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1.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(9): 1122-1128, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474150

RESUMO

AIMS: Low haemoglobin (Hb) at admission has been identified as a risk factor for mortality for elderly patients with hip fractures in some studies. However, this remains controversial. This study aims to analyze the association between Hb level at admission and mortality in elderly patients with hip fracture undergoing surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients (prospective database) admitted with hip fracture operated in a tertiary hospital between 2012 and 2016 were analyzed. We collected patient characteristics, time to surgery, duration and type of surgery, comorbidities, Hb at admission, nadir of Hb after surgery, the use and amount of red blood cells (RBCs) transfusion products, postoperative complications, and death. The main outcome measures were mortality at 30 days, 90 days, 180 days, and one year after surgery. RESULTS: We included 829 patients; the mean age was 81 years (sd 11). Mortality at 30 days, 90 days, 180 days, and one year was 5.7%, 12.3%, 18.1%, and 23.5%, respectively. The highest mortality was observed in patients aged over 80 years (162/557, 29%) and in male patients (85/267, 32%). Survival at 90 days, 180 days, and one year after surgery was significantly lower in patients with a Hb level below 120 g/l at admission. In multivariate analysis, Hb level below 120 g/l at admission was found to be an independent factor associated with mortality (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.68 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.22 to 2.31); p = 0.001), along with age (aHR 1.06 (95% CI 1.04 to 1.06); p < 0.001), male sex (aHR 2.19 (95% CI 1.61 to 2.96); p < 0.001), and need for RBC transfusions (aHR 1.10 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.19); p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that low Hb at admission along with age and RBC transfusions is significantly associated with short- and long-term mortality after hip fracture surgery, independently of comorbidity confounders. Further studies should be performed to understand how preoperative Hb could be taken into account in perioperative management. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1122-1128.


Assuntos
Anemia/sangue , Anemia/mortalidade , Hemoglobinas/análise , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas por Osteoporose/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/terapia , Comorbidade , Transfusão de Eritrócitos/mortalidade , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/complicações , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Fraturas por Osteoporose/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
2.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(8): 546-551, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Bedouins living in southern Israel are a Muslim-Arab population that is transitioning from a nomadic lifestyle to life in permanent settlements. The population has unique characteristics that could affect hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurements. The objective of this study was to describe the socio-demographic and unique morbidity characteristics of this community and their effect on HbA1c measurements. Consanguinity, especially among cousins in the Bedouin population, results in a high prevalence of autosomal recessive genetic diseases such as thalassemia (underestimate of HbA1c), hemoglobinopathies (underestimate and overestimate), Gilbert's disease, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, an X-linked disorder, which can cause hyperbilirubinemia with an overestimate of HbA1c. Furthermore, nutritional deficiencies, autosomal recessive diseases, high birth rates, parasitic infections, and poverty can all cause high rates of anemia (iron and vitamin B12 deficiencies) that can raise HbA1c levels. Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia is found among Bedouin tribes in the Negev region and can lead to an underestimation of HbA1c levels. Pregnancy can also affect HbA1c levels. Medical teams working in the Bedouin community and in other Muslim populations with similar morbidity characteristics throughout the world should identify patients with medical conditions that can affect HbA1c measurements and be aware of possible measurement alternatives such as fructosamine and glycated albumin.


Assuntos
Anemia/etnologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Hemoglobinopatias/etnologia , Desnutrição/etnologia , Complicações na Gravidez/etnologia , Anemia/sangue , Anemia/complicações , Árabes , Feminino , Hemoglobinopatias/sangue , Hemoglobinopatias/complicações , Humanos , Islamismo , Israel/etnologia , Masculino , Desnutrição/sangue , Desnutrição/complicações , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Socioeconômicos
3.
N Engl J Med ; 381(5): 407-419, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365799

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends not performing transfusions in African children hospitalized for uncomplicated severe anemia (hemoglobin level of 4 to 6 g per deciliter and no signs of clinical severity). However, high mortality and readmission rates suggest that less restrictive transfusion strategies might improve outcomes. METHODS: In this factorial, open-label, randomized, controlled trial, we assigned Ugandan and Malawian children 2 months to 12 years of age with uncomplicated severe anemia to immediate transfusion with 20 ml or 30 ml of whole-blood equivalent per kilogram of body weight, as determined in a second simultaneous randomization, or no immediate transfusion (control group), in which transfusion with 20 ml of whole-blood equivalent per kilogram was triggered by new signs of clinical severity or a drop in hemoglobin to below 4 g per deciliter. The primary outcome was 28-day mortality. Three other randomizations investigated transfusion volume, postdischarge supplementation with micronutrients, and postdischarge prophylaxis with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. RESULTS: A total of 1565 children (median age, 26 months) underwent randomization, with 778 assigned to the immediate-transfusion group and 787 to the control group; 984 children (62.9%) had malaria. The children were followed for 180 days, and 71 (4.5%) were lost to follow-up. During the primary hospitalization, transfusion was performed in all the children in the immediate-transfusion group and in 386 (49.0%) in the control group (median time to transfusion, 1.3 hours vs. 24.9 hours after randomization). The mean (±SD) total blood volume transfused per child was 314±228 ml in the immediate-transfusion group and 142±224 ml in the control group. Death had occurred by 28 days in 7 children (0.9%) in the immediate-transfusion group and in 13 (1.7%) in the control group (hazard ratio, 0.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22 to 1.36; P = 0.19) and by 180 days in 35 (4.5%) and 47 (6.0%), respectively (hazard ratio, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.48 to 1.15), without evidence of interaction with other randomizations (P>0.20) or evidence of between-group differences in readmissions, serious adverse events, or hemoglobin recovery at 180 days. The mean length of hospital stay was 0.9 days longer in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: There was no evidence of differences in clinical outcomes over 6 months between the children who received immediate transfusion and those who did not. The triggered-transfusion strategy in the control group resulted in lower blood use; however, the length of hospital stay was longer, and this strategy required clinical and hemoglobin monitoring. (Funded by the Medical Research Council and Department for International Development; TRACT Current Controlled Trials number, ISRCTN84086586.).


Assuntos
Anemia/terapia , Transfusão de Sangue , Hemoglobinas/análise , Tempo para o Tratamento , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/mortalidade , Transfusão de Sangue/economia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Seguimentos , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação/economia , Malária/complicações , Malaui/epidemiologia , Masculino , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Reação Transfusional/epidemiologia , Uganda/epidemiologia
4.
N Engl J Med ; 381(5): 420-431, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe anemia (hemoglobin level, <6 g per deciliter) is a leading cause of hospital admission and death in children in sub-Saharan Africa. The World Health Organization recommends transfusion of 20 ml of whole-blood equivalent per kilogram of body weight for anemia, regardless of hemoglobin level. METHODS: In this factorial, open-label trial, we randomly assigned Ugandan and Malawian children 2 months to 12 years of age with a hemoglobin level of less than 6 g per deciliter and severity features (e.g., respiratory distress or reduced consciousness) to receive immediate blood transfusion with 20 ml per kilogram or 30 ml per kilogram. Three other randomized analyses investigated immediate as compared with no immediate transfusion, the administration of postdischarge micronutrients, and postdischarge prophylaxis with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. The primary outcome was 28-day mortality. RESULTS: A total of 3196 eligible children (median age, 37 months; 2050 [64.1%] with malaria) were assigned to receive a transfusion of 30 ml per kilogram (1598 children) or 20 ml per kilogram (1598 children) and were followed for 180 days. A total of 1592 children (99.6%) in the higher-volume group and 1596 (99.9%) in the lower-volume group started transfusion (median, 1.2 hours after randomization). The mean (±SD) volume of total blood transfused per child was 475±385 ml and 353±348 ml, respectively; 197 children (12.3%) and 300 children (18.8%) in the respective groups received additional transfusions. Overall, 55 children (3.4%) in the higher-volume group and 72 (4.5%) in the lower-volume group died before 28 days (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54 to 1.08; P = 0.12 by log-rank test). This finding masked significant heterogeneity in 28-day mortality according to the presence or absence of fever (>37.5°C) at screening (P=0.001 after Sidak correction). Among the 1943 children (60.8%) without fever, mortality was lower with a transfusion volume of 30 ml per kilogram than with a volume of 20 ml per kilogram (hazard ratio, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.27 to 0.69). Among the 1253 children (39.2%) with fever, mortality was higher with 30 ml per kilogram than with 20 ml per kilogram (hazard ratio, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.04 to 3.49). There was no evidence of differences between the randomized groups in readmissions, serious adverse events, or hemoglobin recovery at 180 days. CONCLUSIONS: Overall mortality did not differ between the two transfusion strategies. (Funded by the Medical Research Council and Department for International Development, United Kingdom; TRACT Current Controlled Trials number, ISRCTN84086586.).


Assuntos
Anemia/terapia , Transfusão de Sangue , Hemoglobinas/análise , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/mortalidade , Transfusão de Sangue/economia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Febre/complicações , Seguimentos , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação/economia , Malária/complicações , Malaui/epidemiologia , Masculino , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Reação Transfusional/epidemiologia , Uganda/epidemiologia
5.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(8): 1078-1082, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417050

RESUMO

Background: One of the major causes of anemia, defined as the reduction in the level of hemoglobin or red blood cells (RBCs) in the blood, in children in sub-Saharan Africa is malaria. Anemia is diagnosed by using either the hematocrit method or by measuring the hemoglobin concentration. Aims: To evaluate the relationship and agreement between hemoglobin and three-fold conversion of hematocrit results of participants in a clinical trial. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that obtained data from a multi-center clinical trial that took place from 2007 to 2008 in public health facilities in Calabar, Nigeria. The hemoglobin and hematocrit results of 494 children who had ≥2000 parasite density recruited were pooled to evaluate the relationship and agreement between the two methods. The difference between the measures against the mean of the two measures was plotted according to the theory of Bland and Altman. Results: The mean age of the children was 34 months, with approximately equal number of boys and girls. The measured hemoglobin was lower than the calculated hemoglobin in 84.5% of the children. The result showed that lower the hemoglobin concentration, the higher the chances that the three-fold hematocrit conversion overestimates hemoglobin levels in the participants. Conclusions: The three-fold hematocrit conversion of hemoglobin estimation is a less reliable method than the measured hemoglobin in anemic children in the study setting.


Assuntos
Anemia/diagnóstico , Doenças Endêmicas , Hematócrito , Hemoglobinas/análise , Malária/complicações , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Malária/sangue , Malária/diagnóstico , Malária/epidemiologia , Masculino , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16544, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335736

RESUMO

To investigate the status of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and analyze the reasons for not receiving PCI.A cohort of 387 consecutive hospitalized AMI patients aged ≥80 years were recruited from 2005 to 2014. Their clinical data were collected and analyzed.Among 387 elderly patients with AMI (190 men and 197 women, mean age 84.1 ±â€Š3.9 years), there were 171 patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 216 patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). The emergency and elective PCI treatment rate was 40.6% and 12.1%, respectively, in patients with STEMI; and 1% and 18%, respectively, in patients with NSTEMI. PCI treatment rate of elderly AMI patients enrolled after 2009 showed no significant difference compared to that before 2009 (P > .05). The in-hospital mortality decreased significantly in PCI treatment group. After adjustment for age, sex, and other factors, PCI treatment was identified as the independent protective factors for in-hospital mortality (odds ratio = 0.323, 95% confidence interval 0.147-0.710, P = .005). The main influence factors for not receiving PCI treatment were hemorrhage, severe renal dysfunction, infection, or severe anemia-associated complications, whereas delayed treatment was the important reason for patients not undergoing emergency PCI.PCI treatment is the independent protective factor for in-hospital mortality of elderly patients with AMI. Due to various complications, PCI treatment rate is still low in elderly patients with AMI and has not been improved recently. Paying attention to performing PCI treatment for elderly patients with AMI has positive significance.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/complicações , China , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Hemorragia/complicações , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Infecção/complicações , Nefropatias/complicações , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Tempo para o Tratamento
7.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 64(5): 277-283, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185150

RESUMO

Evaluation of anemic syndrome (AS) was performed in 79 patients with advanced stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma (LH) at various stages of chemotherapy (CT) according to the EACOPP-14 scheme. Against the background of the treatment, the number of erythrocytes and, accordingly, the HCT indices decreased with each subsequent cycle of chemotherapy (CTC) and reached the maximum reduction to 5, 6 th CCT. Absolute iron deficiency (IDA), which was combined with a low level of EPO and an inadequate degree of anemia, was found in a few LH patients (5 people, 6.3%). Functional iron deficiency (FDZH) was diagnosed in 9 patients (11.4%), had the same morphological signs as IDA. Namely, microcytosis, erythrocyte hypochromia and low hemoglobin content in reticulocytes (RET-HE). In contrast to IDA, patients with FDZh concentration of FR, GP-25 and IL-6 were high. Despite the fairly large reserves of iron, the level of rRTF testified to the "iron hunger" of the erythrocariocytes of the bone marrow, its index exceeded the upper limit of the norm, while RET-HE was low. In 34 (43%) patients, LH revealed a deficiency of endogenous erythropoietin (EPO), which was observed not only in patients with AHZ, but also in patients with IDA. Lower levels of EPO were detected in patients with leukopenia and very low erythropoietic activity of the bone marrow.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Anemia/diagnóstico , Doença de Hodgkin/complicações , Anemia/complicações , Anemia Ferropriva/complicações , Eritropoetina/sangue , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Reticulócitos/química
8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 483, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported contradicting findings about the association between intestinal parasitosis and maternal anemia. In this study we aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection and its association with anemia among pregnant women in Wondo Genet district, Southern Ethiopia. METHODS: This facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted in June and July 2018. Pregnant women (n = 352) were randomly drawn from five health centers using antenatal care follow-up lists. Trained data collectors administered the questionnaire. Capillary blood was collected and analyzed for hemoglobin using the HemoCue method. Stool sample was collected following standard procedure and analyzed for the presence and types of intestinal parasites using direct microscopy with Formalin-ether concentration technique. Association between intestinal parasitosis and anemia was measured using multivariable binary logistic regression analysis. The outputs are presented using adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection was 38.7% (95% CI: 33.6-43.8%). One-tenth (9.7%) of the pregnant women were infected with polyparasites. Ascaris lumbricoides was the predominant infection encountered in 24.9% of the women. The other infections identified were: hookworms (11.2%), Giardia lamblia (5.4%), Entamoeba histolytica (3.4%), Trichuris trichiura (2.9%) and Schistosoma mansoni (2.3%). The mean (± standard deviation) hemoglobin concentration was 12.3 (±1.9) g/dl and 31.5% (95% CI: 26.6-36.4%) women were anemic (hemoglobin < 11 g/dl). The prevalence of anemia among women infected with intestinal parasite (55.6%) was substantially higher than the prevalence in their counterparts (16.4%) (p <  0.001). In a multivariable model adjusted for multiple potential confounders including socio-economic status indicators, the odds of anemia were six times increased (AOR = 6.14, 95% CI: 2.04-18.45) among those affected by at least one intestinal parasite. CONCLUSION: Strengthening the existing water, sanitation and hygiene programs and routine deworming of pregnant mothers may help to reduce the burden of both intestinal parasitic infection and anemia in pregnant women.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Complicações Hematológicas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Parasitárias na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/parasitologia , Animais , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Higiene , Enteropatias Parasitárias/complicações , Masculino , Gravidez , Complicações Hematológicas na Gravidez/parasitologia , Prevalência , Saneamento , Classe Social , Adulto Jovem
9.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (5): 25-30, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169815

RESUMO

AIM: To justify the concept of systemic membrane-destabilizing distress syndrome in surgery via analysis of phospholipid bilayer of cell membranes of various organs in urgent surgical abdominal diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Experimental research on dogs (n=90) included modeling of peritonitis, pancreatitis, intestinal obstruction, obstructive jaundice, and post-hemorrhagic anemia. Clinical and laboratory studies were performed in patients (n=119) with acute peritonitis, severe pancreatitis, intestinal obstruction, post-hemorrhagic anemia, acute cholecystitis, gastrointestinal bleeding, benign mechanical jaundice. Lipid profile in tissues and blood cells was determined by extraction, fractionation and densitometry. Moreover, we assessed intensity of lipid peroxidation and phospholipase activity, endogenous intoxication, functional state of organs and blood cells. RESULTS: It was revealed that all above-mentioned acute abdominal diseases are followed by significant changes of lipid bilayer and dysfunction of tissues in target organs, blood cells and other organs (liver, kidney, colon and small intestine, heart, lungs, spleen, brain). Changes of phospholipid bilayer are correlated with severity and course of the disease. These data were used to determine a new complex in surgery - systemic membrane-destabilizing distress syndrome. Its concept, pathogenesis, and diagnosis are presented. It was analyzed its role in development and progression of dysregulation pathology and thanatogenesis. Evidence of its importance in the pathogenesis of surgical aggression was obtained.


Assuntos
Anemia/fisiopatologia , Membrana Celular/fisiologia , Doenças do Sistema Digestório/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia/fisiopatologia , Icterícia Obstrutiva/fisiopatologia , Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia , Anemia/complicações , Animais , Doenças do Sistema Digestório/complicações , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cães , Hemorragia/complicações , Humanos , Icterícia Obstrutiva/complicações , Lipídeos de Membrana/fisiologia , Fosfolipídeos/fisiologia , Síndrome
10.
Malar J ; 18(1): 173, 2019 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31096985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Latin America, where Plasmodium vivax malaria is more prevalent, it is known that this species plays an important role in the sustainability of transmission, and can have an impact on morbidity in terms of anaemia, nutritional status, and cognitive development in children. METHODS: The present study aimed to assess the impact of malaria infection on cognition of children in a peri-urban community in the Brazilian Amazon with moderate endemicity by applying Home Inventory and WPPSI-IV. A non-concurrent cohort study was designed and the cognitive, haematological, and nutritional profiles of the children were assessed. Children with documented malaria history were identified from official reported data. RESULTS: A total of 219 children aged between 2 and 7 years were enrolled. Although 205 (95%) children had normal birth weight, 177 (81%) were malnourished, and 35 (16%) had anaemia. Among the 100 (46%) children who experienced at least one episode of malaria, 89 (89%) children demonstrated low level of cognitive development. The findings showed that Plasmodium vivax malaria was an independent risk factor for low cognitive development. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to the known economic impact of malaria in the Amazon region, the study highlights the deleterious effects P. vivax malaria has on the socio-cultural development of the population.


Assuntos
Cognição , Malária Vivax/complicações , Malária Vivax/epidemiologia , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Desnutrição/complicações , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Morbidade , Plasmodium vivax/isolamento & purificação , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(8): 1668-1673, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090333

RESUMO

To analyze the clinical characteristics of Maixuekang Capsules combined with traditional Chinese medicines in the treatment of patients with nephrotic syndrome,and provide references for improving rationality of clinical drug use. Based on the database of hospital information system(HIS) in 15 hospitals in China,the electrical medical records of the patients diagnosed as nephrotic syndrome and treated with Maixuekang Capsules were collected. Their diagnostic information and characteristics of combined traditional Chinese medicines were analyzed by using association rules. The results showed that 1 588 patients of nephrotic syndrome who used Maixuekang Capsules were often complicated with hypertension(863 cases,accounting for 7. 54%),anemia(551 cases,accounting for 4. 81%),and coronary heart disease(349 cases,accounting for 3. 05%). Maixuekang Capsules were mainly combined with Tabellae Rhei et Natrii Bicarbonatis,Baining Capsules,tanshinone,Ganmao Qingre Granule,Shuxuening Injection in treating nephrotic syndrome. The results indicated that in the real world,Maixuekang Capsules was mainly used in combination with traditional Chinese medicines such as blood-activating and stasis-removing agents,pathogens eliminating and supporting healthy Qi agents,digestants,anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory agents,wind-dispersing and antipyretic agents for patients with nephropathy. By the pharmacological effect,it was suitable for nephropathy patients based on combined diagnosis. The association rules of combination were specific,and can provide reference for subsequent studies and rational clinical medication of traditional Chinese medicines.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Nefrótica/tratamento farmacológico , Anemia/complicações , Cápsulas , China , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
12.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 64(4): 210-215, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31108032

RESUMO

A study of the clinical analysis of blood and major metabolites of ferrokinetics in 107 breast cancer patients before treatment was conducted. In 31 (28.9%) patients revealed anemic syndrome (AS). A feature of the AS is pronounced microcytosis, erythrocyte hypochromia and low hemoglobin content in reticulocytes. Most often (n = 22; 71%) there was iron deficiency (IDA), which was characterized by a low concentration of iron (F), ferritin (FR), hepcidin 25 (GP25), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and high - soluble transferrin receptors (rTFR), transferrin (TRF). In 9 (29%) patients with AS, on the basis of a high concentration of FR, GP25, IL-6, the anemia of chronic disease (AHZ) with functional iron deficiency (FDI) was established. In 23 (74.2%) patients with AS, the was a deficiency of erythropoietin (EPO), the lowest rates were found in the group of patients with a common tumor process and FDI, with less in patients with IDA.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Anemia/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Anemia/complicações , Anemia Ferropriva/complicações , Eritropoetina/sangue , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Hemoglobinas/análise , Hepcidinas/sangue , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Ferro/sangue , Ferro/deficiência , Receptores da Transferrina/sangue , Transferrina/análise
14.
Blood Purif ; 47 Suppl 2: 31-37, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30943479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is lack of definitive evidence about the association between erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) responsiveness in the pre-dialysis phase and mortality. Therefore, we conducted a hospital-based, retrospective, cohort study to assess the predictive value of ESA response for prognosis in incident hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A total of 108 patients without preexisting cardiovascular disease who had been started on maintenance hemodialysis were studied. ESA responsiveness just before starting dialysis was estimated using an erythropoietin resistance index (ERI). The endpoint was defined as all-cause death. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 3.1 ± 1.6 years, 18 (17%) patients died. Overall, the multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the log-transformed ERI remained an independent predictor of all-cause death after adjustment using a propensity score (hazard ratio 2.25, 95% CI 1.25-4.06). CONCLUSIONS: Among incident hemodialysis patients, hyporesponsiveness to ESA may be associated with mortality.


Assuntos
Anemia/complicações , Anemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hematínicos/uso terapêutico , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Renal , Idoso , Anemia/mortalidade , Eritropoese/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Diálise Renal/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(4)2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005860

RESUMO

A case of Hunter syndrome, 6½-year-old boy presented with persistent thrombocytopenia and bleeding diathesis. However, cytopenia is not a usual presentation in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis II. After ruling out other causes of severe thrombocytopenia, a clinical possibility of chronic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection was considered. He was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin for refractory thrombocytopenia and intracranial bleed. This was followed by oral prednisolone. The EBV serology was found positive. Platelet counts gradually recovered and no recurrence of bleeds was observed. EBV infection usually causes haematological abnormalities, mainly atypical lymphocytosis, which is a feature of infectious mononucleosis, and uncomplicated cases often present with mild decreases in platelet counts. Severe thrombocytopenia is an extremely rare complication of acute or chronic EBV infection. In Asians, EBV infection should be considered in children presenting with thrombocytopenia, bleeding diathesis and anaemia along with organomegaly.


Assuntos
Anemia/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Mucopolissacaridose II/complicações , Trombocitopenia/complicações , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Transfusão de Sangue , Criança , Epistaxe/etiologia , Epistaxe/terapia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/diagnóstico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Trombocitopenia/terapia
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(4): 471-474, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006211

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the dose-response relationship between hemoglobin concentration and preterm birth, during pregnancy. Methods: With Zhuang ethnicity, a total of 12 780 pregnant women and their infants that admitted to Wuming、Pingguo、Jingxi、Debao、Longan and Tiandong hospitals, were recruited, in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, from January 2015 to December 2017. Non-conditional logistic regression method was used to analyze the effect of anemia on preterm birth during pregnancy. Dose-response relationship between hemoglobin concentration and preterm birth was explored, using the restrictive cubic spline model. Results: After excluding 2 053 pregnant women with hypertension or aged 35 years and over, results from the non-conditional logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of preterm birth in the anemia group was 1.29 times (OR=1.29, 95%CI: 1.04-1.59, P=0.019) of the non-anemia group in the first trimester. Data from the restricted cubic sample showed that there appeared nonlinear "L" dose-response relationship between hemoglobin concentration and preterm birth in the first trimester and "U" shape in the third trimester (non-linearity test P<0.001). Conclusion: There appeared nonlinear dose-response relationship between the hemoglobin concentration and preterm birth, both in the first and third trimesters.


Assuntos
Anemia/complicações , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/epidemiologia , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/etiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/etiologia , Gravidez , Complicações Hematológicas na Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Gestantes , Fatores de Risco
17.
Dig Liver Dis ; 51(4): 471-483, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30850345

RESUMO

Anaemia is a common pathologic condition, present in almost 5% of the adult population. Iron deficiency is the most common cause; other mechanisms can be involved, making anaemia a multi-factorial disorder in most cases. Anaemia being a frequent manifestation in the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, patients are often referred to gastroenterologists. Furthermore, upper and lower endoscopy and enteroscopy are pivotal to the diagnostic roadmap of anaemia. In spite of its relevance in the daily clinical practice, there is a limited number of gastroenterological guidelines dedicated to the diagnosis of anaemia. For this reason, the Italian Association of Hospital Gastroenterologists and Endoscopists and the Italian Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition commissioned a panel of experts to prepare a specific guideline on anaemia and its diagnostic roadmap in the gastroenterological scenario. The panel also discussed about the potential involvement of gastroenterologists and endoscopists in the management of patients with anaemia, with particular attention to the correct use of investigations. The panel paid particular attention to practical issues with the aim to support gastroenterologists in their clinical practice when dealing with patients with anaemia.


Assuntos
Anemia/diagnóstico , Gastroenteropatias/complicações , Adulto , Anemia/classificação , Anemia/complicações , Anemia Ferropriva/complicações , Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Criança , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Itália , Sociedades Médicas
18.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 69(3): 343-348, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30890825

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of L-carnitine (LC) and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplements on haemoglobin levels and inflammatory markers in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with different haptoglobin (HP) genotypes. METHODS: This clinical trial study was conducted at Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ardabil, and Labbafinejad Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from March 2014 to March 2015, and comprised male patients with CKD and anaemia. Anthropometric factors were recorded and demographic data was collected using general questionnaires. LC (1 g/day) and CLA (2.4 g/day) supplements were given to the patients for a month. Blood samples were taken to measure haematological and inflammatory markers at the beginning and end of the study. Haptoglobin genotypes were determined using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). SPSS 21 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Among the 40 patients in the study, HP2-2 genotype was the most prevalent genotype (62.5%). The level of haemoglobin was significantly increased in the patients at the end of the study (p< 0.05). No significant changes were found in the weight, body mass index and serum levels of Interleukin-6, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, ferritin, total iron-binding capacity and iron (p>0.05 each). CONCLUSIONS: Regular diet supplementation with LC plus CLA can improve haemoglobin levels in CKD patients with anaemia.


Assuntos
Anemia/terapia , Carnitina/uso terapêutico , Suplementos Nutricionais , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Ácidos Linoleicos Conjugados/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Adulto , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/imunologia , Ferritinas/metabolismo , Genótipo , Haptoglobinas/genética , Humanos , Inflamação , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Ferro/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/imunologia
19.
Ann Hematol ; 98(6): 1333-1339, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891614

RESUMO

We determined the prevalence of incidental extracardiac findings (IEF) at Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) potentially related to anemia and hypoxia in age- and sex-matched populations (N = 318) with thalassemia major (TM) and thalassemia intermedia (TI) enrolled in the Myocardial Iron Overload in Thalassemia network. Overall, IEFs were detected in 33.3% and 25.8% of patients with TI and TM, respectively (P = 0.114). TI and TM patients had elevated but comparable prevalence of renal, splenic and liver cysts, and vertebral hemangiomas while TI patients had a significant higher frequency of extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) (15.1% vs 4.4%; P = 0.002). The prevalence of total IEFs increased with advancing age. TI non-transfusion-dependent patients had a significantly lower frequency of renal cysts than TI transfusion-dependent patients (8.8% vs 26.4%; P = 0.005). The prevalence of renal cysts in the thalassemic population was significantly higher than that in the general population (19.2% vs 1.9%; P < 0.0001). Our data on renal cysts indicate a significant higher prevalence of these IEFs compared to the general population, suggesting the role of the inappropriate activation of the hypoxia-inducible factor system linked to the chronic hypoxia. The significant prevalence of IEF in thalassemia patients undergoing MRI for iron quantification should prompt the discussion of the inclusion of IEF in the MRI report.


Assuntos
Cistos/epidemiologia , Hemangioma/epidemiologia , Hematopoese Extramedular , Doenças Renais Císticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Esplenopatias/epidemiologia , Talassemia/complicações , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Anemia/complicações , Transfusão de Sangue , Cistos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistos/etiologia , Feminino , Hemangioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangioma/etiologia , Humanos , Hipóxia/complicações , Serviços de Informação , Quelantes de Ferro/uso terapêutico , Sobrecarga de Ferro/tratamento farmacológico , Sobrecarga de Ferro/epidemiologia , Sobrecarga de Ferro/etiologia , Itália/epidemiologia , Doenças Renais Císticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Renais Císticas/etiologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Esplenopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Esplenopatias/etiologia , Talassemia/sangue , Talassemia/terapia , Adulto Jovem
20.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2019: 5398732, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894794

RESUMO

Introduction: The pathophysiology of malaria-related anaemia is not fully understood although increased destruction of parasitized and nonparasitized erythrocytes, as well as inadequate erythropoiesis, has been proposed. Circulating antierythropoietin (anti-EPO) antibodies have also been implicated in malaria and malaria-related anaemia in mice. However, studies on this association have not been investigated in humans. This study therefore determined the prevalence of anti-EPO antibody production and assessed its association with malaria and malaria-related anaemia in humans. Methods: A total of 86 children aged 1-10 years (57 children with malaria serving as the case group and 29 healthy children serving as control), all residents of Duayaw Nkwanta, Ghana, were recruited for this case-control study. Venous blood was collected for thick and thin films for malaria microscopy, full blood count by automated haematology analyzer, and antierythropoietin antibody and erythropoietin estimation by sandwich ELISA method. Results: Out of the 86 participants recruited, only 3 (3.5%) were positive for anti-EPO antibody; 2.3% of the case group; and 1.2% of the control group. There was no association between the cases and the controls in the production of anti-EPO antibodies. Erythropoietin concentration was significantly higher in malaria-related anaemic subjects (p=0.032). Conclusion: Antierythropoietin antibodies are not associated with malaria infection and malaria-related anaemia in humans. Erythropoietin concentration is associated with malaria-related anaemia.


Assuntos
Anemia/fisiopatologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Eritropoetina/imunologia , Malária/complicações , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Malária/imunologia , Masculino
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