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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17097, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517836

RESUMO

The relationship between preexisting atherosclerotic lesion characteristics and neointimal thickness after second-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) placement is still unknown. Thus, we evaluated that relationship using optical coherence tomography (OCT).A single-center, retrospective, observational study was conducted. Patients with stable angina or asymptomatic myocardial ischemia who received percutaneous coronary intervention for a de novo lesion using a second-generation DES under frequency domain OCT guidance and underwent follow-up coronary angiography (CAG) and OCT between December 2010 and December 2015 were included. The relationship between the neointimal thickness on the stent strut and the plaque characteristics was retrospectively evaluated using OCT immediately after stent implantation and at the time of follow-up CAG.We analyzed 3459 struts from 20 stents in 15 patients. The mean follow-up period was 264 days. In the follow-up study, no angiographic in-stent restenosis was found. Of the 3459 struts, 3315 (95.8%) were covered with neointima. The median neointimal thicknesses of the stent struts on calcified, fibrous, and lipid-rich lesions were 20 µm (interquartile range [IQR], 10-50 µm), 70 µm (40-140 µm; P < .001), and 90 µm (50-170 µm; P < .001), respectively. These differences were observed regardless of the type of second-generation DES used.Most of the stent struts were covered with neointima. The neointimal thickness after the second-generation DES implantation had a close relationship with the preexisting atherosclerotic lesion characteristics. In this study, we found differences in arterial healing processes due to underlying plaque; therefore, evaluating the lesion characteristics by OCT may predict the risk for future restenosis and thrombosis.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos/normas , Neointima/classificação , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Stents Farmacológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neointima/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pesos e Medidas/instrumentação
2.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 74, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448036

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) is a major cause of cardiovascular mortality. Inferior MI accounts for 30-50% of infarctions but it is associated with a favorable prognosis compared to anterior infarct. This study aimed to study the epidemiological, clinical, electrical, echocardiographic, angiographic features of inferior MI, as well as its complications and its therapeutic approaches. Over a period of 3 years, we admitted 720 patients with STEMI, of whom 103 with inferior STEMI, reflecting a rate of 14.3%. There was a clear male predominance, with an average age of 58 years (men) and 62 years (women). Smoking was the main risk factor for cardiovascular disease (57.28% of patients were smokers). Right ventricular infarction was found in 11.65% of cases. Half of these patients had hemodynamic instability. Third-degree atrioventricular block was diagnosed in 12.6% of patients. Therapeutic approach was based on thrombolysis (7 patients) and coronary angiogram (42 patients). Inferior MI was caused by right coronary lesion in 53% of cases and circumflex artery occlusion in 47% of cases. Right coronary is responsible for right ventricular infarction in 100% of cases. Coronary angioplasty was performed in 18 patients after coronary angiogram. Eleven patients underwent transluminal coronary angioplasty in the right coronary while 2 patients underwent transluminal coronary angioplasty in the circumflex artery. Early mortality at 30 days was 1.94%. In the right ventricular infarction group mortality rate was about 17%.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Inferior/epidemiologia , Idoso , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Inferior/fisiopatologia , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Inferior/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Marrocos/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia
3.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 75, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448037

RESUMO

Pulmonary embolism is an acute and severe medical condition. Its clinical characteristics are not pathognomonic and can mimick other medico-surgical emergencies. We report the case of a patient admitted with a clinical manifestation of acute coronary syndrome with electrical changes and elevation in cardiac enzymes without abnormal substrate on the coronarography, enabling diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16539, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic stable angina (CSA) is a cardiovascular disease with high prevalence. At present, drug treatment is still the main measure of stable angina pectoris. Traditional Chinese medicine has a long history in the treatment of CSA. Qi stagnation and Blood stasis syndrome is a common syndrome of CSA. Xinnaoning (XNN) capsule is considered as an effective adjuvant treatment for CSA with the efficacy of promoting qi and blood circulation but lack of high-quality clinical evidence. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of XNN capsule compared with placebo by clinical trial. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial will be conducted with a total of 240 participants diagnosed with chronic stable angina (qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome). The participants will be randomized (1:1) into groups receiving either XNN or placebo for 12 weeks. After a 2-week run-in period, they will receive either XNN or placebo (3 pills, 3 times daily) for 12 weeks on the basis of conventional therapy. The primary outcomes include changes in the integral scores of angina symptoms. The secondary outcome measures include changes in the total score of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome, severity grading of angina pectoris, the number of angina pectoris per week, nitroglycerin dosage, score of seattle angina scale, serum homocysteine, incidence of cardiovascular events. Safety outcomes will also be assessed. Adverse events will be monitored throughout the trial. RESULTS: This study will investigate whether XNN capsule can alleviate clinical symptoms, and improve quality of life of patients with chronic stable angina (qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome). The results of this study will provide clinical evidence for the application of XNN capsule in the treatment of chronic stable angina. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03914131.


Assuntos
Angina Estável/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Homocisteína/análise , Homocisteína/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placebos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16801, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is acute renal failure observed after administration of iodinated contrast media during angiographic or other medical procedures. In recent years, many studies have focused on biomarkers that recognize CIN and/or predict its development in advance. One of the many biomarkers studied is the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the correlation between PLR level and CIN. METHODS: Relevant studies were searched in PUBMED, EMBASE, and Web of Science until September 15, 2018. Case-control studies reporting admission PLR levels in CIN and non-CIN group in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were included. The pooled weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated to assess the association between PLR level and CIN using a random-effect model. RESULTS: Six relevant studies involving a total of 10452 ACS patients (9720 non-CIN controls and 732 CIN patients) met our inclusion criteria. A meta-analysis of 6 case-control studies showed that PLR levels were significantly higher in CIN group than those in non-CIN group (WMD = 33.343, 95%CI = 18.863 to 47.823, P < .001, I = 88.0%). CONCLUSION: For patients with ACS after contrast administration, our meta-analysis shows that on-admission PLR levels in CIN group are significantly higher than those of non-CIN group. However, large and matched cohort studies are needed to validate these findings and assess whether there is a real connection or just an association.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos
6.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(4): 326-330, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012346

RESUMO

Despite the health benefits of routine exercise, coronary artery disease (CAD) is common among older competitive athletes and is an important cause of sudden cardiac death. Athletes with suspected or confirmed CAD routinely undergo conventional coronary angiography involving the performance of invasive coronary physiological assessment using the fractional flow reserve (FFR) or the instantaneous-wave free ratio (iFR). Data defining the role of invasive coronary physiological assessment, while robust in general clinical populations, are untested among older competitive athletes with CAD. The paper discusses the challenges and uncertainties surrounding the use of the FFR and iFR in this unique population with an emphasis on the need for future work to better define this approach


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Atletas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade/fisiologia , Aptidão Física , Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico
7.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 10(4): 515-517, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307295

RESUMO

Anatomic single coronary arteries are quite rare but can be a potential cause of sudden cardiac death. We present the first case of a pediatric patient with an anatomic single right coronary artery (Lipton type R1 or Shirani-Roberts type IIA), of a type which has been associated with adult-onset ischemic cardiac disease. We review the evaluation and management of this young patient.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Masculino
8.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 10(4): 502-503, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307300

RESUMO

Cardiovascular computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) 3-D thoracic reconstruction can serve as a "virtual patient avatar" providing surgical views for approach to complex anomalous coronary artery anatomy. Images demonstrated a single coronary artery ostium arising from the right aortic sinus with trifurcation into a prepulmonic left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), an interarterial circumflex with a subsequent intraseptal course, and normal course of the right coronary artery. Virtual 3-D CCTA reconstructions were important to planning an incisional plane for surgical correction.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Tridimensional , Realidade Virtual , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Seio Aórtico/anormalidades
9.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1101): 20180945, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322906

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between heart rate (HR) and optimal reconstruction phase in prospectively electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggered coronary CT angiography (CCTA) performed on a newly introduced 256-slice multidetector CT (MDCT). METHODS: All the cases were selected retrospectively from the patients scheduled for CCTA in our department between January and April 2017. The scanner selected the optimal exposure phase based on 10 s ECG recordings. To ensure the success of CCTA, the operator also checked patient's age, breathing control, emotional status and past medical history to decide whether the automatically selected scan phase needs manual adjustment or not. Images were reconstructed in 1% steps of the R-R interval to determine the cardiac phase with least coronary motion. If CCTA images showed moderate motion blurring or discontinuity in the course of coronary segments, a cardiac motion correction algorithm was applied to the reconstructed images. Subjective diagnostic image quality was evaluated with 4-point grading scale. RESULTS: A total of 87 consecutive CCTA examinations were investigated in this study. Diastolic reconstruction was applied to all vessel segments in patients with HR <63 bpm, where 36.5 and 77.8% of vessel segments were reconstructed with the use of motion correction in HR ≤57 and 58-62 bpm, respectively. As for patients with HR ≥63 bpm, 89.3 and 71.7% of vessel segments were reconstructed in diastole in HR 63-67 and ≥68 bpm, respectively, while 81 and 100% of vessel segments were reconstructed with the use of motion correction in the same HR groups. CONCLUSION: Based on our results, a HR less than 67 bpm can be used to identify appropriate patients for diastolic reconstruction. Although the motion correction algorithm is an effective approach to reduce the impact of cardiac motion in CCTA, HR control is still important to optimize the image quality of CCTA. The relationship between HR and optimal reconstruction phase established in this study could be further used to tailor the ECG pulsing window for dose reduction in patients undergoing CCTA performed on the 256-slice MDCT. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: The HR thresholds to identify patients who are the best suitable candidates for diastolic or systolic reconstruction are scanner specific. This study investigated the relationship between HR and optimal reconstruction phase in prospectively ECG-triggered CCTA for a newly introduced 256-slice MDCT. Once the relationship is established, it could be used to tailor the ECG pulsing window for radiation dose reduction.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 138, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303911

RESUMO

The occurrence of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with an anomalous connection of coronary artery (ANOCOR) identified as a culprit artery is very rare. This association may lead in some anatomical forms to a delay in coronary reperfusion. We report the clinical case of a patient admitted for high-risk Non ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in whom coronary angiography accidentally discovers an anomalous connection of the left coronary network from the right anterior. In light of this case and a review of literature, we discuss the peculiarities of these anomalous connections.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino
11.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(3): 297-304, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310468

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between clinical hematologic parameters and saphenous vein graft failure after on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: A total of 1950 consecutive patients underwent isolated on-pump coronary artery surgery between November 2010 and February 2013. Of these, 284 patients met our inclusion criteria; their preoperative clinical hematological parameters were retrospectively obtained for this cohort study. And of them, 109 patients underwent conventional coronary angiography after graft failure was revealed by coronary computed tomography angiography. The primary endpoint was to catch at least one saphenous vein graft stenosis or occlusion following the coronary angiogram. We then analyzed risk factors for graft failure. In sequential or T grafts, each segment was analyzed as a separate graft. RESULTS: In logistic regression analysis, older age, platelet distribution width, and diabetes mellitus were identified as independent predictors of saphenous vein graft failure (P<0.). In contrast, preserved ejection fraction value favored graft patency (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Increased platelet distribution width is easily measurable and can be used as a simple and valuable marker in the prediction of saphenous vein graft failure.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/fisiologia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Veia Safena/transplante , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Testes Hematológicos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Veia Safena/fisiopatologia , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Falha de Tratamento
12.
Angiology ; 70(9): 853-859, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167539

RESUMO

This study evaluated the prognostic value of remnant lipoprotein cholesterol (RLP-C) as a predictor of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Consecutive patients with CAD (n = 612) who underwent both successful coronary DES implantation and follow-up angiography ranging from 6 to 24 months were enrolled. The independent predictors of ISR were explored by multivariate logistic regression analysis; 95 (15.52%) patients were identified to have ISR. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that RLP-C concentration (odds ratio [OR]: 4.245, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.493-7.229), age (OR: 1.026, 95% CI: 1.002-1.051), diabetes mellitus (DM; OR: 1.811, 95% CI: 1.134-2.892), and lesion length (OR: 1.013, 95% CI: 1.002-1.024) were associated with ISR. Via subgroup analysis, we found that RLP-C was independently associated with ISR in both CAD with DM (OR: 4.154, 95% CI: 1.895-9.104) and CAD without DM (OR: 4.455, 95% CI: 2.097-9.464) groups. In the analysis of the receiver operating characteristics curve, RLP-C level >0.515 mmol/L exhibited 77.9% sensitivity and 56.5% specificity (area under the curve: 0.705, 95% CI: 0.648-0.762) in predicting ISR. In conclusion, RLP-C is independently associated with the development of ISR in patients with CAD after DES implantation.


Assuntos
Colesterol/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Reestenose Coronária/sangue , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Lipoproteínas/sangue , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC
13.
Eur J Radiol ; 116: 76-83, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153577

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess the value of an automated model-based plaque characterization tool for the prediction of major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS: We retrospectively included 45 patients with suspected coronary artery disease of which 16 (33%) experienced MACE within 12 months. Commercially available plaque quantification software was used to automatically extract quantitative plaque morphology: lumen area, wall area, stenosis percentage, wall thickness, plaque burden, remodeling ratio, calcified area, lipid rich necrotic core (LRNC) area and matrix area. The measurements were performed at all cross sections, spaced at 0.5 mm, based on fully 3D segmentations of lumen, wall, and each tissue type. Discriminatory power of these markers and traditional risk factors for predicting MACE were assessed. RESULTS: Regression analysis using clinical risk factors only resulted in a prognostic accuracy of 63% with a corresponding area under the curve (AUC) of 0.587. Based on our plaque morphology analysis, minimal cap thickness, lesion length, LRNC volume, maximal wall area/thickness, the remodeling ratio, and the calcium volume were included into our prognostic model as parameters. The use of morphologic features alone resulted in an increased accuracy of 77% with an AUC of 0.94. Combining both clinical risk factors and morphological features in a multivariate logistic regression analysis increased the accuracy to 87% with a similar AUC of 0.924. CONCLUSION: An automated model based algorithm to evaluate CCTA-derived plaque features and quantify morphological features of atherosclerotic plaque increases the ability for MACE prognostication significantly compared to the use of clinical risk factors alone.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Algoritmos , Área Sob a Curva , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
14.
Eur J Radiol ; 116: 90-97, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153580

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of coronary computed tomography angiography derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) with invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with coronary artery disease" before "with invasive fractional flow reserve serving as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT-FFR values based on a machine learning algorithm (cFFRML) in 183 vessels of 136 patients from four centers were measured with invasive FFR as reference standard. The diagnostic performance from our multicenter study was combined into a meta-analysis following a literature search in Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane library to identify studies comparing diagnostic performance of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and CT-FFR. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy were analyzed on both per-vessel and per-patient basis for intermediate lesions and by algorithm. RESULTS: Our multicenter study demonstrated sensitivities, specificities, and accuracies of cFFRML and CCTA of 0.85, 0.94, 0.90, and 0.95, 0.28, 0.55 on a per-vessel basis, respectively. For our meta-analysis, pooled sensitivities, specificities, and accuracies of CT-FFR and CCTA were 0.85, 0.82, 0.82, and 0.85, 0.57, 0.65 with AUC of 0.86 (95%CI: 0.83˜0.89) and 0.83 (95%CI: 0.79˜0.86) on a per-vessel basis, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for intermediate lesions using cFFRML were 0.84, 0.92, and 0.89. No significant difference was found among different algorithms of CT-FFR (P < 0.001). CONSLUSION: This multicenter study with meta-analysis showed that CT-FFR had a high diagnostic accuracy in determining ischemia-specific lesions and intermediate lesions. There was no significant difference when comparing the combined diagnostic performance of different algorithms of CT-FFR with invasive FFR as the reference standard.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Algoritmos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 43(4): 533-538, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162236

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: For research and risk factor analysis, a reproducible method quantifying atherosclerosis is necessary. Our aim was to develop a computed tomography (CT) angiography grading system to quantify atherosclerotic disease of the head and neck. METHODS: Institutional review board-approved, retrospective analysis was performed on 152 patients who underwent head/neck CT angiography. A grading scale was designed to calculate plaque burden at multiple sites with the sum referred to as atherosclerosis score. Three radiologists calculated scores with an overlap of cases to calculate the intraclass correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Without any prior training, the intraclass correlation coefficient between readers was considered fair. After a short tutorial, intraclass correlation coefficient was recalculated using separate patients, showing excellent correlation.Statistically significant positive correlation was found between atherosclerosis scale and age, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and diabetes, but no correlation with sex or smoking status. CONCLUSIONS: A simple, visual grading scale for atherosclerosis in head/neck CT angiography was used to standardize reporting and better characterize a patient's risk of stroke.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Cabeça , Pescoço , Adulto , Feminino , Cabeça/irrigação sanguínea , Cabeça/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço/irrigação sanguínea , Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
16.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 104, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31223394

RESUMO

Introduction: acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) have been increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. Coronary angiography data have been rarely reported. This study aims to investigate coronary lesions observed in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in Abidjan. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study from 1st January 2010 to 31st December 2014. All patients with ACS admitted to the Abidjan Heart Institute and undergoing coronary angiography during the study period were included. Two hundred and fifty-six patients were selected. We investigated and compared coronary lesions in patients with ACS associated with persistent ST-segment elevation (ACS ST+) and in those with ACS without ST-segment elevation (ACS ST-). Results: the average age of patients was 53.2 ± 10.8 years; there was a male predominance, with a sex ratio of 6.1. Abnormal coronary angiography rate was significantly higher in the STEMI group (95.4% and 64.2% respectively, p < 0.001). Three hundred and four coronary lesions were found in the STEMI group against 43 in the NSTE-ACS group. Stenotic lesions were predominantly one-vessel disease (45.3%) in the STEMI group and two or three-vessel disease in the NSTE-ACS group (68.0%). Type B1 lesions were more common in the NSTE-ACS group (62.8% versus 36.5%, p = 0.002). The most complex type C lesions were more commonly found in the STEMI group (17.8%), with no significant difference. The majority of patients had SYNTAX score less than 22, whatever the type of ACS (87.4% in the STEMI group and 90.1% in the NSTE-ACS group). Conclusion: coronary lesions in the patients group with STEMI were predominantly one-vessel disease and they were more diffuse in the NSTE-ACS group, but with a higher proportion of angiographically normal coronary arteries. The management of patients with these lesions is based in the majority of cases on coronary angioplasty.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Costa do Marfim/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia
17.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 123-135, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190850

RESUMO

Purpose: Disturbed metabolism of cholesterol and triacylglycerols (TGs) carries increased risk for coronary artery calcification (CAC). However, the exact relationship between individual lipid species and CAC remains unclear. The aim of this study was to identify disturbances in lipid profiles involved in the calcification process, in an attempt to propose potential biomarker candidates. Patients and methods: We studied 70 patients at intermediate risk for coronary artery disease who had undergone coronary calcification assessment using computed tomography and Agatston coronary artery calcium score (CACS). Patients were divided into three groups: with no coronary calcification (NCC; CACS: 0; n=26), mild coronary calcification (MCC; CACS: 1-250; n=27), or severe coronary calcification (SCC; CACS: >250; n=17). Patients' serum samples were analyzed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in an untargeted lipidomics approach. Results: We identified 103 lipids within the glycerolipid, glycerophospholipid, sphingolipid, and sterol lipid classes. After false discovery rate correction, phosphatidylcholine (PC)(16:0/20:4) in higher levels and PC(18:2/18:2), PC(36:3), and phosphatidylethanolamine(20:0/18:2) in lower levels were identified as correlates with SCC compared to NCC. There were no significant differences in the levels of individual TGs between the three groups; however, clustering the lipid profiles showed a trend for higher levels of saturated and monounsaturated TGs in SCC compared to NCC. There was also a trend for lower TG(49:2), TG(51:1), TG(54:5), and TG(56:8) levels in SCC compared to MCC. Conclusion: In this study we investigated the lipidome of patients with coronary calcification. Our results suggest that the calcification process may be associated with dysfunction in autophagy. The lipidomic biomarkers revealed in this study may aid in better assessment of patients with subclinical coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Dislipidemias/sangue , Metabolômica/métodos , Fosfolipídeos/sangue , Calcificação Vascular/sangue , Idoso , Doenças Assintomáticas , Autofagia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Dislipidemias/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/patologia
18.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(9): 1557-1561, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31044328

RESUMO

Right ventricular systolic dysfunction is prognostic in various cardiovascular diseases. Right ventricular systolic function is not commonly assessed in the catheterization laboratory. Therefore, we developed a novel, reproducible method to measure right ventricular systolic function during selective coronary angiography. We analyzed the angiographic systolic translational motion and maximum speed of the right coronary artery (RCA) in 97 consecutive patients and compared it to the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) as measured by echocardiography. All measurements were performed by two independent operators on two occasions. Inter-observer variability and intra-observer variability were excellent for RCA motion distance and for RCA maximum speed. There was a significant correlation of the RCA motion distance and RCA maximum speed with the TAPSE measured by echocardiography (Pearson's correlation for RCA distance: r = 0.59, p < 0.001, r2 = 0.35; for RCA speed: r = 0.40, p < 0.001, r2 = 0.16). The area under the receiver operating curve for the RCA motion distance was 0.88 (95% CI 0.80-0.96) for discrimination of normal and abnormal right ventricular systolic function. A cut-off value less than 22.3 mm systolic RCA motion had a specificity of 93.3% and a sensitivity of 75.6% for identifying an abnormal right ventricular systolic function. Analysis of the RCA motion is a reproducible and reliable method to measure right ventricular systolic function during selective coronary angiography. It is a simple and useful tool to assess right ventricular function in the catheterization laboratory and may serve for risk assessment for right ventricular failure. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Data for this study was collected retrospectively from Swiss Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Registry (NCT01368250). https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01368250 .


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Movimentos dos Órgãos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Direita , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sístole , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia
19.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(9): 1733-1743, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31073698

RESUMO

Vasodilator-stress CT perfusion imaging in addition to CT coronary angiography (CTCA) may provide a single-test alternative to nuclear stress testing, commonly used to assess hemodynamic significance of stenosis. Another alternative is fractional flow reserve (FFR) calculated from cardiac CT images. We studied the concordance between these two approaches and their relationship to outcomes. We prospectively studied 150 patients with chest pain, who underwent CTCA and regadenoson CT. CTCA images were interpreted for presence and severity of stenosis. Fused 3D displays of subendocardial X-ray attenuation with coronary arteries were created to detect stress perfusion defects (SPD) in each coronary territory. In patients with stenosis > 25%, CT-FFR was quantified. Significant stenosis was determined by: (1) combination of stenosis > 50% with an SPD, (2) CT-FFR ≤ 0.80. Patients were followed-up for 36 ± 25 months for death, myocardial infarction or revascularization. After excluding patients with normal arteries and technical/quality issues, in final analysis of 76 patients, CTCA depicted stenosis > 70% in 13/224 arteries, 50-70% in 24, and < 50% in 187. CT-FFR ≤ 0.80 was found in 41/224 arteries, and combination of SPD with > 50% stenosis in 31/224 arteries. Inter-technique agreement was 89%. Despite high incidence of abnormal CT-FFR (30/76 patients), only 7 patients experienced adverse outcomes; 6/7 also had SPDs. Only 1/9 patients with CT-FFR ≤ 0.80 but normal perfusion had an event. Fusion of CTCA and stress perfusion can help determine the hemodynamic impact of stenosis in one test, in good agreement with CT-FFR. Adding stress CT perfusion analysis may help risk-stratify patients with abnormal CT-FFR.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Hemodinâmica , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem
20.
EuroIntervention ; 15(6): e522-e530, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113763

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to compare outcomes in unselected patients undergoing cardiac catheterisation via transradial versus transfemoral access and standard versus ultrasound-guided arterial access. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a prospective, randomised (radial vs. femoral and standard vs. ultrasound), 2x2 factorial trial of 1,388 patients undergoing coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention. The primary outcome was a composite of ACUITY (Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage strategY) major bleeding, MACE (death, stroke, myocardial infarction or urgent target lesion revascularisation) and vascular complications at 30 days. Transradial access reduced the primary outcome (RR 0.37, 95% CI: 0.17-0.81; p=0.013), mostly driven by ACUITY major bleeding (RR 0.343, 95% CI: 0.123-0.959; p=0.041) when compared with the transfemoral approach. There was no difference in the primary outcome between standard and ultrasound guidance (p=0.76). Ultrasound guidance, however, reduced mean access time (93 sec vs. 111 sec; p=0.009), attempts (1.47 vs. 1.9; p<0.0001), difficult accesses (4.5% vs. 9.2%; p=0.0007), venepuncture (4.1% vs. 9.2%; p<0.0001) and improved first-pass success (73% vs. 59.7%; p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Transradial access significantly reduced the composite outcome compared to transfemoral access. Ultrasound guidance did not reduce the primary outcome compared to the standard technique, but significantly improved the efficiency and overall success rate of arterial access.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Artéria Radial , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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