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1.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 50(3): 366-371, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of 6-23 months infants by Yingyangbao(YYB) intervention in impoverished areas of Henan Province. METHODS: A multi-stage random sampling method was used to select infants aged 6-23 months from 51 project counties in Henan Province from September to November 2019. Physical anthropometric measurement and hemoglobin detection were performed, and face-to-face questionnaires surveyed with caregivers of the children. Children in 12 regions covered by YYB were defined as intervention group, and controls were selected from the baseline survey of children in 39 regions not covered by YYB according to the 1∶1 matching principle. The analysis between YYB and control groups were analyzed by χ~2 or t test. χ~2 test for trend to compare trend of children health status. RESULTS: A total of 7738 subjects were selected in the study, including 3869 in the intervention group and 3869 in the control group. The average length, weight and hemoglobin level of YYB group were 1. 1 cm, 0. 67 kg and 3. 8 g/L, respectively, which were higher than that of the control group. The anemia rate, underweight rate, stunting rate and wasting rate in intervention group were 13.1%, 1.7%, 2.1% and 1.9%, respectively, significantly lower than control group. Compared with the control group, the two-week prevalence of fever and diarrhea in the intervention group decreased by 5. 6% and 7. 2%, respectively. In addition, nutrition knowledge score of the parents, minimum dietary diversity rate, minimum meal frequency rate and minimum acceptable diet rate of intervention group were 62. 4%, 71. 1%, 73. 7% and 55. 8%, respectively, significantly better than that of control group. From 2015 to 2019, the anemia rate, underweight rate, stunting rate of children in regions covered by YYB showed a downward trend. CONCLUSION: YYB can effectively improve the nutrition, physical development and health status of 6-24 months infants. Through the implementation of the project, the knowledge and skills of scientific feeding in impoverished regions were significantly improved.


Assuntos
Anemia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Anemia/epidemiologia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Crescimento/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Estado Nutricional , Prevalência , População Rural
2.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 50(3): 377-381, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074359

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the hemoglobin and prevalence of anemia among 6-23 months infants at different elevations in poor rural areas in China. METHODS: The monitoring data in the year 2018 from the Children Nutrition Improvement Project in Poor Areas of China was used for the analysis, which covered 19 provinces and 42 938 infants of 6-23 months. Hemoglobin was tested by Hemoque method with blood drop from finger tips. The altitude of the residence regions was divided into eight parts. Analysis of variance was used to compare the mean values among the altitude groups, and chi-square test was used to compare the prevalence of anaemia. RESULTS: The data from 42 938 6-23 months infants was under analysis, among them 22 207(51.7%)were boys and 20 731(48.4%)girls. 27 208(63.4%)infants and children were located in the areas under 1000 meters whose average hemoglobin was 11.8 g/dL and the prevalence of anemia was 18.7%. There were 15 730(36.6%)infants living in areas higher than 1000 meters. The anemia rate ranged from 31.3% to 83.6% in all aged groups when altitude& gt; 2500 m that were noticeable higher than that of lower altitude regions. With the increase of altitude, the adjusted anemic rate showed an obvious upward trend. 6-11 months infants showed higher anemia rate compared with other groups. CONCLUSION: The incidence of anemia among children aged 6 to 23 months in poor areas of China is severe, among which infants living at an altitude of more than 2500 meters have a higher prevalence of anemia.


Assuntos
Altitude , Anemia , Pobreza , Anemia/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prevalência , População Rural
3.
Kardiologiia ; 61(4): 39-45, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998407

RESUMO

Aim      To study the effects of pre- and postoperative anemia on the risk and the structure of internal organ dysfunction in patients undergoing surgery for acquired heart diseases (AHD).Material and methods  This was a retrospective cohort study including 610 primarily operated patients with AHD. A comparative analysis of the incidence and the structure of internal organ dysfunction was performed, and the likelihood of intraoperative hemotransfusion was determined for patients with preoperative anemia (Hb <130 g/l) and without it. The incidence and the nature of internal organ damage were compared in patients with postoperative Hb < 90 g/l and 90-130 g/l.Results The presence of postoperative anemia detected in 45 % of patients at two days after the surgery 6-fold increased the risk of acute heart failure (odds ratio [OR], 5.75; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 1.23-26.84; р=0.016), 4-fold increased the risk of multiorgan failure (MOF) (OR, 4.2; 95 % CI, 1.16-15.64; р=0.03), and 5-fold increased the likelihood of hemotransfusion (OR, 4.74; 95 % CI, 3.12-7.19; р<0.0001). Severe and moderate anemia (Hb <90 g/l) was observed in 11.2 % of patients, which presence 6-fold increased the risk of brain dysfunction (OR, 5.72; 95 % CI, 2.17-15.06; р=0.001) and MOF (OR, 5.97; 95 % CI, 1.94-18.35; р=0.004) compared to patients with Hb 90-130 g/l.Conclusion      In patients with AHD, postoperative anemia increases the risk of circulatory decompensation at two days after the surgery and of MOF and also increases the likelihood of intraoperative hemotransfusion; postoperative anemia with Hb <90 g/l increases the risk of brain damage and MOF.


Assuntos
Anemia , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos , Anemia/epidemiologia , Anemia/etiologia , Valvas Cardíacas , Humanos , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/epidemiologia , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
J Int Med Res ; 49(5): 3000605211012231, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34018838

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between serum vitamin D3 concentration and anaemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in China, to assist understanding of the effects of vitamin D treatment in such patients. METHODS: A total of 225 patients with CKD were enrolled and a range of laboratory parameters were measured. The participants were allocated to three groups, according to their serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 concentration: a severe deficiency group, a deficiency group, and a sufficiency group. The prevalences of anaemia in the three groups were assessed, and the factors associated with anaemia in patients with CKD were analysed using logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalences of anaemia were 79.5% in the severe deficiency group, 63.5% in the deficiency group, and 48.0% in the sufficiency group. The prevalence of anaemia gradually increased with the severity of vitamin D3 deficiency. The prevalences of anaemia in participants with stages 1 to 5 CKD were 21.1%, 30.4%, 39.5%, 78.7%, and 94.6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Vitamin D3 deficiency may increase the risk of anaemia in patients with CKD.


Assuntos
Anemia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Anemia/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Colecalciferol , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
5.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 329, 2021 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34030664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate the relation between anemia and hemoglobin (Hgb) concentration, physical performance, and cognitive function in a large sample of Iranian elderly population. METHODS: Data were collected from Bushehr elderly health (BEH) program. A total of 3000 persons aged ≥60 years were selected through multistage random sampling. Hemoglobin values lower than 12 and 13 g/dL were considered as anemia for women and men, respectively. The cognitive function was measured using the Mini-cog test and Category fluency test (CFT), and the physical function was measured using handgrip strength (muscle strength), Relative handgrip strength (RHGS), and 4.57-m usual gait speed. Univariate and adjusted multivariate logistic regression and linear regression with Stata MP (version 15) were run, and a p-value of < 0.05 was used as statistically significant for all analyses. RESULTS: Among participants, 7.43% were anemic, and 115 (51.57%) simultaneously had anemia and cognitive disorder. There were significant associations between red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin (Hgb), platelet count (PLT), and hematocrit percentage (HCT) with cognitive impairment. Additionally, Hgb concentration was significantly associated with all physical measures (Mean handgrip, Relative handgrip, and usual gait speed) and late recall (mini-cog) among the whole participants. This association remained statistically significant after considering multi-cofounders. In contrast, after stratifying the participants by gender, the association between Hgb concentration and usual gait speed was decreased in both men and women; moreover, Hgb association with cognitive measures (category fluency test and late recall) was no longer significant (all p-values > 0.05). CONCLUSION: There was a cross-sectional and significant association between anemia and functional variables (e.g., Relative and mean handgrip) in Iranian elderly population, whereas Semantic memory, Late recall, and walking were more affected by gender.


Assuntos
Anemia , Força da Mão , Idoso , Anemia/diagnóstico , Anemia/epidemiologia , Cognição , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Desempenho Físico Funcional
6.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol ; 34(3): 352-356, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33935184

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the past years, patient blood management (PBM) has evolved to improve patient's care and safety. Anemia is one of the most common medical diseases in the world and is an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Iron deficiency is the main cause for anemia and constitutes a potentially preventable condition with a great impact on surgical outcome. However, preoperative anemia management is not yet established in most hospitals. Changing workflows and re-thinking is challenging. Numerous published studies confirmed the positive effect of preoperative anemia diagnosis and treatment recently. RECENT FINDINGS: Iron supplementation in iron-deficient anemic (IDA) patients reduce the need for allogenic blood transfusion thereby improving perioperative outcome. SUMMARY: Since the introduction of PBM programs, important movements towards early detection and therapy of preoperative anemia have been observed. However, preoperative anemia management is not implemented on a large scale as many healthcare professionals are not aware of the most recent findings in the field. Preoperative anemia management, particularly iron supplementation in IDA patients, has proven to be highly effective and has a tremendous effect on patient safety and outcome.


Assuntos
Anemia , Anemia/diagnóstico , Anemia/epidemiologia , Anemia/etiologia , Transfusão de Sangue , Humanos , Ferro , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Fatores de Risco
7.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 477, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: School-aged children (SAC) are a high-risk demographic group for infectious diseases and malnutrition. The objective of this study was to assess the burden and the effect of Plasmodium falciparum and Schistosoma haematobium infections on the haematological indices in SAC and the confounding influence of malnutrition on the outcomes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in SAC 4-14 years old living in Ikata, Bafia and Mile 14-Likoko in Muyuka, Cameroon. Anthropometric measures of malnutrition were obtained and blood samples collected were used for detection of malaria parasites by Giemsa-stained blood films using light microscopy and complete blood count analysis using an automated haematology analyser. Urine samples collected were used to detect micro haematuria with the aid of reagent strips and the eggs of S. haematobium by urine filtration technique. Multiple linear regression model was used to examine influence of independent variables on haematological parameters. RESULTS: Out of the 606 SAC examined, the prevalence of single infections with Plasmodium or S. haematobium and co-infection with both parasites was 16.2, 16.3 and 8.3%, respectively. Overall, malaria parasite (MP), urogenital schistosomiasis, malnutrition, anaemia, haematuria, microcytosis and thrombocytopenia was prevalent in 24.4, 24.6, 25.9, 74.4, 12.2, 45.4 and 11.1% of SAC, respectively. A significant linear decline (P = 0.023) in prevalence of P. falciparum infection with the severity of stunting was observed. Factors that significantly influenced haematological parameters included haemoglobin: age, stunting and MP; haematocrit: age and MP; white blood cell count: age; red blood cell count; age and MP; lymphocyte counts: stunting; mean cell volume: age; mean cell haemoglobin: age and stunting; mean cell haemoglobin concentration: sex, stunting and red cell distribution width-coefficient of variation: sex, age and stunting. CONCLUSIONS: Malnutrition, Plasmodium and S. haematobium infections are common while anaemia is a severe public health problem in Muyuka, Cameroon. The interaction between haematological parameters with malaria parasites as well as linear growth index was negative and other interactions indicate systemic inflammation. While findings provide contextual intervention targets to ensure the judicious use of the limited resources, there is need for regular monitoring and proper treatment to improve the health of the underserved population.


Assuntos
Coinfecção/sangue , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Malária Falciparum/sangue , Malária Falciparum/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Plasmodium falciparum/isolamento & purificação , Schistosoma haematobium/isolamento & purificação , Esquistossomose Urinária/sangue , Esquistossomose Urinária/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Anemia/epidemiologia , Animais , Camarões/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Coinfecção/parasitologia , Estudos Transversais , Contagem de Eritrócitos , Índices de Eritrócitos , Feminino , Hematócrito , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Malária Falciparum/parasitologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Esquistossomose Urinária/parasitologia , Instituições Acadêmicas
8.
BMC Res Notes ; 14(1): 167, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947454

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hospital data are a useful resource for studying pregnancy complications, including bleeding-related conditions, however, the reliability of these data is unclear. This study aims to examine reliability of reporting of bleeding-related conditions, including anaemia, obstetric haemorrhage and blood disorders, and procedures, such as blood transfusion and hysterectomy, in coded hospital records compared with obstetric data from two large tertiary hospitals in New South Wales. RESULTS: There were 36,051 births between 2011 and 2015 included in the analysis. Anaemia and blood disorders were poorly reported in the hospital data, with sensitivity ranging from 2.5% to 24.8% (positive predictive value (PPV) 12.0-82.6%). Reporting of postpartum haemorrhage, transfusion and hysterectomy showed high sensitivity (82.8-96.0%, PPV 78.0-89.6%) while moderate consistency with the obstetric data was observed for other types of obstetric haemorrhage (sensitivity: 41.9-65.1%, PPV: 50.0-56.8%) and placental complications (sensitivity: 68.2-81.3%, PPV: 20.3-72.3%). Our findings suggest that hospital data may be a reliable source of information on postpartum haemorrhage, transfusion and hysterectomy. However, they highlight the need for caution for studies of anaemia and blood disorders, given high rates of uncoded and 'false' cases, and suggest that other sources of data should be sought where possible.


Assuntos
Anemia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto , Anemia/diagnóstico , Anemia/epidemiologia , Austrália , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , New South Wales/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
BMJ Open ; 11(5): e045609, 2021 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33986056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preventing infantile anaemia and ensuring optimal growth and development during early childhood, particularly in resource-constrained settings, represent an ongoing public health challenge. Current responses are aligned to treatment-based solutions, instead of determining the roles of its inter-related causes. This project aims to assess and understand the complex interplay of eco-bio-social-political factors that determine infantile anaemia to inform policy, research design and prevention practices. METHODS: This is a longitudinal birth cohort study including four components: (1) biological, will assess known blood markers of iron homeostasis and anaemia and stool microbiota to identify and genetically analyse the participants' flora; (2) ecological, will assess and map pollutants in air, water and soil and evaluate features of nutrition and perceived food security; (3) social, which will use different qualitative research methodologies to explore key stakeholders and informants' perceptions related to nutritional, environmental and anaemia topics, participant observations and a participatory approach and (4) a political analysis, to identify and assess the impact of policies, guidelines and programmes at all levels for infantile anaemia in the three regions. Finally, we will also explore the role of social determinants and demographic variables longitudinally for all study participants. This project aims to contribute to the evidence of the inter-related causal factors of infantile anaemia, addressing the complexity of influencing factors from diverse methodological angles. We will assess infantile anaemia in three regions of Peru, including newborns and their mothers as participants, from childbirth until their first year of age. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was obtained from the Institutional Research Ethics Committee of the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño (Lima, Peru), CIEI-043-2019. An additional opinion has been granted by the Ethical Committee of Queen Mary University of London (London, UK). Dissemination across stakeholders is taking part as a continues part of the research process.


Assuntos
Anemia , Anemia/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Crescimento e Desenvolvimento , Homeostase , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Ferro , Londres , Peru
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 229, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34046134

RESUMO

Introduction: in Cameroon patients with multidrug/rifampicin resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (MDR/RR-PTB) are treated with a 9-11 month standardised shorter treatment regimen. Despite its effectiveness, factors associated with the occurrence of an unfavourable treatment outcome in this group of patients are not known. Determine the incidence and identify factors associated with an unfavourable treatment outcome among patients with rifampicin resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (RR-PTB) in Yaoundé. Methods: we conducted a retrospective record review of all consecutive patients with bacteriologically confirmed RR-PTB followed up at the specialised MDR/RR-TB treatment centre of the Jamot Hospital in Yaoundé (JHY) from January 2013 to November 2019. A patient was classified as having an unfavourable outcome if he/she had treatment failure, died or was lost to follow-up during the course of treatment. Results: a total of 242 RR-PTB patients with a mean age of 35.59 ± 12.02 years including 144 (59.5%) males were registered. Forty-nine (49) of the 242 patients had an unfavourable treatment outcome giving a cumulative incidence of 20.20% (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 15.40-25.90%). Multivariable analysis revealed that patients with an unfavourable outcome were more likely to be males (odds ratio (OR): 2.94; 95% CI: 1.24-7.00, p= 0.015), HIV infected (OR: 2.67; 95% CI: 1.17-6.06, p = 0.019), and have a baseline haemoglobin level ≤ 10g/dl (OR: 2.87; 95% CI: 1.25-6.58, p = 0.013). Conclusion: the rate of an unfavourable treatment outcome among patients with RR-PTB at the specialised MDR/RR-TB treatment centre of the JHY is relatively high. The male sex, HIV infection and moderate to severe anaemia are independent factors associated with an unfavourable treatment outcome.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/administração & dosagem , Rifampina/administração & dosagem , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anemia/epidemiologia , Camarões/epidemiologia , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rifampina/farmacologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/microbiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810272

RESUMO

Inadequate dietary intake, poor nutritional status, heavy smoking, and alcohol consumption are associated with the risk of anemia. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between dietary patterns, lifestyle, nutritional status, and anemia-related biomarkers among adults using a multivariable regression model. Taiwanese adults aged 20-45 years (n = 118,924, 43,055 men and 75,869 women) were obtained from the Mei Jau Health Management Institution database, between 2001 and 2015, for data analysis. The anemia-inflammation-related dietary pattern was derived by reduced rank regression analysis. Dietary patterns with high intakes of eggs, meat, organ meats, rice or flour products, fried foods, sugary beverages, and processed foods significantly increased the risk of anemia, and was associated with decreased hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red blood cells, but increased white blood cells and C-reactive protein levels. Moreover, current alcohol drinkers, as well as people who were underweight, overweight, obese, and central obese, were more likely to increase their risk of anemia by 46%, 20%, 23%, 34%, and 28%, respectively. Interestingly, participants who are current or past smokers were inversely associated with risk of anemia. In conclusion, adherence to the anemia-inflammation dietary pattern was associated with an increased risk of anemia in Taiwanese adults. Furthermore, abnormal weight status and alcohol drinking were correlated with an increased risk of anemia.


Assuntos
Anemia , Comportamento Alimentar , Adulto , Anemia/epidemiologia , Anemia/etiologia , Biomarcadores , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
12.
Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab ; 16(3): 147-153, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818239

RESUMO

Objectives: Changes in hematological parameters are becoming evident as important early markers of COVID-19. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has been shown to be associated with increased severity of COVID-19. In this study, we aim to explore the various hematological variables in COVID-19 positive patients with T2DM, so as to act early and improve patient outcomes.Methods: Medical e-records of seventy adult patients with T2DM who were COVID-19 positive have been analyzed in this retrospective cohort study. Demographic, clinical and laboratory parameters for these patients were examined.Results: Of the seventy patients with T2DM, 48.88% had poorly controlled diabetes. 70.69% were pyrexial, 56.25% were tachycardic and 38.58% were asymptomatic on presentation. Amongst the hematological parameters, anemia was seen in 10% of males and 15.38% of females. 20% had a high red-blood-cell-distribution-width (RDW). 7.27% had thrombocytosis and 3.64% had thrombocytopenia. 73.3% had a high platelet-distribution-width (PDW) and 44.44% had an increased mean-platelet-volume (MPV). 16.36% were neutropenic and 16.67% had lymphocytopenia.Conclusion: Diabetic COVID-19 positive patients have been shown to have prominent manifestations of the hemopoietic-system with varied hematological profiles. Recognizing the implications of these variables early in primary-care, can help clinicians aid management decisions and dictate early referral to secondary-care services, to help improve prognosis.


Assuntos
COVID-19/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Doenças Hematológicas/sangue , Atenção Primária à Saúde/tendências , Adulto , Anemia/sangue , Anemia/diagnóstico , Anemia/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Índices de Eritrócitos/fisiologia , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/diagnóstico , Doenças Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Volume Plaquetário Médio/métodos , Volume Plaquetário Médio/tendências , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas/métodos , Contagem de Plaquetas/tendências , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombocitopenia/sangue , Trombocitopenia/diagnóstico , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia
13.
Nutrients ; 13(4)2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33800575

RESUMO

In Botswana, there is limited data available on the health and nutritional status of the San People (also known as the Basarwa or Bushmen), an Indigenous minority group primarily living in the Ghanzi District. Our aim in this study was to assess anemia prevalence among and anthropometric indices of women and young children in Ghanzi District through a cross-sectional survey. We recruited 367 mother-child pairs (women 15-49 years and children 6-59 months) in nine randomly selected areas. A capillary blood sample was collected, and weight and height were measured. Hemoglobin (Hb) concentration was measured with use of a hemoglobinometer (HemoCue, AB), as per global recommendations. Overall, adjusted anemia prevalence was 12% in non-pregnant women (Hb < 120 g/L), 26% in pregnant women (Hb < 110 g/L), and 42% in children (Hb < 110 g/L), but it varied widely depending on whether or not the controversial factor of ethnicity was adjusted for (range of 6-26%, 22-30%, and 35-68% prevalence, respectively). Thirty-nine percent (n = 133/344) of non-pregnant women and 52% (n = 12/23) of pregnant women were underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2). In children aged 6-23 months, 41% were underweight (weight-for-age z-score < -2 SD), 13% were wasted (weight-for-height z-score < -2 SD), and 65% were stunted (height-for-age z-score < -2 SD); in children aged 24-59 months, 57% were underweight, 13% were wasted, and 66% were stunted. Fifty-six percent (n = 205/367) of women self-reported smoking in any form (rolled cigarettes or snuffing). The high prevalence of smoking among women, underweight status among pregnant women, and anemia, stunting, and wasting among children is of the highest concern for public health and should be addressed in future health and nutrition programming.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/estatística & dados numéricos , Anemia/etnologia , Anemia/epidemiologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/etnologia , Antropometria , Botsuana/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Transtornos do Crescimento/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Crescimento/etnologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional , Gestantes/etnologia , Prevalência , Magreza/epidemiologia , Magreza/etnologia , Síndrome de Emaciação/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Emaciação/etnologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Nutrients ; 13(4)2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33918630

RESUMO

Nutritional deficiencies are a leading underlying risk factor contributing to the global burden of disease. In Pakistan, late adolescence is considered a nutritionally vulnerable period, as micronutrient requirements are increased to support maturation, and dietary staples are nutrient poor. However, there has been limited evaluation of micronutrient status beyond anemia and its determinants. Using cross-sectional data from late adolescent and young women (15-23 years) at enrolment in the Matiari emPowerment and Preconception Supplementation (MaPPS) Trial, we aimed to describe the prevalence of key micronutrient deficiencies of public health concern, and generate hierarchical models to examine associations with proxies for social determinants of health (SDoH). The prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies was high: 53.6% (95% confidence interval (CI): 53.0-54.3%) had anemia; 38.0% (95% CI: 36.4-39.6%) iron deficiency anemia; 31.8% (95% CI: 30.2-33.3%) vitamin A deficiency; and 81.1% (95% CI: 79.8-82.4%) vitamin D deficiency. At least one deficiency was experienced by 91.0% (95% CI: 90.1-92.0%). Few SDoH were maintained in the final hierarchical models, although those maintained were often related to socioeconomic status (e.g., education, occupation). To improve the micronutrient status of late adolescent and young women in Pakistan, a direct micronutrient intervention is warranted, and should be paired with broader poverty alleviation methods.


Assuntos
Micronutrientes/metabolismo , População Rural , Adolescente , Anemia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Estado Nutricional , Paquistão , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Deficiência de Vitamina A/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33925225

RESUMO

The importance of sleep has been gaining more and more attention nowadays. It has been widely studied that some major health issues, such as cardiovascular diseases or mortality, are closely related to the extreme ends of sleep durations. Anemia is one of the health problems in modern society. In this study, we aimed to find a relationship between anemia occurrence and sleep duration. Data of 11,131 Korean adults aged 19 years or older were recruited from the 2016-2017 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and analyzed in this cross-sectional study. 'Anemia' was defined in this study by hemoglobin level of <13 g/dL in men and <12 g/dL in women. Selected data were sorted into five groups by sleep duration: <5 h, 5 h ~ <6 h, 6 h ~ <8 h, 8 h ~ <9 h, and ≥9 h per day. We performed multivariate logistic regression analysis to assess the relationship between sleep duration and risk of anemia after adjusting for covariates including age, gender, family income level, education level, physical activity, cigarette smoking, and alcohol usage. Other factors were assessed in the analysis, such as depression, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, stroke, coronary artery disease, malignancy, stress level, and body mass index (BMI). We found that sleep duration of <5 h was related to high risk of anemia (odds ratio = 1.87; 95% confidence interval = 1.01-3.49, sleep duration of 6 h ~ <8 h as the reference group). Also, sleep duration of ≥9 h was related to lower risk of anemia in most premenopausal women after adjusting for covariates (odds ratio = 0.61; 95% confidence interval = 0.38-0.96, sleep duration of 6 h ~ < 8 h as the reference group). Male individuals with sleep durations of <5 h (odds ratio = 2.01; 95% confidence interval =1.05-3.84) and of ≥9 h (odds ratio = 2.48; 95% confidence interval =1.63-3.81) had a significantly higher risk of anemia without covariate adjustment. Postmenopausal women with sleep durations of ≥9 h had a significantly higher risk of anemia (odds ratio =2.02; 95% confidence interval =1.33-3.08) without adjusting for covariates. However, the associations became statistically insignificant after adjusting for age and covariates in both men and postmenopausal women. In conclusion, we found significant associations between extreme ends of sleep duration and risk of anemia in premenopausal Korean women. However, we did not observe strong associations between self-reported sleep duration and anemia risk in men or postmenopausal women.


Assuntos
Anemia , Sono , Adulto , Anemia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
16.
Nutrients ; 13(4)2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33919830

RESUMO

Infantile anaemia has been a severe public health problem in China for decades. However, it is unclear whether there are regional differences in the prevalence of anaemia. In this study, we used data from the China Nutrition and Health Surveillance (CNHS) to assess the prevalence of anaemia and the risk factors associated with its prevalence in different regions. We included 9596 infants aged 0-23 months from the CNHS 2013 database. An infant was diagnosed with anaemia if he/she had a haemoglobin concentration of <110 g/L. We used multivariate logistic regression to investigate the potential risk factors associated with the development of anaemia. We found that anaemia was present in 2126 (22.15%) of the infants assessed. Approximately 95% of these cases were classified as mild anaemia. Based on the guidelines laid out by the World Health Organization, 5.5% and 43.6% of the surveillance sites were categorized as having severe and moderate epidemic levels of anaemia, respectively. The prevalence of infantile anaemia in Eastern, Central and Western China was 16.67%, 22.25% and 27.44%, respectively. Premature birth, low birth weight, breastfeeding and residence in Western China were significantly associated with higher odds of developing anaemia. Female sex and having mothers with high levels of education and maternal birth age >25 years were associated with lower odds of developing anaemia. In conclusion, we observed significant regional disparities in the prevalence of infantile anaemia in China. Western China had the highest prevalence of infantile anaemia, and rural regions showed a higher prevalence of anaemia than urban regions.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Inquéritos Nutricionais/estatística & dados numéricos , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Geografia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
ANZ J Surg ; 91(5): E280-E285, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anaemia is a common manifestation of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, appropriate workup prior to surgery and the effect of anaemia on outcomes have not been well defined. This study aimed to describe preoperative anaemia incidence, investigations performed, treatment and associated complications in a CRC surgical population at a single large tertiary institution in Australia. METHODS: Patients who received surgery with curative intent for CRC between 2012 and 2017 were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Demographic and clinical outcome data were analysed. RESULTS: In total, 754 patients with CRC were included. Anaemia was found in 350 (46.4%) patients, of which 124 (35.4%) were microcytic, 20 (5.7%) were macrocytic and 206 (58.9%) were normocytic. Older patients were more likely to have anaemia (mean age 70.28 years, standard deviation (SD) 12.98 versus 64.74 years, SD 11.74). Only 89 patients (25.4%) were tested for iron deficiency, and of these, 76 (85.4%) were found to be iron deficient and 42 (47.7%) had low ferritin. Preoperative anaemia was associated with a higher incidence of postoperative complications (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.46, 95%, CI 1.04-2.05; P = 0.03) and a longer length of stay (LOS; average 1.8 days; 95% CI 0.3-3.3 days). CONCLUSION: A significant proportion of CRC patients had anaemia and the majority were normocytic. Only a small number of anaemic patients were tested for iron deficiency. Preoperative anaemia had an adverse effect on LOS and postoperative complications. The evaluation of anaemic patients is essential in CRC patients undergoing surgery.


Assuntos
Anemia , Neoplasias Colorretais , Idoso , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/epidemiologia , Austrália/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Humanos , Ferro , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Molecules ; 26(8)2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33917113

RESUMO

Active women or women of reproductive age (15-49 years old) have a high risk of suffering from anaemia. Anaemia is not solely caused by iron deficiency, however, the approaches to improve iron status in both cases are greatly related. Improving the iron status of active women can be done by dietary intervention with functional food. This review aims to provide insights about the functional food role to increase iron absorption in active women and the potency of pulse probiotic superfood development in dry matrices. Results showed that the beneficial effect of iron status is significantly improved by the synergic work between probiotic and prebiotic. Furthermore, chickpeas and lentils are good sources of prebiotic and the consumption of pulses are related with 21st century people's intention to eat healthy food. There are wide possibilities to develop functional food products incorporated with probiotics to improve iron status in active woman.


Assuntos
Alimento Funcional , Ferro/metabolismo , Probióticos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Anemia/epidemiologia , Anemia/etiologia , Anemia/metabolismo , Anemia/prevenção & controle , Biomarcadores , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Ferro/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação Nutricional , Adulto Jovem
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802946

RESUMO

Anemia is highly prevalent in all strata of populations in India, with established evidence of intergenerational anemia. The state of Madhya Pradesh was selected to study childhood anemia as the population is mostly rural, with many tribal districts, and has the highest infant mortality rate in India. This study aims to understand the maternal, social and household factors that affect anemia among children aged 6 months to 5 years by analyzing the the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted in 2015-2016. Children aged 6-59 months with estimated hemoglobin levels were included in this study. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted to understand associations between childhood anemia and various socioeconomic factors. Two models to understand the presence of anemia and the levels of anemia were computed. Higher likelihood of having severe childhood anemia was observed among children of younger mothers (15- to 19-year-old mothers (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.08, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06, 4.06, less educated (uneducated mothers aOR 2.25, 95% CI 1.13, 4.48) and belonged to a scheduled tribe (aOR 1.88, 95% CI 1.07, 3.29). Strong associations between anemia in mothers and their children suggest intergenerational anemia which has long-term effects. Malnourished children (severe stunting aOR 3.19, 95% CI 2.36, 4.31) and children born with very low birth weight (aOR 4.28, 95% CI 2.67, 6.87) were more likely to have anemia. These findings strongly suggest more proactive interventions including prenatal healthcare for women and monitoring of the nutrition children at the community level to combat childhood anemia. Evaluations of existing programs should be conducted to understand the gaps in reducing anemia and malnutrition in children.


Assuntos
Anemia , Características da Família , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Lactente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
20.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 699, 2021 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anaemia is prevalent in children. Therefore, this study examined the association between dietary patterns and anaemia among children in central South China. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies were conducted in Mayang, central South China, in 2015 and 2018. Diet data were collected using a questionnaire, and dietary patterns were identified via exploratory factor analysis. Haemoglobin was measured to assess anaemia status. Associations between dietary patterns and anaemia were assessed using a logistic regression model. RESULTS: The mean age of the infants surveyed was 14.06 months in 2015 and 16.58 months in 2018. Four dietary patterns were identified among infants aged 6-23 months: a diversified diet consisting mainly of tubers, dairy products, beans and bean products; a traditional diet consisting mainly of cereals, water, soup, vegetables and fruit; mainly breast milk, with a little powdered formula; or mainly multi-nutrient powders. The prevalence of anaemia in infants decreased from 29.49% in 2015 to 20.26% in 2018.In infants fed a diversified diet or multi-nutrient powders with top-quartile (Q4) scores, the risk of anaemia was reduced by 45%(adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 0.55, 95%CI0.30-0.99, P = 0.047) or 59% (AOR = 0.41, 95% CI0.22-0.78, P = 0.006), respectively, compared to infants in the lowest quartile (Q1). Infants fed mainly breast milk had a 3.26-fold greater risk of anaemia compared to those with Q1 scores (AOR = 3.26, 95% CI 1.83-5.81, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Four dietary patterns were identified among infants aged 6-23 months in central South China. Infants should be fed a variety of food groups to improve their anaemia status.


Assuntos
Anemia , Dieta , Anemia/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Verduras
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