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1.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 6074-6077, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019356

RESUMO

The femoral nerve blockage is a procedure that aims to provide anesthesia to the hip, anterior thigh, and stifle. This procedure presents several challenges when performed in veterinary patients with diverse anatomy and physiology. Successful use of this technique will improve a dog's recovery time after surgery in comparison to the commonly used epidural block. A mixed reality application to guide practitioners in the femoral nerve block procedure was developed in Unity and Visual Studio. A 3D model for use within the application was created from pictures of a cadaver leg using photogrammetry software. The Microsoft HoloLens headset provides the mixed reality hardware platform. This paper presents the workflow used in developing the mixed reality application and custom 3D model, as well as initial results with respect to the utility of the application in guiding an anesthesiologist in the procedure of the femoral nerve block.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural , Bloqueio Nervoso , Animais , Realidade Aumentada , Cães , Nervo Femoral , Humanos , Injeções
3.
Pediatrics ; 146(5)2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33127849
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e18958, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871967

RESUMO

We performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of epidural anesthesia and local anesthesia on the surgical outcomes of lumbar disc herniation (DH).Electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and the Chinese Academic Journal Full-text Database were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that reported on the effects of local anesthesia and epidural anesthesia in lumbar DH surgical management. Evaluation indicators included: onset time of anesthesia, patient satisfaction, and the rate of adverse effects. There were 6 RCTs with a total of 606 patients in this meta-analysis: 274 cases in the local anesthesia group and 332 in the epidural anesthesia group.This meta-analysis demonstrated that the epidural anesthesia group had a better analgesic effect, a lower adverse effect rate (mean difference [MD] = 0.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.08, 0.54], P = .001) and a better satisfaction rate: (MD = 6.54, 95% CI [2.77, 15.45], P < .0001). The duration of anesthesia was not statistically significant.Epidural anesthesia is a better choice for lumbar DH surgery compared to local anesthesia.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural , Anestesia Local , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21435, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756154

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The population of obese individuals is increasing worldwide, and as a result, the number of mothers with super morbid obesity undergoing cesarean sections is also increasing. However, little is known about which anesthetic technique is appropriate for cesarean sections of super morbidly obese parturients. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 35-year-old woman with body mass index 61.3 kg/m at a gestational age of 37 weeks. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was super morbidly obese parturient. INTERVENTIONS: Spinal anesthesia was performed. A spinal needle was inserted into the L4-5 interspinous space in the sitting position. After confirmation of cerebrospinal fluid, 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine 9 mg and fentanyl 20 µg were injected into the subarachnoid space. OUTCOMES: After the administration of spinal anesthetics, the nerve block to the T8 dermatome level was confirmed, surgery was performed, and the fetus was delivered. The patient's vital signs were stable until the end of the operation. CONCLUSION: There is no established strategy for selecting a method of anesthesia in patients with morbid obesity (body mass index 40 kg/m or more). For this reason and considering the amount of bupivacaine used for spinal anesthesia, we wanted to share our experience with spinal anesthesia for cesarean section in a super morbidly obese parturients.


Assuntos
Anestesia Obstétrica/métodos , Raquianestesia/instrumentação , Cesárea/métodos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Anestesia Obstétrica/tendências , Raquianestesia/métodos , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Índice de Massa Corporal , Bupivacaína/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fentanila/administração & dosagem , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Injeções Espinhais , Agulhas , Obesidade Mórbida/epidemiologia , Alta do Paciente/normas , Gravidez
8.
Medwave ; 20(6): e7950, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759892

RESUMO

The purpose of this article is to review the characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, the clinical-epidemiological aspects of COVID-19, and the implications anesthesiologists when performing aerosol-generating procedures. A search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, SciELO, and Web of Science databases was performed until April 9, 2020, using the words: "COVID-19 or COVID19 or SARS-CoV-2 and anesthesiology or anesthesia". Forty-eight articles with information on the management of the patient in the perioperative period or the intensive care unit when suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection were included. In general, the postponement of elective surgeries for no more than 6 to 8 weeks, depending on the clinical condition of the patients is recommended. In the case of urgent or emergency surgeries, we review the use of personal protection gear, as well as the recommended strategies for carrying out the procedure.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/normas , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Aerossóis , Anestesia por Condução/métodos , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Raquianestesia/métodos , Anestesiologia/organização & administração , Betacoronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Intubação Intratraqueal/normas , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Respiração Artificial/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21517, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791767

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare form of pulmonary hypertension. It is often underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed as idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Inappropriate treatment may cause worsening of symptoms which may lead to fatal outcomes. Anesthetic considerations and management for pulmonary hypertension are well described, but few anesthesiologists are aware of the entity of PVOD and its management. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of PVOD in a 73-year-old female who was on concurrent aspirin and anagrelide, requiring emergent open femoral hernia repair. DIAGNOSIS: PVOD and incarcerated femoral hernia INTERVENTION:: Combined spinal-epidural (CSE) was performed to enable the surgery. OUTCOME: Surgery was completed successfully under central neuraxial anesthesia and the patient remained stable and comfortable throughout, avoiding the need for general anesthesia. Due to the concurrent aspirin and anagrelide therapy, significant bleeding from the CSE puncture site was observed immediately post-operatively. This was resolved with external manual compression and withholding the aspirin and anagrelide. Patient remained well without neurological deficit and was discharged postoperative day seven. LESSONS: It is important to differentiate PVOD from PAH due to the controversial use of pulmonary vasodilators in PVOD. Pulmonary vasodilator is commonly used to treat acute pulmonary hypertension in PAH but its usage may lead to pulmonary edema in patients with PVOD. Hence, with no ideal treatment available, the avoidance of general anesthesia is crucial to prevent acute pulmonary hypertensive crisis in patient with PVOD. However, this needs to be weighed against the elevated risk of central neuraxial bleeding when performing a CSE in a patient on concurrent aspirin and anagrelide therapy. Calculated decision-making considering the risks and benefits of all alternatives should be carried out in such a scenario, and measures should be taken in anticipation of the potential consequences of the eventual decision. CONCLUSION: It is important to differentiate PVOD from PAH. PVOD has unique anesthetic considerations due to the controversial use of pulmonary vasodilators. This case also emphasizes the importance of active anticipation of potential issues and adequate follow up.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural , Raquianestesia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/prevenção & controle , Pneumopatia Veno-Oclusiva/complicações , Idoso , Feminino , Hérnia Femoral/cirurgia , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia
10.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(7): 457-464, 2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842249

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of dual-tube epidural segmental injection of lidocaine analgesia on the delivery outcome and maternal and infant complications of persistent posterior occipital position postpartum or lateral occipital position postpartum patients with protracted active phase. Methods: The full and single-term primiparas (n=216, 37 to 42 weeks gestation, 22 to 35 years) diagnosed as persistent posterior or lateral occipital position during the active period were selected from the Department of Obstetrics of Qingdao Municipal Hospital from January 2015 to October 2019. The subjects were randomly assigned into two groups: double-tube epidural block group (n=108) and single-tube epidural block group (n=108), 1% lidocaine was used for epidural analgesia respectively under ultrasound guidance. Senior midwife or obstetricians implement new partogram, and guide women to perform position management, and push or rotate the fetal head in a timely manner. Observation indicators: general condition, the use of non-pharmacological analgesic measures, analgesia related conditions and pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score, delivery-related indicator, cesarean section indication, anesthesia-related indicator, maternal and child complications. Results: (1) General condition: the age, weight, height, gestational age, the ratio of persistent lateral or posterior occipital position, cephalic score, and neonatal birth weight between the two groups of women were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). (2) The use of non-pharmacological analgesic measures: the women's Lamaze breathing method, Doula delivery companionship, percutaneous electrical stimulation, and other measures between two groups were compared, and there were not significant differences (all P>0.05). (3) Analgesia related conditions and VAS scores of women undergoing vaginal delivery: compared with the single-tube epidural block group (n=40), the second-partum time of the women in the double-tube epidural block group (n=59) was significantly shortened [(124±44) vs (86±33) minutes, P<0.01]; after 30 minutes of analgesia (4.4±0.5 vs 0.9±0.5, P<0.01), during forced labor in the second stage of labor (5.7±0.6 vs 1.3±0.4, P<0.01), the VAS scores of pain were also significantly reduced (P<0.01). (4) Labor-related indicators: compared with the single-tube epidural block group, the natural delivery rate (21.3% vs 49.1%) and the delivery experience satisfaction rate (51.9% vs 98.1%) of women in the double-tube epidural block group were significantly increased (all P<0.01), cesarean section rate (63.0% vs 45.4%), instrument assisted rate (15.7% vs 5.6%) decreased significantly (all P<0.05). (5) Cesarean section indications: compared with the single-tube epidural block group, the cesarean section rate caused by prolonged labor or protracted active phase of women in the double-tube epidural block group was significantly reduced (38.0% vs 22.2%; P<0.05), and the fetal distress, intrauterine infection, and social factors caused by cesarean section between the two groups were compared, while the differences were not statistically significant (all P>0.05).(6) Anesthesia related indexes: the block planes of the maternal upper tube administration in the double-tube epidural block group were mostly T7, T8, T9-L2 and L3,While,the block planes in the single-tube epidural block group were mostly T10, T11-S1, S2, S3, and the modified Bromage score were all 0. (7) Maternal and child complications: compared with the single-tube epidural block group, the postpartum hemorrhage rate (18.5% vs 7.4%), the perineal lateral cut rate (20.4% vs 5.6%), the neonatal asphyxia rate (12.0% vs 3.7%), ICU rate of transferred neonates (13.9% vs 4.6%) in the double-tube epidural block group were significantly reduced (all P<0.05). Soft birth canal injury rate, puerperal disease rate and neonatal birth rate between two groups were compared, and there were not statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Dual-tube epidural segmental injection of lidocaine analgesia could increase the natural delivery rate of women with posterior occipital or lateral occipital position with active stagnation, reduce the rate of cesarean section and the rate of transvaginal instruments, and reduce the complications of mother and child.


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural/métodos , Analgesia Epidural/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgesia Obstétrica/métodos , Analgesia Obstétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho de Parto/efeitos dos fármacos , Lidocaína/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Analgesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Analgesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Dor , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736388

RESUMO

The true incidence of infectious complications related to regional anaesthesia and analgesia is not known but like any invasive procedure is has the potential for severe sequelae. This article gives an overview on hygiene requirements based on the S1-guideline "Hygiene recommendations on regional anaesthesia", current recommendations of the Robert Koch-Institute and current scientific insights. Basic hygienic standards (removal of jewellery, accurate hand disinfection, clean environment) are to be applied. A face mask to cover nose and mouth, a surgical hair cap and sterile gloves are essential parts of any block. For catheter placements a sterile gown with long arms is recommended and also a sterile cover for the ultrasound probe (including the cable when catheters are placed). Skin disinfectant should be alcohol-based and contain a remanent ingredient (chlorhexidine or octenidine). Catheter tunneling may be protective when thoracic epidural catheters are used. When patient related factors (diabetes, obesity, immune suppression) and procedural factors (intended catheter use > 4 days, catheter site) are carefully weighed, an antibiotic prophylaxis may be taken into consideration.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Anestesia por Condução , Anestesia Epidural , Cateterismo , Humanos , Higiene
12.
Acta Cir Bras ; 35(6): e202000608, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667587

RESUMO

Purpose To develop a 3D anatomical model for teaching canine epidural anesthesia (3DMEA) and to assess its efficacy for teaching and learning prior to the use of live animals. Methods The creation of 3DMEA was based on 3D optical scanning and 3D printing of canine bone pieces of the fifth to the seventh lumbar vertebrae, sacrum and pelvis. A total of 20 male dogs were scheduled for castration. 20 veterinary students watched a video showing epidural anesthesia in dogs before the clinical attempt and were assigned to control or 3DMEA groups. Students in the 3DMEA group trained in the model after the video. For the clinical trial, the epidural procedure was performed by students under the veterinary supervision. When observed the absence of response to nociceptive stimuli, the epidural was considered successful. Then, all students answered a questionnaire evaluating the main difficulty founded in the technique and its degree of difficulty. Results The 3DMEA group reported a lower degree of difficulty to perform the epidural anesthesia technique when compared with the control group (p=0.0037). The 3DMEA reproduced the anatomical structures, allowing the perception of the distance of needle in relation to the iliac prominences during epidural anesthesia. Its mobility allowed simulation of the animal in standing position and sternal recumbency. Conclusion The use of 3DMEA demonstrated greater efficacy in the execution of the technique, being effective in the teaching and learning process before the epidural anesthesia in live animals.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural , Animais , Cães , Espaço Epidural , Masculino , Modelos Anatômicos , Agulhas
13.
Medwave ; 20(6)31-07-2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119716

RESUMO

El objetivo de este artículo es revisar las características del SARS-CoV-2, los aspectos clínico-epidemiológicos de COVID-19 y las implicaciones que tienen para los anestesiólogos al realizar procedimientos generadores de aerosoles. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos PubMed, Scopus, SciELO y Web of Science hasta el 9 de abril de 2020, utilizando las palabras: "COVID-19 or COVID19 or SARS-CoV-2 and anesthesiology or anesthesia". Se incluyeron 48 artículos con información sobre el manejo del paciente en el perioperatorio o en la unidad de cuidados intensivos ante la sospecha o confirmación de infección por SARS-CoV-2. En general, se recomienda el aplazamiento de las cirugías electivas por no más de seis a ocho semanas, de acuerdo a las condiciones clínicas de los pacientes. En el caso de cirugías de urgencia o emergencia, se revisan tópicos del sistema de protección personal así como las estrategias recomendadas para la realización de los procedimientos.


The purpose of this article is to review the characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, the clinical-epidemiological aspects of COVID-19, and the implications anesthesiologists when performing aerosol-generating procedures. A search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, SciELO, and Web of Science databases was performed until April 9, 2020, using the words: "COVID-19 or COVID19 or SARS-CoV-2 and anesthesiology or anesthesia". Forty-eight articles with information on the management of the patient in the perioperative period or the intensive care unit when suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection were included. In general, the postponement of elective surgeries for no more than 6 to 8 weeks, depending on the clinical condition of the patients is recommended. In the case of urgent or emergency surgeries, we review the use of personal protection gear, as well as the recommended strategies for carrying out the procedure.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus/genética , Anestesiologia/normas , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Respiração Artificial/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Aerossóis , Pandemias , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Intubação Intratraqueal/normas , Anestesia por Condução/métodos , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Raquianestesia/métodos , Anestesiologia/organização & administração , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos
15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(9): 5162-5166, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-339621

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Over the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the demand for critical care beds among medical services has rapidly exceeded its supply. Elective surgery has comprehensively been drastically limited and allocating intensive care beds to emergency cases or to high risk scheduled elective cases has become an even more difficult task. Here we present our experience which could help to handle undelayable surgical procedures during this emergency. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 2019, eight patients (4 men, 4 women) with a mean age of 88 years, needing emergency abdominal surgery underwent awake open surgery at our Department of Surgery. All of them were identified as fragile patients at preoperative evaluation by the anesthesiologist. In all cases, locoregional anesthesia (spinal, epidural or combined spinal-epidural anesthesia) was performed. Intraoperative and postoperative pain has been monitored and regularly assessed. RESULTS: None of the patients was intubated. Mean operative time was 80 minutes (minimum 30 minutes, maximum 130 minutes). Intraoperative and postoperative pain were both well controlled. None of them required postoperative intensive care support. No perioperative complications were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our preliminary case series, awake open surgery has resulted feasible and safe. This approach has allowed to perform undelayable major abdominal surgeries on fragile patients when intensive care beds were not available. Surely, it represents a helpful alternative in the COVID-19 era. A streamlining of workflows would fast-track both fragile patients management, as well as healthcare workers' tasks and activity.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Laparotomia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Vigília , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Raquianestesia/métodos , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Dor Processual/terapia
16.
J Anesth ; 34(4): 613-618, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430561

RESUMO

An outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia occurred worldwide since December 2019, which had been named COVID-19 subsequently. It is extremely transmissive that infection in pregnant women were unavoidable. The delivery process will produce large amount of contaminated media, leaving a challenge for medical personnel to ensure both the safety of the mother and infant and good self-protection. Only rare cases of pregnant women with COVID-19 are available for reference. Here, we report a 30-year-old woman had reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction-confirmed COVID-19 at 36 weeks 2 days of gestation. Significant low and high variability of fetal heart rate baseline and severe variable decelerations were repeated after admission. An emergency cesarean section at 37 weeks 1 day of gestation under combined spinal and epidural anesthesia was performed with strict protection for all personnel. Anesthesia and operation went uneventfully. None of the participants were infected. We can conclude that when confronted with cesarean section in parturient with COVID-19, careful planning and detailed preparation can improve the safety of the mother and infant and reduce the risk of infection for medical staff to help preventing and controlling the epidemic.


Assuntos
Anestesia Obstétrica/métodos , Betacoronavirus , Cesárea , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Adulto , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Raquianestesia/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez , Radiografia Torácica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(9): 5162-5166, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Over the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the demand for critical care beds among medical services has rapidly exceeded its supply. Elective surgery has comprehensively been drastically limited and allocating intensive care beds to emergency cases or to high risk scheduled elective cases has become an even more difficult task. Here we present our experience which could help to handle undelayable surgical procedures during this emergency. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 2019, eight patients (4 men, 4 women) with a mean age of 88 years, needing emergency abdominal surgery underwent awake open surgery at our Department of Surgery. All of them were identified as fragile patients at preoperative evaluation by the anesthesiologist. In all cases, locoregional anesthesia (spinal, epidural or combined spinal-epidural anesthesia) was performed. Intraoperative and postoperative pain has been monitored and regularly assessed. RESULTS: None of the patients was intubated. Mean operative time was 80 minutes (minimum 30 minutes, maximum 130 minutes). Intraoperative and postoperative pain were both well controlled. None of them required postoperative intensive care support. No perioperative complications were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our preliminary case series, awake open surgery has resulted feasible and safe. This approach has allowed to perform undelayable major abdominal surgeries on fragile patients when intensive care beds were not available. Surely, it represents a helpful alternative in the COVID-19 era. A streamlining of workflows would fast-track both fragile patients management, as well as healthcare workers' tasks and activity.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Laparotomia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Vigília , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Raquianestesia/métodos , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Dor Processual/terapia
18.
Tunis Med ; 98(2): 156-160, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32395806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The practice of hypnoanalgesia in orthopedics is rare and the literature is poor. AIM: The purpose of this pilot study was to verify the efficacy of hypnosis for the management of postoperative analgesia after arthroscopic repair of anterior cruciate ligament. METHODS: This was a prospective clinical trial over a period of 6 months (March - August 2015) including 25 patients scheduled for arthroscopic repair of anterior cruciate ligament under spinal anesthesia. All these patients had preoperative hypnosis in addition to the standard multimodal analgesia protocol (group H) and were compared to historical group (group S) who received only a standard multimodal analgesia protocol. RESULTS: Pain scores were significantly lower for the hypnosis group during the first 48 hours postoperatively (p = 0,006). The total dose of morphine at 48 hours was: 13,6 mg (95% CI [4,58; 22,62]) in the group H and 10,2 mg (95% CI [1,64 ; 18,76]) in group S with no statistically significant difference (p = 0,178) Conclusion: Results of this pilot study in orthopedic surgery suggested that hypnosis reduced postoperative pain scores as demonstrated in other surgeries.


Assuntos
Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Artroscopia , Hipnose , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Analgesia/métodos , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/efeitos adversos , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Estudo Historicamente Controlado , Humanos , Hipnose/estatística & dados numéricos , Manejo da Dor/efeitos adversos , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Projetos Piloto , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 26(3): 445-452, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the effects of the anesthesia technique on the intraoperative blood loss in acetabular fracture patients undergoing the Modified Stoppa approach. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 63 patients who underwent a Modified Stoppa approach for acetabular fracture from January 2014 to July 2018. A total of 20 patients were excluded from this study for the following reasons: bilateral acetabular fractures (n=6), undergoing antiaggregant treatment (n=3), incomplete anesthesia records (n=3), emergency pelvic surgery due to hemodynamic instability (n=5), splenic rupture (n=2), and liver laceration (n=1). The patients were divided into two groups as follows: patients undergoing general anesthesia (GA) (n=22) and patients undergoing combined epidural-general anesthesia (CEGA) (n=21). The main outcome measurements studied were the intraoperative blood loss and the need for intraoperative and/or postoperative blood transfusions. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found between the groups concerning the age, gender, type of fracture, mechanism of injury, time from injury to surgery, Injury Severity Score, associated injuries, and comorbidities (p>0.05). The mean intraoperative blood losses were 717.27 ml (300-1.600 ml) in the GA group and 473.81 ml (150-1.020 ml) in the CEGA group (p<0.001). In the cases with only an isolated acetabular fracture, the intraoperative blood transfusion means were 2.43 units (1-5 units) in 14 patients in the GA group and 1.27 units (1-4 units) in 15 patients in the CEGA group (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Less intraoperative bleeding was seen in those patients undergoing CEGA when compared to those undergoing GA. This is a significant advantage for acetabular surgery, which has a long learning curve and a high risk of bleeding.


Assuntos
Acetábulo , Anestesia Epidural/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Acetábulo/lesões , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Anestesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Pediatrics ; 145(6)2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398328

RESUMO

A 15-year-old girl is scheduled to undergo an upper lobectomy to debulk metastatic Ewing sarcoma. The anesthesiologist recommended placement of a thoracic epidural catheter to provide postoperative analgesia. The patient did not want a needle to be placed near her spine. She was terrified that the procedure would be painful and that it might paralyze her. Although the anesthesiologist reassured her that sedation and local anesthesia would make the procedure comfortable, she remained vehemently opposed to the epidural procedure. The parents spoke privately to the anesthesiologist and asked for placement of the epidural after she was asleep. They firmly believed that this would provide optimal postoperative analgesia and thus would be in her best interest. Experts discuss the pros and cons of siding with the patient or parents.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/ética , Anestesia Epidural/ética , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Relações Pais-Filho , Relações Médico-Paciente/ética , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/ética , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Anestesia Epidural/psicologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/psicologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Sarcoma de Ewing/psicologia , Sarcoma de Ewing/cirurgia , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/psicologia
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