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1.
Radiographics ; 40(6): 1574-1599, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001783

RESUMO

Infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) results in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was declared an official pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020. The infection has been reported in most countries around the world. As of August 2020, there have been over 21 million cases of COVID-19 reported worldwide, with over 800 000 COVID-19-associated deaths. It has become apparent that although COVID-19 predominantly affects the respiratory system, many other organ systems can also be involved. Imaging plays an essential role in the diagnosis of all manifestations of the disease, as well as its related complications, and proper utilization and interpretation of imaging examinations is crucial. With the growing global COVID-19 outbreak, a comprehensive understanding of the diagnostic imaging hallmarks, imaging features, multisystemic involvement, and evolution of imaging findings is essential for effective patient management and treatment. To date, only a few articles have been published that comprehensively describe the multisystemic imaging manifestations of COVID-19. The authors provide an inclusive system-by-system image-based review of this life-threatening and rapidly spreading infection. In part 1 of this article, the authors discuss general aspects of the disease, with an emphasis on virology, the pathophysiology of the virus, and clinical presentation of the disease. The key imaging features of the varied pathologic manifestations of this infection that involve the pulmonary and peripheral and central vascular systems are also described. Part 2 will focus on key imaging features of COVID-19 that involve the cardiac, neurologic, abdominal, dermatologic and ocular, and musculoskeletal systems, as well as pediatric and pregnancy-related manifestations of the virus. Vascular complications pertinent to each system will be also be discussed in part 2. Online supplemental material is available for this article. ©RSNA, 2020.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Tromboembolia/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/etiologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Inflamação , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/fisiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Receptores Virais/fisiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/etiologia , Avaliação de Sintomas , Tromboembolia/sangue , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/etiologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos
2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4829, 2020 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973154

RESUMO

The computed tomography angiography (CTA) postprocessing manually recognized by technologists is extremely labor intensive and error prone. We propose an artificial intelligence reconstruction system supported by an optimized physiological anatomical-based 3D convolutional neural network that can automatically achieve CTA reconstruction in healthcare services. This system is trained and tested with 18,766 head and neck CTA scans from 5 tertiary hospitals in China collected between June 2017 and November 2018. The overall reconstruction accuracy of the independent testing dataset is 0.931. It is clinically applicable due to its consistency with manually processed images, which achieves a qualification rate of 92.1%. This system reduces the time consumed from 14.22 ± 3.64 min to 4.94 ± 0.36 min, the number of clicks from 115.87 ± 25.9 to 4 and the labor force from 3 to 1 technologist after five months application. Thus, the system facilitates clinical workflows and provides an opportunity for clinical technologists to improve humanistic patient care.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Vasos Sanguíneos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cabeça/diagnóstico por imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Rede Nervosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21432, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756152

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP), when combined with an arteriovenous malformation (AVM), is a rare, but potentially life-threatening condition that may be associated with uncontrolled hemorrhage. Hysterectomy is indicated when conservative treatment fails. Preservation of fertility is challenging. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported a 33-year-old woman with a CSP combined with an AVM who failed methotrexate administration as conservative treatment. DIAGNOSES: A CSP combined with an AVM was diagnosed via three-dimensional color Doppler angiogram and magnetic resonance imaging. INTERVENTIONS: Transvaginal removal of the ectopic gestation and repair of the uterine defect was performed without incident. OUTCOMES: The fertility of the patient was preserved and hysterectomy was avoided. CONCLUSION: Transvaginal fertility-sparing surgery may be successfully performed to prevent hysterectomy when conservative treatment fails in patients with a CSP combined with an AVM.


Assuntos
Malformações Arteriovenosas/complicações , Malformações Arteriovenosas/cirurgia , Cicatriz/patologia , Preservação da Fertilidade/métodos , Adulto , Angiografia/métodos , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Malformações Arteriovenosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Malformações Arteriovenosas/tratamento farmacológico , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Gravidez Ectópica/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21441, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756157

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We report a case of type III uveal effusion syndrome (UES) suspected to be related to pachychoroid spectrum disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 42-year-old man became aware of visual field constriction and deterioration of visual acuity in his right eye. DIAGNOSIS: Upon examination, a bullous non-rhegmatogenous retinal detachment was observed in the inferior 2 quadrants of the right eye fundus, and the subretinal fluid moved with postural changes. The axial length in that eye was 22.36 mm, thus indicating no nanophthalmia. Preoperative indocyanine green angiography revealed dilated choroidal vessels in the posterior pole of the right eye and mild leakage in the late phase. Optical coherence tomography examination revealed choroidal thickening in both eyes. INTERVENTIONS: For treatment, we first performed sclerotomy, and the intraoperative findings showed no thickening of the sclera. Following surgery, reattachment of the retina was not achieved. OUTCOMES: Thus, we next performed vitrectomy, which led to successful reattachment of the retina. LESSONS: In this case, we theorize that pachychoroid spectrum disease might have been involved in the pathogenesis of type III UES.


Assuntos
Doenças da Coroide/patologia , Corioide/irrigação sanguínea , Síndrome da Efusão da Úvea/etiologia , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia , Adulto , Angiografia/métodos , Corioide/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Coroide/cirurgia , Corantes/administração & dosagem , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Fundo de Olho , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Microftalmia/etiologia , Descolamento Retiniano , Esclera/cirurgia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Síndrome da Efusão da Úvea/classificação , Síndrome da Efusão da Úvea/diagnóstico , Síndrome da Efusão da Úvea/cirurgia , Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico , Vitrectomia/métodos
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21486, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756177

RESUMO

The diameter of femoral vessels was angiographically explored in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and compared with anthropometric and demographic indexes.A total of 153 pediatric patients younger than 3 years old were recruited. The sex, age, weight, and height of patients were recorded daily, and the body surface area (BSA) was calculated with the Mosteller formula.The values of mean left-right diameters were 3.13 (0.32) mm for the femoral artery (FA) and 5.14 (0.68) mm for the femoral vein (FV). The FA diameter (FA-Dm) and FV diameter (FV-Dm) were clearly related (R = 0.84, P < .001), and the FA-Dm/FV-Dm ratio ranged from 0.61 to 0.622. The diameters of femoral vessels were significantly correlated with age, height, weight and BSA (R = 0.63 to 0.73, P < .001). The FA-Dm and FV-Dm were most closely associated with the height of patients (FA-Dm: R = 0.73, P < .001; FV-Dm: R = 0.69, P < .001).The FV-Dm and FA-Dm were consistent with the weight, height, age and BSA in the surveyed pediatric patients. The FA-Dm and FV-Dm were closely associated with the height of pediatric patients. Furthermore, the FA-Dm/FV-Dm ratio was stable in these patients. Such estimations could help clinicians select the appropriate diameter of cannulation needles and catheters for interventional therapy pediatric patients with CHD.


Assuntos
Angiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia/métodos , Antropometria , Superfície Corporal , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Valores de Referência
6.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3851, 2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737314

RESUMO

Intravascular imaging has emerged as a valuable tool for the treatment of coronary and peripheral artery disease; however, no solution is available for safe and reliable use in the tortuous vascular anatomy of the brain. Endovascular treatment of stroke is delivered under image guidance with insufficient resolution to adequately assess underlying arterial pathology and therapeutic devices. High-resolution imaging, enabling surgeons to visualize cerebral arteries' microstructure and micron-level features of neurovascular devices, would have a profound impact in the research, diagnosis, and treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. Here, we present a neurovascular high-frequency optical coherence tomography (HF-OCT) system, including an imaging console and an endoscopic probe designed to rapidly acquire volumetric microscopy data at a resolution approaching 10 microns in tortuous cerebrovascular anatomies. Using a combination of in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo models, the feasibility of HF-OCT for cerebrovascular imaging was demonstrated.


Assuntos
Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Cerebrais/diagnóstico por imagem , Microscopia/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia/instrumentação , Angiografia/métodos , Animais , Cadáver , Circulação Cerebrovascular/fisiologia , Humanos , Microscopia/instrumentação , Suínos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/instrumentação
8.
Radiología (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 62(3): 205-212, mayo-jun. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194218

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Presentar los resultados de un estudio multidisciplinar de dos hospitales terciarios, junto a los servicios de urología, sobre 102 pacientes consecutivos no candidatos a cirugía tratados durante más de 6 años, en los que se realizó embolización de arterias prostáticas para el tratamiento de la hiperplasia benigna. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Desde diciembre de 2012 a febrero de 2019, 102 pacientes con síntomas de hiperplasia benigna de la próstata (HBP) no candidatos a cirugía o que la rechazaron explícitamente, con una edad media de 73,9 años (rango 47,5-94,5), fueron sometidos a embolización prostática. Se llevó a cabo un seguimiento de estos a través de cuestionarios sobre la sintomatología urinaria, función sexual e impacto en la calidad de vida, así como la medición del volumen prostático, uroflujometría y antígeno prostático específico (PSA) al mes, 3 y 6 meses y al año del procedimiento. RESULTADOS: La técnica fue exitosa en un 96% de los pacientes (76,2% bilateral y 19,8% unilateral). El tiempo de duración media del procedimiento fue de 92 minutos y el de radioscopia, de 35,2 minutos. Se demostraron cambios estadísticamente significativos (p < 0,05) en el PSA, el flujo urinario pico (Qmáx), el cuestionario QoL (Quality of life) y el International Index of Erectile Function (IPSS). El PSA disminuyó un 58% a los 3 meses respecto al valor inicial. Asimismo, el Qmáx aumentó de manera significativa en un 63% al tercer mes tras la embolización. Se obtuvo una mejoría significativa en los test QoL e IPSS, con una disminución de 3,7 puntos y 13,5 puntos de media, respectivamente, al año de seguimiento. El volumen prostático mostró una disminución no estadísticamente significativa al año, tras el tratamiento. Se han recogido una serie de complicaciones menores, que en ningún caso requirieron ingreso hospitalario. CONCLUSIONES: La embolización prostática para el tratamiento de la HPB demostró ser una técnica eficaz y segura en pacientes no candidatos a cirugía


OBJECTIVE: To present the results of a multidisciplinary study of two tertiary hospitals, together with urology services, on 102 consecutive patients not candidates for surgery treated for more than 6 years, in whom prostatic arteries were embolised for the treatment of benign hyperplasia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From December 2012 to February 2019, 102 patients with symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) not candidates for surgery or who explicitly rejected surgery, with an average age of 73.9 years (range 47.5-94.5), underwent prostatic artery embolisation. The patients were followed up by questionnaires on urinary symptoms, sexual function and impact on quality of life, as well as measurement of prostate volume, uroflowmetry and prostate specific antigen (PSA) at one, 3 and 6 months and one year following the procedure. RESULTS: The technique was successful in 96% of patients (76.2% bilateral and 19.8% unilateral). The mean duration of the procedure was 92minutes and of the radioscopy 35.2minutes. Statistically significant changes were demonstrated (p <.05) in PSA, peak urinary flow, QoL (quality of life) questionnaire and the International Index of Erectile Function (IPSS). PSA had reduced by 58% from baseline at 3 months. Similarly, the Qmax had increased significantly by 63% in the third month following embolisation. A significant improvement in the QoL and IPSS tests was achieved, with a reduction of 3.7 points and a mean 13.5 points, respectively, at one year's follow-up. Prostate volume showed a non-statistically significant decrease at follow-up of one year following treatment. A series of minor complications was collected, no case of which required hospital admission. CONCLUSIONS: Prostatic embolisation for the treatment of BPH proved an effective and safe technique in patients who were not candidates for surgery


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Embolização Terapêutica , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Artérias/patologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Qualidade de Vida , Reologia/métodos , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Estudos Prospectivos , Angiografia/métodos , Fluoroscopia/métodos
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(26): e20849, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ingestion of a foreign body can cause different degrees of damage to esophagus, and several complications are potentially life-threatening if not properly handled. The aortic injury caused by a perforating esophageal foreign body is rare but lethal. The optimal management still remains controversial. The purpose of this report is to describe our experience in the management of the aortic injury caused by esophageal foreign body ingestion. METHODS: Between January 2015 and December 2015, we retrospectively enrolled cases of esophageal perforation involving the aorta by foreign body. The general parameters, esophageal foreign body, types of aortic injury, treatment, and outcome were analyzed. Additionally, we reviewed the literature of the management of esophageal perforation involving the aorta caused by foreign bodies. The study was approved by the ethics committee of the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, and the need for informed consent was waived (Quick review 2019, No. 609). RESULTS: Three cases of esophageal perforation involving the aorta by foreign body was selected in the study. Two male and 1 female patients (range, 51-58 years old) with the aorta involvement caused by a perforating foreign body in the esophagus in 3 forms were identified, including 1 patient with mycotic aortic pseudoaneurysm, 1 patient with aortoesophageal fistula and 1 patient with the aortic intramural hematoma. One patient died of the rupture of the pseudoaneurysm during the preparation of the surgery. The other 2 patients were cured with a multidisciplinary approach, which is an urgent thoracic endovascular aortic repair followed by mediastinal debridement/drainage or endoscopic retrieval. Two of 3 patients were survived until now. CONCLUSION: The management of the aortic injury caused by esophageal foreign body injury is challenging. Early diagnosis and multidisciplinary management is crucial.


Assuntos
Aorta/lesões , Corpos Estranhos/complicações , Falso Aneurisma/complicações , Angiografia/métodos , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta/patologia , Ingestão de Alimentos/fisiologia , Fístula Esofágica/complicações , Perfuração Esofágica/complicações , Feminino , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
10.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(1): 1e-10e, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to characterize the effect of laser-assisted indocyanine green fluorescence angiography on fat necrosis and flap failure in deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap breast reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 1000 free flaps for breast reconstruction at a single center from 2010 to 2017. Indocyanine green angiography was used after completion of recipient-site anastomoses to subjectively assess for areas of hypoperfusion. A multivariable logistical analysis was conducted with 24 demographic and surgical factors and their effects on fat necrosis and flap failure. RESULTS: Five hundred six DIEP flaps were included in the statistical analyses. Thirteen percent of flaps had fat necrosis. Indocyanine green angiography was used for 200 flaps and was independently associated with a decrease in the odds of fat necrosis (OR, 0.38; p = 0.004). There was no reduction in flap failure rates when using indocyanine green angiography (OR, 1.15; p = 0.85). However, there was a decrease in flap loss with increasing venous coupler diameter (OR, 0.031 per 1-mm increase; p = 0.012). The 84.9-g higher weight of resected tissue before inset without indocyanine green angiography versus the weight of the tissue resected with indocyanine green angiography was statistically significant (p = 0.01). Per single incident of fat necrosis, our cohort underwent an additional 0.69 revision procedures, 1.22 imaging studies, 0.77 biopsies, and 1.7 additional oncologic office visits. CONCLUSION: Intraoperative indocyanine green fluorescence angiography decreases the odds of fat necrosis, saves volume when flap trimming at inset, and can significantly reduce the postoperative surveillance burden in DIEP-based breast reconstruction. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, III.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Necrose Gordurosa/prevenção & controle , Mamoplastia/métodos , Retalho Perfurante/irrigação sanguínea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artérias Epigástricas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/administração & dosagem , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Lasers , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234664, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32544179

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare quantitative changes in macular parameters in diabetic patients detected by two optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) instruments. METHODS: 80 phakic eyes were classified as no diabetes, diabetes without diabetic retinopathy (DR), mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), and severe NPDR or proliferative DR (PDR). OCTA was performed using devices from two manufacturers (Zeiss and Heidelberg). Superficial and deeper vascular skeleton density (SVSD, DVSD), superficial and deeper vessel area density (SVAD, DVAD), choriocapillaris flow voids (CCFV), and choroidal flow voids (CFV) were calculated. Inter-device comparisons were performed using the size comparison index (SCI) and the discrepancy index (DI). RESULTS: The two devices were inconsistent in SVSD, DVSD, DVAD, CCFV and CFV parameters (all P < 0.05). In addition, the SCI was positive for DVAD (all P < 0.001) and negative for SVSD, DVSD, CCFV and CFV in all groups (all P <0.001), except for DVSD in severe NPDR or PDR. The discrepancy index was not significantly different among groups for SVD, SPD, DVD, DPD and CFV (all P> 0.05). The mean DI of CCFV was statistically different between the four groups (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The two instruments were largely inconsistent in the measurement of macular parameters relevant to DR. The choice of imaging device can impact OCTA analytics and should be taken into account when drawing conclusions about DR-related changes.


Assuntos
Angiografia , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico por imagem , Olho/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/instrumentação , Angiografia/instrumentação , Angiografia/métodos , Angiografia/normas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Complicações do Diabetes/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/normas
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(21): e20403, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481341

RESUMO

Hepatic artery variations increase the difficulty of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD). The safety and efficacy of LPD in the presence of aberrant hepatic arteries (AHA) must be further verified.Patients with normal and variant hepatic arteries who underwent LPD and preoperative arterial angiography were retrospectively analyzed. Variation type, intraoperative management, and clinical treatment outcomes were compared.There were 54 cases (24.8%) of AHA. The most common hepatic artery variation was accessory right hepatic artery (RHA) from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA, n = 12, 5.5%), followed by replaced RHA from the SMA (n = 10, 4.6%), accessory left hepatic artery from the SMA (n = 10, 4.6%), and replaced common hepatic artery from the SMA (n = 6, 2.8%). Each type of arterial variation was successfully preserved in all cases, and there were no significant effects on the evaluated surgical indices, conversion rate, incidence of postoperative complications, or follow-up results.Our findings indicated that preservation of AHAs during total LPD is feasible. There were no significant effects on surgical indices, incidence of postoperative complications, or follow-up outcomes.The influence of AHA on the safety and efficacy of LPD must be further verified. Patients with normal and variant hepatic arteries who underwent LPD and preoperative arterial angiography were retrospectively analyzed. There were 54 cases (24.8%) of AHA. There were no significant effects of AHAs on surgical indices, incidence of postoperative complications, or follow-up outcomes.


Assuntos
Angiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Artéria Hepática/anormalidades , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Angiografia/métodos , Feminino , Artéria Hepática/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(2): 276-279, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474513

RESUMO

Purpose: To study the arterial distribution of embosphere microsphere (EM) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles in rabbit mesenteric artery using in vivo microscopy.To study the arterial distribution of embosphere microsphere (EM) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles in rabbit mesenteric artery using in vivo microscopy. Methods: Sixteen New Zealand rabbits were divided into four groups, namely large PVA (560-710 µm), small PVA (150-350 µm), large EM (500-700 µm), and small EM (100-300 µm). The mesenteric arteries of the experimental animals were embolized under fluoroscopic guidance and visualized using in vivo microscopy. The embolized vessel diameter and arterial distribution of embolic agents were compared. Results: The diameters of occluded vessels in large PVA, small PVA, large EM, and small EM groups were 430.60 ± 67.30, 200.95 ± 70.54, 387.79 ± 92.51, and 143.81 ± 39.65 µm, respectively. PVA occluded significantly larger vessels than EM when the particle size was similar (P < 0.001). The proportion of EM at the bifurcation of the artery was significantly higher than that of PVA particles (large PVA < large EM, χ2 = 4.325, P < 0.038; small PVA < small EM, χ2 = 6.68, P < 0.01). Conclusion: Both PVA and EM could occlude vessels smaller than the particle size, and EM resulted in deeper penetration. The location of embolic particles in the artery is mainly related to the shape of particles.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Microscopia Intravital/métodos , Artérias Mesentéricas/metabolismo , Microesferas , Álcool de Polivinil/farmacocinética , Animais , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Artérias Mesentéricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Modelos Animais , Tamanho da Partícula , Álcool de Polivinil/química , Coelhos
14.
J Clin Neurosci ; 77: 211-212, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409217

RESUMO

We present a case of a midline thoracic disc herniation causing acute anterior spinal artery (ASA) syndrome successfully managed surgically. A 54-year-old female with no significant past medical history presented with sudden onset severe back pain followed by rapidly evolving paraparesis with urinary and bowel incontinence. Her neurological exam was consistent with ASA syndrome. An MRI revealed T2 signal change in the thoracic spinal cord and midline disc herniation at the level of T8/T9. Spinal angiography revealed an ASA arising the right T11 segmental artery with no flow towards the T8/T9 region. The patient underwent a T8/T9 discectomy with a lateral interbody fusion that resulted in dramatic clinical improvement. A postoperative angiogram confirmed improvement of flow in the ASA. This is the first report of an angiographically confirmed symptomatic ASA syndrome caused by a thoracic disc herniation successfully managed with up-front surgery.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Artéria Espinal Anterior/etiologia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Angiografia/métodos , Síndrome da Artéria Espinal Anterior/cirurgia , Dor nas Costas/etiologia , Discotomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paraparesia/etiologia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia
16.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 4: CD013280, 2020 04 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer will affect one in eight women during their lifetime. The opportunity to restore the removed tissue and cosmetic appearance is provided by reconstructive breast surgery following skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM). Mastectomy skin flap necrosis (MSFN) is a common complication following SSM breast reconstruction. This postoperative complication can be prevented by intraoperative assessment of mastectomy skin flap viability and intervention when tissue perfusion is compromised. Indocyanine green fluorescence angiography is presumed to be a better predictor of MSFN compared to clinical evaluation alone. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of indocyanine green fluorescence angiography (ICGA) for preventing mastectomy skin flap necrosis in women undergoing immediate breast reconstruction following skin-sparing mastectomy. To summarise the different ICGA protocols available for assessment of mastectomy skin flap perfusion in women undergoing immediate breast reconstructions following skin-sparing mastectomy. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Breast Cancer Specialised Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; Issue 3, 2019), MEDLINE, Embase, the World Health Organization's International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) and Clinicaltrials.gov in April 2019. In addition, we searched reference lists of published studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included studies that compared the use of ICGA to clinical evaluation to assess mastectomy skin vascularisation and recruited women undergoing immediate autologous or prosthetic reconstructive surgery following SSM for confirmed breast malignancy or high risk of developing breast cancer. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently assessed the risk of bias of the included nonrandomised studies and extracted data on postoperative outcomes, including postoperative MSFN, reoperation, autologous flap necrosis, dehiscence, infection, haematoma and seroma, and patient-related outcomes. The quality of the evidence was assessed using the GRADE approach and we constructed two 'Summary of finding's tables: one for the comparison of ICGA to clinical evaluation on a per patient basis and one on a per breast basis. MAIN RESULTS: Nine nonrandomised cohort studies met the inclusion criteria and involved a total of 1589 women with 2199 breast reconstructions. We included seven retrospective and two prospective cohort studies. Six studies reported the number of MSFN on a per breast basis for a total of 1435 breasts and three studies reported the number of MSFN on a per patient basis for a total of 573 women. Five studies reported the number of other complications on a per breast basis for a total of 1370 breasts and four studies reported the number on a per patient basis for a total of 613 patients. Therefore, we decided to pool data separately. Risk of bias for each included nonrandomised study was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for cohort studies. There was serious concern with risk of bias due to the nonrandomised study design of all included studies and the low comparability of cohorts in most studies. The quality of the evidence was found to be very low, after downgrading the quality of evidence twice for imprecision based on the small sample sizes and low number of events in the included studies. Postoperative complications on a per patient basis We are uncertain about the effect of ICGA on MSFN (RR 0.79, 95% CI 0.40 to 1.56; three studies, 573 participants: very low quality of evidence), infection rates (RR 0.91, 95% CI 0.60 to 1.40; four studies, 613 participants: very low quality of evidence), haematoma rates (RR 0.87, 95% CI 0.30 to 2.53; two studies, 459 participants: very low quality of evidence) and seroma rates (RR 1.68, 95% CI 0.41 to 6.80; two studies, 408 participants: very low quality of evidence) compared to the clinical group. We found evidence that ICGA may reduce reoperation rates (RR 0.50, 95% CI 0.35 to 0.72; four studies, 613 participants: very low quality of evidence). One study considered dehiscence as an outcome. In this single study, dehiscence was observed in 2.2% of participants (4/184) in the ICGA group compared to 0.5% of participants (1/184) in the clinical group (P = 0.372). The RR was 4.00 (95% CI 0.45 to 35.45; one study; 368 participants; very low quality of evidence). Postoperative complications on a per breast basis We found evidence that ICGA may reduce MSFN (RR 0.62, 95% CI 0.48 to 0.82; six studies, 1435 breasts: very low quality of evidence), may reduce reoperation rates (RR 0.65, 95% CI 0.47 to 0.92; five studies, 1370 breasts: very low quality of evidence) and may reduce infection rates (RR 0.65, 95% CI 0.44 to 0.97; five studies, 1370 breasts: very low quality of evidence) compared to the clinical group. We are uncertain about the effect of ICGA on haematoma rates (RR 1.53, CI 95% 0.47 to 4.95; four studies, 1042 breasts: very low quality of evidence) and seroma rates (RR 0.71, 95% CI 0.37 to 1.35; two studies, 528 breasts: very low quality of evidence). None of the studies reported patient-related outcomes. ICGA protocols: eight studies used the SPY System and one study used the Photodynamic Eye imaging system (PDE) to assess MSFN. ICGA protocols in the included studies were not extensively described in most studies. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Although mastectomy skin flap perfusion is performed more frequently using ICGA as a helpful tool, there is a lack of high-quality evidence in the context of randomised controlled trials. The quality of evidence in this review is very low, since only nonrandomised cohort studies have been included. With the results from this review, no conclusions can be drawn about what method of assessment is best to use during breast reconstructive surgery. High-quality randomised controlled studies that compare the use of ICGA to assess MSFN compared to clinical evaluation are needed.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Corantes , Verde de Indocianina , Mamoplastia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/patologia , Viés , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Hematoma/epidemiologia , Humanos , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Mastectomia/métodos , Necrose/epidemiologia , Necrose/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seroma/epidemiologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/irrigação sanguínea , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
17.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0232255, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate retinal vascular changes on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in patients with macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel 2) and to assess their correlation with visual acuity. METHODS: Twenty-six patients (52 eyes) with MacTel 2 and 20 age-matched controls (40 eyes) were included. Fundus examinations, including fundus autofluorescence, swept-source optical coherence tomography, and OCTA, were performed. Differences in the vascular density in the fovea and parafovea, the area of the foveal avascular zone, and the diameter of the ellipsoid zone defect of the two groups were analyzed. RESULTS: The foveal vascular density of the superficial capillary plexus was significantly lower in the MacTel 2 group than in the control group (p = 0.027). The vascular density in the entire deep capillary plexus was also significantly less in the MacTel 2 group than in the control group (all p < 0.05). The mean diameter of ellipsoid-zone disruption on OCT in the MacTel 2 group was 634.6 ± 104.3 𝜇m. The foveal avascular zone areas of the superficial and deep capillary plexuses were significantly enlarged in the MacTel 2 group compared to those in the control group (0.45 ± 0.12 mm2 vs. 0.27 ± 0.08 mm2, p < 0.001; 0.56 ± 0.15 mm2 vs. 0.40 ± 0.14 mm2, p = 0.001). In addition, the enlarged foveal avascular zone of the superficial and deep plexus was negatively correlated with best corrected visual acuity (logMAR) in MacTel 2 patients (p = 0.013, r = -0.642 and p = 0.042, and r = -0.511, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Retinal vascular density changes occur in the superficial fovea and in the entire deep capillary plexus of patients with MacTel 2. The enlarged foveal avascular zone areas of the superficial and deep plexuses were prominent in the MacTel 2 group, and this enlargement correlates with worsened visual acuity.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Telangiectasia Retiniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fóvea Central/irrigação sanguínea , Fóvea Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Macula Lutea/irrigação sanguínea , Macula Lutea/diagnóstico por imagem , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 61(4): 45, 2020 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343783

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure alterations of inner retinal microvascular density and outer retinal sublayer thicknesses in pathological myopia, and to correlate the measured parameters with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Methods: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) images of 21 control, 48 simple high myopia, and 22 pathological myopia eyes were analyzed to quantify the thicknesses of the outer retinal sublayers and the density of the inner retinal microvascular network that includes the superficial retinal capillary plexus (SRCP) and deep retinal capillary plexus (DRCP). Retinal sublayer thicknesses and microvascular densities were compared among the three groups, and correlations of sublayer thicknesses and microvascular densities with BCVA were determined. Results: In pathological myopia, density of the DRCP, thicknesses of myoid and ellipsoid zone (MEZ), interdigitation zone and retinal pigment epithelium/Bruch complex (IZ + RPE), and choroid were lower than in simple high myopia (P < 0.05). The decreased DRCP density was correlated with thinner MEZ and IZ+RPE in pathological myopia (P < 0.05), but not in simple high myopia (P > 0.05). Simple linear regression showed that axial length, female, thicknesses of outer plexiform layer (OPL), MEZ, IZ + RPE, choroid, and density of the SRCP and DRCP were correlated with BCVA. In multiple regression analysis, worse BCVA was associated only with thinner MEZ, thinner choroid, and decreased DRCP (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Alteration of inner retinal microvascular density and outer retinal sublayer thicknesses occurred in pathological myopia, especially decreased DRCP and thinner MEZ, which were significantly associated with worse BCVA.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Miopia Degenerativa/patologia , Retina/patologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Acuidade Visual , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Microcirculação , Miopia Degenerativa/diagnóstico por imagem , Retina/diagnóstico por imagem , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/patologia , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Retinianos/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
19.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 61(4): 43, 2020 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343786

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate episcleral vasculature in corneal limbus with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in normal controls, port-wine stain (PWS) patients, and Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) patients. Methods: Unilateral eyes from 18 normal controls (25.41 ± 4.00 years), 16 PWS patients (21.35 ± 11.05 years), and 8 SWS patients with ipsilateral late-onset glaucoma (22.13 ± 7.82 years). Each subject underwent slit-lamp examination, applanation tonometry, and OCTA. All OCTA scans were performed using an OCTA system operating at a wavelength of 1050-nm in four quadrants (superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal). The scans were delineated into conjunctival and episcleral layers using IMAGEnet6 for analysis. Results: Slit-lamp and OCTA images demonstrated dense dilated episcleral vessels in PWS and SWS patients, particularly in the SWS group. The mean limbal involvements of episcleral vascular anomalies under slit lamp were respectively 0.00 ± 0.00, 5.44 ± 2.92, and 8.88 ± 2.70 clock hours in the control, PWS, and SWS groups (F = 58.46, P < 0.01). Quantitative analysis of OCTA scans showed that the episcleral vessel density in controls, PWS, and SWS groups were 25.03% ± 1.47%, 28.28% ± 1.96%, and 33.59% ± 3.00%, respectively (F = 18.17, P < 0.01). We also observed higher episcleral vessel diameter index in the SWS and PWS groups in comparison with the controls, particularly in the SWS group (P < 0.01). The vessel measurements, including density and diameter, were significantly correlated with the increased IOP and cup-to-disc (C/D) in SWS patients (P < 0.01). Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of OCTA in PWS and SWS patients and represents direct pathoanatomic evidence for episcleral alterations in SWS patients. The episcleral vessel measurements correlated with the increased IOP and C/D in SWS patients, indicating the episcleral vascular hypertrophy may be a risk factor for glaucoma in adult SWS patients.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Glaucoma/etiologia , Mancha Vinho do Porto/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Sturge-Weber/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Glaucoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glaucoma/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica , Projetos Piloto , Mancha Vinho do Porto/complicações , Mancha Vinho do Porto/patologia , Prognóstico , Valores de Referência , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Microscopia com Lâmpada de Fenda/métodos , Síndrome de Sturge-Weber/complicações , Síndrome de Sturge-Weber/patologia , Tonometria Ocular/métodos
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(15): e19773, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282739

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application value of multiple injections of contrast agent in head and neck CT arteriovenous angiography in children. METHODS: A total of 100 children aged 6 to 7 years who needed head and neck CT arteriovenous angiography were prospectively selected. They were randomly divided into a control group and a research group, with 50 children in each group. The same scanning parameters and reconstruction methods were used. The right median cubital vein was injected intravenously with the contrast agent Omnipaque (350 mg I/ml). For children in the control group, a bolus of undiluted contrast agent (dose was 2 ml/kg, upper limit was 50 ml) was injected 1 time. The arterial phase and vein phase of the head and neck vessels were scanned. For children in the research group, a contrast agent bolus diluted with saline to a concentration of 20% was first injected (dose was 1 ml/kg, upper limit was 25 ml), and then an undiluted contrast agent bolus (dose was 1 ml/kg, upper limit was 25 ml) was injected. Thresholds were used to trigger the scanning of the head and neck arterial phases. The CT image quality of the head and neck arteries and veins, radiation dose and contrast agent dose were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: Subjective evaluation of CT image quality of arteries: there were 47 cases of 4 points and 3 cases of 3 points in the control group and 34 cases of 4 points and 16 cases of 3 points in the research group. Subjective evaluation of CT image quality of veins: there were 47 cases of 4 points and 3 cases of 3 points in the control group and 5 cases of 4 points, 42 cases of 3 points and 3 cases of 2 points in the research group. The CT value of brain arterial vessel enhancement was higher in the control group than the research group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < .05). The CT value of vein enhancement was higher in the control group than the research group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < .05). The X-ray dose in the research group was 51% lower than that in the control group; the contrast agent dose in the research group was 44% lower than that in the control group. CONCLUSION: For the head and neck enhanced CT examination of children, the method of first bolus injection of 20% diluted contrast agent and later bolus injection of undiluted contrast agent can clearly demonstrate the head and neck arteries and veins one time, reducing the X-ray dose and contrast agent dose, which has clinical practical value in the enhanced CT examination of children with head and neck disease.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Cabeça/irrigação sanguínea , Pescoço/irrigação sanguínea , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções , Iohexol , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Doses de Radiação , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
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