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1.
Med Educ Online ; 26(1): 1842661, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108248

RESUMO

Methods of anatomical education have, as with many facets of normal life, been forced to evolve rapidly due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Whilst some authors claim that cadaver dissection is now under threat, we believe the centuries-old practice can and must be upheld.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Dissecação/educação , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Cadáver , Humanos , Pandemias , Estudantes de Medicina
2.
Ann Anat ; 233: 151608, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022405

RESUMO

COVID-19 is an infection caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, initially identified in the city of Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Since then, the virus has spread to the continents, causing a major pandemic. The impacts of this pandemic on the education of human anatomy interfere in at least two aspects: (1) receiving and managing anatomical specimens in anatomy laboratories and (2) adaptations for classes on remote virtual teaching. Therefore, this study reviewed and discussed the legal and bioethical aspects, considering the scenario of a South American Country, aiming to stimulate the debate on these two relevant themes in the international community. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic and the impossibility of mass testing, anatomists and other workers in the field must deal with the risk of receiving bodies infected with SARS-CoV-2. In this situation, additional care measures in biosafety practices are essential to protect the staff. Such measures are: the bodies must be preserved by the perfusion of formaldehyde or other fixative solutions; embalming must be performed in ventilated rooms with a good air exhaust system; to avoid excessive manipulation of bodies and procedures such as pulmonary insufflation or craniotomy; and proper use of personal protective equipment, including lab coat, gloves and masks. As for exposure of body images in online classes, this review showed that there are no legal impediments to this end. However, anatomists must adopt measures aimed at protecting the memory of the deceased, such as using secure digital platforms with restricted access; family authorization/consent and student awareness.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Pandemias , Manejo de Espécimes/ética , Brasil , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Embalsamamento , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Legislação Médica , Segurança , Ventilação
3.
Clin Anat ; 34(1): 82-89, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648289

RESUMO

COVID-19 has generated a global need for technologies that enable communication, collaboration, education and scientific discourse whilst maintaining physical distance. University closures due to COVID-19 and physical distancing measures disrupt academic activities that previously occurred face-to-face. Restrictions placed on universities due to COVID-19 have precluded most conventional forms of education, assessment, research and scientific discourse. Anatomists now require valid, robust and easy-to-use communication tools to facilitate remote teaching, learning and research. Recent advances in communication, video conferencing and digital technologies may facilitate continuity of teaching and research activities. Examples include highly-interactive video conferencing technology, collaborative tools, social media and networking platforms. In this narrative review, we examine the utility of these technologies in supporting effective communication and professional activities of anatomists during COVID-19 and after.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Meios de Comunicação , Educação a Distância , Pesquisa , Anatomia/métodos , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Comportamento Cooperativo , Educação Médica/métodos , Humanos , Redes Sociais Online , Mídias Sociais , Interface Usuário-Computador , Comunicação por Videoconferência
4.
Clin Anat ; 34(1): 108-114, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681805

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had enormous effects on anatomy education. During the pandemic, students have had no access to cadavers, which has been the principal way to learn anatomy since the 17th century. As it is difficult to predict future access to cadavers for students or in-person classes, anatomy educators are encouraged to revisit all possible teaching methods in order to develop innovations. Here, we review anatomy education methods to apply to current and future education.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Cadáver , Dissecação , Educação a Distância , Invenções , Impressão Tridimensional , Realidade Virtual , Educação Médica/métodos , Humanos , Plastinação , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Mídias Sociais , Ensino , Materiais de Ensino , Gravação em Vídeo
5.
Cas Lek Cesk ; 159(5): 203-205, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297708

RESUMO

The forced disruption of education in the summer semester 2019-2020 was an unprecedented situation also for the teaching of anatomy at Czech medical faculties. Due to the forthcoming final exam on Anatomy, the situation urgently required a fluent transition to the distance learning. In our manuscript we present our experiences and tips based also on experience from other anatomical departments and which can be used in similar crises for a continuous.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Pandemias , República Tcheca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Quarentena
6.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0242731, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33227037

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The use of Virtual Reality (VR) in health professions education has increased dramatically in recent years, yet there is limited evidence of its impact on educational outcomes. The purpose of the study was to assess the impact of VR anatomy instruction on the ultrasound competency of novice learners participating in a ultrasonography workshop. METHOD: We designed a VR-enhanced ultrasonography training program and utilized a plane transection tool to interact with a three-dimensional (3D) VR model of the human body which facilitated the 3D conceptualization of the spatial relationship of anatomical structures, leading to faster and better development of ultrasonographic competency. This was a randomized control study which enrolled third-year medical students (n = 101) without previous exposure to formal or informal ultrasonography training. The participants were randomly divided into an intervention and control group. We assessed participants' competency through ultrasound performance stations on live subjects, we also measured anatomical and ultrasound image identification ability using multiple choice tests. RESULT: Participants in the intervention group (median = 16; interquartile 13 to 19) had significantly higher scores in ultrasonography task performance tests than the control group (median = 10; interquartile 7 to 14; Mann-Whitney U = 595; P < 0.01). In sub-group analysis, the intervention group performed significantly better in the six out of ten ultrasound tasks. Participants in the intervention group also had greater improvement in ultrasonographic image identification MCQ tests than the control group (Mann-Whitney U = 914; P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that VR-enhanced anatomical training could be of significant benefit in ultrasonography training by promoting a better understanding of the spatial relationships of anatomical structures and the development of early psychomotor skills transferable to the handling of ultrasonographic probes.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Competência Clínica , Estudantes de Medicina , Realidade Virtual , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ultrassonografia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e23096, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181674

RESUMO

Flipped classroom has received much attention in medical education. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of flipped classroom combing with human anatomy web-based learning system in anatomy education.A total of 89 freshmen in medical specialty were enrolled and randomly allocated into either the experimental group (receiving the flipped classroom with human anatomy web-based learning system, n = 45) or control group (receiving the traditional classroom teaching, n = 44). A pre-quiz and a post-quiz were conducted before and after the classes, respectively. The improvement in scores between groups was compared. A 5-point Likert scale questionnaire was used to evaluate perceptions and experience.The mean pre-quiz scores of the 2 groups were comparable (all P > .05). However, the mean post-quiz score in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group (91.44 ±â€Š6.25 vs 86.13 ±â€Š11.67, P < .05). The results of questionnaires showed that 44 (97.8%) students agreed with flipped classroom combined with human anatomy web-based learning system, 43 (95.6%) students obtained improved study interest in anatomy learning, and 42 (93.3%) students felt that the interactive, applied in-class activities during the class greatly enhanced their learning.Flipped classroom combined with human anatomy web-based learning system can be used as an effective learning tool for anatomy education.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Redes de Comunicação de Computadores , Educação a Distância/métodos , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Ensino/tendências , Adulto , Currículo/tendências , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Educacionais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Materiais de Ensino
9.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 115(11): 1906-1910, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156110

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to find out whether 3-dimensional (3D)-printed models improved the learners' ability to identify liver segments. METHODS: A total of 116 physicians from 3 disciplines were tested in a cross-over trial at baseline and after teaching with 3D models and 2-dimensional (2D) images. Adjusted multilevel-mixed models were used to compare scores at baseline and after 3D and 2D. RESULTS: Accuracy in identifying hepatic segments was higher with 3D first than 2D (77% vs 69%; P = 0.05) and not significantly improved by a combination of 3D and 2D. Increased confidence in segment identification was highest in trainees after 3D (P = 0.04). DISCUSSION: 3D-printed models facilitate learning hepatic segmental anatomy.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Gastroenterologia/educação , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Fígado/anatomia & histologia , Modelos Anatômicos , Impressão Tridimensional , Radiologia/educação , Adulto , Competência Clínica , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
11.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(8)2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical schools rarely offer exposure to clinical dermatology in the first-year curriculum. OBJECTIVE: We describe and report student satisfaction results of three novel teaching methods for integrating basic dermatology concepts into gross anatomy laboratory. METHODS: During the first year of the intervention, 180 students attended an hour-long anatomy laboratory session during which skin lesions were examined. One attending and three resident dermatologists spent time at all tables of students, then circulated to answer questions. During the second year, 189 students participated in the same teaching session preceded by a 30-minute in-class lecture. During the third year, 172 students were given the option to view a supplemental online video module before or after the teaching session. Each year following the teaching session students were sent an optional online survey regarding the impact of the teaching session on their understanding of skin lesions and their cadaver experience. RESULTS: Overall, students believed the intervention helped them develop a better understanding and appreciation for dermatology. Preceding the laboratory session with a lecture or educational video yielded higher satisfaction scores. CONCLUSIONS: This brief teaching intervention illustrates an approach to introducing dermatologic entities within the foundational science curriculum of the first year of medical school.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Dermatologia/educação , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Boston , Humanos , Estudantes de Medicina , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Anat Sci Educ ; 13(6): 671-679, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956579

RESUMO

Covid-19 has spread globally, affecting all nations. Preventive measures were implemented by governments including the closure of universities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the student's perspectives and experiences on the shift to remote preclinical medical education while inquiring whether there has been any psychological impact on the students. A customized questionnaire utilizing Likert-scale-based questions and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 assessment tool was distributed online to enrolled preclinical medical students at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Malta. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of the data gathered was carried out. Multivariate logistic regression analyses was performed to establish independent variables associated with anxiety symptoms. A total of 172 responded out of a cohort of 299 preclinical students (58%). The majority perceived a positive learning experience following the shift to remote lectures, however, it was not the case for small group teaching including dissection sessions. Nonetheless students reported concerns about their education, examinations, progression to next academic year and wellbeing. Less than half the students exhibited symptoms of anxiety. Students exhibiting "moderate" worry (OR:7.6; CI 95%:1.98-29.31; P < 0.01) and "severe" worry (OR: 2.0; CI 95%: 5.0-80.5; P < 0.01) on their mental, emotional, and wellbeing due to Covid-19 were associated with anxiety symptoms after adjusting for cofounders. Apart from the short-term effects, the Covid-19 pandemic may have a long-term impact on both the medical education and the students' future careers. It is important that the implemented changes in medical education are recorded and studied since such data will be essential on how to proceed post-Covid-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Educação a Distância , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Humanos , Malta
13.
Med Educ Online ; 25(1): 1823089, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930069

RESUMO

The SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic has left a huge impact on medical education globally. An area that has not been discussed in medical education is the potential implications of the cessation of body and organ donations on medical education. We explore the implications of this on the future of cadaveric dissections in anatomy teaching amidst the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Cadáver , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1065-1073, Aug. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124898

RESUMO

El jugar fue resignificado por Huizinga como un recurso didáctico y se lo denominó "ludoaprendizaje", "aprendizaje mediado por el juego" o "técnicas lúdicas". Diversos autores estudiaron su aplicación en distintos contextos fue desarrollado como estrategia didáctica por los impulsores de la Escuela Nueva. Distintos autores (Brunner, Frebel, Decroly, Montessori, Cossettini y Freire) han analizado sus proyecciones pedagógicas y resaltaron el valor formativo e impacto en las estrategias cognitivas para la resolución de problemas, desarrollar la atención y memoria, así como elemento motivador y de creatividad. El objetivo es evaluar el impacto de esta intervención didáctica en las concepciones culturales y conceptuales referidas al material cadavérico durante el TP y su afrontamiento. Realizamos un sstudio observacional y transversal mediante una encuesta aplicada a 658 alumnos (año 2016=198; año 2017= 228; año 2018= 232) que incluyó la Escala de ansiedad ante la muerte de Temple -EAM- modificada, preguntas poblacionales (edad, sexo, lugar de nacimiento, situación en la materia, aspectos laborales, estudios previos, motivaciones en relación con la elección de la carrera) y se indagaron términos asociados a los conceptos "material cadavérico" y "pieza anatómica" con la técnica de listados libres de Bernard y la técnica de montones para investigar concepciones culturales e imaginarios y grupos de dimensiones conceptuales. Dado que la arquitectura de la Cátedra divide a los alumnos en 2 salones distintos, para evaluar diferencias con la inclusión de actividades lúdicas en un grupo. Los resultados fueron procesados con pruebas de estadística descriptiva e inferencial (SPSS para dicho análisis y realización de dendogramas), para análisis de los términos Visual Anthropac Freelists versión: 1.0.1.36 y Visual Anthropac Pilesorts versión: 1.0.2.60. El presente trabajo cumple con los reparos ético-legales y normativos vigentes. Observamos que los términos "material cadavérico" y "pieza anatómica" se asociaron con repugnancia, asco, miedo y elemento de estudio, principalmente. En el grupo de alumnos con técnicas lúdicas se objetivó menor cantidad de términos negativos, así como dimensiones conceptuales más relacionadas con el material como recurso instruccional didáctico y no como factor de distrés. En conclusión, la implementación de técnicas lúdicas en la didáctica del proceso enseñanza y aprendizaje con material cadavérico en la materia Anatomía se asoció con un menor impacto negativo en los términos asociados y dimensiones conceptuales referidos al material cadavérico. Dicho impacto tiene injerencia en el contexto de la enseñanza y se asociaría con la disminución de factores negativos en el afrontamiento cadavérico.


The act of playing is as ancient as humanity itself, yet Huizinga was the one who re-signified the concept of "ludic" as a didactive resource related to culture. Play-based learning was developed as a didactic strategy by the forerunners of the New School. Several Authors (Brunner, Frebel, Decroly, Montessori, Cossettini and Freire) have analyzed its pedagogy projections and stressed the impact and formative value in the cognitive strategies involved in problem solving tasks, attention and memory development, as well it's motivational and creativity elements. The object of the present work is to evaluate the impact of these didactic interventions in the cultural and conceptual conceptions of the students related to cadaveric material in the course of practical working during anatomy classes. Observational and transversal study through a questionnaire applied to 658 medical students (2016, n = 198; 2017, n= 228; 2018 n=232) which included a Modified Templer Death Anxiety Scale, population questions (age, gender, place of birth, situation regarding the subject, work-related aspects, former studies, motivations related to career choice). Terminology related to "cadaveric material" and "anatomic piece" was investigated with Bernard's free-listing and lot-drawing techniques in order to investigate cultural and imaginary conceptions and groups of conceptual dimensions. The class structure divides the students in two different ckassrooms, in order to evaluate difference with the inclusion of play-based activities in one of them. The results were processed using tests of descriptive and inferencial statistics (SPSS and dendrogram making), to evaluate the terminological analysis, Visual Anthropac Freelists versión: 1.0.1.36 and Visual Anthropac Pilesorts versión: 1.0.2.60. The present research takes into account all current ethical and legal norms. It has been observed that terms such as "cadaveric material" and "anatomic piece" were associated mainly with repugnancy, disgust, fear and study material. It was observed, in the group of student using play based techniques, a lesser number of negative terminology, as well as conceptual dimensions related with the material as a didactic and instructional resource instead of a distress factor. In conclusion the implementation of play-based techniques in the learning process of the Anatomy coursework was positively associated with a lesser negative impact in both associated terminology and in conceptual dimensions related to cadaveric material. Such an impact is of particular importance in the context of teaching and it would relate with the decrease of negative factors in cadaveric affronting.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Atitude Frente a Morte , Dissecação/psicologia , Educação Médica/métodos , Jogos Recreativos , Anatomia/educação , Ansiedade , Cadáver , Adaptação Psicológica , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cultura , Medo , Neurociência Cognitiva , Aprendizagem
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 997-1002, Aug. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124888

RESUMO

La comprensión de la anatomía humana y especialmente de algunos órganos muy pequeños como es el oído medio e interno, resulta desafiante debido a su compleja estructura tridimensional. Construir conocimiento en la comprensión de la Anatomía del oído medio e interno humano, a partir del experimento de disección y modelación 3D. Con imágenes DICOM de una tomografía axial computarizada del oído humano convertidas a un modelo 3D (Mimics) y disecciones cadavéricas del hueso temporal, se diseñaron las estructuras óseas y blandas del oído externo, medio e interno mediante la implementación de software de modelado orgánico. Creación de un protocolo operativo estándar, modelado 3D de oído medio e interno e impresión 3D de las estructuras, diferenciando por color cada una de ellas. La experimentación, en este caso, la disección y modelación de las piezas anatómicas fue fundamental en la enseñanza y aprendizaje de esta área de las ciencias, permitiendo que se construya conocimiento a partir de la búsqueda de información, observación, análisis y reflexión. Los estudiantes manifestaron fascinación y aprendizaje profundo en la práctica realizada. La construcción de modelos explicativos en torno a la experimentación cualitativa permite comprender a profundidad los diferentes fenómenos. La actividad experimental, supera la demostración y facilita la confrontación de pensamiento, los estudiantes a través de esta actividad comprendieron a profundidad la anatomía del oído medio e interno, han adquirido destrezas quirúrgicas, han propuesto y analizado proyectos que les ha permitido participar eventos académicos, adquiriendo competencias como el uso comprensivo del conocimiento científico.


Understanding human anatomy, and especially some very small organs such as the middle and inner ear, is challenging due to their complex three-dimensional structure. To build knowledge in understanding of anatomy, of the human inner and middle ear, from the 3D modeling and dissection experiment. Using DICOM images from a computerized axial tomography of the human ear converted to a 3D model (Mimics) and cadaveric dissections of the temporal bone, the bony and soft structures of the external, middle, and internal ear were designed, using organic modeling software. A standard operating protocol, 3D modeling of the middle and inner ear and 3D printing of the structures was created, differentiating each one by color. In this case, the dissection and modeling of the anatomical pieces was fundamental in the teaching and learning of this area of science, allowing expanded knowledge from the search for information, observation, analysis and reflection. The students showed fascination and deep learning in the practice carried out. The construction of explanatory models around qualitative experimentation allows an in-depth understanding of the different phenomena. The experimental activity overcomes the demonstration and facilitates thought process. The students achieve and in depth understanding of the middle and inner ear anatomy, acquired surgical skills, proposed and analyzed projects that allowed them to participate in academic event. They have also acquired additional skills, such as the comprehensive use of scientific knowledge.


Assuntos
Humanos , Dissecação/educação , Educação Médica/métodos , Anatomia/educação , Orelha Interna/anatomia & histologia , Modelos Anatômicos , Osso Temporal/anatomia & histologia , Cadáver , Impressão Tridimensional
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 831-837, Aug. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124862

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the awareness, knowledge level and attitudes of the community in I˙zmir/ Turkey about cadaver donation in medical education. A cross-sectional study was carried out. Randomly chosen 245 participants answered twenty items in the questionnaire providing information about their demographics (5 items), awareness and knowledge (10 items), and attitudes (5 items) about body donation. The questionnaire was applied face-to-face. Descriptive statistics presented. Student T test and One-Way ANOVA test were used for statistical analysis. 123 (50.2 %) participants were male and 159 (64.9 %) were between 30 to 59 years old. 185 (75.5 %) respondents knew what the word "cadaver" means. When asked where they would apply if they decided to donate their body, 104 (42.4 %) of the participants gave the answer "state hospital". The mean score of awareness and knowledge about importance of cadaver and body donation (AWKL-Score) was 0.41±0.24 (min:0.00, max:0.90). AWKL-Score was statistically higher in the youngest (18-29 y) and oldest (>60 y) compared to the other age groups (F:4.115; p:0.007). AWKL-Score increased as the level of education increased. The highest AWKL-Score was at post-graduate level (Level 7,8) (F:22.997; p<0.001). The AWKL-Score was higher in public employees and students compared to other occupational groups (F:5.930; p<0,001). The answers to the questionnaire were important indicators of how much society needs to be informed regarding body donation.


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el nivel de conciencia, conocimiento y las actitudes de la comunidad en Izmir / Turquía sobre la donación de cadáveres en la educación médica. Se realizó un estudio transversal de 245 participantes elegidos al azar, que respondieron veinte ítems en el cuestionario proporcionando información sobre su demografía (5 ítems), conciencia y conocimiento (10 ítems) y actitudes (5 ítems) sobre la donación de cuerpos. El cuestionario fue administrado directamente en persona; la prueba T de Student y la prueba ANOVA de una vía se utilizaron para el análisis estadístico. De los participantes 123 (50,2 %) eran hombres y 159 (64,9 %) tenían entre 30 y 59 años. 185 (75,5 %) encuestados sabían lo que significa la palabra "cadáver". Cuando se les preguntó dónde se registrarían, en caso de decidir donar su cuerpo, 104 (42,4 %) de los participantes respondieron "hospital estatal". La puntuación media de conciencia y conocimiento sobre la importancia del cadáver y la donación de cuerpos (puntuación AWKL) fue de 0,41 ± 0,24 (mínimo: 0,00, máximo: 0,90). Estadísticamente el puntaje AWKL fue más alto en los más jóvenes (18-29 años) y mayores (> 60 años) en comparación con los otros grupos etarios (F: 4,115; p: 0.007). AWKL-Score aumentó a medida que aumentó el nivel de educación. El puntaje AWKL más alto fue en el nivel de posgrado (Nivel 7,8) (F: 22,997; p <0,001). El puntaje AWKL fue mayor en empleados públicos y estudiantes en comparación con otros grupos ocupacionales (F: 5,930; p <0,001). Las respuestas al cuestionario fueron indicadores importantes de cuánto necesita la sociedad estar informada sobre la donación de cuerpos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doadores de Tecidos/psicologia , Cadáver , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Anatomia/educação , Turquia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise de Variância , Consciência , Educação Médica
18.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1114): 20200463, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795181

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate if small group teaching in Radiology impacted Anatomy scores in the summative end of year examination. METHODS: Small group teaching in Radiology was incorporated into Anatomy of year one medical students during the academic years 2016/17 and 2017/18. Examination outcome for 2 years before and 1 year after the study period were compared.Question papers for end of year summative examinations were retrieved; questions relating to Anatomy were identified and anonymised scores for students were obtained. RESULTS: Student numbers ranged 238 to 290/year. Mean Anatomy scores ranged 62-74%, this compared with mean total exam score of 62-65%. No significant difference in Anatomy and Total examination scores for 2015, 2016 and 2019. Mean (SD) Anatomy scores were significantly higher than the Total examination scores for the study period of 2017 and 2018 [68.97 (17.32) vs 63.12 (11.51) and 73.77 (17.85) vs 64.99 (10.31) (p < 0.001)]. Combined Anatomy scores 2017 and 2018 were significantly higher than 2015 and 2016, difference of 5.50 (95% C.I. 3.31-7.70; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This is the first study to objectively demonstrate Radiology small group teaching significantly improved Anatomy scores for medical students in the summative end of year examination. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: No evidence in the literature that Radiology teaching improves examination outcomes for medical students.This is the first study to directly link Radiology teaching with improved Anatomy examination result.Small group teaching in Radiology is a feasible way to teach Anatomy.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Avaliação Educacional , Radiologia/educação , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Escócia , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Anat ; 237(3): 393-403, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628795

RESUMO

The outbreak of COVID-19, resulting from widespread transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, represents one of the foremost current challenges to societies across the globe, with few areas of life remaining untouched. Here, we detail the immediate impact that COVID-19 has had on the teaching and practice of anatomy, providing specific examples of the varied responses from several UK, Irish and German universities and medical schools. Alongside significant issues for, and suspension of, body donation programmes, the widespread closure of university campuses has led to challenges in delivering anatomy education via online methods, a particular problem for a practical, experience-based subject such as anatomy. We discuss the short-term consequences of COVID-19 for body donation programmes and anatomical education, and highlight issues and challenges that will need to be addressed in the medium to long term in order to restore anatomy education and practice throughout the world.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Educação Médica , Humanos , Pandemias , Universidades
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