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1.
Cancer Cytopathol ; 128(10): 679-680, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006815
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22382, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mammography is considered a fundamental part of diagnosis in modern health care services. It provides low dose images of normal structures and pathological soft tissues in the breast. Many reports suggested that intervention is playing a positive role in anxiety related to mammography, but there is no high-quality evidence to prove its effects. This paper reports the protocol of a systematic review (SR) and meta-analysis (MA) to clarify effectiveness of intervention during screening mammography. METHODS: A systematic literature search will be performed in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase and Web of Science from inception to July 2020. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) will be included to evaluate any interventions in the treatment of anxiety related to mammography screening. The main outcome measure is the impact on patient anxiety, and the impact on patient breast cancer worry, the impact on patient satisfaction are the additional outcome measure. Risk of bias assessment of the included RCTs will be carried out using Cochrane Collaboration's tool for RCTs. The Review Manager 5.4 for Windows will be used to perform the MA and generate the result figures. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) will be used to evaluate the quality of evidence. Subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis will be conducted to assess the robustness of the results. RESULTS: A total of 782 English studies of anxiety related to mammography screening were obtained through search. After preliminary screening, 773 non-conforming studies were excluded. Finally, nine English studies of anxiety related to mammography screening will be included for full-text assessment. We will submit the results of this SR and MA to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. CONCLUSIONS: This study will provide reliable evidence for intervention for reducing anxiety in women receiving screening mammography. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202070131.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Mamografia , Programas de Rastreamento , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031994

RESUMO

As the infected cases of COVID-19 reach more than 20 million with more than 778,000 deaths globally, an increase in psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression has been reported. Scientists globally have been searching for novel therapies and vaccines to fight against COVID-19. Improving innate immunity has been suggested to block progression of COVID-19 at early stages, while omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have been shown to have immunomodulation effects. Moreover, n-3 PUFAs have also been shown to improve mood disorders, thus, future research is warranted to test if n-3 PUFAs may have the potential to improve our immunity to counteract both physical and mental impact of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/administração & dosagem , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Ansiedade/imunologia , Ansiedade/metabolismo , Ansiedade/virologia , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Citocinas/biossíntese , Citocinas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/virologia , Depressão/imunologia , Depressão/metabolismo , Depressão/virologia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/imunologia , Células Epiteliais/virologia , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/imunologia , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores Imunológicos/imunologia , Fatores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos/imunologia , Linfócitos/virologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/virologia
6.
Cancer Cytopathol ; 128(9): 597-598, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885911
7.
Soins Gerontol ; 25(145): 40-45, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988487

RESUMO

A significant proportion of elderly people suffering from neurodegenerative pathologies are cared for by an informal caregiver. From the earliest stages of the disease, the psychological and behavioural disorders of patients constitute stress and anxiety factors for their caregivers. Mindfulness meditation has proven its usefulness in the management of anxiety. A study proposes caregiver management based on a mindfulness meditation program.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Meditação/psicologia , Atenção Plena , Idoso , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22314, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a kind of emotional disorder caused by acute conditions or trigger. It is manifested in the components of the autonomic nervous system, for instance, stress, anxiety, nervosity, and discomfort. Most patients with anxiety are more active, nervous, and alert to various stimuli. Inappropriate management of early postoperative anxiety will not only prolong recovery but also increase the risk of other complications. We conduct a randomized clinical trial to investigate the influences of nursing visits against the preoperative anxiety and postoperative complications in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: This is a single center, placebo-controlled randomized trial, which will be performed from August 2020 to December 2020. The trial is performed in accordance with the SPIRIT Checklist for randomized studies. It is authorized by the Ethics Committee of Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province (D20211-34). Two hundred patients undergoing LC will be included in this study. Patients are randomly divided into 2 groups: experiential group (n = 100) or control group (n = 100). The experimental group is given preoperative nursing visit to each patient 1 day before the operation, whereas the control group did not receive the preoperative nursing intervention. The patients in experience group also received education on the surgery team and the environment of operating room, the process of anesthesia, advantages of laparoscopic surgery, and the postoperative care from recovery room to discharge. The primary outcomes include State-Trait anxiety level and postoperative visual analogue scale. Secondary outcomes include total consumption of analgesics and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Figure (a) will show the comparison of outcomes between 2 groups. CONCLUSION: The preoperative nursing visit may decrease the anxiety and the complications after operation in patients receiving LC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol is registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5924).


Assuntos
Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
10.
BMJ Open ; 10(9): e040951, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the experience of people with long-term respiratory conditions regarding the impact of measures to reduce risk of COVID-19. DESIGN: Analysis of data (n=9515) from the Asthma UK and British Lung Foundation partnership COVID-19 survey collected online between 1 and 8 April 2020. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: 9515 people with self-reported long-term respiratory conditions. 81% female, age ranges from ≤17 years to 80 years and above, from all nations of the UK. Long-term respiratory conditions reported included asthma (83%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (10%), bronchiectasis (4%), interstitial lung disease (2%) and 'other' (<1%) (eg, lung cancer and pulmonary endometriosis). OUTCOME MEASURES: Study responses related to impacts on key elements of healthcare, as well as practical, psychological and social consequences related to the COVID-19 pandemic and social distancing measures. RESULTS: 45% reported disruptions to care, including cancellations of appointments, investigations, pulmonary rehabilitation, treatment and monitoring. Other practical impacts such as difficulty accessing healthcare services for other issues and getting basic necessities such as food were also common. 36% did not use online prescriptions, and 54% had not accessed online inhaler technique videos. Psychosocial impacts including anxiety, loneliness and concerns about personal health and family were prevalent. 81% reported engaging in physical activity. Among the 11% who were smokers, 48% reported they were planning to quit smoking because of COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 and related social distancing measures are having profound impacts on people with chronic respiratory conditions. Urgent adaptation and signposting of services is required to mitigate the negative health consequences of the COVID-19 response for this group.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Exercício Físico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Saúde Pública , Doenças Respiratórias , Autogestão , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Solidão/psicologia , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Saúde Pública/métodos , Saúde Pública/normas , Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Doenças Respiratórias/fisiopatologia , Doenças Respiratórias/psicologia , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Autogestão/métodos , Autogestão/psicologia , Autogestão/tendências , Reino Unido
11.
West J Emerg Med ; 21(5): 1059-1066, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970555

RESUMO

At the heart of the unparalleled crisis of COVID-19, healthcare workers (HCWs) face several challenges treating patients with COVID-19: reducing the spread of infection; developing suitable short-term strategies; and formulating long-term plans. The psychological burden and overall wellness of HCWs has received heightened awareness in news and research publications. The purpose of this study was to provide a review on current publications measuring the effects of COVID-19 on wellness of healthcare providers to inform interventional strategies. Between April 6-May 17, 2020, we conducted systematic searches using combinations of these keywords and synonyms in conjunction with the controlled vocabulary of the database: "physician," "wellness, "wellbeing," "stress," "burnout," "COVID-19," and "SARS-CoV-2." We excluded articles without original data, research studies regarding the wellness of non-healthcare occupations or the general public exclusively, other outbreaks, or wellness as an epidemic. A total of 37 studies were included in this review. The review of literature revealed consistent reports of stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in HCWs as a result of COVID-19. We describe published data on HCW distress and burnout but urge future research on strategies to enhance HCW well-being.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Depressão/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Ansiedade/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Depressão/psicologia , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/prevenção & controle , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia
12.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 99, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy as a sensitive period of a woman's life can be affected by various psychological factors that can have adverse effects on the woman, her fetus and future baby. Since COVID-19 is a new phenomenon with limited information available, it may have adverse psychological effects on pregnant women. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the status of depression, stress, anxiety and their predictors in Iranian pregnant women during the outbreak of COVID-19. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was performed on 205 pregnant women covered by Tabriz health centers in Iran. The sampling method used was cluster sampling. The data collection tool was the socio-demographic characteristics questionnaire and the DASS-21 (Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21), which were completed online by pregnant women. The general linear model was used to determine the predictive factors of depression, anxiety and stress. RESULTS: The mean (SD) score of depression, stress, and anxiety were 3.91 (3.9), 6.22 (4.25), and 3.79 (3.39), respectively; the score range of 0 to 21. Depression, stress, and anxiety symptoms were observed in 32.7, 32.7, and 43.9% of the participants, respectively, with varying degrees from mild to very severe. Based on the adjusted general linear model, variables of education level, spouse's job and marital life satisfaction were the predictors of depressive symptoms. Variables of spouse's education level, spouse's support, marital life satisfaction and the number of pregnancies were the predictive factors of anxiety symptoms and the variables of spouse's education level, household income sufficiency, spouse's support and marital life satisfaction were predictors of stress symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the role of marital life satisfaction, high level of spouse's education and income in reducing symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression in pregnant women in critical situations such as the prevalence of COVID-19, it seems that using strategies to promote marital life satisfaction and socio-economic status can play an effective role in controlling anxiety and reducing stress and depression in pregnant women.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Infecções por Coronavirus , Depressão , Casamento , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Complicações na Gravidez , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Prevalência , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
14.
Med Clin North Am ; 104(5): 843-854, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773049

RESUMO

Older adults experience greater emotional well-being in late life. However, older adults may be vulnerable to certain physiologic risk factors, including less physiologic resilience to prolonged stress. Depression and anxiety can be difficult to diagnose in late life owing to differences in self-reported symptoms from younger adults and unclear distinctions between normative and non-normative emotional experiences. We discuss age differences in the presentations of depression and anxiety, and normative and non-normative late life developmental trajectories around bereavement and grief, social isolation and loneliness, and thoughts of death and suicide. We provide recommendations for clinicians for assessing and diagnosing older adults.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Depressão , Saúde Mental , Tristeza/psicologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Idoso , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Ansiedade/psicologia , Causalidade , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Depressão/psicologia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Apoio Social , Ideação Suicida
15.
BMJ Open ; 10(8): e039646, 2020 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792455

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic poses immense challenges for national and international healthcare systems. Especially in times of social isolation and governmental restrictions, mental health should not be neglected. Innovative approaches are required to support psychologically burdened people. The e-mental health intervention 'CoPE It' has been developed to offer manualised and evidence-based psychotherapeutic support adapted to COVID-19-related issues in order to overcome psychological distress. In our study, we aim to assess the efficacy of the e-mental health intervention 'CoPE It' in terms of reducing distress (primary outcome), depression and anxiety symptoms as well as improving self-efficacy, quality of life and mindfulness (secondary outcomes). Furthermore, we want to evaluate the programme's usability, feasibility and participants' satisfaction with 'CoPE It' (tertiary outcome). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The e-mental health intervention 'CoPE It' consists of four 30 min modules, conducted every other day, involving psychotherapeutic techniques of mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive-behavioural therapy. The widely applied and previously established content has been adapted to the context of the COVID-19 pandemic by experts in psychosomatic medicine and stress prevention. In our longitudinal study, adult participants-with adequate German language and computer skills, and who have provided informed consent-will be recruited via emergency support hotlines in Germany. Flyers will be distributed, and online channels will be used. Participants will complete a baseline assessment (T0), a postintervention assessment (T1) and assessments 1 and 3 months later (T2 and T3, respectively). We will perform repeated measures analysis of covariance, mixed linear models, standard analyses of variance and regression, and correlation coefficients. In case of binary outcome variables, either mixed logistic regression or χ² tests will be used. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The Ethics Committees of the University of Duisburg-Essen (20-9243-BO) and University of Tübingen (469/2020BO) approved the study. Results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and conference presentations. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00021301.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Aconselhamento à Distância/métodos , Atenção Plena/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Ansiedade/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Depressão/terapia , Humanos , Pandemias , Satisfação do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Autoeficácia , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
16.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 113, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical care workers experienced unprecedented levels of workload and pressure since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Little is known about its exact impact on medical care workers and related factors in China. This study aims to identify the psychological impact of COVID-19 on medical care workers in China. METHODS: From February 23 to March 5, 2020, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 863 medical care workers from seven provinces in China using standard questionnaires measuring adverse psychological outcomes including Impact of Event Scale-6 (IES-6), Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale(DASS)and related psychosocial factors like perceived threat, social support and coping strategies. Exploratory Factor analysis was performed to identify the dimensions of perceived threat by study participants. Multivariate regression was used to examine the determinants of adverse psychological outcomes. RESULTS: Posttraumatic stress (PTS) were prevalent in this sample of health care professionals, and 40.2% indicated positive screens for significant posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. The proportion of having mild to extremely severe symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress were 13.6, 13.9 and 8.6%, respectively. Perceived threat and passive coping strategies were positively correlated to PTS and DASS scores, while perceived social support and active coping strategies were negatively correlated to DASS scores. Nurses were more likely to be anxious than others among medical care workers during the COVID-19 epidemic. CONCLUSIONS: Adverse psychological symptoms were prevalent among medical care workers in China during the COVID-19 epidemic. Screening for adverse psychological outcomes and developing corresponding preventive measures would be beneficial in decreasing negative psychological outcomes.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , China , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pandemias , Testes Psicológicos , Psicometria , Apoio Social , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
17.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 41(314): 35-41, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771206

RESUMO

The effect of a standardized musical intervention for adolescents with sickle cell disease was studied. Two groups were evaluated using the visual analog scale of pain and the anxiety-state inventory before and after a standardized musical intervention or breathing intervention. A significant decrease in scores was observed, most notably for the group benefiting from the standardized musical intervention. This intervention could be integrated into the overall management of adolescents with sickle cell disease.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/terapia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Musicoterapia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Anemia Falciforme/psicologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Humanos , Dor/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Acta Med Indones ; 52(2): 179-184, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778634

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic occurred abruptly. It is an unexpected disaster. Uncertain treatment for this viral infection increases excessive anxiety, which does not occur only in one person but also in majority of people; therefore, it can create mass panic. Mass panic is a serious problem that must be immediately identified and managed. Mass panic management will reduce COVID-19 incidence.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Psicologia Social/métodos , Quarentena/psicologia , Problemas Sociais , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Ansiedade/psicologia , Controle Comportamental/métodos , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Medo , Humanos , Pânico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Quarentena/métodos , Problemas Sociais/prevenção & controle , Problemas Sociais/psicologia
20.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 105020, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain stroke causes physical and mental disabilities, as well as dependence on one's family. In such cases, the families suffer from severe crisis and anxiety due to the unexpected incidence of the disease and unawareness of the associated consequences. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of informational support on the level of anxiety in family caregivers of hemiplegic stroke patients. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 78 family caregivers of hemiplegic stroke patients admitted to the Neurology Department of Farshchian Hospital in Hamadan, Iran, over 8 months. The subjects were selected through convenience sampling method and divided into two groups of intervention (n = 40) and control (n = 38). Intervention started from the third day of hospitalization and continued until the eleventh day. During this period, information about the ward, equipment, patient status, and care procedure at home, was provided for the intervention group individually and in groups. On the other hand, the control group only received the routine care. Anxiety level of caregivers was measured through the Spielberger scale both before and after the intervention. Data analysis was performed in SPSS software (version 16). RESULTS: Based on the results, both groups were similar in terms of demographic variables (P > 0.05). Moreover, there was no significant difference between the two groups regarding the mean level of state and trait anxiety before the intervention (P > 0.05). However, after intervention, the mean level of state and trait anxiety of the intervention group showed a significant reduction in comparison to that of the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: According to the findings, it can be concluded that informational support is effective in reducing the state and trait anxiety in family caregivers of stroke patients. Therefore, it is suggested that nurses consider informational support as an important nursing intervention during hospitalization.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Cuidadores/psicologia , Educação em Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hemiplegia/reabilitação , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/psicologia , Feminino , Hemiplegia/diagnóstico , Hemiplegia/fisiopatologia , Hemiplegia/psicologia , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/efeitos adversos , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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