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1.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(3): 67-71, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971935

RESUMO

Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause congenital brain and eye abnormalities and is associated with neurodevelopmental abnormalities (1-3). In areas of the United States that experienced local Zika virus transmission, the prevalence of birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection during pregnancy increased in the second half of 2016 compared with the first half (4). To update the previous report, CDC analyzed population-based surveillance data from 22 states and territories to estimate the prevalence of birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection, regardless of laboratory evidence of or exposure to Zika virus, among pregnancies completed during January 1, 2016-June 30, 2017. Jurisdictions were categorized as those 1) with widespread local transmission of Zika virus; 2) with limited local transmission of Zika virus; and 3) without local transmission of Zika virus. Among 2,004,630 live births, 3,359 infants and fetuses with birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection during pregnancy were identified (1.7 per 1,000 live births, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.6-1.7). In areas with widespread local Zika virus transmission, the prevalence of birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection during pregnancy was significantly higher during the quarters comprising July 2016-March 2017 (July-September 2016 = 3.0; October-December 2016 = 4.0; and January-March 2017 = 5.6 per 1,000 live births) compared with the reference period (January-March 2016) (1.3 per 1,000). These findings suggest a fourfold increase (prevalence ratio [PR] = 4.1, 95% CI = 2.1-8.4) in birth defects potentially related to Zika virus in widespread local transmission areas during January-March 2017 compared with that during January-March 2016, with the highest prevalence (7.0 per 1,000 live births) in February 2017. Population-based birth defects surveillance is critical for identifying infants and fetuses with birth defects potentially related to Zika virus regardless of whether Zika virus testing was conducted, especially given the high prevalence of asymptomatic disease. These data can be used to inform follow-up care and services as well as strengthen surveillance.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/epidemiologia , Anormalidades Congênitas/virologia , Vigilância da População , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Infecção por Zika virus/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Prevalência , Porto Rico/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Ilhas Virgens Americanas/epidemiologia
2.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(2): 25-29, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945037

RESUMO

Birth defects are a leading cause of infant mortality in the United States, accounting for 20.6% of infant deaths in 2017 (1). Rates of infant mortality attributable to birth defects (IMBD) have generally declined since the 1970s (1-3). U.S. linked birth/infant death data from 2003-2017 were used to assess trends in IMBD. Overall, rates declined 10% during 2003-2017, but decreases varied by maternal and infant characteristics. During 2003-2017, IMBD rates decreased 4% for infants of Hispanic mothers, 11% for infants of non-Hispanic black (black) mothers, and 12% for infants of non-Hispanic white (white) mothers. In 2017, these rates were highest among infants of black mothers (13.3 per 10,000 live births) and were lowest among infants of white mothers (9.9). During 2003-2017, IMBD rates for infants who were born extremely preterm (20-27 completed gestational weeks), full term (39-40 weeks), and late term/postterm (41-44 weeks) declined 20%-29%; rates for moderate (32-33 weeks) and late preterm (34-36 weeks) infants increased 17%. Continued tracking of IMBD rates can help identify areas where efforts to reduce IMBD are needed, such as among infants born to black and Hispanic mothers and those born moderate and late preterm (32-36 weeks).


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/mortalidade , Mortalidade Infantil/tendências , Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Anormalidades Congênitas/etnologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Hispano-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil/etnologia , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Criança Pós-Termo , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Masculino , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
3.
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed ; 105(1): 56-63, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31123058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe ethnic and socioeconomic variation in cause-specific infant mortality of preterm babies by gestational age at birth. DESIGN: National birth cohort study. SETTING: England and Wales 2006-2012. SUBJECTS: Singleton live births at 24-36 completed weeks' gestation (n=256 142). OUTCOME MEASURES: Adjusted rate ratios for death in infancy by cause (three groups), within categories of gestational age at birth (24-27, 28-31, 32-36 weeks), by baby's ethnicity (nine groups) or area deprivation score (Index of Multiple Deprivation quintiles). RESULTS: Among 24-27 week births (5% of subjects; 47% of those who died in infancy), all minority ethnic groups had lower risk of immaturity-related death than White British, the lowest rate ratios being 0.63 (95% CI 0.49 to 0.80) for Black Caribbean, 0.74 (0.64 to 0.85) for Black African and 0.75 (0.60 to 0.94) for Indian. Among 32-36 week births, all minority groups had higher risk of death from congenital anomalies than White British, the highest rate ratios being 4.50 (3.78 to 5.37) for Pakistani, 2.89 (2.10 to 3.97) for Bangladeshi and 2.06 (1.59 to 2.68) for Black African; risks of death from congenital anomalies and combined rarer causes (infection, intrapartum conditions, SIDS and unclassified) increased with deprivation, the rate ratios comparing the most with the least deprived quintile being, respectively, 1.54 (1.22 to 1.93) and 2.05 (1.55 to 2.72). There was no evidence of socioeconomic variation in deaths from immaturity-related conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Gestation-specific preterm infant mortality shows contrasting ethnic patterns of death from immaturity-related conditions in extremely-preterm babies, and congenital anomalies in moderate/late-preterm babies. Socioeconomic variation derives from congenital anomalies and rarer causes in moderate/late-preterm babies. Future research should examine biological origins of extremely preterm birth.


Assuntos
Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade Infantil/etnologia , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos , Pobreza , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Anormalidades Congênitas/mortalidade , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Prematuro/mortalidade , País de Gales/epidemiologia
4.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 148(1): 6-13, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of adverse fetal outcomes after exposure to oral antifungal agents during pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched up to October 2018. SELECTION CRITERIA: Cohort studies and case-control studies investigating fetal outcomes following maternal exposure to oral antifungal agents. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers independently assessed studies for inclusion, assessed risk of bias, and extracted data. Pooled estimates were calculated for the frequency of adverse fetal outcomes. MAIN RESULTS: Overall, eight cohort studies and one case-control study were included. The oral antifungal agents used during pregnancy were fluconazole and itraconazole. The data indicated that oral fluconazole exposure during pregnancy might slightly increase the risk of congenital heart defects and limb defects relative to the general population; oral itraconazole during pregnancy might increase the risk of eye defects. No difference was found between oral fluconazole/itraconazole exposure and non-exposure in the risk of other birth defects, spontaneous abortion, or stillbirth. CONCLUSION: Oral fluconazole or itraconazole may not increase the risk of birth defects. Nonetheless, the risk of congenital heart defects and limb defects after fluconazole exposure and eye defects after itraconazole exposure should be cautiously investigated.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/efeitos adversos , Fluconazol/efeitos adversos , Itraconazol/efeitos adversos , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Anormalidades Congênitas/epidemiologia , Anormalidades Congênitas/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Natimorto/epidemiologia
5.
Int J Cancer ; 146(3): 791-802, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30980537

RESUMO

Perinatal factors have been associated with soft tissue sarcomas (STS) in case-control studies. However, (i) the contributions of factors including fetal growth remain unknown, ( ii) these factors have not been examined in cohort studies and (iii) few assessments have evaluated risk in specific STS subtypes. We sought to identify the role of perinatal and familial factors on the risk of STS in a large population-based birth cohort. We identified 4,023,436 individuals in the Swedish Birth Registry born during 1973-2012. Subjects were linked to the Swedish Cancer Registry, where incident STS cases were identified. We evaluated perinatal and familial factors obtained from Statistics Sweden, including fetal growth, gestational age, and presence of a congenital malformation. Poisson regression was used to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between perinatal factors and STS overall, as well as by common subtypes. There were 673 individuals diagnosed with STS in 77.5 million person-years of follow-up. Having a congenital malformation was associated with STS (IRR = 1.70, 95% CI: 1.23-2.35). This association was stronger (IRR = 2.90, 95% CI: 1.25-6.71) in recent years (2000-2012). Low fetal growth was also associated with STS during the same time period (IRR = 1.86, 95% CI: 1.05-3.29). Being born preterm was associated with rhabdomyosarcoma (IRR = 1.74, 95% CI: 1.08-2.79). In our cohort study, those with congenital malformations and other adverse birth outcomes were more likely to develop a STS compared to their unaffected contemporaries. These associations may point to disrupted developmental pathways and genetic factors influencing the risk of STS.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Sarcoma/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Anamnese/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Sarcoma/genética , Suécia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
BJOG ; 127(2): 230-238, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397072

RESUMO

Women with congenital absolute uterine factor infertility (AUFI) often need vaginal restoration to optimise sexual function. Given their lack of procreative ability, little consideration has previously been given to the resultant vaginal microbiome (VM). Uterine transplantation (UTx) now offers the opportunity to restore these women's reproductive potential. The structure of the VM is associated with clinical and reproductive implications that are intricately intertwined with the process of UTx. Consideration of how vaginal restoration methods impact VM is now warranted and assessment of the VM in future UTx procedures is essential to understand the interrelation of the VM and clinical and reproductive outcomes. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: The vaginal microbiome has numerous implications for clinical and reproductive outcomes in the context of uterine transplantation.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/cirurgia , Infertilidade Feminina/cirurgia , Microbiota/fisiologia , Transplante de Órgãos , Útero/transplante , Vagina/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/fisiologia , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Útero/anormalidades , Útero/microbiologia , Vagina/fisiopatologia
7.
Ceska Gynekol ; 84(5): 386-392, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826637

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of existing knowledge of etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations and treatment options to increase quality of life in women with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKH). DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Motol University Hospital, Prague. METHODS: Literature search using the Web of Science, Google Scholar and Medline databases with keywords (absolute uterine infertility factor, AUFI, Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome, MRKH, uterine transplantation) and analysis of articles published in impact and reviewed journals. RESULTS: MRKH syndrome is defined as congenital agenesis of the upper two-thirds of vagina and uterus in women with normal secondary sexual characteristics and female karyotype (46, XX). The incidence of the syndrome is 1 : 4500 births of female sex children. It is the second most common cause of primary amenorrhea. Recent research has focused on elucidating the genetic origin of the disease, focusing on the research of candidate genes that could be participating in the genesis of Müllerian ducts and their derivatives. CONCLUSION: MRKH syndrome now appears as a multifactorial congenital developmental defect based on a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental factors. Modern medicine can help girls with MRKH syndrome to a quality sexual life. It is also able to offer different possibilities of achieving motherhood. In the future, however, further research is needed, in particular on the etiology and pathogenesis of this syndrome to detect a possible genetic basis of the disease.


Assuntos
Transtornos 46, XX do Desenvolvimento Sexual , Anormalidades Congênitas/genética , Vagina/anormalidades , Transtornos 46, XX do Desenvolvimento Sexual/diagnóstico , Transtornos 46, XX do Desenvolvimento Sexual/genética , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Útero
8.
Ceska Gynekol ; 84(4): 283-288, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818111

RESUMO

Cíl: Popis symptomatiky, diagnostiky a operační léčby vzácné vrozené vady ženského genitálního systému - distální vaginální ageneze. Typ studie: Kazuistika. Pracoviště: Porodnicko-gynekologická klinika, FN a LF UP Olomouc; Ústav pro péči o matku a dítě, 3. lékařská fakulta UK, Praha. Vlastní pozorování: U dvou pacientek ve věku 16,5 a 15 let byla na Porodnicko-gynekologické klinice v Olomouci v letech 2018 a 2019 diagnostikována vrozená vývojová vada pochvy - distální vaginální ageneze. Byla provedena klinická a ultrazvuková diagnostika (v jednom případě magnetická rezonance pánve) a indikována operační léčba - distální kolpoplastika (kolpostomie). Závěr: Distální vaginální ageneze je ojediněle se vyskytující chirurgicky dobře léčitelná vrozená vada vývoje pochvy s dobrou prognózou. Kombinace zobrazovacích metod umožňuje přesnou diagnostiku, adekvátní terapii a stanovení prognózy.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas , Vagina/anormalidades , Anormalidades Congênitas/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos
9.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 863-876, out.-dez. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047592

RESUMO

Este artigo se baseia em um estudo de série temporal sobre os óbitos fetais por malformações congênitas no estado do Maranhão relativo ao período de 2006 a 2016. Foram construídos indicadores epidemiológicos para estimar o risco de morte fetal e sua tendência ao longo da série estudada. Os dados são provenientes do Departamento de Informática do SUS e sua análise realizada por modelos de regressão linear. Foram registrados 17.843 óbitos fetais no período abordado pelo estudo, 528 dos quais decorrentes de malformações congênitas (2,96%). Observou-se uma tendência significativa de aumento do coeficiente de mortalidade fetal geral, correspondente a 6,99% (ß1=0,17; p=0,004) e do específico por malformações congênitas, equivalente a 5,13% (ß1=0,01; p=0,04). Os resultados deste estudo corroboram a tendência histórica dos serviços de saúde negligenciarem os óbitos fetais. É importante destacar que parte destes óbitos são preveníveis e potencialmente evitáveis. Desse modo, a implementação dos comitês de investigação de óbitos fetais e infantis e a sua vigilância adequada poderiam melhorar a assistência prestada tanto no pré-natal quanto no parto.


This article bases on a time series study about fetal deaths due to congenital malformations in the state of Maranhão, Brazil, occurred from 2006 to 2016. Epidemiological indicators were constructed to estimate the risk of fetal death and its trend throughout the series studied. The data were obtained in the Department of Informatics of SUS and analyzed by linear regression models. There were 17,843 fetal deaths during the analysed period, from which 528 were a direct result of congenital malformations (2.96%). A significant tendency towards an increase in the coefficient of general fetal mortality corresponding to 6.99% (ß1=0.17; p=0.004) and in the coefficient of specific fetal mortality due to congenital malformations equivalent to 5.13% (ß1=0.01; p=0.04) were observed. The end results of this study corroborate the historical trend toward negligence in Brazilian health centres with regard to fetal deaths. It is important to remark that some of these deaths can be presumed and potentially preventable. Thus, the implementation of the fetal and infant death investigation committees and their adequate surveillance could improve care during prenatal and delivery.


Este artículo se basa en un estudio de serie temporal acerca de muertes de fetos por malformaciones congénitas en el estado de Maranhão, Brasil, concerniente al periodo de 2006 a 2016. Se construyeron indicadores epidemiológicos para estimar el riesgo de la muerte fetal y su tendencia a lo largo de la serie estudiada. Los datos son provenientes del Departamento de Informática del SUS y fueron analizados por modelos de regresión lineal. Se registraron 17.843 muertes de fetos en el período estudiado, de los cuales 528 fueron resultado de malformaciones congénitas (2,96%). Se observó una tendencia significativa al aumento del coeficiente de mortalidad fetal general correspondiente a 6.99% (ß1=0,17; p=0,004) y del específico, por malformaciones congénitas, equivalente a 5,13% (ß1=0,01; p=0,04). Los resultados del estudio corroboran la tendencia histórica a la negligencia de los centros de salud brasileños con respecto a las muertes de los fetos. Por su importancia debemos destacar que parte de esas muertes son presumibles y pueden ser evitadas. De ese modo, la implementación de los comités de investigación de muertes de fetos y infantiles y su vigilancia adecuada podrían mejorar la asistencia prestada en el prenatal y en el parto.


Assuntos
Humanos , Anormalidades Congênitas , Sistemas de Informação , Epidemiologia , Mortalidade Fetal/tendências , Estudos Ecológicos , Morte Fetal/etiologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Saúde Materno-Infantil , Mortalidade , Indicadores de Desenvolvimento
10.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(10): 1249-1253, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721956

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we intend to identify the prevalence of clinical variables in children with microcephaly. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and observational study with data collected from medical records of patients admitted to the microcephaly outpatient clinic of a referral center in Teresina-PI. Demographic (gender and age) and clinical data (presence of epilepsy, dysphagia, irritability, and associated comorbidities) were collected. The frequency of Zika virus as a probable etiology was determined from computed tomography patterns and the exclusion of other etiologies by serological tests. RESULTS: A total of 67 patient records were evaluated, of which 31 were male and 36 were female, with a mean age of 1 year and 10 months. The most prevalent clinical variables were epilepsy, present in 47 children (70.2%), and irritability in 37 (55.2%). Also with a high frequency, 22 had dysphagia (32.8%), and 13 had musculoskeletal comorbidities (19.4%). Only three patients in the sample had cardiac abnormalities (4.5%), and no endocrine comorbidity was found. A total of 38 children in the sample (56.7%) presented ZIKV as a probable etiology and, in these cases, there was a higher frequency of epilepsy and dysphagia compared to other etiologies, although not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Epilepsy, irritability, dysphagia, and musculoskeletal comorbidities were the most frequent clinical variables in children with microcephaly. There was a high prevalence of congenital ZIKV microcephaly syndrome in this sample.


Assuntos
Epilepsia/epidemiologia , Microcefalia/virologia , Anormalidades Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Anormalidades Congênitas/epidemiologia , Anormalidades Congênitas/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Microcefalia/reabilitação , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/etiologia , Prevalência , Centros de Reabilitação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção por Zika virus/congênito , Infecção por Zika virus/reabilitação
12.
Niger Postgrad Med J ; 26(4): 239-243, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621665

RESUMO

Background: Congenital anomalies (CAs) refer to defects that are present in a newborn but occurred during intrauterine life. They can be due to genetic, modifiable environmental or multifactorial causes. There was no prior report of their burden in our state. Aims: This study aims to describe the incidence, spectrum, predisposing factors and outcome of CAs in our setting. Methods: It was a total population study of all neonates with major birth defects admitted into the unit during the study period. Their clinical-demographic features, diagnoses and outcome were entered into an excel sheet. Clinical detection of birth defects was based on standard diagnostic criteria. The data were analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 20.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Patterns and outcome of birth defects were presented as proportions. Selected characteristics were tested for possible association with birth defect using Fisher's exact test. The level of significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: The incidence of major CAs was 4.3/1000 live births. Female neonates were more affected (59.0%). Participants' mean gestational age was 37.7 ± 3.3 weeks. Central nervous system anomalies were the most common (38.5%) birth defects. These were followed by musculoskeletal, body wall and digestive system anomalies: 28.2%, 23.1% and 10.3%, respectively. One-third (33.3%) of the infants had multiple anomalies. Nearly three quarters of them (74.0%) were referred, 18.0% died while 5.0% were discharged alive. Conclusion: A wide range of CAs occur in our setting with dire consequences. Provision of relevant specialised multidisciplinary care is desirable. Furthermore, pubic enlightenment on its modifiable possible causes can reduce the burden.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Central/anormalidades , Anormalidades Congênitas/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Criança , Anormalidades Congênitas/classificação , Estudos Transversais , Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório/epidemiologia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Anormalidades Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Nigéria/epidemiologia
13.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi ; 116(10): 842-849, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597883

RESUMO

A 69-year-old woman had a history of acute pancreatitis. On abdominal computed tomography, the pancreatic body and tail could not be visualized, and the pancreatic head encircled the descending part of the duodenum. On endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, we could not find the minor papilla. The major papilla was located on the lateral wall of the descending part of the duodenum. The pancreatic duct was short, and the common bile duct was on the lateral side of the duodenum near the hepatic hilum. We diagnosed polysplenia syndrome with annular pancreas and agenesis of the dorsal pancreas. The syndrome includes several congenital anomalies, but there is very little information currently available about this particular syndrome. We report our patient's case and review the pertinent literature.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas , Síndrome de Heterotaxia/diagnóstico , Pâncreas/anormalidades , Pancreatopatias , Idoso , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Feminino , Humanos
14.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(4): 648e-658e, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One-third of infants have ear anomalies, and less than one-third self-correct. Correction of ear deformities by molding exploits the plasticity of the auricular cartilage because of circulating maternal estrogen during infancy. In this study, the authors assess the efficacy of the EarWell Infant Correction System in the correction of ear deformities and determine the factors that affect its outcome. METHODS: The authors conducted a single-center prospective study over a 3-year period. Consecutive full-term infants who underwent ear molding with the EarWell system were recruited. Primary outcome was successful correction of ear anomaly. Secondary outcomes included complications and maintenance of ear shape. Factors identified included type of anomaly, age at application, duration of application, and breastfeeding. RESULTS: Sixty-seven patients with a total of 105 ears were recruited. The anomalies were classified into deformations (66.7 percent) and malformations (33.3 percent). The median age group at presentation was 0 to 7 days (67 percent). Average duration of application was 4.1 weeks. Successful correction was achieved in 86 percent of patients. Ear deformations achieved a significantly higher rate of successful outcome (98 percent) compared with malformations (64 percent) (p < 0.001). Skin complications were common (46 percent) and attributed to our tropical climate. Patients with complications were of a higher mean age (22.1 days) compared with patients with no complications (10.6 days) (p = 0.037). CONCLUSIONS: The EarWell system is an effective nonsurgical option for the treatment of ear anomalies. The type of anomaly was the only predictor of successful correction, whereas age at application, duration of molding, and breastfeeding were not. Complications were more common in older infants. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.


Assuntos
Orelha Externa/anormalidades , Anormalidades Congênitas/terapia , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Urology ; 134: 213-216, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560918

RESUMO

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome is a congenital malformation disorder resulting in agenesis of the proximal vagina, absence of cervix, and variable development of the uterus. This report describes the repair of a complex iatrogenic urethrovaginal injury due to a missed diagnosis of Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser. Our treatment utilized a primary urethroplasty through a transvaginal approach with bladder neck reconstruction and a Martius flap for secondary coverage. Urinary continence was restored postoperatively.


Assuntos
Transtornos 46, XX do Desenvolvimento Sexual/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Congênitas/diagnóstico , Doença Iatrogênica , Ductos Paramesonéfricos/anormalidades , Uretra/lesões , Bexiga Urinária/lesões , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Adolescente , Amenorreia/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Hímen/cirurgia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Uretra/cirurgia , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Incontinência Urinária/cirurgia
16.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(9): 38-41, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561687

RESUMO

Objectives: The present study was aimed at assessing Association of Maternal Risk Factors to congenital anomalies of infants. Material and Methods: This community based retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out in 23 rural sub-centres of block Beri, district Jhajjar (Haryana, India) among 920 mothers. A predesigned pretested semistructured questionnaire was used to collect information. Univariate analysis along with logistic regression analysis was performed. Results: The prevalence of congenitally malformations was 1.2%. Most common congenital malformations were cleft lip/palate (18.18%) and hydrocephalus (18.18%). Mothers with < 3 years gap between pregnancies had higher prevalence (1.7%) of congenital malformations in live births. Mothers with previous history of congenital malformation (8.3%) and abortions (13.6%) had higher prevalence of congenitally malformed babies with 2.6 and 4 times higher odds of having a malformed baby. Conclusion: The study concluded that mothers with risk factors like extreme of ages, illiteracy, bad obstetric history, history of previous congenitally malformed baby are at increased risk of fetal congenital malformation.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Lactente , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 31(3): 466-468, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535531

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal duplication cyst is a rare congenital anomaly with a reported incidence of 1 in 4500 live births. Any part of gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus can be affected with this anomaly. Among gastrointestinal tract duplications, gastric duplication cyst is extremely rare (2- 9%). We are presenting a case of the stomach duplication in a four (04) day old male child who presented in our Emergency Department with complaints of non-bilious, non-projectile vomiting and visible bulge in upper abdomen since birth. Workup showed enteric duplication cyst which was excised. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice in gastric duplication cyst.


Assuntos
Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/etiologia , Estômago/anormalidades , Anormalidades Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estômago/cirurgia
18.
Orv Hetil ; 160(38): 1510-1513, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537097

RESUMO

Gallbladder agenesis is a rare congenital malformation due to an embryological defect of the biliary system. In most cases it is asymptomatic, but it can also mimic biliary colic. We report the case of a 72-year-old Caucasian woman with a medical history of cardiovascular disease and hypercholesterolemia, under cholesterol-lowering and hypotensive treatment, who presented symptoms suggesting biliary colic. She underwent laparoscopic surgery that confirmed the final diagnosis. We present our approach in this rare case as well as a brief review of medical literature. The surgeon should decide intraoperatively whether to continue and search for a possible ectopic gallbladder or investigate further with imaging studies. Gallbladder agenesis is a rare condition that the surgeon must be aware of. In the cases of inconclusive or indirect signs of cholelithiasis, the best approach is complementary imaging investigations such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in order to avoid surgery. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(38): 1510-1513.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/cirurgia , Vesícula Biliar/anormalidades , Laparoscopia , Adulto , Idoso , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Colelitíase/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Humanos
19.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(9): e0007721, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545803

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the impact of the Zika epidemic on the registration of birth defects in Brazil. We used an interrupted time series analysis design to identify changes in the trends in the registration of congenital anomalies. We obtained monthly data from Brazilian Live Birth Information System and used two outcome definitions: 1) rate of congenital malformation of the brain and eye (likely to be affected by Zika and its complications) 2) rate of congenital malformation not related to the brain or eye unlikely to be causally affected by Zika. The period between maternal infection with Zika and diagnosis of congenital abnormality attributable to the infection is around six months. We therefore used September 2015 as the interruption point in the time series, six months following March 2015 when cases of Zika started to increase. For the purposes of this analysis, we considered the period from January 2010 to September 2015 to be "pre-Zika event," and the period from just after September 2015 to December 2017 to be "post-Zika event." We found that immediately after the interruption point, there was a great increase in the notification rate of congenital anomalies of 14.9/10,000 live births in the brain and eye group and of 5.2/10,000 live births in the group not related with brain or eye malformations. This increase in reporting was in all regions of the country (except in the South) and especially in the Northeast. In the period "post-Zika event", unlike the brain and eye group which showed a monthly decrease, the group without brain or eye malformations showed a slow but significant increase (relative to the pre-Zika trend) of 0.2/10,000 live births. These findings suggest an overall improvement in the registration of birth malformations, including malformations that were not attributed to Zika, during and after the Zika epidemic.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros/normas , Infecção por Zika virus/complicações , Encéfalo/anormalidades , Brasil/epidemiologia , Anormalidades Congênitas/virologia , Coleta de Dados/normas , Epidemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Anormalidades do Olho/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Zika virus , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia
20.
J Radiol Case Rep ; 13(5): 24-29, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558956

RESUMO

Coexistence of Klippel-Feil syndrome with Sprengel deformity and omovertebral bone is a rare complex bone abnormality with unknown incidence and etiology. Herein, we report a case of a 6-year-old girl with coexistence of these congenital abnormalities evaluated by three-dimensional computed tomography. We also make a brief review and discuss in details the role of this imaging modality in the evaluation of such complex cases.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Klippel-Feil/diagnóstico por imagem , Escápula/anormalidades , Articulação do Ombro/anormalidades , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Doenças Raras , Escápula/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem
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