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1.
Ann Afr Med ; 19(4): 269-273, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33243951

RESUMO

Background: Surgical removal of the impacted third molar is associated with inflammatory morbidities which include swelling, trismus, and pain. Pain is the most common postsurgical morbidity associated with third molar surgery. It remains an important factor in patients' perception of recovery after third molar surgery with dental anxiety reported to exert influence on its threshold. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine if preoperative dental anxiety has any significant role on postoperative pain perception after third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: This was a cohort study involving sixty consecutive adult patients requiring extraction of impacted mandibular third molars under local anesthesia. Modified Dental Anxiety Scale Questionnaire was administered to each participant in the waiting area before the surgery. The visual analog scale was also given to each participant to be completed once daily at approximately the same time as the surgery time until day 7 after the surgery. Data collected were analyzed using SPSS version 23. Results: Sixty participants who consented to third molar surgery took part in this study. Five participants were lost to follow-up. There were slightly more males (50.9%) than females (49.1%). Nineteen participants in this study had moderate dental anxiety (34.5%) and 6 participants (11%) had severe dental anxiety with more females having moderate-to-severe dental anxiety. The correlation between pain perception at different days and dental anxiety was not significant (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Preoperative dental anxiety may not significantly influence pain perception after third molar surgery.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Percepção da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia , Extração Dentária/psicologia , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Trismo/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Edema/complicações , Edema/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/complicações , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Trismo/complicações , Adulto Jovem
2.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 319, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence with regards to the association between both maternal and child dental anxiety and the mother's perception of her child's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). The aim of this study was to investigate the association of maternal and child dental anxiety with COHRQoL and the effect of demographic factors as moderators in this relationship. In addition, the association between child's dental caries experience and the COHRQoL was also assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 1150, 5-6 year-old preschool children in Selangor, Malaysia. Mothers answered a questionnaire on socio-economic status, the Malay-Modified Dental Anxiety Scale to assess maternal dental anxiety, and the Malay-Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale to assess COHRQoL. Child's dental anxiety was assessed using the Malay-Modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale via a face-to-face interview prior to oral examination to assess dental caries. Data were analysed using structural equation modelling to assess the relationship between maternal and child dental anxiety and COHRQoL. RESULTS: Overall, complete data on 842 mother-child dyads were analysed. The mean scores of total ECOHIS, the child impacts section (CIS), and the family impacts section (FIS) were 17.7 (SD = 4.9), 12.6 (SD = 3.7), and 5.1 (SD = 1.9), respectively. The mean dental anxiety scores for mothers and children were 11.8 (SD = 4.5) and 16.9 (SD = 4.3), respectively. Maternal dental anxiety was associated with the CIS (b = 0.08, p < 0.001), the FIS (b = 0.01, p = 0.001), and the total ECOHIS (b = 0.14, p < 0.001). Maternal education level, income, urban/rural location, and kindergarten type were moderators to the relationship. In addition, there was also a significant relationship between child's dental caries experience and COHRQoL (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Maternal dental anxiety and child's dental caries experience have significantly impacted the COHRQoL, the CIS, and the FIS domains. Demographic factors such as maternal education, income, urban/rural location, and kindergarten type acted as moderators that can strengthen or weaken the relationship between maternal dental anxiety and COHRQoL of 5-6-year-old preschool children.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Malásia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Rev. ADM ; 77(3): 124-128, mayo-jun. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128055

RESUMO

En los últimos meses la población del mundo ha estado sometida por la pandemia de COVID-19 a un reto emocional causado por el riesgo de pérdida de la salud (incluida la muerte) y del riesgo real o potencial de la alteración de la estabilidad socioeconómica personal y global. Por otro lado, los individuos reciben diariamente información de diversa valía en relación a veracidad y oportunismo, lo que los expone a incertidumbre respecto a la toma de decisiones relacionadas con el bienestar o asociadas con aspectos laborales y productivos. Debe observarse que esto está sucediendo con: pacientes, empleados, proveedores y profesionistas en el modelo odontológico. El miedo es la respuesta prevalente que induce este conjunto de estímulos amenazantes, en el que de manera secundaria se manifiestan otros estados emocionales, sentimentales y de conducta. Contrarrestar el miedo en todos los actores del concepto práctica dental debería ser la estrategia en la recuperación de la actividad odontológica en esta nueva realidad, siendo la palabra clave, seguridad; misma que no debe estar representada exclusivamente por la implantación de medidas sanitarias, también de manera muy principal por la comunicación y la estimulación positiva de emociones y sentimientos que alcancen la mente afectiva no sólo de los pacientes, sino también de los miembros del grupo de trabajo ­mente inconsciente­(AU)


In recent months the world's population has been exposed by the pandemic advent of COVID-19 to an emotional challenge caused by the risk of health disturbance, death encompassed, and the real or latent risk of disruption of personal and global socioeconomic steadiness. Individuals on the other hand, receive day-to-day information of varying connotation in relation to truthfulness and opportunism, exposing them to decision-making uncertainty regarding welfare, as well employment and productive subjects. At the dental scheme, this is happening with: patients, employees, providers and professionals themselves. The widespread reaction that brings this myriad of threatening stimuli is fear, where other emotional, sentimental and behavioral expressions, secondarily occur. In this new reality, disparate the fear in all and any participant of the dental practice concept should be the strategy applied for dental activity recovering; being the key word, safety. Concept that should not be represented exclusively by the implementation of sanitary actions and warnings, but in a conspicuous manner by communication of this safety concept and the induction of positive stimuli by means of emotions and feelings that could reach the affective mind of patients, and the working group ­unconscious mind­ (AU)


Assuntos
Pacientes/psicologia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Medo , Pandemias , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inconsciente Psicológico , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Fatores de Risco , Assistência Odontológica/normas , Recursos Humanos em Odontologia/normas , Emoções
4.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190601, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401941

RESUMO

Objective The aim of this study was to compare the effects of music at 432 Hz, 440 Hz, and no music on the clinical perception of anxiety and salivary cortisol levels in patients undergoing tooth extraction. Methodology A parallel-group randomized clinical trial was conducted. Forty-two patients (average age: 23.8±7.8 years, 27 women) with a moderate level of anxiety were distributed in three groups: use of music for 15 minutes at a frequency of 432 Hz (n=15), at 440 Hz (n=15) and a control group without music (n=12). The CORAH Dental Anxiety Scale and salivary cortisol levels, estimated by the solid phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), were measured and compared before and after the music intervention between groups (two-way ANOVA-Tukey p<0.05, RStudio). Results Significantly lower anxiety level values were observed at 432 Hz (8.7±2.67) and 440 Hz (8.4±2.84) compared to the control group (17.2±4.60; p<0.05). The salivary cortisol level at 432 Hz (0.49±0.37 µg/dL) was significantly lower than 440 Hz (1.35±0.69 µg/dL) and the control group (1.59±0.7 µg/dL; p<0.05). Conclusion The use of music significantly decreased clinical anxiety levels, and the frequency of 432 Hz was effective in decreasing salivary cortisol levels before tooth extraction.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/terapia , Hidrocortisona/análise , Musicoterapia/métodos , Música/psicologia , Saliva/química , Extração Dentária/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(1): 9-12, abr. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114885

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La ansiedad dental impacta profundamente en la salud oral de un paciente, determinando el pronóstico y adherencia a tratamiento, sin embargo, existe poca información de instrumentos validados que evalúen este constructo. El OBJETIVO de este estudio es evaluar las propiedades psicométricas del Dental Anxiety Scale versión en español en adultos en servicios de atención primaria de la Región Metropolitana, Chile. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Estudio transversal descriptivo aplicado a 169 adultos acompañantes de un servicio de atención primaria. La validez de contenido se determinó con metodología Delphi, la validez de constructo a través del análisis factorial confirmatorio y la confiabilidad a través de análisis de consistencia interna mediante Alfa de Cronbach. RESULTADOS: El juicio de expertos no modificó la versión en español. El análisis factorial confirmó la presencia de un solo factor, el cual explicó el 65,44% de la varianza, mientras que la confiabilidad arrojó un alfa de Cronbach de 0,822, considerado bueno. DISCUSIÓN: El Dental Anxiety Scale presentó una adecuada validez de contenido, validez de constructo y buena confiabilidad. Se recomienda su uso para la medición de ansiedad dental en adultos que acuden a servicios de atención primaria en la Región Metropolitana.


INTRODUCTION: Dental anxiety can strongly affect oral health, modifying the prognosis and treatment's adherence. The level of dental anxiety has to be considered when proposing a treatment plan. The AIM of this study is to measure the psychometric properties of the Dental Anxiety Scale in the Spanish version, applied to adults in primary health institutions of the Metropolitan Region, Chile METHODS: 169 adults were recruited. To determine content validity, the Delphi method was used; the confirmatory factor analysis was used to demonstrate the construct validity. Reliability was measured in terms of internal consistency with the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. RESULTS: The experts did not modify the Spanish version of DAS. The factorial analysis confirmed that there was a single factor that accounted for 65,44% of variance. A 0,882 Cronbach's alfa is considered as good reliability. CONCLUSION: Dental Anxiety Scale presents an appropriate construct and content validity, and a good reliability. It is a proper instrument to be used in adults in primary health care centers in the Metropolitan Region.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/diagnóstico , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Psicometria , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Chile , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise Fatorial , Técnica Delfos
6.
Qual Life Res ; 29(9): 2455-2464, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307626

RESUMO

PURPOSE: It is not clear which factors hold more weight in predicting oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Therefore, this study explored which component of factors (e.g., socio-economic status, clinical status or oral health behaviors, dental anxiety, oral health knowledge) has a better predictive value in different aspects (e.g., oral symptoms, functional limitations, social and emotional conditions) of adolescents' OHRQoL. METHODS: Participants were randomly selected from Grade Two (S2) students within 12 secondary schools in Hong Kong. The independent variables include the following : socio-economic (monthly family income, parents' educational background), oral health behaviors (the frequency of brushing and having snacks like chocolate or biscuits), and oral health-related factors (oral health knowledge, dental anxiety, dental caries and bleeding index). Adolescents' OHRQoL was evaluated using the 16-item Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ11-14-ISF:16). Frequencies and means were used for data description. Different variables were analyzed as predictors of OHRQoL by multi-level linear regression analysis. RESULTS: 1207 adolescents (46.6% females) participated in this study. The mean total CPQ11-14-ISF:16 was 14.2 (9.8). Mean scores of oral symptoms, functional limitations, and emotional and social well-being were 4.4 (2.8), 4.2 (2.8), 3.2 (3.1), and 2.4 (2.7), respectively. In the final model, adolescents with poorer oral health knowledge, higher dental anxiety levels, brushed their teeth less than once a day and consumed chocolates or biscuits more regularly as reported by a statistically worse OHRQoL (p < 0.05). In addition, gingival bleeding was a predictor of the oral symptom domain (ß = 0.7, p = 0.027); the emotional well-being of adolescents whose father went to college had a better OHRQoL (ß = - 0.9, p = 0.014) and adolescents from the higher-income family had a statistically better social well-being (p = 0.015). CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that adolescents with poorer oral health knowledge, higher dental anxiety levels, brushing their teeth less than once a day, or having a daily consumption of chocolate or biscuits had statistically worse OHRQoL. These findings can provide guidance for future oral health promotion in improving OHRQoL among adolescents.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde/fisiologia , Saúde Bucal/normas , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Classe Social , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 75, 2020 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) affects millions of children up to 6 years old. Its treatment positively impacts the quality of life of children and their families. However, there is no consensus on how to treat ECC. Thus, we performed a scoping review to identify the recommended procedures for the management of ECC lesions. METHODS: A search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, The Cochrane Library, The International Guideline Library and pediatric dentistry associations around the world were contacted by email for unpublished search documents. ECC guidelines/guidance/policies were considered eligible regardless of language and publication date. RESULTS: From a total of 828 references, 52 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility and 22 included in the scoping review. We found different procedures recommendations for the management of ECC lesions. For incipient lesions, minimally invasive methods such as professional fluoride and cariostatic (silver diamine) applications, as well as surveillance were recommended. If restoration was required, the recommended materials were glass ionomer cement, composite resin, amalgam and stainless-steel crown. Interim restorations and Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) were also recommended. Extractions have been suggested for teeth with lesions with pulpal involvement, depending on the child's behaviour and other clinical conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Non-operative procedures, restorative and extraction were recommended for the management of ECC, depending on the extent of the lesions. There is no difference between different management guidelines/guidance/policies for ECC lesions.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
8.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 78(1): 13-19, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287346

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of dental anxiety, and to explore factors that may increase the risk of reporting dental anxiety among 18-year-old Norwegians in 2016. A further objective was to report changes in dental anxiety since 1996.Material and methods: An anonymous survey from a strategic sample of upper secondary students (n = 351) in 2016 with high response rate (93%) was compared with the results of an investigation of a similar population conducted in 1996.Results: The prevalence of dental anxiety and dental distrust was reduced from 1996 to 2016. Dental Fear Survey (DFS) from 19 to 8% (p < .001), and Dental Belief Survey (DBS) from 15 to 6% (p < .001). Geer Fear Scale (GFS) which measure phobic anxiety did not show a similar reduction (17 versus 15%, p = .37). Phobic anxiety, avoidance behaviour, self-reported poor oral health and previous experiences of pain were all associated with dental anxiety.Conclusion: The prevalence of dental anxiety was reduced from 1996 to 2016, but 8% still report dental anxiety. Proper pain management and use of behavioural management techniques still needs to be highlighted to prevent development of dental anxiety, avoidance behaviour and poor oral health.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Medo , Adolescente , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/etiologia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Humanos , Noruega/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Dor/epidemiologia , Dor/psicologia , Prevalência , Odontologia em Saúde Pública , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 29(6): 719-726, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741642

RESUMO

Background: Dental anxiety and fear make the dental operation and the treatment difficult. Beside that it causes the delays or absence in the dental appointments so it leads to problems for oral and dental health. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of dental anxiety, the factors affecting dental anxiety and the effects of dental anxiety on oral dental health of the participants. Methodology: We conducted a hospital-based, cross-sectional study among 342 patients attending the outpatient clinic of a tertiary dentistry hospital. Dental anxiety and trait anxiety levels of the participants measured using MDAS and STAI scales. We conducted the student t-test, One-way Anova and Tukey's post hoc for the analysis of our data. The Pearson's correlation analysis has been used for the analysis of two different quantitative data obtain from MDAS and STAI scales. Results: The age average of 342 participant of our research was 34,41±11,78. 59,1% of our participants was women. (n=202) Dental anxiety was existing in the 42,1% of the participants (n=144). 56,4% of the participants have had a hard and painful dental treatment experiences. 15,2% of our participants (n=52) had MDAS 19 point or more. Conclusions: High and statistically significant dental anxiety scores have been detected for the patients who are women, housewives, who had uneasy and painful dental treatment stories, who have personel inclinations to the anxiety. Examinations directed to the factors which would increase the dental anxiety, may prevent possible complications and also the risk carried by the patients related to the dental health may be estimated with the help of this kind of examinations.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Clínicas Odontológicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Medo/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/psicologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(10)2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597328

RESUMO

Dentistry and oral health are at the heart of the systemic health of humans. Often this branch of medicine is underestimated either due to socioeconomic reasons or due to fear. In fact, in dentistry, there is often a widespread condition of odontophobia among patients. A clinician's knowledge of this condition, and an accompanying understanding of how to successfully manage it, is surely one of the first steps to gaining a patient's trust and maintaining his or her patronage. Being able to manage a dental phobic patient in the best way is the key to successful therapy. Psychological techniques often have to work alongside dentistry in managing these patients. A future perspective concerns precisely the implementation of non-invasive practices such as hypnosis in the management of the latter.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/complicações , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica/métodos , Medo/psicologia , Humanos , Psicologia
11.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(3): e2024, jul.-set. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093240

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: La ansiedad al tratamiento estomatológico puede ser obtenida haciendo uso de instrumentos de evaluación para obtener medidas objetivas, eliminando el componente subjetivo del evaluador. Objetivo: Caracterizar los instrumentos de evaluación para ansiedad al tratamiento estomatológico en adultos. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre instrumentos de evaluación para ansiedad al tratamiento estomatológico, considerando la bibliografía publicada en Google académico, SciELO y Medline. Se obtuvo como resultado final un total de 44 artículos en el período revisado, 40 de ellos en revistas internacionales, 1 publicación de la Organización Mundial de la Salud y 3 libros. Análisis e integración de la información: Se obtuvieron un total de 6 instrumentos con protagnismo en la literatura científica. Estos se caracterizaron por tener como objetivo fundamental diagnosticar y clasificar al sujeto ansioso enmarcándolo en una categoría determinada, presentándose fundamentalmente en escalas e inventarios, originarios del idioma inglés. El Modifield Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) constituye el instrumento de evaluación más utilizado en investigaciones y en la práctica clínica. No son reportados instrumentos diseñados por investigadores en países hispanohablantes, sino validaciones al idioma español de los ya existentes quedando poco representado este fenómeno psicológico en poblaciones hispanohablantes considerándose deprimido el desarrollo de la evaluación psicológica en el ámbito estomatológico. Conclusiones: Los instrumentos de evaluación son muy poco validados al idioma y contexto cultural de países hispanohablantes, por lo que está limitado su uso en poblaciones de este continente, a excepción de la población mexicana(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Dental anxiety may be measured with evaluation instruments to obtain objective values, not biased by the evaluator's subjectivity. Objective: Characterize the evaluation instruments used to measure dental anxiety in adults. Methods: A bibliographic review was conducted in Google Scholar, SciELO and Medline of materials about evaluation instruments used to measure dental anxiety. A total 44 publications were obtained from the period reviewed: 40 papers published in international journals, 1 World Health Organization publication and 3 books. Data analysis and integration: A total 6 leading instruments were found in the scientific literature reviewed. These were characterized by pursuing the fundamental goal of diagnosing and classifying anxious subjects by placing them in a given category, mainly according to scales and inventories originally written in English. The Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) is the evaluation instrument most commonly used by researchers and in clinical practice. Reports were not found of instruments designed by researchers from Spanish-speaking countries, but only assessments in Spanish of the already existing ones. In other words, Spanish-speaking populations are scarcely represented in terms of the psychological phenomenon under study, which points to reduced development of psychological evaluation in dental practice. Conclusions: Evaluation instruments are scarcely validated in the Spanish language and in Spanish-speaking cultural contexts. Therefore, their use is limited in populations from this continent, with the exception of the Mexican population(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Equipamentos e Provisões
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fearful and anxious behaviour is especially common in children, when they come across new situations and experiences. The difference between normal worry and an anxiety disorder is in the severity and in the interference with everyday life and normal developmental steps. Many longitudinal studies in children suggest that anxiety disorders are relatively stable over time and predict anxiety and depressive disorders in adolescence and adulthood. For this reason, the early diagnostic and treatment are needed. Researchers supposed that anxiety is a result of repeated stress. Additionally, some genetic, neurobiological, developmental factors are also involved in the aetiology. METHODS AND SUBJECTS: The aim of this article is to summarize and to present our own results obtained with the assessment and treatment of different forms of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents such as: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Dental anxiety, General Anxiety Disorder (GAD), and Anxious-phobic syndrome. Some results are published separately in different journals. a) Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in 10 young children aged 9 ± 2, 05 y. is evaluated and discussed concerning the attachment quality. b) The group with OCD comprises 20 patients, mean age 14,5 ± 2,2 years, evaluated with Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), Child behaviour Checklist (CBCL), K-SADS (Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School age children), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), SCWT (Stroop Colour Word task), WCST (Wisconsin Card Scoring test). c) Dental stress is evaluated in a group of 50 patients; mean age for girls 11,4 ± 2,4 years; for boys 10,7 ± 2,6 years, evaluated with (General Anxiety Scale (GASC), and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). d) Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) profiles obtained for General Anxiety Disorder in 20 young females and 15 males aged 25,7± 5,35 years, and a group with Panic attack syndrome N=15 aged 19,3±4,9 years are presented and discussed by comparison of the results for healthy people. e) Heart Rate Variability (HRV) was applied for assessment and treatment in 15 anxious-phobic patients, mean age 12, 5±2,25 years and results are compared with other groups of mental disorder. RESULTS: Children with PTSD showed a high level of anxiety and stress, somatization and behavioural problems (aggression, impulsivity, non-obedience and nightmares), complemented by hypersensitive and depressed mothers and misattachment in the early period of infancy. Consequently, the explanation of the early predisposition to PTSD was related to be the non-developed Right Orbital Cortex. The later resulted from insecure attachment confirmed in all examined children. The obtained neuropsychological profile of children with OCD confirmed a clear presence of obsessions and compulsions, average intellectual capacities, but the absence of depressive symptoms. Executive functions were investigated through Event Related Potentials on Go/NoGo tasks. Results showed that no significant clinical manifestations of cognitive dysfunction among children with OCD in the early stage of the disorder are present, but it could be expected to be appearing in the later stage of the disorder if it is no treated. In a study of 50 children randomly selected, two psychometric instruments were applied for measuring general anxiety and personal characteristics. It was confirmed that there was presence of significant anxiety level (evaluated with GASC) among children undergoing dental intervention. The difference in anxiety scores between girls and boys was also confirmed (girls having higher scores for anxiety). Results obtained with EPQ showed low psychopathological traits, moderate extraversion and neuroticism, but accentuated insincerity (L scale). L scales are lower by increasing of age, but P scores rise with age, which can be related to puberty. No correlation was found between personality traits and anxiety except for neuroticism, which is positively correlated with the level of anxiety. The obtained profiles for MMPI-201 in a group of patients with general anxiety are presented as a figure. Females showed only Hy peak, but in the normal range. However, statistics confirmed significant difference between scores in anxiety group and control (t= 2, 25164; p= 0, 038749). Males showed Hs-Hy-Pt peaks with higher (pathological) scores, related to hypersensitivity of the autonomic nervous system, as well as with manifested anxiety. Calculation confirmed significant difference between control and anxiety in men (t= 15.13, p=0.000). Additionally, MMPI profiles for patients with attack panic syndrome are also presented as a figure. Control scales for females showed typical V form (scales 1 and 3) related to conversing tendencies. In addition, females showed peaks on Pt-Sc scales, but in normal ranges. Pathological profile is obtained in males, with Hy-Sc peaks; this profile corresponds to persons with regressive characteristics, emotionally instable and with accentuated social withdraw. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a measure of the beat to beat variability in heart rate, related to the work of autonomic nervous system. It may serve as a psychophysiological indicator for arousal, emotional state and stress level. We used HRV in both, the assessment and biofeedback training, in a group of anxious-phobic and obsessive-compulsive school children. Results obtained with Eysenck Personality Questionnaire showed significantly higher psychopathological traits, higher neuroticism and lower lie scores. After 15 session HRV training very satisfying results for diminishing stress and anxiety were obtained.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Criança , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/terapia , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Epilepsia Pós-Traumática/epidemiologia , Epilepsia Pós-Traumática/psicologia , Epilepsia Pós-Traumática/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroticismo , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/psicologia , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/terapia , Transtornos Fóbicos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Fóbicos/psicologia , Transtornos Fóbicos/terapia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Psicometria , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 14(6): e0217740, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158253

RESUMO

Despite the high success rates of preformed metal crowns (PMCs) in children no randomized clinical trials compare methods of placement and none describe its use in Africa. Our aim was to compare survival and cost-effectiveness of PMCs placed by conventional techniques (CT) and biological Hall techniques (HT) using a prospective randomized control trial in a general dental practice from Khartoum. One hundred and nine and 103 PMCs were placed in randomly selected children (5-8years) with 1-2 carious primary molars using HT and CT respectively and followed for 2 years. Socioeconomic status, periodontal health, occlusion, anxiety, and procedure time were compared using student t-test. Kaplan-Meier survival rates and incremental cost effectiveness ratio (ICER) were compared between CT and HT. CT and HT groups were similar for age, gender, socio-economic status. Survival rates were high (over 90%) for both study arms and not statistically different (p>0.05). Anxiety scores were significantly higher in CT arm after 12 months compared to HT (p<0.001). Clinically, gingival and plaque indices were similar between groups (p>0.05) but occlusions were raised in nearly all subjects in the HT arm (p<0.05). Periodontal health improved, and occlusions adjusted over time in both arms. There were 3 (2.7%) and 6 (5.8%) minor failures, 7 (6.4%) and 6 (5.8%) major failures in HT and CT arms respectively. Mean procedure time was lower in HT (9.1 min) than CT (33.9 min); p<0.001. Mean PMC cost was US$2.45 and US$7.81 for HT and CT respectively. The ICER was US$136.56 more for each PMC placed by CT per life year. We show that PMCs have high survival outcomes in disadvantaged populations similar to results from developed countries. As HT can be carried out by less experienced dental operators and therapists, this biological approach provides a promising cost-effective option to manage caries in developing countries with limited resources. Trial registration: The trial is registered at clinicaltrials.gov. ClinicalTrial.gov Trial Registration: NCT03640013.


Assuntos
Coroas , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Metais/química , Criança , Análise Custo-Benefício , Coroas/economia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino
14.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 77(7): 525-533, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190586

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between sensory processing patterns and dental fear among female undergraduates. Material and methods: Three hundred and ten female university students were included in the present study. Dental fear and sensory processing patterns were measured using the Dental Fear Survey and Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile with other possible confounders, respectively. Sensory processing patterns were categorized into sensory sensitivity, sensory avoidance, low registration and sensation seeking. We conducted structural equation modelling based on the hypothesis that sensory processing directly affects dental fear, including the confounding role of negative experiences with dentistry, autistic traits and the mediating role of trait anxiety. Results: Based on our proposed model, sensory processing patterns, excluding sensation seeking and negative experiences significantly contributed to dental fear (ß = 0.33, p < .001 and ß = 0.32, p < .001, respectively) and autistic traits and trait anxiety did not significantly contribute to dental fear. Conclusions: Extreme sensory processing patterns seem to be associated with a high level of dental fear; thus, the difference in sensory processing might play an important role in the aetiology of dental fear.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Medo , Sensação , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
15.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 47(4): 309-315, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941810

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate causal pathways among as well as interrelationships between changes in dental fear and dental attendance in a nationally representative sample of adult Finns aged 19 years or older in 2000, with 11 years of follow-up. METHODS: Data from the Health 2000 and 2011 Surveys (BRIF8901) in Finland were used. The Health 2000 survey used a stratified two-stage cluster sampling design (N=9742). Of the participants in 2000, 7964 were eligible and invited to participate in 2011. Of the participants in 2011 (n=5806), 3,631 (63%) responded to both dental fear and attendance questions in both years. Both fear and attendance were assessed using single questions and dichotomized. The background variables included were age, gender and education. Path analysis and logistic regression models were used. RESULTS: Dental fear led to nonhabitual use of dental services rather than vice versa (-0.07 to 0.04 vs. 0.00). When confounders were considered, in both age groups (29-39 years and 40+ years) an increase in fear predicted nonhabitual dental attendance. This association was stronger among the younger age group (OR = 4.91) than among those aged 40 years and older (OR = 2.88). Among the younger age group, improved dental fear decreased the risk of nonhabitual dental attendance (OR = 0.16), while among older age group, stable fear increased the risk of nonhabitual dental attendance (OR = 2.33). CONCLUSIONS: Dental fear causes nonhabitual dental attendance, and decreasing dental fear increases habitual attendance. Oral health personnel should adapt measures to prevent and treat dental fear.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Visita a Consultório Médico/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
17.
Cient. dent. (Ed. impr.) ; 16(1): 59-66, ene.-abr. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183383

RESUMO

La ansiedad dental es un problema muy común en la actualidad, que afecta tanto a niños como a adultos. Su presencia puede desencadenar importantes conflictos a la hora de realizar el tratamiento odontológico por la aparición de conductas o comportamientos inadecuados. Diversos factores pueden contribuir a su desencadenamiento o a su acentuación, por lo que su conocimiento previo podría minimizar las posibles consecuencias adversas. El objetivo de este trabajo es dar a conocer los factores que pueden influir en la instauración de la ansiedad dental en el paciente infantil. Aunque no existen resultados concluyentes, encontramos que los factores psicológicos (influencia de padres y amigos, personalidad del paciente, sexo, experiencias anteriores...) influyen de una manera más importante en la aparición de la ansiedad dental. Los factores físicos/ ambientales (decoración de la consulta, vestuario del profesional, instrumental, nivel socioeconómico...) pueden también favorecer, en determinadas ocasiones, temores en el gabinete odontológico. Por ello, se recomienda la realización de más estudios que permitan llegar a resultados más confiables con el fin de disminuir los factores causantes de la ansiedad y miedo dental en los pacientes infantiles


Dental anxiety is a very common problem today, affecting both children and adults. The presence of this type of emotions can trigger important conflicts when performing dental treatment due to the occurrence of inappropriate behaviors. Several factors may contribute to trigger or increase anxiety, so that prior knowledge could minimize the possible adverse consequences. The objective of this review is to present the factors that may influence the dental anxiety in children. Although no conclusive results have been obtained, it was found that psychological factors (parents and friends influence, patient personality, gender, previous experiences ...) have more influence in the origin of dental anxiety. The physical/ environmental factors (decoration of the dental office, clothes or uniform, dental instrumental, socioeconomic level...) can also favor, in certain occasions, to increase fears at the dental visit. Therefore, it is recommended that more studies be carried out in order to achieve more reliable results in order to reduce the factors that cause dental anxiety and fear in young patients


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Fatores Desencadeantes , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Etários
18.
Eur J Oral Sci ; 127(2): 147-155, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30724404

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between temperament characteristics of preschool children, dental anxiety, and their dental behaviour. A total of 100 children, aged 3-5 yr, who were attending their initial dental visit accompanied by a parent, were included in this cross-sectional study. Dental anxiety of children was measured using the Facial Image Scale. The behaviour of children during the initial oral examination and oral prophylaxis was assessed using Frankl's behaviour rating scale. Temperament was assessed using Emotionality, Activity, Shyness Temperament Survey for Children (parental ratings). Statistically significant weak linear positive correlations were seen between the following: the percentage duration of definitely negative behaviour and shyness scores (rs  = 0.28); anxiety level and emotionality scores (rs  = 0.28); and anxiety level and shyness scores (rs  = 0.26). Multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that children with higher anxiety had higher odds of showing definitely negative behaviour, which decreased with increasing age of the child. Emotionality and shyness temperaments may be weakly associated with dental anxiety, and shyness may be weakly associated with the dental behaviour of the preschool child. Definitely negative dental behaviour is associated with dental anxiety and age of the child.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/estatística & dados numéricos , Temperamento , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/diagnóstico , Consultórios Odontológicos , Emoções , Humanos , Índia , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pais , Timidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4655, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-998268

RESUMO

Objective: To know the influence of handling child anxiety with modeling and reinforcement technique on changes in pulse rate in dental and oral care. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of 53 children aged 6-12 years who first came to pedodontic clinic in dental and oral hospital education of Hasanuddin University. Anxiety level was measured using objective parameters, measurement of radial pulse. Measurement of anxiety level was done before and after modeling and reinforcement was given through three treatments: I: dental models; II: game and III: video modeling and reinforcement. Data analysis was done using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and Friedman test. Results: There was a decrease before and after modeling and reinforcement. Before intervention, the average pulse rates in treatment I, II and III were 90.79, 88.00 and 88.38, respectively. After intervention, the average decrease in pulse rate of five beats per minute seen in the first treatment (85.15), a decrease of seven beats per minute on the second treatment (81.98), while in treatment III the average decrease was eight beats per minute (80.19) (p<0.001). Conclusion: Modeling and reinforcement technique effectively reduces children's anxiety levels for dental and oral care.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Ansiedade/psicologia , Comportamento e Mecanismos Comportamentais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Indonésia
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4649, 01 Fevereiro 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-997887

RESUMO

In 1895, the first definition of behavior management was mentioned by McElroy with the following words: "although the operative dentistry may be perfect, the appointment is a failure if the child departs in tears" [1]. This approach, which argues that the success of dental treatment in pediatric patients depends on the attitude created in children rather than in the technical or clinical evaluation, was supported by the following words in American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD)'s guideline about 100 years later: "Behavior guidance techniques, both nonpharmalogical and pharmalogical, are used to alleviate anxiety, nurture a positive dental attitude, and perform quality oral health care safely and efficiently for infants, children, adolescents, and persons with special health care needs" [2]. The terms of behavior management, which is the global term of choice, or behavior guidance which is now used by AAPD are widely used in dental literature.


Assuntos
Higiene Bucal/métodos , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Saúde Bucal/educação , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Odontopediatria
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