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1.
Braz Dent J ; 31(6): 673-679, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237240

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of dental fear and to evaluate its association with dental caries and molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren aged 8-10 years from a municipality in Northeastern Brazil. Data from 466 students enrolled in urban public schools in a cross-sectional study were collected. Parents/guardians answered a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic characteristics, dental fear was measured by means of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) and clinical examinations were performed by three calibrated examiners for diagnosis of dental caries, using the International Caries Detection & Assessment System - ICDAS II and a previously validated index for MIH. Descriptive data analysis was performed, and associations between dental fear, dental caries and MIH were analyzed using robust Poisson regression for complex samples (p<0,05). The prevalence of dental fear was 21.6%, and the mean total CFSS-DS score was 29.97 (CI 95%=29.05-30.89). In the multivariate adjusted model, the prevalence of dental fear was associated to family income (PR=1.78; CI 95%=1.02-3.08; p= 0.041). Monthly family income was associated with dental fear in children, whereas dental caries and MIH were not associated with dental fear.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/epidemiologia , Humanos , Dente Molar , Prevalência
2.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(4): 515-519, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107449

RESUMO

Aim: To assess the association between Individual deprivation measure with dental anxiety and socioeconomic status among patients visiting dentists in Chennai city, Tamil Nadu. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 50 patients aged 18-70 years who visited a private dental institution. Data on socio-demographics and detailed history about dental visits were obtained. Dental anxiety was measured using Corah Dental Anxiety Scale along with Individual deprivation measure questionnaire. Data were analysed using SPSS package 20. Descriptive statistics and one-way ANOVA were used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 50 patients were enrolled in the study, 38% belonged to 31-40 years of age, 56% were male, 16% postponed dental visit due to dental anxiety, 54% belonged to upper middle class and 64% of the subjects had moderate anxiety. In all, 71.9% of the subjects with moderate anxiety were not deprived and 88.9% of upper middle class subjects were not deprived. Significant association was found between socioeconomic status and dental anxiety with Individual deprivation measure with a P < 0.05. Increasing socioeconomic status was associated with more deprivation and dental anxiety was higher among less deprived patients. Conclusion: Individual deprivation measure was associated with dental anxiety. Less deprived and higher socioeconomic class population had a significant higher dental anxiety.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Classe Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Odontólogos , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
3.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 25(6): e714-e719, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the prevalence of dental anxiety (DA) in patients with third molar extractions and its influence factors and the correlation between DA levels and postoperative pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective and descriptive clinical study was performed. All patients who underwent the impacted third molar extraction from October 2017 to February 2019 were enrolled. DA levels were assessed by virtue of the modified dental anxiety scale (MDAS) and pain was assessed with a visual analog scale (VAS). RESULTS: A total of 150 patients were investigated and 136 valid questionnaires were retrieved, with an effective rate of 90.7%. The independent sample t-test and ANOVA results showed that the anxiety level of patients with the third molar extractions was statistically different in gender, teeth extraction experience and self-assessment oral health status. Multiple linear regression analysis with DA as a dependent variable showed that gender and teeth extraction experience were independent factors influencing DA in patients with third molar extractions. Pearson's test showed that there was a significant correlation between DA level in patients and the postoperative pain on the first day (r=0.542, p=0.000). CONCLUSIONS: For patients (females, poor oral hygiene and no teeth extraction experience), surgeon should pay more attention to DA of such patients and take measures to reduce the anxiety when removing the third molars. Furthermore, surgeon can recommend oral administration ibuprofen sustained release capsules after surgery.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado/cirurgia
4.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 38(3): 222-231, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004719

RESUMO

Context: Dental anxiety and fear is not only a psychological problem but also a dental health problem. It is important to understand how the cognitive elements influence child's dental anxiety/fear and interact with their oral health. Objective: This study was conducted among children to determine the association between cognitive vulnerability (CV) with dental fear and their oral health status. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 500 schoolchildren aged 12-15 years in Bengaluru city. Methodology: The schools and participants were selected by cluster random and systematic random sampling method, respectively. Cognitive vulnerability and Index of Dental Anxiety and Fear (IDAF-4C+) were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Oral health status was recorded using the World Health Organization 2013 proforma for children. Statistical Analysis Used: Chi-square test, Student's t-test, Spearman's correlation, and multivariate hierarchical linear regression were used in this study. The statistical significance was considered at P < 0.05. Results: Nearly half of the study participants had cognitive perceptions, dental anxiety/fear, phobia, and stimulus toward dental treatment. Majority had dental caries and gingival bleeding. Cognitive vulnerability, dental anxiety/fear, phobia, and stimulus were independent of the age and gender and were associated with socioeconomic status. A significant correlation was found between participants' CV, IDAF-4C+, dental caries, and gingival bleeding. Cognitive vulnerability was a significant predictor of dental caries and gingival bleeding. Dental anxiety/fear and dental phobia were significant predictors of dental caries. Conclusion: Oral health status was significantly poorer and was associated with CV, dental anxiety/fear, phobia, and stimulus. Cognitive elements together with dental fear influenced oral health.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Cognição , Estudos Transversais , Medo , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal
5.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 48(5): 440-446, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562307

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study assessed the correlation between individual and school-related social environment variables with dental anxiety in Brazilian schoolchildren aged 8-12 years. METHODS: A sample of children from 20 private and public schools (n = 1211) from Pelotas, Brazil, were selected. Socioeconomic data were collected from parents, and data regarding children characteristics were collected using a questionnaire. Dental anxiety (the outcome) was assessed by the following question: 'Are you afraid of going to the dentist?' Dental examinations were performed to assess caries experience (DMFT ≥ 1). The social school environment was assessed by a questionnaire administered to schools' coordinators and considered: type of school, verbal violence between students, presence of gangs at school and cyberbullying episodes. Multilevel Poisson regression was used to investigate the association between school social environment and dental anxiety. RESULTS: The prevalence of dental anxiety was 9.1% (95%CI 7.5-10.8). For the individual variables, anxiety was more prevalent in girls [1.85 (1.21-2.81)], in children with less-educated mothers [1.50 (1.00-2.27)] and in children who never attended to the dentist [2.48 (1.65-3.72)]. For contextual variables, episodes of cyberbullying in school increased the prevalence of dental anxiety by almost 80% [1.78 (1.14-2.78)]. CONCLUSIONS: The school social environment influences dental anxiety. The results suggest that it is important to establish strategies focused on promoting healthier environments and preventing cyberbullying in order to reduce the occurrence of dental anxiety.


Assuntos
Cyberbullying , Cárie Dentária , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos
6.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2020: 8734946, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410911

RESUMO

Introduction: A careful assessment of dental anxiety is necessary for its management. The Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) is one of the most commonly used questionnaires to measure dental anxiety in the world. The reliability and validity of the Japanese version of MDAS have been demonstrated using undergraduates and a few patients with dental anxiety. The aim of the present study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the MDAS using a wide range of age samples in dental clinics. Methods: A total of 275 outpatients (145 men and 130 women; 21-87 years) from two dental clinics participated in the present study. Dental anxiety was assessed using the Japanese version of the MDAS and the Dental Fear Survey (DFS). The psychometric evaluation included exploratory factor analysis, and Cronbach's α was used to evaluate for internal consistency. Criterion validity was assessed by correlating the MDAS and DFS scores using Spearman's correlation coefficient. validity was evaluated by examining related factors' differences in the MDAS score (e.g., sex and negative dental experiences). Results: Six patients (2.2%) reported high levels of dental anxiety (MDAS score ≥ 19). The internal consistency of the MDAS score was high (Cronbach's α = 0.88). Dental anxiety was significantly higher among women (P=0.007), in patients with previous negative dental experiences (P < 0.001), and among those with lower frequencies of dental visits (P < 0.001). The MDAS score was significant and related to age (r = 0.48) and the DFS score (r = 0.87). Factor analysis revealed all items measured only one construct. Conclusions: The Japanese version of the MDAS score was found to be a reliable and valid measure of dental anxiety among dental outpatients. It could be useful for the Japanese dental practitioner to measure dental anxiety in a clinical setting.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Adulto , Idoso , Assistência Ambulatorial , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/diagnóstico , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Escala de Ansiedade Frente a Teste , Adulto Jovem
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32325972

RESUMO

Objectives: The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to investigate the fear level of kindergarten children in the general population during dental outreach in a familiar kindergarten setting, and to explore the factors associated with the dental fear of kindergarten children. Method: Consecutive sampling method was used to select kindergarten children aged 3 to 5 to participate in a questionnaire survey and an outreach service. A behavioural observation type of instrument for dental fear and anxiety assessment-Frankl Behaviour Rating Scale (FBRS)-was chosen to investigate the fear level of the children. Bivariate analyses between various factors and children's dental fear and anxiety were carried out using Chi-square test. Results: A total of 498 children participated in this study. Almost half (46%) of the children have had caries experience, and the mean dmft score was 2.1 ± 3.4. The prevalence of dental caries was 32%, 43%, and 64% in the 3-, 4- and 5-year-olds, respectively. Only 4% of the children scored negatively for dental fear and anxiety (95% CI 2.3%-5.7%). Children at three years of age displayed more dental fear and anxiety than children of older ages, but the difference in dental fear and anxiety among the genders and caries status was not statistically significant. Most of the children (92%) brushed daily, but only 20% of them used toothpaste. Most (85%) of them had never visited the dentist, and over 70% of them were mainly taken care by their parents. High levels of positive and cooperative behaviour and low levels of fear were found in this population. No statistical significance was found between the child's dental fear and any factors except age. Conclusion: Children generally displayed low fear or anxiety levels in a dental outreach consisting of a non-invasive oral examination and preventive treatment in a familiar kindergarten setting. Conducting regular outreach dental services to kindergartens by providing oral examination and simple remineralisation therapies could be a promising strategy to not only control childhood caries, but also manage and reduce dental fear and encourage long term dental attendance in line with the medical model.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(2): 673-682, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022207

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to describe and analyze history of toothache and associated factors among adolescent students enrolled in public schools of a city in Northeastern Brazil. An observational, descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional study was conducted through the application of 4 questionnaires with 458 adolescents. By bivariate analysis, the prevalence of toothache in life was higher among younger adolescents (76.9%; p = 0.004), who have visited the dentist at least once (74.8%; p = 0.001) and who reported fear (74.9%; p = 0.006). The occurrence of dental pain in the last 6 months was low, where male (77.4%; p = 0,001) and older adolescents (73.1%; p = 0.031) reported no occurrence of pain. Through multivariate analysis, the highest prevalence of dental pain in life remained among younger adolescents (76.9%; p = 0.003) and who reported dental fear (74.9%; p = 0.006). The prevalence of toothache in the last 6 months remained low through multivariate analysis, among male and older adolescents. It could be concluded that the prevalence of toothache in life was higher than in the last 6 months, showing significant association with gender, age, visit to the dentist and dental fear.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 48(3): 248-255, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test a theoretical mediation model and investigate whether drug use and/or dental anxiety act as mediating factors between depression and dental decay experience among prisoners. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a convenience sample of 300 prisoners across three prison establishments in Scotland. Depression and dental anxiety were measured using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale, respectively. Drug use was assessed using three yes (scoring 1)/ no (scoring 0) questions: 'ever taken (illegal) drugs', 'injecting drugs' and 'ever participated in a rehabilitation programme'. Participants had an oral examination to determine dental caries experience (missing [MT] and untreated decay [D3cv T]) in all four quadrants. Latent variable path analysis was conducted to test the mediation model. RESULTS: A total of 342 prisoners participated, of which 298 yielded a complete data set. Depression was associated with missing teeth and untreated decay (D3 T) through an indirect pathway (Total standardized indirect effects = 0.11, P < .01) via drug use and dental anxiety (X2 [71] = 89.8, P = .07; Root Mean Square Error of Approximation: 0.03; Comparative Fit Index: 0.994 and Tucker-Lewis index: 0.992). Twenty-two percent of the variance in untreated decay and missing teeth was explained by both drug use and dental anxiety; however, the strongest predictor was drug use (total standardized direct effects = 0.45, P < .001). CONCLUSION: A relatively simple model to assist understanding dental decay experience of people in prison has been proposed. The data collected were consistent with our specified model. Drug use acted as the primary mediator and dental anxiety as a secondary mediator between depression and dental decay experience. Given the co-morbidity between mental health and drug use and dental decay experience, an integrated or shared approach is proposed. We recommend that future research should concentrate on building a firmer picture by replicating and extending the framework presented.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prisões , Escócia
10.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 78(1): 13-19, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287346

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of dental anxiety, and to explore factors that may increase the risk of reporting dental anxiety among 18-year-old Norwegians in 2016. A further objective was to report changes in dental anxiety since 1996.Material and methods: An anonymous survey from a strategic sample of upper secondary students (n = 351) in 2016 with high response rate (93%) was compared with the results of an investigation of a similar population conducted in 1996.Results: The prevalence of dental anxiety and dental distrust was reduced from 1996 to 2016. Dental Fear Survey (DFS) from 19 to 8% (p < .001), and Dental Belief Survey (DBS) from 15 to 6% (p < .001). Geer Fear Scale (GFS) which measure phobic anxiety did not show a similar reduction (17 versus 15%, p = .37). Phobic anxiety, avoidance behaviour, self-reported poor oral health and previous experiences of pain were all associated with dental anxiety.Conclusion: The prevalence of dental anxiety was reduced from 1996 to 2016, but 8% still report dental anxiety. Proper pain management and use of behavioural management techniques still needs to be highlighted to prevent development of dental anxiety, avoidance behaviour and poor oral health.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Medo , Adolescente , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/etiologia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Humanos , Noruega/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Dor/epidemiologia , Dor/psicologia , Prevalência , Odontologia em Saúde Pública , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(12)2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817931

RESUMO

Invasive dental procedures can be performed only with local anesthesia; in some cases, it may be useful to combine the administration of drugs to obtain anxiolysis with local anesthesia. Sedation required level should be individually adjusted to achieve a proper balance between the needs of the patient, the operator, and the safety of the procedure. Surgical time is an important factor for post-operative phases, and this could be greatly increased by whether the patient interrupts the surgeon or if it is not collaborative. In this manuscript some dentistry-used methods to practice conscious sedation have been evaluated. This manuscript could be a useful reading on the current state of conscious sedation in dentistry and an important starting point for future perspectives. Surely the search for safer drugs for our patients could have beneficial effects for them and for the clinicians.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local/psicologia , Sedação Consciente/métodos , Assistência Odontológica/métodos , Odontologia/normas , Administração Oral , Adulto , Assistência Ambulatorial/psicologia , Assistência Ambulatorial/normas , Anestesia Dentária/tendências , Anestesia Local/efeitos adversos , Anestésicos Inalatórios/administração & dosagem , Ansiolíticos , Benzodiazepinas/administração & dosagem , Benzodiazepinas/farmacocinética , Sistema Nervoso Central/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/tratamento farmacológico , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/prevenção & controle , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Humanos , Óxido Nitroso/administração & dosagem , Duração da Cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Segurança/normas
12.
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc ; 57(2): 82-87, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618562

RESUMO

Background: The dental treatment anxiety affects patient care consultation, regardless of the dental specialty, each with own treatment acts. Objective: To determine the anxiety level of dental treatment of operative dentistry and oral surgery in a hospital of Lima. Methods: The study was conducted in the specialties of operative dentistry and oral surgery, with 72 patients from each specialty, chosen at random over a period of five months, through their answers at Beck Anxiety Inventory. Results: The level of anxiety of patients was similar in the two specialties (p = 0.402). No statistical significant difference was found between anxiety and the patient's sex (p = 0.06), nor with the age of the patient (p = 0.08), nor with the sex of the operator (p = 0.521). The higher frequency of anxiety was the minimum level, 86.1% in operative dentistry and 79.2% in oral surgery. A difference was found between anxiety levels of patients from each specialty (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The frequency of anxiety before entering the specialty was similar, minimum level. Other research is required to determine whether the degree of anxiety is related to the patient's care to dental specialties services.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/diagnóstico , Dentística Operatória/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peru/epidemiologia , Cirurgia Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 77(7): 525-533, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190586

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between sensory processing patterns and dental fear among female undergraduates. Material and methods: Three hundred and ten female university students were included in the present study. Dental fear and sensory processing patterns were measured using the Dental Fear Survey and Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile with other possible confounders, respectively. Sensory processing patterns were categorized into sensory sensitivity, sensory avoidance, low registration and sensation seeking. We conducted structural equation modelling based on the hypothesis that sensory processing directly affects dental fear, including the confounding role of negative experiences with dentistry, autistic traits and the mediating role of trait anxiety. Results: Based on our proposed model, sensory processing patterns, excluding sensation seeking and negative experiences significantly contributed to dental fear (ß = 0.33, p < .001 and ß = 0.32, p < .001, respectively) and autistic traits and trait anxiety did not significantly contribute to dental fear. Conclusions: Extreme sensory processing patterns seem to be associated with a high level of dental fear; thus, the difference in sensory processing might play an important role in the aetiology of dental fear.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Medo , Sensação , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fearful and anxious behaviour is especially common in children, when they come across new situations and experiences. The difference between normal worry and an anxiety disorder is in the severity and in the interference with everyday life and normal developmental steps. Many longitudinal studies in children suggest that anxiety disorders are relatively stable over time and predict anxiety and depressive disorders in adolescence and adulthood. For this reason, the early diagnostic and treatment are needed. Researchers supposed that anxiety is a result of repeated stress. Additionally, some genetic, neurobiological, developmental factors are also involved in the aetiology. METHODS AND SUBJECTS: The aim of this article is to summarize and to present our own results obtained with the assessment and treatment of different forms of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents such as: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Dental anxiety, General Anxiety Disorder (GAD), and Anxious-phobic syndrome. Some results are published separately in different journals. a) Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in 10 young children aged 9 ± 2, 05 y. is evaluated and discussed concerning the attachment quality. b) The group with OCD comprises 20 patients, mean age 14,5 ± 2,2 years, evaluated with Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), Child behaviour Checklist (CBCL), K-SADS (Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School age children), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), SCWT (Stroop Colour Word task), WCST (Wisconsin Card Scoring test). c) Dental stress is evaluated in a group of 50 patients; mean age for girls 11,4 ± 2,4 years; for boys 10,7 ± 2,6 years, evaluated with (General Anxiety Scale (GASC), and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). d) Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) profiles obtained for General Anxiety Disorder in 20 young females and 15 males aged 25,7± 5,35 years, and a group with Panic attack syndrome N=15 aged 19,3±4,9 years are presented and discussed by comparison of the results for healthy people. e) Heart Rate Variability (HRV) was applied for assessment and treatment in 15 anxious-phobic patients, mean age 12, 5±2,25 years and results are compared with other groups of mental disorder. RESULTS: Children with PTSD showed a high level of anxiety and stress, somatization and behavioural problems (aggression, impulsivity, non-obedience and nightmares), complemented by hypersensitive and depressed mothers and misattachment in the early period of infancy. Consequently, the explanation of the early predisposition to PTSD was related to be the non-developed Right Orbital Cortex. The later resulted from insecure attachment confirmed in all examined children. The obtained neuropsychological profile of children with OCD confirmed a clear presence of obsessions and compulsions, average intellectual capacities, but the absence of depressive symptoms. Executive functions were investigated through Event Related Potentials on Go/NoGo tasks. Results showed that no significant clinical manifestations of cognitive dysfunction among children with OCD in the early stage of the disorder are present, but it could be expected to be appearing in the later stage of the disorder if it is no treated. In a study of 50 children randomly selected, two psychometric instruments were applied for measuring general anxiety and personal characteristics. It was confirmed that there was presence of significant anxiety level (evaluated with GASC) among children undergoing dental intervention. The difference in anxiety scores between girls and boys was also confirmed (girls having higher scores for anxiety). Results obtained with EPQ showed low psychopathological traits, moderate extraversion and neuroticism, but accentuated insincerity (L scale). L scales are lower by increasing of age, but P scores rise with age, which can be related to puberty. No correlation was found between personality traits and anxiety except for neuroticism, which is positively correlated with the level of anxiety. The obtained profiles for MMPI-201 in a group of patients with general anxiety are presented as a figure. Females showed only Hy peak, but in the normal range. However, statistics confirmed significant difference between scores in anxiety group and control (t= 2, 25164; p= 0, 038749). Males showed Hs-Hy-Pt peaks with higher (pathological) scores, related to hypersensitivity of the autonomic nervous system, as well as with manifested anxiety. Calculation confirmed significant difference between control and anxiety in men (t= 15.13, p=0.000). Additionally, MMPI profiles for patients with attack panic syndrome are also presented as a figure. Control scales for females showed typical V form (scales 1 and 3) related to conversing tendencies. In addition, females showed peaks on Pt-Sc scales, but in normal ranges. Pathological profile is obtained in males, with Hy-Sc peaks; this profile corresponds to persons with regressive characteristics, emotionally instable and with accentuated social withdraw. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a measure of the beat to beat variability in heart rate, related to the work of autonomic nervous system. It may serve as a psychophysiological indicator for arousal, emotional state and stress level. We used HRV in both, the assessment and biofeedback training, in a group of anxious-phobic and obsessive-compulsive school children. Results obtained with Eysenck Personality Questionnaire showed significantly higher psychopathological traits, higher neuroticism and lower lie scores. After 15 session HRV training very satisfying results for diminishing stress and anxiety were obtained.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Criança , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/terapia , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Epilepsia Pós-Traumática/epidemiologia , Epilepsia Pós-Traumática/psicologia , Epilepsia Pós-Traumática/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroticismo , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/psicologia , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/terapia , Transtornos Fóbicos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Fóbicos/psicologia , Transtornos Fóbicos/terapia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Psicometria , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(4): 1277-1286, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066831

RESUMO

The scope of this study was to assess the association between preoperative pain, anxiety and the impact of the oral condition on the quality of life of patients treated at the Dental Emergency Service at the Federal University of the Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted evaluating data from 240 patient charts aged from 18 to 65 years. Pain was measured by the Heft-Parker Visual Analog Scale; dental anxiety by Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale; and oral health-related quality of life by the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Associations were analyzed using Pearson's Chi-square test (p < 0.05). A statistically significant association was observed between pain and poorer quality of life, with impacts on psychological discomfort (p < 0.001), physical incapacity (p < 0.001) and the psychological (p < 0.001) and social (p < 0.001) domains. Anxiety influenced poorer quality of life, with impacts on the psychological discomfort (p = 0.009), physical disability (p = 0.016), psychological disability (p = 0.011) and social disadvantage (p = 0.028) domains. This study is relevant for the planning of programs and actions aimed at the oral health of patients treated in dental emergency services, prioritizing those with the greatest psychosocial impact arising from oral problems.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Dor/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Clínicas Odontológicas , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
16.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 47(4): 309-315, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941810

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate causal pathways among as well as interrelationships between changes in dental fear and dental attendance in a nationally representative sample of adult Finns aged 19 years or older in 2000, with 11 years of follow-up. METHODS: Data from the Health 2000 and 2011 Surveys (BRIF8901) in Finland were used. The Health 2000 survey used a stratified two-stage cluster sampling design (N=9742). Of the participants in 2000, 7964 were eligible and invited to participate in 2011. Of the participants in 2011 (n=5806), 3,631 (63%) responded to both dental fear and attendance questions in both years. Both fear and attendance were assessed using single questions and dichotomized. The background variables included were age, gender and education. Path analysis and logistic regression models were used. RESULTS: Dental fear led to nonhabitual use of dental services rather than vice versa (-0.07 to 0.04 vs. 0.00). When confounders were considered, in both age groups (29-39 years and 40+ years) an increase in fear predicted nonhabitual dental attendance. This association was stronger among the younger age group (OR = 4.91) than among those aged 40 years and older (OR = 2.88). Among the younger age group, improved dental fear decreased the risk of nonhabitual dental attendance (OR = 0.16), while among older age group, stable fear increased the risk of nonhabitual dental attendance (OR = 2.33). CONCLUSIONS: Dental fear causes nonhabitual dental attendance, and decreasing dental fear increases habitual attendance. Oral health personnel should adapt measures to prevent and treat dental fear.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Visita a Consultório Médico/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
17.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(1)ene.-mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | CUMED | ID: cum-74132

RESUMO

Introdução: A ansiedade é uma condição emocional relacionada a situações desconhecidas comumente associada ao atendimento odontológico. Objetivo: Avaliar os níveis de ansiedade dos pacientes frente ao atendimento odontológico. Métodos: O presente estudo, do tipo transversal analítico, foi realizado com uma amostra de conveniência composta por 300 pacientes oriundos de um centro de referencia em Odontologia da região sul do estado do Ceará - Brasil. Foram coletadas informações sobre idade, sexo, percepção da saúde bucal, dor de dente, experiência pregressa à tratamentos odontológicos e sobre aspectos psicológicos. O status de ansiedade dos pacientes foi avaliado através do instrumento Modified Dental Anxiety Scale. O presente estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa local sob o número de protocolo 1.759.075. Resultados: Dos 300 pacientes selecionados para o estudo, 222 (74,0 porcento) eram do sexo feminino e 78 (26,0 porcento) do masculino, com idade média de 32,7 anos. Em relação à ansiedade, 22,7 porcento (n= 68) dos indivíduos foram considerados ansiosos. Através da análise bivariada verificou-se associação estatisticamente significativa entre o status de ansiedade e os indivíduos do sexo feminino (p= 0,004) e pacientes com histórico de experiências desagradáveis no dentista (p= 0,015). Conclusão: A prevalência de ansiedade é maior nos indivíduos do sexo feminino e experiências odontológicas pregressas desagradáveis ou de sofrimento podem se configurar como um importante fator associado à ansiedade odontológica(AU)


Introducción: La ansiedad es una afección emocional relacionada con las situaciones desconocidas comúnmente asociadas con la atención dental. Objetivo: Evaluar el estado de ansiedad de los pacientes durante el cuidado dental. Métodos: El presente estudio, del tipo transversal analítico, fue realizado con una muestra de conveniencia compuesta por 300 pacientes atendidos en un centro de referencia en Odontología de la región sur del estado Ceará - Brasil. Se recolectó información sobre edad, sexo, percepción de salud bucal, dolor de muelas, tratamientos dentales previos y aspectos psicológicos. El estado de ansiedad se evaluó usando el instrumento Modified Dental Anxiety Scale. El estudio fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación local con el número de protocolo 1.759.075. Resultados: De los 300 pacientes seleccionados para el estudio, 222 (74.0 por ciento) eran mujeres y 78 (26,0 por ciento) eran hombres, con una media de 32,7 años. Con respecto a la ansiedad, el 22,7 por ciento (n= 68) de los pacientes del estudio presentaron ansiedad. El asesoramiento de análisis bivariado mostró una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre el estado de ansiedad y las mujeres (p= 0,004) y pacientes con historial de experiencias desagradables en el dentista (p= 0,015). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de la ansiedad es mayor en las mujeres, y las experiencias odontológicas desagradables previas o el sufrimiento pueden ser un factor importante asociado con la ansiedad dental(AU)


Introduction: Anxiety is an emotional state related to the unfamiliar situations commonly associated with dental care. Objective: Evaluate the anxiety status of patients during dental care. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted of a convenience sample composed of 300 patients attending a dental care reference center in the southern region of the state of Ceará in Brazil. Information was collected about age, sex, perception of oral health, toothache, previous dental treatment and psychological aspects. Anxiety status was evaluated with the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale. The study was approved by the local Research Ethics Committee with protocol number 1.759.075. Results: Of the 300 patients selected for the study, 222 were women (74.0 percent) and 78 were men (26.0 percent); mean age was 32.7 years. Regarding anxiety, 22.7 percent (n= 68) of the patients studied had anxiety symptoms. Bivariate analysis revealed a statistically significant relationship between anxiety and women (p= 0.004) and patients with a history of unpleasant experiences at the dentist (p= 0.015). Conclusions: Prevalence of anxiety is higher among women. Previous unpleasant experiences or suffering at the dentist may be important factors associated to dental anxiety(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais
18.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(1): e1794, ene.-mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003867

RESUMO

Introdução: A ansiedade é uma condição emocional relacionada a situações desconhecidas comumente associada ao atendimento odontológico. Objetivo: Avaliar os níveis de ansiedade dos pacientes frente ao atendimento odontológico. Métodos: O presente estudo, do tipo transversal analítico, foi realizado com uma amostra de conveniência composta por 300 pacientes oriundos de um centro de referencia em Odontologia da região sul do estado do Ceará - Brasil. Foram coletadas informações sobre idade, sexo, percepção da saúde bucal, dor de dente, experiência pregressa à tratamentos odontológicos e sobre aspectos psicológicos. O status de ansiedade dos pacientes foi avaliado através do instrumento Modified Dental Anxiety Scale. O presente estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa local sob o número de protocolo 1.759.075. Resultados: Dos 300 pacientes selecionados para o estudo, 222 (74,0 porcento) eram do sexo feminino e 78 (26,0 porcento) do masculino, com idade média de 32,7 anos. Em relação à ansiedade, 22,7 porcento (n= 68) dos indivíduos foram considerados ansiosos. Através da análise bivariada verificou-se associação estatisticamente significativa entre o status de ansiedade e os indivíduos do sexo feminino (p= 0,004) e pacientes com histórico de experiências desagradáveis no dentista (p= 0,015). Conclusão: A prevalência de ansiedade é maior nos indivíduos do sexo feminino e experiências odontológicas pregressas desagradáveis ou de sofrimento podem se configurar como um importante fator associado à ansiedade odontológica(AU)


Introducción: La ansiedad es una afección emocional relacionada con las situaciones desconocidas comúnmente asociadas con la atención dental. Objetivo: Evaluar el estado de ansiedad de los pacientes durante el cuidado dental. Métodos: El presente estudio, del tipo transversal analítico, fue realizado con una muestra de conveniencia compuesta por 300 pacientes atendidos en un centro de referencia en Odontología de la región sur del estado Ceará - Brasil. Se recolectó información sobre edad, sexo, percepción de salud bucal, dolor de muelas, tratamientos dentales previos y aspectos psicológicos. El estado de ansiedad se evaluó usando el instrumento Modified Dental Anxiety Scale. El estudio fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación local con el número de protocolo 1.759.075. Resultados: De los 300 pacientes seleccionados para el estudio, 222 (74.0 por ciento) eran mujeres y 78 (26,0 por ciento) eran hombres, con una media de 32,7 años. Con respecto a la ansiedad, el 22,7 por ciento (n= 68) de los pacientes del estudio presentaron ansiedad. El asesoramiento de análisis bivariado mostró una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre el estado de ansiedad y las mujeres (p= 0,004) y pacientes con historial de experiencias desagradables en el dentista (p= 0,015). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de la ansiedad es mayor en las mujeres, y las experiencias odontológicas desagradables previas o el sufrimiento pueden ser un factor importante asociado con la ansiedad dental(AU)


Introduction: Anxiety is an emotional state related to the unfamiliar situations commonly associated with dental care. Objective: Evaluate the anxiety status of patients during dental care. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted of a convenience sample composed of 300 patients attending a dental care reference center in the southern region of the state of Ceará in Brazil. Information was collected about age, sex, perception of oral health, toothache, previous dental treatment and psychological aspects. Anxiety status was evaluated with the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale. The study was approved by the local Research Ethics Committee with protocol number 1.759.075. Results: Of the 300 patients selected for the study, 222 were women (74.0 percent) and 78 were men (26.0 percent); mean age was 32.7 years. Regarding anxiety, 22.7 percent (n= 68) of the patients studied had anxiety symptoms. Bivariate analysis revealed a statistically significant relationship between anxiety and women (p= 0.004) and patients with a history of unpleasant experiences at the dentist (p= 0.015). Conclusions: Prevalence of anxiety is higher among women. Previous unpleasant experiences or suffering at the dentist may be important factors associated to dental anxiety(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais
19.
Arch. Health Invest ; 8(3): 145-149, mar. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1006956

RESUMO

Introdução: A ansiedade odontológica interfere nos cuidados com a saúde bucal, causa resistência em ir ao consultório odontológico e dificulta o trabalho do cirurgião-dentista. Objetivo: determinar a prevalência de ansiedade relacionada ao tratamento odontológico em adolescentes, por meio de uma revisão da literatura. Material e método: Revisão da literatura, realizada através da busca ativa de informações na "Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde" (bvsalud.org) nas bases de dados MEDLINE e LILACS, totalizando a produção bibliográfica de um período de 25 anos. Foram adotados os seguintes descritores: "ansiedade ao tratamento odontológico" e "prevalência", de forma integrada. Foram incluídos estudos originais que avaliaram prevalência de ansiedade ao tratamento odontológico, conduzidos com indivíduos entre 10 e 19 anos de idade, com amostra representativa da população estudada. A busca foi limitada a publicações nos idiomas inglês, português ou espanhol; e do tipo artigo científico. A metodologia seguiu as recomendações PRISMA. Resultados: Foram identificados 7 artigos preenchendo os critérios de inclusão. A prevalência de ansiedade relacionada ao tratamento odontológico variou de 6,5 a 25,6% entre adolescentes, distribuídos entre Europa, Ásia e Oceania. Houve também diversidade de instrumentos utilizados para avaliação da ansiedade. Conclusão: A prevalência de ansiedade relacionada ao tratamento odontológico apresentou grande variabilidade entre as pesquisas analisadas, podendo chegar a » dos adolescentes. Observou-se uma carência de estudos de prevalência consistentes nessa faixa etária(AU)


Introduction: Dental anxiety interferes with oral health care, causes resistance to going to the dental office and hinders the work of dentists. Objective: to determine the prevalence of dental anxiety in adolescents, by means of a review of the literature. Material and method: Integrative review of the literature, conducted by active search in the "Virtual Health Library" (bvsalud.org) in the MEDLINE and LILACS databases, retrieving the bibliographic production in a period of 25 years. The following keywords were selected: "dental anxiety" and "prevalence", combined in an integrated manner. Original studies that evaluated the prevalence of dental anxiety were included, conducted in subjects aged between 10 to 19 years, with a representative sample of the studied population. The search was limited to publications in English, Portuguese and Spanish languages and scientific article type. The methodology followed the PRISMA recommendations. Results: Seven articles that fulfilled the inclusion criteria were identified. The prevalence of dental anxiety ranged from 6.5 to 25.6% among adolescents, which varied across the countries Europe, Asia and Oceania. Several instruments were used to evaluate dental anxiety. Conclusion: The prevalence of dental anxiety presented great variability among the analyzed studies, reaching up to 1/4 of the adolescents. There was a lack of consistent prevalence data in this age group(AU)


Introducción: La ansiedad odontológica interfiere en los cuidados con la salud bucal, causa resistencia en ir al consultorio odontológico y dificulta el trabajo del cirujano-dentista. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de ansiedad relacionada al tratamiento odontológico en adolescentes, por medio de una revisión de la literatura. Material y método: Revisión de la literatura, realizada a través de la búsqueda activa de informaciones en "Biblioteca Virtual en Salud" (bvsalud.org) en las bases de datos MEDLINE y LILACS, que totalizan la producción bibliográfica de un período de 25 años. Se adoptaron los siguientes descriptores: "ansiedad al tratamiento odontológico" y "prevalencia", de forma integrada. Se incluyeron estudios originales que evaluaron prevalencia de ansiedad al tratamiento odontológico, conducidos con individuos entre 10 y 19 años de edad, con muestra representativa de la población estudiada. La búsqueda se limitó a las publicaciones en Inglés, portugués y español; del tipo artículo científico. La metodología siguió las recomendaciones PRISMA. Resultados: Se identificaron 7 artículos que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. La prevalencia de ansiedad relacionada al tratamiento odontológico varía de 6,5 a 25,6% entre adolescentes, distribuidos entre Europa, Asia y Oceanía. Varios instrumentos fueron utilizados para evaluar la ansiedad. Conclusión: La prevalencia de ansiedad relacionada al tratamiento odontológico presentó gran variabilidad entre las investigaciones analizadas, pudiendo llegar a » de los adolescentes. Se observó una carencia de datos de prevalencia consistentes en este grupo de edad(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Ansiedade , Saúde Bucal , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia
20.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 77(1): 1-8, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30022701

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of missed dental appointments among 16-19-year-old adolescents in a Swedish county. A second aim was to explore associations between background and concomitant factors and missed appointments and to investigate if these associations differed between areas with different sociodemographic profiles.Materials and methods: A list of booked, and missed, appointments for 10,158 individuals during 2012 was used for assessments. Based on the total sample, 522 cases with, and 522 matched controls without, dental avoidance behavior in 2012 were identified. Data on previous missed and cancelled appointments, oral health status, dental treatment, fear or behavior problems, and medical, and, where available, psychosocial or lifestyle factors were extracted from the dental records using a preset protocol covering the period 2009-2012.Results: In 2012, 13.1% of 23,522 booked appointments were missed, with a higher proportion of missed appointments among boys than girls. Cases with avoidance behavior more often had a record of sociodemographic load and dental fear or behavior management problems. They also had more oral health problems, more invasive dental treatments, and, in the past, more missed and canceled appointments.Conclusion: To enable good oral health and continued regular dental care, we need to pay more attention to adolescents' individual situation and be observant of early signs of avoidance.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Registros Odontológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suécia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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