Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 36.266
Filtrar
2.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 4158363, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934664

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of drug-coated balloon (DCB) treatment for de novo coronary artery lesions in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Background: DCB was an effective therapy for patients with in-stent restenosis. However, the efficacy of DCB in patients with de novo coronary artery lesions is still unknown. Methods: Eligible studies were searched on PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library Database. Systematic review and meta-analyses of RCTs were performed comparing DCB with non-DCB devices (such as plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA), bare-metal stents (BMS), or drug-eluting stents (DES)) for the treatment of de novo lesions. Trial sequential meta-analysis (TSA) was performed to assess the false positive and false negative errors. Results: A total of 2,137 patients enrolled in 12 RCTs were analyzed. Overall, no significant difference in target lesion revascularization (TLR) was found, but there were numerically lower rates after DCB treatment at 6 to 12 months follow-up (RR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.47 to 1.01; P = 0.06; TSA-adjusted CI: 0.41 to 1.16). TSA showed that at least 1,000 more randomized patients are needed to conclude the effect on TLR. A subgroup analysis from high bleeding risk patients revealed that DCB treatment was associated with lower rate of TLR (RR: 0.10; 95% CI: 0.01 to 0.78; P = 0.03). The systematic review illustrated that the rate of bailout stenting was lower and decreased gradually. Conclusions: DCB treatment was associated with a trend toward lower TLR when compared with controls. For patients at bleeding risk, DCB treatment was superior to BMS in TLR.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 1041-1043, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879262

RESUMO

The current treatment of radiation-induced coronary artery disease (RCAD) is comparable to that of generic coronary artery disease (CAD); however, the outcomes of these treatment measures have not been fully examined in RCAD. A 33-year-old woman, without conventional cardiovascular risk factors, presented with left main coronary artery (LMCA) lesions. At the age of 26, she received mediastinal radiation therapy (RT) to treat mixed cellularity Hodgkin lymphoma. One BiodivYsio 3.5 × 18 mm stent was implanted at the LMCA site. At the age of 38, the patient was treated by balloon dilatation because of approximately 50% in-stent stenosis. At the last follow-up in February 2018, when the patient was 51 years old, she no longer complained of chest pain. Coronary angiography showed no de novo or in-stenosis lesions, although optical coherence tomography showed mild neointimal proliferation, calcific plaque, small ruptured intima, and several uncovered struts. The experience of treating this case may shed some light on coronary stenting in coronary lesions caused by RCAD.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Doença de Hodgkin/radioterapia , Lesões por Radiação/terapia , Stents , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Mediastino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neointima/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21295, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug-coated balloons (DCB) have been a novel alternative therapeutic strategy in de novo coronary artery diseases. However, the clinical feasibility of the DCB-only approach in treating small vessel disease remains controversial, while study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the DCB-only approach versus stent approaches in treating large vessel disease is limited. METHODS: From February 2020 to May 2020, we will search Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, and Chongqing VIP Database for eligible trials comparing DCB with drug-eluting stents for treatment of de novo lesions in both small vessel disease and large vessel disease. The primary endpoint is major adverse cardiac events (MACE); the secondary endpoints include in-lesion late lumen loss, binary restenosis, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization (TLR), mortality and target vessel thrombosis. Meta-analysis will be conducted using Review Manager software (V.5.3). RESULTS: The results will be presented as risk ratios for dichotomous data, and weighted mean differences for continuous data. CONCLUSION: We will assess outcomes of the DCB-only approach in the treatment of de novo lesions compared with the stent approach. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020164484.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
7.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(8): 641-647, 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847319

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of regional transport to percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) hospitals from non-PCI hospitals after thrombolysis in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI) in northwest China. Methods: In this retrospective study, 1 062 STEMI patients who were transferred from non-PCI hospitals within 24 hours from symptom onset, during January 2015 and January 2019 in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University, were included. According to the treatment strategy, they were divided into two groups, namely intravenous thrombolysis combined with PCI group(n=240), and primary PCI group(n=822). Observation endpoint were in-hospital adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events and bleeding events, Including all-cause death, ischemic stroke, malignant arrhythmia, intracranial hemorrhage and hemorrhage with hemoglobin decrease≥50 g/L. Results: A total of 1 062 STEMI patients were included(age was (61±12) years old), with 905 males (85.2%). The proportion of grade 0 TIMI blood flow in the primary PCI group before operation was significantly higher than that in the thrombolysis combined with PCI group(63.0%(518/822) vs. 36.3%(87/240), P<0.001). Compared with primary PCI group, the time from symptom onset to first medical contact(2.11(1.00, 4.00)hours vs.3.00(1.13, 7.07)hours, P<0.001) and reperfusion in thrombolysis combined with PCI group(3.07(1.83, 4.87)hours vs. 6.92(4.07, 11.15) hours, P<0.001) were significantly shorter. The proportion of all-cause death was significantly higher in the primary PCI group than that in the thrombolysis combined with PCI group (1.8%(15/822) vs. 0, P=0.03). There was no significant difference in hemorrhage, ischemic stroke and malignant arrhythmia between the two groups(all P>0.05). Conclusions: For STEMI patients initially hospitalized in non-PCI hospitals, regional transport combined with PCI is feasible and effective. It does not significantly increase the risk of bleeding and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, with shorter time from symptom onset to myocardial reperfusion.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , China , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia Trombolítica , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Intern Med ; 59(13): 1597-1603, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32612063

RESUMO

Objective In primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the door-to-balloon time (DTBT) is known to be associated with in-hospital death in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, little is known regarding the association between the DTBT and the mid-term clinical outcomes in patients with STEMI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the DTBT and mid-term all-cause death. Methods The study population included 309 STEMI patients, who were divided into the short DTBT (DTBT<60 minutes, n=103), intermediate DTBT (DTBT 60-120 minutes, n=174) and long DTBT (DTBT >120 minutes, n=32) groups. The median follow-up period was 287 days (interquartile range: 182-624 days). Results The incidence of all-cause death in the long DTBT group was significantly higher in comparison to the other groups (p<0.001). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, although a short DTBT [vs. intermediate DTBT: hazard ratio (HR) 1.00, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.39-2.55, p=0.99] was not associated with all-cause death, a long DTBT (vs. intermediate DTBT: HR 2.80, 95% CI 1.26-6.17, p=0.011) was significantly associated with all-cause death, after controlling for confounding factors such as Killip class 4, an impaired renal function, and the number of diseased vessels. Conclusion The DTBT was significantly associated with the incidence of mid-term all-cause death. Our results support the strong adherence to the DTBT in patients with STEMI.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 21(2): 309-314, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706219

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to compare in-hospital and long-term events between bailout rotational atherectomy (RA) and planned RA. In this retrospective study, All patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using RA at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from November 2011 to December 2018 were enrolled in this study. Planned RA was defined as RA performed immediately before balloon pre-dilation, while bailout RA was defined as RA after failure to expand the balloon or perform any other procedure. In-hospital and long-term major adverse cardiac events (MACE, defined as cardiac mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), target vessel revascularization (TVR) and stroke) were compared between the two groups. After statistical analysis, a total of 211 patients underwent PCI with RA during the study period: 153 in the planned RA group, and 58 in the bailout group. The incidence of coronary dissection was significantly higher in the bailout RA group than in the planned RA group (22.4% vs. 6.5%, P = 0.001). However, no significant difference in in-hospital MACE was found between the two groups (12.1% vs. 13.7%, P = 0.752). There was no difference in all-cause mortality (9.1% vs. 12.5%, P = 0.504) or long-term MACE (13.8% vs. 17.1%, P = 0.560) between the groups. Bailout RA was associated with a significantly longer procedural time (139.86 ± 56.24 min vs. 105.56 ± 36.71 min, P < 0.001) than planned RA. Therefore, compared with bailout RA, planned RA is associated with shorter procedural time and reduced incidence of coronary dissection, with no difference in MACE or mortality.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Aterectomia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Aterectomia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia Coronária/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , China/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Traumatismos Cardíacos/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 21(7): 502-508, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555565

RESUMO

During the early phase of the lockdown following the COVID-19 pandemic, an alarm on the impact on cardiology admissions for cardiac causes, particularly in the field of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), has emerged. In order to evaluate this trend, we analyzed the literature data published since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic to date, in addition to our intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU) experience. This analysis showed (i) a reduction of the overall ICCU admissions up to 50%; (ii) a 40-50% reduction of ACS admissions, greater for non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) than for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); (iii) a reduction greater than 50% of coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary angioplasty; (iv) a higher time delay of STEMI; and (v) a higher number of ICCU admissions for non-primarily cardiac problems. In conclusion, the lockdown imposed due to the spread of COVID-19 infection has led to a change in the number and type of cardiology admissions. It seems therefore necessary that patients, especially for time-dependent diseases such as ACS, continue to refer to hospital care; that contemporary standard of care for acute cardiac disease should be guaranteed, and that intensivist cardiologists acquire specific skills for the treatment of patients with clinical conditions normally treated by other specialists.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Idoso , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Medição de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
12.
Angiology ; 71(8): 677-688, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567327

RESUMO

Vascular calcification is a highly prevalent pathophenotype that is associated with aging, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and chronic kidney disease. When present, it portends a worse clinical outcome and predicts major adverse cardiovascular events. Heavily calcified coronary and peripheral artery lesions are difficult to dilate appropriately with conventional balloons during percutaneous intervention, and the use of several adjunctive strategies of plaque modification has been suggested. Intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) offers a novel option for lesion preparation of severely calcified plaques in coronary and peripheral vessels. It is unique among all technologies in its ability to modify calcium circumferentially and transmurally, thus modifying transmural conduit compliance. In this article, we summarize the currently available evidence on this technology, and we highlight its best clinical application through appropriate patient and lesion selection, with the main objective of optimizing stent delivery and implantation, and subsequent improved short- and long-term outcomes. We believe that the IVL balloon will transform the market, as it is easy to use, with predictable results. However, cost-effectiveness of such advanced technology will need to be considered.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Litotripsia , Calcificação Vascular/terapia , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Litotripsia/instrumentação , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234340, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579587

RESUMO

The experimental quantification and modeling of the multiaxial mechanical response of polymer membranes of coronary balloon catheters have not yet been carried out. Due to the lack of insights, it is not shown whether isotropic material models can describe the material response of balloon catheter membranes expanded with nominal or higher, supra-nominal pressures. Therefore, for the first time, specimens of commercial polyamide-12 balloon catheters membranes were investigated during uniaxial and biaxial loading scenarios. Furthermore, the influence of kinematic effects on the material response was observed by comparing results from quasi-static and dynamic biaxial extension tests. Novel clamping techniques are described, which allow to test even tiny specimens taken from the balloon membranes. The results of this study reveal the semi-compliant, nonlinear, and viscoelastic character of polyamide-12 balloon catheter membranes. Above nominal pressure, the membranes show a pronounced anisotropic mechanical behavior with a stiffer response in the circumferential direction. The anisotropic feature intensifies with an increasing strain-rate. A modified polynomial model was applied to represent the realistic mechanical response of the balloon catheter membranes during dynamic biaxial extension tests. This study also includes a compact set of constitutive model parameters for the use of the proposed model in future finite element analyses to perform more accurate simulations of expanding balloon catheters.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Nylons/química , Anisotropia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia , Cateteres Cardíacos/tendências , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Coração/fisiologia , Membranas/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Nylons/farmacologia , Estresse Mecânico , Resistência à Tração/fisiologia
14.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(10): 1811-1819, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524242

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the additional debulking efficacy of low-speed rotational atherectomy (RA) after high-speed RA by using intravascular imaging. A total of 22 severe calcified coronary lesions in 19 patients (age, 74 ± 10 years; 74% male) were retrospectively analyzed. All of these lesions underwent RA under optical coherence tomography (OCT) or optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) guidance. At first, we performed high-speed RA with 220,000 rpm until the reduction of rotational speed disappeared; then, low-speed RA with 120,000 rpm using the same burr size was performed. OCT or OFDI was performed after both high-speed and low-speed RAs, and the minimum lumen area were compared. The initial and final burr sizes of high-speed RA were 1.5 (1.5-1.75) and 1.75 (1.5-2.0) mm, respectively. The number of sessions, total duration time, and maximum decreased rotational speed during high-speed RA were 11 ± 5 times, 113 ± 47 s, and 4000 (3000-5000) rpm, respectively. During low-speed RA, the number of sessions, total duration time, and maximum reduction of rotational speed were 3 ± 1 times, 32 ± 11 s, and 1000 (0-2000) rpm, respectively. The minimum lumen area was similar between after high-speed and after low-speed RA [2.61 ± 1.03 mm2 (after high-speed RA) vs. 2.65 ± 1.00 mm2 (after low-speed RA); P = 0.91]. Additional low-speed RA immediately after sufficient debulking by high-speed RA was not associated with increased lumen enlargement. There was no clinical efficacy of low-speed RA after high-speed RA.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Aterectomia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Calcificação Vascular/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 1042329, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411298

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of drug-coated balloons (DCB) with everolimus-eluting stents (EES) in the treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR) and the differential relative effect of DCB in patients with drug-eluting stents (DES)-ISR and bare metal stents (BMS)-ISR. Background: The efficiency and safety of DCB and EES need to be assessed for the treatment of ISR. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed and EMBASE to identify all relevant studies. Angiographic results and clinical events were separately assessed. Subgroup meta-analyses were performed according to the type of restenosed stent. Results: Six randomized trials with 1134 patients were included. The overall pooled outcomes indicated that DCB was associated with lower minimum lumen diameter (mean difference (MD) = -0.17, 95% CI = -0.29 to -0.05, P = 0.006) and higher target lesion revascularization (risk ratio (RR) = 2.38, 95% CI = 1.36 to 4.18, P = 0.002) than EES. However, the subgroup meta-analyses showed that DCB was inferior to EES only in DES-ISR patients, with lower minimum lumen diameter (MD = -0.25, 95% CI = -0.37 to -0.14, P < 0.001), higher percent diameter stenosis (MD = 5.37, 95% CI = 1.33 to 9.42, P = 0.009), more binary restenosis (RR = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.20 to 3.58, P = 0.009), and higher incidence of target vessel revascularization (RR = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.22 to 3.50, P = 0.007) and target lesion revascularization (RR = 2.43, 95% CI = 1.28 to 4.22, P = 0.002). No differences in angiographic results and clinical events were found between DCB and EES in BMS-ISR patients. Conclusions: DCB was inferior to EES in DES-ISR and comparable in BMS-ISR in terms of angiographic results and clinical events.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(8): 1395-1406, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409977

RESUMO

Immediate assessment of coronary microcirculation during treatment of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) may facilitate patient stratification for targeted treatment algorithms. Use of pressure-wire to measure the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) is possible but has inevitable practical restrictions. We aimed to develop and validate angiography-derived index of microcirculatory resistance (IMRangio) as a novel and pressure-wire-free index to facilitate assessment of the coronary microcirculation. 45 STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) were enrolled. Immediately before stenting and at completion of pPCI, IMR was measured within the infarct related artery (IRA). At the same time points, 2 angiographic views were acquired during hyperaemia to measure quantitative flow ratio (QFR) from which IMRangio was derived. In a subset of 15 patients both IMR and IMRangio were also measured in the non-IRA. Patients underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) at 48 h for assessment of microvascular obstruction (MVO). IMRangio and IMR were significantly correlated (ρ: 0.85, p < 0.001). Both IMR and IMRangio were higher in the IRA rather than in the non-IRA (p = 0.01 and p = 0.006, respectively) and were higher in patients with evidence of clinically significant MVO (> 1.55% of left ventricular mass) (p = 0.03 and p = 0.005, respectively). Post-pPCI IMRangio presented and area under the curve (AUC) of 0.96 (CI95% 0.92-1.00, p < 0.001) for prediction of post-pPCI IMR > 40U and of 0.81 (CI95% 0.65-0.97, p < 0.001) for MVO > 1.55%. IMRangio is a promising tool for the assessment of coronary microcirculation. Assessment of IMR without the use of a pressure-wire may enable more rapid, convenient and cost-effective assessment of coronary microvascular function.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Circulação Coronária , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Microcirculação , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Resistência Vascular , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Stents , Transdutores de Pressão
18.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(9): 1609-1615, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418050

RESUMO

Contemporary debulking devices such as rotational or orbital atherectomy can modify severe calcified lesions before stent implantation. Actually, we occasionally experience stent underexpansion without debulking devices in not severe but moderate calcified lesions although we expect good stent expansion. We aimed to investigate useful calcium parameters correlated with stent expansion in moderate calcified lesions. We enrolled 50 consecutive moderate calcified lesions in 47 patients who underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT) guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between January 2017 and March 2019. The exclusion criteria were the lesions without any calcium and treated with rotational or orbital atherectomy. We compared stent sizing, length, post balloon sizing, post balloon pressure, mean reference area, pre-procedure area stenosis and various calcium parameters including calcium arc, maximum calcium thickness, depth, longitudinal length in pre-PCI OCT with post-PCI stent expansion by simple and multiple regression analysis. Maximum calcium thickness was an independent predictor for stent expansion, while the other calcium parameters were not associated. The optimal thresholds of maximum calcium thickness for predicting acceptable stent expansion defined by 80% was 880 µm (area under curve: 0.73). Maximum calcium thickness < 880 µm is a useful predictor for acceptable stent expansion in moderate calcified lesions.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA