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1.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 296, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Surgical Pleth Index (SPI) is a monitoring method that reflects painful stimuli during general anesthesia, and dexmedetomidine is an analgesic adjuvant with an opioid-sparing effect. But up to now, it is still unclear whether dexmedetomidine has any influence on SPI. To investigate whether dexmedetomidine has an effect on SPI during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 94 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic lung lobectomy. Patients were randomly assigned to a dexmedetomidine group (dexmedetomidine: 0.8 µg/kg administered for 10 min before anesthesia) or normal saline group (equal volume of normal saline). SPI and vital signs were recorded. The number rating scale (NRS) pain score was also evaluated. RESULTS: SPI values were significantly lower in the dexmedetomidine group than in the normal saline group at intubation and at discharge from the postanesthesia care unit. Compared with the normal saline group, mean arterial pressure and heart rate were both significantly lower in the dexmedetomidine group at intubation. Heart rate was lower at skin incision in the dexmedetomidine group. The NRS score in the normal saline group was noticeably higher vs. the dexmedetomidine group at discharge from the postanesthesia care unit. CONCLUSIONS: Dexmedetomidine decreased intraoperative SPI and NRS scores. Our results showed that dexmedetomidine attenuated noxious stimuli. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR): ChiCTR-OOC-16009450 , Registered 16 October, 2016.


Assuntos
Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/uso terapêutico , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Pneumopatias/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anestesia Geral , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória , Pneumonectomia , Estudos Prospectivos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22545, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nasogastric tubes can be easily inserted in patients under general anesthesia. However, for difficult cases, insertion techniques that can be used in routine clinical practice are limited. SUZY forceps are designed for the removal of pharyngolaryngeal foreign bodies under guidance of a McGrath videolaryngoscope. We hypothesized that using SUZY forceps under McGrath videolaryngoscopic guidance may facilitate nasogastric tube insertion and tested this in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Adult patients who underwent gastrointestinal or hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery were randomly allocated to 2 groups; the SUZY group and the Magill group. Patients, nurses, and all clinical staff except for the attending anesthesiologist were blinded to group assignment throughout the study. After anesthesia induction, insertion of the nasogastric tube was performed by skilled anesthesiologists with either SUZY or Magill forceps according to group allocation under McGrath videolaryngoscopic guidance. The primary endpoint was insertion time which was defined as the time required to advance the nasogastric tube by 55 cm from the nostril. Secondary endpoints were the success rates of the nasogastric tube insertion, which were defined as a 55-cm advancement from the nostril at the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd attempt, proper insertion rate, the severity of pharyngolaryngeal complications, and hemodynamic parameters during nasogastric tube insertion. RESULTS: Sixty patients were randomized and none of these patients were excluded from the final analysis. The median [interquartile range] insertion time was 25 [18-33] seconds in the SUZY group, and 33 [21-54] seconds in the Magill group (P = .02). Success rates were not different between the groups (97% and 80% in the SUZY and Magill group at 1st attempt, respectively, P = .10). Both, the severity score of the mucosal injury and the severity of sore throat were higher in the Magill than in the SUZY group, whereas the degree of hoarseness did not differ between the 2 groups. Hemodynamic parameters were not significantly different between the groups. CONCLUSION: Using SUZY forceps under McGrath videolaryngoscopic guidance reduced the time required to insert a nasogastric tube and the severity of pharyngolaryngeal complications, when compared to using Magill forceps.


Assuntos
Intubação Gastrointestinal/métodos , Laringoscopia/métodos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Gravação em Vídeo , Idoso , Anestesia Geral , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22458, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019434

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Endo-bronchial ultrasound guided trans-bronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has been widely accepted as a safe and efficient technique for diagnosing patients with mediastinal/hilar lymphadenopathy and suspected cases of lung cancer. An effective anesthetic technique should provide comfort and quick recovery of patients while allowing the clinicians to obtain adequate tissue sample. Therefore we combined mask ventilation support (SIMV), BIS monitoring, and short-acting medication to achieve the effect mentioned above. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this report, both patients had lung mass accompanied by cough that lasted for >2 weeks, and were admitted to hospital for further diagnosis and treatment to clarify the nature of the mass. To make a definite diagnosis, EBUS-TBNA examination was performed under general anesthesia. Both patients had no salient past history. DIAGNOSIS: Case 1 was diagnosed as tumor or pneumonia based on the right lung shadow. Case 2 was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the right lung with right hilar lymph node metastasis. The diagnostic results of both patients were based on pathological examination of tissues obtained by EBUS-TBNA, of which case 1 required further confirmation by lung biopsy. INTERVENTION: Both the patients received antibiotic treatment before EBUS-TBNA. We used the mask ventilation supported by SIMV mode without using muscle relaxant, thus providing a guarantee for rapid and high-quality recovery of patients. OUTCOMES: During EBUS-TBNA, the vital signs of the 2 patients were stable. Both patients recovered within 5 minutes after we stopped pumping general anesthetics. None of the patient complained of any discomfort and felt comfortable. No complications occurred during and 3 months after EBUS-TBNA examination. LESSONS: The obtained results showed that this anesthesia scheme can provide appropriate depth of anesthesia for patients undergoing EBUS-TBNA examination, while ensuring rapid and high-quality recovery of patients.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/métodos , Biópsia por Agulha Fina/métodos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Administração Intravenosa , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Máscaras Laríngeas , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21669, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether regional anesthesia (RA) offers better long-term neurodevelopment outcomes compared to general anesthesia (GA) to infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy is still under heated debate. The aim of this meta-analysis is to compare the long-term neurodevelopment impact of RA with GA on infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, clinicaltrials.gov and controlledtrials.com will be performed. Published eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs (including abstracts) through May 20, 2020 with language limit of English will be enrolled in the meta-analysis. Two reviewers will independently conduct the procedures of study selection, data extraction, methodological quality assessment, and risk of bias assessment. The primary outcome is long-term neurodevelopmental state (at 2- and 5-year follow-up) as reflected in the Bayley and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI) scales of infants development following surgeries. The secondary outcomes consist of satisfactory intraoperative infants immobility, duration of surgery, any anesthetic failure, the supplement of postoperative analgesia, postoperative apnea, and postoperative bradycardia. The pooled weighted mean differences (WMDs) or odds ratios (ORs) of each outcome measurement and relative 95% confident intervals (CIs) will be calculated. EndNote X8 (Clarivate Analytics) software will be applied to manage all citations. The Cochrane Review Manager version 5.3 software (RevMan 5.3) will be employed for statistical analysis. DISCUSSION: This study will summarize scientific and practical evidence and provide evidence-based individualized decision-making guidance on anesthesia regimen for inguinal herniorrhaphy in infants. REGISTRATION: This protocol was registered with the International Platform of Registered Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (INPLASY) on 17 June 2020 (registration number INPLASY202060064).


Assuntos
Anestesia por Condução/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
5.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(3): 183-186, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893648

RESUMO

AIM: This retrospective study aimed to evaluate potential risk factors predicting repeated dental treatment of children under general anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children below 12 years of age receiving at least one dental treatment under general anaesthesia between 03/2010 and 10/2018 were analysed (n = 935, mean age: 4.6 ± 2.4). Dental records were analysed retrospectively for anamnestic, demographic, oral health and treatment factors. Kaplan-Meier statistics was used to estimate the time to second dental treatment under general anaesthesia. Potential risk factors for repeated dental treatment underwent univariate analysis using log-rank tests and were then submitted to a multi-variate Cox-regression analysis (a = 5%). RESULTS: One hundred fifteen children (12.3%) received or were planned to receive repeated dental treatment under general anaesthesia. In children receiving repeated dental treatment, the time intervals between first and second general anaesthesia and second and third general anaesthesia amounted to 22 ± 18 and 23 ± 20 months, respectively. The use of fluoridated toothpaste (HR: 0.28, p < 0.01) and attending 2 or more recall appointments per year (HR: 0.6, p < 0.01) significantly decreased the risk for repeated dental treatment under general anaesthesia in the multivariate model. CONCLUSION: Adherence to preventive recall appointments and to oral hygiene recommendations is essential to maintain oral health and avoid repeated dental treatment under general anaesthesia.


Assuntos
Anestesia Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Anestesia Geral , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
6.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(3): 197-198, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Double lip is a rare developmental anomaly that mainly affects the upper lip. It is characterised by the presence of excess hyperplastic tissue that gives an illusion of double organ. It may occur independently or as a component of a set of defects, mainly in Ascher's syndrome, which presentes with blepharochalasis, non-toxic thyroid enlargement and double upper lip. The aim of this article is the presentation of a case report. CASE REPORT: The case of a 15-year-old patient with double lip treated surgically for cosmetic reasons is reported. Surgical excision under general anaesthesia was performed, without any complications neither during the surgery nor postoperatively, with no recurrence at the 2-year follow-up. Histopathological analysis showed normal oral mucosa with numerous hypertrophic mucosal glands, capillaries, and lymphocytic and plasmocytic infiltration. CONCLUSION: Due to the lack of unambiguous, clear recommendations and comparative studies in the literature, the choice of the incision depends on the experience and preferences of the operator. Regular follow-ups after the surgery are crucial; though recurrences are observed rarely, long-term, regular follow-ups are suggested due to the risk of developing additional symptoms characteristic for Ascher's syndrome.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Craniofaciais , Bócio , Adolescente , Anestesia Geral , Pálpebras , Humanos , Lábio
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22300, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957390

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Bardet-Biedl syndrome, which compromises airway management and the cardiovascular and renal systems, is a rare ciliopathic syndrome characterized by multisystem involvement and varying genetic etiologies and clinical manifestations. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 13-year-old female patient had a history of chronic renal failure, hypothyroidism, mental retardation, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, obesity, and retinitis pigmentosa and was undergoing 4-hour hemodialysis 3 days a week. DIAGNOSIS: We diagnosed Bardet-Biedl syndrome based on the results of genetic tests. INTERVENTIONS: We performed renal transplantation under general anesthesia while considering the perioperative risks of airway obstruction and hypothermia. OUTCOMES: Multidisciplinary preoperative evaluation is crucial to avoid perioperative complications. The risk of an obstructed airway should be considered. Hypothyroidism is a rare consequence of Bardet-Biedl syndrome. Rocuronium and sugammadex are safe for anesthetic management during renal transplantation to address Bardet-Biedl syndrome. CONCLUSION: Safe anesthetic management can be achieved with the rigorous preoperative assessment of perioperative complications.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/métodos , Síndrome de Bardet-Biedl/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Anormalidades Múltiplas/etiologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios
8.
BMC Res Notes ; 13(1): 421, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894167

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The advent of new technologies has made it possible to explore alternative ventilator manufacturing to meet the worldwide shortfall for mechanical ventilators especially in pandemics. We describe a method using rapid prototyping technologies to create an electro-mechanical ventilator in a cost effective, timely manner and provide results of testing using an in vitro-in vivo testing model. RESULTS: Rapid prototyping technologies (3D printing and 2D cutting) were used to create a modular ventilator. The artificial manual breathing unit (AMBU) bag connected to wall oxygen source using a flow meter was used as air reservoir. Controlled variables include respiratory rate, tidal volume and inspiratory: expiratory (I:E) ratio. In vitro testing and In vivo testing in the pig model demonstrated comparable mechanical efficiency of the test ventilator to that of standard ventilator but showed the material limits of 3D printed gears. Improved gear design resulted in better ventilator durability whilst reducing manufacturing time (< 2-h). The entire cost of manufacture of ventilator was estimated at 300 Australian dollars. A cost-effective novel rapid prototyped ventilator for use in patients with respiratory failure was developed in < 2-h and was effective in anesthetized, healthy pig model.


Assuntos
Desenho de Equipamento/métodos , Respiração Artificial/instrumentação , Ventiladores Mecânicos/provisão & distribução , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Animais , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Volume de Reserva Expiratória/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Volume de Reserva Inspiratória/fisiologia , Modelos Biológicos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Impressão Tridimensional/instrumentação , Respiração Artificial/economia , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Taxa Respiratória/fisiologia , Suínos , Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar/fisiologia , Ventiladores Mecânicos/economia
9.
Lancet ; 396(10252): 664-665, 2020 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891202
10.
Lancet ; 396(10252): 664, 2020 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891203
11.
Lancet ; 396(10252): 665-666, 2020 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891204
12.
Lancet ; 396(10252): 665, 2020 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891205
13.
Lancet ; 396(10252): 666, 2020 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891206
14.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(10): 1297-1302, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993338

RESUMO

AIMS: Although periarticular injection plays an important role in multimodal pain management following total hip arthroplasty (THA), there is no consensus on the optimal composition of the injection. In particular, it is not clear whether the addition of a corticosteroid improves the pain relief achieved nor whether it is associated with more complications than are observed without corticosteroid. The aim of this study was to quantify the safety and effectiveness of cortocosteroid use in periarticular injection during THA. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, two-arm, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial involving patients scheduled for unilateral THA. A total of 187 patients were randomly assigned to receive periarticular injection containing either a corticosteroid (CS group) or without corticosteroid (no-CS group). Other perioperative interventions were identical for all patients. The primary outcome was postoperative pain at rest during the initial 24 hours after surgery. Pain score was recorded every three hours until 24 hours using a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS). The primary outcome was assessed based on the area under the curve (AUC). RESULTS: The CS group had a significantly lower AUC postoperatively at 0 to 24 hours compared to the no-CS group (AUC of VAS score at rest 550 ± 362 vs 392 ± 320, respectively; mean difference 158 mm; 95% confidence interval (CI) 58 to 257; p = 0.0021). In point-by-point evaluation, the CS group had significantly lower VAS scores at 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, and 48 hours. There were no significant differences in complication rates, including surgical site infection, between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The addition of corticosteroid to periarticular injections reduces postoperative pain without increasing complication rate following THA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(10):1297-1302.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia de Quadril , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Anestesia Geral , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21684, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871884

RESUMO

Ultrasound-guided interscalene block (US-ISB) and nerve stimulator-guided interscalene block (NS-ISB) have both been commonly used for anesthesia in shoulder arthroscopic surgery.This study aims to compare which method provides surgical block as a sole anesthesia. In this retrospective study, 1158 patients who underwent shoulder arthroscopic rotator cuff tear repair surgery under ISB between October 2002 and March 2018 were classified into either the US-ISB or NS-ISB anesthesia groups. Demographic and anesthetic characteristics and intraoperative medications were analyzed after propensity score matching and compared between the 2 groups.There was a 0.5% rate of conversion to general anesthesia in the US-ISB group and a 6.7% rate in the NS-ISB group (P < .001). The volume of local anesthetics used for ISB was 29.7 ±â€Š8.9 mL in the US-ISB group versus 38.1 ±â€Š4.8 mL in the NS-ISB group (P < .001). The intraoperative use of analgesics and sedatives such as fentanyl, midazolam and propofol in combination was significantly lowered in the US-ISB group (P < .001).US-ISB is a more effective and safer approach for providing intense block to NS-ISB because it can decrease the incidence of conversion to general anesthesia and reduce the use of analgesics and sedatives during arthroscopic shoulder surgery.


Assuntos
Artroscopia , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Anestesia Geral , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/uso terapêutico , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22101, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899092

RESUMO

Airway compliance is an important index in the surgery of pediatric patients. This study aimed to explore factors affecting dynamic airway compliance (Cdyn) and airway resistance (Raw) after general anesthesia endotracheal intubation for adenotonsillectomy of pediatric patients.A prospective study was undertaken of 107 children who underwent adenotonsillectomy in Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine between January and June 2018. The values of Cdyn and Raw were recorded at 5, 10, and 15 minute during general anesthesia endotracheal intubation. Univariate analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were performed for factors that affected Cdyn and Raw.Of the 107 patients aged 56.67 ±â€Š18.28 months, 69 (64%) patients were male, and 26 (24%) and 12 (11%) had an upper respiratory infection in the past week and 1 to 2 weeks, respectively. During anesthesia, Cdyn showed a decreasing trend (P < .001) while Raw showed an increasing trend (P < .001). Multivariate analysis revealed that height (ß=0.177-0.193) had the strongest correlation with Cdyn; rales during pulmonary auscultation (ß= -2.727 to -1.363) and sputum suction (ß= -1.670 to -0.949) were also associated with Cdyn (all P < .05). Height was the factor with the strongest negative correlation with Raw (ß= -0.382 to -0.305). Rales during pulmonary auscultation (ß=10.063-11.326) and sputum suction (ß=3.863-9.003) were also associated with Raw (All P < .05).Height, rales during preoperative auscultation and sputum suction were all associated with intraoperative Cydn and Raw for pediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy and should be considered before the surgery.


Assuntos
Adenoidectomia/métodos , Resistência das Vias Respiratórias/fisiologia , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Complacência Pulmonar/fisiologia , Tonsilectomia/métodos , Auscultação , Estatura , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia
17.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 639-646, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878399

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the caries experience and the kinds of dental treatment between children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and children without systemic disease who were all treated under general anesthesia. Methods: Totally 103 children with ASD who received dental treatments under general anesthesia in 13 professional dental hospitals around China from April to November 2016 were included in the present study. A group of 97 children without systemic disease, according to the age, gender and application propensity score matching method, were chosen as controls, who received dental treatments under general anesthesia between January 2015 to November 2018 in the same hospitals as the children with ASD. Decay missing filling tooth (DMFT/dmft, DMFT for permanent teeth and dmft for primary teeth) indices of two groups of children and the contents of the dental treatments under general anesthesia were analyzed. Results: No significant difference of DMFT/dmft index ï¼»M (Q 25, Q 75)ï¼½ was found between children with ASD group ï¼»0 (0, 3)/11(8, 14)ï¼½ and control group ï¼»0 (0, 3)/9(7, 13)ï¼½ (P>0.05). The average number of dental treatments under general anesthesia and the average number of endodontic treatment in children with ASD were 13 (11, 15) and 3 (2, 6) teeth respectively, while those in the control group were 12 (9, 14) and 2 (1, 4) teeth respectively, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.01, P<0.05). Conclusions: No significant difference was found between children with ASD and the normal controls who receive dental treatments under general anesthesia in DMFT/dmft index, but the treatment needs of children with ASD is relatively higher, and their tooth decay is relatively severer.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Cárie Dentária , Anestesia Geral , Criança , China , Índice CPO , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
18.
Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol ; 27(2): 117-122, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32874045

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of myectomy in inferior oblique overaction cases with a vertical deviation angle of <20 and ≥20 prism diopters (PD) in the primary position. METHODS: The medical records of cases with inferior oblique overaction that underwent inferior oblique myectomy for ≥6 PD hypertropia in the primary position and >+1 inferior oblique overaction were reviewed. Preoperative and postoperative examination findings and success rates were compared of cases with a deviation angle <20 PD (Group 1) and ≥20 PD (Group 2). RESULTS: The mean age of 35 (58%) female and 25 (42%) men cases of Group 1 (n = 60) were 12.8 ± 9.4 years; the mean age of 25 (58%) female and 18 (42%) male cases of Group 2 (n = 43) were 14.8 years (P = 0.340). The near hypertropia was decreased from 11 to 0.5 PD in Group 1, from 22.1 to 5.1 PD in Group 2 cases (P < 0.001). The distance hypertropia was decreased from 11.3 to 0.5 PD in Group 1 and from 23.3 to 6.1 PD in Group 2 cases (P < 0.001). The mean degree of hypertropia at near and distance was statistically significantly higher both pre- and post-operatively in Group 2 than in Group 1 (P < 0.001), and improved statistically significantly with the initial surgery in both groups (P < 0.001). The rate of the presence of stereopsis of ≥3000 s/arc and fusion, the main criteria of binocular vision (BOV), was not statistically significantly different between the Groups before (P = 0.577) and after the surgery (P = 0.678), but the presence of BOV significantly increased both in Group 1 (P < 0.001) and Group 2 (P = 0.004) postoperatively. The number of cases with surgical success was 57 (95%) and 25 (58%), respectively, in Groups 1 and 2 (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Myectomy is an effective surgical procedure that can be easily and quickly performed in inferior oblique overaction cases and has high success rates in cases with a small-to-moderate angle of deviation.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Motilidade Ocular/cirurgia , Músculos Oculomotores/cirurgia , Estrabismo/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anestesia Geral , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Percepção de Profundidade/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Visão Binocular/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Medwave ; 20(6): e7950, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759892

RESUMO

The purpose of this article is to review the characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, the clinical-epidemiological aspects of COVID-19, and the implications anesthesiologists when performing aerosol-generating procedures. A search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, SciELO, and Web of Science databases was performed until April 9, 2020, using the words: "COVID-19 or COVID19 or SARS-CoV-2 and anesthesiology or anesthesia". Forty-eight articles with information on the management of the patient in the perioperative period or the intensive care unit when suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection were included. In general, the postponement of elective surgeries for no more than 6 to 8 weeks, depending on the clinical condition of the patients is recommended. In the case of urgent or emergency surgeries, we review the use of personal protection gear, as well as the recommended strategies for carrying out the procedure.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/normas , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Aerossóis , Anestesia por Condução/métodos , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Raquianestesia/métodos , Anestesiologia/organização & administração , Betacoronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Intubação Intratraqueal/normas , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Respiração Artificial/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos
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