Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.932
Filtrar
1.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 5345-5360, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801693

RESUMO

Background: Soft corals have been endorsed as a plentiful source of bioactive compounds with promising anti-inflammatory activities; therefore, exploring their potential as source of anti-inflammatory metabolites has stimulated a growing research interest. Purpose: To investigate the anti-inflammatory potential of the soft coral, Nephthea sp., in its bulk and silver nanostructure. Metabolomics analysis of Nephthea sp., followed by molecular docking studies, was also conducted in order to explore and predict the secondary metabolites that might provide its inhibitory actions on inflammation. Materials and Methods: The petroleum ether and ethyl acetate fractions were used to synthesize silver nanoparticles. The prepared silver nanoparticles were characterized through UV-vis spectrophotometric, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses. Testing for the anti-inflammatory activity was performed against COX-1 and COX-2. Furthermore, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) based metabolomics analysis and molecular docking were also applied. Results: A variety of secondary metabolites were identified, among them, sesquiterpenes were found to prevail. The petroleum ether and acetone fractions of Nephthea sp. showed the highest COX-2 inhibitory activities, possibly attributable to their substantial contents of terpenoids. Additionally, the green synthesized silver nanoparticles of both the petroleum ether and ethyl acetate fractions of Nephthea sp. demonstrated higher anti-COX-2 properties. Conclusion: The obtained results showed the effectiveness of non-targeted metabolomics technique in metabolic profiling of Nephthea sp., helping the search for new bioactive metabolites in future chemical studies on this soft coral. The interesting anti-inflammatory potential of the tested extracts and their nanoparticles could also be relevant to the development of new, effective anti-inflammatory agents.


Assuntos
Antozoários/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Alcanos/química , Animais , Antozoários/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/síntese química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/farmacologia , Química Verde , Humanos , Metabolômica , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Metabolismo Secundário , Sesquiterpenos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
2.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4859-4876, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764923

RESUMO

Introduction: CoenzymeQ10 (CoQ10) is a well-known antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent with cardioprotective properties. However, clinical trials based on its oral administration have failed to provide significant effect on cardiac functionality. The main limitation of CoQ10 is based on its very low oral bioavailability and instability that limit dramatically its effects as a cardioprotective agent. Herein, we loaded CoQ10 in high bioavailable nano-emulsions (NEs) coated with chitosan or chitosan and hyaluronic acid in order to improve its performance. Methods: We tested cardioprotective and hepatoprotective effects of CoQ10-loaded nano-carriers against Doxorubicin and Trastuzumab toxicities in cardiomyocytes and liver cells through analysis of cell viability, lipid peroxidation, expression of leukotrienes, p65/NF-kB and pro-inflammatory cytokines involved in anticancer-induced cardio and hepatotoxicity. Results: Nano-carriers showed high stability and loading ability and increased cell viability both in hepatocytes and cardiomyocytes during anticancer treatments. We observed that these effects are mediated by the inhibition of lipid peroxidation and reduction of the inflammation. CoQ10-loaded nano-emulsions showed also strong anti-inflammatory effects reducing leukotriene B4 and p65/NF-κB expression and Interleukin 1ß and 6 production during anticancer treatments. Discussion: Anthracyclines and Human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2) inhibitors have shown significant anticancer effects in clinical practice but their use is characterized by cardiotoxicity and hepatotoxicity. Nano-carriers loaded with CoQ10 showed cardio and hepatoprotective properties mediated by reduction of oxidative damages and pro-inflammatory mediators. These results set the stage for preclinical studies of cardio and hepatoprotection in HER2+ breast cancer-bearing mice treated with Doxorubicin and Trastuzumab.


Assuntos
Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Fígado/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanoestruturas/química , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Cápsulas , Cardiotônicos/química , Cardiotônicos/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Ubiquinona/química , Ubiquinona/farmacologia
3.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234157, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516332

RESUMO

Brazilian native fruits are a rich source of polyphenolic compounds that can act as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agents. Here, we determined the polyphenolic composition, anti-inflammatory mechanism of action, antioxidant activity and systemic toxicity in Galleria mellonella larvae of Eugenia selloi B.D.Jacks. (synonym Eugenia neonitida Sobral) extract (Ese) and its polyphenol-rich fraction (F3) obtained through bioassay-guided fractionation. Phenolic compounds present in Ese and F3 were identified by LC-ESI-QTOF-MS. The anti-inflammatory activity of Ese and F3 was tested in vitro and in vivo through NF-κB activation, cytokine release and neutrophil migration assays. The samples were tested for their effects against reactive species (ROO•, O2•-, HOCl and NO•) and for their toxicity in Galleria mellonella larvae model. The presence of hydroxybenzoic acid, ellagitannins and flavonoids was identified. Ese and F3 reduced NF-κB activation, cytokine release and neutrophil migration, with F3 being three-fold more potent. Overall, F3 exhibited strong antioxidant effects against biologically relevant radicals, and neither Ese nor F3 were toxic to G. mellonella larvae. In conclusion, Ese and F3 revealed the presence of phenolic compounds that decreased the inflammatory parameters evaluated and inhibited reactive oxygen/nitrogen species. E. selloi is a novel source of bioactive compounds that may provide benefits for human health.


Assuntos
Eugenia/química , Frutas/química , Polifenóis/química , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/toxicidade , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiocina CXCL2/metabolismo , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/toxicidade , Lepidópteros/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Polifenóis/toxicidade , Células RAW 264.7 , Espécies Reativas de Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
4.
Food Chem ; 330: 127244, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526652

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to simultaneously evaluate anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities of the hop extracts by different solvents. Hop water extract (HWE) and hop ethanol extracts (HEEs) were prepared by extracting hop pellets with hot water at 90 °C and ethanol solutions (55%, 75%, and 95%), respectively. Bioactive compound such as α-acid, ß-acid, total phenolic, and total flavonoid contents were determined. All the HEEs showed higher anti-oxidative activities than the HWEs. The HEEs showing the highest anti-oxidative activities are different in the experiments with different free radicals. For anti-inflammatory activities, both the HWE and HEEs decreased NO productions. HWE decreased TNF-α and IL-6 secretion but showed no effect on IL-1ß, while HEEs decreased IL-1ß and IL-6 secretion but increased TNF-α secretion. Except for TNF-α secretion, the HEEs showed higher anti-inflammatory activities than the HWE. Future work is to explore the possible mechanism to improve the ethanol extraction procedure.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Antioxidantes/química , Humulus/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/química , Camundongos , Oxirredução , Fenóis/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
5.
Food Chem ; 328: 127169, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32485580

RESUMO

For a long time, honey has been recognized for its health-promoting properties and, consequently, has been used in traditional medicine worldwide. Apart from the beneficial bioactive compounds found in this food (e.g. polyphenols), molecules with potentially harmful effects may also be present, such as pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Aiming the quality assessment of honeys produced from Echium plantagineum L., a species known for its content in pyrrolizidine alkaloids, this work was focused in the search of these alkaloids and of polyphenols in one monofloral and two multifloral honeys, using chromatographic techniques. Additionally, their cytotoxicity and anti-inflammatory potential were assessed in cellular models. Several polyphenols were determined, but no pyrrolizidine alkaloid was detected in the analysed honey samples. Honey extracts exhibited capacity to decrease NO levels in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated murine macrophage-like cells (RAW 264.7) up to 40% at concentrations of 0.25 mg/mL. Therefore, this work highlights the health benefits of these honey samples.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Echium , Mel/análise , Polifenóis/análise , Alcaloides de Pirrolizidina/análise , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Humanos , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Pólen/química , Portugal , Células RAW 264.7
6.
Prostate ; 80(11): 859-871, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32460430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brazilian berry is a fruit popularly known as "Jaboticaba," rich in bioactive compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Senescence and overweight are increasing worldwide and are considered risk factors to prostatic pathogenesis mainly due to oxidative and inflammatory processes induction. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of two increasing doses of the patented jaboticaba peel extract (PJE) on oxidative-stress and inflammation in the prostate of aging or high-fat-fed aging mice. METHODS: PJE and/or high-fat diet (HFD) treatments started with 11-month-old mice and lasted 60 days. The levels or the immunoexpression of different inflammatory (nuclear factor κB [NFκB], CD3+, cyclooxygenase 2 [COX-2], toll-like receptor 4 [TLR4], phosphorylated signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 [pSTAT-3], tumor necrosis factor α [TNF-α], interleukin 6 [IL-6], and IL-1ß) and oxidative-stress (catalase, superoxide dismutase 2 [SOD2], glutathione reductase [GSR], reduced glutathione, and glutathione peroxidase 3 [GPx3]) related molecules were analyzed by western-blotting, immunohistochemistry, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. RESULTS: Both PJE doses reduced the levels of oxidative-stress-related molecules (GPx3, GSR, catalase), lipid peroxidation (4-hydroxynonenal), inflammatory mediators (COX-2, TNF-α, and pSTAT-3) and CD3+ T cells number, which were associated with the maintenance of the glandular morphological integrity in aging and HFD-fed-aging mice. Nevertheless, only the high PJE dose reduced the NFκB and TLR4 levels in aging mice; and SOD2, IL-6, and IL-1ß levels in HFD-aging mice. Aging itself promoted an oxidative inflammation in the prostate, interfering in the levels of the different oxidative-stress, lipid peroxidation, and inflammatory mediators evaluated, in association with high incidence of prostate epithelial and stromal damages. The HFD intake intensified aging alterations, showing an unfavorable prostatic microenvironment prone to oxidative and inflammatory damages. CONCLUSIONS: PJE exerted a dose-dependent effect controlling inflammation and oxidative-stress in aging and HFD-fed aging mice prostate. This fact contributed to prostate microenvironment balance recovery, preserving the tissue architecture of this gland. Thus, the PJE emerges as a potential therapy to prevent inflammation and oxidative stress in the prostate.


Assuntos
Frutas/química , Myrtaceae/química , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Prostatite/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Etários , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/biossíntese , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/imunologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Prostatite/imunologia , Prostatite/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/imunologia
7.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1195: 137-148, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468468

RESUMO

In the present work a series of N'-arylidene-2-(benzamido)-3-(naphthalen-2-yl)acrylohydrazides were synthesized by refluxing the intermediate 2-(benzamido)-3-(naphthalen-2-yl)acrylohydrazide with various substituted benzaldehyde in the presence of glacial acetic acid. The intermediate 2-(benzamido)-3-(naphthalen-2-yl)acrylohydrazide 2 was prepared by stirring 4-((naphthalen-2-yl)methylene)-2-phenyloxazol-5(4H)-one with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of absolute ethanol. The chemical structures of the compounds were established by IR, 1H NMR and mass spectral data. All the compounds were evaluated for anti-inflammatory (in vivo, in vitro) activity and performed docking against COX-2. The compounds 3a, 3c and 3o showed good inhibition of COX-2 in in vitro studies (0.75 µM, 0.5 µM and 0.7 µM as IC50, respectively). The compounds 3c, 3e and 3f were found to be more active than standard drug phenylbutazone at equidose. Molecular docking studies showed that compound 3 m exhibited good binding affinity against COX-2 with docking score 9.328 kcal/mol, when compared to the standard celecoxib.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Hidrazonas/síntese química , Hidrazonas/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/síntese química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Hidrazonas/química , Hidrazonas/uso terapêutico , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
8.
Phytomedicine ; 71: 153203, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32402913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease whose etiology is complicated. Total glucosides of paeony (TGP) has a variety of pharmacological effects. PURPOSE: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of TGP on SS in mice and anti-inflammatory mechanism. STUDY DESIGN: SS animal model was developed from C57BL/6J mice through immunological induction (SS mice) and NOD/ShiltJNju (NOD) mice. Inflammatory cytokines and other related indicators were measured. METHODS: TGP (720, 360, 180 mg/kg) was intragastrically administered for 6 or 16 weeks for SS mice and NOD mice, respectively. Average food and water intake, average body weight, saliva flow, submandibular gland (SMG) and spleen index, and SMG pathology were measured. ELISA was used to evaluate serum inflammatory cytokines in SS mice and autoantigens in NOD mice. Real-time PCR, Western blot and Luminex liquid suspension chip assay were applied to analyze SMG inflammatory cytokines mRNA and protein expression of NOD mice. RESULTS: Compared with SS mice, TGP treatment improved SMG pathological damage. TGP (720 mg/kg) treatment increased saliva flow, and reduced organ indexes and serum IL-6 and IFN-γ concentration. TGP (360 mg/kg) treatment decreased serum IFN-γ concentration. TGP (180 mg/kg) treatment for 6 weeks decreased average body weight. Compared with NOD mice, TGP treatment increased saliva flow from 9 to 15 weeks, decreased body weight, and alleviated pathological damage of SMG after 2 and 16 weeks. After 2 weeks of administration, TGP treatment inhibited serum concentration of SSB/La, SSA/Ro and α-fodrin, decreased TNF-α, IL-1ß and IFN-γ in SMG, and down-regulated protein expressions of BAFF and IL-17A and mRNA expressions of BAFF, TNF-α, IL-17A, CXCL9 and CXCL13 in SMG. After 8 weeks of administration, TGP treatment decreased the concentration of α-fodrin in serum, TNF-α and IL-6 in SMG, and down-regulated mRNA expressions of IL-17A, TNF-α, CXCL9, CXCL13 and BAFF and protein expressions of IL-17A and BAFF in SMG. After 16 weeks of administration, TGP treatment reduced serum SSA/Ro, SSB/La and α-fodrin concentration, and decreased BAFF protein expression and TNF-α, CXCL9, CXCL13, IL-17A, and BAFF mRNA expressions. CONCLUSION: TGP has a certain therapeutic effect on SS mice and NOD mice through inhibiting inflammatory responses.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Paeonia/química , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Saliva/efeitos dos fármacos , Síndrome de Sjogren/patologia , Glândula Submandibular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândula Submandibular/patologia
9.
Phytomedicine ; 71: 153240, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450461

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bioflavonoids, secondary metabolites of plants, are beneficial in regulating human physiological mechanisms. Bioflavonoids majorly exist in the dietary intake of fruits, vegetables, legumes, pulses, etc. In addition to their cardio-protective and neuroprotective activities, they also possess prominent pharmacological effects including anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative and anti-thrombogenic actions. However, therapeutic efficacy of the bioflavonoids is hampered by their lipophilic nature, low solubility and variable bioavailability which catch the eyes of formulation scientists. PURPOSE: Nanocrystal formulations were studied for many bioflavonoids, although enough attention has not been given to their commercial exploitation, unlike drug nanocrystals. Nanocrystals of bioflavonoid can be prepared by top-down technique, bottom-up technique or combination of both. This review primarily focuses on nanocrystal technology for bioflavonoids, methods of production, critical process parameters, in vitro and in vivo studies conducted to evaluate the efficiency. METHOD: The detailed literature survey was systematically carried out using different electronic databases. It includes Scopus, Web of Science, Medline via PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar. Also up-to-date patent search was conducted to understand the prior art and available intellectual properties. RESULT AND CONCLUSION: It was observed that several formulation and process parameters have an impact on flavonoids nanocrystals and their therapeutic efficacy. Also, clinical studies of flavonoid nanocrystals are barely done so far and thus, substantial safety and efficacy data is necessary for its commercial applications. Nevertheless, nanocrystals can be explored as a promising technology platform for improving overall therapeutic performance of flavonoids in future.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/química , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/farmacologia , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Solubilidade
10.
Phytomedicine ; 71: 153233, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32454348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Xanthohumol is known to exert anti-inflammatory properties but has poor oral bioavailability. Using advanced micellization technology, it has been possible to markedly enhance its bioavailability. PURPOSE: In the present study, we compared the chronic anti-inflammatory activities of native and micellar xanthohumol in the rat adjuvant arthritis model, using diclofenac as a reference drug. METHODS: Adjuvant arthritis was induced by injecting Freund's complete adjuvant into the right hind paw of rats and monitoring paw volume over 3 weeks. The drugs were given daily for 3 weeks, starting from the day of adjuvant inoculation. Serum was collected at the end of the experiment to measure inflammatory and oxidative stress parameters. Statistical comparisons between different groups were carried out by one-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey-Kramer multiple comparison test. RESULTS: Micellar solubilized xanthohumol showed a better anti-inflammatory activity than its native form. The reduction in paw volume was reflected in corresponding changes in relevant mediators of inflammation like tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein, myloperoxidase and lipid peroxidation markers. CONCLUSION: The findings confirm that micellar solubilization of xanthohumol enhances its anti-inflammatory activity, probably as a result of improving its bioavailabilty. The solubilized xanthohumol may prove to be a promising adjuvant tool for anti-inflammatory treatment and a potential anti-inflammatory alternative to synthetic drugs.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Propiofenonas/química , Propiofenonas/farmacologia , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/química , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacocinética , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Disponibilidade Biológica , Feminino , Flavonoides/farmacocinética , Adjuvante de Freund/efeitos adversos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Micelas , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Propiofenonas/farmacocinética , Ratos Wistar , Solubilidade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
11.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(3): 289-299, mayo 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116296

RESUMO

Piper kadsura (Choisy) Ohwi which belongs to the family Piperaceae, is a well-known medicinal plant possessing high medicinal and various therapeutic properties. It is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of asthma and rheumatic arthritis. Numerous studies on this species have also corroborated the significant anti-inflammatory potential of its extracts and secondary metabolites. The main chemical constituents which have been isolated and identified from P. kadsura are lignans and neolignans, which possess anti-inflammatory activities. The present article aims to provide a review of the studies done on the phytochemistry and antiinflammatory activities of P. kadsura. The scientific journals for this brief literature review were from electronic sources, such as Science Direct, PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science. This review is expected to draw the attention of the medical professionals and the general public towards P. kadsura and to open the door for detailed research in the future.


Piper kadsura (Choisy) Ohwi, perteneciente a la familia Piperaceae, es una planta medicinal conocida que posee importantes propiedades medicinales y diversas propiedades terapéuticas. Es ampliamente utilizada en la medicina tradicional china para el tratamiento del asma y la artritis reumática. Numerosos estudios sobre esta especie también han corroborado el destacado potencial antiinflamatorio de sus extractos y metabolitos secundarios. Los principales componentes químicos que se han aislado e identificado de P. kadsura son los lignanos y los neolignanos, que poseen actividades antiinflamatorias. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo proporcionar una revisión de los estudios realizados sobre las actividades fitoquímicas y antiinflamatorias de P. kadsura. Las revistas científicas para esta breve revisión de literatura fueron de fuentes electrónicas, como Science Direct, PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus y Web of Science. Se espera que esta revisión atraiga la atención de los profesionales médicos y el público en general respecto de P. kadsura y abra la puerta a una investigación detallada en el futuro.


Assuntos
Piper/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Plantas Medicinais , Óleos Voláteis/química , Lignanas/análise , Piperaceae/química , Kadsura , Alcaloides/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
12.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233644, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469940

RESUMO

Cytotoxic and pro-inflammatory histones are present in neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) and are elevated in blood in several inflammatory conditions, sepsis being a major example. Compounds which can attenuate activities of histones are therefore of interest, with heparin being one such material that has previously been shown to bind to histones. Heparin, a successful anticoagulant for nearly a century, has been shown experimentally to bind to histones and exhibit a protective effect in inflammatory conditions. In the present study carried out in whole blood, heparin and selectively desulfated heparin reduced histone induced inflammatory markers such as interleukin 6 (IL 6), interleukin 8 (IL 8) and tissue factor and C3a, a complement component. The selectively desulfated heparins, with reduced anticoagulant activities, retained a high degree of effectiveness as an anti-histone agent, whereas fully desulfated heparin was found to be ineffective. The results from this study indicate that the presence of sulfate and other specific structural features are required for heparin to attenuate the inflammatory action of histones in whole blood.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Heparina/farmacologia , Histonas/imunologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anticoagulantes/química , Complemento C3a/análise , Complemento C3a/imunologia , Heparina/análogos & derivados , Histonas/sangue , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/imunologia , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Interleucina-8/sangue , Interleucina-8/imunologia
13.
Phytomedicine ; 69: 153201, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32276177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Marine algae are rich in some unique biologically active secondary metabolites having diverse pharmacological benefits. Of these, sterols comprise a group of functional lipid compounds that have attracted much attention to natural product scientists. PURPOSE: This review was aimed to update information on the health effects of algae-derived phytosterols and their molecular interactions in various aspects of human health and diseases and to address some future perspectives that may open up a new dimension of pharmacological potentials of algal sterols. METHODS: A literature-based search was carried out to retrieve published research information on the potential health effects of algal phytosterols with their pharmacological mechanisms from accessible online databases, such as Pubmed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus, using the key search terms of 'marine algae sterol' and 'health potentials such as antioxidant or anti-inflammatory or anti-Alzheimer's or anti-obesity or cholesterol homeostasis or hepatoprotective, antiproliferative, etc.' RESULTS: Phytosterols of marine algae, particularly fucosterol, have been investigated for a plethora of health benefits, including anti-diabetes, anti-obesity, anti-Alzheimer's, antiaging, anticancer, and hepatoprotection, among many others, which are attributed to their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and cholesterol-lowering properties, indicating their potentiality as therapeutic leads. These sterols interact with enzymes and various other proteins that are actively participating in different cellular pathways, including antioxidant defense system, apoptosis and cell survival, metabolism, and homeostasis. CONCLUSION: In this review, we briefly overview the chemistry, pharmacokinetics, and distribution of algal sterols, and provide critical insights into their potential health effects and the underlying pharmacological mechanisms, beyond the well-known cholesterol-lowering paradigm.


Assuntos
Fitosteróis/química , Fitosteróis/farmacologia , Alga Marinha/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Organismos Aquáticos , Colesterol/metabolismo , Humanos , Feófitas/química , Fitosteróis/análise , Fitosteróis/farmacocinética , Rodófitas/química , Estigmasterol/análogos & derivados , Estigmasterol/farmacologia , Distribuição Tecidual
14.
J Food Sci ; 85(5): 1586-1595, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267971

RESUMO

Radix Tetrastigma (RT) is a medicinal plant and functional food in China, distributed in various places in the south of China. Radix Tetrastigma extract (RTE) from different origins were collected and analyzed for their anti-inflammatory effects. Different RTEs showed different abilities to suppress shape deformation, decrease the nitric oxide (NO) production, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in RAW 264.7 cells. Subsequently, their bioactive components were compared, and results showed RTEs are rich in flavonoid (85.25-436.70 mg RE/g DW), polysaccharides (100.45-349.26 mg glucose/g DW), phenolic (12.92-225.40 mg GAE/g DW) and protein contents (4.429-7.719 mg/g DW). Principal component analysis (PCA) and correlation studies indicated that anti-inflammatory capacity could be more associated with total flavonoid contents. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and Ultraperformance liquid chromatography-time-of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-TOF/MS) analysis were conducted, and results showed that rutin, isoquercitrin, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside and astragalin were main flavonoid compounds, among them astragalin exhibited a prior protective effect, suggesting it might be responsible for RTE's excellent anti-inflammatory capacity.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Vitaceae/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/imunologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/imunologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Substâncias Protetoras/química , Células RAW 264.7
15.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 102, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Panch phoron is a mixture of five spices containing an equal proportion of Foeniculum vulgare (fennel), Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn (fenugreek), Nigella sativa (black cumin), Cuminum cyminum (cumin) and Brassica nigra (black mustard). The mixture is commonly used in Bangladeshi cuisine and possesses many pharmacological effects. In this study, we evaluated the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of aqueous panch phoron extract (PPE) in vivo, its possible mechanism of action and phytochemical analysis by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). We also investigated the effect of PPE on postoperative pain in mice. METHODS: HPLC was carried out using LC-20A Modular HPLC system to identify the bioactive compounds present in PPE. Five groups of Swiss albino male mice (n = 6 per group) were orally treated with 10 ml/kg of distilled water or 10 mg/kg of sodium diclofenac or three doses of PPE (100 mg/kg, 300 mg/kg, 500 mg/kg). In vivo assessment was carried out by the writhing test, tail-flick test, formalin test, and carrageenan induced paw edema test. The opioid antagonist, naloxone was used in the acetic acid test to evaluate the involvement of opioid receptors. To assess the effect of PPE in postoperative pain, mice that underwent sciatic nerve surgery were measured for the paw withdrawal latency in a hot water bath. RESULTS: In HPLC analysis, different types of phenolic compounds and flavonoids, including catechin hydrate, para-coumaric acid, vanillic acid, and syringic acid were detected. Treatment with PPE exhibited dose-dependent antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities in pain models (p < 0.05). Furthermore, naloxone did not reverse the effect of PPE in the writhing test. Mice that underwent sciatic nerve surgery showed that the paw withdrawal latency increased gradually over 7 days. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that PPE has significant antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities and can provide significant postoperative analgesia.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Especiarias , Analgésicos/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Bangladesh , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Masculino , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Sementes/química
16.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 109, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32276586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ligularia fischeri (Ledeb) Turcz (LFT) is a well-known expectorant and active anti-inflammatory agent in Chinese traditional medicine. LFT's expectorant effect is closely related to its anti-inflammatory effects. This study aimed to evaluate the differential composition and anti-inflammatory mechanisms of the volatile components in LFT from different production areas. METHOD: Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of volatile components, as well as chemometric methods, including similarity analysis, hierarchical clustering analysis, and principal component analysis, were performed to identify LFT produced in different areas. The molecular mechanism underlying the anti-inflammatory effects of these components was determined by network pharmacology analysis. RESULTS: We observed significant differences in the chemical constituents and percentage contents in samples with different origins. Eighteen volatile components were identified in four different producing areas, among which the highest content of olefinic components was the main component of the aroma of LFT. The mechanisms of these pharmacological effects involved multiple targets and pathways. Twenty-seven potential target proteins and 65 signaling pathways were screened, and a "component-target-disease" interaction network map was constructed. The volatile components of the LFT function mainly by inhibiting the production of inflammatory factors. CONCLUSION: This study provides a theoretical framework for further development and application of LFT used in traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Ligularia/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , China , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química
17.
Mar Drugs ; 18(4)2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32331404

RESUMO

Further chemical investigation of the EtOAc extract of the soft coral Lobophytum varium resulted in the discovery of eleven new diterpenoids lobovarols F-P (1-11) of lobane- and prenyleudesmane-types, along with two known metabolites (12 and 13). The structures of the new metabolites were established by spectroscopic analyses, including 2D NMR experiments. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined using Mosher's method. The complete assignment of 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic data of 12 and 13 and the identification of pyran-derived moieties in the prenyleudesmanes were reported for the first time. Anti-inflammatory activities of the isolated compounds in suppressing elastase release and superoxide anion generation in human neutrophils were disclosed for 1, 2, 4, 12, and 13. A stereospecific biosynthesis for lobanes and prenyleudesmanes from the related prenylgermacranes could explain the coexistence of lobanes and prenylgermacranes in L. varium.


Assuntos
Antozoários/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Humanos , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Elastase Pancreática/metabolismo , Estereoisomerismo , Superóxidos/metabolismo
18.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 689: 108307, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112739

RESUMO

5-lipoxygenase is a key enzyme in the synthesis of leukotrienes from arachidonic acid. The produced leukotrienes are involved in inflammatory diseases including psoriasis, asthma, and atherosclerosis. A suitable 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor might be useful for preventing and improving the symptoms of leukotriene-related inflammatory diseases. Here, we investigate the mechanism underlying the anti-inflammatory effect of a proanthocyanidin found in red-kerneled rice. Red-kerneled rice proanthocyanidin exhibited potent mixed noncompetitive inhibition of human and rat 5-lipoxygenases, with an IC50 values of 15.1 µM against human enzyme, and 7.0 µM against rat enzyme, respectively. This compound decreased leukotriene B4 production in rat basophilic leukemia-2H3 cells. In imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like mouse skin, topical application of the proanthocyanidin suppressed hyperplasia, decreased inflammatory cell infiltration, and down-regulated expression of the psoriasis-associated genes Il17a, Il22, S100a9, and Krt1. Lipid metabolome analysis by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry showed that red-kerneled rice proanthocyanidin treatment of psoriasis-like mouse skin dose-dependently decreased the production of leukotriene B4 but no other arachidonate metabolites. Red-kerneled rice proanthocyanidin inhibits 5-lipoxygenase, resulting in a decrease in leukotriene B4 production and psoriasis-like mouse skin inflammation. These results suggest that this proanthocyanidin may be therapeutically effective for treating leukotriene-related diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Araquidonato 5-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/uso terapêutico , Proantocianidinas/uso terapêutico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/química , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Oryza/química , Proantocianidinas/química , Psoríase/metabolismo , Ratos
19.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 2432918, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32215169

RESUMO

The present study was directed to investigate the effect of precotreatment with (E)-N'-(1-(7-hydroxy-2-oxo-2H-chromen-3-yl) ethylidene) benzohydrazide (7-hyd.HC), a novel potent synthesized coumarin, on isoproterenol- (ISO-) induced myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. The hydrazone compound was characterized by IR, 1D, and 2D NMR analyses. Experimental induction of MI in rats was established by ISO (85 mg/kg/day, s.c) for two consecutive days (6th and 7th days). 7-hyd.HC or sintrom was given for 7 days prior and simultaneous to ISO injection. 7-hyd.HC offered a cardiopreventive effect by preventing heart injury marker leakage (LDH, ALT, AST, CK-MB, and cTn-I) from cardiomyocytes and normalizing cardiac function and ECG pattern, as well as improving lipid profile (TC, TG, LDL-C, and HDL-C), which were altered by ISO administration. Moreover, 7-hyd.HC precotreatment significantly mitigated the oxidative stress biomarkers, as evidenced by the decrease of lipid peroxidation and the increased level of the myocardial GSH level together with the SOD, GSH-Px, and catalase activities. 7-hyd.HC inhibited the cardiac apoptosis by upregulating the expression of Bcl-2 and downregulating the expression of Bax and caspase-3 genes. In addition, 7-hyd.HC reduced the elevated fibrinogen rate and better prevented the myocardial necrosis and improved the interstitial edema and neutrophil infiltration than sintrom. Overall, 7-hyd.HC ameliorated the severity of ISO-induced myocardial infarction through improving the oxidative status, attenuating apoptosis, and reducing fibrinogen production. The 7-hyd.HC actions could be mediated by its antioxidant, antiapoptotic, and anti-inflammatory capacities.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Benzopiranos/uso terapêutico , Cumarínicos/uso terapêutico , Hidrazonas/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzopiranos/síntese química , Benzopiranos/química , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cumarínicos/síntese química , Cumarínicos/química , Hidrazonas/síntese química , Hidrazonas/química , Inflamação/metabolismo , Isoproterenol/toxicidade , Masculino , Estrutura Molecular , Infarto do Miocárdio/induzido quimicamente , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Med Chem ; 63(8): 4090-4106, 2020 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202425

RESUMO

Fatty-acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) is a promising therapeutic target for immunometabolic diseases, while its potential for systemic inflammatory response syndrome treatment has not been explored. Here, a series of 2-(phenylamino)benzoic acids as novel and potent FABP4 inhibitors are rationally designed based on an interesting fragment that adopts multiple binding poses within FABP4. A fusion of these binding poses leads to the design of compound 3 with an ∼460-fold improvement in binding affinity compared to the initial fragment. A subsequent structure-aided optimization upon 3 results in a promising lead (17) with the highest binding affinity among all the inhibitors, exerting a significant anti-inflammatory effect in cells and effectively attenuating a systemic inflammatory damage in mice. Our work therefore presents a good example of lead compound discovery derived from the multiple binding poses of a fragment and provides a candidate for development of drugs against inflammation-related diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Células 3T3 , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/administração & dosagem , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica/fisiologia , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Pirazóis/química , Pirazóis/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA