Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.164
Filtrar
1.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(4): 509-517, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a volume-outcome relationship exists for elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery conducted within the National Health Service (NHS) in England. METHODS: This was an analysis of administrative data. Data were extracted from the Hospital Episodes Statistics database for England from April 2011 to March 2019 for all adult admissions for elective infrarenal AAA surgery. Data were extracted for the NHS trust and surgeon undertaking the procedure, the surgical technique used (open or endovascular), the financial year of admission, length of hospital and critical care stay during the procedure and subsequent emergency re-admissions (primary outcome) and deaths within 30 days. Multilevel modelling was used to adjust for hierarchy and confounding. RESULTS: A dataset of 31 829 procedures (8867 open, 22 962 endovascular) was extracted. For open surgery, lower trust annual volume was associated with higher 30 day emergency re-admission rates and higher 30 day mortality. For open surgery, lower surgeon annual volume was associated with higher 30 day mortality and length of hospital stay greater than the median. For endovascular surgery, lower surgeon annual volume was associated with not having an overnight stay in critical care. None of the other volume-outcome relationships investigated was significant. CONCLUSION: For elective infrarenal AAA surgery in the UK NHS, there was strong evidence of a volume-outcome relationship for open surgery. However, evidence for a volume-outcome relationship is dependent on the specific procedure undertaken and the outcome of interest.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais com Baixo Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina Estatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade
3.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 573-578, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The attempt to repair a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm carries a significant risk of perioperative mortality. The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and outcomes after repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has not been well defined. We report the association of BMI with outcomes after ruptured AAA repair. METHODS: Patients undergoing ruptured AAA repairs between 2008 and 2017 at 2 tertiary academic centers were included in this retrospective study. Demographics (including BMI), type of repair, length of stay, and admission mortality risk scores were gathered and analyzed using bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions. Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) was reported with 95% CIs and P values from the multivariate analysis. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. Akaike information criterion (AIC) and c-statistics were used to assess the predictive power of models including physiologic score with or without BMI. RESULTS: A total of 202 patients underwent repair of ruptured AAA. In bivariate relationship, increased BMI was significantly associated with 30-day mortality. With multivariate analysis, adjusting for demographics, type of procedure, and physiologic score, for each kg/m2 increase in BMI, an 8% increase in the likelihood of perioperative mortality (AOR = 1.08, 95% CI: 1.01-1.17; P = .04) was observed. CONCLUSION: When adjusted for admission risk score, type of procedure, and demographics, obesity was associated with increased 30-day mortality. With BMI as an additional data point, the c-statistics and AIC comparisons indicated that we would have a greater ability to preoperatively estimate mortality after ruptured AAA repair. Consideration could be made to include BMI in future mortality risk scoring systems for ruptured AAA.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Indiana , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Washington
4.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(2): 181-191, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe the outcomes of the Anaconda™ Fenestrated endograft Italian Registry for complex aortic aneurysms (AAAs), unsuitable for standard endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS: Between 2012 and 2018 patients with a proximal neck unsuitable for standard EVAR, treated with the fenestrated Anaconda™ endograft, were prospectively enrolled in a dedicated database. Endpoints were peri-operative technical success (TS) and evaluation of type Ia/b or 3 endoleaks (T1/3 EL), target visceral vessel (TVV) occlusion, re-interventions, and AAA related mortality at 30 days, six months, and later follow up. RESULTS: One hundred twenty seven patients (74 ± 7 years, American Society Anesthesiology (ASA) II/III/IV: 12/85/30) were included in the study in 49 Italian Vascular Surgery Units (83 juxta/para-renal AAA, 13 type IV thoraco-abdominal AAA, 16 T1aEL post EVAR, and 15 short neck AAA). Configurations with one, two, three, and four fenestrations were used in 5, 56, 39, and 27 cases, respectively, for a total of 342 visceral vessels. One hundred and eight (85%) bifurcated and 19 (15%) tube endografts were implanted. In 35% (44/127) of cases the endograft was repositioned during the procedure, and 37% (128/342) of TVV were cannulated from brachial access. TS was 87% (111/127): five T1EL, six T3EL (between fenestration and vessel stent), and six loss of visceral vessels (one patient with a Type Ia EL had also a TVV loss) occurred. Thirty day mortality was 4% (5/127). Two of the five T1EL resolved spontaneously at 30 days. The overall median follow up was 21 ± 16 months; one T1EL (5%) occurred at six months and one T3EL (4%) at the three year follow up. Another two (3%) TVV occlusions occurred at six months and five (3%) at three years. The re-intervention rate at the 30 days, six months, and three year follow up was 5%, 7%, and 18 ± 5%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The fenestrated Anaconda™ endograft is effective in the treatment of complex AAA. Some structure properties, such as the re-positionability and the possibility of cannulation from above, are specific characteristics helpful for the treatment of some complex anatomies.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 7: CD001835, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an abnormal ballooning of the major abdominal artery. Some AAAs present as emergencies and require surgery; others remain asymptomatic. Treatment of asymptomatic AAAs depends on many factors, but the size of the aneurysm is important, as risk of rupture increases with aneurysm size. Large asymptomatic AAAs (greater than 5.5 cm in diameter) are usually repaired surgically; very small AAAs (less than 4.0 cm diameter) are monitored with ultrasonography. Debate continues over the roles of early repair versus surveillance with repair on subsequent enlargement in people with asymptomatic AAAs of 4.0 cm to 5.5 cm diameter. This is the fourth update of the review first published in 1999. OBJECTIVES: To compare mortality and costs, as well as quality of life and aneurysm rupture as secondary outcomes, following early surgical repair versus routine ultrasound surveillance in people with asymptomatic AAAs between 4.0 cm and 5.5 cm in diameter. SEARCH METHODS: The Cochrane Vascular Information Specialist searched the Cochrane Vascular Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, two other databases, and two trials registers to 10 July 2019. We handsearched conference proceedings and checked reference lists of relevant studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials where people with asymptomatic AAAs of 4.0 cm to 5.5 cm were randomly allocated to early repair or imaging-based surveillance at least every six months. Outcomes had to include mortality or survival. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Three review authors independently extracted data, which were cross-checked by other team members. Outcomes were mortality, costs, quality of life, and aneurysm rupture. For mortality, we estimated risk ratios (RR) (endovascular aneurysm repair only), hazard ratios (HR) (open repair only), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) based on Mantel-Haenszel Chi2 statistics at one and six years (open repair only) following randomisation. MAIN RESULTS: We found no new studies for this update. Four trials with 3314 participants fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Two trials compared early open repair with surveillance and two trials compared early endovascular repair (EVAR) with surveillance. We used GRADE to access the certainty of the evidence for mortality and cost, which ranged from high to low. We downgraded the certainty in the evidence from high to moderate and low due to risk of bias concerns and imprecision (some outcomes were only reported by one study). All four trials showed an early survival benefit in the surveillance group (due to 30-day operative mortality with repair) but no evidence of differences in long-term survival. One study compared early open repair with surveillance with an adjusted HR of 0.88 (95% CI 0.75 to 1.02, mean follow-up 10 years; HR 1.21, 95% CI 0.95 to 1.54, mean follow-up 4.9 years). Pooled analysis of participant-level data from the two trials comparing early open repair with surveillance (maximum follow-up seven to eight years) showed no evidence of a difference in survival (propensity score-adjusted HR 0.99, 95% CI 0.83 to 1.18; 2226 participants; high-certainty evidence). This lack of treatment effect did not vary to three years by AAA diameter (P = 0.39), participant age (P = 0.61), or for women (HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.62 to 1.11). Two studies compared EVAR with surveillance and there was no evidence of a survival benefit for early EVAR at 12 months (RR 1.92, 95% CI 0.73 to 5.06; 846 participants; low-certainty evidence). Two trials reported costs. The mean UK health service costs per participant over the first 18 months after randomisation were higher in the open repair surgery than the surveillance group (GBP 4978 in the repair group versus GBP 3914 in the surveillance group; mean difference (MD) GBP 1064, 95% CI 796 to 1332; 1090 participants; moderate-certainty evidence). There was a similar difference after 12 years. The mean USA hospital costs for participants at six months after randomisation were higher in the EVAR group than in the surveillance group (USD 33,471 with repair versus USD 5520 with surveillance; MD USD 27,951, 95% CI 25,156 to 30,746; 614 participants; low-certainty evidence). After four years, there was no evidence of a difference in total medical costs between groups (USD 48,669 with repair versus USD 46,112 with surveillance; MD USD 2557, 95% CI -8043 to 13,156; 614 participants; low-certainty evidence). All studies reported quality of life but used different assessment measurements and results were conflicting. All four studies reported aneurysm rupture. There were very few ruptures reported in the trials of EVAR versus surveillance up to three years. In the trials of open surgery versus surveillance, there were ruptures to at least six years and there were more ruptures in the surveillance group, but most of these ruptures occurred in aneurysms that had exceeded the threshold for surgical repair. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There was no evidence of an advantage to early repair for small AAA (4.0 cm to 5.5 cm), regardless of whether open repair or EVAR is used and, at least for open repair, regardless of patient age and AAA diameter. Thus, neither early open nor early EVAR of small AAAs is supported by currently available evidence. Long-term data from the two trials investigating EVAR are not available, so, we can only draw firm conclusions regarding outcomes after the first few years for open repair. Research regarding the risks related to and management of small AAAs in ethnic minorities and women is urgently needed, as data regarding these populations are lacking.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Doenças Assintomáticas/terapia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Ruptura Aórtica/epidemiologia , Doenças Assintomáticas/mortalidade , Análise Custo-Benefício , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Ultrassonografia , Conduta Expectante
6.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 215-229, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606718

RESUMO

Introduction: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and coronary artery disease (CAD) share common risk factors. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of undiagnosed AAA in patients with angiographically diagnosed significant CAD. Patients and Methods: Male patients aged 50 years and above (including indigenous people) with angiographically diagnosed significant CAD in the recent one year were screened for AAA. Standard definition of abdominal aortic aneurysm and CAD was used. All new patients were followed up for six months for AAA events (ruptured AAA and AAA-related mortality). Results: A total of 277 male patients were recruited into this study. The total prevalence of undiagnosed AAA in this study population was 1.1% (95% CI 0.2-3.1). In patients with high-risk CAD, the prevalence of undiagnosed AAA was 1.7% (95% CI 0.3-4.8). The detected aneurysms ranged in size from 35.0mm to 63.8mm. Obesity was a common factor in these patients. There were no AAA-related mortality or morbidity during the follow-up. Although the total prevalence of undiagnosed AAA is low in the studied population, the prevalence of sub-aneurysmal aortic dilatation in patients with significant CAD was high at 6.6% (95% CI 3.9-10.2), in which majority were within the younger age group than 65 years old. Conclusion: This was the first study on the prevalence of undiagnosed AAA in a significant CAD population involving indigenous people in the island of Borneo. Targeted screening of patients with high-risk CAD even though they are younger than 65 years old effectively discover potentially harmful asymptomatic AAA and sub-aneurysmal aortic dilatations.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento , Ultrassonografia , Idoso , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/epidemiologia , Bornéu/epidemiologia , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Estudos Transversais , Dilatação Patológica , Progressão da Doença , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(4): 519-530, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624387

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hospital and surgeon operative caseload is thought to be associated with peri-operative mortality following the non-elective repair of aortic aneurysms; however, whether such an association exists within the Australian healthcare setting is unknown. METHODS: The Australasian Vascular Audit was interrogated to identify patients undergoing non-elective (emergency [EMG] or semi-urgent [URG]) aortic aneurysm repair between 2010 and 2016, as well as their treating surgeon and hospital. Hierarchal logistic regression modelling was used to assess the impact of caseload on outcomes after both endovascular (EVAR) and open surgical repair (OSR). RESULTS: Volume counts were determined from 14 262 patients (4 121 OSR and 10 141 EVAR). After exclusion of elective procedures and duplicates, 1 153 EVAR (570 EMG and 583 URG) and 1 245 OSR (946 EMG and 299 URG) non-elective cases remained for the analysis. Crude mortality was 24.0% following OSR (EMG 29.2%; URG 7.7%) and 7.5% following EVAR (EMG 12.6%; URG 2.4%). Univariable analysis demonstrated an association between OSR mortality and hospital volume (quintile [Q] 1: 25.3%, Q2: 27.8%, Q3: 23.9%, Q4: 27.0%, Q5: 16.2%; p = .030), but not surgeon (Q1: 25.2%, Q2: 27.4%, Q3: 26.0%, Q4: 21.4%, Q5: 19.5%, p = .32). Multivariable analysis confirmed this association (odds ratio (OR) [95% CI]; Q1 vs 5: 1.91 [1.13-3.21], Q2 vs. 5: 2.01[1.24-3.25], Q3 vs. 5: 1.41 [0.86-2.29], Q4 vs. 5: 1.92 [1.17-3.15]; p = .020). The difference was most pronounced in the EMG OSR group [Q1 - 3 vs. 4-5] (OR 1.63 [1.07-2.48]; p = .020). Mortality after EVAR was not associated with either hospital (Q1: 6.3%, Q2: 10%, Q3: 6.8%, Q4: 4.5%, Q5: 10%; p = .14) or surgeon volume (Q1: 9.3%, Q2: 5.7%, Q3: 8.1%, Q4: 7.0%, Q5: 7.3%; p = .67). CONCLUSION: There is an inverse correlation between hospital volume and peri-operative mortality following EMG open repair of aortic aneurysm. These data support restructuring Australian pathways of care to direct suspected ruptured aneurysm to institutions that reach a minimum volume threshold.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Hospitais com Baixo Volume de Atendimentos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Cirurgiões , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Carga de Trabalho , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/mortalidade , Austrália/epidemiologia , Competência Clínica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Emergências , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Auditoria Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade
9.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(3): 356-364, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long term results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and ectatic common iliac arteries (CIAs). METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database in two high volume centres, patients with AAAs undergoing elective standard EVAR were divided into two groups: those with both CIA diameters <18 mm, and those with at least one ectatic iliac artery (CIA ≥ 18 mm). Patients with an intentional external iliac artery landing zone were excluded. Primary outcomes were survival and freedom from re-intervention. Secondary end points were EVAR failure and iliac related endoleak and iliac re-intervention. RESULTS: From 2000 to 2015, 648 patients were included in the study, 277 (43%) had at least one CIA ≥ 18 mm. Pre-operative risk factors were similar between the two groups, with the exception of chronic renal insufficiency (p = .010) and cerebrovascular events (p = .040), which were higher in the ectatic CIA group. At 30 days from primary procedure, there was a higher rate of type Ib endoleak in patients with ectatic iliacs (p = .020). A statistically significant increase in the incidence of late type Ib endoleak in patients with ectatic iliac arteries was confirmed at a mean follow up of 74.8 months (p = .01). The need for iliac related re-intervention was higher in patients with CIAs ≥18 mm (odds ratio 1.94; 95% confidence interval 1.1-3.2). CONCLUSION: Ectatic iliac arteries are considered suitable landing zones for EVAR, although there is an increased risk of secondary interventions in time mainly due to late CIA dilation and secondary type Ib endoleak. Patients receiving EVAR with flared iliac limbs may benefit a more intensive surveillance to avoid late failures.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Ilíaco/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Dilatação Patológica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Ilíaco/mortalidade , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(5): 818-825, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32580623

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare and contrast the midterm outcomes of the E-liac and Zenith (ZBIS) iliac branch devices (IBDs) for the preservation of the internal iliac artery (IIA) in aneurysms involving the iliac bifurcation. Materials and Methods: Between January 2014 and December 2018, 84 consecutive patients (median age 74 years; 76 men) were electively treated with the E-liac (n=44) or ZBIS (n=40) IBDs and were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the technical success, patency, need for reintervention, and mortality associated with these devices. Results: Technical success was achieved in 95 of 99 implantations (95.9%) without any statistically significant difference between the groups (93.7% vs 98.0%, p=0.114). During the first 30 days, 3 occlusions in the ZBIS group and 1 in the E-liac group were identified. There was 1 perioperative death in the ZBIS group. The median follow-up was 37 months for the ZBIS group and 28 months for the E-liac group (p=0.657). Six patients from the ZBIS group and 7 from the E-liac group were lost to follow-up. Among the remaining, there were 2 further deaths recorded, 1 in each group. Four further reinterventions in the E-liac group and 2 in the ZBIS group were performed during follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier estimates of freedom from reintervention were 87.2% (95% CI 82.6% to 90.2%) for the ZBIS group and at 86.0% (95% CI 83.7% to 89.1%) for the E-liac group (p=0.563); the freedom from occlusion estimates were 89.7% (95% CI 85.8% to 94.5%) and 95.3% (95% CI 92% to 98.7%; p=0.317), respectively. Conclusion: The E-liac and the ZBIS IBDs showed equally high technical success, midterm patency, and low reintervention rates.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Aneurisma Ilíaco/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Ilíaco/mortalidade , Aneurisma Ilíaco/fisiopatologia , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
11.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(3): 428-435, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517557

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the long-term outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) from a single center over an 11-year period. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 121 patients (median age 78 years; 100 men) with rAAA who underwent emergency EVAR at a single tertiary vascular center from January 2006 to December 2016. The study included only ruptures confirmed by evidence of hematoma on preoperative computed tomography; both iliac and aortic aneurysm ruptures were eligible. The primary outcome measures included mortality and reintervention rates. Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival and freedom from reintervention are reported with the 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: In-hospital and 30-day mortality rates for emergency EVAR were 16.5%; 90-day mortality was 24.0%. The mortality estimates were 27.3% (95% CI 20% to 36%) at 1 year and 61.7% (95% CI 51% to 72%) at 5 years. In the observation period to 2017, 63 reinterventions were performed on 37 patients (30.6%). Median time to the first reintervention was 3.2 years. Freedom from reintervention in surviving patients at 1 year was 86% (95% CI 72% to 94%) and 51% (95% CI 26% to 71%) at 5 years. Four patients (3.3%) had a secondary sac rupture over the study period. Conclusion: Emergency EVAR for ruptured AAA can be performed with acceptable short-term outcomes; however, long-term surveillance is necessary, and reintervention is common.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/mortalidade , Ruptura Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
12.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(3): 462-467, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517558

RESUMO

Purpose: To report outcomes of elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using the Anaconda stent-graft in a tertiary vascular center. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted of 271 patients (mean age 71.5 years; 260 men) who underwent elective EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm using the Anaconda stent-graft from January 2006 to January 2017. Median aneurysm diameter was 58 mm (range 50-90). All patients were anatomically suitable for EVAR according to the 2003 version of the instructions for use. Follow-up included computed tomography angiography at 1, 6, and 12 months and yearly thereafter for the first 4 years and then every 2 years. Primary outcomes included technical success and 30-day aneurysm-related mortality and complications; secondary outcomes were overall and aneurysm-related mortality and aneurysm-related morbidity in follow-up. Results: The Anaconda stent-graft was implanted successfully in all patients. Primary and secondary technical success rates were 99.6% and 100%, respectively. Three patients (1.1%) died within 30 days of causes unrelated to the aneurysm, while 15 patients (5.5%) suffered perioperative complications. Median follow-up was 72 months (range 14-141). The overall type I endoleak rate was 4.7% (11 proximal, 2 distal). Late aneurysm-related complications were observed in 48 patients (17.3%); aneurysm-related mortality was 1.4% (n=4). Non-aneurysm-related mortality was 21.0% (n=57). Freedom from reintervention was 95.2% at 1 year, 98% at 2 years, and 90% at 6 years. There was no significant difference in the overall limb graft occlusion rate between the second- and third-generation devices. Conclusion: Results in our cohort study demonstrate that the Anaconda stent-graft has satisfactory early and late results with low aneurysm-related mortality.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Idoso , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Desenho de Prótese , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Surg Today ; 50(11): 1461-1470, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542413

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The long-term outcomes of surgery followed by delirium after multimodal prehabilitation program are largely unknown. We conducted this study to assess the effects of prehabilitation on 1-year mortality and of postoperative delirium on 1-year mortality and functional outcomes. METHODS: The subjects of this study were patients aged ≥ 70 years who underwent elective surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) or colorectal cancer (CRC) between January 2013, and June 2018. A prehabilitation program was implemented in November 2015, which aimed to optimize physical health, nutritional status, factors of frailty and preoperative anemia prior to surgery. The outcomes were assessed as mortality after 6 and 12 months, compared between the two treatment groups; and mortality and functional outcomes, compared between patients with and those without delirium. RESULTS: There were 627 patients (controls N = 360, prehabilitation N = 267) included in this study. Prehabilitation did not reduce mortality after 1 year (HR 1.31 [95% CI 0.75-2.30]; p = 0.34). Delirium was significantly associated with 1-year mortality (HR 4.36 [95% CI 2.45-7.75]; p < 0.001) and with worse functional outcomes after 6 and 12 months (KATZ ADL p = 0.013 and p = 0.004; TUG test p = 0.041 and p = 0.011, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The prehabilitation program did not reduce 1-year mortality. Delirium and the burden of comorbidity are both independently associated with an increased risk of 1-year mortality and delirium is associated with worse functional outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Dutch Trial Registration, NTR5932. https://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=5932 .


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Delírio/reabilitação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/reabilitação , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Reabilitação Psiquiátrica/métodos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Terapia Combinada , Delírio/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(5): 836-844, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436808

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess periprocedural results and secondary endovascular procedure outcomes over 5 years in patients aged ≥80 vs <80 years undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Endurant Stent Graft Natural Selection Global post-market registry (ENGAGE) were used for the analyses. A total of 1263 consecutive patients were enrolled in the prospective, observational, single-arm registry and divided into 2 groups according to age: ≥80 years (290, 22.9%) and <80 years (973, 77.1%). Baseline patient characteristics, risk scores according to the Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) reporting standards, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, quality of life assessments [EuroQol 5 (EQ5D) index], and treatment outcomes, including all-cause mortality, aneurysm-related mortality, major adverse events, secondary endovascular procedures, and endoleaks were compared between groups. RESULTS: Octogenarians were classified into the highest category of the SVS risk stratification system; however, this did not result in a significant difference in the 30-day mortality [1.4% (4/290) vs 1.2% (12/973) for controls; p=0.85] or major adverse event rates [5.2% (15/290) vs 3.6% (35/973), p=0.23]. Multivariable analysis confirmed that age ≥80 years, pulmonary disease, large aneurysm diameter, and renal insufficiency were significantly associated with all-cause mortality, whereas diameter was the only parameter associated with increased aneurysm-related mortality. The differences in freedom from secondary endovascular procedures over 5 years between octogenarians and controls did not reach statistical significance (88.5% vs 83.2%, p=0.07). CONCLUSION: EVAR can be performed in individuals aged ≥80 years with no statistically significant difference in midterm aneurysm-related deaths compared with younger patients. The findings in this elderly patient cohort show that EVAR can be safely performed with acceptable morbidity rates in octogenarians.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 34-43, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluates 30-day mortality after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) versus open repair for ruptured complex abdominal aortic aneurysms (cAAAs), including juxtarenal, pararenal, suprarenal, and extent IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) in a real-world setting. METHODS: The Targeted Vascular Module from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program was queried to identify patients undergoing repair for ruptured cAAA from 2011 to 2017. Primary endpoint was 30-day mortality. Secondary endpoints included renal failure, pulmonary complications, ischemic colitis, cardiac complications, lower extremity ischemia, post-operative rupture, and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS). EVAR and open repair were compared using inverse probability weights. RESULTS: Four hundred forty-six patients had a ruptured cAAA repair during the study years; 105 (23.7%) were repaired via EVAR and 338 (76.3%) received open repair. The distribution by aneurysm type was as follows: 253 juxtarenal (57.1%), 59 pararenal (13.3%), and 100 suprarenal (22.6%) AAA with 31 type IV TAAA (7.0%). Juxtarenal aneurysms were more likely to be performed open than EVAR (P < 0.001) and pararenal were more likely to be performed endovascularly (P < 0.001). There was no significant change in the proportion of EVAR versus open repair in the years evaluated (P = 0.16). Hemodynamic stability was nearly identical between the 2 groups, with 49.5% of the EVAR cohort suffering from preoperative hypotension or requiring vasopressors compared to 49.1% in the open surgical cohort (P = 1.0). No significant difference in death existed based on proximal aneurysmal extent (P = 0.42). Death within 30 days occurred in 135 (30.5%) of the total cohort with 25 (23.8%) deaths in the EVAR cohort and 110 (32.5%) deaths in the open cohort. The EVAR group suffered a 20.0% rate of postoperative renal failure requiring dialysis compared to 18.6% of the open cohort (P = 0.78). Pulmonary complications were more common after open repair (40.5% vs. 25.0%, P = 0.004). After propensity weighting and weighted logistic regression, the open cohort had 1.75 times the odds of death compared to the EVAR cohort (AOR: 1.8, 95% CI: 0.9-2.8; P = 0.06). There was no association between repair type and postoperative renal failure. Open repair was associated with greater odds of pulmonary complications, ischemic colitis, and longer ICU stays in survivors. CONCLUSIONS: Mortality after repair for ruptured cAAA is high; and treatment with EVAR may trend toward early survival advantage. Rates of renal failure were similar between each cohort. Open repair is associated with higher rates of pulmonary complications, ischemic colitis, and longer ICU stays.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/mortalidade , Ruptura Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 310-315, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS) was a widespread technology to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm. However, the particular morphology and structure of this endoprosthesis predisposed to proximal sealing defects with a high rate of reintervention or conversion to open surgery treatments. The purpose of this article is to report our experience on late open conversion of Nellix device, compared with the previous reported experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2013 and February 2020, eight late open surgical conversions for endoleak (EL) were performed in our center: four of these were for EVAR. Four of these were EVAS devices required explantation and were included in the study. All excisions of infected abdominal aortic endograft were excluded. RESULTS: All patients were treated within the original instructions for use. Aorto-bi-iliac reconstruction was performed with a bifurcated Dacron graft in all the four cases. At 12 months Doppler ultrasonography follow-up, good results at short term with preserved primary patency and freedom of re-intervention in three cases were reported. Only one patient died 16 days after the procedure. Nevertheless, the endoprosthetic structure allows in three of our cases to clamp down the renal level, with a decrease of the time of lower limbs ischemia and greater safety of the open surgery repair procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The EVAS conversion is common, and a closer follow-up is required. The most recurrent open surgery indication is its migration and the EL type 1. The procedure is influenced by multiple comorbidities; emergency graft excision appears to increase morbidity and mortality, compared with elective surgical setting.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta , Endoleak/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Migração de Corpo Estranho/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/efeitos adversos , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/mortalidade , Remoção de Dispositivo , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Migração de Corpo Estranho/diagnóstico por imagem , Migração de Corpo Estranho/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Roma , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Vascular ; 28(6): 675-682, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396495

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Open repair is still the first choice for thoraco-abdominal and para-renal aortic aneurysms, but surgical treatment is burdened by significant morbidity and mortality, especially in urgent setting. Endovascular treatment by fenestrated or branched endografts is feasible and safe; but in urgent/emergent settings, custom-made endografts are hardly available in due time, and the repair with standard multibranched devices is still debated in cases with complex anatomy. Parallel grafting, on the other hand, which exploits covered stents to preserve patency of the visceral vessels, has been shown as a valuable option and can be performed in urgency, though some concerns still remain regarding its durability and complications. The purpose of this case series is to review the outcomes of all consecutive cases of complex aortic diseases treated with this technique in emergent/urgent setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cases of endovascular aortic repair of thoraco-abdominal and para-thoraco-abdominal performed in urgency or emergency from 2016 to June 2019 were retrospectively reviewed, recording clinical records, operative technique, primary technical success, and long-term outcomes. Each patient was followed-up by computed tomography angiography three months after the procedure and yearly thereafter. RESULTS: Twenty consecutive patients (median age: 68, range: 47-89, male/female ratio: 16:4) affected by para-thoraco-abdominal (12) or thoraco-abdominal (8) were treated in urgent or emergent setting by chimney and/or periscope technique. A total number of 37 visceral vessels were stented (29 renal arteries, 1 polar artery of the kidney, 3 superior mesenteric arteries, and 4 coeliac trunks). Primary technical success was 100%, with one perioperative death. One patient died on post-operative month III for unrelated cause. Two type II endoleaks were detected at the first post-operative imaging studies and were managed conservatively. One type IB endoleak was treated by endovascular repair with a custom-made endograft (overall re-intervention rate: 5%). Over a median 22 months follow-up (range: 4-40, interquartile range: 12 months), all stentgrafts were patent. CONCLUSION: Parallel graft is a feasible and safe option that should be considered in urgent and emergent treatment of para-thoraco-abdominal and thoraco-abdominal, when fenestrated and branched endografts cannot be used.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Vascular ; 28(6): 683-691, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32408856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm with severe infrarenal neck angle (>60°) has long been thought to be an obstacle to endovascular aneurysm repair. However, some previous studies reported endovascular aneurysm repair to be safe and efficacious for treating abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients with severe neck angulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the early and late outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm compared between patients with severe and non-severe infrarenal neck angulation. METHODS: Fifty-four severe and 144 non-severe neck angulation patients who were treated at Siriraj Hospital (Bangkok, Thailand) during January 2010-October 2013 were recruited. The primary endpoints were intraoperative neck complications (e.g., type 1A endoleak or proximal graft migration) and immediate adjunct aortic neck procedures. The secondary endpoints included perioperative mortality, overall survival, and the proportion of patients that were reintervention-free at five years compared between the severe and non-severe groups. RESULTS: Severe angulation patients were significantly older than non-severe angulation patients (77 ± 6.3 vs. 74 ± 7.9 years; p = 0.021). The median proximal angle was significantly greater in the severe group (82° vs. 13.5°; p < 0.001). Intraoperative proximal neck complications developed in 29.6% of patients in the severe angulation group compared with 9.0% in the non-severe group (p < 0.001). Significantly more patients in the severe group required intraoperative adjunct procedures (29.6% vs. 7.6%; p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in perioperative mortality between groups. At the five-year follow-up, there was no significant difference between groups for overall survival or the proportion of patients that remained reintervention-free. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular aneurysm repair to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients with severe proximal neck angulation is technically feasible and safe Although the severe angulation group had a higher rate of intraoperative neck complications and immediate adjunct neck procedures than the non-severe group, there was no significant difference between groups for 30-day mortality, overall survival or the proportion of patients who remained reintervention-free at five years.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Migração de Corpo Estranho/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 67: 354-369, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prevalence of obesity in the United States is increasing. The impact of obesity on outcomes after endovascular and open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is largely unknown. The purpose of this analysis was to compare the postoperative outcomes between obese and nonobese patients after these operations. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database from years 2013-2015 was analyzed. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables were compared between obese and nonobese patient groups. Then obese and nonobese patients were divided into 2 groups each, based on the type of surgery (endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR) versus. open AAA repair), and the outcomes were compared. Then multivariant analysis was used to compare impact of operative modality on outcomes for obese and nonobese patients. RESULTS: A total of 6,859 patients (men 80%, women 20%) underwent surgical procedures for AAA during this time period. Among these patients, 2,218 (32.3%) had body mass index (BMI) ≥30, and 4,641 (67.7%) had BMI <30. Obese patients were less likely to be > 80 years old, women, nonwhites, and smokers. Obese patients had lower mortality and higher risk of deep wound infections after surgery (P < 0.05). Among the obese patients, 83.1% underwent EVAR and 16.9% underwent open AAA repair; patients undergoing EVAR had shorter operative times, shorter length of hospital stays, and mortality (P < 0.05). Among nonobese patients, 81% underwent EVAR and 19% underwent open AAA repair. Patients undergoing EVAR had shorter duration of operation, length of hospital stay, and mortality (P < 0.05). Overall, mortality was the highest among nonobese patients undergoing open AAA repair (odds ratio (OR) 0.66, confidence interval (CI) 0.44-0.99, P < 0.05). Incidence of deep wound infections was the highest among obese patients undergoing open AAA repair (OR 4.3, CI: 1.2-14.6, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Nonobese patients have high mortality after open AAA repair, and obese patients have higher incidence of deep wound infections after open AAA repair. For patients deemed appropriate anatomic candidates, EVAR should be preferred for nonobese patients to improve mortality and for obese patients to reduce the incidence of deep wound infections.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Índice de Massa Corporal , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/mortalidade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 67: 503-510, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to explore the effects of statin therapy with the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) growth rate and mortality. METHODS: Databases of PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid, Wanfang, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were investigated for eligible literatures from their establishments to May 2019. Included studies were selected according to precise eligibility criteria. Statistical analysis was performed by RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: Fourteen studies with a total of 38,749 patients of whom 15,993 underwent statins treatment and 22,756 underwent placebo or conventional therapy were eligible for meta-analysis. The pooled results indicated that the statin use was related to a significantly lower AAA growth rate (mean difference = -1.5 mm/year, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -1.99 to -1.02, P < 0.00001). In addition, statins can significantly reduce the short-term mortality (in-hospital or 30 days) (odds ratio = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.56-0.7, P < 0.00001) and long-term mortality (1 year after surgery) after AAA repair (odds ratio = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.61-0.74, P < 0.00001). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis revealed that statin therapy can reduce the risks of AAA growth rates and mortality. However, due to its significant heterogeneity in the included studies, the consequence should be understood with caution.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Proteção , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA