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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5015-5024, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Despite being a rare disease, melanoma is considered the most dangerous skin cancer due to its highly invasive and aggressive nature, and still requires for more effective treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro anti-melanoma potential of Ephedranthus pisocarpus R.E.Fr. (Annonaceae), a popular Brazilian plant with medicinal properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initially, the ethanolic extract (EtOH) was obtained from E. pisocarpus leaves and later partitioned using increasing polarity solvents. The anti-melanoma potential of E. pisocarpus was assessed by spectrophotometry and its cytotoxicity determined by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and confocal microscopy. RESULTS: We demonstrated that the EtOH extract and fractions from E. pisocarpus had a moderate photoprotective action (FPS 3.0-5.0) against UVA radiation. Interestingly, the dichloromethane fraction presented higher anti-melanoma activity against B16-F10 (IC50=46.8 µg/ml) and SK-MEL-28 cells (IC50=40.1 µg/ml) and lesser toxicity on normal cells. Additionally, our study reported that spathulenol, one of the major constituents from E. pisocarpus, acts through an apoptosis-dependent mechanism in SK-MEL-28 cells. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated, for the first time, the in vitro anti-melanoma potential of E. pisocarpus against melanoma cells.


Assuntos
Annonaceae/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Brasil , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Hemólise , Humanos , Melanoma Experimental , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5097-5106, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Accumulating evidence has shown therapeutic effects of herbals on breast cancer, a commonly diagnosed malignancy in women worldwide. However, their underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We aimed to explore the mode of action of a recently developed herbal combination at system-level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We employed network pharmacological approaches to study the mechanism of a combination of three herbals, Astragalus membranaceus, Angelica gigas and Trichosanthes kirilowii by investigating active compounds and performing functional enrichment analysis for the interacting targets. RESULTS: For in silico pharmacokinetic evaluation, ten active ingredients interacted with fifty-six breast cancer-associated therapeutic targets. Functional enrichment analysis revealed that TNF, estrogen, PI3K-Akt and MAPK signaling pathways were involved in tumorigenesis and development of breast cancer. The pharmacological mechanisms might be associated with cellular effects on proliferation, cell cycle process and apoptosis. CONCLUSION: The present study provides novel insights into the system-level pharmacological mechanisms underlying a herbal combination used for breast cancer therapies.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Biologia de Sistemas/métodos , Tecnologia Farmacêutica/métodos , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Astragalus propinquus , Neoplasias da Mama , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Fluxo de Trabalho
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5201-5210, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) leaves are popular as a tea infusion in Asia and their main active ingredients are flavonoids. The present study aimed to explore the anticancer properties of flavonoids isolated from persimmon leaves (PLF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the in vitro anti-proliferative activity of PLF against several human cancer cell lines. Apoptosis and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by PLF were accessed using high-content analysis with florescent staining. The ability of PLF to scavenge free radicals was evaluated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. RESULTS: PLF demonstrated significant inhibition of proliferation of liver, breast, and colorectal cancer cells in vitro. PLF induced apoptosis and increased intracellular ROS levels in HCT116 (colorectal cancer) and HepG2 (liver cancer) cells. In addition, PLF showed strong free radical scavenging ability. CONCLUSION: The anti-proliferation activity of PLF against cancer cells was related to the induction of apoptosis and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Diospyros/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 5073-5082, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764937

RESUMO

Objective: To prepare xanthatin (XA)-loaded polydopamine (PDA) nanoparticles (PDA-XA-NPs) and to investigate their adhesion and bioavailability. Materials and methods: PDA-XA-NPs were synthesized and characterized using transmission electron microscopy, zeta potential analysis and encapsulation efficiency analysis. Their in vitro release kinetics and inhibitory effects on gastric cancer were studied. The adhesion of PDA-XA-NPs was evaluated by in vivo imaging atlas. The pharmacokinetics of PDA-XA-NPs and XA was compared. Results: PDA-XA-NPs had a spherical shape, a particle size of about 380 nm, an encapsulation efficiency of (82.1 ± 0.02) % and a drug loading capacity of (5.5 ± 0.1)%. The release of PDA-XA-NPs in PBS was stable and slow, without being affected by pH. The adhesion capacity of PDA-XA-NPs for mucin was significantly higher than that of bulk drug. The gastric mucosal retention of PDA-XA-NPs reached 89.1% which significantly exceeded that of XA. In vivo imaging showed that PDA-XA-NPs targeting the stomach were retained for a period of time. The pharmacokinetics study showed that PDA-XA-NPs had a longer retention time and a slower drug release than those of XA. In vitro experiments confirmed that PDA-XA-NPs exerted similar inhibitory effects on gastric cancer to those of XA, which lasted for a period of time. Conclusion: High-adhesion NPs were constructed. Gastric cancer was targeted by orally administered PDA-XA-NPs, as a potentially feasible therapy. Eventually, the bioavailability of XA was increased.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacocinética , Furanos/farmacocinética , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Disponibilidade Biológica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Furanos/química , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Indóis/química , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Tamanho da Partícula , Polímeros/química , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
5.
Crit Rev Ther Drug Carrier Syst ; 37(3): 205-227, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749138

RESUMO

In this review, we describe the advances in oral drug delivery approaches for taxanes for successful therapeutic outcome. Taxanes (paclitaxel and docetaxel) have unwanted pharmacokinetic profiles when they are given in their current dosage forms. Taxanes have low bioavailability, are extensively metabolized by CYP3A, and have a high affinity for P-glycoprotein. Regardless of dosage schedule, the overall docetaxel or paclitaxel dose that a patient can tolerate at a given interval remains similar. Currently, there are no commercially available oral taxane nanoformulations, and there are still several challenges to overcome. Nano-based formulations may offer the best solutions to problems involving the safety and effectiveness of taxane delivery. Thus, further research is necessary before such taxane nanoformulations can be manufactured for clinical use.


Assuntos
Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacocinética , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Docetaxel/química , Docetaxel/farmacocinética , Portadores de Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Composição de Medicamentos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Lipídeos/administração & dosagem , Lipídeos/química , Micelas , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/química , Paclitaxel/química , Paclitaxel/farmacocinética
6.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0219632, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706829

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Surgical resection and systemic chemotherapy with temozolomide remain the mainstay for treatment of glioblastoma. However, many patients are not candidates for surgical resection given inaccessible tumor location or poor health status. Furthermore, despite being first line treatment, temozolomide has only limited efficacy. METHODS: The development of injectable hydrogel-based carrier systems allows for the delivery of a wide range of chemotherapeutics that can achieve high local concentrations, thus potentially avoiding systemic side effects and wide-spread neurotoxicity. To test this modality in a realistic environment, we developed a diblock copolypeptide hydrogel (DCH) capable of carrying and releasing paclitaxel, a compound that we found to be highly potent against primary gliomasphere cells. RESULTS: The DCH produced minimal tissue reactivity and was well tolerated in the immune-competent mouse brain. Paclitaxel-loaded hydrogel induced less tissue damage, cellular inflammation and reactive astrocytes than cremaphor-taxol (typical taxol-carrier) or hydrogel alone. In a deep subcortical xenograft model of glioblastoma in immunodeficient mice, injection of paclitaxel-loaded hydrogel led to local tumor control and improved survival. However, the tumor cells were highly migratory and were able to eventually escape the area of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest this technology may be ultimately applicable to patients with deep-seated inoperable tumors, but as currently formulated, complete tumor eradication would be highly unlikely. Future studies should focus on targeting the migratory potential of surviving cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Hidrogéis/química , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Peptídeos/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Glioblastoma/mortalidade , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Paclitaxel/química , Taxa de Sobrevida , Temozolomida/química , Temozolomida/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
7.
Tumour Biol ; 42(5): 1010428320918685, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367771

RESUMO

We aimed to assess the antitumor activity of Orobanche crenata methanolic extract and evaluate its cytotoxic effect on different cancer cell lines to develop an effective natural anticancer drug. Components of O. crenata methanolic extract were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The extract's antioxidant activity was assessed by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and ferric reducing antioxidant power procedures and cytotoxicity of the extract was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase assays. Caspase-3 activity was also estimated. O. crenata methanolic extract shows powerful antioxidant activity. The extract inhibited the propagation of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2), human prostate cancer (PC3), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), and human colon carcinoma (HCT-116) in a dose-dependent manner. O. crenata-treated cells displayed obvious morphological structures distinctive of apoptosis. MTT assay exposed that the extract presented prevention of cell persistence in a dose-dependent means and revealed extremely cytotoxic activity against HepG2, PC3, MCF-7, and HCT-116 with 50% inhibitory concentration values 30.3, 111, 89.6, and 28.6 µg/mL, respectively, after 24 h of incubation. In addition, treatment of HCT-116 with various concentrations of the extract caused the release of lactate dehydrogenase and induction of caspase-3 activity in a dose-dependent way. In conclusion, our findings suggested that the O. crenata extract possesses potent antioxidant, cytotoxic activity, and anticancer properties which are possibly due to the principal bioactive phytochemical composites existing in this plant. These results can be used to develop new drugs for cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Orobanche/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Metanol , Extratos Vegetais/química
8.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 2921-2933, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425524

RESUMO

Background: Targeted prodrug has various applications as drug formulation for tumor therapy. Therefore, amphoteric small-molecule prodrug combined with nanoscale characteristics for the self-assembly of the nano-drug delivery system (DDS) is a highly interesting research topic. Methods and Results: In this study, we developed a prodrug self-assembled nanoplatform, 2-glucosamine-fluorescein-5(6)-isothiocyanate-glutamic acid-paclitaxel (2DA-FITC-PTX NPs) by integration of targeted small molecule and nano-DDS with regular structure and perfect targeting ability. 2-glucosamine (DA) and paclitaxel were conjugated as the targeted ligand and anti-tumor chemotherapy drug by amino acid group. 2-DA molecular structure can enhance the targeting ability of prodrug-based 2DA-FITC-PTX NPs and prolong retention time, thereby reducing the toxicity of normal cell/tissue. The fluorescent dye FITC or near-infrared fluorescent dye ICG in prodrug-based DDS was attractive for in vivo optical imaging to study the behavior of 2DA-FITC-PTX NPs. In vitro and in vivo results proved that 2DA-FITC-PTX NPs exhibited excellent targeting ability, anticancer activity, and weak side effects. Conclusion: This work demonstrates a new combination of nanomaterials for chemotherapy and may promote prodrug-based DDS clinical applications in the future.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Nanopartículas/química , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Pró-Fármacos/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacocinética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Fluoresceína-5-Isotiocianato/química , Glucosamina/química , Ácido Glutâmico/química , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/química , Paclitaxel/farmacocinética , Pró-Fármacos/farmacocinética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
9.
Biochim Biophys Acta Proteins Proteom ; 1868(8): 140440, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376479

RESUMO

Lunasin is a 43-amino acid peptide from seeds and grains with bioavailability in humans and potent chemotherapeutic action against several cancer cell lines. Here, we investigate new information about the physicochemical and structural properties of lunasin using circular dichroism (CD), fluorescence spectroscopy, electrospray ionization-ion mobility spectrometry-mass spectrometry (ESI-IMS-MS), size exclusion chromatography (SEC), molecular dynamics (MD), and bioinformatics. CD analysis and disorder prediction obtained by PONDR indicate that lunasin has a mostly unordered structure. Double wavelength [θ]222nm x [θ]200nm plot data suggests that lunasin is an intrinsically disordered peptide (IDP) in a pre-molten globule-like (PMG-like) state, while CD spectrum deconvolution and MD simulation indicate small ß-strand content. The presence of residual structure was supported by loss of CD signal at 222 nm after treatment with urea and by increasing fluorescence emission upon bis-ANS binding. Lunasin also demonstrated stability to heating up to the temperature of 100 °C, as verified by CD. MD and CD analyses in the presence of TFE and MoRFpred prediction indicated the helix propensity of lunasin. ESI-IMS-MS data revealed that lunasin shows a propensity to form disulfide bonds at the conditions used. MD data also indicated that disulfide bond formation affects the adopted structure, showing a possible role of aspartyl-end in structure stabilization and compaction. In conclusion, our data support a characterization of lunasin as a peptide with an intrinsic disorder in a PMG-like state and reveal new aspects about its structural stability and plasticity, as well as the effects of disulfide bond formation and electrostatic attractions.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Proteínas Intrinsicamente Desordenadas/química , Proteínas de Soja/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Dissulfetos , Humanos , Proteínas Intrinsicamente Desordenadas/isolamento & purificação , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Dobramento de Proteína , Estabilidade Proteica , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Proteínas de Soja/isolamento & purificação , Soja/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Temperatura , Ureia/química
10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 2277-2286, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32280220

RESUMO

Purpose: In this study, NK4-conjugated hydroxycamptothecin liposomes (NK4-HCPT-Lips) were prepared with the aim of improving drug targeting to the liver. Methods: NK4-HCPT-Lips were prepared using the thin-film dispersion method. In vitro antitumor activities were evaluated by MTT assay. HCPT levels in plasma and tissues were determined via high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with camptothecin as the internal standard, and the characteristics, pharmacokinetics, and bio-distribution of NK4-HCPT-Lips were evaluated. Results: The liposomes showed a regular spherical-shaped morphology, and the entrapment efficiency and drug loading capacity reached 82.5 ± 2.4% and 3.01 ± 0.23%, respectively, with a particle size of 155.6 ± 2.6 nm and a zeta potential of -24.8 ± 3.3 mV. Inhibition effect experiments found that NK4-HCPT-Lips had a good inhibition on the HepG2 cells. Pharmacokinetic studies revealed an increase in the area under the curve and mean residence time as well as a decrease in plasma clearance (p < 0.05) of the NK4-HCPT-Lips compared to those of HCPT liposomes and a commercial HCPT injection. Tissue distribution studies showed that NK4-HCPT-Lips were present at high levels in the liver but were cleared from the kidneys. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that NK4-HCPT-Lips possess excellent liver-targeting attributes, which could enhance the therapeutic effects of drug treatments for hepatic diseases.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacocinética , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Camptotecina/química , Camptotecina/farmacocinética , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Interleucinas/química , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Lipossomos/administração & dosagem , Lipossomos/química , Lipossomos/farmacocinética , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Tamanho da Partícula , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Distribuição Tecidual
11.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 68(3): 273-287, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115535

RESUMO

Phytochemical analysis of the whole Helleborus foetidus plants identified 28 steroidal glycosides (1-28), including 20 novel spirostanol glycosides (1-20) and a novel furostanol glycoside (21). The structures of the newly identified compounds were elucidated by two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy and hydrolytic cleavage. Compounds 12, 13, and 15 were determined to be spirostanol trisdesmosides bearing sugar moieties at the C-1, -21, and -24 hydroxy groups of the aglycone unit. The isolated compounds were subsequently evaluated for cytotoxic activity against HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells and A549 human lung carcinoma cells. In particular, 7 showed cytotoxic activity against the HL-60 and A549 cells, with IC50 values of 5.9 and 6.6 µM, respectively, whereas 19 was selectively cytotoxic to A549 cells with an IC50 value of 5.5 µM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Helleborus/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Esteroides/farmacologia , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Conformação Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Esteroides/química , Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
12.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 573-585, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32158209

RESUMO

Introduction: A comparative study of Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. seed extract and developed silver nanoparticles (PJSNPs) for improving bioavailability that enhance their anti-cancer activity against HCT-116 (colon carcinoma), PANC-1 (pancreatic carcinoma), MDA-MB 231 (breast carcinoma) cell lines was performed. Materials and Methods: The green synthesis of PJSNPs (Putranjiva silver nanoparticles) was performed using PJ (Putranjiva) extract, and characterization of synthesized nanoparticles was accomplished through UV-Vis spectrum, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (TEM-EDAX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and Raman spectroscopy. Results: The results revealed that PJSNPs are homogeneous, spherical in shape, ~8±2 nm in size, and negatively charged with a zeta potential of about -26.71 mV. The cytotoxicity pattern observed was AgNO3 > PJSNPs > PJ extract. The morphological changes of the cells were observed by flow cytometry and also by the DNA ladder pattern on gel electrophoresis, which indicated that the process of cell death occurred via the apoptosis mechanism and PJSNPs were exerting late-stage apoptosis in all the tested cell lines. The small size and negative value of zeta potential could be the factors responsible for greater bioavailability and thus increased uptake by the tumor cells. Conclusion: The MTT assay and morphological changes observed by various methods indicate that the novel PJSNPs are a better anticancer agent than PJ extract. All the above properties make biologically synthesized PJSNPs an important target in the field of anti-cancer drug discovery.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Euphorbiaceae/química , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sementes/química , Prata/química , Espectrometria por Raios X , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
13.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 68(3): 244-250, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115531

RESUMO

Aspidosperma alkaloids, a subclass of monoterpenoid indole alkaloids rich in the Apocynaceae plants, possess remarkable antitumor activities, but the underlying mechanisms have rarely been reported. In the current project, 11-methoxytabersonine (11-MT), an aspidosperma-type alkaloid isolated from Tabernaemontana bovina, significantly inhibited the viability of two human lung cancer cell lines A549 and H157, and the molecular mechanisms were thus investigated. The results showed that 11-MT killed lung cancer cells via induction of necroptosis in an apoptosis-independent manner. In addition, 11-MT strongly induced autophagy in the two cell lines, which played a protective role against 11-MT-induced necroptosis. Finally, the autophagy caused by 11-MT was found to be via activation of the AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathways in both cells. Taken together, 11-MT exhibited an antitumor mechanism different from that of previously reported analogues and could have the potential to serve as a lead compound for the development of new chemotherapy for lung cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides Indólicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Necroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Tabernaemontana/química , Células A549 , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Alcaloides Indólicos/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Monoterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
14.
J Nat Med ; 74(3): 591-598, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200514

RESUMO

Three new steroidal saponins, aspiletreins A-C (1-3), together with 2H-chromen-2-one (4), and α-tocopherol (5), were isolated from whole Aspidistra letreae plants collected in Vietnam. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of spectroscopic analyses, including 1D- and 2D-NMR, IR, and HRESIMS, and by comparison with the reported data in the literature. Compounds 1-3 exhibited moderate cytotoxicities against the LU-1, HeLa, MDA-MB-231, HepG2, and MKN-7 human cancer cell lines, with IC50 values ranging from 7.69 ± 0.40 to 20.46 ± 3.11 µM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Asparagaceae/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Saponinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células HeLa , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/química , Saponinas/química , Vietnã
15.
Phytomedicine ; 69: 153210, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32217447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than 80% of advanced prostate cancer (PCa) cases have bone metastasis, with a 5-year survival rate of 25%. Previously, we reported that GRT, a standardized, pharmaceutical-grade aspalathin-rich extract (12.78 g aspalathin/100 g extract), prepared from green rooibos produced from the leaves and fine stems of Aspalathus linearis, inhibits the proliferation of PCa cells, meriting this investigation to determine if GRT can suppress the migration and invasion of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) cells. PURPOSE: In the present study, we investigated whether GRT extract can interfere with the migration and invasion of human CRPC cells. METHODS: Transwell assays were used to explore the effects of GRT on the migration and invasion of CRPC cells. Micro-Western Array (MWA) and Western blot analysis were carried out to unravel the underlying molecular mechanism(s). RESULTS: Treatment with 25-100 µg/ml GRT suppressed the migration and invasion of LNCaP C4-2B and 22Rv1 CRPC cells. MWA and Western blot analysis indicated that GRT treatment suppressed the protein level of yes-associated protein (YAP), macrophage stimulating 1 protein (MST1), phospho-MST1/phospho-MST2 T183/T180, and paxillin, but increased the abundance of E-cadherin. Over-expression of YAP rescued the suppressive effects of GRT on migration and invasion of CRPC cells. Treatment with the major flavonoid of GRT - the C-glucosyl dihydrochalcone, aspalathin - at a concentration of 75-100 µg/ml also reduced the migration and invasion of CRPC cells, and the inhibition was partially rescued by YAP over-expression. CONCLUSIONS: GRT treatment suppresses the migration and invasion of CRPC cells via inhibition of YAP signaling and paxillin.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Aspalathus/química , Chalconas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Paxilina/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/antagonistas & inibidores , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
16.
Phytother Res ; 34(9): 2140-2158, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159263

RESUMO

The family Arecaceae includes 181 genera and 2,600 species with a high diversity in physical characteristics. Areca plants, commonly palms, which are able to grow in nearly every type of habitat, prefer tropical and subtropical climates. The most studied species Areca catechu L. contains phytochemicals as phenolics and alkaloids with biological properties. The phenolics are mainly distributed in roots followed by fresh unripe fruits, leaves, spikes, and veins, while the contents of alkaloids are in the order of roots, fresh unripe fruits, spikes, leaves, and veins. This species has been reputed to provide health effects on the cardiovascular, respiratory, nervous, metabolic, gastrointestinal, and reproductive systems. However, in many developing countries, quid from this species has been associated with side effects, which include the destruction of the teeth, impairment of oral hygiene, bronchial asthma, or oral cancer. Despite these side effects, which are also mentioned in this work, the present review collects the main results of biological properties of the phytochemicals in A. catechu. This study emphasizes the in vitro and in vivo antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer, and clinical effectiveness in humans. In this sense, A. catechu have demonstrated effectiveness in several reports through in vitro and in vivo experiments on disorders such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, or anticancer. Moreover, our findings demonstrate that this species presents clinical effectiveness on neurological disorders. Hence, A. catechu extracts could be used as a bioactive ingredient for functional food, nutraceuticals, or cosmeceuticals. However, further studies, especially extensive and comprehensive clinical trials, are recommended for the use of Areca in the treatment of diseases.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Areca/fisiologia , Pesquisa Biomédica , Alimentos , Fitoterapia , Agricultura/tendências , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Areca/química , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Fazendas , Humanos , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/efeitos adversos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Fitoterapia/métodos , Fitoterapia/tendências , Folhas de Planta/química
17.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(1): 138-144, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166676

RESUMO

This study examined anti-cancer compounds present in the chloroform extract of the Chinese medicine formula Shenqi San (CE-SS). Silica gel column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20, octadecylsilyl (ODS) column chromatography, and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were used to separate the compounds from CE-SS. The structural formulas of the separated compounds were determined using 1D 1H and 13C experiments as well as high resolution electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy (HRESIMS). The corresponding results were compared with the reported literature data. A total of six compounds were separated and their structures were identified on the basis of corresponding spectroscopic and physico-chemical properties. They were Saikogenin F (I), Prosaikogenin D (II), Prosaikogenin F (III), ß-sitosterol (IV), 3ß,16ß,23-trihydroxy-13,28-epoxyurs-11-ene-3-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (V), and methyl ursolic acid (VI). The separated compounds were evaluated in vitro for their inhibitory ability against the proliferation of A549 cells via MTT assay. Apoptosis was investigated using Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide (PI) by flow cytometry. Apoptosis-associated proteins were examined by Western blotting. All the compounds were observed to have inhibitory activities against the proliferation of A549 cells to different degrees. Flow cytometry showed that compound V increased the proportion of apoptotic A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Western blotting showed that compound V increased the expression of Bax, cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-9 and cleaved-poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP), and decreased the expression of Bcl-2. These results indicated that compound V featured a significant inhibitory effect on A549 cells when compared with other compounds, and it may be considered a potential drug against cancers.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Clorofórmio/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Extração Líquido-Líquido , Estrutura Molecular
18.
Clin Chim Acta ; 505: 60-72, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017926

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is common among women with a recurrence rate of 35% despite surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Patients receiving chemotherapy or radiotherapy routinely experience several side effects including toxicity, non-targeted damage of tissues, hair loss, neurotoxicity, multidrug resistance (MDR), nausea, anemia and neutropenia. Phytochemicals can interfere with almost every stage of carcinogenesis to prevent cancer development. Many natural compounds are known to activate/deactivate multiple redox-sensitive transcription factors that modulate tumor signaling pathways. Polyphenols have been found to be promising agents against cervical cancer. However, applications of phytochemicals as a therapeutic drug are limited due to low oral bioavailability, poor aqueous solubility and requirement of high doses. Nano-sized phytochemicals (NPCs) are promising anti-cancer agents as they are required in minute quantities which lowers overall treatment costs. Several phytochemicals, including quercetin, lycopene, leutin, curcumin, green tea polyphenols and others have been packaged as nanoparticles and proven to be useful in nano-chemoprevention and nano-chemotherapy. Nanoparticles have high biocompatibility, biodegradability and stability in biological environment. Nano-scale drug delivery systems are excellent source for enhanced drug specificity, improved absorption rates, reduced drug degradation and systemic toxicity. The present review discusses current knowledge in the involvement of phytochemical nanoparticles in cervical cancer therapy over conventional chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Disponibilidade Biológica , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Compostos Fitoquímicos/administração & dosagem
19.
Food Chem ; 317: 126411, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087517

RESUMO

Widely used throughout the world as traditional medicine for treating a variety of diseases ranging from cancer to microbial infections, members of the Tradescantia genus show promise as sources of desirable bioactive compounds. The bioactivity of several noteworthy species has been well-documented in scientific literature, but with nearly seventy-five species, there remains much to explore in this genus. This review aims to discuss all the bioactivity-related studies of Tradescantia plants and the compounds discovered, including their anticancer, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antidiabetic activities. Gaps in knowledge will also be identified for future research opportunities.


Assuntos
Plantas Medicinais/química , Tradescantia/química , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Medicina Tradicional
20.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 204: 111767, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006893

RESUMO

Colon carcinoma is a recurring type of cancer that affects the intestine epithelial with a poor survival rate. It was already proven the anticancer property of hesperidin in various cancers but the bioavailability hesperidin is poor, which hinders the hesperidin usage. In this investigation we synthesized hesperidin loaded Zn2+@ SA/PCT nanocomposites and assessed its anticancer potential against colon cancer (HCT116) cells. Hesperidin loaded Zn2+@ SA/PCT nanocomposites were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) analysis. The drug releasing capacity and cytotoxic property was assessed via drug releasing assay, MTT assay with HCT116 cells. The anticancer potency of hesperidin nanocomposites were evaluated with TUNEL, DAPI staining, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation assay and it is confirmed with flow cytometry analysis of MMP disruption in colon cancer (HCT116) cell line. Further the immunoblotting analysis of cysteine proteases Caspases 3, 9, PARP, proapoptotic protein Bax and antiapoptotic protein Bcl2 were performed. The results of FTIR, XRD and electroscopic analyses confirmed the synthesized hesperidin nanocomposites accomplish the properties of potent nanodrug and the MTT assay authentically confirmed that the synthesized hesperidin nanocomposite inhibited the HCT116 cell growth, and the results of fluorescent staining proved that the hesperidin nanocomposite induced the apoptotic mediated cell necrosis via promoting the expression of apoptotic proteins thereby induced the apoptosis in colon cancer (HCT116) cells. Hence, it was concluded that the, hesperidin loaded nanocomposites persuasively inhibited proliferation of colon carcinoma cell and induced apoptosis in in vitro condition.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Hesperidina/química , Nanocompostos/química , Alginatos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Composição de Medicamentos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Células HCT116 , Hesperidina/farmacologia , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Pectinas/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Zinco/química
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