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1.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 27(1): 151-157, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825742

RESUMO

AIM: To assess in-hospital outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with acute coronary syndrome, depending on the presence or absence of myocardial infarction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over the period from 2017 to 2018 within the framework of a single-centre register, the study enrolled a total of 166 consecutive patients admitted with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome and subjected to coronary artery bypass grafting. Depending on the outcome of acute coronary syndrome, the patients were divided into 2 groups: Group One included 98 (59%) patients with unstable angina pectoris and Group Two comprised 68 (41%) patients with myocardial infarction, who underwent surgery at an average of 16 (11; 20) days after manifestation of the clinical signs of myocardial infarction. The endpoints of the study were major adverse cardiovascular events during the in-hospital period: death, myocardial infarction, acute cerebral circulation impairment/transitory ischaemic attack, repeat revascularization, septic complications, multiple organ failure syndrome, wound infectious complications, requirement for repeated surgical debridement, remediastinotomy due to haemorrhage, the frequency of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and renal replacement therapy. RESULTS: The mortality rate in the compared groups was similar: 3% (n=3) and 3% (n=2), respectively. Perioperative myocardial infarction occurred in 1 (1%) patient of the first group, with no cases of this complication observed in the second group. The frequency of reoperations due to haemorrhage in the early postoperative period in the group of unstable angina pectoris amounted to 3% (n=3) and was associated with administration of dual antithrombotic therapy, with no cases of this complication in the group of myocardial infarction. Wound complication in the second group were observed in 7.6% (n=5) and in the first group in 4% (n=4) (p=0.33). The differences turned out to be statistically insignificant for such postoperative complications as multiple organ failure syndrome, requirement for repeated surgical debridement, renal replacement therapy, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The residual SYNTAX Score in the group of myocardial infarction amounted to 2.3±2.8, whereas in the group of unstable angina pectoris to 2.3±3, thus suggesting complete revascularization in the total sample of patients with acute coronary syndrome. The average length of hospital stay (including the postoperative period) in the first group amounted to 26.3±6.6 days and in the second group to 27.4±7.2 days (p=0.53). The postoperative bed-day in the group with unstable angina pectoris was 12.6±3.2 and in the myocardial infarction group - 14.9±5.3 (p=0.06). CONCLUSION: The obtained in-hospital outcomes suggest that coronary artery bypass grafting may be an efficient and safe method of complete revascularization for patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome, including that resulting in myocardial infarction, performed averagely on day 16 (11; 20) after the onset of clinical manifestations of myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Infarto do Miocárdio , Angina Instável/complicações , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Hospitais , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico
2.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 26(4): 132-140, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332315

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the perioperative clinical, demographic and anatomo-angiographic factors in patients presenting with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome and being candidates for coronary artery bypass grafting, depending on the presence or absence of myocardial infarction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over the period from 2017 to 2018 within the framework of a single-centre register, the study enrolled a total of 166 consecutive patients admitted with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome and recommended by the cardiosurgical team to undergo coronary artery bypass grafting. Depending on the outcome of acute coronary syndrome, the patients were divided into 2 groups: Group One included 98 (59%) patients with unstable angina pectoris and Group Two comprised 68 (41%) patients with myocardial infarction. A lethal outcome occurred in 2 (3%) Group Two patients prior to revascularization, hence they were not included into the analysis comparing the results of surgery in both groups, however these data were taken into consideration, being analysed separately. RESULTS: The group of patients with myocardial infarction appeared to include significantly more female patients (20 (30.3%) versus 15 (15.3%) in the group of patients with unstable angina pectoris, p=0.02). However, by such parameters as the average age, left ventricular ejection fraction, and the frequency of diabetes mellitus the compared groups did not differ. The group with myocardial infarction was characterised by a severe clinico-angiographic status: more frequently encountered was stage II obesity (3%, n=3 in the first group and 10.6% n=7 in the second group, p=0.04). On the whole, the majority of patients were at intermediate and high risk (44.7% in the group with unstable angina pectoris versus 81.8% in the group of myocardial infarction, p<0.05). Group Two patients significantly more often presented with three-vessel lesions of the coronary bed (40 (40.8%) and 39 (59%), p=0.02). The level of low-density lipoproteins appeared to be significantly higher in patients with myocardial infarction (3.3±1 mmol/l and 2.9±0.9, p=0.04). In the same group more often encountered were peripheral artery lesions (28 (21%) and 12 (11.3%), p=0.04). In its turn, in the group of unstable angina pectoris, there were significantly more patients having received dual antithrombotic therapy prior to surgery (44 (44.9%) and 17 (25%), p=0.01). Approximately half of the patients in the first group (53%, n=52) had a history of myocardial infarction (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: The obtained findings suggested that amongst the patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome resulting in myocardial infarction prevailing were those of female gender, with obesity, as a consequence, hyperholesterolaemia and triple-vessel disease. At the same time, postinfarction cardiosclerosis, renal dysfunction, and haemodynamically significant lesions of lower-extremity arteries were encountered in the group of unstable angina pectoris.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Angina Instável/complicações , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Volume Sistólico
3.
Angiology ; 71(10): 903-908, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677445

RESUMO

In patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) or non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), long-term mortality remains high despite improvements in the diagnosis and treatment. In this study, we investigated whether serum albumin level is a useful predictor of long-term mortality in patients with UAP/NSTEMI. Consecutive patients (n = 403) who were hospitalized with a diagnosis of UAP/NSTEMI were included in the study. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the presence of hypoalbuminemia and the relationship between hypoalbuminemia and mortality was analyzed. Hypoalbuminemia was detected in 34% of the patients. The median follow-up period was 35 months (up to 45 months). Long-term mortality rate was 32% in the hypoalbuminemia group and 8.6% in the group with normal serum albumin levels (P < .001). On multivariate analysis, hypoalbuminemia, decreased left ventricular ejection fraction, and increased age were found to be independent predictors of mortality (P < .05). The cutoff value of 3.10 g/dL for serum albumin predicted mortality with a sensitivity of 74% and specificity of 67% (receiver-operating characteristic area under curve: 0.753, 95% CI: 0.685-0.822). All-cause long-term mortality rates were significantly increased in patients with hypoalbuminemia. On-admission albumin level was an independent predictor of mortality in patients with UAP/NSTEMI.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Angina Instável/sangue , Angina Instável/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipoalbuminemia/diagnóstico , Hipoalbuminemia/etiologia , Hipoalbuminemia/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 253, 2020 05 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32460698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: The TCR repertoires of 9 unstable angina patients (UA), 14 acute myocardial infarction patients (AMI) and 9 normal coronary artery (NCA) patients were profiled using high-throughput sequencing (HTS). The clonal diversity of the TCR repertoires in different groups was analyzed, as well as the frequencies of variable (V), diversity (D) and joining(J) gene segments. RESULTS: ACS patients including UA and AMI, showed reduced TCRß diversity than NCA patients. ACS patients presented higher levels of clonal expansion. The clonotype overlap of complementarity determining region 3(CDR3) was significantly varied between different groups. A total of 10 V genes and 1 J gene were differently utilized between ACS and NCA patients. We identified some shared CDR3 amino acid sequences that were presented in ACS but not in NCA patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed the distinct TCR repertoires in patients with ACS and demonstrated the presence of disease associated T-cell clonotypes. These findings suggested a role of T cells in ACS and provided a new way to explore the mechanisms of ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/genética , Angina Instável/genética , Genes Codificadores dos Receptores de Linfócitos T , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/imunologia , Idoso , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Regiões Determinantes de Complementaridade/genética , Feminino , Genes Codificadores da Cadeia beta de Receptores de Linfócitos T/genética , Humanos , Região Variável de Imunoglobulina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/imunologia
5.
J Vasc Res ; 57(3): 136-142, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224624

RESUMO

Acute coronary syndrome occurs when the heart muscle does not receive adequate oxygen and nutrients in a timely manner. Acute coronary syndromes are primarily due to atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, i.e., coronary heart disease. Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesised from L-arginine in endothelial cells by the constitutive calcium-calmodulin-dependent enzyme, nitric oxide synthase (NOS), which mediates endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is predominantly expressed in endothelial cells. Three NOS isoforms have been detected in different tissue: (1) neuronal NOS (nNOS) (NOS1), (2) eNOS (NOS2), and (3) inducible NOS (iNOS) (NOS3). These isoforms are encoded by three different genes. NOS3 is located on chromosome 7q35-36 and contains 26 exons. Previous studies have suggested that NOS3 polymorphisms may be associated with acute coronary syndromes. Therefore, the aim of the study was to examine the associations between NOS3 rs1799983 (894G/T)andrs2070744 (-786T/C) polymorphisms and unstable angina. This study included 246 patients with unstable angina, as confirmed by coronary angiography. We also included 189 healthy controls who were also assessed by this technique. There were no significant differences in genotype distributions of NOS3 rs1799983and rs2070744 polymorphisms in patients with unstable angina and healthy controls in both univariate and multivariate analyses. In patients with the NOS3 rs1799983 TT genotype, we observed a higher BMI (TT vs. GT + GG, p = 0.068), and in patients with the NOS3 rs2070744 TT genotype, we observed a higher waist circumference (TT vs. TC + CC, p = 0.023; TT vs. CC, p = 0.0053). These data suggest a lack of association between the NOS3 rs1799983andrs2070744 polymorphisms and unstable angina in our patient population. However, these polymorphisms may be associated with some obesity parameters, rs1799983 in females and rs2070744 in males.


Assuntos
Angina Instável/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/enzimologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/enzimologia , Obesidade/genética , Fenótipo , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura/genética
6.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 44(2): 88-95, mar. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-188657

RESUMO

Objetivo: Los objetivos del estudio son evaluar el rendimiento diagnóstico de la troponina cardiaca T de alta sensibilidad (TnTc-hs) en pacientes con sospecha de síndrome coronario agudo sin elevación del segmento ST (SCASEST), confirmar si permite acortar el tiempo hasta el diagnóstico y analizar las consecuencias clínicas derivadas de su utilización. Método: Se trata de un estudio observacional, longitudinal y prospectivo, realizado en 5 servicios de urgencias hospitalarias. Se incluyó de forma consecutiva a los pacientes que acudían por dolor torácico sospechoso de SCASEST. El manejo del paciente y el tratamiento aplicado siguieron los protocolos internos basados en las guías de consenso de la Sociedad Europea de Cardiología. Se realizaron determinaciones seriadas de Tnc convencional (4ªG) y de TnTc-hs. Resultados: Se incluyó en el estudio a 351 pacientes. El diagnóstico final de infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM) se estableció en 77 pacientes del total, angina inestable en 102 y 172 fueron pacientes diagnosticados como sin síndrome coronario agudo. Los valores de TnTc-hs estaban por encima del p99 en un alto número de pacientes sin IAM. En la determinación inicial del paciente, la sensibilidad diagnóstica de la TnTc-hs fue significativamente superior a la de la TnTc 4ªG (87,0 vs. 42,9%), lo que comportó un valor predictivo negativo del 95,1%. Conclusiones: La TnTc-hs mejora el rendimiento diagnóstico al compararla con el ensayo de Tnc convencional, acorta el tiempo hasta el diagnóstico y reconoce mayor número de pacientes con IAM más pequeños


Objective: To assess the diagnostic performance of high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) in patients with suspected non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS); confirm whether it shortens the time to diagnosis; and analyze the clinical consequences derived from its use. Method: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was carried out in 5 emergency care departments. Patients seen for chest pain with suspected of NSTE-ACS were consecutively included. Patient care followed the internal protocols of the center, based on the consensus guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology. Serial conventional cardiac troponin (cTn) and hs-TnT determinations were made. Results: A total of 351 patients were included in the study. A final diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was established in 77 patients, with unstable angina in 102, and no acute coronary syndrome in 172 patients. The hs-TnT values were above percentile 99% in a large number of patients without AMI. In the initial determination, the diagnostic sensitivity of the hs-TnT was significantly greater than that of cTn (87.0% vs. 42.9%), which led to a negative predictive value of 95.1%. Conclusions: High-sensitivity troponin T improves diagnostic performance compared with conventional troponin assay, shortens the time to diagnosis, and identifies a larger number of patients with smaller myocardial infarctions


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Troponina T/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco
7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(8): 938-950, 2020 04 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to address a knowledge gap by examining the incidence, timing, and predictors of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in Medicare beneficiaries. BACKGROUND: Evidence about incidence and outcomes of ACS after TAVR is scarce. METHODS: We identified Medicare patients who underwent TAVR from 2012 to 2017 and were admitted with ACS during follow-up. We compared outcomes based on the type of ACS: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina. In patients with non-ST-segment elevation ACS, we compared outcomes based on the treatment strategy (invasive vs. conservative) using inverse probability weighting analysis. RESULTS: Out of 142,845 patients with TAVR, 6,741 patients (4.7%) were admitted with ACS after a median time of 297 days (interquartile range: 85 to 662 days), with 48% of admissions occurring within 6 months. The most common presentation was NSTEMI. Predictors of ACS were history of coronary artery disease, prior revascularization, diabetes, valve-in-TAVR, and acute kidney injury. STEMI was associated with higher 30-day and 1-year mortality compared with NSTEMI (31.4% vs. 15.5% and 51.2% vs. 41.3%, respectively; p < 0.01). Overall, 30.3% of patients with non-ST-segment elevation ACS were treated with invasive approach. On inverse probability weighting analysis, invasive approach was associated with lower adjusted long-term mortality (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.69; 95% confidence interval: 0.66 to 0.73; p < 0.01) and higher risk of repeat revascularization (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.29; 95% confidence interval: 1.16 to 1.43; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: After TAVR, ACS is infrequent (<5%), and the most common presentation is NSTEMI. Occurrence of STEMI after TAVR is associated with a high mortality with nearly one-third of patients dying within 30 days. Optimization of care is needed for post-TAVR ACS patients and if feasible, invasive approach should be considered in these high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Angina Instável/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Medicare , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/mortalidade , Angina Instável/terapia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
8.
Clin Biochem ; 78: 10-17, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins (cTn) are essential in the diagnostic assessment of non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). Elevated concentrations of cTnT and cTnI predict cardiovascular events in non-acute settings, but the individual troponin isotype association with long-term mortality in patients with suspected unstable angina pectoris (UAP) is less clear. METHODS: Patients hospitalized with chest pain between June 2009 and December 2010 were included in the Akershus Cardiac Examination 3 Study and followed for median 6.6 (IQR 6.2-7.1) years. The index diagnosis was adjudicated by an independent committee as NSTE-myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), UAP or non-ACS. Blood samples were collected within 24 h of admission and analyzed with high sensitivity assays for cTnT (hs-cTnT, Roche) and cTnI (hs-cTnI, Singulex). RESULTS: Of 402 patients included, 74 (18%) were classified as NSTEMI, 88 (22%) UAP and 240 (60%) non-ACS. hs-cTnI concentrations were detectable in all patients (median 3 [IQR 1-11] ng/L), while hs-cTnT concentrations were above the level of blank in 205 (51%) (median 3 [IQR 3-16] ng/L). In patients with UAP, both log2-transformed hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI were associated with all-cause mortality in analyses that adjusted for other risk factors: HR 2.40 [95% CI 1.75-3.30], p < 0.001 and HR 1.44 [1.14-1.81], p = 0.002. There were no significant sex-dependent differences in the association between hs-cTnT or hs-cTnI and outcome. Time dependent receiver-operating characteristics area under the curve was 0.85 (95% CI 0.79-0.92) for hs-cTnT and 0.74 (0.64-0.84) for hs-cTnI, p = 0.008 for difference between values. CONCLUSIONS: Higher concentrations of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI were both associated with all-cause mortality in patients with UAP, but the association with outcome was stronger for hs-cTnT than for hs-cTnI.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angina Instável/sangue , Angina Instável/mortalidade , Biomarcadores/sangue , Análise Química do Sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Am J Med ; 133(8): 976-985, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compared with troponin T/I test, the introduction of a high-sensitive (hs) troponin test may result in a higher proportion of positive test results in patients with chest pain and over-testing in patients without acute coronary syndrome. We assessed the impact of the introduction of the hs-troponin assay on the discharge diagnoses and the number of diagnostic tests in patients presenting with chest pain in a real-life setting in an emergency department. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients presenting with chest pain to one of the largest hospitals in Switzerland. We compared the standard troponin period (December 2009 to November 2010) with the hs-troponin period (December 2010 to December 2011). RESULTS: Data from 1274 patients (standard 597 [46.9%], hs-troponin 677 [53.1%]) were analyzed. The proportion of patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction increased (hs-troponin 14.9%, compared with 9.7%); the proportion in unstable angina (1.5% to 4.0%) and other cardiac illnesses (8.1% to 11.7%) decreased. Although the proportion of noncardiac chest pain illnesses (67%) remained unchanged, the proportion of positive hs-troponin was higher (6.1% vs 2.0%). The average number of additional tests/person decreased in troponin-positive patients (2.0 to 1.7 test per patient; P = .02) and troponin-negative patients (3.1 to 2.8 tests; P < .0001). CONCLUSION: Although the introduction of the hs-troponin test resulted in a higher proportion of positive hs-troponin tests in patients with noncardiac chest pain, the average number of diagnostic tests decreased in patients with chest pain presenting to an emergency department, indicating an increased confidence of clinicians in their diagnosis.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Angina Instável/sangue , Análise Química do Sangue/métodos , Dor no Peito/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Angiografia Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Ecocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Teste de Esforço/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suíça , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(2): e008620, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scarce data exist on coronary events following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), and no study has determined the factors associated with poorer outcomes in this setting. This study sought to determine the clinical characteristics, outcomes, and prognostic factors of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events following TAVR. METHODS: Multicenter cohort study including a total of 270 patients presenting an ACS after a median time of 12 (interquartile range, 5-17) months post-TAVR. Post-ACS death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and overall major adverse cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events were recorded. RESULTS: The ACS clinical presentation consisted of non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) type 2 (31.9%), non-STEMI type 1 (31.5%), unstable angina (28.5%), and STEMI (8.1%). An invasive strategy was used in 163 patients (60.4%), and a percutaneous coronary intervention was performed in 97 patients (35.9%). Coronary access issues were observed in 2.5% and 2.1% of coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention procedures, respectively. The in-hospital mortality rate was 10.0%, and at a median follow-up of 17 (interquartile range, 5-32) months, the rates of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, and major adverse cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events were 43.0%, 4.1%, 15.2%, and 52.6%, respectively. By multivariable analysis, revascularization at ACS time was associated with a reduction of the risk of all-cause death (hazard ratio, 0.54 [95% CI, 0.36-0.81] P=0.003), whereas STEMI increased the risk of all-cause death (hazard ratio, 2.06 [95% CI, 1.05-4.03] P=0.036) and major adverse cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events (hazard ratio, 1.97 [95% CI, 1.08-3.57] P=0.026). CONCLUSIONS: ACS events in TAVR recipients exhibited specific characteristics (ACS presentation, low use of invasive procedures, coronary access issues) and were associated with a poor prognosis, with a very high in-hospital and late death rate. STEMI and the lack of coronary revascularization determined an increased risk. These results should inform future studies to improve both the prevention and management of ACS post-TAVR.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Angina Instável/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/mortalidade , Angina Instável/terapia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Diabetes Care ; 43(2): 453-459, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Prevalence and prognostic impact of cardiovascular disease differ between patients with or without diabetes. We aimed to explore differences in the prevalence and prognosis of myocardial ischemia by automated quantification of total perfusion deficit (TPD) among patients with and without diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Of 20,418 individuals who underwent single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging, 2,951 patients with diabetes were matched to 2,951 patients without diabetes based on risk factors using propensity score. TPD was categorized as TPD = 0%, 0% < TPD < 1%, 1% ≤ TPD < 5%, 5% ≤ TPD ≤ 10%, and TPD >10%. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or late revascularization. RESULTS: MACE risk was increased in patients with diabetes compared with patients without diabetes at each level of TPD above 0 (P < 0.001 for interaction). In patients with TPD >10%, patients with diabetes had greater than twice the MACE risk compared with patients without diabetes (annualized MACE rate 9.4 [95% CI 6.7-11.6] and 3.9 [95% CI 2.8-5.6], respectively, P < 0.001). Patients with diabetes with even very minimal TPD (0% < TPD < 1%) experienced a higher risk for MACE than those with 0% TPD (hazard ratio 2.05 [95% CI 1.21-3.47], P = 0.007). Patients with diabetes with a TPD of 0.5% had a similar MACE risk as patients without diabetes with a TPD of 8%. CONCLUSIONS: For every level of TPD >0%, even a very minimal deficit of 0% < TPD < 1%, the MACE risk was higher in the patients with diabetes compared with patients without diabetes. Patients with diabetes with minimal ischemia had comparable MACE risk as patients without diabetes with significant ischemia.


Assuntos
Angiopatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Angiopatias Diabéticas/epidemiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/complicações , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Heart ; 106(3): 221-227, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672778

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recent studies in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have reported mixed results for trends in ACS subtypes. The All New Zealand Acute Coronary Syndrome Quality Improvement (ANZACS-QI) 31 study evaluated trends in ACS event rates, invasive management and mortality of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI) and unstable angina (UA) in New Zealand. METHODS: All ACS hospitalisations between 2006 and 2016 were identified from routinely collected national data and categorised into STEMI, NSTEMI, UA and MI unspecified (MIU). Annual hospitalisation, coronary procedure, 28-day and 1-year mortality rates were calculated and trends tested using Poisson regression adjusting for age and sex. RESULTS: Over the 11-year study period, there were 188 264 ACS admissions, of which 16.0% were STEMI, 54.5% NSTEMI, 25.7% UA and 3.8% MIU. Event rates of all ACS subtypes fell: STEMI by 3.4%/year, NSTEMI by 5.9%/year and UA by 8.5%/year, while the proportion of patients with ACS receiving angiography and revascularisation increased by 5.6% per year. Rates of percutaneous coronary intervention rose for STEMI, NSTEMI and UA, but coronary artery bypass grafting increased only for NSTEMI and UA. Mortality at 28 days and 1 year was higher for STEMI than NSTEMI and lowest for UA. There was a relative 1.6%/year decline in 1 year mortality for NSTEMI (p<0.001), but no significant change for STEMI and UA. CONCLUSIONS: We observed declines in the event rates of all ACS subtypes and increases in revascularisation rates. The finding that mortality declined in patients with NSTEMI, but not in patients with STEMI and UA, despite increases in invasive procedures, requires further investigation.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Angina Instável/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/mortalidade , Angina Instável/terapia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/tendências , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Prognóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
13.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 9(1): 52-61, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29543035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 2008, the German Cardiac Society certified 256 Chest Pain Units (CPUs). Little is known about adherence to recommended performance measures in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) presenting to CPUs. We investigated guideline-adherence regarding critical time intervals and selected performance measures in German Chest Pain Units. METHODS: From 2008 to 2014, 23,804 consecutive patients with suspected ACS were prospectively enrolled in the Chest Pain Unit registry of the German Cardiac Society. RESULTS: Median time from symptom onset to first medical contact was 2 h in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 4 h in patients with unstable angina and non-STEMI (NSTEMI). In patients with STEMI, median time from hospital admission to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was 40 min and median time from first medical contact to PCI was 1 h 35 min. Primary PCI was performed in 94.7% of patients with STEMI, 70.0% of patients with NSTEMI and 37.4% of patients with unstable angina. PCI was performed during the first 24 h in 79.5% of patients with NSTEMI and the first 72 h in 89.0% of patients with unstable angina. Electrocardiograms were performed in 99.5% after a median of 6 min after admission and obtained within 10 min in 71%. Interestingly, 56.1% of patients were found to have non-ACS diagnoses, underlining the importance of access to additional diagnostic modalities including echocardiography, stress testing or computed tomography. CONCLUSIONS: Guideline-adherence regarding critical time intervals and primary PCI rates is good in German Chest Pain Units. More than half of patients admitted with suspected ACS had non-ACS diagnoses. Improvements in pre-hospital time delays through public awareness programmes are warranted.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/ética , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Idoso , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/cirurgia , Eletrocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Teste de Esforço/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Ann Lab Med ; 40(1): 7-14, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rapid and accurate diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is critical for initiating effective treatment and achieving better prognosis. We investigated the performance of copeptin for early diagnosis of AMI, in comparison with creatine kinase myocardial band (CK-MB) and troponin I (TnI). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 271 patients presenting with chest pain (within six hours of onset), suggestive of acute coronary syndrome, at an emergency department (ED). Serum CK-MB, TnI, and copeptin levels were measured. The diagnostic performance of CK-MB, TnI, and copeptin, alone and in combination, for AMI was assessed by ROC curve analysis by comparing the area under the curve (AUC). Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of each marker were obtained, and the characteristics of each marker were analyzed. RESULTS: The patients were diagnosed as having ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI; N=43), non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI; N=25), unstable angina (N=78), or other diseases (N=125). AUC comparisons showed copeptin had significantly better diagnostic performance than TnI in patients with chest pain within two hours of onset (AMI: P=0.022, ≤1 hour; STEMI: P=0.017, ≤1 hour and P=0.010, ≤2 hours). In addition, TnI and copeptin in combination exhibited significantly better diagnostic performance than CK-MB plus TnI in AMI and STEMI patients. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of TnI and copeptin improves AMI diagnostic performance in patients with early-onset chest pain in an ED setting.


Assuntos
Glicopeptídeos/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Área Sob a Curva , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Diagnóstico Precoce , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30961517

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Risk stratification and prompt treatment are essential for the management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and prediction of future prognosis. Subclinical vascular inflammation and novel biomarkers play an important role in the clinical evaluation of ACS patients. METHODS: We enrolled patients who were admitted to emergency service with unstable angina or non- ST segment elevated ACS (NSTE-ACS) in the study population. Coronary artery disease (CAD) complexity was determined via evaluation of angiographical views and peripheral venous blood samples were collected to measure highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and soluble form of Lectin-like OxLDL receptor-1 (sLOX-1) levels. RESULTS: A total of 40 patients were enrolled in the study population, mean age was 65.1±13.8 years and male gender percentage was 52.5%. Twenty-nine of patients had NSTE-ACS and 11 patients had unstable angina presentation. The modified Gensini scores were higher for patients with elevated hs- CRP and sLOX-1 levels. CONCLUSION: Vascular inflammation displays the onset of ACS and it is related to more complex CAD in these patients. An increase in sLOX-1 expression is closely related to anatomical complexity of CAD in ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Angina Instável/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Receptores Depuradores Classe E/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Idoso , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Regulação para Cima
17.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 12(11): e005858, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In ODYSSEY OUTCOMES (Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcomes After an Acute Coronary Syndrome During Treatment With Alirocumab), alirocumab was compared with placebo, added to high-intensity or maximum tolerated statin treatment after acute coronary syndrome in 18 924 patients. Alirocumab reduced first occurrence of the primary composite end point-coronary heart disease death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, fatal or nonfatal ischemic stroke, or hospitalization for unstable angina-as well as total nonfatal cardiovascular events and all-cause deaths. The present analysis determined whether alirocumab reduced total (first and subsequent) hospitalizations and death and increased days alive and out of hospital (DAOH) and percent DAOH in ODYSSEY OUTCOMES. METHODS AND RESULTS: In prespecified analyses, hazard functions for total hospitalizations and death were jointly estimated by a semiparametric model, while in post hoc analyses, DAOH and percent DAOH were compared between treatment groups with Poisson regression and one-inflated beta regression, respectively. With 16 629 total hospitalizations and 726 deaths, 331 fewer hospitalizations, and 58 fewer deaths were observed with alirocumab compared with placebo, translating to 15.6 total hospitalizations or deaths avoided with alirocumab per 1000 patient-years of assigned treatment. Alirocumab reduced total hospitalizations (hazard ratio, 0.96 [95% CI, 0.92-1.00]; P=0.04) and increased DAOH relative to placebo (rate ratio, 1.003 [95% CI, 1.000-1.007]; P=0.05), primarily through a reduction in days dead (rate ratio, 0.847 [95% CI, 0.728-0.986]; P=0.03). Patients randomized to alirocumab were also more likely to survive to the end of the study without hospitalization (odds ratio, 1.06 [95% CI, 1.00-1.13]; P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Alirocumab reduced total hospitalizations with corresponding small increases in DAOH and percent DAOH. These outcomes provide alternative patient-centered metrics to capture the totality of alirocumab clinical efficacy after acute coronary syndrome. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01663402.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Angina Instável/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Dislipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Admissão do Paciente , Readmissão do Paciente , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Angina Instável/sangue , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/mortalidade , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticolesterolemiantes/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores/sangue , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Quimioterapia Combinada , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Dislipidemias/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Tex Heart Inst J ; 46(3): 161-166, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708695

RESUMO

In a time when cardiac troponin assays are widely used to detect myocardial injury, data remain scarce concerning the incidence and predictors of substantial obstructive coronary artery disease that causes unstable angina. This retrospective single-center study included consecutive patients hospitalized for unstable angina from January 2015 through January 2016. Patients with troponin I levels above the upper reference limit and those who did not undergo angiography were excluded. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of obstructive coronary artery disease that warranted revascularization and of major adverse cardiac events up to 6 months after discharge from the hospital. Of the 114 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 46 (40%) had obstructive coronary artery disease. In the univariate analysis, male sex, white race, history of coronary artery disease, prior revascularization, hyperlipidemia, chronic kidney disease, aspirin use, long-acting nitrate use, and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction score ≥3 were associated with obstructive coronary artery disease. History of coronary artery disease, prior revascularization, hyperlipidemia, and long-acting nitrate use were associated with major adverse cardiac events. Male sex was an independent predictor of obstructive coronary artery disease (adjusted odds ratio=4.82; 95% CI, 1.79-13; P=0.002) in the multivariate analysis. Our results showed that coronary artery disease warranting revascularization is present in a considerable proportion of patients who have unstable angina. The association that we found between male sex and obstructive coronary artery disease suggests that the risk stratification of patients presenting with unstable angina may need to be refined to improve outcomes.


Assuntos
Angina Instável/sangue , Oclusão Coronária/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Troponina/sangue , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/etiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/sangue , Oclusão Coronária/complicações , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Crit Pathw Cardiol ; 18(4): 167-175, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725507

RESUMO

Clinical pathways reinforce best practices and help healthcare institutions standardize care delivery. The NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center has used such a pathway for the management of patients with chest pain and acute coronary syndromes for almost 2 decades. A multidisciplinary panel of stakeholders serially updates the algorithm according to new data and recently published guidelines. Herein, we present the 2019 version of the clinical pathway. We explain the rationale for changes to the algorithm and describe our experience expanding the pathway to all the 8 affiliated institutions within the NewYork Presbyterian healthcare system.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Dor no Peito/terapia , Procedimentos Clínicos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/terapia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Angiografia Coronária , Eletrocardiografia , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Nitroglicerina/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Transferência de Pacientes , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Triagem , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico
20.
Biomark Med ; 13(17): 1459-1467, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596125

RESUMO

Aim: We investigated whether S100A4 level is associated with pathophysiology of unstable angina pectoris (UAP), and its potential prognostic value for subsequent cardiovascular events. Methods: We compared plasma levels of S100A4 and a set of clinical markers in three groups (59 with UAP, 32 with stable angina pectoris and 30 healthy controls). Results: S100A4 levels in patients with UAP were significantly elevated. In UAP group, baseline S100A4 levels were significantly higher in patients with subsequent cardiovascular events than those without, a positive correlation was identified between the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events and the plasma levels of S100A4. Conclusion: Elevated S100A4 levels may be involved in the pathogenesis of UAP, and may be a marker predictive of post-treatment cardiovascular events.


Assuntos
Angina Instável/sangue , Proteína A4 de Ligação a Cálcio da Família S100/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
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