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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3213-3220, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602874

RESUMO

A total of 27 endophytic fungal strains were isolated from Huperzia serrata,which were richly distributed in the stems and leaves while less distributed in roots. The 27 strains were identified by Internal Transcribed Spacer( ITS) r DNA molecular method and one of the strains belongs to Basidiomycota phylum,and other 26 stains belong to 26 species,9 general,6 families,5 orders,3 classes of Ascomycota Phylum. The dominant strains were Colletotrichum genus,belonging to Glomerellaceae family,Glomerellales order,Sordariomycetes class,Ascomycota Phylum,with the percentage of 48. 15%. The inhibitory activities of the crude extracts of 27 endophytic fungal strains against acetylcholinesterase( ACh E) and nitric oxide( NO) production were evaluated by Ellman's method and Griess method,respectively. Crude extracts of four fungi exhibited inhibitory activities against ACh E with an IC50 value of 42. 5-62. 4 mg·L~(-1),and some fungi's crude extracts were found to inhibit nitric oxide( NO) production in lipopolysaccharide( LPS)-activated RAW264. 7 macrophage cells with an IC50 value of 2. 2-51. 3 mg·L~(-1),which indicated that these fungi had potential anti-inflammatory activities.The chemical composition of the Et OAc extract of endophytic fungus HS21 was also analyzed by LCMS-IT-TOF. Seventeen compounds including six polyketides,four diphenyl ether derivatives and seven meroterpenoids were putatively identified.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/química , Ascomicetos/classificação , Huperzia/microbiologia , Acetilcolinesterase , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Ascomicetos/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores da Colinesterase/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores da Colinesterase/metabolismo , Endófitos/classificação , Endófitos/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Células RAW 264.7
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(13): 2675-2679, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359676

RESUMO

As an important integral part of traditional Chinese medicine chemical biology( TCMCB),it is of great importance to rapid isolate,and reliably identify the chemical components in herbal medicines. Phytochemical studies on the anti-inflammatory active part of Chinese dragon's blood,the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis,resulted in the isolation of two compounds,nordracophane( 1) and dracophane( 2),using LC-MS and chromatographic techniques( Silica gel,ODS and preparative HPLC). The structures,cyclic dihydrochalcane trimers,were elucidated on the basis of 1 D and 2 D NMR,MS,IR and UV spectral analysis. Compound 1 is a new compound,and 2 is isolated from D. cochinchinensis for the first time. Both compounds exhibited significant inhibition of nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharides( LPS)-stimulated RAW264. 7 cells with IC50 values of( 14. 9±4. 50) and( 9. 0±0. 7) µmol·L-1.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Dracaena , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(32): 8810-8818, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318199

RESUMO

Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck is a popular fruit cultivated around the world, and its peels are sometimes used for the treatment of cough, abdominal pain, and indigestion in China. However, the peel is discarded after fruit consumption in most cases, and its chemical constituents and biological activities have not been validated before. The present study focused on evaluation of the chemical and pharmacological profile of coumarins from peels of C. grandis against inflammation. The extracts and phytochemicals from peels of C. grandis were prepared, and anti-inflammatory activities were carried out in vivo and in vitro, including inhibiting xylene-induced ear edema and carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice and the production of inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 1ß, prostaglandin 2, and tumor-necrosis factor α) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells. Results indicated that methanolic extract, ethyl acetate fraction, and four major coumarins (compounds 7, 8, 13, and 16) inhibited swelling induced by xylene and carrageenan, separately, in vivo. Furthermore, 18 coumarins inhibited inflammatory factor secretion in macrophages primed by LPS, in which compounds 4, 6, 7, 10, 17 showed the most pronounced change, which were comparable to dexamethasone. In summary, peel of C. grandis showed an anti-inflammatory effect and coumarin compounds were responsible for regulating inflammatory mediators and cytokines, which might provide a novel nutritional strategy for inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Citrus/química , Cumarínicos/administração & dosagem , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Frutas/química , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Cumarínicos/química , Cumarínicos/isolamento & purificação , Dinoprostona/imunologia , Edema/genética , Edema/imunologia , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Células RAW 264.7 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Resíduos/análise
4.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104261, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284019

RESUMO

Three new sesquilignans, zijusesquilignans A-C (1-3), together with fifteen known compounds (4-18), were isolated from fruits of Ziziphus jujuba var. inermis Rehder (Rhamnaceae). Their chemical structures were established using spectroscopic analyses including 1D- and 2D-NMR, HR-EIMS, and ECD spectra. These compounds were assessed for their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production. Of these compounds, 1-3 and 17 displayed inhibitory effects on NO production, with IC50 values ranging from 18.1 to 66.4 µM. Pretreatment with 1 and 17 significantly suppressed LPS-induced expression of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein in cells. Moreover, compounds 1-3, 7, 9, and 17 exhibited cytotoxic activities against three human tumor cell lines, with IC50 values ranging from 8.4 to 44.9 µM.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Ziziphus/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Humanos , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , República da Coreia
5.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104265, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302252

RESUMO

The aromatic plants of Vitex negundo var. heterophylla are not only herb medicine but also a functional food and an industrial crop. Its leaves can be used as a functional food for improving human's health, but the previous studies mainly focused on the volatile constituents, lignans, and iridoids. Our research led to the isolation of four new terpenoids (1-4), together with fifteen known compounds including seven flavonoids (9-15), two jasmonates (7-8) and six terpenoids (5-6, 16-19) from the leaves. Among all these compounds, 1, 2, 11, and 19 exhibited strong inhibitory activity against NO production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 macrophage. The anti-inflammatory mechanism of the most active compound (2) is related to the inhibition of iNOS and COX-2, and the suppression of NF-κB pathway. Therefore, terpenoids and flavonoids from the leaves of Vitex negundo var. heterophylla might be used as potential anti-inflammatory candidates for developing medicine or value-added functional food.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Norisoprenoides/farmacologia , Vitex/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , China , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Norisoprenoides/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Células RAW 264.7
6.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104268, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31306720

RESUMO

Solanum nigrum L. (also called as European black nightshade) has been traditionally used as folk medicine and food in some regions. Phytochemical investigations of the immature fruits of S. nigrum yielded five steroidal alkaloid glycosides (1-5), including an unprecedented nor-spirosolane type steroidal alkaloid with a five-membered ring A (1) and two novel spirosolane type steroidal alkaloid glycosides (2, 3), together with eight known phenolic compounds (6-13). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical methods, including IR, NMR, HR-ESI-MS, and GC analyses. Five steroidal alkaloid glycosides were tested for their potential antiproliferative effects against HL-60, U-937, Jurkat, K562, and HepG2 cell lines and inhibitory activities on nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in a macrophage cell line RAW 264.7. Compound 1 exhibited significant inhibition on NO production with an IC50 value of 23.4 ±â€¯2.0 µM, compared to positive control indomethacin (IC50, 47.40 ±â€¯4.50 µM). Compound 4 exhibited significant cytotoxicity against all tested cell lines.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Solanum nigrum/química , Esteroides/farmacologia , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , China , Frutas/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Esteroides/isolamento & purificação
7.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104244, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220578

RESUMO

Five new caffeoyl cyclobutantetraol esters (1-5) and one hydroxycinnamoyl cyclobutantetraol ester (6), were isolated from Scindapsus officinalis (Roxb.) Schott, which were the first reported phenolic metabolites incorporating a cyclobutantetraol in nature. Structures of the isolated compounds, including absolute configurations, were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, especially 2D NMR techniques and exciton chirality CD (ECCD) method. All isolates were evaluated for cytotoxic activity toward MCF-7 human breast cancer cell, anti-inflammatory activity against nitric oxide (NO) production, and their antioxidative activity in the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl assay in vitro. Compound 1 showed strong antioxidative activity with IC50 value of 59.2 µM, and compounds 1-6 exhibited weak inhibitory effects on NO production, while hardly showing any cytotoxic effects against MCF-7 cell.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Araceae/química , Ésteres/farmacologia , Fenóis/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Ésteres/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7
8.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 131: 110545, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163222

RESUMO

This investigation explored a dietary therapy of pectic polysaccharide (CCPS) (2 mg/ Kg BW) against female repro-toxicity and infertility triggered by sodium arsenite (As3+) (10 mg/ Kg BW) in Wistar rats. The isolated CCPS consists of D-galactose and D-methyl galacturonate with a molar ratio of 1: 4. FTIR spectral analysis of CCPS and CCPS- sodium arsenite (As3+) complex indicated a possible chelating property of CCPS in presence of binding sites (OH-/COOH) for As3+. Series of negatively charged galacturonate residues in CCPS provide better potential for cation chelation. CCPS significantly mitigated As3+ induced ovarian, uterine lipid peroxidation, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by the restoration of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities. CCPS post-treatment enhanced ovarian steroidogenesis along with a restoration of normal tissue histoarchitecture in As3+ fed rats by regulating the estradiol receptor alpha (ER-α). CCPS suppressed anti-inflammatory properties effectively found since a down-regulation of NF-kappa B (NF-қB), pro-inflammatory tumor necrosis-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were observed in arsenicated rats with CCPS. This study confirmed the up-regulation of uterine pro-apoptotic/ apoptotic proteins caspase-3, poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), phospho p53 and Bax, followed by down-regulation of Bcl-2 and protein Kinase B (AKT) signaling pathway along with uterine tissue regeneration in As3+ exposed rats. Oral CCPS attenuated the above apoptotic expressional changes significantly and dietary CCPS ensured successful fertility with the birth of healthy pups in lieu of infertile condition in As3+ fed rats. Moreover, this study also supports that CCPS treatment attenuated the As3+ toxicity by modulating the S-adenosine methionine (SAM) pool components, B12, folate and homocysteine.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Infertilidade Feminina/tratamento farmacológico , Momordica charantia/química , Pectinas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Arsenitos , Catalase/metabolismo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Infertilidade Feminina/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Ovário/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pectinas/isolamento & purificação , Gravidez , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Sódio , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Útero/patologia
9.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 131: 110539, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158404

RESUMO

The chemical characterization and protective role against ethanol-induced gastric ulcerated rats of a polysaccharide fraction from Bletilla striata (BSP) collected by ultrafiltration membrane approach were evaluated. This BSP faction was consisted of mannose and glucose at a molar ratio of 2.4:1 approximately, with a molecular weight of 146 KDa. FT-IR, NMR and XRD spectra indicated that BSP faction contained α-Man and ß-Glc residues with low overall crystallinity. The polysaccharide exhibited significant scavenging activities of ABTS and FRAP, as well as non-toxicity against human gastric epithelial GES-1 cells. Oral administration with 100 mg/kg of BSP for 3 days continuously could significantly prevent the formation of ethanol-induced gastric mucosal lesion. It could also reduce the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-18, and MPO activity in gastric tissue. Additionally, the BSP faction exhibited antioxidant activity, increased the content of PEG2 as a defensive factor, and suppressed MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway in gastric tissue. These results indicated that the gastroprotective activity of BSP faction could be attributed to the reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress and the inhibition of MAPK/NF-κB pathways. Our results provided substantial evidence that BSP could be a promising phytomedicine for gastric ulcer prevention.


Assuntos
Fármacos Gastrointestinais/farmacologia , Orchidaceae/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/toxicidade , Linhagem Celular , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Etanol , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/toxicidade , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/toxicidade , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Polissacarídeos/toxicidade , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Úlcera Gástrica/induzido quimicamente , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
10.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 131: 110594, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226431

RESUMO

The phytochemical composition and the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of a mixture of 23 plants, named Horchata, traditionally consumed in Ecuador, have been evaluated. The study was carried out using the hydroalcoholic extract (HHext) and infusion (IHext) of the horchata plant mixture. It was verified that thermal treatment affected the contents of vitamin C and carotenoids, but hardly those of polyphenols, which would be the main bioactive compounds in the infusion, the common form of preparation of horchata for consumption. Among phenolic compounds, caffeoylquinic acids, flavones and flavonols (mostly quercetin glycosides) were prominent. Both HHext and IHext extracts managed to protect RAW 264.7 macrophages against LPS-induced cytotoxic damage, increasing the levels of endogenous antioxidant enzymes and modulating the production of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Greater protective effects were obtained for HHext compared to IHext, which was in agreement with its higher content of phenolic compounds favoured by a more efficient extraction in the hydroalcoholic medium. Nonetheless, the infusion still maintained a significant antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, which would support the protective effects on health traditionally attributed to its consumption by the population.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Carotenoides/análise , Equador , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Camundongos , Nitritos/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Plantas Medicinais/química , Polifenóis/análise , Células RAW 264.7 , Temperatura Ambiente , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
11.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104187, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153951

RESUMO

Four new compounds: diaporthichalasins A-C (1-3) and biatriosporin N (7), along with six known compounds (4-6 and 8-10) were separated from the culture of the fungus Diaporthe sp. GZU-1021. The absolute configurations of 1-3 were determined by quantum chemical calculations, X-ray diffraction, and spectroscopic analysis. The structure of 4 was analyzed by X-ray crystallography analysis for the first time. All of the isolates were evaluated on the production of nitric oxide in lipopolysaccharide-induced microglial cells (RAW 264.7 cells). Compounds 5-10 exhibited significant inhibitory effects against nitric oxide production with IC50 values from 1.94 to 16.5 µM than positive control (indomethacin, IC50 = 29.7 µM). This is the first time tetrahydroxanthone dimer (10), as a novel carbon skeleton possessing NO inhibitory activity, was reported.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Ascomicetos/química , Citocalasinas/farmacologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Policetídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Braquiúros/microbiologia , China , Citocalasinas/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Policetídeos/isolamento & purificação , Células RAW 264.7
12.
Mar Drugs ; 17(6)2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163615

RESUMO

Sea hares of Aplysia genus are recognized as a source of a diverse range of metabolites. 5α,8α-Endoperoxides belong to a group of oxidized sterols commonly found in marine organisms and display several bioactivities, including antimicrobial, anti-tumor, and immunomodulatory properties. Herein we report the isolation of 5α,8α-epidioxycholest-6-en-3ß-ol (EnP(5,8)) from Aplysia depilans Gmelin, based on bioguided fractionation and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis, as well as the first disclosure of its anti-inflammatory properties. EnP(5,8) revealed capacity to decrease cellular nitric oxide (NO) levels in RAW 264.7 macrophages treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) by downregulation of the Nos2 (inducible nitric oxide synthase, iNOS) gene. Moreover, EnP(5,8) also inhibited the LPS-induced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) at the mRNA and protein levels. Mild selective inhibition of COX-2 enzyme activity was also evidenced. Our findings provide evidence of EnP(5,8) as a potential lead drug molecule for the development of new anti-inflammatory agents.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Aplysia/química , Ésteres do Colesterol/química , Ésteres do Colesterol/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Fracionamento Químico , Ésteres do Colesterol/isolamento & purificação , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Células RAW 264.7
13.
Planta Med ; 85(11-12): 947-956, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163459

RESUMO

In this paper, the isolation of five new guaianolides (1:  - 5: ) and four (6:  - 9: ) known sesquiterpenes from Ormenis mixta aerial parts is reported. The structural determination of the guaianolides was obtained by NMR spectroscopic data, as well as MS experiments. Their relative configurations were assigned by a combined quantum mechanical/NMR approach, comparing the experimental 13C/1H NMR chemical shift data and 1 J H-H homonuclear coupling constants with the related predicted values. The isolates were assayed for their anti-inflammatory potential evaluating nitric oxide release and cyclooxygenase-2 expression in J774A.1 macrophages treated with lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli. Our results indicated that, among the tested compounds, 1:  - 3: , and 7: were able to inhibit nitric oxide release, while all were able to inhibit cyclooxygenase-2 expression with different potencies.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Camomila/química , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/química , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/isolamento & purificação
14.
Planta Med ; 85(11-12): 1016-1023, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31212319

RESUMO

Nectarine (Prunus persica var. nucipersica) is a worldwide appreciated edible subspecies, with a high nutritional value and benefits on human health due to its phenolic content. Despite the large consumption of the fruit, the potential use of its kernel is poorly studied. Herein, the potential pharmacological activities and the phenolic constituents of an alcoholic extract of kernel nectarine fruits were investigated. Administering nectarine kernel extract (50 and 100 mg/kg, respectively) in rats reduced paw edema after carrageenan injection by 11 and 47% in 1 h, 24 and 33% in 2 h, and 23 and 32% in 4 h, when compared to the controls. At the higher dose (100 mg/kg), nectarine kernel extract increased the reaction time in the hot-plate model and produced a significant decrease in the rectal temperature of the pyretic rats, while both doses produced 52 and 59% of writhing inhibition compared to the control group. Total polyphenolic (55.91 ± 5.78 mg/g) and flavonoid (29.89 ± 0.55 mg/g) content indicated that the extract is a promising source of these constituents. HPLC-ESI-MS/MS analysis demonstrated the presence of flavonoids, such as naringenin and apigenin glycosides. The cyanogenic glycosides amigdalin and prunasin were also detected. These results highlight the anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic activities of nectarine kernel alcoholic extract, together with significant phenolic content, promoting its exploitation as a source of bioactive molecules.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antipiréticos/farmacologia , Nozes/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Prunus persica/química , Analgésicos/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antipiréticos/isolamento & purificação , Colostro/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
15.
Chin J Nat Med ; 17(4): 308-320, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076135

RESUMO

The anti-inflammatory active ingredients of Zhi-Shi-Zhi-Zi-Chi-Tang (ZSZZCT), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, were predicted and identified using an approach based on activity index, LC-MS, semi-preparative LC and NMR. Firstly, the whole extract of ZSZZCT was analyzed using liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight-mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS) and liquid chromatography - ion trap mass spectrometry (LC-IT-MS), 79 constituents were detected and 39 constituents were identified unambiguously or tentatively. Subsequently, the whole extract of the formula was separated into multiple components and the activity index method was used to calculate index values of the 79 constituents by integrating the chemical and pharmacological information of multiple components. Four polymethoxyl flavones were predicted as the major active constituents according to the activity index values. Furthermore, three polymethoxyl flavones were prepared using the strategy with semi-preparative LC guided by LC-MS, and their anti-inflammatory activities were validated. The results show that three polymethoxyl flavones with higher positive index values, i.e., 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 3', 4'-heptamethoxyflavone, 3-hydroxynobiletein and tangeretin had significant anti-inflammatory effects. In conclusion, the predicted results indicated that the activity index method is feasible for the accurate prediction of active constituents in TCM formulae.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Flavonas/química , Flavonas/isolamento & purificação , Flavonas/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Células RAW 264.7
16.
Fitoterapia ; 136: 104170, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085308

RESUMO

A total of thirteen sesquiterpenoids with diverse skeletons including four new sesquiterpenoids, glandulosines A - D (1-4), a new natural product, glandulosine E (5), and eight known sesquiterpene lactones (6-13) were isolated from the roots of Cichorium glandulosum Boiss. et Huet (Asteraceae). Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic experiments including NMR, electronic circular dichroism (ECD), calculated ECD, Rh2(OCOCF3)4-induced ECD, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, as well as chemical methods. This is the first report of the crystal structure of 11ß,13-dihydrolactucin (11). Thirteen isolated sesquiterpenoids (1-13) were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activities in vitro, and three guaiane sesquiterpene lactones, glandulosine E (5), scorzoside (9), and lactucin (10) showed moderate inhibitory activity against LPS-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 macrophages.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Asteraceae/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , China , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
17.
Psychopharmacology (Berl) ; 236(5): 1653-1670, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119329

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Mycobacterium vaccae (NCTC 11659) is an environmental saprophytic bacterium with anti-inflammatory, immunoregulatory, and stress resilience properties. Previous studies have shown that whole, heat-killed preparations of M. vaccae prevent allergic airway inflammation in a murine model of allergic asthma. Recent studies also demonstrate that immunization with M. vaccae prevents stress-induced exaggeration of proinflammatory cytokine secretion from mesenteric lymph node cells stimulated ex vivo, prevents stress-induced exaggeration of chemically induced colitis in a model of inflammatory bowel disease, and prevents stress-induced anxiety-like defensive behavioral responses. Furthermore, immunization with M. vaccae induces anti-inflammatory responses in the brain and prevents stress-induced exaggeration of microglial priming. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying anti-inflammatory effects of M. vaccae are not known. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to identify and characterize novel anti-inflammatory molecules from M. vaccae NCTC 11659. METHODS: We have purified and identified a unique anti-inflammatory triglyceride, 1,2,3-tri [Z-10-hexadecenoyl] glycerol, from M. vaccae and evaluated its effects in freshly isolated murine peritoneal macrophages. RESULTS: The free fatty acid form of 1,2,3-tri [Z-10-hexadecenoyl] glycerol, 10(Z)-hexadecenoic acid, decreased lipopolysaccharide-stimulated secretion of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6 ex vivo. Meanwhile, next-generation RNA sequencing revealed that pretreatment with 10(Z)-hexadecenoic acid upregulated genes associated with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) signaling in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages, in association with a broad transcriptional repression of inflammatory markers. We confirmed using luciferase-based transfection assays that 10(Z)-hexadecenoic acid activated PPARα signaling, but not PPARγ, PPARδ, or retinoic acid receptor (RAR) α signaling. The effects of 10(Z)-hexadecenoic acid on lipopolysaccharide-stimulated secretion of IL-6 were prevented by PPARα antagonists and absent in PPARα-deficient mice. CONCLUSION: Future studies should evaluate the effects of 10(Z)-hexadecenoic acid on stress-induced exaggeration of peripheral inflammatory signaling, central neuroinflammatory signaling, and anxiety- and fear-related defensive behavioral responses.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/imunologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Mycobacterium/imunologia , Mycobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Estresse Psicológico/imunologia , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Animais , Ansiedade/induzido quimicamente , Ansiedade/imunologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/imunologia , Colite/prevenção & controle , Medo/efeitos dos fármacos , Medo/fisiologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos da Linhagem 129 , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/imunologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Estresse Psicológico/induzido quimicamente
18.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(6): e1900206, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081987

RESUMO

Three new 4,5-seco-20(10→5)-abeo-abietane diterpenoids, 16-hydroxysalvilenone (1), 15-hydroxysalprionin (2), and 11ß,15-dihydroxysalprionin-12-one (3), and nine known abietane diterpenoids, 4-12, along with one known sempervirane diterpenoid, hispidanol A (13), were isolated from the aerial parts of Isodon lophanthoides var. graciliflorus. The structures of compounds 1-3 were determined on the basis of spectroscopic methods including extensive analysis of NMR and mass spectroscopic data. All diterpenoids were tested for their TNF-α inhibitory effects on LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. Compound 9 (16-acetoxyhorminone) was the most potent with an IC50 value of 3.97±0.70 µm.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Diterpenos de Abietano/química , Isodon/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Diterpenos de Abietano/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos de Abietano/farmacologia , Isodon/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Células RAW 264.7
19.
Fitoterapia ; 135: 22-26, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946945

RESUMO

Four new sesquiterpenoids,including three nor-cinalbicane type sesquiterpenoids, named Jasminol A, G, H (1-3) and one eremophilene-type sesquiterpenoid, named Jasminol B (4) together with nine known compounds (5-13) were isolated from the stems of Jasminum officinale L. The structures of new compound were elucidated on the base of IR, HR-ESI-MS, 1D NMR, 2D NMR and DEPT analysis, and the absolute configurations were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In addition, the anti-inflammatory activity of isolated compounds was evaluated using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced murine macrophage RAW264.7, and compounds 1-4 exhibited a moderate inhibition of LPS-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW264.7 cells with IC50 values of 20.56 ±â€¯1.31, 30.12 ±â€¯0.89, 30.35 ±â€¯2.72 and 31.60 ±â€¯1.69 µM, respectively, and CC50 values >200 uM.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Jasminum/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Caules de Planta/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
20.
Mar Drugs ; 17(4)2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959843

RESUMO

Three new furanocembranoids-briaviodiol F (1) and briaviotriols A (2) and B (3)-along with a known analogue, briaviodiol A (4), were obtained from a cultured-type octocoral Briareum violaceum. The structures of cembranoids 1⁻3 were elucidated by using spectroscopic methods. In vitro study demonstrated that compounds 2 and 4 exerted inhibition effects on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) release from RAW 264.7, a macrophage cell line that originated from a mouse monocyte macrophage, stimulated with lipopolysaccharides.


Assuntos
Antozoários/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Células RAW 264.7
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