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3.
J Surg Res ; 257: 294-305, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents impair post-angioplasty re-endothelialization thus compromising restenosis prevention while heightening thrombotic risks. We recently found that inhibition of protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) effectively mitigated both restenosis and thrombosis in rodent models. This motivated us to determine how PERK inhibition impacts re-endothelialization. METHODS: Re-endothelialization was evaluated in endothelial-denuded rat carotid arteries after balloon angioplasty and periadventitial administration of PERK inhibitor in a hydrogel. To study whether PERK in smooth muscle cells (SMCs) regulates re-endothelialization by paracrinally influencing endothelial cells (ECs), denuded arteries exposing SMCs were lentiviral-infected to silence PERK; in vitro, the extracellular vesicles isolated from the medium of PDGF-activated, PERK-upregulating human primary SMCs were transferred to human primary ECs. RESULTS: Treatment with PERK inhibitor versus vehicle control accelerated re-endothelialization in denuded arteries. PERK-specific silencing in the denuded arterial wall (mainly SMCs) also enhanced re-endothelialization compared to scrambled shRNA control. In vitro, while medium transfer from PDGF-activated SMCs impaired EC viability and increased the mRNA levels of dysfunctional EC markers, either PERK inhibition or silencing in donor SMCs mitigated these EC changes. Furthermore, CXCL10, a paracrine cytokine detrimental to ECs, was increased by PDGF activation and decreased after PERK inhibition or silencing in SMCs. CONCLUSIONS: Attenuating PERK activity pharmacologically or genetically provides an approach to accelerating post-angioplasty re-endothelialization in rats. The mechanism may involve paracrine factors regulated by PERK in SMCs that impact neighboring ECs. This study rationalizes future development of PERK-targeted endothelium-friendly vascular interventions.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Reestenose Coronária/prevenção & controle , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Reepitelização/efeitos dos fármacos , eIF-2 Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Animais , Artérias Carótidas/efeitos dos fármacos , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Endotélio Vascular/citologia , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Liso Vascular/citologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Comunicação Parácrina/efeitos dos fármacos , Comunicação Parácrina/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Ratos , Reepitelização/genética , eIF-2 Quinase/genética
4.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(9): 1410-1418.e10, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868016

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate sex-related disparities in long-term outcomes of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) treated with IN.PACT drug-coated balloon (DCB) or percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A post hoc analysis of the IN.PACT SFA trial was performed. Participants with Rutherford Clinical Classification 2-4 PAD and femoropopliteal artery lesions up to 18 cm long were randomly assigned to treatment with DCB (n = 220) or PTA (n = 111). Effectiveness outcomes were evaluated, including 36-month primary patency (freedom from binary restenosis and freedom from clinically driven [CD] target lesion revascularization [TLR]). RESULTS: In the DCB group, women were significantly older (69.4 y ± 9.9) than men (66.4 y ± 9.1; P = .025). Mean reference vessel diameter (RVD) was significantly smaller in women (4.4 mm ± 0.68) compared with men (4.8 mm ± 0.89, P < .001). Primary patency was 65.4% in women and 71.8% in men (P = .302). Freedom from CD-TLR was 81.1% in women and 86.4% in men (P = .285). Women treated with PTA were older (70.4 y ± 8.3) than men (66.9 y ± 9.5; P = .063). Mean RVD was significantly smaller in women (4.2 mm ± 0.77) compared with men (4.9 mm ± 0.77, P < .001). Primary patency was 42.3% in women and 46.7% in men (P = .551). Freedom from CD-TLR was 59.4% in women and 75.5% in men (P = .109). No significant differences were noted in safety and mortality outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In both groups, women were older and had smaller vessels. Particularly in the PTA group, women had worse clinical outcomes, though not reaching statistical significance. Further evaluation is necessary to understand the disparate nature of disease progression and outcomes following endovascular treatment in women compared with men.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Artéria Femoral , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Método Simples-Cego , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
7.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 325-329, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32982261

RESUMO

Lumivascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel adjunct in the field of medicine. It offers clear real-time imaging of artery walls before and during endovascular intervention. This study reports our initial experience on the use of lumivascular OCT-guided atherectomy in the management of two patients with recurrent restenosis in their femoropopliteal arteries associated with in-stent restenosis. Endovascular procedures were successful with a Pantheris atherectomy device (Avinger, Redwood City, CA, USA) and drug-eluting balloons. The OCT images clearly distinguished normal anatomy from plaque pathology, were of great advantage in both the accurate diagnosis and treatment of target lesions, and may reduce radiation during the endovascular procedure. However, the price of the device and its need for contrast infusion limit its routine clinical use.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Aterectomia , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/instrumentação , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(10): 1661-1667, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921564

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy using the Rotarex catheter combined with drug-coated balloon (DCB) in treatment of femoropopliteal artery occlusive disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2016 and February 2018, 81 patients with acute or subacute femoropopliteal artery occlusions were treated with the Rotarex catheter combined with DCB. Lesions were classified according to the onset of symptoms as acutely (< 14 d) or subacutely (14 d to 3 mo) occluded. The mean lesion length was 12.1 cm ± 6.7. The primary endpoint was target lesion patency at 1 year as evaluated by duplex ultrasound (peak systolic velocity ratio < 2.4) and freedom from clinically indicated target lesion revascularization. Amputation rate, major adverse events, and ankle-brachial index at 12 months were evaluated. RESULTS: Technical success rate was 100% (n = 81). Bailout stents were necessary in 14 patients owing to residual stenosis or flow-limiting dissection. Additional thrombolysis was applied in 10 interventions. No major adverse events occurred during hospital stay. There were 9 restenosis cases during the 12-month follow-up period. Primary patency rate was 87.3% (62/71), and freedom from target lesion revascularization rate was 90.1% (64/71). Ankle-brachial index significantly increased from 0.46 ± 0.15 to 0.77 ± 0.14 during follow-up. The amputation rate was 1.4% at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: These initial data from 2 centers suggest that the combination of the Rotarex catheter and DCB may be safe and effective for treatment of acute or subacute thrombotic femoropopliteal occlusion with superior immediate and midterm results achieved.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Artéria Femoral , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Trombectomia , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Pequim , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
9.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105155, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is not a widely accepted optimal rate of stent opening in patients underwent carotid artery stenting. In this study we evaluated the effect of carotid stent opening rate (CSOR) without performing post-dilation on in-hospital and long-term outcomes. METHODS: A total of 825 patient patients underwent carotid artery stenting without post-dilation enrolled to the study. The patients divided into two groups according to their final CSOR (50% ≤ Post-stent deployment (SD) <80% and 80% ≤ Post-SD ≤ 100%). In-hospital and 3-year outcomes were compared between the groups. RESULTS: During hospitalization, the rate of ipsilateral stroke, major stroke and transient ischemic attacks were similar between the groups (respectively; 6.2% vs. 4.1, P = 0.190; 1.5% vs. 1.8, P = 0.811; 1.5% vs. 1.9%, P = 0.683). The 3-year Kaplan-Meier overall survival rates for the first and second groups were 87.6% and 84.4%, respectively (log rank test P = 0.426). The 3-year Kaplan-Meier overall cumulative ipsilateral stroke rates for the first and second groups were 88.0% and 88.6%, respectively (log rank test P = 0.409) CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that a CSOR higher than 50% without performing a post-dilation might be an effective therapeutic approach since there was not a significant difference regarding outcomes between the patients with a 50% ≤ Post-SD <80% and 80% ≤ Post-SD ≤ 100%. The need for post-stent balloon dilation might have been eliminated due to subsequent stent self-expansion.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Stents , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105131, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912533

RESUMO

AIM: Symptomatic carotid artery chronic total occlusion (SCACTO) can lead to neurocognitive function decline and carries a high risk or recurrent stroke. The treatment option is limited, endovascular intervention may be an alternative treatment but still controversial. To our knowledge, the staged carotid angioplasty and stenting (SCAS) did not previously reported. The purpose of this study was to report our experiences in this novel technique. METHODS: In 2017-2018, we attempted the staged carotid angioplasty and stenting (SCAS) approach in 13 patients who received SCACTO treatment. The SCAS approach involves two stages of intervention. The first stage involves initial recanalization and initial small-sized balloon angioplasty. The second stage, which is performed 4-6 weeks later, involves angioplasty and carotid stent placement. RESULTS: The success rate of SCAS was 76.9%. At the second stage, the lumen remained patent in all the patients. The mean spontaneous increase in lumen diameter after 4-6 weeks was 51.7%. The median length of the stent was 4.0 cm, and the median number of stents used was 1. One patient had a complication of dissection, with a complication rate of 7.6%. CONCLUSIONS: SCAS is a novel technique in the endovascular treatment of SCACTO. It is a feasible and safe approach that could reduce the complication rate and number of carotid stents needed.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Stents , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
12.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 454.e13-454.e16, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768530

RESUMO

A 27-year-old male patient suffering from dizziness and right amaurosis was diagnosed with Takayasu arteritis (TA). Computed tomography angiography showed that all the supra-aortic arteries were occluded except an aberrant right subclavian artery. The patient underwent drug-coated balloon dilatation at the lesion of the right common carotid artery and performed well after the procedure. Six months later, the patient's symptoms have not recurred and computed tomography angiography showed the right carotid artery remains patency. The supra-aortic artery lesions in TA may be a potential novel indication for a drug-coated balloon.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Artéria Carótida Primitiva , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Arterite de Takayasu/complicações , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Adulto , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/etiologia , Estenose das Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
13.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 441-446, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736023

RESUMO

Chronic juxtarenal aortoiliac occlusion (JRO) represents the most severe form of aortoiliac occlusive disease, classified under Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC II) as a TASC II D lesion with surgical treatment as the main recommendation. Although endovascular revascularization of other TASC II D lesions are routinely performed, JRO is often considered a contraindication for endovascular treatment due to the extensive nature, extending from the level of the renal arteries down to the iliac arteries. We hereby illustrate an intravascular ultrasound-guided re-entry based technique to facilitate endovascular reconstruction of a JRO. A 58-year-old man with JRO presented with an infected nonhealing forefoot ulcer. A transradial pigtail catheter was positioned at the level of the occlusion as an imaging catheter and landmark for re-entry. Subintimal wiring was performed through bilateral groin accesses to the level of the pigtail catheter. Intravascular-guided re-entry catheter was used to identify the true lumen guide firing of the needle catheter, allowing passage for a guidewire into the true lumen of the suprarenal aorta. The intimal fenestration was dilated using a 4-mm angioplasty balloon which allowed passage of the contralateral guidewire. Kissing stent grafts were deployed bilaterally, extending from the level of the infrarenal aorta down to the level of the distal external iliac arteries in overlapping fashion. Completion angiography showed brisk flow from the aorta through the stented portion into the femoral arteries. The patient underwent forefoot amputation 2 days later with successful wound healing and limb salvage at 6 months.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Doenças da Aorta/terapia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Úlcera do Pé/terapia , Artéria Ilíaca , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Úlcera do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Úlcera do Pé/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização
14.
N Engl J Med ; 383(8): 733-742, 2020 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Standard percutaneous transluminal angioplasty is the current recommended treatment for dysfunctional hemodialysis fistulas, yet long-term outcomes of this treatment are poor. Drug-coated balloons delivering the antirestenotic agent paclitaxel may improve outcomes. METHODS: In this prospective, single-blinded, 1:1 randomized trial, we enrolled 330 participants at 29 international sites. Patients with new or restenotic lesions in native upper-extremity arteriovenous fistulas were eligible for participation. After successful high-pressure percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, participants were randomly assigned to receive treatment with a drug-coated balloon or a standard balloon. The primary effectiveness end point was target-lesion primary patency, defined as freedom from clinically driven target-lesion revascularization or access-circuit thrombosis during the 6 months after the index procedure. The primary safety end point, serious adverse events involving the arteriovenous access circuit within 30 days, was assessed in a noninferiority analysis (margin of noninferiority, 7.5 percentage points). The primary analyses included all participants with available end-point data. Additional sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the effect of missing data. RESULTS: A total of 330 participants underwent randomization; 170 were assigned to receive treatment with a drug-coated balloon, and 160 were assigned to receive treatment with a standard balloon. During the 6 months after the index procedure, target-lesion primary patency was maintained more often in participants who had been treated with a drug-coated balloon than in those who had been treated with a standard balloon (82.2% [125 of 152] vs. 59.5% [88 of 148]; difference in risk, 22.8 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], 12.8 to 32.8; P<0.001). Drug-coated balloons were noninferior to standard balloons with respect to the primary safety end point (4.2% [7 of 166] and 4.4% [7 of 158], respectively; difference in risk, -0.2 percentage points; 95% CI, -5.5 to 5.0; P = 0.002 for noninferiority). Sensitivity analyses confirmed the results of the primary analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Drug-coated balloon angioplasty was superior to standard angioplasty for the treatment of stenotic lesions in dysfunctional hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas during the 6 months after the procedure and was noninferior with respect to access circuit-related serious adverse events within 30 days. (Funded by Medtronic; IN.PACT AV Access Study ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03041467.).


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular/efeitos adversos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Constrição Patológica/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Método Simples-Cego , Extremidade Superior/irrigação sanguínea
15.
Am J Cardiol ; 129: 118-119, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718470

RESUMO

Percutaneous endovascular intervention is the preferred modality of revascularization for iliac arterial obstructive disease. Chronic total occlusions (CTO) of the iliac arteries can be uniquely challenging, as typically utilized polymer jacketed 0.035 in wires have a tendency to enter subintimal planes within the iliac artery or aorta, which consequently require complicated re-entry wire techniques. We present a case of a common iliac chronic total occlusion, initially unable to be crossed with a traditional 0.035 in polymer jacketed guidewire due to subintimal entry. Instead, using an antegrade coronary CTO wire escalation technique with a 0.014 in coronary CTO guidewire, the iliac occlusion was successfully crossed via the true lumen.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Stents , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Aortografia , Doença Crônica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular
16.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(5): 683-690, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666871

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the novel SELUTION sustained-limus-release (SLR) drug-eluting balloon (DEB) in the treatment of femoropopliteal lesions. Materials and Methods: Between October 2016 and May 2017, 50 subjects (mean age 69.6±10.4 years; 29 men) with symptomatic moderate to severe lower limb ischemia (Rutherford categories 2 or 3) were enrolled at 4 German centers for the SELUTION SLR first-in-human trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02941224). The SELUTION SLR utilizes micro-reservoirs (biodegradable polymer spheres containing sirolimus) embedded within an amphipathic membrane coated onto an angioplasty balloon. The biodegradable reservoirs are transferred to the target vessel lumen during brief balloon inflation. The primary trial objective was comparison of angiographic late lumen loss at 6 months against an objective performance criterion (OPC) value of 1.04 mm for uncoated balloon angioplasty. Secondary endpoints included device, procedural, and clinical success; clinical and imaging assessments of primary patency and restenosis; functional assessments including Rutherford category and ankle-brachial index (ABI); and major adverse events [composite of cardiovascular mortality, index limb amputation, target limb thrombosis, and clinically-driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR)]. Results: At 6 months, median angiographic late lumen loss following SELUTION SLR treatment was 0.19 mm (range -1.16 to 3.07). Mean angiographic late lumen loss (n=34) was 0.29±0.84 mm (95% CI -0.01 to 0.58), significantly lower than the 1.04-mm OPC value (p<0.001). The rate of primary patency by duplex ultrasound was 88.4%, and freedom from angiographic binary restenosis was 91.2%. Through 6 months, there was significant improvement over baseline in Rutherford categories (p<0.001) and in ABI measurements (p<0.001). A single case (2%) of CD-TLR occurred at 5 months. There were no other major adverse events. Conclusion: Through 6 months, the SELUTION SLR DEB appears to inhibit restenosis effectively and safely, improving outcomes in subjects with symptomatic femoropopliteal disease.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Artéria Femoral , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Alemanha , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
17.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 451.e5-451.e10, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute aortic dissection rarely results in circumferential dissections of the aortic intima that may lead to intimo-intimal intussusception (IIS) with complete separation from the aortic wall. Circumferential dissection may then result in distal embolization of the involved intima and media, adding considerable complexity to the management of such cases. Despite the severity of this complication, the natural history of aortic disease following extensive intimal denuding and IIS is not well documented in the literature. Here we present a case with long-term follow-up of type B aortic dissection (TBAD) complicated by IIS and embolization of the intima into the distal aorta following thoracic endovascular aortic repair. METHODS: Medical records and imaging studies were retrospectively reviewed with the approval of the Institutional Review Board. A single patient underwent repair of a TBAD that was complicated by IIS, with follow-up for 6 years. Aortic recovery was monitored with serial computerized tomography scans. RESULTS: During endovascular stent deployment, the patient's dissection progressed circumferentially, leading to distal embolization of the intima and aortic occlusion. An open transabdominal aortic exploration was performed to extract the embolized intima. Despite this severe aortic structural disruption, the patient recovered well postoperatively and exhibited favorable aortic remodeling over long-term follow-up. The denuded aorta did not rupture or develop progressive worsening aneurysmal dilation and the diameter of the involved aortic segment remained stable during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Acute TBADs can progress to circumferential intimal separation and IIS when managed with endovascular stenting and balloon dilation. Continued endovascular management once IIS has occurred may lead to further intimal damage, resulting in distal embolization of the intima and aortic occlusion. Thus, IIS may require conversion to open repair. However, in the event that loss of the aortic intima does occur following IIS, it is possible for the denuded aorta to recover well and remain stable with favorable remodeling over long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Aorta/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Embolia/cirurgia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta/lesões , Aneurisma Aórtico/complicações , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico por imagem , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Embolia/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia
18.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 451.e1-451.e4, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615205

RESUMO

We present here a case of an uncommon cutaneous manifestation after paclitaxel-coated balloon angioplasty. In this case, the patient underwent drug-coated balloon angioplasty for stenosis of a prior vein bypass graft. The patient subsequently developed extensive cutaneous lesions not confined to a single arterial distribution. This case represents a rare complication related to paclitaxel-eluting balloons and provides a cautionary tale as well as clinical acumen for providers in using such devices in their practice.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Embolia/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/terapia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Embolia/diagnóstico , Embolia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 260, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Delayed cerebral ischemia is one of the leading causes of death and disability in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Transluminal balloon angioplasty (TBA) is a therapeutic option for vasospasms affecting proximal intracranial arteries. METHODS: Aim of this study was to report our experience using the Scepter C balloon catheter in the treatment of cerebral vasospasms due to SAH and evaluate the postprocedural result with the iFlow tool. We reviewed cases of patients treated at our hospital from 2014 to 2018. Patients were screened with transcranial doppler sonography (TCD) and multimodal computed tomography. In case of significant vasospasms, patients were transferred to the angiography suite and treated. We used the iFlow tool to quantify and evaluate the angiographic results by measuring and comparing peak density values on angiograms before and after the mechanical dilation. RESULTS: The use of the Scepter C balloon catheter was feasible in all cases. Vasospasms of the anterior cerebral artery were treated in ten cases. We didn't observe complications or vasospasm recurrences of the treated arteries. The temporal difference between distal vessels and the proximal reference vessel was significantly reduced from a mean of 53%, prior to dilatation, to 26% after the treatment. The difference between pre-dilatation and post-dilatation values was statistically significant for the anterior circulation at the proximal as well as at the distal vessels. CONCLUSIONS: We successfully treated endovascularly patients suffering from cerebral vasospasms refractory to medical treatment using the Scepter C balloon catheter. We didn't observe any complications. The therapeutic effect could be easily and reliably assessed with the iFlow tool.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/complicações , Vasoespasmo Intracraniano/etiologia , Vasoespasmo Intracraniano/cirurgia , Adulto , Cateteres , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
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