocolitis preoperatoria. La mediana de la longitud resecada fue de 14,5 cm (3-45), sin incidencias intraoperatorias. Un paciente (5%) presentó absceso rectosigmoideo postoperatorio, resuelto con antibióticos. Un caso (5%) necesitó de nueva cirugía por eventración del acceso umbilical. Un paciente (5%) presentó estenosis, resuelta mediante sección y otro (5%) compresión del manguito seromuscular, que fue tratada con sección laparoscópica. No hubo casos de enterocolitis postoperatoria. Tras una mediana de seguimiento de 97 meses (12-159), un niño presenta encopresis (5%) tratada mediante sistema de irrigaciones transanales periódicas y otro caso (5%) cursa con estreñimiento, en tratamiento con enemas periódicos. El resto se hallan asintomáticos. Conclusión. En definitiva, podemos afirmar que en nuestra serie el descenso transanal con sutura automática circular es una técnica segura y eficaz, que presenta una tasa baja de complicaciones intra y postoperatorias, con buenos resultados a largo plazo


Objective. Retrospective and descriptive study of patients with diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease (HD) in whom transanal pull-through was performed in our center. Material and methods. All patients with diagnosis of HD in whom transanal surgery was performed between 2006 and 2018 in our center were selected. In all cases laparoscopic biopsy was performed in the previous dilated area. Once intraoperatory biopsy revealed the presence of ganglionic cells, transanal De la Torre surgery was performed, until reaching the localization of the biopsied area. Circular automatic suture was performed in all cases. Results. Surgery was performed in 21 patients (16 boys and 5 girls) with a median age of 12 months (5-62). No patient had enterocolitis. The median resection length was 14.5 cm (3-45) and no intraoperative complications happened. One patient (5%) developed a rectosigmoideal abscess, which was solved with antibiotic. One case (5%) needed another surgery due to umbilical trochar eventration. No patient had enterocolitis after the surgery. One patient (5%) had stenosis, solved by its section and other case (5%) had sleeve compres-sion which was solved by laparoscopic section. After a median follow up of 97 months (12-159), one child (5%) developed encopresis, which is treated with periodic anal irrigations and other patient (5%) has chronic constipation, which require periodic enemas. The rest of the patients have no symptomatology. Conclusion. In conclusion, in our series of cases, transanal pull-through with circular automatic suture was a safe and useful technique. It has a low rate of operative and postoperative complications and provides good prospective results


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Doença de Hirschsprung/diagnóstico , Doença de Hirschsprung/cirurgia , Cirurgia Endoscópica Transanal/instrumentação , Técnicas de Sutura , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Cirurgia Endoscópica Transanal/métodos , Malformações Anorretais/cirurgia , Biópsia
10.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(9): 654-658, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550854

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to explore the clinical value of fusion indocyanine green fluorescence imaging (FIGFI) in total laparoscopic radical resection for right colon cancer. Methods: From October, 2018 to December, 2018, 15 patients who underwent total laparoscopic radical resection for right colon cancer using FIGFI in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College were retrospectively enrolled in this study. Data regarding surgical outcomes, postoperative recovery, pathological outcomes and complications were collected and analyzed. Results: All patients successfully underwent total laparoscopic radical resection for right colon cancer using FIGFI. 1 patients (6.7%) received extended resection of bowel due to poor blood supply after mesentery excision. The average operation time was 133.7 minutes and intraoperative blood loss was 26.7 ml. The average time to ground activities, fluid diet intake, first flatus and postoperative hospitalization were 19.1 h, 11.7 h, 32.5 h and 5.0 d, respectively. The average length of tumor was 4.5 cm. The average proximal and distal resection margins were 14.9 cm and 12.1 cm, respectively. The average number of lymph nodes retrieved was 29.3 per patient. Only one patient suffered from incisional fat liquefaction after surgery and was managed effectively by regular dressing change. No severe complications such as indocyanine green allergy, anastomotic stenosis, anastomotic leakage, abdominal bleeding, bowel obstruction, pulmonary infection, and abdominal infection occurred in any patients. Conclusions: FIGFI is helpful to judge the blood supply of intestinal segments and anastomotic stoma in total laparoscopic radical resection for right colon cancer quickly. It is a safe and feasible technique with satisfactory short-term effect.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Colectomia/métodos , Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Corantes/administração & dosagem , Verde de Indocianina/administração & dosagem , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Colo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 113, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489091

RESUMO

Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is a remnant of omphalomesenteric channel. It is often asymptomatic but it can be responsible for various clinical complications and variable clinical status especially in children. We conducted a retrospective study on complications of MD among children hospitalized in the division of Paediatric Surgery at the University Hospital Hassan II, Fez, Morocco. The study aimed to describe the clinical, radiological and therapeutic features of MD. The study was conducted over a period of 10 years (January 2009 - December 2018) and involved 18 children (15 boys and 3 girls) aged 1 day - 15 years (with an average age of 5 years) who had undergone surgery for complications of MD. Acute intussusception and intestinal occlusion were the most frequent complications. Other complications included: infection of the MD (1 case) and digestive hemorrhage (2 cases). Two rare types of neonatal Meckel's diverticulum were described (neonatal occlusion and fistula associated with omphalocele). In no case, abdominal X-ray without treatment, ultrasound and CT scan showed MD. Scintigraphy was performed in 2 patients with hematochezia and it helped to make the diagnosis of MD in one case. Three patients underwent laparoscopic surgery with resection of the MD and intestinal anastomosis with laparoscopy. The other patients underwent laparotomy. Ileostomy was performed in one case, followed by secondary recovery. Patient's outcome was good, except for one case of anastomotic leakage. Anatomopathological examination showed two cases of heterotopia.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Divertículo Ileal/complicações , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Obstrução Intestinal/epidemiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Intussuscepção/epidemiologia , Intussuscepção/etiologia , Intussuscepção/cirurgia , Laparotomia/métodos , Masculino , Divertículo Ileal/diagnóstico , Divertículo Ileal/cirurgia , Marrocos , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8. Vyp. 2): 65-69, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502596

RESUMO

Laparoscopic colon resections are currently becoming a standart method of surgical treatment of colon cancer. Long-term oncologic outcomes of such procedures are shown to be non-inferior to outcomes of traditional open surgery, while short-term results and morbidity profile are more favourable. The current direction of colon mini-invasive surgery development is to make procedures more easily tolerable by patients, using less traumatic methods and operative approaches. The article contains a review of one of such methods, which allows less traumatic performance of laparoscopic right hemicolectomy - an intracorporeal ileotransversoanastomosis. The current evidence concerning safety and efficacy are reviewed, when authors' own data are also brought to support implementation of this method into routine practice.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Colo Transverso/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Íleo/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(7): e201900709, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531529

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a new low-cost, easy-to-make and available training model using chickens' intestine for infant intestinal anastomosis. METHODS: Segments of chicken intestine were used to create an intestinal anastomosis simulator. We tried to perform an end-to-end, end-to-side and side-to-side anastomosis. Handsewn sutured anastomosis were performed in single layered with interrupted prolene 5-0 suture. The parameters analyzed were cost, intestine's diameter and length, anastomosis patency and flow-through and leakage amount. RESULTS: In all cases it was possible to make the anastomosis in double layered without difficulties, different from the usual ones. There was a positive patency at all anastomoses after the end of the procedure, with no need for reinterventions. CONCLUSION: The new training model using chickens' intestine for infant intestinal anastomosis is low-cost, easy-to-make and easy available.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/educação , Intestinos/cirurgia , Pediatria/educação , Anastomose Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Animais , Galinhas , Criança , Humanos , Modelos Animais , Técnicas de Sutura
14.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 62(10): 1153-1156, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490823

RESUMO

CASE SUMMARY: A healthy 65-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with a 12-hour history of sudden-onset severe lower abdominal pain. This is her first episode. She reports nausea, vomiting, and anorexia. Her last colonoscopy was at age 60, and was normal, except for diverticulosis of the sigmoid colon. Physical examination is significant for fever, tachycardia, and generalized abdominal pain with rebound tenderness. Pertinent laboratory findings include a leukocytosis and metabolic acidosis. A CT scan is obtained and is consistent with freely perforated diverticulitis, including a thickened sigmoid colon, free fluid in the pelvis, and free air noted near the diaphragm (). The surgeon completes the patient evaluation, recommends initiation of intravenous fluid resuscitation and antibiotics, and plans to go immediately to the operating room for surgical resection.


Assuntos
Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia , Colostomia/métodos , Gerenciamento Clínico , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Perfuração Intestinal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Colo Sigmoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Diverticular do Colo/complicações , Doença Diverticular do Colo/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Perfuração Intestinal/diagnóstico , Perfuração Intestinal/etiologia , Radiografia Abdominal , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia
16.
Transplant Proc ; 51(7): 2473-2477, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405743

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The variation of multiple bile ducts in a living donor graft is not infrequent; however, the literature on the impact of the number of bile ducts on postoperative biliary complications is scarce. We investigated whether the number of biliary duct anastomoses affects the rate of postoperative biliary complications in patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2016 and January 2018, all patients who underwent LDLT were reviewed. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the number bile duct anastomoses (single duct [group A, n = 78] or multiple ducts [group B, n = 94]). Data collection included demographic features, Child Pugh Score (CPS), graft-recipient weight ratio (GRWR), surgical data including technique of biliary anastomosis (duct-to-duct, duct-to-sheath, double duct-to-duct, and hepaticojejunostomy), and postoperative morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: The duct-to-duct anastomosis was the mostly commonly performed technique in group A, whereas double duct-to-duct and duct-to-sheath were significantly higher in group B. Operating time was quite high in group B compared to group A (438 ± 72 minutes vs 420 ± 61 minutes, respectively; P = .05). Regarding biliary complications (n = 40, 23.2%), the rates of biliary leakage (n = 17, 9.9%) and strictures (n = 25, 14.5%) were similar in both groups (P = .164 and .773, respectively). CPS was positively correlated (for Child B and C, odds ratio [OR]: 10.669 and 17.866, respectively), whereas GRWR was negatively correlated (OR: 9.530) with biliary stricture. Increased risk for bile leakage was observed in younger donors (OR: .929). Although overall mortality rate was 9.8% (n = 17), only 5 of the patients (29%) died of biliary complications. CONCLUSION: The number of biliary ducts and anastomoses did not affect the rate of complications. However, CPS, GRWR, and young donor age were found to be predisposing factors for postoperative biliary complications. Mortality was mostly based on the causes other than biliary complications.


Assuntos
Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adulto , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 53-58, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464275

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of reinforcement of staple line of colorectal anastomosis on the incidence of leakage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review was performed in accordance with the PRISMA recommendations. Statistical analysis was carried out in the Review Manager 5.3 software. RESULTS: This trial included four original articles published in 2011-2018. There were 493 patients. Reinforcement of anastomosis was made in 232 (47%) cases, colorectal anastomosis was not reinforced in 261 (53%) patients. Anastomotic leakage rate was 5.6 and 11.1% in both groups, respectively (OR 0.55, CI 0.13-2.33; p=0.42). Transabdominal reinforcement reduced leakage rate by 10.2% (OR 0.18, CI 0.06-0.55; p=0.002) while transanal reinforcement was ineffective (OR 1.66, CI 0.38-7.19; p=0,5). Incidence of preventive stoma was similar (OR 0.3, CI 0.07-1.22; p=0.09), but it was possible to abandon preventive stoma in 18% of cases after anastomotic reinforcement. CONCLUSION: A small number of studies dedicated to anastomosis reinforcement resulted controversial data.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Colo/cirurgia , Protectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Humanos , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/efeitos adversos , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/métodos
18.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(8): 724-728, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422609

RESUMO

Whether the transanal total mesorectal resection (taTME) techniques increase the risk of anastomotic failure is inconclusive. This paper discusses the anastomotic problems of taTME from different aspects including anatomical factors and technical characteristics. In terms of the anatomic and physiological characteristics of the lower rectum, the Hiatal ligament and the density of the perirectal space is a disadvantage to the anastomosis of taTME, while the prolapse of the rectum may be a beneficial factor. Due to the unique technical characteristics of taTME, the main reason affecting its anastomosis at present is that the caudal space at the distal end is not sufficiently mobilized, especially for male and lower anastomosis. In addition, stapled anastomosis at the level of anorectal ring may cause more problems, while manual anastomosis at the lower level may bring better results.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Protectomia/efeitos adversos , Protectomia/métodos , Reto/cirurgia , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Mesentério/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle
19.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(8): 762-766, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422615

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of reinforcement on duodenal stump using single purse-string suture during laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer in preventing duodenal stump leakage. Methods: A descriptive cohort study was conducted to retrospectively collect clinical data of 211 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y or Billroth Ⅱ reconstruction and reinforcement on duodenal stump using laparoscopic single purse-string suture in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University between January 2013 and December 2016. Of 211 patients, 136 were male and 75 were female with mean age of (57.5±11.1)(24 to 87) years. Tumors locating at gastric upper 1/3, middle 1/3 and low 1/3 were found in 62, 68 and 81 patients respectively. Eighty-three cases underwent total gastrectomy, 128 underwent distal subtotal gastrectomy, 107 underwent Roux-en-Y reconstruction and 104 underwent Billroth II reconstruction. The procedure of reinforcement on duodenal stump using single purse-string suture during laparoscopic radical gastrectomy was as follows: (1) after cutting the duodenal stump to about 2.0 cm in length, use a 3-0 single-strand absorbable suture to make a muscle layer purse at a distance of 1.0 to 1.5 cm from the duodenal stump; (2) use the purse line to make a slipknot; (3) push the duodenum stump into the purse with a needle holder or grasper; (4) tighten the knot of the purse string, and then make 4 to 5 knots for reinforcement. Postoperative complications were defined and graded according to the Clavien-Dindo grading criteria, and the incidence of early complications was recorded. Clinicopathologic features and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. Results: All patients completed operations successfully. The mean time of laparoscopic single purse-string suture was (5.1±1.6) (3.6 to 10.2) minutes. Postoperative early complication occurred in 31 cases (14.7%), of whom 27 cases developed surgery-related complications (12.8%), including 7 cases (3.3%) of peritoneal infection, 6 (2.8%) of pancreatic leakage, 4 (1.9%) of wound infection, 4 (1.9%) of gastroplegia, 2 (0.9%) of peritoneal hemorrhage, 2 (0.9%) of intestinal obstruction, 2 (0.9%) of lymphatic leakage, and no duodenal stump leakage; while 4 cases (1.9%) developed internal non-surgical complication, including 3 cases (1.4%) of pulmonary infection and 1 (0.5%) of cardiovascular event. The patient with peritoneal hemorrhage was healed after re-operation and all other patients were discharged uneventfully after conservative treatment. Four cases (1.9%) developed complications beyond grade III a of Clavien-Dindo criteria. Conclusion: Reinforcement on duodenal stump using laparoscopic single purse-string suture during laparoscopic radical gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y or Billroth II reconstruction is simple and effective, and can prevent the risk of development of duodenal stump leakage.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Duodeno/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Feminino , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Técnicas de Sutura , Adulto Jovem
20.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(8): 767-773, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422616

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of proximal gastrectomy with double tract reconstruction (PG-DT) and total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction (TG-RY) for proximal gastric cancer. Methods: The retrospective study was conducted. Clinicopathological data of 132 patients with proximal gastric cancer confirmed by pathology who underwent PG-DT (n=51) or TG-RY (n=81) by the same surgeon team in Southwest Hospital of Army Military Medical University between January 2006 and December 2016 were collected. Patients with preoperative neoadjuvant therapy, non-R0 resection and non-adenocarcinoma confirmed by pathology were excluded. Observation indicators included intraoperative (operation time and blood loss); postoperative (time to flatus, hospital stay, total complications, metastasis of lymph nodes around distal side of stomach from cases undergoing TG-RY), follow-up (long-term hemoglobin level, incidence of anemia, and survival) parameters. Survival analysis was conducted using the Kaplan-Meier method, and Log-rank test was used to compare survival difference between two groups. Results: No statistically significant differences were found between two groups in the baseline data, including age, gender, BMI, hemoglobin level before operation, postoperative TNM stage, tumor size and histological differentiation between two groups (all P>0.05). There were no significant differences between PG-DT and TG-RY in intraoperative blood loss [200 (200) ml vs. 200 (195) ml, Z=-1.860, P=0.063], time to flatus [(2.7±1.0) days vs. (2.6±1.1) days, t=0.225, P=0.823], postoperative hospital stay [10(3) days vs. 10 (4) days, Z=-0.449, P=0.654] and morbidity of perioperative complications [5.9% (3/51) vs. 8.6% (7/81), χ(2)=0.081, P=0.775]. Compared with the TG-RY group, PG-DT group had longer total operative time [294 (97) minutes vs. 255 (71) minutes, Z=-3.148, P=0.002]. The hemoglobin data of 42 patients with PG-DT and 56 patients with TG-RY were collected 1 year after operation. The incidence of anemia in PG-DT group was lower than that of TG-RY group [64.2%(27/42) vs. 82.1% (46/56), χ(2)=4.072, P=0.045], and PG-DT group had higher level of hemoglobin than TG-RY group [(114.4±16.3) g/L vs. (106.6±15.0) g/L, t=2.435, P=0.017]. There were 4 cases (4/81, 4.9%) with metastasis of lymph nodes around distal side of stomach in TG-RY group. All of these 4 tumors were T4 in depth and were more than 5 cm in diameter. The median follow-up period was 26 (1 to 110) months. One-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 93.2%, 65.3% and 55.0% in PG-DT group, and 85.8%, 63.8% and 47.2% in TG-RY group, respectively without significant difference (χ(2)=0.890, P=0.345). Conclusions: Compared with TG-RY, PG-DT has the same safety and feasibility for proximal gastric cancer. Although the operative time is a little longer than TG-RY, PG-DT has advantages in improving the postoperative hemoglobin level.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Anastomose em-Y de Roux , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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