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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246455, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278524

RESUMO

Abstract The inheritance of the seedless fruit characteristic of Annona squamosa has not yet been explained. Molecular techniques may aid breeding programs, mainly in the assisted selection of the target gene. The INO gene may be related to seed development in these fruits. The objective of the present paper was to investigate the inheritance of seedlessness in the 'Brazilian seedless' sugar apple and INO gene conservation in Annona squamosa and Annona cherimola x Annona squamosa genotypes by assessing their homology with the INO database genes. The F1 generation was obtained by crossing the mutant 'Brazilian seedless' (male genitor) (P1) with the wild-type A. squamosa with seeds (M1 and M2, female genitors). The INO gene was studied in mutant and wild-type A. squamosa (P1, M1, M2 and M3) and in the Gefner atemoya (A. cherimola x A. squamosa) (M4) cultivar. The DNA was extracted from young leaves, and four sets of specific primers flanking the INO gene were amplified. The seedless characteristic was identified as stenospermatic in the fruits of parental P1, suggesting monogenic inheritance with complete dominance. High sequence similarity of the INO gene amplifications in the sugar apple accessions (M1, M2, M3) and the atemoya cultivar Gefner (M4) reinforces the hypothesis of their conservation.


Resumo A herança da característica de fruto sem sementes de Annona squamosa ainda não foi esclarecida. Técnicas moleculares podem auxiliar em programas de melhoramento, principalmente na seleção assistida do gene de interesse. O gene INO pode estar relacionado ao desenvolvimento da semente dessas frutas. O objetivo foi investigar a herança da ausência de sementes em Annona squamosa e a conservação do gene INO nos genótipos Annona squamosa e Annona cherimola x Annona squamosa avaliando sua homologia com banco de dados de genes INO. A geração F1 foi obtida pelo cruzamento do mutante 'Brazilian seedless' (genitor masculino) (P1) com o tipo selvagem com sementes (A. squamosa) (M1 e M2, genitores femininos). O gene INO foi estudado em A. squamosa, mutante e selvagem (P1, M1, M2 e M3) e na cultivar Gefner atemoya (A. cherimola x A. squamosa) (M4). O DNA foi extraído de folhas jovens, e quatro conjuntos de primers específicos flanqueando o gene INO foram amplificados. A característica sem sementes foi identificada como estenospermática nos frutos do parental P1, sugerindo herança monogênica com dominância completa. A alta similaridade de sequência das amplificações do gene INO nos acessos de pinha (M1, M2, M3) e na cultivar de atemóia Gefner (M4) reforça a hipótese de sua conservação.


Assuntos
Annonaceae , Annona/genética , Sementes/genética , Brasil , Melhoramento Vegetal , Frutas/genética
2.
Molecules ; 27(18)2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144779

RESUMO

The objective of this work was to find the optimal conditions by thermosonication-assisted extraction (TSAE) of the total acetogenin content (TAC) and yield from A. muricata seeds, assessing the effect of the temperature (40, 50, and 60 °C), sonication amplitude (80, 90, and 100%), and pulse-cycle (0.5, 0.7, and 1 s). In addition, optimal TSAE conditions of acetogenins (ACGs) were compared with extraction by ultrasound at 25 °C and the soxhlet method measuring TAC and antioxidant capacity. Moreover, solubility and identification of isolated ACGs were performed. Furthermore, the antifungal activity of ACGs crude extract and isolated ACGs was evaluated. Optimal TSAE conditions to extract the highest TAC (35.89 mg/g) and yield (3.6%) were 50 °C, 100% amplitude, and 0.5 s pulse-cycle. TSAE was 2.17-fold and 15.60-fold more effective than ultrasound at 25 °C and the Soxhlet method to extract ACGs with antioxidant capacity. Isolated ACGs were mostly soluble in acetone and methanol. Seven ACGs were identified, and pseudoannonacin was the most abundant. The inhibition of Candida albicans, Candida krusei, and Candida tropicalis was higher from isolated ACGs than crude extract. TSAE was effective to increase the yield in the ACGs extraction from A. muricata seeds and these ACGs have important antifungal activity.


Assuntos
Annona , Acetogeninas/farmacologia , Acetona , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Metanol , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sementes
3.
Food Res Int ; 160: 111687, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076448

RESUMO

The Brazilian cerrado is considered one of the most critical biomes in the world. Araticum (Annona crassiflora Mart.) is a native plant from the Brazilian cerrado, abundant in nutrients and highly energetic. This study aimed to obtain chemical fingerprints of different parts of the araticum fruit, i.e. pulp, peel, and seed. Extracts from these three parts were prepared using different solvents (ethanol, water, and mixtures of ethanol and water) and later analyzed by paper spray ionization mass spectrometry. In general, ethanol extracted more metabolites than the other solvents. The chemical profiles varied according to the fruit part, geographic location, and extractor solvent. Among the metabolites, acetogenins (62.3%) and alkaloids (20.7%) predominated. Principal component analyses revealed that the samples were grouped according to the fruit part, regardless of the extractor solvent used. Araticum shows remarkable potential due to the beneficial properties of the metabolites for human health. The insertion of araticum in the human diet is still underexplored but is a promising alternative.


Assuntos
Annona , Annona/química , Etanol/análise , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Sementes/química , Solventes/análise , Água/análise
4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 16165, 2022 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36171339

RESUMO

This study investigated for the first time a simple bio-synthesis approach for the synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) using Annona muricata L (A. muricata) plant extract to test their anti-cancer effects. The presence of CuONPs was confirmed by UV-visible spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscope (SEM), and Transmission electron microscope (TEM). The antiproliferative properties of the synthesized nanoparticles were evaluated against (AMJ-13), (MCF-7) breast cancer cell lines, and the human breast epithelial cell line (HBL-100) as healthy cells. This study indicates that CuONPs reduced cell proliferation for AMJ-13 and MCF-7. HBL-100 cells were not significantly inhibited for several concentration levels or test periods. The outcomes suggest that the prepared copper oxide nanoparticles acted against the growth of specific cell lines observed in breast cancer. It was observed that cancer cells had minor colony creation after 24 h sustained CuONPs exposure using (IC50) concentration for AMJ-13 was (17.04 µg mL-1). While for MCF-7 cells was (18.92 µg mL-1). It indicates the uptake of CuONPs by cancer cells, triggering apoptosis. Moreover, treatment with CuONPs enhanced Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) production, probably caused by cell membrane damage, creating leaks comprising cellular substances like lactate dehydrogenase. Hence, research results suggested that the synthesized CuONPs precipitated anti-proliferative effects by triggering cell death through apoptosis.


Assuntos
Annona , Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias da Mama , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , Annona/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular , Cobre/química , Feminino , Humanos , Lactato Desidrogenases , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas/química , Óxidos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
5.
Niger J Physiol Sci ; 37(1): 127-135, 2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35947846

RESUMO

Annona muricata (AMC), is a tropical plant species of the Annonaceae family known for its medicinal uses in ameliorating and/or protecting several organs and tissues in the body. In this study we elucidated the influence of the methanol extracts of AMC leaf and stem bark on the biochemical and histological integrity of the colorectum. Different doses (100, 200, 400, 600, and 800mg of extract/kg body weight) of methanol extracts of the leaves and stembark were orally administered to adult male Wistar rats of average weight (100 - 150 g) for 28 days. At the end of the experimental period, the rats were sacrificed and colorectal tissues harvested for analyses. Adenosine triphosphatase (ATPases), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activities, and tissue protein (TP) concentration, were evaluated by colorimetric method using appropriate test kits. The results in the colorectal tissue analysed showed that total ATPase, LDH and G6PD (energy markers) activities increased significantly in the groups which received methanol leaf and stem bark extracts of AMC when compared with control. However, a general decrease was observed in TP and Na+/K+-ATPase activity but there was a twist in Na+/K+-ATPase activity in stem bark doses of 200mg/kg and 400mg/kg which showed significant increases in dose dependent manner when compared with the control. Even though G6PD activity showed fluctuating patterns for both extracts, the highest dose (800mg/kg) reflected the most significant increase when compared with the control. The histology confirmed the toxicological results by the biochemical parameters. Under the condition of this study, we inferred that the methanol leaf and stem-bark extracts of AMC may significantly influence the enzymes by reducing and increasing total ATPase and Na+/K+-ATPase activities depending on the doses and administration should therefore depend on the desired outcome.


Assuntos
Annona , Neoplasias Colorretais , Adenosina Trifosfatases , Animais , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Metanol , Casca de Planta , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Folhas de Planta , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(16)2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36012506

RESUMO

Annona cherimola fruit, known as cherimoya or custard apple, is an exotic fruit from South America but is strongly produced in Andalusia, Spain. Its by-products (seeds and peel) are recognised as important sources of antioxidants, including phenolic acids, flavonoids and procyanidins. Therefore, the aim of this study was to carry out the characterization of its phenolic composition and to in vitro evaluate the bioactivity of custard apple seed and peel. Therefore, high performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-qTOF-MS) was performed in order to tentatively identify their phenolic composition. In the end, 19 compounds were identified and quantified, some of them for the first time in the custard apple matrix. Then, seed and peel total phenolic content, as well as antioxidant properties, radical scavenging capacity (O2, NO, HOCl) and inhibition of enzymes involved in different pathologies (hyaluronidase, elastase, collagenase, tyrosinase, acetylcholinesterase and xanthine oxidase), were evaluated. Although both extracts showed almost similar antioxidant capacities, custard apple seed stood out slightly more than peel (171 ± 2 vs. 130.0 ± 0.4 µmol TE/g DE, resp.), especially as ·NO scavenger (IC50 1.5 ± 0.2 vs. 11.8 ± 0.3 mg/L, resp.) and hyaluronidase inhibitor (IC50 170 ± 10 vs. 460 ± 20mg/L, resp.). Finally, the application of extracts on a real human model of platelet aggregation was performed, reporting antiaggregatory effects in agonist-promoted platelet thrombus formation. All these results show that custard apple by-products are stated as interesting sources of bioactive compounds with multiple industrial applications for the development of high-added-value products, such as functional foods, nutraceuticals and cosmeceuticals, promoting the circular bioeconomy of these by-products.


Assuntos
Annona , Acetilcolinesterase , Annona/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Humanos , Hialuronoglucosaminidase , Fenóis/química , Extratos Vegetais/química
7.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(9): 578, 2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36029413

RESUMO

Rapid softening of soursop (Annona muricata L.) fruit results in postharvest losses. Bacillus genus is one of the most studied antagonistic biological control agents against postharvest diseases. Nevertheless, information about how this bacterium acts on the fruits is still not understood. The objective of this study aims to gain an insight into the effect of Bacillus mojavensis on the activity and gene expression of antioxidant defense enzymes in soursop fruits during postharvest storage. Our findings indicate different responses in the fruits inoculated with B. mojavensis at biochemical and molecular levels. On day one, fruits inoculated with B. mojavensis presented a mean value of 79.09 GAE/100 gFW in total phenols, and higher superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities (1.35 and 1.78-fold higher, respectively). On the other hand, on the third day of storage, the ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) reached its highest level, including an increase in the expression of SOD, and PPO genes by 18.7-fold and 4.5-fold in fruits inoculated with B. mojavensis. Finally, on the fifth day of storage, soursop fruits inoculated with B. mojavensis had the highest mean values for 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH·), 2,2'-azinobis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate (ABTS· +), with values of 194.68 EAA/100 gFW, and 172.33 EAA/100 gFW, respectively. Indeed, higher polyphenol oxidase (PPO), and peroxidase (POD) activities (2.17-fold and 1.27-fold higher, respectively) were recorded compared to the control fruits. We show that depending on the stage of ripening, the antagonist bacteria B. mojavensis enhanced the antioxidant capacity, enzymatic activity, and gene expression of soursop fruits.


Assuntos
Annona , Bacillus , Antioxidantes , Mecanismos de Defesa , Frutas , Superóxido Dismutase , Verduras
8.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 36(19): e9356, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35866211

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Annona species are of interest for the isolation of bioactive molecules; however, studies of Annona jahnii Saff. are limited. The exploration of bioactive metabolites of endophytes isolated from this species is unprecedented and allows the preservation of the host plant, in addition to enabling the discovery of compounds with promising biological activities. METHODS: Ethyl acetate extracts from the cultured media of five fungi were obtained. The antioxidant capacity of the extracts was measured using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical method. Antimicrobial activity was determined using the microdilution method in broth in 96-well plates. The exploration of the metabolic profile of the extracts and dereplication of the compounds were performed using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization/tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC/ESI-MS/MS) combined with analysis using molecular networking (MN). RESULTS: A total of 1818 MS features were detected in the five selected extracts, of which 39 compounds were putatively identified. The secondary metabolites with the highest abundance were alkaloids, naphthopyrons, and cytochalasins. Other secondary metabolites include fumonisins, coumarin, and a meroterpenoid. Most of these compounds are related to specific biological properties such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiviral, and antitumor activities. Extracts F398 and F403 showed inhibitory activity of the four pathogens tested. Extracts F475 and F506 did not inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, and F407 did not inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli in addition to having potent antioxidant activity, with IC50 values of 10 µg/mL or less. CONCLUSIONS: The use of UHPLC/ESI-MS/MS data combined with MN proved useful in the dereplication of bioactive molecules of complex extracts that are still unexplored. These initial investigations should significantly assist in further research and increase the efficiency and speed in the discovery of new sources of secondary metabolites and new natural products.


Assuntos
Annona , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Antioxidantes/análise , Brasil , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Fungos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
9.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e261211, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35792744

RESUMO

To mitigate the deleterious effects of salt stress, substances capable of acting as mitigators and/or inducers of tolerance to stress have been used, enabling the use of saline waters and contributing to the development of irrigated agriculture. In this context, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of foliar spraying with hydrogen peroxide as an attenuator of salt stress effects on soursop morphophysiology. The experiment was conducted under greenhouse conditions in Campina Grande - PB, Brazil, using a randomized block design, in a 4 × 4 factorial arrangement, whose treatments resulted from the combination of four levels of electrical conductivity of irrigation water - ECw (0.8 - control, 1.6, 2.4, and 3.2 dS m-1) and four concentrations of hydrogen peroxide - H2O2 (0, 10, 20, and 30 µM), with three replicates. Foliar application of hydrogen peroxide at a concentration of 10 µM increased growth, chlorophyll synthesis, and relative water content in the leaves and consequently reduced the foliar water saturation deficit of soursop irrigated with ECw up to 1.6 dS m-1. The concentration of hydrogen peroxide of 30 µM intensified the salt stress on the electrolyte leakage in the leaf blade and the photosynthetic pigments of soursop, 270 days after transplanting.


Assuntos
Annona , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Estresse Salino
10.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 94(2): e20210230, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830083

RESUMO

Wounds treated with TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs) show an improvement in healing time. However, little is known about the parameters that can contribute to this result. On the other hand, the treatment of wounds with polyphenols is widely known. These compounds are found in the peel of Annona crassiflora fruit and have antioxidant, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we evaluated the healing effect of TiO2 nanocrystals (TiO2-NCs), polyphenolic fractions obtained from ethanolic extract of A. crassiflora fruit peel (PFAC) and mix (PFAC + TiO2-NCs) on the parameters of wound closure, inflammation, collagen deposition, metalloproteinase activity (MMPs) and angiogenesis. TiO2-NCs and PFAC have activity for wound healing, showed anti-inflammatory action and a shorter wound closure time. These treatments also contributed to increased collagen deposition, while only treatment with TiO2-NCs increased MMP-2 activity, parameters essential for the migration of keratinocytes and for complete restoration of the injured tissue. The combination of PFAC + TiO2-NCs reduced the effectiveness of individual treatments by intensifying the inflammatory process, in addition to delaying wound closure. We conclude that the interaction between the hydroxyl groups of PFAC polyphenols with TiO2-NCs may have contributed to difference in the healing activity of skin wounds.


Assuntos
Annona , Nanopartículas , Annona/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Colágeno , Nanopartículas/química , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Titânio , Cicatrização
11.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 192, 2022 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35854286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus has prevailed against the majority of antibiotics currently in clinical use, making it a significant global public health problem. As a safer alternative, bioactive compounds have been explored. Annona muricata has been shown to possess antimicrobial activity. However, there are few reports on the molecular activity of A. muricata bioactive compounds against S. aureus. Thus, this study was aimed at evaluating the antimicrobial activity of its crude extract as well as investigating the potential of its bioactive compounds against the Cap5O capsular polysaccharides (CPS) of S. aureus via molecular docking. METHODS: Collection of plant leaves, preparation of extracts, anti-nutrient analysis, phytochemical screening via crude method and gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometer (GC-MS), isolation and characterization of S. aureus and the antimicrobial activity test were all done using standard protocols. Molecular docking was done using the MCULE online tool with emphasis on docking scores, toxicity, and other properties. RESULTS: Crude screening of the extracts showed the presence of polyphenols, hydroxyanthraquinones, reducing compounds, flavonoids, saponins, glycosides, alkaloids, anthraquinones, phlobatannins and tannins in different concentrations. Anti-nutrient analysis showed the presence of allowable levels of evaluated anti-nutrients. GC-MS revealed a total of twenty-nine (29) bioactive compounds, out of which only 4 (13.80%) docked without toxicity and these were bicyclo[4.1.0]heptan-2-one 6-methyl, trichloromethane, carbonic acid 2-dimethylaminoethyl propyl ester, and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-5-thioxo-1,2,4-triazolidin-3-one on either the NAD-binding or C-terminal substrate binding domain of Cap5O. CONCLUSION: Results obtained show that Cap5O could be a potential drug target for multi-drug resistant S. aureus, however, further studies aimed at evaluating these bioactive compounds individually and in combination are highly needed.


Assuntos
Annona , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Annona/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus
12.
Metabolomics ; 18(7): 49, 2022 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35781851

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Natural products are often efficacious and safe alternatives to synthetic drugs. This study explored secondary leaves and bark metabolites profiles in extracts of a new Egyptian hybrid, Annona cherimola × Annona squamosa, known as Abdel Razek. This hybrid exhibited 100% similarity with A. cherimola as evidenced by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) analyses. METHODS: Primary constituents in methanol extracts of different plant organs were identified. Extracts richest in alkaloids and polyphenolics were assessed for in vitro antioxidant activity and the most potent were further studied in vivo for treating gastric ulcer in rats. The latter activity was assessed histopathologically. RESULTS: Structural analysis with HPLC/ESI-MSn, and UPLC/HESI-MS/MS identified 63 metabolites, including seven amino acids, 20 alkaloids, 16 flavonoids, eight phenolics and other compounds. Severe stomach alteration was observed after ethanol induction in rats. Ulcer score, oxidative stress biomarkers, cell organelles biomarker enzymes, and gastrointestinal histological features improved to variable degrees after treatment with Annona Abdel Razek hybrid leaves and bark methanol extracts. CONCLUSION: Extracts of Annona Abdel Razek had showed in vitro antioxidant effect and may be promising for the treatment of gastric ulcers.


Assuntos
Annona , Extratos Vegetais , Alcaloides/química , Animais , Annona/química , Annona/classificação , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Impressões Digitais de DNA , Egito , Metabolômica , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polifenóis/química , Técnica de Amplificação ao Acaso de DNA Polimórfico , Ratos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
Molecules ; 27(11)2022 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35684400

RESUMO

In 1789, the Annonaceae family was catalogued by de Jussieu. It encompasses tropical and subtropical plants which are widespread in distribution across various continents such as Asia, South and Central America, Australia and Africa. The genus of Annona is one of 120 genera of the Annonaceae family and contains more than 119 species of trees and shrubs. Most species are found in tropical America, where over 105 species have been identified. Due to its edible fruits and medicinal properties, Annona is the most studied genus of Annonaceae family. To date, only a limited number of these species have economic value, including A. squamosa L. (sugar apple), A. cherimola Mill. (Cherimoya), A. muricata L. (guanabana or soursop), A. atemoya Mabb. (atemoya), a hybrid between A. cherimola and A. squamosa, A. reticulata L. (custard apple), A. glabra L. (pond-apple) and A. macroprophyllata Donn. Sm. (ilama). Phytochemically, several classes of secondary metabolites, including acetogenins, essential oils, alkaloids, terpenoids and flavonoids. The pharmacological activities of Annona species leaves and seeds include antibacterial, anticancer, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory properties.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Annona , Annonaceae , Acetogeninas/farmacologia , Alcaloides/análise , Annona/química , Frutas/química
14.
Curr Comput Aided Drug Des ; 18(3): 168-184, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538817

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Annona muricata is a member of the Annonaceae family. This plant has a high concentration of acetogenin, which gives it excellent therapeutic property. Researchers have tested this miraculous herb in breast cancer cells treatment and observed that it could be a source of anti-cancer agents. The proposed study focused on screening the anticancer biological activity of Annona muricata plant by using the in vitro, in vivo, and in silico methods. METHODS: In in vitro analysis, the IC50 was determined on two-dimensional and three-dimensional breast cancer cells. 2D cells were cultured on flat dishes typically made of plastic, while 3D cells were cultured using the hanging drop method. In in vivo analysis, Drosophila melanogaster was preferred, and the LC50 was determined. In in silico analysis, molecular docking studies have been carried out on the different classes of Annona muricata acetogenins against the target proteins. Nearly, five acetogenins were selected from the literature, and docking was performed against human Bcl-2, Bad and Akt-1 proteins. RESULTS: In vitro and in vivo results revealed the IC50 value of 2D MDA-MB-231 cells as 330 µg.mℓ-1, of 2D MCF-7 cells as290 µg.mℓ-1, and of 3D MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells about 0.005 g.mℓ-1; the LC50 value of Drosophila melanogaster was determined as 0.1 g.mℓ-1. In silico results revealed that the docked complex formed by Isoquercetin showed better binding affinity towards target proteins. CONCLUSION: As a result of the analysis, the Annona muricata plant has been observed to be effective against cancer and likely to be a potential drug.


Assuntos
Annona , Neoplasias da Mama , Acetogeninas/química , Acetogeninas/metabolismo , Animais , Annona/química , Annona/metabolismo , Aporfinas , Dioxóis , Drosophila melanogaster , Feminino , Glucosídeos , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Norisoprenoides , Extratos Vegetais/química , Plásticos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Quercetina/análogos & derivados
15.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0267246, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544583

RESUMO

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common bacterial infections. The global emergence of multidrug-resistant uropathogens in the last decade underlines the need to search for new antibiotics with novel mechanisms of action. In this regard, exploring endophytic fungi inhabiting medicinal plants used locally against urinary tract infections could be a promising strategy for novel drug discovery. This study investigates crude metabolites from endophytic fungi isolated from Annona muricata as potential sources of antibiotic drugs to fight against uropathogens and reduce related oxidative stress. Crude ethyl acetate extracts from 41 different endophytic fungi were screened against three bacterial strains using the broth microdilution method, and fungi producing active crude extracts were identified using ITS1-5.8S rRNA-ITS2 nucleotide sequences. The antibacterial modes of action of the five most active extracts were evaluated using Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 43300 and Klebsiella oxytoca strains. The DPPH and FRAP assays were used to investigate their antioxidant activity, and their cytotoxicity against the Vero cell line was evaluated using the MTT assay. Out of the 41 crude extracts tested, 17 were active with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ranging from 3.125 µg/mL to 100 µg/mL and were not cytotoxic against Vero cell lines with a cytotoxic concentration 50 (CC50) >100 µg/mL. The more potent extracts (from Fusarium waltergamsii AMtw3, Aspergillus sp. AMtf15, Penicillium citrinum AMf6, Curvularia sp. AMf4, and Talaromyces annesophieae AMsb23) significantly inhibited bacterial catalase activity, lysed bacterial cells, increased outer membrane permeability, and inhibited biofilm formation, and the time-kill kinetic assay revealed concentration-dependent bactericidal activity. All seventeen extracts showed weak ferric iron-reducing power (1.06 to 12.37 µg equivalent NH2OH/g of extract). In comparison, seven extracts exhibited DPPH free radical scavenging activity, with RSA50 ranging from 146.05 to 799.75 µg/mL. The molecular identification of the seventeen active fungi revealed that they belong to six distinct genera, including Aspergillus, Curvularia, Fusarium, Meyerozyma, Penicillium, and Talaromyces. This investigation demonstrated that fungal endophytes from Cameroonian Annona muricata, a medicinal plant used locally to treat bacterial infections, might contain potent antibacterial metabolites with multiple modes of action. The antibacterial-guided fractionation of these active extracts is currently ongoing to purify and characterise potential antibacterial active ingredients.


Assuntos
Annona , Plantas Medicinais , Infecções Urinárias , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bactérias , Camarões , Misturas Complexas , Endófitos , Feminino , Fungos , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/microbiologia
16.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(6): 330, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579717

RESUMO

The antifungal effect of ethanolic extract fractions of Annona cherimola leaves against the mycelial growth of Fusarium oxysporum was studied. The ethanolic crude extract was solvent partitioned and the ethyl acetate phase was fractionated by column or preparative thin-layer chromatography. All fractions were developed on TLC and analyzed for acetogenins (ACG) with Kedde reagent. The antifungal effect assays were carried out in vitro by the diffusion method on PDA plates. The ethanolic extract of A. cherimola leaves was highly active against F. oxysporum growth; subfractions obtained from the antifungal screening had a significant effect (p < 0.05) on the F. oxysporum growth parameters. The screening showed that as the purification steps progressed, the inhibition of mycelial growth increased. Six bioactive ACG (Annomolon-B, 34-epi annomolon B, almunequin, cherimoline 1, cherimoline 2, and isocherimoline 1) were identified by LC-QTOF-MS/MS. These findings suggested that bioactive ACG from A. cherimola leaves could be an alternative resource of a promising botanical fungicide to control plant diseases caused by F. oxysporum.


Assuntos
Annona , Fusarium , Annona/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e259525, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35588520

RESUMO

This systematic review integrates the data available in the literature regarding the biological activities of the extracts of endophytic fungi isolated from Annona muricata and their secondary metabolites. The search was performed using four electronic databases, and studies' quality was evaluated using an adapted assessment tool. The initial database search yielded 436 results; ten studies were selected for inclusion. The leaf was the most studied part of the plant (in nine studies); Periconia sp. was the most tested fungus (n = 4); the most evaluated biological activity was anticancer (n = 6), followed by antiviral (n = 3). Antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant activities were also tested. Terpenoids or terpenoid hybrid compounds were the most abundant chemical metabolites. Phenolic compounds, esters, alkaloids, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, aromatic compounds, and peptides were also reported. The selected studies highlighted the biotechnological potentiality of the endophytic fungi extracts from A. muricata. Consequently, it can be considered a promising source of biological compounds with antioxidant effects and active against different microorganisms and cancer cells. Further research is needed involving different plant tissues, other microorganisms, such as SARS-CoV-2, and different cancer cells.


Assuntos
Annona , COVID-19 , Annona/química , Annona/microbiologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fungos , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/química , SARS-CoV-2 , Terpenos
18.
Acta Trop ; 233: 106463, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35460645

RESUMO

To combat the problem of acaricide resistance in ticks, efforts have been made to develop eco-friendly herbal acaricides which are safe for animal use with no possibilities of evoking environment and residual toxicity. In the present study, the acaricidal properties of a commonly available plant, Annona squamosa have been established to develop a novel antitick phytoformulation using leaf extract, suitable solvents and emulsifier for managing resistant tick infestations in animals. The quality control of the safe and stable phytoformulation using Rutin as a major constituent was maintained by HPTLC profiling. Several phytformulations (A-E) were prepared and formulation 'C' is identifried as the most effective showing 52.5-75% antitick activity against in vitro treated resistant strains of R. microplus (IVRI-IV and V) with 33.8-40.2% inhibition of oviposition while 65-85% mortality against multiacaricide resistant field populations. The phytoformulation provided 70.4% efficacy after first larval challenge in experimentally infested animals. The field efficacy of the formulation in different multilocational field trials was 68.53-77.8%. The detail antitick efficacy of the formulation along with safety and stability are explained as a component of antitck technology to manage resistant tick problem in livestock.


Assuntos
Acaricidas , Annona , Doenças dos Bovinos , Extratos Vegetais , Rhipicephalus , Infestações por Carrapato , Acaricidas/farmacologia , Animais , Annona/química , Bovinos , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Larva , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Infestações por Carrapato/tratamento farmacológico , Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária
19.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 28(3): 233-241, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35485570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Annona muricata (AM) (graviola) is a plant that grows in tropical regions and is thought to be good for many diseases by local people. Unfortunately, there is no acceptable medical treatment for spinal cord injury (SCI) yet. In our study, we investigated the neuropeotective effects of AM leaf extract on SCI in an experimental rat model. METHODS: A total of 40 Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into five equal groups (n=8). Group 1 was the control group in which only laminectomy was performed. Trauma was induced in four groups after laminectomy. Group 2 (untreated trauma group) was given no medication. In Group 3, a single intraperitoneal dose of methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg) was administered after trauma. The rats in Groups 4 received a low dose (100 mg/kg) of AM leaf extracts by oral gavage one week before trauma while the rats in Group 5 received a high-dose (300 mg/kg) of these extracts by oral gavage one week before trauma. All rats, including the control group, were sacrificed 24 h after the trauma was created. RESULTS: Tissue samples taken to evaluate the neuroprotective effect were examined biochemically and histopathologically. Inflam-matory findings in the trauma group were significantly better in both groups treated with AM. There was no difference between the groups in terms of clinical motor examination and inclined plane test results. CONCLUSION: Our histopathological and biochemical results showed that AM is an agent with neuroprotective effects in trau-matic SCI.


Assuntos
Annona , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Humanos , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/patologia
20.
Int J Pharm ; 618: 121636, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259439

RESUMO

The study demonstrated the fabrication of new poly(glycerol adipate) (PGA) nanoparticles decorated with folic acid (FOL-PGA) and triphenylphosphonium (TPP-PGA) and the potential on the delivery of acetogenin-enriched Annona muricata Linn leaf extract to ovarian cancer cells. FOL-PGA and TPP-PGA were successfully synthesized and used to fabricate FOL-decorated nanoparticles (FOL-NPs) and FOL-/TPP- decorated nanoparticles (FOL/TPP-NPs) by blending two polymers at a mass ratio of 1:1. All nanoparticles had small size of around 100 nm, narrow size distribution and high negative surface charge about -30 mV. The stable FOL/TPP-NPs showed highest drug loading of 14.9 ± 1.9% at 1:5 ratio of extract to polymer and reached to 35.8 ± 2.1% at higher ratio. Both nanoparticles released the extract in a biphasic sustained release manner over 5 days. The toxicity of the extract to SKOV3 cells was potentiated by FOL-NPs and FOL/TPP-NPs by 2.0 - 2.6 fold through induction of cell apoptosis. FOL/TPP-NPs showed lower IC50 and higher cellular uptake as compared to FOL-NPs. FOL-NPs exhibited folate receptor-mediated endocytosis. FOL/TPP-NPs provided more advantages than FOL-NPs in terms of stability in physiological fluid, uptake efficiency and targeting ability to mitochondria and showed a promising potential PGA platform for targeted delivery of herbal cytotoxic extracts.


Assuntos
Annona , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Adipatos , Portadores de Fármacos , Ácido Fólico , Glicerol , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais , Polietilenoglicóis , Polímeros , Prostaglandinas A
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