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1.
Am Surg ; 85(10): 1099-1103, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657302

RESUMO

Foley catheters (FCs) are often used during inguinal hernia operations; however, the impact of intraoperative FC use on postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is not well understood. We reviewed unplanned returns to the urgent care or ED for 27,012 inguinal hernia operations across 15 Southern California Kaiser Permanente medical centers over 6.5 years. In total, 239 (0.88%) patients returned to urgent care/ED with POUR [235 (98%) men versus 4 (2%) women]. Overall, POUR increased with age (P < 0.00001). POUR was higher in open repairs using general anesthesia versus local with monitored anesthesia care (0.7% vs 0.3%, P < 0.0001). Of 5,017 laparoscopic operations, 28 per cent had FC use. Although POUR was greater for laparoscopic versus open operations (2.21 vs 0.58%, P < 0.00001), there was no difference in POUR for intraoperative FC versus no FC use in the laparoscopic approach (2.36% vs 2.15%, P = 0.33). For all laparoscopic operations, there was no difference in urinary tract infection within 7 or 30 days when comparing intraoperative FC versus no FC use (P = 0.28). POUR can be minimized by avoiding general anesthesia for open inguinal hernia repairs, but intraoperative FC use does not affect POUR or urinary tract infection rates for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Cateteres Urinários/efeitos adversos , Retenção Urinária/etiologia , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , California/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Herniorrafia/métodos , Herniorrafia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cateteres Urinários/estatística & dados numéricos , Retenção Urinária/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/etiologia
2.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(12)2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Norueguês, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In July 2013, the Department of Paediatric and Adolescent Medicine at Østfold Hospital Trust introduced nitrous oxide as an option for procedural sedation of children and adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHOD: During the period 13 July 2013-25 August 2017, 311 procedures were performed with nitrous oxide in 238 patients aged 4-17 years. Age, sex, type and duration of procedure, any supplementary medications, complications and whether the procedure would previously have required general anaesthesia, were recorded in a form. The child rated the effectiveness of nitrous oxide using a graded age-appropriate 10-point pain scale, and the nurse rated it as good, moderate or none. RESULTS: The children reported a median pain score of 2/10 (interquartile range 0-4), and nurses rated effectiveness as good in 247 of 304 (81 %) cases. For 43 % of procedures, the nurse felt that general anaesthesia would have been necessary had the department not had access to nitrous oxide. Adverse effects, most often dizziness, were reported in 110 of 311 procedures (35 %). In 7 of 311 procedures (2 %), the patient experienced adverse effects that resulted in stoppage of the procedure. The procedure was completed in 286 (92 %) children. INTERPRETATION: Nitrous oxide is a useful option for children who require procedural sedation, and means that more procedures can be performed without general anaesthesia.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Inalatórios , Óxido Nitroso , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas , Adolescente , Analgésicos/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Local , Anestésicos Inalatórios/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Inalatórios/efeitos adversos , Anestésicos Inalatórios/farmacologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Contraindicações de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Óxido Nitroso/administração & dosagem , Óxido Nitroso/efeitos adversos , Óxido Nitroso/farmacologia , Noruega , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Medição da Dor , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas/normas , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311179

RESUMO

Dental care under general anaesthesia (GA) is an option when normal treatment cannot be accomplished due to un-cooperation and systemic or cognitive/intellectual disabilities. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to analyse the dental treatment under GA in medically compromised and healthy children. The data were collected from the medical records of children who received their dental treatment under GA. The data regarding patient age, sex, general health, and type of treatment were analysed. This clinical trial included 229 study subjects (138 males, 91 females) with an average age of 8.34 (SD 3.78). Counts and relative counts were used for description of qualitative data. The association between the variables was analysed using contingency tables. The significance of the findings was tested by the chi-square test. Most of the children were older pre-school 63 (27.51%) and young school children 102 (44.54%). Medical disability (systemic or intellectual) was diagnosed in 142 children (62.01%); the remaining 87 (37.99%) were healthy children. Dental treatment of primary teeth was more commonly performed in healthy children (65.52%) compared to medically compromised children (58.45%) (p = 0.287). The total number of medically compromised children and the total number of healthy children were both considered to be 100% for the purpose of the following calculations. In terms of permanent dentition, medically compromised children required more extractions and fillings (38.03%, 57.04%) compared to healthy children (14.94%, 17.24%, respectively). The results of this study revealed that dental treatment under GA was more commonly performed in medically compromised children in permanent teeth only in comparison to healthy children. Based on these findings, both health professionals and state authorities should focus more on preventive care in medically compromised children in order to improve their oral health.


Assuntos
Anestesia Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/métodos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Saúde da Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , República Tcheca , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Acta Orthop ; 90(6): 554-558, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339401

RESUMO

Background and purpose - Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a devastating complication following total knee or total hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA). Nowadays, many studies focus on preventive strategies regarding PJI; however, the potential role of anesthesia in the development of PJI remains unclear.Patients and methods - All consecutive patients undergoing elective primary unilateral TKA or THA from January 2014 through December 2017 were included. Exclusion criteria included femoral fractures as the indication for surgery and previously performed osteosynthesis or hardware removal on the affected joint. Age, sex, BMI, ASA classification, type of arthroplasty surgery, type of anesthesia, duration of surgery, smoking status, and intraoperative hypothermia were recorded. Propensity score-matched univariable logistic regression analysis was used to control for allocation bias.Results - 3,909 procedures consisting of 54% THAs and 46% TKAs were available for analysis. 42% arthroplasties were performed under general anesthesia and 58% under spinal anesthesia. Early PJIs were observed in 1.7% of the general anesthesia group and in 0.8% in the spinal anesthesia group. The multivariable logistic regression model demonstrated an odds ratio for PJI of 2.0 (95% CI 1.0-3.7) after general anesthesia relative to the propensity score-matched patients who received spinal anesthesia.Interpretation - These results suggest a potential association between general anesthesia and early PJI. Future research using large-scale data is required to further elucidate this clinically relevant association.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral , Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese , Idoso , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Raquianestesia/métodos , Raquianestesia/estatística & dados numéricos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite do Quadril/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
5.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 24(2): 147-152, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035878

RESUMO

Background: The upper limb surgery under the ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block is becoming popular due to its safety, effectiveness, and convenience. However, the uneven distribution of anesthesiologists become a social problem. Ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block by surgeons has been widespread especially in hand surgeons. We report the surgical treatment of distal radius fractures under the ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block performed by surgeons in our hospital. Methods: The subjects were 101 patients (41 males and 60 females, average age 61.6 years) who underwent surgery for distal radius fractures under ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block administered by orthopedists at our university or related facilities between January 2014 and June 2016. Brachial plexus block was administered through the supraclavicular approach. The time from initiation of anesthesia to initiation of surgery, mean operative time, the presence or absence of additional anesthesia (local infiltration anesthesia, intravenous anesthesia, and general anesthesia), and complications were evaluated. Results: The mean time from brachial plexus block to initiation of surgery was 35.7 (20-68) minutes, and the mean operative time was 90.5 (35-217) minutes. Surgery was completed with brachial plexus block alone in 62 patients (61.4%), and additional anesthesia was necessary in 39 patients (38.6%). Furthermore, general anesthesia was employed in 6 patients (5.9%). No serious complications occurred. Conclusions: According to our results, the operation could be completed with brachial plexus block alone and additional local infiltration anesthesia or intravenous anesthesia in 94.1% (95 cases). However, 6 cases (5.9%) shifted to general anesthesia. Although it needs training, we consider that hand surgery including distal radius fractures treatment under the ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block is possible. On the other hand, cooperation or a cooperative system with anesthesiologists is necessary for surgeons to administer this anesthesia.


Assuntos
Bloqueio do Plexo Braquial , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Intravenosa/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Local/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30976125

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this international survey was to describe the impact of current practices and techniques of caesarean section on the neonatal Apgar score in the Czech Republic (CZE) and Slovakia (SVK). METHODS: All Czech and Slovak departments that provide obstetric anaesthesia were invited to participate in a one-month (November 2015) prospective study that monitored in details all peripartum anaesthetic practices, delivered by anaesthesiologists. Participating centers recorded all data on-line in the CLADE-IS database (Masaryk University, CZE). RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS: We collected data of 10119 women who delivered 10226 newborns. A caesarean section was recorded in 25.1% of deliveries (CZE 23.2%; SVK 30%). General anaesthesia was used for caesarean section in 37.5% of the cases (CZE 40%, SVK 33%). There was no statistically significant difference in the Apgar score lower than 7 in the 1, 5 or 10 min in groups of general and regional anaesthesia for caesarean section, when only elective sections of in-term babies with birth weight over 2500 g were analyzed. We found no statistically significant differences in the Apgar score in newborns of women intubated for caesarean section in rocuronium (n=21; 2.2%) and suxamethonium (n=889; 93%). CONCLUSION: We found no difference in neonatal outcomes in groups of general and regional anaesthesia for caesarean section when only out-of-risk newborns were analyzed. The risk factors were identified as follows: an acute caesarean section, preterm babies, birth weight less than 2 500 g, born in perinatological center and multiple pregnancy - second baby. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (ID: NCT02380586) https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02380586.


Assuntos
Anestesia por Condução/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Apgar , Cesárea/métodos , Adulto , Anestesia Obstétrica , República Tcheca , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Fármacos Neuromusculares Despolarizantes/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Neuromusculares não Despolarizantes/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rocurônio/uso terapêutico , Eslováquia , Succinilcolina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(16): e14925, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31008923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal anesthetic technique remains debated in patients undergoing total-hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of this meta-analysis was to test the efficacy of general and spinal anesthesia for patients undergoing THA. METHODS: In January 2018, we searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the Google database. Data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the use of general and spinal anesthesia for patients undergoing THA were retrieved. The primary outcome was to compare the total blood loss. The secondary outcomes were the occurrence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), the occurrence of nausea, and the length of hospital stay. Software Stata 12.0 was used for meta-analysis. RESULTS: Five RCTs with 487 THAs were finally included for meta-analysis. There was no significant difference between the general anesthesia and spinal anesthesia in terms of the total blood loss (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -20.72, 95% confidence interval [CI] -84.50 to 43.05, P = .524; I = 87.8%) and the occurrence of DVT (risk ratio (RR) = 0.85, 95% CI 0.24-3.01, P = .805; I = 70.5%). Compared with general anesthesia, spinal anesthesia was a significant reduction in the occurrence of nausea (RR = 3.04, 95% CI 1.69-5.50, P = .000; I = 0.0%) and the length of hospital stay (WMD = 1.00, 95% CI 0.59-1.41, P = .000; I = 94.7%). CONCLUSION: Spinal anesthesia was superior than general anesthesia in terms of the occurrence of nausea and shorten the length of hospital stay. The quality and number of included studies was limited; thus, a greater number of high-quality RCTs is still needed to further identify the effects of spinal anesthesia on reducing the blood loss after THA.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Raquianestesia/estatística & dados numéricos , Artroplastia de Quadril , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
8.
Rev. esp. anestesiol. reanim ; 66(4): 199-205, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187460

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La anestesia regional (AR) ha ganado popularidad debido a sus beneficios y su seguridad. Sin embargo, muchos pacientes rechazan la AR en favor de la anestesia general (AG). Este estudio investiga las variables (factores demográficos, percepción de seguridad, miedos y conocimientos sobre la AR) relacionadas con las preferencias anestésicas de los pacientes. Material y métodos: Los participantes eran mayores de 18 años, propuestos para una consulta anestésica. Rellenaron un cuestionario previamente a su cita. Resultados: Ciento dos pacientes accedieron a participar. La media de edad era de 52,6+/-13,5 años. El 57,8% eran mujeres y el 44,5% contaba al menos con 12 años de estudios. Dados a elegir, el 54% prefería AG y el 20,7% rechazaba AR en caso de que se lo propusiera el anestesiólogo. Entre los pacientes que ya habían experimentado anestesia neuroaxial, el 40% no quería repetirlo. Los pacientes que preferían AG en lugar de AR la percibían como más segura y expresaban mayor ansiedad por permanecer despiertos durante la cirugía. Estos fueron también los que tenían mayor temor al pinchazo, al dolor de espalda y a sentir dolor durante la cirugía. Los resultados indican que los pacientes no conocían los verdaderos riesgos y beneficios de la AR. Conclusiones: El conocimiento de los temores de los pacientes es esencial y ayudará a los anestesiólogos a satisfacer las necesidades de sus pacientes. Los anestesiólogos deben esforzarse en mejorar las perspectivas de la población y su conocimiento sobre la RA


Introduction and objectives: Regional anaesthesia (RA) has gained popularity due to its numerous benefits and increasing safety. Yet, often patients refuse this procedure and prefer general anaesthesia (GA). This study aimed to investigate variables (demographic factors, safety perception of GA and RA, patients' fears, anxiety, and knowledge) related to patients' anaesthetic preference. Material and methods: Participants were patients aged 18 years or more proposed to an anaesthesia appointment for preoperative assessment. Patients completed a written questionnaire before meeting the anaesthesiologist. The questionnaire asked about their preferences, fears and perceptions about RA. Results: One hundred and 2patients agreed to participate. Mean age was 52.6+/-13.5 years, 57.8% were female and 44.5% had at least 12 years of education. Given the choice, 54.0% would prefer GA and 20.7% said they would refuse RA if proposed by the anaesthesiologist. Among patients who already experienced neuroaxial anaesthesia, 40.0% said they did not wish to repeat it. Patients who preferred GA over RA perceived GA to be safer than RA and expressed more anxiety towards being awake during surgery and more fear of feeling pain during surgery, of having back pain, and of needle puncture. Results also suggested that patients are unaware of RA's real risks and benefits. Conclusions: Knowing patients' fears is essential for the anaesthesiologist address their patients' needs. Anaesthesiologists should work on improving general population perspective and knowledge about RA


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Idoso , Anestesia por Condução/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Preferência do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação do Paciente , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Medo/psicologia , Ansiedade de Desempenho/psicologia
9.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(2): 397-409, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1004276

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: la agitación durante la emergencia de la anestesia general es una complicación frecuente en pediatría que puede causar daños físicos, retrasar el alta y aumentar los costos. Objetivo: caracterizar los episodios anestesia general en el paciente pediátrico. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, longitudinal de 246 pacientes que presentaron anestesia general en el Hospital "Eliseo Noel Caamaño" entre septiembre de 2015 y diciembre de 2018. Se estudiaron las variables: edad, género, ASA, tiempo quirúrgico y tiempo anestésico, tipo de cirugía, método de anestesia, agentes usados para la inducción y el mantenimiento, severidad de los episodios y necesidad de tratamiento. Resultados: la mayoría de los pacientes que presentaron anestesia general tenían entre 2 y 6 años (63,4%), eran masculinos (67,9%), ASA I (78,1%) y fueron operados de excéresis de lesiones de partes blandas (27,6%). El tiempo quirúrgico fue de 31,2 ± 10,4 minutos y el anestésico 43,5±8,8 minutos. El método anestésico más indicado fue la anestesia balanceada (84,2%), como inductor el propofol (86,2%) y para el mantenimiento isoflurano (34,1%) y sevoflurano (26,4%). Predominaron los episodios severos (51,2%) y el 56,9% necesitó intervención farmacológica. Conclusiones: esta anestesia fue más frecuente en los menores de seis años, masculinos, sanos, a los cuales se les realizaron procederes cortos, con anestesia balanceada, se usó propofol para la inducción e isoflurano y sevoflurano para el mantenimiento de la anestesia. Prevalecieron los episodios severos y la mayoría requirió tratamiento farmacológico.


ABSTRACT Introduction: agitation during the emergence from general anesthesia is a frequent complication in Pediatrics that can cause physical damages, delay discharge and increase costs. Objective: to characterize the episodes of general anesthesia in the pediatric patient. Materials and methods: a descriptive, prospective, longitudinal study was carried out with 246 patients who presented general anesthesia in the Hospital "Eliseo Noel Caamaño" from September 2015 to December 2018. The studied variables were age, gender, ASA, surgical time, anesthetic time, kind of surgery, anesthetic method, agents used for the induction and maintenance, episodes severity and treatment necessity. Results: most of patients treated with general anesthesia were aged 2-6 years (63.4 %), male (67.9 %), ASA I (78.1 %), and underwent the removal of soft parts lesions (27.6 %). The average surgical time was 31,2 ± 10,4 minutes and the anesthetics one was 43,5±8,8 minutes. The most used anesthetics method was balanced anesthesia (84.2 %), the most used inductor was propofol (86.2 %) and for the maintenance isoflurane (34,1%) and sevoflurane (26,4%). Severe episodes (51,2%) predominated, and 56.9 % needed pharmacologic intervention. Conclusions: this kind of anesthesia is more frequently used in children aged less than 6 years, male, healthy, who underwent short procedures with balanced anesthesia and the use of propofol for the induction and isoflurane and sevoflurane for maintaining it. Severe episodes predominated, and most of them required pharmacologic treatment.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Delírio do Despertar/complicações , Delírio do Despertar/diagnóstico , Delírio do Despertar/tratamento farmacológico , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Pediatria , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais
10.
Acta Med Port ; 32(2): 126-132, 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30896393

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a less invasive option for aortic valve replacement. The number of transcatheter aortic valve implantations under local anesthesia with sedation has been increasing as the team's experience increases and less invasive accesses are used. The aim of this study is to describe the evolution of the anesthetic technique in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation at our center over the years, as which was compared. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study in 149 consecutive patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation in Hospital Santa Marta (January 2010 to December 2016). Data was collected from the periprocedural records of patients. Patients were stratified according to anesthetic technique. RESULTS: From our patients' sample, 57.0% were female, with median age 82 [58 - 95] years. Most patients underwent general anesthesia (68.5%). In the local anesthesia with sedation group there was a shorter duration of the procedure (120; [60 - 285] vs 155 [30 - 360]) and a lower number of patients requiring administration of vasopressors (61.8% vs 28.3%) - p < 0.05. There were no differences regarding length of hospital stay (9 [4 - 59] vs 10 [3 - 87]), periprocedural complications (66.0% vs 72.5%), readmission rate (4.3% vs 3.9%) or 30-days (2.1% vs 4.9%) and 1-year mortality (6.4% vs 7.8%) - p < 0.05. There was an increasing number of transcatheter aortic valve implantations performed under local anesthesia with sedation over the years. DISCUSSION: The choice of anesthetic technique depends on the patient's characteristics, experience and preference of the team. CONCLUSION: Local anesthesia with sedation seems to be associated with similar results as general anesthesia. The increase in the number of transcatheter aortic valve implantations under local anesthesia with sedation seems to follow the trend of lower invasiveness of the procedure.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Local/estatística & dados numéricos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia Geral/tendências , Anestesia Local/tendências , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Readmissão do Paciente , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/tendências
11.
Paediatr Anaesth ; 29(4): 353-360, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30762264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The factors contributing to postoperative nausea and vomiting in children have been identified, but there have been no reported studies that have studied pediatric postdischarge nausea and vomiting. AIMS: This preliminary study aimed to identify  the factors affecting postdischarge nausea and vomiting in ambulatory children, specifically whether postoperative nausea and vomiting factors are contributory. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-two pediatric patients aged 5-10 years undergoing elective ambulatory surgery participated in this institution-approved study. After obtaining written parental consent and patient assent when indicated, child self-ratings of nausea and pain were completed preoperatively and at discharge, and for 3 days postdischarge. Questionnaires were returned by mail, with a 64% return rate. Using stepwise logistic regression with backward elimination, three separate analyses were undertaken to predict the following outcomes: nausea present in recovery, nausea present on postoperative day 1, and emesis on day of surgery. RESULTS: Nearly half (47%) of our cohort experienced nausea at the time of discharge; 11% had emesis on day of surgery. On postoperative day 1, there was a 15% incidence of nausea with a 3% incidence of emesis. In the multiple logistic regression analyses, nausea at discharge was predicted by male gender (odds ratio 2.5, 95% CI: 1.0-6.2) and the presence of pain on discharge (odds ratio 3.0, 95% CI: 1.0-9.2). Emesis on day of surgery was predicted by the presence of nausea at discharge (odds ratio 16.9, 95% CI: 1.8-159.3) and having a family history of nausea/vomiting (odds ratio 8.3, 95% CI: 1.6-43.4). The presence of nausea on postoperative day 1 was predicted only by the presence of nausea on discharge (odds ratio 3.7, 95% CI: 1.2-11.1). CONCLUSION: Our preliminary data indicate that postoperative nausea and vomiting may persist into the postdischarge period and pain may be a contributing factor.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/efeitos adversos , Período de Recuperação da Anestesia , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Antieméticos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Ondansetron/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Autorrelato
12.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol ; 128(5): 401-405, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Multidisciplinary vascular anomaly clinics (VACs) offer important value to pediatric patients with complex vascular anomalies whose care overlaps specialties. These clinics are labor intensive and costly to operate since providers see fewer patients compared to their individual specialty clinic. Our North American tertiary care institution's VAC specialists include a pediatric otolaryngologist, pediatric surgeon, pediatric plastic surgeon, pediatric dermatologist, and interventional radiologist. To assess financial feasibility, we conducted a cost analysis of our VACs comprised of 2 half-day multidisciplinary physician attended clinics (5 specialists at our main campus and 2 specialists at a satellite clinic) and a half-day nurse practitioner clinic. METHOD: Assessment of net revenue based on net collections for clinic, professional, operative, hospital setting, and facility charges generated during 12 consecutive monthly VACs beginning July 1, 2015. Expense calculations included provider and staff salaries, benefits, supply costs, and clinic leasing costs. RESULTS: There were 469 clinic visits, of which 202 were new patient evaluations. Sixty-eight patients underwent 93 procedures under general anesthesia, including procedures performed by our interventional radiologist, most commonly sclerotherapy or embolization (n = 37), surgical interventions including endoscopy (n = 36), or laser procedures (n = 20). Three patients were admitted. Fifty-seven patients received a new diagnosis different from that for which they were referred. Gross revenue was $1 810 525, and net revenue was 42.5%, or $783 152. Expenses totaled $453 415 for a net positive revenue of $329 737. CONCLUSION: When including direct downstream revenue, particularly from operative procedures, our VAC program operates on a net positive margin, making the program financially feasible.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/economia , Malformações Vasculares/terapia , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Custos e Análise de Custo , Embolização Terapêutica/economia , Embolização Terapêutica/estatística & dados numéricos , Endoscopia/economia , Endoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Pessoal de Saúde/economia , Humanos , Terapia a Laser/economia , Terapia a Laser/estatística & dados numéricos , América do Norte , Admissão do Paciente/economia , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pediatria , Mecanismo de Reembolso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Salários e Benefícios/economia , Escleroterapia/economia , Escleroterapia/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Pediatr Dent ; 41(1): 40-46, 2019 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30803476

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of and factors that contribute to sibling-recurrent dental general anesthesia (DGA) at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Va., USA. Methods: Subjects were recruited from July 25, 2017 to March 15, 2018. The guardian of patients with siblings who attended a university pediatric dental clinic were provided a questionnaire to assess the prevalence and factors associated with recurrent DGA. A provider survey was completed to ensure inclusion/exclusion criteria were met. Results: A total of 40 families with a child presenting for general anesthesia (GA) and who had at least one sibling were included in the study. Of these, 45 percent had sibling-recurrent GA treatment; 20 percent of patients had one sibling; and 25 percent had two or more sibling-recurrent DGA (P<.05). Additionally, 13 percent of the children currently presenting for GA had already been treated under GA, and 15 percent of the siblings previously treated with GA had recurrent caries after GA. Conclusions: Sibling-recurrent general anesthesia is high at Virginia Commonwealth University's Pediatric Dentistry Clinic. This increased prevalence could be due to parental acceptance and positive experiences with DGA. Dental providers should be proactive with prevention of recurrent DGA.


Assuntos
Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/estatística & dados numéricos , Irmãos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pais , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Virginia/epidemiologia
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(1): 127-136, jan.-fev. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-989357

RESUMO

The study aimed to determine the continuous rate infusion of tramadol associated with peri- and postoperative analgesia for orthopedic surgeries in dogs, as well as cardiorespiratory and adverse effects. Thirty dogs aged 4.2±1.2 years and weighing 15.1±0.9kg were enrolled in the study, premedicated intramuscularly with acepromazine (0.04mg kg-1) and tramadol (2mg kg-1); anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. Three infusion rates were compared, comprising three experimental groups: G2: 2.0mg kg-1 h-1; G2.5: 2.5mg kg-1 h-1; and G3: 3.0mg kg-1 h-1. Surgery was initiated 15 minutes following the start of tramadol infusion. During anesthesia, animals were monitored in predefined time points: immediately after tracheal intubation and start of inhalation anesthesia (T0); surgical incision (TSI); final suture (TFS) and end of tramadol infusion (TEI), which was maintained for at least 120 minutes and prolonged according to the duration of surgery. Postoperative analgesia was evaluated through an interval pain scoring scale and the Melbourne pain scale. The mean time of tramadol infusion was greater than 120 minutes in all groups and no differences were found among them (141±27 minutes in G2, 137±27 minutes in G2.5 and 137±30 minutes in G3). Perioperative analgesia was regarded as short and did not correlate with infusion rates. Tramadol infusion provided adequate analgesia with cardiorespiratory stability Analgesia was not dose-dependent, however, and residual postoperative effects were short-lasting, which warrants proper postoperative analgesia following tramadol infusion. Additional studies are required using higher infusion rates and standardized nociceptive stimulation in order to determine how doses influence tramadol analgesia and whe therthereis a limit to its effect in dogs.(AU)


Objetivou-se determinar a infusão de taxa contínua de tramadol associada à analgesia peri e pós-operatória para cirurgias ortopédicas em cães, além de efeitos cardiorrespiratórios e adversos. Foram utilizados 30 cães, com idade média de 4,2±1,2 anos e pesos médios de 15,1±0,9kg, pré-medicados por via intramuscular com acepromazina (0,04mg/kg) e tramadol (2mg/kg). A anestesia foi induzida com propofol e mantida com isoflurano em oxigênio. Foram comparadas três taxas de infusão, compreendendo três grupos experimentais: G2: 2,0mg/kg; G2,5: 2,5mg/kg1; e G3: 3,0mg/kg. A cirurgia começou 15 minutos após o início da infusão de tramadol. Durante a anestesia, os animais foram monitorados nos seguintes momentos: imediatamente após a intubação traqueal e o início da anestesia inalatória (T0); incisão cirúrgica (TSI); final de sutura (TFS) e final da infusão de tramadol (TEI), que foi mantida por, pelo menos, 120 minutos e prolongada de acordo com a duração da cirurgia. A analgesia pós-operatória foi avaliada por escalas de pontuação de dor, conforme a escala intervalar de avaliação de dor e a escala de contagem variável de avaliação de dor da Universidade de Melbourne, a cada uma hora. O tempo médio de infusão de tramadol foi maior que 120 minutos em todos os grupos, e não foram encontradas diferenças entre elas (141±27 minutos em G2, 137±27 minutos em G2,5 e 137±30 minutos em G3). A analgesia perioperatória foi adequada na maioria dos indivíduos e a pós-operatória foi considerada curta, não correlacionada àquelas com diferentes taxas de infusão. A infusão de tramadol nas taxas estudadas produziu analgesia adequada com estabilidade cardiorrespiratória. A analgesia não foi dose dependente, no entanto os efeitos residuais pós-operatórios foram considerados curtos, o que determina a necessidade de analgesia adequada após infusão contínua de tramadol. Estudos adicionais que utilizam taxas mais elevadas de infusão de tramadol e estimulação nociceptiva padrão são necessários para determinar em que medida as doses influenciam a analgesia de tramadol e se há um limite nos seus efeitos nos cães.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Tramadol/análise , Cães/cirurgia , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
Anesthesiology ; 130(2): 237-246, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30601216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guidelines for obstetric anesthesia recommend neuraxial anesthesia (i.e., spinal or epidural block) for cesarean delivery in most patients. Little is known about the association of anesthesiologist specialization in obstetric anesthesia with a patient's likelihood of receiving general anesthesia. The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study to compare utilization of general anesthesia for cesarean delivery among patients treated by generalist versus obstetric-specialized anesthesiologists. METHODS: The authors studied patients undergoing cesarean delivery for live singleton pregnancies from 2013 through 2017 at one academic medical center. Data were extracted from the electronic medical record. The authors estimated the association of anesthesiologist specialization in obstetric anesthesia with the odds of receiving general anesthesia for cesarean delivery. RESULTS: Of the cesarean deliveries in our sample, 2,649 of 4,052 (65.4%) were performed by obstetric-specialized anesthesiologists, and 1,403 of 4,052 (34.6%) by generalists. Use of general anesthesia differed for patients treated by specialists and generalists (7.3% vs. 12.1%; P < 0.001). After adjustment, the odds of receiving general anesthesia were lower among patients treated by obstetric-specialized anesthesiologists among all patients (adjusted odds ratio, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.55 to 0.92; P = 0.011), and in a subgroup analysis restricted to urgent or emergent cesarean deliveries (adjusted odds ratio, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.56 to 0.99; P = 0.049). There was no association between provider specialization and the odds of receiving general anesthesia in a subgroup analysis restricted to evening or weekend deliveries (adjusted odds ratio, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.56 to 1.03; P = 0.085). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment by an obstetric anesthesiologist was associated with lower odds of receiving general anesthesia for cesarean delivery; however, this finding did not persist in a subgroup analysis restricted to evening and weekend deliveries.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Obstétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Anestesia Obstétrica/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Especialização
17.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 40(5): 642-647, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30166623

RESUMO

It is essential to monitor the end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) during general anesthesia and adjust the tidal volume and respiratory rate (RR). For the purpose of this study, we used a population pharmacodynamic modeling approach to establish the relationship between RR versus ETCO2 data during general anesthesia in children, and to identify the clinical variables affecting this relationship. A prospective observational study was designed to include 51 patients (aged ≤ 12 years), including users of antiepileptic drugs (levetiracetam, valproic, or phenobarbital (n = 21)) and non-users (n = 30), scheduled to receive general anesthesia during elective surgery. When the ETCO2 was at 40 mmHg, the RR was adjusted 1 breath per every 2 min until the ETCO2 was 30 mmHg and recovered to 40 mmHg. Pharmacodynamic analysis using a sigmoid Emax model was performed to assess the RR-ETCO2 relationship. As RR varied from 3 to 37 breaths per minute, the ETCO2 changed from 40 to 30 mmHg. Hysteresis between the RR and ETCO2 was observed and accounted for when the model was developed. The Ce50 (RR to achieve 50% of maximum decrease in ETCO2; i.e. 35 mmHg) was 20.5 in non-users of antiepileptic drugs and 14.9 in those on antiepileptic drug medication. The values of γ (the steepness of the concentration-response relation curve) and keo (the first-order rate constant determining the equilibration between the RR and ETCO2) were 7.53 and 0.467 min-1, respectively. The Ce50 and ETCO2 data fit to a sigmoid Emax model. In conclusion, the RR required to get the target ETCO2 was much lower in children patients taking antiepileptic drugs than that of non-user children patients during the general anesthesia.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Modelos Biológicos , Taxa Respiratória , Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar/fisiologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
J Pediatr Surg ; 54(4): 820-824, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30049573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with a prenatal diagnosis of lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) may undergo prenatal interventions, such as vesicoamniotic shunt (VAS) placement, as a temporary solution for relieving urinary tract obstruction. A recent FDA communication has raised awareness of the potential neurocognitive adverse effects of anesthesia in children. We hypothesized as to whether a prenatal LUTO staging system was predictive of the number of anesthesia events for prenatally diagnosed LUTO patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the prenatal and postnatal clinical records for patients with prenatally diagnosed LUTO from 2012 to 2015. Patients were stratified by prenatal VAS status and by LUTO disease severity according to Ruano et al. (Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2016). RESULTS: 31 patients were identified with a prenatal LUTO diagnosis, and postnatal records were available for 21 patients (seven patients in each stage). When combining prenatal and postnatal anesthesia, there was a significant difference in the number of anesthesia encounters by stage (1.6, 3.7, and 6.7 for Stage I, II, and III respectively, p = .034). Upon univariate analysis, higher gestational age (GA) at birth was associated with a decreased number of anesthesia events in the first year (p = .031). CONCLUSIONS: The majority of infants with prenatally diagnosed LUTO will undergo postnatal procedures with general anesthesia exposure in the first year of life. Patients with higher prenatal LUTO severity experienced a higher number of both prenatal and postnatal anesthesia encounters. In addition, higher GA at birth was associated with fewer anesthesia encounters in the first year. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: This is a prognostic study with Level IV evidence.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Obstrução do Colo da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sistema Urinário/anormalidades , Sistema Urinário/cirurgia
19.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 18(1): 477, 2018 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30514224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Repeat cesarean delivery (CD) accounts for approximately 15% of all annual deliveries in the US with an estimated 656,250 operations per year. We aimed to study whether prolonged operative time (OT; skin incision to closure) is a risk marker for post-operative maternal complications among women undergoing repeat CD. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective study in a single tertiary center including all women who underwent repeat CD but excluding those with cesarean hysterectomy. Prolonged OT was defined as duration of CD longer than the 90th percentile duration on record for each specific surgeon in order to correct for technique differences between surgeons. Bi-variate analysis was used to study the association of prolonged OT with each one of the following maternal complications: post-operative blood transfusion, prolonged maternal hospitalization (defined as hospitalization duration longer than 1 week post-CD), infection necessitating antibiotics, re-laparotomy within 7 days post-CD, and re-admission within 42 days post-CD. A multivariate regression analysis was performed controlling for maternal age, ethnicity, parity, number of fetus, gestational age at delivery, trial of labor after cesarean, anesthesia, and number of previous CDs. The adjusted odd ratio was calculated for each complication independently and for a composite adverse maternal outcome defined as any one of the above. RESULTS: A total of 6507 repeat CDs were included; prolonged OT was highly associated (P value < 0.000) with: post-operative blood transfusion (4.4% vs. 1.5%), prolonged hospitalization (8.4% vs. 4.0%), infection necessitating antibiotics (2% vs. 1%), and readmission (1.8% vs. 0.8%) when compared to control. The composite adverse maternal outcome was also associated with prolonged OT (20.2% vs. 11.2%, p < 0.000). These correlations remained statistically significant in the multivariate regression analysis when controlling for confounders. CONCLUSIONS: Among women undergoing repeat CD, prolonged OT (reflecting CD duration greater than 90th percentile for the specific surgeon) is a risk marker for post-operative maternal complications.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Recesariana/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Análise de Regressão , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Eur J Radiol ; 107: 183-187, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30292264

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the need for general anesthesia (GA) in MRI in children aged 4-6 years, using a multi-faceted concept, Children Centered Care (CCC), compared to a standard setup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study of 81 children, we developed and tested a multi-faceted concept, CCC, for MRI in children aged 4-6 without GA, comparing it to a standard setup. The CCC included: 1) an interactive app, 2) a trained pediatric team, 3) a children's lounge with a toy-scanner, and 4) a child-friendly multimedia environment in the MRI room. Patients were included from February-September 2016 and 2017. The use of GA was evaluated, image quality was assessed and a cost-benefit analysis was done. RESULTS: We included 40 children in the control group and 41 in the CCC group. Mean age was 5.8 years and 48 (59%) were males. Neuro and orthopedic imaging accounted for 58 (72%) and 22 (27%), respectively. With the CCC setup 39/41 (95%) completed a diagnostic MRI without GA compared to 17/40 (43%) in the control group (p < 0.001). Image quality was not different between the groups (p = 0.37). The setup proved cost-effective with a payback time of two years in a Danish setting with 250 eligible patients per year. CONCLUSION: With the multi-faceted concept CCC, the use of GA for MRI in children aged 4-6 was markedly reduced to 5%, image quality was maintained and the setup was cost-effective.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Geral/economia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Custo-Benefício , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/economia , Masculino , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/economia , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Listas de Espera
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