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1.
No Shinkei Geka ; 48(11): 1005-1012, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33199657

RESUMO

The lateral supraorbital approach(LSOA)is widely accepted as a less invasive surgical technique compared with the conventional pterional approach(PA). However, only a few studies have reported less invasiveness associated with LSOA. To evaluate this issue, we retrospectively investigated the surgical outcomes in 133 patients who underwent LSOA and 28 patients who underwent PA for unruptured anterior circulation aneurysms. We analyzed operation time, postoperative symptoms and complications, and the length of postoperative hospitalization(in days)for each method. All aneurysms were successfully clipped regardless of the approach. The operation time was significantly shorter, the postoperative headache rate was lower, resumption of oral intake was more rapid, and length of hospitalization was shorter in the LSOA group. Statistical significance was not observed in the postoperative complication rates. Compared with conventional PA, LSOA was associated with less invasiveness and better patient satisfaction. LSOA is a safe and effective alternative to conventional PA, following optimal patient selection.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Aneurisma Roto/cirurgia , Craniotomia , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
No Shinkei Geka ; 48(11): 1029-1033, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33199660

RESUMO

When it is difficult to approach the brachial or femoral artery during endovascular surgery, an alternative approach is the direct puncture of the carotid artery. In this case of a giant cerebral aneurysm, we punctured the carotid artery directly and performed flow diverter stent placement and endosaccular coil embolization. Although the procedure required two thick access routes, it was performed after administering two antiplatelet drugs and an anticoagulant in order to achieve reliable hemostasis of the puncture sites after the operation. Direct common carotid artery puncture through a cervical skin incision is useful, because it ensures multiple access routes safely and provides secure hemostasis of the puncture sites.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Prótese Vascular , Artéria Carótida Primitiva , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Punções , Stents
3.
No Shinkei Geka ; 48(11): 1073-1078, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33199666

RESUMO

Kissing aneurysms are defined as two adjacent aneurysms arising from identical or different arteries with separate origins and partially adherent walls. Mirror aneurysms are defined as intracranial aneurysms located in similar positions bilaterally on the parent arteries. Both kissing and mirror aneurysms at the anterior communicating artery(AcomA)are rare. We report a case of subarachnoid hemorrhage(SAH)due to ruptured kissing mirror aneurysms of the AcomA. An 80-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a sudden headache and vomiting. CT revealed diffuse SAH. Digital subtraction arteriography(DSA)revealed an aneurysm at the right A1-A2 junction of the AcomA. Hence, coil embolization was performed. On day 14 following embolization, rebleeding occurred. DSA revealed complete occlusion of the aneurysm at the right A1-A2 junction. However, left carotid angiography revealed an aneurysm at the left A1-A2 junction. We did not understand the anatomical construction of the aneurysms;therefore, we selected microsurgical treatment to clip the AcomA aneurysm using an interhemispheric approach. The left A1-A2 junctional aneurysm was anterior to the right A1-A2 junctional aneurysm, which was coil embolized. We detected the left A1-A2 junctional aneurysm as a ruptured aneurysm. The two aneurysms were adhered to each other. After dissection to expose the aneurysmal neck, the left A1-A2 junctional aneurysm was clipped. Kissing mirror aneurysms are difficult to diagnose before treatment. Knowledge and suspicion of the occurrence of kissing mirror aneurysms in the AcomA are important.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto , Embolização Terapêutica , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Roto/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Roto/cirurgia , Artéria Cerebral Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Cerebral Anterior/cirurgia , Angiografia Cerebral , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/etiologia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/cirurgia
4.
No Shinkei Geka ; 48(10): 949-955, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071232

RESUMO

Cerebral aneurysms and arachnoid cysts are relatively common cerebral malformations and the use of recent modalities has increased their detection rates. However, cerebral aneurysms associated with arachnoid cysts are unusual. We describe two cases of ruptured cerebral aneurysms associated with arachnoid cysts. According to previous reports, clinical presentation may sometimes be unusual, as cysts can prevent subarachnoid hemorrhage. Moreover, in some cases, CT may reveal typical arachnoid cysts without subarachnoid hemorrhage, without intracystic hematoma, or with subdural hematoma alone. These clinical presentations and radiologic findings can lead to delayed diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Therefore, we should consider the coexistence of arachnoid cyst in case of a warning sign of aneurysm rupture.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto , Cistos Aracnóideos , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Aneurisma Roto/complicações , Aneurisma Roto/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Roto/cirurgia , Cistos Aracnóideos/complicações , Cistos Aracnóideos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistos Aracnóideos/cirurgia , Hematoma Subdural , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/complicações , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/etiologia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/cirurgia
5.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105121, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912506

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to identify the risk factors for surgical treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) in individuals aged >60 years, particularly focusing on white matter lesions (WMLs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We investigated a total of 214 patients with UIAs. The patient group comprised 53 males and 151 females with an average age of 68.2 years. UIA size ranged from 2.7 to 26 (mean: 7.3) mm. The primary endpoint of the study was patient prognosis evaluated at the time of discharge using the modified Rankin Scale. We examined the risk factors for poor outcome and WMLs using magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: Poor outcome was observed in 23 (10.7%) patients. Significant correlations were observed between poor outcome and UIA size (P < 0.0001), UIAs located posteriorly (P = 0.0204), UIA thrombosis (P = 0.0002), and presence of WMLs (P < 0.0001) in univariate regression analysis. However, no significant correlations were noted between poor outcome and age (P = 0.1438). Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed significant correlations between poor outcome and UIA size (P < 0.0001), presence of WMLs (P = 0.001). Severe WMLs based on the Fazekas classification was correlated to age (P < 0.0001) and atherosclerosis (P = 0.0001). Severe WMLs were associated with ischemia (P < 0.001) and epilepsy (P = 0.0502) as well as length of hospitalization (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Severe WMLs are risk factors for surgical treatment of UIAs in the elderly. Surgical indications must be considered and caution should be taken when managing patients with severe WMLs.


Assuntos
Fragilidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Leucoencefalopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105171, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prophylactic antiepileptic drugs (pAEDs) are often prescribed for seizure prophylaxis in patients undergoing surgical treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs). We aimed to evaluate the benefit of pAEDs in patients undergoing surgical repair of UIAs. METHODS: We randomly assigned eligible patients undergoing surgical repair of UIAs to receive levetiracetam for seven days post-operatively or standard care alone. The primary outcome was the evaluation of seizures in the perioperative period (within 4 weeks). We also evaluated seizure occurrence throughout follow-up and assessed functional outcomes using the modified Rankin scale score (mRS). RESULTS: 35 patients were randomized to the "no-levetiracetam" group and 41 patients were randomized to receive levetiracetam. The two study groups had similar overall baseline characteristics and the surgical complication rate was similar for both groups (p = 0.8). One patient in the "no-levetiracetam" group had a seizure in the perioperative period versus 2 patients in the group randomized to receive levetiracetam (2.9% vs 4.9%, respectively, p = 1.00). No patients in the "no-levetiracetam" group had any additional late seizures (mean follow-up of 20.4 months), but three patients in the levetiracetam group had late seizures during follow-up (mean follow-up of 19.1 months) (0% vs 7.3%, p = 0.2). mRS score of 0-2 at 90 days and at the latest follow-up were similar between the two groups (p = 1.00). CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative seizure prophylaxis with levetiracetam does not reduce the rate of seizures as compared to controls in patients undergoing surgical repair of UIAs.


Assuntos
Anticonvulsivantes/administração & dosagem , Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Levetiracetam/administração & dosagem , Microcirurgia/efeitos adversos , Convulsões/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Anticonvulsivantes/efeitos adversos , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Levetiracetam/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Michigan , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Convulsões/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(9): 1353-1358, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical outcomes of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) after surgeries in Yunnan Province. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the demographic features, vascular risk factors, severity at admission, and aneurysm locations in 85 patients with aSAH receiving surgical interventions in Yunnan Province. All the patients were treated by aneurysm clipping or coiling and followed up for clinical outcomes and recovery of daily activities evaluated by modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scale, respectively. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the patients (40.0%) underwent aneurysm clipping and 51 (60.0%) underwent aneurysm coiling. During a median follow- up period of 66.23 months (IOR, 12.03 months), 84.7% of the patients had low mRS scores, and 78.8% lived independently. The WFNS grade at admission was significantly correlated with the follow-up mRS scores (95%CI: 1.48-19.09, P=0.011) and ADL (95%CI: 2.55-28.77, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that age (95%CI: 1.02-1.23, P=0.017; 95%CI: 1.00-1.15, P=0.038) and a high WFNS grade at admission (95%CI: 2.19-141.48, P=0.007; 95%CI: 2.84-82.61, P=0.002) were independent predictors of both mRS and ADL scores at follow-up. There was no significant difference in clinical outcomes or the length of hospital stay between the two treatment strategies (P > 0.05), but the cost of hospitalization was significantly higher in coiling group than in the clipping group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Both aging and a high WFNS grade at admission are associated with a poor prognosis of aSAH, for which aneurysm clipping and coiling have similar long- term outcomes, but for patients with a high WFNS score, aneurysm clipping is favored over coiling in terms of health economics.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Neurocirugía (Soc. Luso-Esp. Neurocir.) ; 31(4): 173-183, jul.-ago. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-193898

RESUMO

OBJECT: The breadth and complexity of neurovascular pathologies treated with endovascular neurosurgery has expanded dramatically in recent years. Many aneurysms remain difficult to treat safely. Transcirculation (contralateral and/or retrograde) approaches through the circle of Willis are useful alternatives for treating challenging lesions endovascularly. Here, we present a series of patients treated with unconventional transcirculation techniques. METHODS: A total of six patients were treated: four patients with five aneurysms, one patient with an MCA stroke, and one patient with a meningioma requiring preoperative embolization were initially thought not to be amenable to endovascular treatment. The decision was made to treat these patients with transcirculation approaches. All patients were treated by one interventionist. One aneurysm was located in the cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA), one in the vertebral artery, two in the paraclinoid ICA, and one in a cerebellar AVM feeder vessel were treated. RESULTS: Five of six patients (83%) made a full neurologic recovery. Three aneurysms were treated to complete occlusion, one aneurysm was left with small residual neck filling, and one aneurysm was not able to be treated. One patient underwent mechanical thrombectomy of a middle cerebral artery (MCA) embolus and MCA filling was restored after treatment. One patient underwent complete embolization of the deep vascular supply of a meningioma. CONCLUSIONS: Although many neurovascular pathologies remain unsuitable for endovascular treatment, transcirculation approaches can allow for safe, successful treatment of challenging lesions in select patients


OBJETIVO: La variedad y la complejidad de las enfermedades neurovasculares tratadas con neurocirugía endovascular ha aumentado drásticamente en los últimos años. Muchos aneurismas continúan siendo difíciles de tratar de forma segura. Los enfoques de transcirculación (contralateral y/o retrógrada) a través del círculo de Willis son alternativas útiles para el tratamiento endovascular de lesiones difíciles. Presentamos una serie de casos de pacientes tratados con técnicas de transcirculación no convencionales. MÉTODOS: Se trató a un total de 6 pacientes que inicialmente se creía que no eran aptos para el tratamiento endovascular: 4 pacientes con 5 aneurismas, un paciente con un ictus de la arteria cerebral media (ACM) y un paciente con un meningioma que requería embolización preoperatoria. Se tomó la decisión de tratar a estos pacientes con métodos de transcirculación. Todos los pacientes fueron tratados por un solo especialista. Se localizaron y trataron un aneurisma en el segmento cavernoso de la arteria carótida interna (ACI), otro en la arteria vertebral, 2 en el segmento paraclinoideo de la ACI y otro en una malformación arteriovenosa cerebelosa de un vaso nutriente. RESULTADOS: Cinco de los 6 pacientes (83%) alcanzaron una recuperación neurológica completa. Se trataron 3 aneurismas hasta una oclusión completa, un aneurisma se dejó con un pequeño relleno de cuello residual y otro aneurisma no pudo ser tratado. Un paciente fue sometido a una trombectomía mecánica de un émbolo en la ACM y el relleno de la ACM se restauró después del tratamiento. Un paciente se sometió a embolización completa del riego vascular profundo de un meningioma. CONCLUSIONES: Aunque muchas enfermedades neurovasculares siguen sin ser adecuadas para el tratamiento endovascular, los enfoques de transcirculación pueden permitir el tratamiento seguro y exitoso de lesiones difíciles en pacientes seleccionados


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Doenças Arteriais Intracranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Arteriais Intracranianas/cirurgia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Trombectomia/métodos , Embolização Terapêutica/instrumentação
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e21277, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702918

RESUMO

To report the clinical characteristics and retinal abnormalities associated with orbital infarction syndrome after cerebral aneurysm clipping surgery.In this retrospective case series, we evaluated 4 cases of orbital infarction syndrome using fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and computed tomography images from January 2011 to May 2014. The medical records of these patients including age, sex, laterality of the eyes, visual acuity, intraocular pressure, duration of the operation, location of the aneurysms, and surgical method with the type of approach used to reach the aneurysmal lesions were evaluated.Aneurysms were located in either the anterior or the posterior communicating artery. Two patients had subarachnoid hemorrhage arising from a ruptured aneurysm, whereas 2 other patients had unruptured aneurysms. Clipping was performed by 3 different surgeons using the pterional craniotomy. The mean time interval from aneurysmal clipping to awareness of vision loss was 10.75 ±â€Š13.8 days. In all patients, optic atrophy and irreversible deterioration of visual acuity ensued. Retinal edema, retinal vascular abnormality, or choroidal hypoperfusion was identified in these patients.Orbital infarction syndrome is a rare but devastating complication of brain aneurysm clipping surgery. The associated retinal ischemia is not only due to the involvement of the retinal vessels, but also the choroidal circulation.


Assuntos
Infarto/etiologia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Órbita/irrigação sanguínea , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(31): 2467-2469, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32688457

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the application of a modified scalp retractor in the craniotomy for intracranial aneurysms withlateral supraorbital approach. Methods: From January 2019 to April 2020, a total of 32 patients with anterior circulation aneurysms clipping by superior lateral orbital approach were selected from Beijing Tiantan Hospital and Peking University International Hospital. The subjects were randomly divided into the traditional scalp retractor group and the modified scalp retractor group utilizing a random number table, with 16 patients in each group. The number of intraoperative retractor adjustment, incision length, postoperative scalp necrosis rate, postoperative wound healing grade, postoperative neurosurgical satisfaction score and patients' satisfaction score for incision were compared between the two groups. Results: The number of retractor adjustment in the modified scalp retractors group was significantly less than that in the traditional scalp retractor group (10.1±2.2 vs 14.2±3.6, P<0.05) . Incision length was also significantly shorter than that of the conventional scalp retractor group ( (10.1±1.0) cm vs (13.9±0.9) cm, P<0.05) .Neurosurgeons were significantly more satisfied with modified scalp retractors than the traditional scalp retractors (8.1±0.9 vs 6.0±0.9, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in postoperative scalp necrosis rate between two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: The modified scalp retractor group is superior to the traditional scalp retractor group in the craniotomy for intracranial aneurysms with later supraorbital approach, with shorter in cision, less retractor adjustment and shorter surgical time.


Assuntos
Craniotomia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Humanos , Microcirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Período Pós-Operatório , Couro Cabeludo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 287, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of anterior communicating artery (Acom) aneurysm is challenging due to anatomic complexity. We aimed to describe our experiences with endovascular treatment (EVT) of Acom aneurysms, and to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of recurrence and retreatment. METHODS: The study comprised 260 patients who were treated at a single center between January 2010 and December 2018. Patients who had EVT, including stent-assisted coiling of Acom aneurysms, were included. All medical records were retrospectively reviewed. The incidence and risk factors of recurrence and retreatment were evaluated. Univariate and multivariate analysis were conducted. RESULTS: Recurrence of Acom aneurysms occurred in 38 (14.6%) patients. Mean follow-up duration was 27 months (range 1-110). Multivariate logistic regression indicated that ruptured aneurysm (odds ratio [OR] 3.55, P = 0.001), dome direction (anterior) (OR 3.86, P = 0.002), maximal diameter (OR 1.19, P = 0.02), and mean age (OR 0.96, P = 0.02) were independent risk factors for aneurysm recurrence. Of 38 cases of recurrence, 10 (3.8%) patients underwent retreatment. Ruptured aneurysm (OR 14.7, P = 0.004), maximal diameter (OR 1.56, P = 0.02), inflow angle (OR 1.04, P = 0.03), and Raymond-Roy classes II and III (OR 6.19, P = 0.03) showed significant relation to retreatment in multivariate logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, recurrence rate of Acom aneurysms after EVT was 14.6%. Rupture, anterior dome direction, maximal diameter, and mean age were significantly associated with recurrence. Retreatment rate of recurrent Acom aneurysms after EVT was 3.8%. Patients with Acom aneurysms with large inflow, rupture, large size, or incomplete occlusion may be at a high risk of retreatment of recurring aneurysm.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/epidemiologia , Recidiva , Retratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649818

RESUMO

A 30-year-old woman with giant fusiform aneurysm of the azygos anterior cerebral artery is reported. Clipping of the aneurysm followed by modeling of pericallosal artery was performed in 2017. However, further enlargement of the aneurysm has been observed for subsequent 2 years. The patient underwent redo surgery with excision of the aneurysm followed by «hemi-bonnet bypass¼ procedure (anastomosis between superficial temporal artery and anterior cerebral artery with radial artery as an interposition graft). Literature data on reconstructive surgery in the treatment of complex pericallosal artery aneurysms are reviewed.


Assuntos
Revascularização Cerebral , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Adulto , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Artéria Cerebral Anterior/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Radial/cirurgia
17.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 12(8): 777-782, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32546632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ruptured aneurysms of the intracranial vertebral artery (VA) or posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) are challenging to treat as they are often dissecting aneurysms necessitating direct sacrifice of the diseased segment, which is thought to carry high morbidity due to brainstem and cerebellar stroke. However, relatively few studies evaluating outcomes following VA or proximal PICA sacrifice exist. We sought to determine the efficacy and outcomes of endovascular VA/PICA sacrifice. METHODS: A retrospective series of ruptured VA/PICA aneurysms treated by endovascular sacrifice of the VA (including the PICA origin) or proximal PICA is reviewed. Collected data included demographic, radiologic, clinical, and disability information. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients were identified. Median age was 57 years (IQR 11); 15 were female. The Hunt and Hess grade was mostly 3 and 4 (18/21). Seven cases (33%) involved VA-V4 at the PICA take-off, and 14 cases (67%) involved the PICA exclusively. For VA pathology, V4 was sacrificed in all cases, while for PICA pathology, sacrificed segments included anterior medullary (4/14), lateral medullary (7/14), and tonsillomedullary (3/14) segments. Four patients went to hospice (19%). Twelve patients (57%) had evidence of stroke on follow-up imaging: cerebellar (8), medullary (1), and both (3). One patient required suboccipital decompression for brainstem compression. No aneurysm re-rupture occurred. Median discharge modified Rankin Scale score was 2.0 (IQR 2), which decreased to 1.0 (IQR 1) at median follow-up of 6.5 months (IQR 23). CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular sacrifice of V4 or PICA aneurysms may carry less morbidity than previously thought, and is a viable alternative for poor surgical candidates or those with good collateral perfusion.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto/cirurgia , Cerebelo/irrigação sanguínea , Cerebelo/cirurgia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Idoso , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Artéria Vertebral/cirurgia
18.
J Vis Exp ; (159)2020 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478731

RESUMO

Endovascular treatment for intracranial aneurysms gained importance over the past decades, consequently there is an increased need of testing endovascular devices. Animal models respecting rheological, hemodynamic and aneurysm wall conditions are highly warranted. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to design a novel standardized and reproducible surgical technique to create autologous arterial pouch bifurcation aneurysms with non-modified and modified wall conditions in rabbits. Bifurcation aneurysms were created by end-to-side anastomosis of the right on the left common carotid artery, both serving as parent arteries for the arterial pouch, which was microsurgically sewn on. Grafts were taken from the proximal right common carotid artery, either for the control (n = 7, immediate autologous re-implantation) or modified (n = 7, incubated with 100 international units elastase for 20 minutes before autologous re-implantation) group. Pouch and parent artery patency were controlled by fluorescence angiography immediately after creation. At follow-up (28 days), all rabbits underwent contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography and fluorescence angiography followed by aneurysm harvesting, macroscopic and histological evaluation. A total of 16 female New Zealand White rabbits were operated upon. Two animals died prematurely. At follow-up, 85.72% of all aneurysms remained patent. Both groups revealed an increase in aneurysm size over time; this was more pronounced in the control group (6.48 ± 1.81 mm3 at time of creation vs. 19.85 ± 6.40 mm3 at follow-up, p = 0.037) than in the modified group (8.03 ± 1.08 mm3 at time of creation vs. 20.29 ± 6.16 mm3 at follow-up, p = 0.054). Our findings demonstrate the adequacy of this new rabbit model which allows for the creation of bifurcation aneurysms with different wall conditions in a microsurgical approach. Given the excellent long-term patency and the property of aneurysm growth over time, this model may serve as an important tool for preclinical evaluation of novel endovascular therapies.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Primitiva/cirurgia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Pontos de Referência Anatômicos , Animais , Artéria Carótida Primitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Microcirurgia , Elastase Pancreática/metabolismo , Coelhos
20.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 73(05-06): 213-216, 2020 05 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579312

RESUMO

The cause of intracerebral, subarachnoid and subdural haemorrhage is different, and the simultaneous appearance in the same case is extremely rare. We describe the case of a patient with a ruptured aneurysm on the distal segment of the middle cerebral artery, with a concomitant subdural and intracerebral haemorrhage, and a subsequent secondary brainstem (Duret) haemorrhage. The 59-year-old woman had hypertension and diabetes in her medical history. She experienced anomic aphasia and left-sided headache starting one day before admission. She had no trauma. A few minutes after admission she suddenly became comatose, her breathing became superficial. Non-contrast CT revealed left sided fronto-parietal subdural and subarachnoid and intracerebral haemorrhage, and bleeding was also observed in the right pontine region. The patient had leucocytosis and hyperglycemia but normal hemostasis. After the subdural haemorrhage had been evacuated, the patient was transferred to intensive care unit. Sepsis developed. Echocardiography did not detect endocarditis. Neurological status, vigilance gradually improved. The rehabilitation process was interrupted by epileptic status. Control CT and CT angiography proved an aneurysm in the peripheral part of the left middle cerebral artery, which was later clipped. Histolo-gical examination excluded mycotic etiology of the aneu-rysm and "normal aneurysm wall" was described. The brain stem haemorrhage - Duret bleeding - was presumably caused by a sudden increase in intracranial pressure due to the supratentorial space occupying process and consequential trans-tentorial herniation. This case is a rarity, as the patient not only survived, but lives an active life with some residual symptoms.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto/diagnóstico por imagem , Cerebelo/irrigação sanguínea , Hematoma Subdural/etiologia , Hematoma Subdural/cirurgia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Angiografia Cerebral , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Cefaleia , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
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