Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.158
Filtrar
1.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 489-497, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914827

RESUMO

A series of amino acid-sulphonamide conjugates was prepared through benzotriazole mediated coupling reactions and characterised by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, MS, and FTIR spectroscopic techniques as well as elemental analysis. The carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitory activity of the new compounds was determined against four human (h) isoforms, hCA I, hCA II, hCA VA, and hCA XII. Most of the synthesised compounds showed effective in vitro CA inhibitory properties. The new amino acid-sulphonamide conjugates showed potent inhibitory activity against hCA II, some of them at subnanomolar levels, exhibiting more effective inhibitory activity compared to the standard drug acetazolamide. Some of these sulphonamides were also found to be effective inhibitors of hCA I, hCA VA, and hCA XII, with activity from the low to high nanomolar range.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Aminoácidos/síntese química , Aminoácidos/química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Humanos , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
2.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 365-371, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854205

RESUMO

The selectivity for a specific human Carbonic Anhydrase (hCA) isoform is an important property a hCA inhibitor (CAI) should be endowed with, in order to constitute a valuable therapeutic tool for the treatment of a desired pathology. In this context, we developed a chemoinformatic platform that allows the analysis of the structure and selectivity profile of known CAIs reported in literature, with the aim of identifying structural motifs connected to ligand selectivity, thus providing useful guidelines for the design of novel ligands selective for the desired hCA isoform. The platform is able to perform ultrafast structure and selectivity analyses through ligand fingerprint similarity, with no need of structural information about the target receptor and ligands' binding mode. It is easily accessible to the non-expert user through the implementation of a KNIME Analytic Platform workflow and could be extended to analyze the selectivity profile of known ligands of different target proteins.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/análise , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Análise por Conglomerados , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Ligantes , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
3.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 377-382, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856608

RESUMO

The inhibition of δ- and η-class carbonic anhydrases (CAs; EC 4.2.1.1) was poorly investigated so far. Only one δ-CA, TweCA from the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii, and one η-CA, PfCA, from Plasmodium falciparum, have been cloned and characterised to date. To enrich δ- and η-CAs inhibition profiles, a panel of 22 phenols was investigated for TweCA and PfCA inhibition. Some derivatives showed effective, sub-micromolar inhibition of TweCA (KIs 0.81-65.4 µM) and PfCA (KIs 0.62-78.7 µM). A subset of compounds demonstrated a significant selectivity for the target CAs over the human physiologically relevant ones. This study promotes the identification of new potent and selective inhibitors of TweCA and PfCA, which could be considered as leads for finding molecular probes in the study of carbon fixation processes (in which TweCA and orthologue enzymes are involved) or drug candidates in the treatment of malaria.


Assuntos
Antiprotozoários/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Diatomáceas/enzimologia , Fenóis/farmacologia , Plasmodium falciparum/efeitos dos fármacos , Antiprotozoários/síntese química , Antiprotozoários/química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Testes de Sensibilidade Parasitária , Fenóis/síntese química , Fenóis/química , Plasmodium falciparum/enzimologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 185: 111843, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718943

RESUMO

In the presented work, we report the design and synthesis of different new sets of triazolopyrimidine-based (9a-d) and triazole-based (11a-h, 13a-c, 15a,b, 17a,b and 21a-g) benzenesulfonamides. The newly synthesized sulfonamides were assessed for their inhibitory activities toward four human (h) metalloenzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoforms; hCA I, II, IX and XII. The four examined isoforms were inhibited by the prepared sulfonamides (9a-d, 11a-h, 13a-c, 15a,b, 17a,b and 21a-g) in variable degrees with KIs ranges: 94.4-4953.5 nM for hCA I, 6.9-837.6 nM for hCA II, 3.3-85.0 nM for hCA XI, and 4.4-105.0 nM for hCA XII. In particular, sulfonamides 11e, 21a and 21e emerged as single-digit nanomolar hCA IX and hCA XII inhibitors. Interestingly, triazolopyrimidine-based sulfonamide 9d and triazole-based sulfonamide 21e were found to be the most selective hCA IX inhibitors over hCA I (SI = 100.85 and 210.58, respectively) and hCA II (SI = 18.54 and 38.36, respectively). Thereafter, sulfonamides 9d and 21e were docked into the active site of CAs II, IX and XII, then poses showing the best scoring values and favorable binding interactions were subjected to a MM-GBSA based refinement and, limited to CA IX and XII, to a cycle of 100 ns molecular dynamics.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Triazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química , Triazóis/química
5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 185: 111825, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740053

RESUMO

By applying an approach of a "ring with two tails", a series of novel inhibitors possessing high-affinity and significant selectivity towards selected carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoforms has been designed. The "ring" consists of 2-chloro/bromo-benzenesulfonamide, where the sulfonamide group is as an anchor coordinating the Zn(II) in the active site of CAs, and halogen atom orients the ring affecting the affinity and selectivity. First "tail" is a substituent containing carbonyl, carboxyl, hydroxyl, ether groups or hydrophilic amide linkage. The second "tail" contains aryl- or alkyl-substituents attached through a sulfanyl or sulfonyl group. Both "tails" are connected to the benzene ring and play a crucial role in selectivity. Varying the substituents, we designed compounds selective for CA VII, CA IX, CA XII, or CA XIV. Since due to binding-linked protonation reactions the binding-ready fractions of the compound and protein are much lower than one, the "intrinsic" affinities were calculated that should be used to study correlations between crystal structures and the thermodynamics of binding for rational drug design. The "intrinsic" affinities together with the intrinsic enthalpies and entropies of binding together with co-crystal structures were used demonstrate structural factors determining major contributions for compound affinity and selectivity.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Halogenação , Humanos , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
6.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 298-305, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809607

RESUMO

Pursuing on our efforts toward searching for efficient hCA IX and hCA XII inhibitors, herein we report the design and synthesis of new sets of benzofuran-based sulphonamides (4a,b, 5a,b, 9a-c, and 10a-d), featuring the zinc anchoring benzenesulfonamide moiety linked to a benzofuran tail via a hydrazine or hydrazide linker. All the target benzofurans were examined for their inhibitory activities toward isoforms hCA I, II, IX, and XII. The target tumour-associated hCA IX and XII isoforms were efficiently inhibited with KIs spanning in ranges 10.0-97.5 and 10.1-71.8 nM, respectively. Interestingly, arylsulfonehydrazones 9 displayed the best selectivity toward hCA IX and XII over hCA I (SIs: 39.4-250.3 and 26.0-149.9, respectively), and over hCA II (SIs: 19.6-57.1 and 13.0-34.2, respectively). Furthermore, the target benzofurans were assessed for their anti-proliferative activity, according to US-NCI protocol, toward a panel of sixty cancer cell lines. Only benzofurans 5b and 10b possessed selective and moderate growth inhibitory activity toward certain cancer cell lines.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Anidrase Carbônica IX/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzofuranos/química , Anidrase Carbônica IX/metabolismo , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
7.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 245-254, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790605

RESUMO

A new series of homosulfocoumarins (3H-1,2-benzoxathiepine 2,2-dioxides) possessing various substitution patterns and moieties in the 7, 8 or 9 position of the heterocylic ring were prepared by original procedures and investigated for the inhibition of four physiologically relevant carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoforms, the human (h) hCA I, II, IX and XII. The 8-substituted homosulfocoumarins were the most effective hCA IX/XII inhibitors followed by the 7-substituted derivatives, whereas the substitution pattern in position 9 led to less effective binders for the transmembrane, tumour-associated isoforms IX/XII. The cytosolic isoforms hCA I and II were not inhibited by these compounds, similar to the sulfocoumarins/coumarins investigated earlier. As hCA IX and XII are validated anti-tumour targets, with one sulphonamide (SLC-0111) in Phase Ib/II clinical trials, finding derivatives with better selectivity for inhibiting the tumour-associated isoforms over the cytosolic ones, as the homosulfocoumarins reported here, is of crucial importance.


Assuntos
Benzotiepinas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Benzotiepinas/síntese química , Benzotiepinas/química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
8.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 306-310, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797704

RESUMO

The differential scanning fluorimetry (DSF) screening of 5.692 fragments in combination with benzenesulfonamide (BSA) against bovine carbonic anhydrase (bCA) delivered >100 hits that either caused, on their own, a significant thermal shift (ΔTm, °C) in the protein melting temperature or significantly influenced the thermal shift observed for BSA alone. Three hits based on 1,2,3-triazole moiety represent the periphery of the recently reported potent inhibitors of hCA II, IX and XII which were efficacious in vivo. Such a re-discovery of suitable BSA periphery essentially validates the new fragment-based approach to the discovery of future CAIs. Structures of other validated fragment hits are reported.


Assuntos
Anidrase Carbônica II/antagonistas & inibidores , Anidrase Carbônica IX/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Fluorometria , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Anidrase Carbônica II/metabolismo , Anidrase Carbônica IX/metabolismo , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
9.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 21-30, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619095

RESUMO

Trypanosoma cruzi carbonic anhydrase (TcCA) has recently emerged as an interesting target for the design of new compounds to treat Chagas disease. In this study we report the results of a structure-based virtual screening campaign to identify novel and selective TcCA inhibitors. The combination of properly validated computational methodologies such as comparative modelling, molecular dynamics and docking simulations allowed us to find high potency hits, with KI values in the nanomolar range. The compounds also showed trypanocidal effects against T. cruzi epimastigotes and trypomastigotes. All the candidates are selective for inhibiting TcCA over the human isoform CA II, which is encouraging in terms of possible therapeutic safety and efficacy.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Doença de Chagas/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclamatos/farmacologia , Tripanossomicidas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Doença de Chagas/metabolismo , Ciclamatos/síntese química , Ciclamatos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Testes de Sensibilidade Parasitária , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tripanossomicidas/síntese química , Tripanossomicidas/química , Trypanosoma cruzi/efeitos dos fármacos , Trypanosoma cruzi/enzimologia
10.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 59-64, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663383

RESUMO

A primary strategy to combat antimicrobial resistance is the identification of novel therapeutic targets and anti-infectives with alternative mechanisms of action. The inhibition of the metalloenzymes carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC 4.2.1.1) from pathogens (bacteria, fungi, and protozoa) was shown to produce an impairment of the microorganism growth and virulence. As phosphonamidates have been recently validated as human α-CA inhibitors (CAIs) and no phosphorus-based zinc-binding group have been assessed to date against ß-class CAs, herein we report an inhibition study with this class of compounds against ß-CAs from pathogenic bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. Our data suggest that phosphonamidates are among the CAIs with the best selectivity for ß-class over human isozymes, making them interesting leads for the development of new anti-infectives.


Assuntos
Amidas/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Ácidos Fosfóricos/farmacologia , Amidas/química , Anti-Infecciosos/síntese química , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias/enzimologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fungos/enzimologia , Humanos , Leishmania donovani/efeitos dos fármacos , Leishmania donovani/enzimologia , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Ácidos Fosfóricos/química , Fósforo/química , Fósforo/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Zinco/química , Zinco/farmacologia
11.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 65-71, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663386

RESUMO

We investigated a panel of 14 compounds belonging to the monothiocarbamate (MTC) and dithiocarbamate (DTC) series against the ß-carbonic anhydrase 3 (ß-CA3) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). We also evaluated all compounds for toxicity using 1-5-day post fertilisation zebrafish embryos. 11 out of the 14 investigated derivatives showed effective nanomolar or submicromolar in vitro inhibition against the ß-CA3 (KIs 2.4-812.0 nM), and among them four DTCs of the series (8-10 and 12) showed very significant inhibition potencies with KIs between 2.4 and 43 nM. Out of 14 compounds screened for toxicity and safety 9 compounds showed no adverse phenotypic effects on the developing zebrafish larvae at five days of exposure. The results of in vitro inhibition and the toxicological evaluation of our study suggest that 5 compounds are suitable for further in vivo preclinical characterisation in zebrafish model.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Estrutura Molecular , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/enzimologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Peixe-Zebra
12.
Expert Opin Ther Pat ; 29(10): 781-792, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596641

RESUMO

Introduction: Glaucoma affects more than 70 million people worldwide. One of the major therapeutic options for its management is based on the inhibition of the metalloenzyme carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC 4.2.1.1). CA inhibitors (CAIs) diminish ocular hypertension in glaucomatous patients by reducing the rate of bicarbonate formation and thus, the secretion of the aqueous humor. Areas covered: This review is intended to cover the major contributions in terms of patent literature reports for the treatment of ophthalmic diseases by means of CAIs in a time frame spanning from 2013 to date. Expert opinion: The patent literature is dominated by innovative pharmaceutical formulations including a CAI alone or in combination with other therapeutic agents. Very few novelties within drug discovery are currently present and they mainly account for new CAI moieties and classical CAIs merged into scaffolds bearing additional chemical functionalities beneficial for the pharmacological treatment of the disease. It is reasonable to expect that in the near future the so-called 'old drugs' will achieve pharmacological performances in the management of ocular hypertension beyond any expectations and thus open a new era of drug repurposing merely based on material science advancements.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/administração & dosagem , Glaucoma/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão Ocular/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Desenho de Drogas , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Glaucoma/enzimologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Ocular/enzimologia , Patentes como Assunto
13.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1722-1729, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576761

RESUMO

In this study, new chalcone compounds having the chemical structure of 6-(3-aryl-2-propenoyl)-2(3H)-benzoxazolones (1-8) were synthesised and were characterised by 1H-NMR, 13 C-NMR, and HRMS spectra. Cytotoxic and carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitory effects of the compounds were investigated. Cytotoxicity results pointed out that compound 4, 6-[3-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-2-propenoyl]-3H-benzoxazol-2-one, showed the highest cytotoxicity (CC50) and potency-selectivity expression (PSE) value, and thus can be considered as a lead compound of this study. According to the CA inhibitory results, IC50 values of the compounds 1-8 towards hCA I were in the range of 29.74-69.57 µM, while they were in the range of 18.14 - 48.46 µM towards hCA II isoenzyme. Ki values of the compounds 1-8 towards hCA I were in the range of 28.37 ± 6.63-70.58 ± 6.67 µM towards hCA I isoenzyme and they were in the range of 10.85 ± 2.14 - 37.96 ± 2.36 µM towards hCA II isoenzyme.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzoxazóis/síntese química , Benzoxazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Benzoxazóis/química , Benzoxazóis/toxicidade , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/toxicidade , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Chalcona/química , Criança , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
14.
Eur J Med Chem ; 183: 111704, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557608

RESUMO

Curcumin is a small organic molecule with pleiotropic biological activities. However, its multiple structural-pharmacokinetic challenges prevent its development into a clinical drug. Various structural modifications have been made to improve its drug profile. In this review, we focus on the methods adopted in the synthesis of asymmetric curcumin derivatives and their biological activities and forecast the future of this exciting class of compounds in the field of medicine.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Curcumina/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Curcumina/síntese química , Curcumina/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular
15.
Eur J Med Chem ; 183: 111702, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542715

RESUMO

Carbonic anhydrases isoforms CA IX, and XII are known to be highly expressed in various human tissues and malignancies. CA IX is a prominent target for especially colorectal cancers, because it is overexpressed in colorectal cancer and this overexpression leads poor prognosis. Inhibition of CA IX activity by small molecule CA inhibitors like sulfonamides, sulfonamide derivative or coumarins leads to inhibition of tumorigenesis. Novel twenty-seven compounds in three series (sulfonamide-based imines (6a-6i), coumarin-based aldehydes (7a-7i), and coumarin-sulfonamide-based target molecules (8a-8i)) were synthesized and characterized by means of IR, NMR, and mass spectra. All compounds were tested for their ability to inhibit CA I, CA II, CA IX, and CA XII isoforms. 4-((((2-((1-(3-((2-oxo-2H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)propyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methoxy)naphthalen-1-yl)-methylene)amino)methyl)benzenesulfonamide (8i) exhibited the highest hCA IX inhibition with the Ki of 45.5 nM. In addition, 8i was found to be potent in inhibiting cancer cell proliferation as selective (IC50 = 17.01 ±â€¯1.35 µM for HT-29, IC50 = 118.73 ±â€¯1.19 µM for HEK293T). This novel compound inhibited the CA IX and CA XII protein expression in HT-29 cells. These findings indicate that 8i can inhibit cellular proliferation in human colon cancer cells by specifically targeting the CA IX and CA XII expression.


Assuntos
Anidrase Carbônica IX/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Anidrase Carbônica IX/metabolismo , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cumarínicos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células HEK293 , Células HT29 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/química
16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4134, 2019 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515490

RESUMO

Anthropogenic CO2 emissions are causing ocean acidification, which can affect the physiology of marine organisms. Here we assess the possible effects of ocean acidification on the metabolic potential of sponge symbionts, inferred by metagenomic analyses of the microbiomes of two sponge species sampled at a shallow volcanic CO2 seep and a nearby control reef. When comparing microbial functions between the seep and control sites, the microbiome of the sponge Stylissa flabelliformis (which is more abundant at the control site) exhibits at the seep reduced potential for uptake of exogenous carbohydrates and amino acids, and for degradation of host-derived creatine, creatinine and taurine. The microbiome of Coelocarteria singaporensis (which is more abundant at the seep) exhibits reduced potential for carbohydrate import at the seep, but greater capacity for archaeal carbon fixation via the 3-hydroxypropionate/4-hydroxybutyrate pathway, as well as archaeal and bacterial urea production and ammonia assimilation from arginine and creatine catabolism. Together these metabolic features might contribute to enhanced tolerance of the sponge symbionts, and possibly their host, to ocean acidification.


Assuntos
Ácidos/química , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Microbiota , Oceanos e Mares , Poríferos/microbiologia , Animais , Carbono/metabolismo , Ciclo do Carbono , Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Genes Bacterianos , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Poríferos/genética , Enxofre/metabolismo
17.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1652-1659, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530034

RESUMO

Eight genetically distinct carbonic anhydrase (EC 4.2.1.1) enzyme families (α-, ß-, γ- δ-, ζ-, η-, θ- and ι-CAs) were described to date. On the other hand, 16 mammalian α-CA isoforms are known to be involved in many diseases such as glaucoma, edema, epilepsy, obesity, hypoxic tumors, neuropathic pain, arthritis, neurodegeneration, etc. Although CA inhibitors were investigated for the management of a variety of such disorders, the activators just started to be investigated in detail for their in vivo effects. This review summarizes the activation profiles of α-, ß, γ-, δ-, ζ- and η- CAs from various organisms (animals, fungi, protozoan, bacteria and archaea) with the most investigated classes of activators, the amines and the amino acids.


Assuntos
Aminas/farmacologia , Aminoácidos/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Aminas/síntese química , Aminas/química , Aminoácidos/síntese química , Aminoácidos/química , Bactérias/enzimologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Entamoeba histolytica/enzimologia , Fungos/enzimologia , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular
18.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1615-1622, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480869

RESUMO

The highly aggressive fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) are inflammatory mediators involved in synovial joint destruction. Membrane channels and transporters are essential components of the cell migration apparatus and are involved in various cellular functions. Although evidence is emerging that cell migration is a physiological/pathological process, the mechanism of highly dynamic synoviocytes linked to the membrane channels and carbonic anhydrases (CAs) in inflamed joints is only partially understood. In this review, topics covered will give a brief overview of CAs and the membrane channels of synoviocytes. We have also systematically focused on the role of FLS channels and transporters under various conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), to understand the pathophysiology of the migration of synoviocytes as inflammatory mediators in joints.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo , Sinoviócitos/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos
19.
Eur J Med Chem ; 182: 111638, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472471

RESUMO

Four new series of aromatic sulfamates were synthesized and investigated for the inhibition of four human (h) isoforms of zinc enzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1), hCA I, II, IX, and XII. The reported derivatives, obtained by a sulfamoylation reaction of the corresponding phenolic precursors, bear 3,5-diarylpyrazoline moieties as spacers between the benzenesulfamate fragment which binds the zinc ion from the active site, and the tail of the inhibitor. Pyrazolines are biologically privileged scaffolds, endowed with versatile biological activity, such as an anti-proliferative action. The derivatives were tested for the inhibition of the cytosolic, hCA I and II (off target isoforms) and the trans-membrane, tumor-associated hCA IX and XII enzymes (anticancer drug targets). Generally, hCA I was not effectively inhibited, whereas many low nanomolar inhibitors were evidenced against hCA II (KIs in the range of 0.42-90.1 nM), IX (KIs in the range of 0.72-63.6 nM), and XII (KIs in the range of 0.88-85.2 nM). The best substitution fragments at the pyrazoline ring included for CA II a 4-sulfamic group on the 3-aryl and halogens on the 5-aryl or a methoxy group on the 3-aryl and a 4-sulfamate group on the 5-aryl; for CA IX and CA XII they included the sulfamic group on the 3- or 4-position of the 5-aryl and an electronwithdrawing group on the 4-postion of the 3-aryl ring.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Ácidos Sulfônicos/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ácidos Sulfônicos/síntese química , Ácidos Sulfônicos/química
20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3627, 2019 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399577

RESUMO

The mechanisms behind carbon dioxide (CO2) dependency in non-autotrophic bacterial isolates are unclear. Here we show that the Staphylococcus aureus mpsAB operon, known to play a role in membrane potential generation, is crucial for growth at atmospheric CO2 levels. The genes mpsAB can complement an Escherichia coli carbonic anhydrase (CA) mutant, and CA from E. coli can complement the S. aureus delta-mpsABC mutant. In comparison with the wild type, S. aureus mps mutants produce less hemolytic toxin and are less virulent in animal models of infection. Homologs of mpsA and mpsB are widespread among bacteria and are often found adjacent to each other on the genome. We propose that MpsAB represents a dissolved inorganic carbon transporter, or bicarbonate concentrating system, possibly acting as a sodium bicarbonate cotransporter.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , NADH Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Staphylococcus aureus/fisiologia , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Bicarbonatos/metabolismo , Anidrases Carbônicas/classificação , Anidrases Carbônicas/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Larva , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Mariposas , Mutação , NADH Desidrogenase/classificação , NADH Desidrogenase/genética , Óperon , Filogenia , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Staphylococcus aureus/genética , Staphylococcus aureus/patogenicidade , Virulência/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA