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1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 355-360, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893431

RESUMO

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is associated with visceral fat and various cardiac disorders, such as atrial fibrillation and adverse cardiovascular events. Therefore, it is important to develop a simple and non-invasive inspection method to assess EAT, to prevent unfavorable cardiac events. This study assessed correlations between near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) changes induced by a vascular occlusion test (VOT) and EAT volume measured by cardiac computed tomography (CCT) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. We also assessed correlations between body mass index (BMI) and EAT volume in the same population. In addition, these correlations were compared in patients treated with statin therapy and in those without statin therapy. A NIRS probe was set on the right thenar eminence, and brachial artery blood flow was blocked for 3 min before being released. A negative correlation was found between oxyhemoglobin (ΔO2Hb) and EAT volume in the overall study population (r = -0.236, p = 0.03). Interestingly, although a strong correlation was observed in patients without statin therapy (r = -0.488, p < 0.001), this correlation was not observed in patients with statin therapy (r = 0.157, p = 0.34). These findings suggest that NIRS measurements with VOT may be a useful method to identify patients with high EAT volume and high cardiovascular risks.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Oxiemoglobinas/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(1): 47-50, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914558

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of modified computed tomography angiography(CTA) in detecting bronchial artery-pulmonary artery fistula(BPF). Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on 246 patients with hemoptysis admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from July 2017 to December 2018, who underwent modified CTA and DSA examination at the same time. CT was performed with Toshiba Aquilion one 320 row 640-slice spiral CT scanner. All modified CTA images were read blindly by two radiologists above the attending doctors. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the modified CTA in diagnosing BPF were calculated with the DSA results as the reference,and the consistency of the two tests was analyzed. Results: DSA detected 186 cases of positive and 60 cases of negative, modified CTA detected 160 cases of positive and 86 cases of negative. The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of modified CTA for BPF diagnosis was 85.5%(159/186),98.3%(59/60), 88.6%(218/246) respectively, and they were with high consistency with DSA examination results (kappa=0.73,P<0.01). Conclusion: Modified CTA has high diagnostic specificity for BPF,which can be used as the preferred method for non-invasive screening of suspected BPF patients.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Fístula , Artérias Brônquicas , Humanos , Artéria Pulmonar , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1105): 20190003, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738082

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess and compare the diagnostic performance of the coronary artery to aortic luminal attenuation ratio (CAR), transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG), and corrected coronary opacification (CCO) difference on coronary CT angiography (cCTA) for detecting haemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis. METHODS: 33 patients who underwent cCTA, gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), and invasive coronary angiography within 3 months were included in this retrospective study. The degree of coronary stenosis on cCTA was visually assessed in all patients. Additionally, CAR, TAG, and CCO difference were analyzed and calculated in all patients. Haemodynamically significant coronary stenosis was defined as a vessel with ≥50% luminal stenosis on invasive coronary angiography and an associated abnormal perfusion defect on MPI in the same territory. Diagnostic performance was assessed on a per-vessel basis by the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC). RESULTS: Among 99 vessels, 12 were excluded and the remaining 87 were analyzed. 17 (19.5%) vessels were determined as haemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis. On ROC analysis, the AUC was 0.71 for cCTA, 0.80 for CAR, 0.61 for TAG, 0.74 for CCO, 0.87 for combined CAR and cCTA, 0.77 for combined TAG and cCTA, and 0.75 for combined CCO and cCTA. The AUC for combined CAR and cCTA was significantly greater compared with cCTA alone (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Non-invasive CAR derived from 64-detector row CT was feasible and might be helpful for the detection of haemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis. Still, further investigations such as intra- and inter-reader correlation, evaluation of larger numbers in different settings, and time efficiency are required for applying CAR in various situations. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: CAR could be used as novel noninvasive technique to detect haemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único
4.
Acta Neurol Taiwan ; 28(2): 57-58, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867708

RESUMO

ation. No significant past medical history except for pharmacologically controlled mild hypertension. During the neurological examination the patient appeared alert, oriented and showed no deficit of strength, sensitivity and coordination. An expressive temporary aphasia was confirmed and Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA) was suspected. Cranial Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) showed hypoplasia of left Internal Carotid Artery (ICA) with a focal duplication in the intracavernous segment (Figure 1, arrowhead). Circle of Willis appears to be regular, with the left middle cerebral artery supported by the vertebrobasilar system through the left posterior communicating artery of increased caliber, and by the contralateral ICA via anterior communicating artery. Consequently, patient underwent Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) lateral view that confirmed the segmental duplication of the left intracavernous ICA (Figure 2, arrowhead). Vessels had a lightly winding course within the cavernous sinus and the intracranial branches downstream of their confluence presented a slight delay in visualization. After few hours her symptoms completely regressed and, in agreement with clinical and imaging data, diagnosis of TIA was made. The transient ischemic event was, in fact, most likely caused by low flow to the left cerebral hemisphere due to hypoplasia of the ICA and aforementioned abnormalities of its intracavernous tract that caused alteration and reduction of intracranial flow distribution. Medical treatment with anti-platelet drugs was started and patient was discharged with a clinical, laboratory and imaging follow-up program. Duplications of ICA in the intracranial tract are very rare(1,2). Most of the cases are localized in the supraclinoid segment. To our knowledge this is the first case described in literature of true duplication of ICA in the intracavernous tract. Patients with congenital variants or acquired pathology of ICA are mostly asymptomatic, but when symptoms appear, patients must be investigated(1-3). CTA is considered the first line non-invasive diagnostic method for intracranial vascular anatomy. At present, medical treatment remains the choice in patients with no-complicated duplications of ICA in the intracranial tract.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Interna , Angiografia Digital , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Cerebral , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18241, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852089

RESUMO

T helper 17 (Th17) cells are related to the progression of aortic dissection. This study aimed to determine whether circulating Th17 levels are associated with the prognosis of acute Stanford type B aortic dissection (STBAD) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR).A cohort study was performed and STBAD patients (n = 140) received TEVAR were enrolled, the circulating Th17 levels were measured and the patients were divided into low and high Th17 groups, and 36 months of follow-up was performed. The data for mortality, survival outcomes, heart structure and function changes, aortic regurgitation prevalence, and aortic remodeling outcomes were recorded.Lower mortality and fewer complications were observed in the low Th17 group than in the high Th17 group in the third year of follow-up. In addition, the low Th17 group exhibited better cardiac remodeling and cardiac function when compared with that in the high Th17 group in the second to third year after TEVAR. Aortic reflux was improved in both groups but was more pronounced in the low Th17 group. During follow-up, the true lumen of the proximal thoracic aorta at the level of the celiac trunk in both the low and high Th17 groups continuously enlarged and was more pronounced in the low Th17 group.Circulating Th17 cells were related to cardiac and aortic remodeling and prognosis during STBAD after TEVAR. Anti-inflammatory therapy may be useful for STBAD patients who have undergone TEVAR.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/sangue , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/sangue , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Células Th17/patologia , Remodelação Vascular , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18249, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852092

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Cancer and chemotherapy individually confer hypercoagulability and increased risks of thrombosis. Most thromboembolic complication after breast cancer chemotherapy was venous thrombosis after multiagent chemotherapy. Arterial thrombosis is extremely rare in early breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. PRESENTING CONCERNS: A 55-year-old woman with right breast cancer presented to the emergency department with sudden pain, numbness, and swelling in her left hand. She underwent breast conserving surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy 2 months before the visit. She received the second cycle of adjuvant Adriamycin-cyclophosphamide chemotherapy 5 days before. INTERVENTIONS: Computed tomography angiography revealed acute arterial thrombosis in the left brachial, radial, and ulnar arteries. Unfractionated heparin was initiated immediately, followed by brachial and radial-ulnar thrombectomy, restoring perfusion to the extremity. The postoperative course was uncomplicated; she was discharged on warfarin at a daily dose of 4 mg. OUTCOMES: Chemotherapy was discontinued. Anticoagulation with warfarin was continued. She subsequently received adjuvant endocrine therapy with an aromatase inhibitor and adjuvant radiotherapy. MAIN LESSONS: Despite the low risks of arterial thrombosis in breast cancer, it is a devastating complication with significant morbidity and mortality. Thromboprophylaxis should be considered in those at risk. Immediate anticoagulant therapy and surgical intervention should be considered in affected cases.


Assuntos
Artéria Braquial , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Artéria Radial , Trombose/induzido quimicamente , Artéria Ulnar , Doença Aguda , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia Doppler
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18386, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861001

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pulmonary embolisms (PEs) are caused by emboli, which mostly originate from deep venous thrombi that travel to and suddenly block the pulmonary arteries. The emboli are usually thrombi, and right atrial myxoma emboli are rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old man presented with shortness of breath and syncope. We proceeded with computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) and transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE), the results of which suggested that the diagnosis was a right atrial mass. DIAGNOSIS: A definitive diagnosis compatible with a right atrial myxoma (RAM) with tumoral pulmonary emboli after surgical excision was made. INTERVENTION: Right atrial and pulmonary artery embolectomy. OUTCOMES: The patient followed an uneventful course during the 6 years of follow-up after surgery. According to a review of the literature, RAMs are often not diagnosed in a timely manner or even go completely undiagnosed. TTE, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), CT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography/computed tomography may be helpful in the preoperative diagnosis. Surgical removal of the masses from the atrium and pulmonary arteries was relatively uneventful. LESSONS: RAMs should be considered unlikely reasons for fatal pulmonary embolisms.


Assuntos
Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Mixoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Ecocardiografia , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mixoma/patologia , Mixoma/cirurgia , Embolia Pulmonar/cirurgia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18303, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860979

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is the direct communication between the aorta and esophagus, which can cause fatal hemorrhage, and its incidence increased with the use of an esophageal stent (ES). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 79-year-old man was admitted due to hemodynamic shock with massive hematemesis caused by AEF 1 month after the implantation of an ES. DIAGNOSES: Computed tomography angiography visualized an AEF with an ulcer-like projection on the aortic arch where the ES was placed. Angiography of the aorta revealed extravasation of contrast media from the aortic arch into the stented esophagus, which confirmed the diagnosis. INTERVENTIONS: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) was performed for massive hematemesis caused by ES-related, AEF but did not solve the underlying problem, leading to the second fatal hemorrhage. LESSONS: TEVAR for the unique treatment of ES-related AEF is feasible in certain cases but may lead to collapse after a specific period.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/complicações , Fístula Esofágica/complicações , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Implantação de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Fístula Vascular/complicações , Idoso , Doenças da Aorta/etiologia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Fístula Esofágica/etiologia , Fístula Esofágica/cirurgia , Evolução Fatal , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Fístula Vascular/etiologia , Fístula Vascular/cirurgia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18418, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876715

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Brain arteriovenous malformation (BAVM)-associated varix is always asymptomatic, and no special treatment is needed. However, there is no consensus regarding how to address a varix that has led to clinical manifestation. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 11-year-old girl was admitted complaining of left hemiparesis for 4 days. She was previously healthy and denied any history of similar ictus. She was alert, and a physical examination performed upon admission was unremarkable except for the left hemiparesis. DIAGNOSES: Head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a linear and round flow void and perilesional edema in the region of the right basal ganglia, indicating a BAVM. Gadolinium-enhanced MRI showed peripheral enhancement of the round lesion. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed that the BAVM was fed by the ipsilateral posterior cerebral artery and anterior choroidal artery and drained into the vein of Galen. A large varix was also noted at the top of the BAVM and was consistent with the round flow void observed at the right basal ganglia on MRI. The Spetzler-Martin grading scale was grade IV INTERVENTIONS:: The patient experienced a TAE of the BAVM nidus with liquid embolic agent. OUTCOMES: A follow-up investigation showed regression of the varix, although there was still some residual BAVM. The patient experienced a favorable recovery. LESSONS: In the case of a BAVM-associated symptomatic varix, if surgical resection cannot readily be performed, initial TAE of the BAVM nidus can be attempted.


Assuntos
Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/terapia , Varizes/terapia , Criança , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/diagnóstico , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Neuroimagem
10.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2): e391, jul.-dic. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003861

RESUMO

Introducción: Los aneurismas arteriales son poco frecuentes en edad pediátrica, sin embargo; se observa un incremento en la incidencia de pseudoaneurismas a partir de traumatismos vasculares, sobre todo, por la aplicación de procederes invasivos. También se observan en procesos infecciosos y tumorales adyacentes, que acaban por lesionar la pared arterial. La mayoría suelen ser asintomáticos, o se presentan como una masa pulsátil que se asientan sobre la zona de la arteria afectada. Objetivo: Demostrar la importancia del diagnóstico temprano de los pseudoaneurismas para el tratamiento quirúrgico oportuno y evitar complicaciones posteriores. Presentación del caso: se discute un caso de una paciente de dos años de edad con un trauma vascular iatrogénico en la extremidad inferior derecha, que se manifestó como una tumoración pulsátil. Se realizó eco-doppler y angiografía, con lo que se diagnosticó un aneurisma de la arteria femoral derecha. Se realizó una exéresis y reconstrucción vascular con buena evolución. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico rápido de estas entidades vasculares evita que se presenten complicaciones posteriores y aseguran una evolución rápida y satisfactoria de los pacientes que las padecen(AU)


Introduction: Arterial aneurysms are rare in the pediatric ages. However, it is observed an increasement of the incidence of pseudoaneurysms caused by vascular traumas, mainly due to the use of invasive procedures. It is also present in infectious and tumour processes that end up injuring the arterial wall. Most of them are asymptomatic or are presented as a pulsatile mass that sets up over the affected artery's zone. Objective: To show the importance of early diagnosis of pseudo-aneurysms. Case presentation: It is presented the case of a two years old patient with a iatrogenic vascular trauma in the right lower limb that manifested in the way of a pulsatile tumor. Through an eco-Doppler and an angiography, an aneurysm of the right femoral artery was diagnosed, which led to an excision and a vascular reconstruction with good evolution. Conclusions: Early diagnosis of these vascular entities allows its timely surgical treatment, avoids the appearance of further complications and assures a prompt and satisfactorily evolution of the patients(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico , Artéria Femoral , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos
11.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 43(6): 906-911, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738213

RESUMO

The aim of this article was to review computed tomography angiography and magnetic resonance angiography of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect. This disorder is a rare complex congenital heart disease. Preoperative imaging of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect with computed tomography angiography and magnetic resonance angiography is important for complete anatomical delineation and planning for treatment. Preoperative imaging used for assessment of the main pulmonary artery (its size, valve, and confluence), aortopulmonary collaterals (its origin, insertion, course, and size), presence of patent ductus arteriosus, other sources of collaterals as bronchial and coronary arteries, and pattern of pulmonary arborization. Imaging can detect associated aortic, pulmonary venous and coronary anomalies, and other congenital heart disease. Postoperative imaging after unifocalization and stent is for assessment of patency, stenosis, and occlusion of stent or perivascular lesions as seroma.


Assuntos
Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos/diagnóstico por imagem , Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos/cirurgia , Atresia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Atresia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Pulmonares
12.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 197, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692688

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal bleedings caused by small intestinal tumors are rare and difficult to diagnose because they are not easy to access to the conventional endoscopy. We report two cases, one of them from proximal jejunum and the other one from ileal intestine complicated by intussusception. The two cases were admitted in the emergency department for hematochezia and melena, the diagnosis was established by enhanced helical computed tomography angiography.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Neoplasias do Íleo/complicações , Neoplasias do Jejuno/complicações , Idoso , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neoplasias do Íleo/diagnóstico , Intussuscepção/complicações , Intussuscepção/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Jejuno/diagnóstico , Masculino
13.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 275, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692844

RESUMO

The diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) with changes shown by electrocardiography (ECG) is a challenge in the clinical practice due to rare pathognomonic findings. We report the case of a 37-year old woman managed in out of hospital sitting for a chest pain. Electrocardiogram was suggestive of antero-septal acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Catheterization revealed non occlusive coronary disease. Transthoracic echocardiography showed an elevated pulmonary and right heart pressures. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography confirmed the diagnosis of bilateral pulmonary embolism. PTE with ECG changes should be considered in the differential diagnosis of AMI, particularly in young patients with chest pain and ST segment elevation suggestive of acute coronary syndrome.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Adulto , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos
14.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 312, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692927

RESUMO

Congenital malformations of the aortic arches are a heterogeneous group of diseases associated with developmental disorders of the primitive branchial arches during fetal life. The coarctation of the aorta is a common congenital vascular malformation which is a congenital narrowing of the aortic isthmus, a segment of the aorta between the left subclavian artery and the ductus arteriosus. The interruption of the aortic arch is considered by some authors as an extreme coarctation of the aorta, characterized by discontinuity between ascending and descending aorta. These abnormalities are integrated, in most cases, in the context of cardiac malformations from which they are indivisible. CT angiogram plays an essential role in the examination of these abnormalities, their preoperative assessment and their follow-up in the long term. We conducted a retrospective study of 42 patients undergoing CT angiogram following the detection of heart disease on echocardiography. CT angiogram was performed in 6 cases. The average age of patients was 2 years, ranging from 6 days to 14 years; a male predominance was reported with a sex ratio of 1,6. The main diseases were: coarctation of the aorta: 18 cases; hypoplasies of the aortic arch: 8 cases; interruptions of the aortic arch: 7 cases; abnormalities of the aortic arches: 9 cases. Some of these abnormalities were associated. Extracardiac abnormalities associated with congenital heart diseases are relatively frequent; multislice scanner allows for good analysis of the cardiac afferent and efferent pathways. CT complements echocardiogram for pre-treatment assessment of the main malformative diseases, especially for the detection of the associated extra-cardiac vascular abnormalities, thanks to its satisfactory tridimensional multiplanar exploration. It tends to supplant angiography in many pathological malformations for several reasons: it is less invasive; it provides high-resolution 3D images useful to surgeons; it established the anatomical diagnosis, assesses tracheal compression and any associated malformation; it guides surgical treatment.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Coartação Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17940, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702683

RESUMO

Venous air embolism (VAE) can be observed in the right heart system on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), following injection of contrast media with a power injector system. Although most VAEs are mostly asymptomatic, they may result in paradoxical air embolism (PAE).To evaluate whether the incidence of VAE on coronary CT angiography is associated with the process of preparation of the intravenous access route.We retrospectively evaluated 692 coronary CT examinations at 3 institutions. Trained CT nurses placed an intravenous cannula in the forearm. Tubes connected to the cannula were prepared in the following ways: A, using an interposed three-way cock and a 20-mL syringe filled with normal saline to collect air contamination in the tube; B, through direct connection to the power injector system without the interposed 3-way cock; and C, using an interposed three-way cock and a 100-mL normal saline drip infusion bottle system to keep the tube patent. The incidence and location of VAE and preparation of intravenous injection were assessed.The overall incidence of VAE was 55.3% (383/692), most frequently observed in the right atrium (81.5%, 312/383). Its incidence varied significantly across the 3 techniques (A: 21.6% (35/162), B: 63.2% (237/375) and C: 71.6% (111/155); P < .001). No patient demonstrated any symptom associated with VAE.Using a 3-way cock with syringe demonstrated the lowest incidence of VAE on coronary CT angiography. It is thus recommended to reduce potential complication risks related to intravenous contrast media injection.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/efeitos adversos , Embolia Aérea/etiologia , Embolia Paradoxal/etiologia , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Embolia Aérea/complicações , Embolia Aérea/epidemiologia , Embolia Paradoxal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas/efeitos adversos , Injeções Intravenosas/instrumentação , Injeções Intravenosas/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 43(6): 948-952, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688249

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the image quality and degree of metal artifact reduction using the new-generation gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) and metal artifact reduction software (MARs) and to demonstrate the optimal monochromatic energy level for dual-energy cerebral computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients with intracranial aneurysm after endovascular treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients with cerebral aneurysms treated with coils or clips underwent CTA using gemstone spectral computed tomography. Artifact index was calculated at each energy level with and without MARs. Signal-to-noise (SNR) and contrast-to-noise (CNR) ratios were calculated on all axial images with MARs; subjective evaluation was done by using a 4-point scale and a 3-point scale for assessing noise and vessel contrast, respectively, and compared between the monochromatic energy levels. RESULTS: The artifact index value of group GSI-MARs was significantly lower than that of group GSI at each monochromatic energy level (all, P < 0.01). Contrast-to-noise ratio and SNR of the parent arteries decreased as the energy increased from 40 to 140 keV in group GSI-MARs (all, P < 0.01). Signal-to-noise ratio and CNR between each 2 adjacent monochromatic energy level showed significant difference (all, P < 0.01). Subjective evaluation showed that a monochromatic energy level between 40 and 70 keV provided the optimal image quality. CONCLUSION: Gemstone spectral imaging with MARs could reduce metal artifacts and improve the image quality of cerebral CTA after coil or clip treatment. The new generation of GSI could provide better CNR and SNR at lower energy level, and the best image quality was obtained at energy level 40 to 70 keV for GSI-MARs.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Intensificação de Imagem Radiográfica/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Artefatos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Software
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17798, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689858

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Dieulafoy disease of the bronchus is a rare vascular deformity. To the best of our knowledge, reports of these involving both lung vascular are hitherto absent. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 67-year-old male was admitted to our department due to agnogenic hemoptysis. DIAGNOSES: Bronchoscopy was performed and some smooth, pulsatile nodular lesions were found in the middle and lower lobes, Computed tomography angiography of the bronchial artery confirmed a left bronchial artery arising from the aortic arch at T4 level, and both bronchial arteries were dilated and tortuous. INTERVENTIONS: Bronchial artery embolization was performed successfully. OUTCOMES: The patient was discharged with no hemoptysis. In addition, patient is under follow-up until today without any further incidents. LESSONS: This case reminds us that Dieulafoy disease of the bronchus could be a potential etiology for unexplained hemoptysis. The clinician should be aware of this disease when bronchoscopy revealed multiple some smooth, pulsatile nodular lesions, thereafter, bronchoscope biopsy should be avoided, as it could lead to fatal hemoptysis.


Assuntos
Artérias Brônquicas/anormalidades , Broncopatias/complicações , Hemoptise/etiologia , Malformações Vasculares/complicações , Idoso , Artérias Brônquicas/cirurgia , Broncopatias/patologia , Broncopatias/cirurgia , Broncoscopia/métodos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Hemoptise/cirurgia , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Malformações Vasculares/patologia , Malformações Vasculares/cirurgia
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(46): e17474, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study aims to assess the clinic impact of low-radiation computed tomography coronary angiography (LR-CTCA) diagnosis for coronary artery stenosis (CAS). METHODS: This study will comprehensively search the following electronic databases from inception to the present: PUBMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, Web of Science, Google, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, VIP database, WANGFANG, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. All these electronic databases will be searched without language restrictions. All case-controlled studies on assessing the clinical impact of LR-CTCA diagnosis for patients with CAS will be included. Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool will be utilized to evaluate the methodological quality for each qualified studies. RESULTS: We will assess the clinic impact of LR-CTCA diagnosis for CAS by measuring sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio. CONCLUSION: The results of this study will summarize the latest evidence of LR-CTCA diagnosis for CAS. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019139336.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/estatística & dados numéricos , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Humanos , Funções Verossimilhança , Metanálise como Assunto , Razão de Chances , Doses de Radiação , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
19.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 42(10): 755-759, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594109

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of pulmonary embolism patients from different altitudes in plateau areas. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was used to analyze the patients with acute pulmonary embolism diagnosed definitely by pulmonary angiography or pulmonary artery CT angiography admitted to Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital from August 2014 to December 2018. The subjects were divided into 3 groups according to the altitude of long-term residence before onset, i.e. low-altitude group (group 1, 2 700 m ≤ altitude ≤3 700 m, n=44), medium-altitude group (group 2, 3 700 m

Assuntos
Altitude , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor no Peito/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Estudos Transversais , Dispneia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipóxia , Incidência , Embolia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17014, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567938

RESUMO

The coronary collateral circulation (CCC) is an alternative source of blood supply when the original vessels fail to provide sufficient blood. The accurate detection of CCC is critical for the treatment of ischemic heart disease, especially when the stent surgery is not an option. The assessment of minute vessels such as coronary collateral arteries is challenging. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of detection and classification of CCC using the192-slice third-generation dual-source computed tomography angiography (192-slice DSCT CTA).Eight hundred patients (450 men and 350 women, mean age: 56 ±â€Š11 years) with complete or subtotal occlusion of at least 1 major coronary artery were enrolled for our study. February 2016 and September 2018, the patient both 192-slice DSCT CTA and conventional coronary angiography (CAG) were performed in all enrolled patients. The interval between two approaches for a given patient was 6.1 ±â€Š3.7 days (Range: 1-15). The diagnostic accuracy of 192-slice DSCT CTA was evaluated by comparing it with that of CAG. The identified CCC was graded according to the Rentrop classification.The prevalence among patients of having at least 1 CCC was 43.8%. The sensitivity for detecting CCC by 192-slice DSCT was 91.7% (95% CI: 88.3% to 94.3%), specificity was 95.5% (95% CI: 93.1% to 97.2%), positive predictive value was 94.3% (95% CI: 91.5% to 96.2%), and negative predictive value was 93.3% (95% CI: 90.9% to 95.3%). Cohen-Kappa analysis showed that the consistency of the correct classification of CCC using CAG and 192-slice DSCT was very high with the kappa coefficient (κ) of 0.94 (95% CI: 0.91-0.96, P value = .01). Additionally, the radiation dose for 192-slice DSCT was as low as 0.42 ±â€Š0.04 mSv (range, 0.35-0.43 mSv).The 192-slice DSCT CTA is a reliable and sensitive non-invasive method for the evaluation of CCC with low radiation doses.


Assuntos
Circulação Colateral , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/normas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Circulação Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/classificação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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