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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4043-4053, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive subtype, predominant in African American women. In this study, the antioxidant/anticancer activity of muscadine grape extracts and the role of their phenolic and flavonoid contents in exerting these properties were investigated in TNBC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Berry extracts from muscadine genotypes were investigated for total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), antioxidant capacity, and anticancer effects using breast cancer cell lines, representing Caucasians and African Americans. RESULTS: The antioxidant activity was associated with high TPC content. Extracts showed cytotoxicity up to 78.6% in Caucasians and 90.7% in African American cells, with an association with high antioxidant capacity. There was a strong correlation between TPC and anticancer/antioxidant activities. CONCLUSION: The anticancer and antioxidant effects of muscadine grapes are attributed to the TPC of extracts, which showed a stronger positive correlation with growth inhibition of African American breast cancer cells compared to Caucasians.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Vitis/química , Afro-Americanos/genética , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Feminino , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
2.
Life Sci ; 234: 116783, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442552

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BCa) is the most commonly diagnosed lethal cancer in women worldwide. Notch signaling pathway is directly linked to BCa recurrence and aggressiveness. Natural remedies are becoming a prime choice to overcome against cancer due to lesser side effect and cost-effectiveness. Bulbine frutescens (Asphodelaceae), a traditional medicinal plant in South Africa possess bioactive flavonoids and terpenoids. Polar (methanol) and non-polar (hexane) B. frutescens plant extracts were prepared. GC-MS analysis revealed the differential presence of secondary metabolites in both methanolic and hexane extracts. We hereby first time evaluated the anticancer potential of B. frutescens methanolic and hexane extract in triple-negative and luminal BCa cells. B. frutescens extracts significantly decreased cell viability (IC50 4.8-28.4 µg/ml) and induced cell cycle arrest at G1 phase in MDA-MB-231 and T47D cells as confirmed by spectrophotometry and flow cytometry technique. RT-PCR analysis of cell cycle (cyclin D1, CDK4, and p21) and apoptosis modulating genes (caspase 3, Bcl2 and survivin) revealed upexpression of p21, and caspase 3, and down expression of cyclin D1, CDK4, Bcl2 and survivin genes in extract-treated BCa cells. Fluorescence spectrophotometry and confocal microscopy showed B. frutescens induced nuclear morphology and mitochondrial integrity disruption, and increased reactive oxygen species production in MDA-MB-231 and T47D cells. Flow cytometric apoptosis analysis of B. frutescens extracts treated MDA-MB-231 cells showed ≈13% increase in early apoptotic population in comparison to non-treated cells. Dual-Luciferase Reporter assay confirmed notch promoter inhibitory activity of B. frutescens extracts. Moreover, RTPCR analysis showed down regulation of notch responsive genes (Hes1 and Hey1) at transcription levels in extract-treated BCa cells. Western Blot analysis showed increased procaspase 3 protein expression in extract-treated BCa cells. In all the assays methanolic extract showed better anti-cancer properties. Literature-based identification of methanol soluble phytochemicals in B. frutescens and in silico docking study revealed Bulbineloneside D as a potent ϒ-secretase enzyme inhibitor. In comparison to standard notch inhibitor, lead phytochemical showed two additional hydrophobic interactions with Ala80 and Leu81 amino acids. In conclusion, B. frutescens phytochemicals have cell cycle arrest, ROS production, apoptosis induction, and mitochondria membrane potential disruption efficacy in breast cancer cells. B. frutescens phytochemicals have the ability to downregulate the notch signaling pathway in triple-negative and luminal breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Xanthorrhoeaceae/química , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
3.
Expert Opin Ther Pat ; 29(9): 703-731, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369715

RESUMO

Introduction: Combretastatins represent a potent class of phenolic-stilbene natural products that function as colchicine binding site inhibitors of tubulin polymerization and have been advanced as promising anticancer lead compounds. Among them, combretastatin A-4 is the most potent lead molecule due to its broad spectrum cytotoxicity against a variety of tumors. However, low water solubility due to its high lipophilic nature and inter-conversion of olefinic double bond from more active cis to less active trans-conformation poses limitations to its clinical utility. However, different approaches including prodrugs, salt formations, structural modifications, prevention of inter-conversion of the olefinic bond and changes to the substitution pattern on the rings of combretastatin A-4 were investigated and successfully resulted in different combretastatin-based molecules that demonstrated varying levels of potency against different types of tumors during their in-vitro and in-vivo studies. Areas covered: This review covers the patents over a period of 2008-2018. Expert opinion: Molecular hybridization and prodrug designing imparted multi-targeted actions to combretastatin derivatives. Currently, various combretastatin derivatives are under clinical trials. These derivatives could be used to treat disorders other than cancer, due to their vascular disrupting action.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Bibenzilas/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Bibenzilas/química , Desenho de Drogas , Humanos , Patentes como Assunto , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia
4.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(7): 654-665, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257321

RESUMO

Quassinoids, one kind of triterpenoids with multiple bioactivities such as anti-cancer, anti-malarial, anti-oxidative, anti-microbial, anti-diabetic, anti-viral, and anti-inflammatory effects, have drawn much attention in recent years. Between 2004 and 2018, the structural characteristics and plant sources of 190 quassinoids were reported. Herein, the structure-activity relationships (SARs) of quassinoids along with the anti-cancer mechanisms of four representative quassinoids, eurycomanone, bruceine D, dehydrobruceine B, and brusatol are discussed. This review might be useful for further research and development of quassinoids.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Quassinas/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antiprotozoários/química , Antiprotozoários/isolamento & purificação , Antiprotozoários/farmacologia , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/isolamento & purificação , Antivirais/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Plantas/química , Plantas/metabolismo , Plasmodium falciparum/efeitos dos fármacos , Quassinas/isolamento & purificação , Quassinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Vírus do Mosaico do Tabaco/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(8): e1900317, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264344

RESUMO

Four new diterpenoids named cuceolatins A-D, including three labdane-type (1-3) and one abietane-type (4) as well as three known labdane analogs (5-7), were reported from the leaves of Cunninghamia lanceolata. Structural assignments for these compounds were conducted by analyses of spectroscopic data, and their absolute configurations were determined by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) based electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Among them, the abietane-type diterpenoid (11-hydroxy-12-methoxyabieta-8,11,13-trien-3-one (4)) showed significant cytotoxicity against human MDA-MB-231, MCF-7, and HeLa tumor cell lines with IC50 measurements of 4.3, 2.8 and 4.5 µm, respectively, while the labdane-type diterpenoids with a 4α-carboxy group (1-3 and 5) exhibited moderate antibacterial activity towards Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus with IC50 values all below 25 µm.


Assuntos
Cunninghamia/química , Diterpenos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Bacillus subtilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dicroísmo Circular , Cunninghamia/metabolismo , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Diterpenos de Abietano/química , Diterpenos de Abietano/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos de Abietano/farmacologia , Humanos , Conformação Molecular , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(8): e1900188, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298488

RESUMO

Panaxadiol is a dammarane-type ginsenoside having high ginseng content. The 3-hydroxy group of panaxadiol (PD) was modified by fatty acids and diacids. The modified panax glycol had enhanced anticancer activity. Twelve PD derivatives were evaluated and purified by chemical synthesis, column chromatography, co-synthesis, and identification. The human leukemia cells THP-1, HL-60, and human prostate cancer cell lines PC-3 were evaluated; PD derivatives were tested and evaluated in vitro by MTT assay. The results showed that the antitumor activities of some derivatives on three tumor cell lines were better than those of PD.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ginsenosídeos/química , Panax/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ginsenosídeos/síntese química , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Células PC-3 , Panax/metabolismo
7.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4461-4474, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296986

RESUMO

Background: Vincristine is a potent therapeutic agent with well-defined activity against hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. It is a cell-cycle specific drug with concentration and exposure duration dependent activity. When used by liposomal delivery, it exhibits enhanced anti-tumor activity. However, vincristine liposome formulation in the clinic is supplied as a 3-vial-kit due to lacking sufficient stability. So it has to be prepared in situ prior to use through a multi-step process. Purpose: The purpose here is to develop a more stable and ready-to-use liposomal formulation for vincritstine in one vial. Patients and methods: A series of preparations were investigated based on sphingomyelin/cholesterol/PEG2000-DSPE lipid composition, with different drug/lipid (D/L) ratios (1/10, 1/5, 1/2), using an active sucrose octasulfate triethylamine salt gradient loading method. In this work, compared to generic vincristine sulfate liposome injection (GVM), the stability both in vivo and in vitro and efficacy in vivo of novel vincristine liposomes were investigated. Results: It was shown that the degradation of vincristine during 2-8°C storage was significantly decreased from 8.2% in 1 month (GVM) to 2.9% in 12 months (D/L ratio 1/5). The half-time for sphingomyelin/cholesterol/PEG2000-DSPE liposomes in vivo could be adjusted from 17.4 h (D/L ratio 1/10) to 22.7 h (D/L ratio 1/2) in rats, while the half-time for GVM was only 11.1 h. The increase in drug retention contributed to the lower in vivo toxicity. The antitumor efficacy was evaluated using a human melanoma tumor model and showed remarkable improvement compared to GVM. Conclusion: The study demonstrates that the new formulation with the drug/lipid ratio of 1/5 owns a higher encapsulation efficiency, better stability, lower toxicity and superior antitumor efficacy, which is screened out for further development.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Lipossomos/química , Vincristina/química , Vincristina/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Colesterol/química , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Armazenamento de Medicamentos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Ratos Wistar , Esfingomielinas/química , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
8.
Molecules ; 24(13)2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Plants play an important role in anti-cancer drug discovery, therefore, the current study aimed to evaluate the biological activity of Alpinia zerumbet (A. zerumbet) flowers. METHODS: The phytochemical and biological criteria of A. zerumbet were in vitro investigated as well as in mouse xenograft model. RESULTS: A. zerumbet extracts, specially CH2Cl2 and MeOH extracts, exhibited the highest potent anti-tumor activity against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells. The most active CH2Cl2 extract was subjected to bioassay-guided fractionation leading to isolatation of the naturally occurring 5,6-dehydrokawain (DK) which was characterized by IR, MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. A. zerumbet extracts, specially MeOH and CH2Cl2 extracts, exhibited significant inhibitory activity towards tumor volume (TV). Furthermore, A. zerumbet extracts declined the high level of malonaldehyde (MDA) as well as elevated the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in liver tissue homogenate. Moreover, DK showed anti-proliferative action on different human cancer cell lines. The recorded IC50 values against breast carcinoma (MCF-7), liver carcinoma (Hep-G2) and larynx carcinoma cells (HEP-2) were 3.08, 6.8, and 8.7 µg/mL, respectively. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these findings open the door for further investigations in order to explore the potential medicinal properties of A. zerumbet.


Assuntos
Alpinia/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Pironas/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Catalase/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Clorofórmio/química , Flores/química , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Metanol/química , Camundongos , Transplante de Neoplasias , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais , Pironas/farmacologia , Solventes , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
9.
Phytochemistry ; 166: 112064, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325614

RESUMO

Seven previously undescribed polycyclic diterpenoids, euphonoids A-G, including four ent-abietanes, two ent-atisanes, and one ent-kaurene, along with 26 known analogues were isolated from the roots of Euphorbia fischeriana. The structures of the undescribed compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, ECD calculations, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Besides, the structure of a previously reported ent-abietane diterpenoid, fischeriabietane A, was revised. All the isolates were screened for the cytotoxicities against five cancer cell lines. Euphonoid A, fischeriabietane A, 11-oxo-ebracteolatanolide B, caudicifolin, jolkinolide B, and methyl-8,11-3-dihydroxy-12-oxo-ent-abietadi-13,15(17)-ene-16-oate showed significant inhibitory activities against human prostate cancer C4-2B and C4-2B/ENZR cell lines, with IC50 values being less than 10 µM. The brief structure-activity relationships (SARs) of these diterpenoids were also discussed.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Euphorbia/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Nat Chem Biol ; 15(7): 747-755, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209351

RESUMO

Nimbolide, a terpenoid natural product derived from the Neem tree, impairs cancer pathogenicity; however, the direct targets and mechanisms by which nimbolide exerts its effects are poorly understood. Here, we used activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) chemoproteomic platforms to discover that nimbolide reacts with a novel functional cysteine crucial for substrate recognition in the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF114. Nimbolide impairs breast cancer cell proliferation in-part by disrupting RNF114-substrate recognition, leading to inhibition of ubiquitination and degradation of tumor suppressors such as p21, resulting in their rapid stabilization. We further demonstrate that nimbolide can be harnessed to recruit RNF114 as an E3 ligase in targeted protein degradation applications and show that synthetically simpler scaffolds are also capable of accessing this unique reactive site. Our study highlights the use of ABPP platforms in uncovering unique druggable modalities accessed by natural products for cancer therapy and targeted protein degradation applications.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Limoninas/farmacologia , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Produtos Biológicos/química , Produtos Biológicos/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Limoninas/química , Limoninas/isolamento & purificação
11.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(8): 763-772, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170002

RESUMO

Nepenthes plants are a folk medicine in many Southeast Asia countries for curing diseases but its anticancer effect is rarely investigated. The objectives of this study were to investigate the antioral cancer ability of ethyl acetate extract of Nepenthes ventricosa x maxima (EANV). The preferential killing ability of EANV was determined by MTS-based cell viability assays. The bioactive effects were further screened by flow cytometry for apoptosis, oxidative stress, and DNA damage. At 24 h treatment, EANV dose dependently decreased six types of oral cancer cells, but the normal oral cells (HGF-1) kept a 90% viability. EANV also showed chronic antiproliferative effects and inhibited 3D sphere formation ability of oral cancer cells. Ca9-22 and CAL 27 oral cancer cells with high response to EANV increased subG1 populations and enhanced Annexin V- and pancaspase-detected apoptosis in these cells. EANV also induced the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial superoxide and the dysfunction of mitochondrial membrane potential. Moreover, the oxidative DNA damage level such as 8-oxo-2'deoxyguanosine was increased in EANV-treated oral cancer cells. Taken together, EANV has a preferential killing effect against oral cancer cells associated with oxidative stress, apoptosis, and DNA damage, suggesting EANV as a potential antioral cancer agent.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Caryophyllales/química , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Acetatos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
12.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(7): e1900189, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222938

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the ethanolic extract of propolis originated from northern Turkey for its antiproliferative, apoptotic and cell cycle arrest promoting effects on MCF7, HGC27, A549 cancer cell lines and a healthy cell line (HUVEC) in terms of DNA content, morphological features, expression of cell cycle checkpoint proteins p21, p53, Cyclin D1 and immune checkpoint protein PD-L1. The extract showed moderate antiproliferative activity against all tested cancer cell lines with IC50 values in the range of 58.6-90.7 µg/mL in MTS assay. Further studies indicated that propolis extract exerted apoptotic effect on cancer cell lines, promoted cell cycle arrest through activation of p21 and resulted in accumulation at G0/G1 phase of cancer cells. Propolis treatment caused increased cell size, according to fluorescent imaging except for MCF7. HPTLC analysis revealed that 3-O-methylquercetin, chrysin, caffeic acid, CAPE, galangin and pinocembrin were the main components of the extract. The amounts of caffeic acid and CAPE in the extract were found to be 5.5 and 11.1 mg/g, respectively, by a validated HPLC method. Our study is the first one, revealing effect of propolis on PD-L1 expression on certain cancer cell lines.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Própole/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Turquia
13.
Phytochemistry ; 165: 112047, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203102

RESUMO

Four undescribed lignans and two undescribed sesquiterpenic acids, together with three known compounds (hypochoeroside C, hypochoeroside D, and 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid) were isolated from the roots of Hypochaeris radicata subsp. neapolitana (Asteraceae, Cichorieae). The lignans were identified as 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside, 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranosyl-2'-O-methacrylate, (7S,8R,8'R)-7-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3',4'-dihydroxy-7,8,7',8'-tetrahydronaphtho [8,8'-c]furan-1(3H)-one, and (7S,8R,8'R)-7-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3',4'-dihydroxy-8'-(hydroxymethyl)-7,8,7',8'-tetrahydronaphthalen-8-carboxylic acid. The two sesquiterpenic acids were identified as the ring open precursors of hypochoerosides C and D. Structures were elucidated using NMR and HRMS. Absolute configurations of (7S,8R,8'R)-7-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3',4'-dihydroxy-7,8,7',8'-tetrahydronaphtho [8,8'-c]furan-1(3H)-one and (7S,8R,8'R)-7-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3',4'-dihydroxy-8'-(hydroxymethyl)-7,8,7',8'-tetrahydronaphthalen-8-carboxylic acid were determined using electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy. 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside was evaluated for its anti-proliferative activity against myeloma cell lines MM1S, U266, and NCI-H929 and showed cytotoxicity at 100 mM against MM1S strain. No neurotoxicity was observed for major compounds 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside, hypochoeroside C, and hypochoeroside D in a fluorescence assay measuring neurite outgrowth in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Additionally, compounds 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside, hypochoeroside C, hypochoeroside D, and hypochoerosidic acid D were quantified in unstressed and drought-stressed plants using HPLC-DAD. Drought-stressed plants were found to contain lower concentrations of the lignan 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside and sesquiterpene lactone hypochoeroside C.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Asteraceae/química , Lactonas/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Lactonas/química , Lactonas/isolamento & purificação , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
14.
Phytochemistry ; 165: 112051, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234093

RESUMO

Parmelia Acharius is one of the most representative genera within Parmeliaceae family which is the largest and the most widespread family of lichen-forming fungi. Parmelia lichens present a medium to large foliose thallus and they are distributed from the Artic to the Antartic continents, being more concentrated in temperate regions. According to its current description, the genus encompasses up to 41 different species and it is phylogenetically located within the Parmelioid clade (the largest group in the family). Interestingly, some of its species are among the most common epiphytic lichens in Europe such as Parmelia sulcata Taylor and Parmelia saxatilis (L.) Ach. The present work aims at providing a complete overview of the existing knowledge on the genus, from general concepts such as taxonomy and phylogeny, to their ecological relevance and biological interest for pharmaceutical uses. As reported, Parmelia lichens arise as valuable tools for biomonitoring environmental pollution due to their capacity to bioaccumulate metal elements and its response to acid rain. Moreover, they produce a wide array of specialized products/metabolites including depsides, depsidones, triterpenes and dibenzofurans, which have been suggested to exert promising pharmacological activities, mainly antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. Herein, we discuss past and recent data regarding to the phytochemical characterization of more than 15 species. Even though the knowledge is still scarce in comparsion to other groups of organisms such as higher plants and other non-lichenized fungi. Reviewed works suggest that Parmelia lichens are worthy of further research for determining their actual possibilities as sources of bioactive compounds with potential therapeutic applications.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Parmeliaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Filogenia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/metabolismo
15.
Phytochemistry ; 164: 172-183, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158602

RESUMO

Screening assays showed that total glycoside-rich fraction (TG) of rhizomes of Polygonatum sibiricum unveiled remarkable anti-proliferative activities against three cancer cell lines (A549, HepG2, and Caco2). Activity-guided isolation of TG afforded seven undescribed steroidal glycosides (polygonosides 1-7), along with 24 known glycosides. Their structures were established by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analyses, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and chemical evidence. The isolated steroidal glycosides were tested for their antiproliferative activities against A549, HepG2, and Caco2 cells. Compounds 8, 10, 11, and 16 possessed stronger anticancer activities against A549 cells than the positive control Bay (25.8 µM), with IC50 values ranging from 5.8 to 24.2 µM. Compound 10 reduced the expression of Blc-2 and pro-caspase3 and increased the production of Bax as determined by western blotting. Molecular docking experiment suggested that 10 bound stably to the BH3-binding groove of the Bcl-2 protein by hydrogen bond interactions. These compounds could be candidates for anticancer agents with cytotoxic activity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Polygonatum/química , Rizoma/química , Esteroides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Esteroides/química , Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Phytochemistry ; 164: 206-214, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177053

RESUMO

Eight undescribed cholestane glycosides named osaundersioside A-H, along with three previously known compounds named osaundersioside I-K were isolated from Ornithogalum saundersiae Baker bulbs (Asparagaceae). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and chemical methods. All isolates were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity and inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production. Osaundersioside C was thus determined to exhibit specific cytotoxicity towards MCF-7 cell line with an IC50 value of 0.20 µM, Osaundersioside H exhibited inhibitory effect on NO production in macrophages at the concentration of 10-5 M, with inhibition rate of 56.81%.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Asparagaceae/química , Colestanos/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Colestanos/química , Colestanos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Células MCF-7 , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Casca de Planta/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Pharm Res ; 36(9): 127, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236836

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded genipin-crosslinked gelatin microspheres (GP-MS) are a prolonged IP delivery system under development for the treatment of peritoneal minimal residual disease (pMRD). Here, we show the use of a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PKPD) modelling approach to inform the formulation development of PTX-GP-MS in a mice pMRD model. METHODS: PTX blood concentrations and survival data were obtained in Balb/c Nu mice receiving different single IP doses (7.5 and/or 35 mg/kg) of PTX-ethanolic loaded GP-MS (PTXEtOH-GP-MS), PTX-nanosuspension loaded GP-MS (PTXnano-GP-MS), and immediate release formulation Abraxane®. A population PK model was developed to characterize the PTX blood concentration pattern and to predict PTX concentrations in peritoneum. Afterwards, PKPD relationships between the predicted peritoneal or blood concentrations and survival were explored using time-to-event modelling. RESULTS: A PKPD model was developed that simultaneously describes the competing effects of treatment efficacy (driven by peritoneal concentration) and toxicity (driven by blood concentration) of PTX on survival. Clear survival advantages of PTXnano-GP-MS over PTXEtOH-GP-MS and Abraxane® were found. Simulations of different doses of PTXnano-GP-MS demonstrated that drug-induced toxicity is high at doses between 20 and 35 mg/kg. CONCLUSIONS: The model predicts that the dose range of 7.5-15 mg/kg of PTXnano-GP-MS provides an optimal balance between efficacy and safety.


Assuntos
Paclitaxel Ligado a Albumina/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel Ligado a Albumina/química , Paclitaxel Ligado a Albumina/farmacocinética , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacocinética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Portadores de Fármacos , Gelatina/química , Humanos , Iridoides/química , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Microesferas , Modelos Biológicos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104190, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163199

RESUMO

The genus Tripterygium belongs to the family Celastraceae, and contains three species, i.e. Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. F, Tripterygium hypoglaucum (Levl.) Hutch. and Tripterygium regelii Sprague et Takeda. All three species are reported to have excellent medicinal properties that help to cure rheumatoid arthritis, nephrotic syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and widely used as a folk medicine in China. Phytochemical studies have led to discovering more than 500 secondary metabolites in this genus, including five main types: sesquiterpenoids, diterpenes, triterpenoids, flavonoids, lignans. This work provides structurally grouping statistic of 198 secondary metabolites of Tripterygium species published from 2008 to the present, as well as pharmacological knowledges in the past five years. The information will be helpful for developing the new discoveries of medicinal value related to the genus Tripterygium.


Assuntos
Tripterygium/química , Tripterygium/classificação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Antivirais/química , Diterpenos/química , Flavonoides/química , Humanos , Imunossupressores/química , Lignanas/química , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Metabolismo Secundário , Sesquiterpenos/química , Triterpenos/química
19.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(26): 7378-7389, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184118

RESUMO

The molecular mechanism of Juglone-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human endometrial cancer cells was investigated. Juglone was purified from the green husk of Carya cathayensis Sarg and identified by HPLC, LC-MS/MS, and NMR. At an IC50 of 20.81 µM, juglone significantly inhibited Ishikawa cell proliferation, as shown by S phase arrest mediated by inactivation of cyclin A protein ( p < 0.05). The ROS levels increased significantly after exposure to juglone, which paralleled increases in the mRNA and protein expression of p21 and decreases in the levels of CDK2, cdc25A, CHK1, and cyclin A. The expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL was significantly down-regulated, whereas the expression of Bax, Bad and cyto c was up-regulated, and we later confirmed the involvement of the mitochondrial pathway in juglone-induced apoptosis. Our in vitro results stated that juglone can be studied further as an effective natural anticancer agent.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carya/química , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/fisiopatologia , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Endométrio/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Naftoquinonas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Fosfatases cdc25/genética , Fosfatases cdc25/metabolismo
20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(26): 7274-7280, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244200

RESUMO

Bioactivity-guided separation led to the isolation of six novel phenanthrenes, spiranthesphenanthrenes A-F (1-6), together with 19 known compounds, including seven phenanthrenes (7-13), one bibenzyl compound (14), five flavonoids (15-16 and 20-22), and six simple phenolic compounds (17-19 and 23-25), from the petroleum ether (PE) and ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extracts of Spiranthes sinensis (Pers.) Ames, an edible medicinal plant named "panlongshen" in Chinese that is popularly used in medicinal foods and herbal teas. The structures of the obtained compounds were identified on the basis of extensive NMR spectroscopy and HR-ESI-MS analyses. The cytotoxicities of the phenanthrenes (1-13), the bibenzyl compound (14) , and the flavonoids (15-16 and 20-22) toward SGC-7901, HepG2, and B16-F10 cell lines were examined in vitro. Compounds 1 and 7 exhibited moderate cytotoxic activities toward all of the selected cancer cell lines, and their IC50 values ranged from 19.0 ± 7.3 to 30.2 ± 5.6 µM. Spiranthesphenanthrene A (1) exhibited higher cytotoxic activity than the positive control cisplatin toward the B16-F10 cell line (IC50 = 19.0 ± 7.3 µM). A wound healing assay revealed the inhibition of the migration of B16-F10 cancer cells in a time- and dose-dependent pattern by treatment with 2.5, 5, and 10 µM solutions of compound 1 for 24 and 48 h, respectively. Western blots revealed that compound 1 obviously increased the level of the E-cadherin protein (an epithelial marker) and decreased the levels of the vimentin and N-cadherin proteins (mesenchymal markers). Furthermore, the level of the transcription factor Snail was also obviously decreased by compound 1 in a dose-dependent manner. Taken together, compound 1 inhibits the migration of B16-F10 cancer cells, which may be closely related to the inhibition of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Compound 1 represents a promising drug candidate for the prevention of tumor metastasis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Orchidaceae/química , Fenantrenos/química , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fenantrenos/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação
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