Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 280
Filtrar
2.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 82-87, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587694

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether cumulative endogenous estrogen exposure (CEEE) is associated with severity of microvascular damage or with presence of clinical characteristics in women with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: The population was composed of female SSc patients from the Leiden CCISS (combined care in SSc) cohort. Reproductive life history was investigated through structured questionnaires and CEEE was calculated with a mathematical equation. Demographic, laboratory and clinical characteristics were available for all patients. The most recent nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) was used to semiquantitatively score microangiopathy parameters. RESULTS: We included 97 patients, with a mean age of 59.6±14 years and a mean CEEE of 9±5.5 years. Ordinal logistic regression using CEEE as independent variable failed to demonstrate an association with loss (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.97-1.14), dilated capillaries (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.96-1.14), giants (OR 1.03, 95% CI 0.95-1.12) and ramifications (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.92-1.07). Binary logistic regression did not show an effect of CEEE on presence of scleroderma pattern vs. non-scleroderma pattern, (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.89-1.1) or of late scleroderma pattern vs. non-late patterns (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.88-1.05) at NVC. Furthermore, no association was found between CEEE and presence of interstitial lung involvement (OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.88-1.08) but a trend for occurrence of digital ulcers (OR 1.09, 95% CI 0.99-1.19) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: In SSc patients, CEEE is not associated with the extent of microvascular derangement. No associations between CEEE and organ involvement were found.


Assuntos
Capilares , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Idoso , Capilares/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia
3.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 102-107, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively study nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) changes in mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) patients and to compare the capillary morphological abnormalities between patients affected by MCTD and systemic sclerosis (SSc) over time. METHODS: Ten MCTD patients on whom NVC had been performed, with a follow-up of three years, were selected. In addition, ten patients affected by SSc with similar age and disease duration of MCTD patients were enrolled to compare NVC abnormalities at baseline (T0). RESULTS: Seven out of ten patients with MCTD showed a "scleroderma-like pattern" at first NVC. No statistically significant variation of the detected NVC parameters was observed during the 3-year follow-up, and no statistically significant correlation was observed between capillary parameters and MCTD clinical aspects at first visit and during the follow-up. The scores of enlarged capillaries, giant capillaries and microhaemorrhages were significantly lower (p<0.05) in MCTD versus SSc patients at T0, moreover, the absolute number of total capillaries and normal capillaries was found significantly higher (p<0.05) in MCTD versus SSc patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that nailfold microvascular damage does not seem to be significantly progressive in MCTD patients during a three-year follow-up. MCTD patients show significantly lower number of enlarged/giant capillaries, but higher number of total and normal capillaries than SSc patients at first nailfold capillaroscopy. The identification of a specific NVC pattern in MCTD patients is not yet possible.


Assuntos
Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo , Unhas , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Capilares , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Unhas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(11): 102394, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to propose a simple "Fast Track algorithm" for capillaroscopists of any level of experience to differentiate "scleroderma patterns" from "non-scleroderma patterns" on capillaroscopy and to assess its inter-rater reliability. METHODS: Based on existing definitions to categorise capillaroscopic images as "scleroderma patterns" and taking into account the real life variability of capillaroscopic images described standardly according to the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Study Group on Microcirculation in Rheumatic Diseases, a fast track decision tree, the "Fast Track algorithm" was created by the principal expert (VS) to facilitate swift categorisation of an image as "non-scleroderma pattern (category 1)" or "scleroderma pattern (category 2)". Mean inter-rater reliability between all raters (experts/attendees) of the 8th EULAR course on capillaroscopy in Rheumatic Diseases (Genoa, 2018) and, as external validation, of the 8th European Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) course on systemic sclerosis (SSc) (Nijmegen, 2019) versus the principal expert, as well as reliability between the rater pairs themselves was assessed by mean Cohen's and Light's kappa coefficients. RESULTS: Mean Cohen's kappa was 1/0.96 (95% CI 0.95-0.98) for the 6 experts/135 attendees of the 8th EULAR capillaroscopy course and 1/0.94 (95% CI 0.92-0.96) for the 3 experts/85 attendees of the 8th EUSTAR SSc course. Light's kappa was 1/0.92 at the 8th EULAR capillaroscopy course, and 1/0.87 at the 8th EUSTAR SSc course. CONCLUSION: For the first time, a clinical expert based fast track decision algorithm has been developed to differentiate a "non-scleroderma" from a "scleroderma pattern" on capillaroscopic images, demonstrating excellent reliability when applied by capillaroscopists with varying levels of expertise versus the principal expert and corroborated with external validation.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Esclerodermia Localizada/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Humanos , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 63-68, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We assessed the correlation between severity of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and current staging systems based on nailfold capillaroscopy. METHODS: SCLEROCAP is a multicenter prospective study including consecutive scleroderma patients who have a yearly routine follow-up with capillaroscopy and digital blood pressure measurement. Capillaroscopy images were read by two observers blinded from each other, then by a third one in the case of discordance. A follow-up of 3 years is planned. The present study assessed the correlation between severity of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and current staging systems based on nail fold capillaroscopy at enrollment in the SCLEROCAP study. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed for both the Maricq and Cutolo classifications. RESULTS: SCLEROCAP included 387 patients in one year. Maricq's active and Cutolo's late classifications were very similar. In multivariate analysis, the number of digital ulcers (OR for 2 ulcers or more, respectively 2.023 [1.074-3.81] and 2.596 [1.434-4.699]) and Rodnan's skin score >15 (OR respectively 32.007 [6.457-158.658] and 18.390 [5.380-62.865]) correlated with Maricq's active and Cutolo's late stages. Haemoglobin rate correlated with Cutolo's late stage (hemoglobin<100 vs. >120 g/dl: OR 0.223 [0.051-0.980]), and total lung capacity with Maricq's active one: increase in 10%: OR0.833 [0.717-0.969]. CONCLUSIONS: The correlations found between capillaroscopy and severity of SSc are promising before the ongoing prospective study definitively assesses whether capillaroscopy staging predicts complications of SSc. Only two capillaroscopic patterns seem useful: one involving many giant capillaries and haemorrhages and the other with severe capillary loss.


Assuntos
Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Úlcera Cutânea , Capilares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Unhas , Estudos Prospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/classificação , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Úlcera Cutânea/classificação , Úlcera Cutânea/patologia
8.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 110(5): 347-352, jun. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-180922

RESUMO

La capilaroscopia es una técnica de estudio que permite obtener imágenes directas in vivo de la microcirculación cutánea. Constituye un método accesible y no invasivo para analizar las anormalidades microvasculares, por lo que puede utilizarse en niños y adultos. En la actualidad se ha demostrado su utilidad en múltiples dolencias, principalmente en el fenómeno de Raynaud y otras enfermedades autoinmunes. La capilaroscopia se realiza en el lecho ungueal del segundo al quinto dedo de ambas manos con la finalidad de encontrar un patrón capilaroscópico específico. El patrón de normalidad se caracteriza por la presencia de 7-11 capilares por milímetro dispuestos en forma de «U» invertida. Los patrones patológicos muestran alteraciones morfológicas y estructurales como: ectasias, capilares gigantes, hemorragias patológicas, áreas avasculares y neoangiogénesis. En este artículo se presentan las bases de la capilaroscopia, incluyendo la técnica, las indicaciones, así como la utilidad diagnóstica y como factor pronóstico en enfermedades reumatológicas


Capillaroscopy produces in vivo images of skin microcirculation. It is a simple, noninvasive tool for analyzing microvascular abnormalities and, as such, can be used in both adults and children. Capillaroscopy has proven useful in many diseases, but it is of particular value in Raynaud phenomenon and other autoimmune diseases. The test is used to analyze capillaroscopic patterns in the nailfold bed of the second to fifth fingers of each hand. A normal capillaroscopic pattern is characterized by the presence of 7 to 11 capillaries in a hairpin shape. Pathologic patterns are characterized by morphologic and structural alterations, such as ectasias, giant capillaries, pathologic hemorrhages, avascular areas, and neoangiogenesis. In this article, we review the fundamentals of capillaroscopy, with an emphasis on the technique and its indications, diagnostic value, and use as a prognostic tool for rheumatologic disorders


Assuntos
Humanos , Angioscopia Microscópica , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Microscopia Intravital , Microcirculação , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico por imagem , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Doença de Raynaud/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 866-871, 2019 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the long-term effects of smoking and to investigate the permanence of this damage to the oral microcirculation. MATERIAL AND METHODS We recruited 75 patients and divided them into 3 groups: group 1 was composed of 25 healthy non-smokers, group 2 was composed of 25 healthy current smokers, and group 3 was composed of 25 healthy ex-smokers. Video-capillaroscopic examination was performed on all patients. The video-capillaroscopic investigation was performed on patients in sitting position, always with the same light source, at the same room temperature (23°C), in the morning, with the same operator (GAS), and was repeated many times for every area under investigation. An enlargement of 200× allowed us to explore point-by-point all the morpho-structural characteristics of the capillaroscopic field. For non-parametric data, we evaluated the visibility of the loops and their position in relation to the surface of the mucosa. The evaluated parametric data were length of capillary loop, diameter of the loop, capillary tortuosity, and capillary density. RESULTS Our study clearly shows there was no remission of vascular damage, even 13 years after smoking cessation. CONCLUSIONS Our research shows that that the effects of smoking are still visible in ex-smokers, even at 13 years after cessation and also that ex-smokers are still subject to the risk of oral pathologies in the interval of time that we considered.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Microcirculação/efeitos dos fármacos , Capilares/patologia , Ex-Fumantes , Feminino , Gengiva/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal , Fumantes , Fumar/efeitos adversos
11.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 25(3): e12-e15, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29782426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) changes and the presence and severity of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in systemic sclerosis. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of 48 systemic sclerosis patients (21 patients with ILD). The NVC characteristics considered were capillary organization, capillary loss (CL), avascular areas, enlarged and giant capillaries, hemorrhages, abnormally shaped capillaries, edema, and intermittent flux.We analyzed the association between NVC findings and (1) presence and extension of ILD and (2) percent predicted of forced vital capacity (FVC) and the carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO). RESULTS: Capillary loss and avascular areas showed a significant association with the presence of ILD (odds ratio, 18.57; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.17-158.72 [p = 0.008]; and odds ratio, 4.64; 95% CI, 1.35-15.91 [p = 0.015], respectively). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis confirmed the association between CL and ILD (area under the ROC curve, 90.1%; 95% CI, 81.8-91.4). Avascular areas and CL were associated with a worse pulmonary function (FVC -18.1% [p = 0.034], DLCO -14.0% [p = 0.013]; and FVC -15.3% [p = 0.086], DLCO -12.3% [p = 0.049], respectively). No association was found between other NVC findings and ILD or lung function. CONCLUSIONS: Capillary loss and avascular area showed a significant association with the presence of ILD, supported by ROC curve analysis. These results may reinforce a prognostic role for NVC and a physiopathology mechanism for ILD based on vascular damage.


Assuntos
Capilares , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Adulto , Idoso , Capilares/diagnóstico por imagem , Capilares/fisiopatologia , Monóxido de Carbono/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Capacidade de Difusão Pulmonar , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Capacidade Vital
12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(2): 284-288, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30247696

RESUMO

Objectives: Nailfold capillaroscopy is being increasingly used by rheumatologists in the diagnosis of SSc. However, assessment of all nailfolds can be time-consuming in a busy outpatient clinic. Our aim was to answer the question as to how many (and which) fingers a clinician should routinely assess to capture accurately the true state. Methods: A total of 2994 assessments (by an international panel of expert observers) of 1600 images from 173 participants (101 with SSc, 22 with primary RP and 50 healthy controls) were included in this analysis. Seven single-finger or finger combinations (derived from the middle and ring fingers) were then tested for sensitivity for the presence of two markers of capillary abnormality [presence of giant capillaries and an SSc grade (early, active or late)] compared with assessment of all eight fingers. Results: For the eight-finger gold standard, sensitivity against the diagnostic criteria was 74.6% (53.0% for the presence of giants alone and 73.1% for image grade alone). Examining only one finger gave low sensitivity (ranging from right middle 31.7% to left ring 46.6%). Examining both ring fingers gave a sensitivity of 59.8%, whereas examining the four-finger combination of both ring and both middle fingers gave a sensitivity of 66.7%. Conclusion: During routine capillaroscopic examination, ideally all eight nailbeds (excluding thumbs) should be examined, otherwise some abnormalities will be missed. Examining only four fingers reduces capillaroscopy sensitivity.


Assuntos
Capilares/anormalidades , Dedos/irrigação sanguínea , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Capilares/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dedos/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Unhas/diagnóstico por imagem , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(2): 177-183, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30572139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to assess the relationship between nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) abnormalities and coronary flow reserve (CFR), a marker of coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: We studied 39 SSc patients (33 females, mean ±â€¯SD age 54 ±â€¯12 years, median disease duration 11 years, range 6-22) and 22 controls (matched for age and sex) without any evidence of cardiovascular disease. Clinical assessment was performed by modified Rodnan skin score (mRss) and EUSTAR score. Coronary flow velocities in the left anterior descending coronary artery were measured by transthoracic echocardiography. Average peak flow velocities, CFR and microvascular resistance at baseline (BMR) and in hyperaemic (HMR) condition were assessed. CFR ≤2.5 was considered marker of CMD. Six NVC-abnormalities were evaluated by a semi quantitative scoring system: enlarged and giant capillaries (diameter > 20 µm and >50 µm, respectively), hemorrhages, disarray, capillary ramifications and loss of capillaries (avascular score). Statistic was performed using SPSS. RESULTS: CFR was lower in SSc patients than in controls (2.6 ±â€¯0.5 vs 3.3 ±â€¯0.5). CMD was detected in 24 patients (61.5%) vs 0 controls (p < .0001). CFR was inversely correlated with NVC-avascular score (rho =-0.750, p < .0001). Avascular and capillary ramifications scores (p = .001 and p = .03, respectively), mRss (p = .003) and EUSTAR score (p = .01) were higher in patients with CMD than in those without. At multivariable analysis, avascular score was independently associated with CMD (p = .01). HMR was directly correlated with avascular score (rho = 0.416, p = .008). CONCLUSIONS: In our SSc patients NVC-avascular score was associated with CMD which seems to be the result of a structural microvascular remodeling.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Doença das Coronárias/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia
14.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 281, 2018 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine whether lung involvement is related to microvascular perturbations, nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) was performed in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was consecutively accomplished in 152 SSc patients. NVC, a pulmonary function test and echocardiography were undergone within a 3-month period. Finally, 134 patients with at least eight NVC (200× magnification) images were selected for quantitative and qualitative examinations. RESULTS: Patients with interstitial lung disease presented lower median capillary density (4.86/mm vs 5.88/mm, p = 0.005) and higher median of neoangiogenesis (0.56/mm vs 0.31/mm, p = 0.005). A higher quantity of neoangiogenesis capillaries was found in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (0.70/mm vs 0.33/mm, p = 0.008). Multivariate linear regression analysis established a correlation between neoangiogenesis and decreased forced vital capacity (FVC) (p < 0.001): for each capillary with neoangiogenesis visualized on average per 1 mm, FVC was 7.3% reduced. In qualitative NVC, a late pattern as defined by Cutolo was also associated with lower FVC (p = 0.018). The number of giant capillaries was associated with reduced diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) (p = 0.016); for each giant capillary per 1 mm, DLCO was 11.8% diminished. CONCLUSIONS: A good correlation was observed between distinctive quantitative and qualitative NVC features with lung functional parameters such as FVC and DLCO. It is suggested that vasculopathy could play a role in SSc lung involvement.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Sistema Respiratório/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Doenças Vasculares/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Capilares/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Lesão Pulmonar/complicações , Lesão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Doenças Vasculares/complicações , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico
16.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 239, 2018 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30359309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nailfold capillaroscopy (NC) is an important tool for the diagnosis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). The capillaroscopic skin ulcer risk index (CSURI) was suggested to identify patients at risk of developing digital ulcers (DUs). This study aims to assess the reliability of the CSURI across assessors, the CSURI change during follow-up and the value of the CSURI in predicting new DUs. METHODS: This multicentre, longitudinal study included SSc patients with a history of DUs. NC images of all eight fingers were obtained at baseline and follow-up and were separately analysed by two trained assessors. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients were included (median observation time 1.0 year). In about 40% of patients (assessor 1, n = 24, 39%; assessor 2, n = 26, 43%) no megacapillary was detected in any of the baseline or follow-up images; hence the CSURI could not be calculated. In those 34 patients in whom CSURI scores were available from both assessors (26% male; median age 57 years) the median baseline CSURI was 5.3 according to assessor 1 (IQR 2.6-16.3), increasing to 5.9 (IQR 1.3-12.0) at follow-up. According to assessor 2, the CSURI diminished from 6.4 (IQR 2.4-12.5) to 5.0 (IQR 1.7-10.0). The ability of a CSURI ≥ 2.96 category to predict new DUs was low (for both assessors, positive predictive value 38% and negative predictive value 50%) and the inter-assessor agreements for CSURI categories were fair to moderate. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, around 40% of patients could not be evaluated with the CSURI due to the absence of megacapillaries. Clinical decisions based on the CSURI should be made with caution. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trials, ISRCTN04371709 . Registered on 18 March 2011.


Assuntos
Angioscopia Microscópica/normas , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Úlcera Cutânea/diagnóstico , Úlcera Cutânea/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1072: 363-368, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30178372

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM)-associated hyperglycemia contributes to the initiation and progression of chronic microvascular (MIC) and macrovascular (MAC) complications. To carry out early identification of MIC, standardized and inexpensive tests are needed. Computerized nailfold video-capillaroscopy (CNVC) is a noninvasive tool to easily evaluate MIC at the level of the fingers and could be useful to detect the so-called 'diabetic capillaropathy'. AIM: This was a prospective study using CNVC to examine the prevalence of capillaroscopic patterns in a cohort of type 1 (T1D) and type 2 (T2D) diabetic individuals, and to assess their relationship with the level of glycemic control (HbA1c) and DM-related complications. RESULTS: Nailfold alterations were found to be more prevalent in diabetics, including tortuosity (p < 0.01), avascular zones (p < 0.01), ectasiae (p < 0.01) and capillary with bizarre shape (p < 0.01). At least two of these patterns were found with a higher prevalence in T1D and T2D individuals vs. controls (p < 0.01). Finally, a higher frequency of 'capillary score' equal to or higher than 2 points was found to be associated with worse glycemic control, and with the presence of diabetic retinopathy. CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm the presence of a 'diabetic capillaropathy', and nailfold capillary alterations appear to be related to the level of glycemic control and the existence of MIC, particularly when retinal damage is involved.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes/diagnóstico por imagem , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
BMJ Open ; 8(8): e021595, 2018 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30099394

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis vulgaris was shown to be an independent factor increasing the risk of several comorbidities such as obesity, diabetes and dyslipidaemia with an increased risk of stroke and myocardial infarction. We hypothesise that early endothelial dysfunction, which plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, may be detected by digital video nailfold capillaroscopy (DVNC) at the level of the dermal capillary microvasculature as a surrogate parameter. Nailfolds represent the only body site allowing for a non-invasive assessment of the capillary microvasculature at a horizontal plane. DVNC is a well-established diagnostic tool for in vivo assessment of the peripheral microcirculation by evaluating the morphology of dermal papillary capillaries. To date, reports on morphological changes of the non-lesional nailfold capillaries in patients with psoriasis vulgaris are scarce and the existing data are not conclusive. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective, single-centre, non-randomised, controlled, exploratory study assessing the capillary patterns in 100 subjects affected by psoriasis vulgaris. Non-lesional nailfold capillaries will be imaged by means of DVNC (Optilia Digital Capillaroscopy System, Optilia Instruments AB, Sollentuna, Sweden) in 50 patients affected by psoriasis vulgaris and 50 healthy controls. Assessments will include a qualitative, descriptive analysis of the nailfold capillaries' morphology, as well as a quantitative investigation (frequency, extent) of changes in capillary patterns. Moreover, patients' characteristics associated with the manifestation of nailfold capillaries' pathologies including well-known cardiovascular risk markers will be studied. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was provided by the ethic committee of the medical faculty of the University of Heidelberg (Ethics approval number S-447/2017). The design and the final results of the study will be published and made available to the public. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00012856.


Assuntos
Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microcirculação , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos , Psoríase/patologia
19.
Microvasc Res ; 120: 100-110, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29958863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nailfold capillaroscopy (NC) is a diagnostic imaging technique that is used to assess the blood capillary network in the nailfold area. NC is routinely used for patients with microcirculation problems, such as systemic sclerosis and other connective tissue diseases. Experts commonly use subjective evaluation as a reference point in images of nailfold video capillaroscopy, so it is important to reduce the inherent ambiguities in human judgment and diagnosis. Image quality is an important factor that affects measurement error and assessment time of NC images. OBJECTIVE: In this study, a new image enhancement technique was introduced and evaluated subjectively. METHODS: In total, 475 nailfold video capillaroscopy images from 18 healthy subjects and 41 systemic lupus erythematosus patients were used. The images were randomly divided into two sets, one each with 275 and 200. Eight independent observers who were familiar with the capillaroscopy technique participated in this study. The set of 275 images was evaluated by three observers with the forced-choice pairwise comparison method. Elliptic broken line (EBL) was used to count the number of capillaries. The intra- and inter-observer reliability of the original and enhanced images was evaluated on 200 images by five observers. RESULT: Except for eight images, all observers preferred the enhanced images in the visual quality comparison method. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) of intra- and inter-observer reliability increased from 0.76-0.84 to 0.82-0.89, respectively, when using the enhancement method. CONCLUSION: By improving the image quality, more capillary details will be visible, and an observer can document more details that may not be visible in the original image and can do so more efficiently.


Assuntos
Capilares/diagnóstico por imagem , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Microcirculação , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Adulto , Idoso , Capilares/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
20.
Med Ultrason ; 20(2): 185-191, 2018 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29730685

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the link between nail fold vessel resistive index (NVRI) measured by ultrasound (US) and capillary loops diameters measured using nailfold videocapillarascopy (NVC), and to assess the morphological appearance of the nail bed in patients with psoriatic nail disease (PND) as compared with healthy controls (HCs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted in patients with PND and HCs. General demographic data were collected and clinical assessments were performed for all subjects. The nail plate thickness (NPT) was measured on gray scale using US. The NVRI was measured using color Doppler (CD) US. The measurements of the apical, arterial, venous limb diameters and morpho-structural changes (tortuous, cross-linked capillaries) were assessed using NVC. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients with PND and 15 HCs were enrolled in this study. The two groups were matched for age and body mass index (BMI). Patients with PND had higher NPT and NVRI in comparison with HCs [(20 (17-23) vs 14 (14-15), p<0.001), (0.55 (0.51-0.61) vs 0.43 (0.38-0.49), p<0.001), respectively]. A higher proportion of patients with PND had tortuous capillaries than HCs (62% and 20% respectively, p=0.005). The mean NVRI was higher in patients with PND who had tortuous capillaries than patients who did not have tortuous capillaries (0.58 (0.7) and 0.52 (0.09), respectively p=0.033). CONCLUSION: Microvascular changes can be detected easily using non-invasive methods such as US and NVC. These methods can provide an objective data to better assess PND.


Assuntos
Microcirculação , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Doenças da Unha/diagnóstico por imagem , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Unhas/diagnóstico por imagem , Psoríase/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças da Unha/complicações , Doenças da Unha/fisiopatologia , Unhas/fisiopatologia , Psoríase/complicações , Psoríase/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA