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1.
Br J Nurs ; 29(1): 5, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917934
2.
Br J Sports Med ; 54(1): 44-48, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527043

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence, type, aetiology and severity of injuries sustained by the International Ski Federation World Cup level female ski jumpers during the 2017-18 season. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Sixty-seven female ski jump athletes from 16 countries were followed throughout the 17-week winter season. Preseason baseline demographic data and injury history were recorded via questionnaire. Prospective biweekly reports and retrospective end-of-season interviews provided data on all injuries requiring medical attention. RESULTS: Seventeen injuries were recorded, corresponding to an incidence of 25.4 injuries/100 athletes/season. The incidence of time-loss and severe injuries were found to be 17.9 and 4.5, respectively. The knee was the most common site of injury (4/17; 23.5%). Fourteen injuries occurred on the ski jump hill and crash-landing was the most common mechanism of injury (10/14; 71%). Eighty-five per cent of all moderate and severe injuries occurred in snow or windy conditions. Length of jumps resulting in injury averaged 83.7% (95% CI 72.9% to 94.4%) of hill size. Moderate injuries causing 8-28 days absence from training activities were most common (7/17; 41%) and there were three severe injuries necessitating >4 weeks absence. CONCLUSION: Injuries among elite female ski jumpers are common and the majority are acute, resulting in time loss from training and competition. The knee was the most common site of injury and poor weather conditions may be a risk factor. Future studies are needed to identify risk factors for injury and to guide injury prevention initiatives.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Esqui/lesões , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Traumatismos em Atletas/etiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Competitivo/fisiologia , Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Traumatismos do Joelho/epidemiologia , Traumatismos do Joelho/etiologia , Traumatismos do Joelho/prevenção & controle , Condicionamento Físico Humano , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Tempo (Meteorologia)
3.
Br J Sports Med ; 54(1): 38-43, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30796104

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of sports injury at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. METHODS: 567 athletes from 49 countries were monitored daily for 12 days over the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games (6804 athlete days). Injury data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support (41 teams and 557 athletes) and teams without their own medical support (8 teams and 10 athletes) through two electronic data capturing systems. RESULTS: 112 of 567 athletes (19.8%) reported a total of 142 injuries, with an injury incidence rate (IR) of 20.9 per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 17.4 to 25.0). The highest IR was reported for para snowboard (IR of 40.5 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 28.5 to 57.5]; p<0.02), particularly in the lower limb and head/face/neck anatomical areas. Across all sports at the Games, acute traumatic injuries (IR of 16.2 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 13.2 to 19.8]) and injuries to the shoulder/arm/elbow complex (IR of 5.7 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 4.2 to 7.8]) were most common. However, most injuries (78.9%) did not require time loss. CONCLUSION: The new Paralympic Winter Games sport of Para snowboard requires attention to implement actions that will reduce injury risk. The shoulder was the most injured single joint-a consistent finding in elite para sport.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Esportes na Neve/lesões , Esportes para Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , China/epidemiologia , Comportamento Competitivo , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Lesões do Ombro/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Br J Sports Med ; 54(1): 27-32, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We describe compliance with the 'IOC Needle Policy' at two Winter Olympic Games (Sochi and PyeongChang) and compare these findings to those of the Summer Olympic Games of Rio de Janeiro. METHOD: All needle-use declaration(s) (NUD) received during the course of the 2014 and 2018 Olympic Games were reviewed. We recorded socio-demographic data, the nature and purpose of needle use, product(s) injected, and route of administration. Data were analysed descriptively. RESULTS: In total, doctors from 22 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) submitted 122 NUD involving 82 athletes in Sochi; in PyeongChang, doctors from 19 NOCs submitted 82 NUD involving 61 athletes. This represented approximately 2% of all athletes at both Games, and 25% and 20% of all NOCs participating in Sochi and PyeongChang, respectively. No marked differences in the NUD distribution patterns were apparent when comparing the two Winter Olympic Games. The most commonly administered substances were as follows: local anaesthetics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and glucocorticoids. Physicians submitted multiple NUD for 24% of all athletes who required a NUD. CONCLUSION: A limited number of NOCs submitted NUD suggesting a low incidence of needle use or limited compliance (approximately 2%). A key challenge for the future is to increase the rate of compliance in submitting NUD. More effective education of NOCs, team physicians and athletes regarding the NUD policy, its purpose, and the necessity for NUD submissions, in association with the enforcement of the appropriate sanctions following non-compliance are needed.


Assuntos
Injeções/estatística & dados numéricos , Notificação de Abuso , Esportes/legislação & jurisprudência , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , China , Doping nos Esportes/prevenção & controle , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Agulhas/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Br J Nurs ; 28(22): 1485, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835936

RESUMO

Jasmine Callaghan, Editor, Journal of Aesthetic Nursing, reports for BJN on a Nursing and Midwifery Council event to mark 100 years of nurse regulation and celebrate what nurses have accomplished.


Assuntos
Logro , Legislação de Enfermagem/história , Enfermagem , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , História do Século XX , Humanos , Sociedades de Enfermagem , Reino Unido
7.
Br J Nurs ; 28(22): 1490-1491, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835945

RESUMO

Emeritus Professor Alan Glasper, from the University of Southampton, and Mental Health Lecturer and Nurse Historian Diane Carpenter, from the University of Plymouth, discuss the centenary of nurse regulation and consider polices and historical debates that shaped today's nursing regulator, the Nursing and Midwifery Council.


Assuntos
Legislação de Enfermagem , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos , Reino Unido
8.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(10): 237, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851644

RESUMO

Brain Injury Awareness Month, observed each March, was established 3 decades ago to educate the public about the incidence of brain injury and the needs of persons with brain injuries and their families (1). Caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or penetrating head injury, a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to short- or long-term changes affecting thinking, sensation, language, or emotion.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos
9.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(17): 381, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851645

RESUMO

Arthritis Awareness Month, led by the Arthritis Foundation (https://www.arthritis.org), is observed each May to bring attention to arthritis and its impact. Arthritis affects an estimated 54.4 million U.S. adults, or approximately one in four (1); and of these adults with arthritis, approximately 27% have severe joint pain (2). Arthritis also is linked to higher rates of physical inactivity (1).


Assuntos
Artrite , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos
10.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(19): 433, 2019 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851646

RESUMO

This year's Healthy and Safe Swimming Week theme, "Pool Chemistry for Healthy and Safe Swimming," focuses on preventing pool chemical injuries. Pool chemicals prevent the spread of germs that cause illnesses and disease outbreaks; however, these same chemicals can cause injuries if mishandled. Each year, an estimated 3,000-5,000 emergency department visits caused by pool chemical injuries (e.g., poisonings from inhalation or ingestion of pool chemicals and dermatitis or conjunctivitis from pool chemical splashes) occur in the United States.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Segurança , Piscinas , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos
11.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(35): 757, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851647

RESUMO

Every September, CDC, along with partners in government, private and public health, and academia observes National Preparedness Month, a public service reminder of the importance of personal and community preparedness for all events (1). This year, CDC's Center for Preparedness and Response has published a CDC Digital Media Toolkit (https://www.cdc.gov/cpr/npm/npm2019.htm) regarding personal health preparedness, including how to build an emergency supplies kit. In addition to food and water, an emergency supplies kit should include 1) personal needs (supplies necessary to protect physical, mental, and emotional health); 2) an emergency supply of prescription medications and medical supplies; 3) important paperwork including documentation of medical coverage, property ownership, and identity; and 4) backup and alternative power sources for mobile phones and medical devices.


Assuntos
Defesa Civil , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos , Estados Unidos
12.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(43): 961, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851648

RESUMO

November is National Diabetes Month. In the United States, 30 million adults aged ≥18 years are living with diabetes and 84 million with prediabetes (1). Among persons aged ≥65 years, one in four is estimated to have diabetes, and one in two has prediabetes (1). Persons with prediabetes are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke (2). However, type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed through a structured lifestyle change program that promotes weight loss, healthy eating, and increased physical activity (2). A report on diabetes among Medicare beneficiaries is included in this issue of MMWR (3).


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/prevenção & controle , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos , Estados Unidos
13.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(20): 453, 2019 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851649

RESUMO

May is Healthy Vision Month, an annual observance dedicated to making vision and eye health a national priority. During this month, CDC's Vision Health Initiative (VHI) in the Division of Diabetes Translation joins with the National Eye Institute's National Eye Health Education Program to educate the public about preventing vision loss and promoting eye health. Almost 3.22 million U.S. persons are affected by vision impairment, which can be associated with social isolation, disability, and decreased quality of life (https://www.cdc.gov/visionhealth/risk/burden.htm).


Assuntos
Transtornos da Visão/prevenção & controle , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos , Estados Unidos
14.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(25): 561, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851650

RESUMO

National HIV Testing Day, observed each year on June 27, highlights the importance of testing in detecting, treating, and preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Early diagnosis is critical to controlling HIV transmission in the United States (1). With the aim of reducing the number of new infections in the United States by 90% in 10 years, the Ending the HIV Epidemic initiative initially will focus on the 50 local jurisdictions where approximately half of diagnoses made in 2016 and 2017 were concentrated and in seven states with a disproportionate occurrence of HIV in rural areas (2). An analysis of 2016 and 2017 population-based survey data reported in this issue of MMWR found that overall, 38.9% of the U.S. population had ever tested for HIV infection, including 46.9% in the 50 local jurisdictions with the majority of diagnoses and 35.5% in the seven states with disproportionate occurrence of HIV in rural areas. To control HIV transmission, health care providers and public health practitioners need to develop HIV testing strategies to reach segments of the population that have never tested for HIV infection and offer at least annual testing of persons at risk for infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Programas de Rastreamento , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos , Estados Unidos
15.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(29): 637, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851651

RESUMO

World Hepatitis Day, observed each year on July 28, was established to raise awareness and promote understanding of viral hepatitis around the world. The theme of this year's World Hepatitis Day is "Invest in Eliminating Hepatitis," underscoring the need to increase commitment for hepatitis response. In 2015, an estimated 257 million persons were living with hepatitis B and 71 million with hepatitis C worldwide (1).


Assuntos
Saúde Global , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hepatite/prevenção & controle , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos
16.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(45): 1013, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851654

RESUMO

The American Cancer Society's Great American Smokeout is an annual event that encourages smokers to make a plan to quit smoking (https://www.cancer.org/healthy/stay-away-from-tobacco/great-american-smokeout.html). The 44th annual Great American Smokeout will occur on November 21, 2019.


Assuntos
Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar , American Cancer Society , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos , Estados Unidos
17.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(40): 873, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851655

RESUMO

National Latinx AIDS Awareness Day, October 15, is observed each year to focus on the continuing and disproportionate impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) on Hispanics/Latinos in the United States. In 2017, 26% of newly diagnosed HIV infections occurred in Hispanics/Latinos (1). Seventy-five percent of these newly diagnosed HIV infections in Hispanics/ Latinos were in men who have sex with men (MSM), and an additional 3% were in MSM who inject drugs (1).


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/etnologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia , Hispano-Americanos/psicologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/prevenção & controle , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Hispano-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(47): 1089, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851652

RESUMO

World AIDS Day, observed annually on December 1, draws attention to the status of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic. Approximately 37.9 million persons worldwide are living with HIV infection, including 1.7 million persons newly infected in 2018 (1).


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Epidemias , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/prevenção & controle , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos
19.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765547

RESUMO

The article presents the course of life and various activities of S. I. Mitskevich, public physician, participant of revolutionary movement, Soviet health care professional. He was author of "The Memoirs of Public Physician"/ Не also studied psychoneurosis in the Trans-Polar Lands and founded leprosy and municipal hospital in the city of Sredne-Kolymsk.


Assuntos
Médicos , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Pessoal de Saúde , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Federação Russa , Condições Sociais
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