Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.342
Filtrar
1.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 20(6): 252, 2019 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300965

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of partially hydrolyzed ginsenoside on the physicochemical properties and in vitro release of curcumin from phospholipid-based nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC). NLC formulas modified with partially hydrolyzed ginsenoside (NLC-PG) were prepared with different amounts of ginsenoside using the conventional hot-melt method. The average particle size of curcumin-loaded NLC-PG ranged from 150 to 200 nm, and polydispersity index was in the range of 0.101-0.177, indicating monodispersed particle size distribution. Optical microscopy showed no sedimentation or recrystallization of curcumin even at 10,000 µg/ml concentration as NLC-PG in distilled water, indicating significantly enhanced solubility. TEM image showed that the nanoparticles were monodispersed with a multilayered core/shell structure. X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopy showed that curcumin was amorphous in the NLC-PG, and there was no interaction between curcumin and the excipients. In vitro release study using simulated gastric/intestinal fluid media revealed that the release rate (Jss) of curcumin from the NLC-PG increased as a function of the ginsenoside content in the lipid carrier. Moreover, the Jss of curcumin kept gradually increasing in the presence of lipase, whereas in the presence of viscozyme, it sharply increased until the ginsenoside content reached 9.09% and subsequently plateaued. Partially hydrolyzed ginsenoside increased the Jss of curcumin from curcumin-loaded NLC-PG and therefore may be useful for improving the bioavailability of curcumin.


Assuntos
Curcumina/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Ginsenosídeos/química , Lipídeos/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Curcumina/farmacocinética , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacocinética , Excipientes/química , Excipientes/farmacocinética , Ginsenosídeos/farmacocinética , Hidrólise , Lipídeos/farmacocinética , Lisofosfatidilcolinas/química , Lisofosfatidilcolinas/farmacocinética , Tamanho da Partícula , Fosfatidilcolinas/química , Fosfatidilcolinas/farmacocinética , Óleo de Soja/química , Óleo de Soja/farmacocinética , Difração de Raios X/métodos
2.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(9): 966-976, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257308

RESUMO

Honokiol, a biphenolic neolignan isolated from Magnolia officinalis, was reported to have a promising anti-inflammatory activity for the treatment of various diseases. There are many efforts on the synthesis and structure-activity relationship of honokiol derivatives. However, regioselective O-alkylation of honokiol remains a challenge and serves as a tool to provide not only some derivatives but also chemical probes for target identification and mode of action. In this study, we examined the reaction condition for regioselective O-alkylation, in which C2 and C4'-alkylated analogs of honokiol were synthesized and evaluated for inhibitory activity on nitric oxide production and cyclooxygenase-2 expression. Furthermore, we successfully synthesized a potential photoaffinity probe consisting of biotin and benzophenone based on a C4'-alkylated derivative.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Lignanas/farmacologia , Alquilação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/síntese química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/síntese química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lignanas/síntese química , Lignanas/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7 , Estereoisomerismo
3.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 233-245, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255924

RESUMO

A series of S-allyl-l-cysteine (SAC) with garlic acid conjugates as anti-inflammatory agents were designed and synthesized. Among the 40 tested compounds, SMU-8c exhibited the most potent inhibitory activity to Pam3CSK4-induced nitric oxide (NO) in RAW264.7 macrophages with IC50 of 22.54 ±â€¯2.60 µM. The structure-activity relationship (SAR) study suggested that the esterified carboxyl group, carbon chain extension and methoxylation phenol hydroxy could improve the anti-inflammatory efficacy. Preliminary anti-inflammatory mechanism studies showed that SMU-8c significantly down-regulated the levels of Pam3CSK4 triggered TNF-α cytokine in human THP-1 cells, mouse RAW 264.7 macrophages, as well as in ex-vivo human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with no influence on cell viability. SMU-8c specifically blocked the Pam3CSK4 ignited secreted embryonic alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) signaling with no influence to Poly I:C or LPS triggered TLR3 or TLR4 signaling. Moreover, SMU-8c suppressed TLR2 in HEK-Blue hTLR2 cells and inhibited the formation of TLR1-TLR2, and TLR2-TLR6 complex in human PBMC. In summary, SMU-8c inhibited the TLR2 signaling pathway to down-regulate the inflammation cytokines, such as NO, SEAP and TNF-α, to realize its anti-inflammatory activity.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Cisteína/análogos & derivados , Alho/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Cisteína/química , Cisteína/farmacologia , Citocinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Citocinas/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Lipopeptídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopeptídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células THP-1
4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 180: 41-50, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299586

RESUMO

In this work, a series of novel indole-2-amide compounds were designed, synthesized, characterized and the anti-inflammatory activity in vivo were evaluated. Compounds 8a, 10b, 12h, and 12l exhibited marked anti-inflammatory activity in 2,4-Dinitrofluorobenzenethe (DNFB) - induced mice auricle edema model. Further, compounds 8a, 10b and 12h exhibited potential in vitro COX-2 inhibitory activity (IC50 = 21.86, 23.3 and 23.21 nM, respectively), while the reference drug celecoxib was 11.20 nM. The most promising compound 10b was exhibited the highest selectivity for COX-2 (selectivity index (COX-1/COX-2) = 17.45) and moderate 5-LOX inhibitory activity (IC50 = 66 nM), which comparable to positive controlled zileuton (IC50 = 38.91 nM). In addition, the test results showed compounds 10b and 12h no significant cytotoxic activity on normal cells (RAW264.7). Further, at the active sites of the COX-1, COX-2 co-crystals, 3b and 4l showed higher binding forces in the molecular docking study, which consistent with the results of in vitro experiments. These results demonstrated that these compounds had dual inhibitory activity of COX/5-LOX, providing clues for further searching for safer and more effective anti-inflammatory drugs.


Assuntos
Amidas/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Indóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/farmacologia , Amidas/síntese química , Amidas/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Araquidonato 5-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/síntese química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Indóis/síntese química , Indóis/química , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/síntese química , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/química , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Células RAW 264.7 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 180: 62-71, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301564

RESUMO

Oxidative stress and inflammation are major causes of numerous life-threatening human diseases. In the present study, we synthesized a series of phenylacrylamide derivatives as novel anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agents. Biological evaluation showed that compound 6a could more potently protect HBZY-1 mesangial cells from H2O2-caused oxidative stress than positive controls resveratrol and sulforaphane by dose- and time-dependently impairing the ROS accumulation. Preliminary anti-oxidant mechanism studies indicated that compound 6a could activate Nrf2 and increase the protein and mRNA expression of downstream anti-oxidant enzymes, ie. NQO-1, HO-1, GCLM and GCLC. Notably, 6a could inhibit the production of NO and the activity of NF-κB in LPS-stimulated HBZY-1 mesangial cells, indicating its potential anti-inflammatory activity. Interestingly, both effects could be significantly attenuated by Nrf2 inhibitor TRG, HO-1 inhibitor ZnPP or GCL inhibitor BSO at non-toxic concentrations, confirming that the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of 6a is related to the activation of Nrf2 signaling pathway. These results, together with the relatively safety profile, indicated that compound 6a could be a promising lead to develop novel anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agents, thus preventing diseases induced by oxidative stress and inflammation.


Assuntos
Acrilamida/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Acrilamida/síntese química , Acrilamida/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Antioxidantes/síntese química , Antioxidantes/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/antagonistas & inibidores , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Eur J Med Chem ; 180: 86-98, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301566

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to design and synthesize COX-1/COX-2 balanced inhibitors incorporating the structural motifs of anti-inflammatory ascidian metabolites. We designed a series of substituted indole analogs that incorporate the key structures of the ascidian metabolites, herdmanines C and D. The synthesized analogs were tested for their inhibitory activity against COX-1 and COX-2, and compound 5m, which displayed balanced inhibition, was further evaluated for in vitro anti-inflammatory activity. Compound 5m suppressed the expression of pro-inflammatory factors, including iNOS, COX-2, TNF-α, and IL-6 in LPS-stimulated murine RAW264.7 macrophages. The reduction of PGE2, NO, and ROS was also observed, together with the suppression of NF-κB, IKK, and IκBα phosphorylation. Our results characterized 5m as a COX-1/COX-2 balanced inhibitor that subsequently caused ROS inhibition and NF-κB suppression, and culminated in the suppression of iNOS, COX-2, TNF-α, and IL-6 expression.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Desenho de Drogas , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/síntese química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Células RAW 264.7 , Ovinos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Urocordados
7.
Eur J Med Chem ; 180: 154-170, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302448

RESUMO

The strong therapeutic potential of CB2 receptor agonists for use as anti-inflammatory agents that lack psychiatric side effects has attracted substantial interest. We herein describe the rational design and synthesis of novel thiazole and benzothiazole derivatives and the evaluation of their binding affinity and functional activity on CB1 and CB2 receptors. The series with the general formula N-(3-pentylbenzo [d]thiazol-2(3H)-ylidene) carboxamide (compounds 6a-6d) exhibited the highest affinity and selectivity towards CB2 receptors with Kis in the picomolar or low nanomolar range, and selectivity indices (Ki hCB1/Ki hCB2) reaching up to 429 fold. Notably, these compounds also demonstrated an agonistic functional activity in cellular assays with EC50s in the low nanomolar range. More interestingly, compound 6d, the 3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide derivative, exhibited remarkable protection against DSS-induced acute colitis in mice model.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Benzotiazóis/farmacologia , Agonistas de Receptores de Canabinoides/farmacologia , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide/agonistas , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Benzotiazóis/síntese química , Benzotiazóis/química , Agonistas de Receptores de Canabinoides/síntese química , Agonistas de Receptores de Canabinoides/química , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/química
8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 272-309, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255927

RESUMO

Inflammation is a biological function which triggered after the mechanical tissue disruption or from the responses by the incidence of physical, chemical or biological negotiator in body. These responses are essential act provided by the immune system during infection and tissue injury to maintain normal tissue homeostasis. Inflammation is a quite complicated process at molecular level with the involvement of several proinflammatory expressions. Several health problems are associated with prolonged inflammation, which effects nearly all major to minor diseases. The molecular and epidemiological studies jagged that the inflammation is closely associated with several disorders with their specific targets. It would be great achievement for human health around the world to overcome on inflammation. Mostly used anti-inflammatory drugs are at high risk of side effects and also expensive. Hence, the plant-based formulations gained a wide acceptance by the public and medical experts to treat it. Due to extensive dispersal, chemical diversity and systematically established biological potentials of natural products have induced renewed awareness as a gifted source for medications. However, today's urgent need to search for cheaper, more potent and safe anti-inflammatory medications to overcome on current situation. The goal of this review to compile an update on inflammation, associated diseases, molecular targets, inflammatory mediators and role of natural products. The entire text concise the involvement of various cytokines in pathogenesis of various human disorders. This assignment discussed about 321 natural products with their promising anti-inflammatory potential discovered during January 2009 to December 2018 with 262 citations.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/química , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico
9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 389-403, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260892

RESUMO

Highly diastereoselective synthesis of chromeno ß-lactam hybrids was achieved by an efficient one-pot three-component reaction. With this procedure, the desired ß-lactam products were obtained in good yields and with exclusive cis stereoselection, by combining a variety of benzaldehydes, malononitrile, and either 5,5-dimethylcyclohexane-1,3-dione or 4-hydroxycoumarin in the presence of 1,4-diazabicyclo [2.2.2]octane under reflux conditions. These adducts were structurally characterized on the basis of IR, 1D and 2D NMR spectra, X-ray analysis, H-H COSY and H-C HSQC two-dimensional NMR experiments, and elemental analysis. Each of the synthesized compounds was screened for anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. ß-Lactams 5b and 8b showed a 53.4 and 19.8 anti-inflammatory ratio, respectively, and 5b appeared more active than the well-known dexamethasone corticosteroid used for the treatment of rheumatoid and skin inflammation. ß-Lactams 5a, 5b, 5e, 5f, 5g, 8c, 8j and 8p also showed good antitumor activity against the SW1116 (colon cancer) cell line without notable cytotoxicity towards the HepG2 control cell line.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzopiranos/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , beta-Lactamas/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzopiranos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Células RAW 264.7 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , beta-Lactamas/química
10.
Phytochemistry ; 164: 206-214, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177053

RESUMO

Eight undescribed cholestane glycosides named osaundersioside A-H, along with three previously known compounds named osaundersioside I-K were isolated from Ornithogalum saundersiae Baker bulbs (Asparagaceae). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and chemical methods. All isolates were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity and inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production. Osaundersioside C was thus determined to exhibit specific cytotoxicity towards MCF-7 cell line with an IC50 value of 0.20 µM, Osaundersioside H exhibited inhibitory effect on NO production in macrophages at the concentration of 10-5 M, with inhibition rate of 56.81%.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Asparagaceae/química , Colestanos/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Colestanos/química , Colestanos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Células MCF-7 , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Casca de Planta/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
11.
Phytochemistry ; 164: 228-235, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31181354

RESUMO

Terminthia paniculata (Sanyeqi) is widely used for treating inflammation and rheumatic arthritis in the folk areas of Yunnan province, China. Its total extract was first revealed with xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory activity in vitro and anti-hyperuricemic effect in vivo. Bioassay-guided separation on Fr. A5 yielded six chalcone-flavonone heterodimers, termipaniculatones A-F. Their structures were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic analyses involving HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR, UV, IR and [α]D, and the absolute configuration of termipaniculatone F was verified by ECD calculation. Termipaniculatones A and E showed obvious XO inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 55.6 and 89.5 µM, respectively, which took effects via a mix-type mode. A molecular modeling study revealed that termipaniculatone A was well located into the active site of XO by interacting with Glu802, Arg880, Thr1010 and Val1011 residues. Termipaniculatone A showed anti-hyperuricemic effects by decreasing serum uric acid levels and inhibiting XO activity in both serum and liver on potassium oxonate (PO)-induced hyperuricemia mice, and anti-inflammatory activity through alleviating paw swelling on monosodium urate (MSU)-induced mice, at the concentration of 20 mg/kg. This is the first time to reveal the anti-hyperuricemic and anti-acute gouty arthritis potency of T. paniculata and the characteristic biflavonoids as active constituents, which provides valuable information for searching new XO inhibitors from natural sources.


Assuntos
Anacardiaceae/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Artrite Gotosa/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Gotosa/metabolismo , Chalcona/química , Chalcona/isolamento & purificação , Chalcona/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Flavanonas/química , Flavanonas/isolamento & purificação , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Hiperuricemia/induzido quimicamente , Hiperuricemia/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Estrutura Molecular , Ácido Oxônico/antagonistas & inibidores , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ácido Úrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Xantina Oxidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Xantina Oxidase/metabolismo
12.
Phytochemistry ; 164: 236-242, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185420

RESUMO

Mangiterpenes A-C and 2',3'-seco-manginoid C, four undescribed sesquiterpene/monoterpene-shikimate-conjugated meroterpenoids with spiro ring systems, were isolated from Guignardia mangiferae. The structures and absolute configurations of these compounds were established by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Mangiterpenes A-C represent the first examples of sesquiterpene-shikimate-conjugated spirocyclic meroterpenoids, and 2',3'-seco-manginoid C features an unexpected 2',3'-seco-manginoids skeleton. Mangiterpene C strongly inhibited the production of NO inducted by LPS, with an IC50 value of 5.97 µM. It showed an anti-inflammatory effect by means of blocking in the NF-κB signaling pathway and decreasing the expression of inflammatory mediators.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Ácido Chiquímico/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Terpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Monoterpenos/química , Monoterpenos/isolamento & purificação , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7 , Ácido Chiquímico/química , Ácido Chiquímico/isolamento & purificação , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Espiro/química , Compostos de Espiro/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Terpenos/química , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação
13.
J Chromatogr A ; 1602: 107-116, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182304

RESUMO

Polystyrene is one of the best candidates as the extracting medium due to its high stability in different media and acceptable extraction capability. However, the hydrophobic nature and low wettability of polystyrene limits its application to non-polar analytes. To resolve this limitation, in this project, amine groups were chemically attached to the surface of magnetic polystyrene. The resulting hydrophilic magnetic particles were expected to be capable of extracting both polar and non-polar analytes. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were chosen for testing the applicability of modified magnetic polystyrene according to the importance of their analysis and also their wide polarity range. Major parameters associated with the extraction procedure were optimized using central composite design (CCD) method and pH 3, extraction time of 15 min, desorption volume of 350 µL and desorption time of 4 min were chosen as optimized values. Under these conditions, figures of merit were calculated including: linear dynamic range (0.5-1000 µg L-1), linear equation and limits of detection (0.1-3 µg L-1). To investigate the method precision, inter-day, intra-day and synthesis-to-synthesis relative standard deviation (RSD) were studied (<12%). All studies were conducted using blank urine samples spiked with aspirin, salicylic acid, ibuprofen, diclofenac and mefenamic acid. Naproxen was chosen as the internal standard and high-performance liquid chromatography-UV-Vis (HPLC-UV) was employed for the subsequent determination after extraction. To evaluate the applicability of the method for real sample analysis, urine samples from patients under treatment were analyzed and acceptable results were obtained. The aminated magnetic polystyrene revealed superior extraction efficiency, much higher than polystyrene before functionalization. In addition, hospital wastewater sample was tested and acceptable extraction efficiencies were obtained.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Magnetismo , Preparações Farmacêuticas/isolamento & purificação , Preparações Farmacêuticas/urina , Poliestirenos/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/urina , Diclofenaco/química , Diclofenaco/urina , Humanos , Ibuprofeno/química , Ibuprofeno/urina , Limite de Detecção , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Águas Residuárias/química
14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(53): 7639-7642, 2019 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31198914

RESUMO

We describe an unexpected, cyclic supramolecular complex that results from self-assembly of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, diclofenac and 4,4'-azopyridine. The cycles self-assemble into 1D columns occupied by solvent, which can be removed at elevated temperatures (>100 °C) while retaining crystallinity. The complex exhibits solvent exchange ability that occurs through crystal-to-crystal transformations. Finally, the complex can be synthesized using mechanochemistry. Materials exhibiting the structural framework and robustness described here could be applied to removal of hazardous materials or undesirable solvents.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Diclofenaco/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Diclofenaco/síntese química , Substâncias Macromoleculares/síntese química , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular
15.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 84(2): 101-118, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216970

RESUMO

TRPA1 is a cation channel located on the plasma membrane of many types of human and animal cells, including skin sensory neurons and epithelial cells of the intestine, lungs, urinary bladder, etc. TRPA1 is the major chemosensor that also responds to thermal and mechanical stimuli. Substances that activate TRPA1, e.g., allyl isothiocyanates (pungent components of mustard, horseradish, and wasabi), cinnamaldehyde from cinnamon, organosulfur compounds from garlic and onion, tear gas, acrolein and crotonaldehyde from cigarette smoke, etc., cause burning, mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity, cough, eye irritation, sneezing, mucus secretion, and neurogenic inflammation. An increased activity of TRPA1 leads to the emergence of chronic pruritus and allergic dermatitis and is associated with episodic pain syndrome, a hereditary disease characterized by episodes of debilitating pain triggered by stress. TRPA1 is now considered as one of the targets for developing new anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs. This review summarizes information on the structure, function, and physiological role of this channel, as well as describes known TRPA1 ligands and their significance as therapeutic agents in the treatment of inflammation-associated pain.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Inflamação Neurogênica/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Canal de Cátion TRPA1/antagonistas & inibidores , Analgésicos/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Humanos , Ligantes , Estrutura Molecular , Inflamação Neurogênica/metabolismo , Dor/metabolismo , Canal de Cátion TRPA1/química , Canal de Cátion TRPA1/metabolismo
16.
Carbohydr Polym ; 220: 43-52, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196549

RESUMO

An environmentally friendly and low-cost material based on cellulose filter paper modified with ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) was designed to uptake and elute drugs for water purification. To carry out the work, a ß-CD derivative was first obtained through reaction of ß-CD with N-(hydroxymethyl) acrylamide (NMA), and then ß-CD-NMA was grafted on cellulose by means of the Fenton's reaction. The CD-grafted cellulose paper was characterized by ATR-FTIR analysis, SEM images, and mechanical properties. CD-functionalized (F1) and non-functionalized (NF) papers were tested in aqueous media containing an antibiotic (ciprofloxacin) or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (diclofenac) covering a wide range of salinity levels. Ciprofloxacin was similarly adsorbed by both papers through ionic interactions, while diclofenac was selectively and remarkably captured by the CD-functionalized filter (up to 25 mg g-1 from saline medium under biorelevant conditions; ca. 60 mg g-1 Langmuir isotherm model). Effects of diclofenac concentration, volume of medium, and incubation time on the amount adsorbed were investigated in detail. Elution tests involved the combination of several organic solvents and alkaline solutions and revealed that acetonitrile:NaOH 10 mM aq. solution (50:50, v/v) allows for an effective recovery of the previously trapped diclofenac. Application of ultrasounds shortened the process to 10 min. Reusability of F1 papers was also evaluated. Overall, the CD-grafted cellulose paper appears as a suitable material for bioremediation and analytical purposes.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Celulose/análogos & derivados , Ciclodextrinas/química , Diclofenaco/isolamento & purificação , Filtração/instrumentação , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Purificação da Água/instrumentação , Água/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Biodegradação Ambiental , Ciprofloxacino/química , Ciprofloxacino/isolamento & purificação , Diclofenaco/química , Salinidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
17.
Inorg Chem ; 58(13): 8787-8792, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247848

RESUMO

Highly efficient and selective removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) from wastewater is a great challenge and is significant. In this study, we chose UiO-66-R, which contains eight isostructural metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with variable functional groups (-R), as a platform for systemically investigating the influence of functionalization on its adsorption behavior with respect to three classic PPCPs. We conducted kinetic, modeling, and structure-function relationship studies on PPCP removal using MOFs. The adsorption kinetics, including the adsorption rate, affinity, and separation factor ( RL), were comprehensively analyzed and simulated. The design and function of MOFs can greatly promote their adsorption capacity and the efficiency of PPCPs. The structure-function relationship study revealed that hydrogen bonding, electrostatic, and π-π interactions between MOFs and PPCP molecules played important roles in the adsorption process and significantly influenced the adsorption efficiency. This study paves a new way for the application of MOFs with respect to the removal of PPCP pollution and provides guidance for the design of new porous materials for environmental treatment and separation applications.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Ácido 2,4-Diclorofenoxiacético/química , Adsorção , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Ácido Clofíbrico/química , Diclofenaco/química , Herbicidas/química , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/síntese química , Mutagênicos/química , Porosidade , Eletricidade Estática
18.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(6): 580-586, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155564

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to demonstrate the usefulness of T2 measurements conducted with a time-domain NMR (TD-NMR) for the characterization of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) containing solid dosage forms. A solid dispersion (SD) and a physical mixture (PM) consisting of indomethacin (IMC) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were prepared at different weight ratios as test samples, and then their T2 relaxation curves were measured by TD-NMR. The T2 relaxation curve of IMC was quite different from that of PVP by nature. T2 values of the SD and PM samples became gradually shortened with increasing IMC content. No difference in T2 relaxation curves was observed between SD and PM. By analyzing the T2 relaxation curves in detail, we succeeded in precisely quantifying the IMC contents incorporated in the samples. Next, this study evaluated the T2 relaxation curves of amorphous and crystalline states of powdered IMC. T2 relaxation rate of crystalline IMC was slightly but significantly higher than that of amorphous IMC, proving that the T2 measurement was sensitive enough to detect these differences. Finally, a thermal stress was imposed on SD and PM samples at 60°C for 7 d, and then an amorphous-to-crystalline transformation occurred in IMC in the PM sample and was successfully monitored by T2 measurement. We believe that T2 measurement by TD-NMR is a promising analysis for the characterization of APIs in solid dosage forms, including SD-based pharmaceuticals.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Indometacina/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Cristalização , Formas de Dosagem , Composição de Medicamentos , Temperatura Ambiente , Difração de Raios X
19.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 20(5): 204, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140011

RESUMO

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) have recently been getting a great deal of attention in many fields of science and technology. The objective of this study was to peruse the solubility of indomethacin (IMC) as sparingly soluble drug in some tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB)-based DESs (TBAB/ethylene glycol and TBAB/glycerol). The shake flask method has been employed in this study at temperature ranges T = (298.15-313.15) K and atmospheric pressure (pP = 86.6 kPa). The results showed that the solubility of IMC in TBAB/ethylene glycol system was obtained approximately 17,000-fold more than its solubility in water. The solubility data were accurately correlated by the famous local composition activity coefficient models including e-NRTL and UNIQUAC. It was also our aim to evaluate Hansen solubility parameters in IMC solubility prediction. These parameters can help to predict the solvent performance during the manufacturing processes and will be useful in guessing solvent behavior in many other fields of effort. The experimental and the Hansen solubility parameters results are very well matched. In addition, the apparent thermodynamic properties of dissolution and mixing were studied in these solutions based on Van't Hoff and Gibbs equations.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Indometacina/química , Modelos Químicos , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Temperatura Ambiente , Água/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Previsões , Indometacina/farmacocinética , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/farmacocinética , Solubilidade , Solventes , Termodinâmica
20.
Carbohydr Polym ; 217: 35-45, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079683

RESUMO

One of the most effective strategies to enhance the bioavailability and the therapeutic effect of hydrophobic drugs is the use of nanocarriers. We have used κ-carrageenan extracted from Kappaphycus alvarezii to produce oligocarrageenan via an enzymatic degradation process. Polycaprolactone (PCL) chains were grafted onto the oligocarrageenans using a protection/deprotection technique yielding polycaprolactone-grafted oligocarrageenan. The resulting amphiphilic copolymers formed spherical nanomicelles with a mean size of 187 ± 21 nm. Hydrophobic drugs such as curcumin were efficiently encapsulated in the micelles and released within 24-72 h in solution. The micelles were non-cytotoxic and facilitated the uptake of curcumin by endothelial EA-hy926 cells. They also increased the anti-inflammatory effect of curcumin in TNF-alpha-induced inflammation experiments. Finally, in vivo experiments supported a lack of toxicity in zebrafish and thus the potential use of polycaprolactone-grafted oligocarrageenan to improve the delivery of hydrophobic compounds to different organs, including liver, lung and brain as shown in mice.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Curcumina/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Micelas , Oligossacarídeos/química , Poliésteres/química , Acetilação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Carragenina/química , Carragenina/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular , Curcumina/química , Portadores de Fármacos/síntese química , Portadores de Fármacos/toxicidade , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Gammaproteobacteria/enzimologia , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Hidrólise , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Oligossacarídeos/síntese química , Oligossacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Oligossacarídeos/toxicidade , Oxazinas/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Poliésteres/síntese química , Poliésteres/toxicidade , Rodófitas/química , Rifampina/química , Peixe-Zebra
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA