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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4495-4502, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In mice, fetal liver is the first tissue of definitive erythropoiesis for definitive erythroid expansion and maturation. ZFAT, originally identified as a candidate susceptibility gene for autoimmune thyroid disease, has been reported to be involved in primitive hematopoiesis and T cell development. The aim of this study was to examine whether or not Zfat is involved in definitive erythropoiesis in the fetal liver during mammalian development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The role of Zfat during mouse fetal erythropoiesis in the fetal liver was examined using tamoxifen-inducible CreERT2 Zfat-deficient mice. RESULTS: Zfat-deficient mice exhibit moderate anemia with small and pale fetal liver through a decreased number of erythroblasts by E12.5. Apoptosis sensitivity in fetal liver erythroid progenitors was enhanced by Zfat-deficiency ex vivo. Moreover, Zfat knockdown partially inhibited CD71-/lowTer119- to CD71highTer119- transition of fetal liver erythroid progenitors with impairment in the elevation of CD71 expression. CONCLUSION: Zfat plays a critical role for erythropoiesis in the fetal liver.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/genética , Eritropoese/genética , Fígado/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Receptores da Transferrina/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células Eritroides/metabolismo , Células Eritroides/patologia , Desenvolvimento Fetal/genética , Feto , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Tireoidite Autoimune/genética , Tireoidite Autoimune/patologia
2.
Bioengineered ; 10(1): 282-291, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311401

RESUMO

Transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1 plays a crucial role in the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in many cancer types and in thyroid cancers. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the most important ingredient in the green tea, has been reported to possess antioxidant and anticancer activities. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms explaining its action have not been completely understood. In this study, we found that EGCG significantly suppresses EMT, invasion and migration in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) 8505C cells in vitro by regulating the TGF-ß/Smad signaling pathways. EGCG significantly inhibited TGF-ß1-induced expression of EMT markers (E-cadherin reduction and vimentin induction) in 8505C cells in vitro. Treatment with EGCG completely blocked the phosphorylation of Smad2/3, translocation of Smad4. Taken together, these results suggest that EGCG suppresses EMT and invasion and migration by blocking TGFß/Smad signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais da Tireoide/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Caderinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Catequina/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Humanos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Transporte Proteico/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Smad2/genética , Proteína Smad2/metabolismo , Proteína Smad3/genética , Proteína Smad3/metabolismo , Proteína Smad4/genética , Proteína Smad4/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais da Tireoide/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais da Tireoide/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia , Vimentina/agonistas , Vimentina/genética , Vimentina/metabolismo
3.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(1): 258-280, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although neuroblastoma is a heterogeneous cancer, a substantial portion overexpresses CD71 (transferrin receptor 1) and MYCN. This study provides a mechanistically driven rationale for a combination therapy targeting neuroblastomas that doubly overexpress or have amplified CD71 and MYCN. For this subset, CD71 was targeted by its natural ligand, gambogic acid (GA), and MYCN was targeted with an HDAC inhibitor, vorinostat. A combination of GA and vorinostat was then tested for efficacy in cancer and non-cancer cells. METHODS: Microarray analysis of cohorts of neuroblastoma patients indicated a subset of neuroblastomas overexpressing both CD71 and MYCN. The viability with proliferation changes were measured by MTT and colony formation assays in neuroblastoma cells. Transfection with CD71 or MYCN along with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to detect expression changes. For pathway analysis, gene ontology (GO) and Protein-protein interaction analyses were performed to evaluate the potential mechanisms of GA and vorinostat in treated cells. RESULTS: For both GA and vorinostat, their pathways were explored for specificity and dependence on their targets for efficacy. For GA-treated cells, the viability/proliferation loss due to GA was dependent on the expression of CD71 and involved activation of caspase-3 and degradation of EGFR. It relied on the JNK-IRE1-mTORC1 pathway. The drug vorinostat also reduced cell viability/proliferation in the treated cells and this was dependent on the presence of MYCN as MYCN siRNA transfection led to a blunting of vorinostat efficacy and conversely, MYCN overexpression improved the vorinostat potency in those cells. Vorinostat inhibition of MYCN led to an increase of the pro-apoptotic miR183 levels and this, in turn, reduced the viability/proliferation of these cells. The combination treatment with GA and vorinostat synergistically reduced cell survival in the MYCN and CD71 overexpressing tumor cells. The same treatment had no effect or minimal effect on HEK293 and HEF cells used as models of non-cancer cells. CONCLUSION: A combination therapy with GA and vorinostat may be suitable for MYCN and CD71 overexpressing neuroblastomas.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica N-Myc , Neuroblastoma , Receptores da Transferrina , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Caspase 3/genética , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica N-Myc/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica N-Myc/genética , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica N-Myc/metabolismo , Neuroblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neuroblastoma/genética , Neuroblastoma/metabolismo , Neuroblastoma/patologia , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Receptores da Transferrina/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores da Transferrina/genética , Receptores da Transferrina/metabolismo , Vorinostat/farmacologia , Xantonas/farmacologia
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(7): 672-675, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302908

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for three patients with development delay and to correlate their clinical phenotypes with genetic findings. METHODS: The karyotypes of the probands and their parents were analyzed by conventional G-banding. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) was used to detect microdeletion and microduplication. RESULTS: No kartotypic abnormality was detected in the patients and their parents. CMA analysis identified a de novo 3.10 Mb deletion on chromosome 15q24.1q24.2 in case 1, a de novo 3.14 Mb deletion at 15q24.1q24.2 in case 2, and a 3.13 Mb deletion at 15q24.1q24.2 in case 3. All deletions have encompassed the CPLX3,SEMA7A and SIN3A genes. CONCLUSION: The three patients were diagnosed with 15q24 microdeletion syndrome. CPLX3,SEMA7A and SIN3A may be the key genes responsible for this syndrome.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cromossômicos/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Antígenos CD/genética , Criança , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 15/genética , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Humanos , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Semaforinas/genética
6.
Vet Microbiol ; 235: 101-109, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282367

RESUMO

Highly virulent porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) strains have increasingly overwhelmed Asia and Europe in recent years. This study aims to compare the clinical signs, gross and microscopic findings as well as the expression of CD163 within live pulmonary alveolar macrophages (PAMs) from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of pigs experimentally infected with two PRRSV strains of different virulence. Pigs were infected with either a subtype 1 PRRSV-1 3249 strain or a subtype 3 PRRSV-1 Lena strain and consecutively euthanized at 1, 3, 6, 8 and 13 days post-inoculation. Clinical signs were reported daily and BALF and lung tissue samples were collected at the different time-points and accordingly processed for their analysis. Pigs infected with Lena strain exhibited greater clinical signs as well as gross and microscopic lung scores compared to 3249-infected pigs. A decreased frequency of PAMs from BALF was observed early in pigs infected with Lena strain. Moreover, the frequency and median fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CD163 within PAMs were much lower in Lena-infected pigs than in 3249-infected pigs. This downregulation in CD163 was also observed in lung sections after the assessment of macrophages expressing CD163 by means of immunohistochemistry. This outcome may result from the effect of PRRSV replication, PRRSV-induced inflammation, the influx of immature macrophages to restore lung homeostasis and/or the evidence of CD163low cells after CD163+ cells decrease in BALF.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/genética , Broncopneumonia/veterinária , Macrófagos Alveolares/imunologia , Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/imunologia , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/patogenicidade , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Animais , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/imunologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Broncopneumonia/virologia , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Pulmão/citologia , Pulmão/virologia , Macrófagos Alveolares/virologia , Masculino , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/imunologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/imunologia , Suínos , Virulência
7.
Cancer Sci ; 110(9): 3006-3011, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301084

RESUMO

Decreased cell adhesion has been reported as a significant negative prognostic factor of lung cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for the cell incohesiveness in lung cancer have not yet been elucidated in detail. We herein describe a rare histological variant of lung adenocarcinoma consisting almost entirely of individual cancer cells spreading in alveolar spaces in an incohesive pattern. A whole exome analysis of this case showed no genomic abnormalities in CDH1 or other genes encoding cell adhesion molecules. However, whole mRNA sequencing revealed that this case had an extremely high expression level of mucin 21 (MUC21), a mucin molecule that was previously shown to inhibit cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion. The strong membranous expression of MUC21 was found on cancer cells using mAbs recognizing different O-glycosylated forms of MUC21. An immunohistochemical analysis of an unselected series of lung adenocarcinoma confirmed that the strong membranous expression of MUC21 correlated with incohesiveness. Thus, MUC21 could be a promising biomarker with potential diagnostic and therapeutic applications for lung adenocarcinoma showing cell incohesiveness.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Mucinas/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Idoso , Antígenos CD/genética , Caderinas/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2410, 2019 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160587

RESUMO

Medulloblastoma, which is the most common malignant paediatric brain tumour, has a 70% survival rate, but standard treatments often lead to devastating life-long side effects and recurrence is fatal. One of the emerging strategies in the search for treatments is to determine the roles of tumour microenvironment cells in the growth and maintenance of tumours. The most attractive target is tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs), which are abundantly present in the Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) subgroup of medulloblastoma. Here, we report an unexpected beneficial role of TAMs in SHH medulloblastoma. In human patients, decreased macrophage number is correlated with significantly poorer outcome. We confirm macrophage anti-tumoural behaviour in both ex vivo and in vivo murine models of SHH medulloblastoma. Taken together, our findings suggest that macrophages play a positive role by impairing tumour growth in medulloblastoma, in contrast to the pro-tumoural role played by TAMs in glioblastoma, another common brain tumour.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cerebelares/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Meduloblastoma/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/metabolismo , Antígeno CD11b/genética , Antígeno CD11b/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cerebelares/genética , Neoplasias Cerebelares/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL2/imunologia , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Meduloblastoma/genética , Meduloblastoma/metabolismo , Camundongos , Microglia/imunologia , Células Mieloides/imunologia , Receptores CCR2/genética , Regulação para Cima
9.
Planta Med ; 85(9-10): 755-765, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185503

RESUMO

Antcin-A (ATA) is a steroid-like phytochemical isolated from the fruiting bodies of a precious edible mushroom Antrodia cinnamomea. We previously showed that ATA has strong anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects; however, other possible bioactivities of this unique compound remain unexplored. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the modulation of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), anti-migration, and anti-invasive potential of ATA against human breast cancer cells in vitro. Human breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231, were incubated with ATA for 24 h. Wound healing, trans-well invasion, western blot, q-PCR, F-actin staining, and immunofluorescence assays were performed. We found that treatment with ATA significantly blocked EMT processes, as evidenced by upregulation of epithelial markers (E-cadherin and occludin) and downregulation of mesenchymal markers (N-cadherin and vimentin) via suppression of their transcriptional repressor ZEB1. Next, we found that ATA could induce miR-200c, which is a known player of ZEB1 repression. Further investigations revealed that ATA-mediated induction of miR-200c is associated with transcriptional activation of p53, as confirmed by the fact that ATA failed to induce miR-200c or suppress ZEB1 activity in p53 inhibited cells. Further in vitro wound healing and trans-well invasion assays support that ATA could inhibit migratory and invasive potentials of breast cancer cells, and the effect was likely associated with induced phenotypic modulation. Taken together, the present study suggests that antcin-A could be a lead phyto-agent for the development of anti-metastatic drug for breast cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Esteroides/farmacologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Antígenos CD/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Caderinas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , MicroRNAs/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco/genética , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco/metabolismo
10.
Vet Microbiol ; 234: 25-33, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213269

RESUMO

Porcine productive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and classical swine fever virus (CSFV) both are major pathogens of swine that pose a great threat to the Chinese pig industry. It has been found that PRRSV infection can lead to vaccination failure of CSFV C strain-derived modified live vaccine (CSFV-C) by interfering with the immune responses to the latter. To investigate whether PRRSV can suppress CSFV-C replication, we created a 3D4/21-based cell line PAM39 that is susceptible to both viruses by expressing PRRSV receptors CD163 and CD169, and then investigated their interplay under the condition of either sequential or simultaneous co-infection. The most significant suppressive effect came from the sequential infection when the cells were first infected by PRRSV and then followed by CSFV-C at an interval of 6 h. In addition, this effect was independent of PRRSV strains. Mechanistically, PRRSV induced an elevated level of a subset of pro-inflammatory cytokines, especially tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), through the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway to inhibit the replication of CSFV-C in vitro. Thus, our studies provide an alternative explanation on PRRSV-induced CSFV vaccination failure, and this has an important implication in CSF vaccination and control.


Assuntos
Vírus da Febre Suína Clássica/fisiologia , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Replicação Viral , Animais , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/genética , Linhagem Celular , Imunofluorescência , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Lectina 1 Semelhante a Ig de Ligação ao Ácido Siálico/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Suínos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
11.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2037, 2019 05 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048690

RESUMO

Genome-wide analysis of genomic signatures might reveal novel mechanisms for gastric cancer (GC) tumorigenesis. Here, we analysis structural variations (SVs) and mutational signatures via whole-genome sequencing of 168 GCs. Our data demonstrates diverse models of complex SVs operative in GC, which lead to high-level amplification of oncogenes. We find varying proportion of tandem-duplications (TDs) among individuals and identify 24 TD hotspots involving well-established cancer genes such as CCND1, ERBB2 and MYC. Specifically, we nominate a novel hotspot involving the super-enhancer of ZFP36L2 presents in approximately 10% GCs from different cohorts, the oncogenic role of which is further confirmed by experimental data. In addition, our data reveal a mutational signature, specifically occurring in noncoding region, significantly enriched in tumors with cadherin 1 mutations, and associated with poor prognoses. Collectively, our data suggest that TDs might serve as an important mechanism for cancer gene activation and provide a novel signature for stratification.


Assuntos
Oncogenes/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD/genética , Caderinas/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/genética , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Duplicação Gênica/genética , Variação Estrutural do Genoma , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estômago/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
12.
MBio ; 10(3)2019 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088921

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of skin and soft tissue infections and aggravator of the inflammatory skin disease atopic dermatitis (AD [eczema]). Epicutaneous exposure to S. aureus induces Th17 responses through skin Langerhans cells (LCs), which paradoxically contribute to host defense but also to AD pathogenesis. The molecular mechanisms underlying the interaction between S. aureus and LCs are poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that human LCs directly interact with S. aureus through the pattern recognition receptor langerin (CD207). Human, but not mouse, langerin interacts with S. aureus through the conserved ß-N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) modifications on wall teichoic acid (WTA), thereby discriminating S. aureus from other staphylococcal species. Importantly, the specific S. aureus WTA glycoprofile strongly influences the level of proinflammatory cytokines that are produced by in vitro-generated LCs. Finally, in a murine epicutaneous infection model, S. aureus strongly upregulated transcripts of Cxcl1, Il6, and Il17, which required the presence of both human langerin and WTA ß-GlcNAc. Our findings provide molecular insight into the unique proinflammatory capacities of S. aureus in relation to skin inflammation.IMPORTANCE The bacterium Staphylococcus aureus is an important cause of skin infections and is also associated with the occurrence and severity of eczema. Langerhans cells (LCs), a specific subset of skin immune cells, participate in the immune response to S. aureus, but it is yet unclear how LCs recognize S. aureus Therefore, we investigated the molecular mechanism underlying the interaction between LCs and S. aureus We identified that wall teichoic acid, an abundant polymer on the S. aureus surface, is recognized by langerin, a receptor unique to LCs. This interaction allows LCs to discriminate S. aureus from other related staphylococcal species and initiates a proinflammatory response similar to that observed in patients with eczema. Our data therefore provide important new insights into the relationship between S. aureus, LCs, and eczema.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos de Superfície/genética , Células de Langerhans/imunologia , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/genética , Infecções Estafilocócicas/imunologia , Ácidos Teicoicos/imunologia , Acetilglucosamina , Animais , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Antígenos de Superfície/imunologia , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/imunologia , Humanos , Inflamação , Interleucina-17/genética , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Lectinas Tipo C/imunologia , Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pele/imunologia , Pele/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus
13.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 152: 79-87, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102683

RESUMO

AIMS: The present report aimed to clarify the clinical characteristics in a girl at the age of 12 and her mother with partial lipodystrophy and Type A insulin resistance syndrome. METHODS: We examined fat distribution in the patients using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography. We performed genetic analysis to examine the causal gene for lipodystrophy and insulin resistance. RESULTS: Both patients had partial lipodystrophy and a novel heterozygous missense mutation (Asn1137 → Lys1137) in the insulin receptor gene. Because Asn1137 in the catalytic loop is conserved in all protein kinases, this mutation was thought to impair insulin receptor function. By whole-exome sequencing, we found the proband had neither mutations in candidate genes known to be associated with familial partial lipodystrophy nor novel likely candidate causal genes. Taken together, we thought that fat loss in these two patients might be caused by insulin receptor dysfunction. The proband had amenorrhea due to polycystic ovary syndrome. Her menstruation improved, as fat loss was restored during adolescence. This might be caused by improving insulin resistance due to increased levels of leptin and fat mass. CONCLUSIONS: This case might help to understand the mechanisms insulin receptor dysfunction that cause lipodystrophy.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/genética , Lipodistrofia Parcial Familiar/genética , Síndrome Metabólica/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Receptor de Insulina/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Lipodistrofia Parcial Familiar/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Núcleo Familiar , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/genética
14.
Vet Res Commun ; 43(3): 187-195, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104196

RESUMO

The emergence of virulent strains of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), causing atypical and severe outbreaks, has been notified worldwide. This study assesses the expression, distribution and kinetics of PRRSV N-protein, CD163 and CD107a in the lung and tonsil from experimentally-infected piglets with three different PRRSV-1 strains: a virulent PRRSV-1 subtype 3 strain (SU1-bel) and two low-virulent subtype 1 strains, Lelystad virus (LV) and 215-06. SU1-bel replicated more efficiently in the lungs and tonsils. The number of CD163+ cells decreased in both tissues from all infected groups at 7 dpi, followed by an increase at the end of the study, highlighting a negative correlation with the number of N-protein+-infected cells. A significant increase in CD107a was observed in all infected groups at 35 dpi but no differences were observed among them. Whereas the initial decrease of CD163+ cells appears to be associated to virus replication and cell death, the later recovery of the CD163+ population may be due to either the induction of CD163 in immature cells, the recruitment of CD163+ cells in the area of infection, or both. These results highlight the ability of macrophage subpopulations in infected animals to recover and restore their potential biological functions at one-month post-infection, with the greatest improvement observed in SU1-bel-infected animals.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Proteína 1 de Membrana Associada ao Lisossomo/genética , Tonsila Palatina/imunologia , Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/imunologia , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/imunologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Animais , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/imunologia , Proteína 1 de Membrana Associada ao Lisossomo/imunologia , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/genética , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/metabolismo , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/patogenicidade , Receptores de Superfície Celular/imunologia , Suínos , Virulência/imunologia
15.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 186, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women. In triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells, a novel quinone derivative, coenzyme Q0 (CoQ0), promotes apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest. This study explored the anti-epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and antimetastatic attributes of CoQ0 in TNBC (MDA-MB-231). METHODS: Invasion, as well as MTT assays were conducted. Lipofectamine RNAiMAX was used to transfect cells with ß-catenin siRNA. Through Western blotting and RT-PCR, the major signaling pathways' protein expressions were examined, and the biopsied tumor tissues underwent immunohistochemical and hematoxylin and eosin staining as well as Western blotting. RESULTS: CoQ0 (0.5-2 µM) hindered tumor migration, invasion, and progression. Additionally, it caused MMP-2/- 9, uPA, uPAR, and VEGF downregulation. Furthermore, in highly metastatic MDA-MB-231 cells, TIMP-1/2 expression was subsequently upregulated and MMP-9 expression was downregulated. In addition, CoQ0 inhibited metastasis and EMT in TGF-ß/TNF-α-stimulated non-tumorigenic MCF-10A cells. Bioluminescence imaging of MDA-MB-231 luciferase-injected live mice demonstrated that CoQ0 significantly inhibited metastasis of the breast cancer to the lungs and inhibited the development of tumors in MDA-MB-231 xenografted nude mice. Silencing of ß-catenin with siRNA stimulated CoQ0-inhibited EMT. Western blotting as well as histological analysis established that CoQ0 reduced xenografted tumor development because apoptosis induction, cell-cycle inhibition, E-cadherin upregulation, ß-catenin downregulation, and metastasis and EMT regulatory protein modulation were observed. CONCLUSIONS: CoQ0 inhibited the progression of metastasis as well as EMT (in vitro and in vivo). The described approach has potential in treating human breast cancer metastasis.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Ubiquinona/administração & dosagem , Animais , Antígenos CD/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caderinas/genética , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , beta Catenina/genética
16.
Cell Prolif ; 52(3): e12600, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of hypoxia in vasculogenic mimicry (VM) of salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) and the underlying mechanism involved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Firstly, wound healing, transwell invasion, immunofluorescence and tube formation assays were performed to measure the effect of hypoxia on migration, invasion, EMT and VM of SACC cells, respectively. Then, immunofluorescence and RT-PCR were used to detect the effect of hypoxia on VE-cadherin and VEGFA expression. And pro-vasculogenic mimicry effect of VEGFA was investigated by confocal laser scanning microscopy and Western blot. Moreover, the levels of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Vimentin, CD44 and ALDH1 were determined by Western blot and immunofluorescence in SACC cells treated by exogenous VEGFA or bevacizumab. Finally, CD31/ PAS staining was performed to observe VM and immunohistochemistry was used to determine the levels of VEGFA and HIF-1α in 95 SACC patients. The relationships between VM and clinicopathological variables, VEGFA or HIF-1α level were analysed. RESULTS: Hypoxia promoted cell migration, invasion, EMT and VM formation, and enhanced VE-cadherin and VEGFA expression in SACC cells. Further, exogenous VEGFA markedly increased the levels of N-cadherin, Vimentin, CD44 and ALDH1, and inhibited the expression of E-cadherin, while the VEGFA inhibitor reversed these changes. In addition, VM channels existed in 25 of 95 SACC samples, and there was a strong positive correlation between VM and clinic stage, distant metastases, VEGFA and HIF-1α expression. CONCLUSIONS: VEGFA played an important role in hypoxia-induced VM through regulating EMT and stemness, which may eventually fuel the migration and invasion of SACC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Hipóxia Tumoral/fisiologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Adulto , Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Bevacizumab/farmacologia , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/irrigação sanguínea , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/fisiologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neovascularização Patológica , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1909, 2019 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015417

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. ß-catenin is widely thought to be a major oncogene in HCC based on the frequency of mutations associated with aberrant Wnt signaling in HCC patients. Challenging this model, our data reveal that ß-catenin nuclear accumulation is restricted to the late stage of the disease. Until then, ß-catenin is primarily located at the plasma membrane in complex with multiple cadherin family members where it drives tumor cell survival by enhancing the signaling of growth factor receptors such as EGFR. Therefore, our study reveals the evolving nature of ß-catenin in HCC to establish it as a compound tumor promoter during the progression of the disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Proteína Wnt3A/genética , beta Catenina/genética , Animais , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Núcleo Celular/genética , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fatores Sexuais , Transdução de Sinais , Carga Tumoral , Proteína Wnt3A/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo
18.
Dokl Biochem Biophys ; 484(1): 59-62, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31012015

RESUMO

Biopsy material of patients with malignant and benign breast diseases was examined. HRG mRNA expression was detected in 70% of cases in biopsy material obtained from patients with nonspecific invasive carcinoma and in 66.7% of cases in biopsy material of patients with benign breast diseases. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed expression of collagen II, the beta-1 integrin, and E-cadherin-markers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition. The use of RT-qPCR combined with immunohistochemical study made it possible to identify atypical cells, which can be regarded as precancerous changes, in individual patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD/biossíntese , Antígenos CD/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Caderinas/biossíntese , Caderinas/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas/genética
19.
Vet Microbiol ; 232: 137-145, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030838

RESUMO

The emergence of "highly pathogenic" isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HP-PRRSV) has raised new concerns about PRRS control. Cells from the porcine monocyte-macrophage lineage represent the target for this virus, which replicates mainly in the lung, and especially in HP-PRRSV strains, also in lymphoid organs, such as the thymus. This study aimed at evaluating the impact of two PRRSV strains of different virulence on thymic macrophages as well as after heterologous vaccination. After experimental infection with PR11 and PR40 PRRSV1 subtype 1 strains (low and high virulent, respectively) samples from thymus were analysed by histopathology and immunohistochemistry for PRRSV N protein, TUNEL, CD172a, CD163, CD107a and BA4D5 expression. Mortality was similar in both infected groups, but lung lesions and thymus atrophy were more intense in PR40 group. Animals died at 10-14 dpi after PR11 or PR40 infection showed the most severe histopathological lesions, with a strong inflammatory response of the stroma and extensive cell death phenomena in the cortex. These animals presented an increase in the number of N protein, CD172a, CD163 and BA4D5 positive cells in the stroma and the cortex together with a decrease in the number of CD107a positive cells. Our results highlight the recruitment of macrophages in the thymus, the increase in the expression of CD163 and the regulation of the host cytotoxic activity by macrophages. However, no marked differences were observed between PR11- and PR40-infected animals. Heterologous vaccination restrained virus spread and lesions extent in the thymus of PR40-infected animals.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/virologia , Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/imunologia , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/patogenicidade , Timo/virologia , Animais , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/genética , Pulmão/patologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/imunologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Suínos , Timo/imunologia , Carga Viral , Vacinas Virais/uso terapêutico , Virulência
20.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 234, 2019 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010428

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We recently showed that the anti-helminthic compound mebendazole (MBZ) has immunomodulating activity by inducing a M2 to M1 phenotype switch in monocyte/macrophage models. In the present study we investigated the potential role of protein kinases in mediating this effect. RESULTS: MBZ potently binds and inhibits Dual specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation-regulated kinase 1B (DYRK1B) with a Kd and an IC50 of 7 and 360 nM, respectively. The specific DYRK1B inhibitor AZ191 did not mimic the cytokine release profile of MBZ in untreated THP-1 monocytes. However, in THP-1 cells differentiated into macrophages, AZ191 strongly induced a pro-inflammatory cytokine release pattern similar to MBZ and LPS/IFNγ. Furthermore, like MBZ, AZ191 increased the expression of the M1 marker CD80 and decreased the M2 marker CD163 in THP-1 macrophages. In this model, AZ191 also increased phospho-ERK activity although to a lesser extent compared to MBZ. Taken together, the results demonstrate that DYRK1B inhibition could, at least partly, recapitulate immune responses induced by MBZ. Hence, DYRK1B inhibition induced by MBZ may be part of the mechanism of action to switch M2 to M1 macrophages.


Assuntos
Antinematódeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mebendazol/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/imunologia , Antinematódeos/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 2 Anéis/farmacologia , Humanos , Interferon gama/genética , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Interleucinas/genética , Interleucinas/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Mebendazol/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/imunologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/imunologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/imunologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Células THP-1 , Acetato de Tetradecanoilforbol/farmacologia
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