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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18653, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy of serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) treatment for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) METHODS:: Two authors independently searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cochran Library, and Web of Science to identify and review articles published from January 1998 until December 2018 according to selection criteria. Outcomes were expressed as mean difference, the pooled odds ratio, or relative risk in a meta-analysis model. RESULTS: A total of 10 studies were included in this meta-analysis: 6 randomized-controlled studies and 4 observational studies. Meta-analysis showed that CIPN was improved after treatment with SNRI (standardized mean difference = 2.20; 95% confidence interval, 0.90-3.49; I = 93% in 3 randomized controlled studies). Somnolence and insomnia occurred in <15% of patients. Incidence of somnolence was lower than with pregabalin treatment, and insomnia was comparable to that in expectant management or pregabalin treatment. Incidence of nausea and vomiting was higher than in expectant management, but no significant difference was found when compared to expectant management. CONCLUSION: From the several available studies suitable for indirect comparison, SNRI shows excellent efficacy and tolerability to CIPN. SNRI could provide an important treatment option for CIPN.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Recaptação de Serotonina e Norepinefrina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente
2.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1105): 20190289, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the occurrence of cardiotoxicity-related left-ventricular (LV) contractile dysfunction in breast cancer patients following treatment with antineoplastic chemotherapy agents. METHODS: A validated and automated MRI-based LV contractility analysis tool consisting of quantization-based boundary detection, unwrapping of image phases and the meshfree Radial Point Interpolation Method was used toward measuring LV chamber quantifications (LVCQ), three-dimensional strains and torsions in patients and healthy subjects. Data were acquired with the Displacement Encoding with Stimulated Echoes (DENSE) sequence on 21 female patients and 21 age-matched healthy females. Estimates of patient LVCQs from DENSE acquisitions were validated in comparison to similar steady-state free precession measurements and their strain results validated via Bland-Altman interobserver agreements. The occurrence of LV abnormalities was investigated via significant differences in contractility measurements (LVCQs, strains and torsions) between patients and healthy subjects. RESULTS: Repeated measures analysis showed similarities between LVCQ measurements from DENSE and steady-state free precession, including cardiac output (4.7 ± 0.4 L, 4.6 ± 0.4 L, p = 0.8), and LV ejection fractions (59±6%, 58±5%, p = 0.2). Differences found between patients and healthy subjects included enlarged basal diameter (5.0 ± 0.5 cm vs 4.4 ± 0.5 cm, p < 0.01), apical torsion (6.0 ± 1.1° vs 9.7 ± 1.4°, p < 0.001) and global longitudinal strain (-0.15 ± 0.02 vs. -0.21 ± 0.04, p < 0.001), but not LV ejection fraction (59±6% vs. 63±6%, p = 0.1). CONCLUSION: The results from the statistical analysis reveal the possibility of LV abnormalities in the post-chemotherapy patients via enlarged basal diameter and reduced longitudinal strain and torsion, in comparison to healthy subjects. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This study shows that subclinical LV abnormalities in post-chemotherapy breast cancer patients can be detected with an automated technique for the comprehensive analysis of contractile parameters.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotoxicidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/induzido quimicamente , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Algoritmos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contração Miocárdica
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18210, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cisplatin is often used for the treatment of oral cancer (OC). However, there are inconsistent results. Thus, this study plans to systematically assess the clinical efficacy and safety of cisplatin for adult patients with OC. METHODS: We will search for PUBMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, AMED, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. All of them will be searched from the construction of each database up to the present with no restrictions of language and publication status. The data analysis will be conducted using RevMan 5.3 software to assess the efficacy and safety of cisplatin for adult patients with OC. RESULTS: This study will summarize the most recent high-quality evidence and will provide helpful information about the efficacy and safety of cisplatin for adult patients with OC. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study will provide convinced evidence of cisplatin for adult patients with OC, and provide recommendations for clinical practice. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019156558.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
JAMA ; 322(18): 1799-1805, 2019 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714987

RESUMO

Importance: The incidence of chemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy is increasing and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. Objective: To assess the association of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with improvement in cardiac function, as well as clinical improvement in patients with chemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial-Chemotherapy-Induced Cardiomyopathy was an uncontrolled, prospective, cohort study conducted between November 21, 2014, and June 21, 2018, at 12 tertiary centers with cardio-oncology programs in the United States. Thirty patients were implanted with CRT owing to reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF≤35%), New York Heart Association class II-IV heart failure symptoms, and wide QRS complex, with established chemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy and were followed up for 6 months after CRT implantation. The date of final follow-up was February 6, 2019. Exposures: CRT implantation according to standard of care. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was change in LVEF from baseline to 6 months after initiating CRT. Secondary outcomes included all-cause mortality and change in left ventricular end-systolic volume and end-diastolic volume. Results: Among 30 patients who were enrolled (mean [SD] age, 64 [11] years; 26 women [87%]; 73% had a history of breast cancer; 20% had a history of lymphoma or leukemia), primary end point data were available for 26 patients and secondary end point data were available for 23 patients. Patients had nonischemic cardiomyopathy with left bundle branch block, median LVEF of 29%, and a mean QRS duration of 152 ms. Patients with CRT experienced a statistically significant improvement in mean LVEF at 6 months from 28% to 39% (difference, 10.6% [95% CI, 8.0%-13.3%]; P < .001). This was accompanied by a reduction in LV end-systolic volume from 122.7 to 89.0 mL (difference, 37.0 mL [95% CI, 28.2-45.8]) and reduction in LV end-diastolic volume from 171.0 to 143.2 mL (difference, 31.9 mL [95% CI, 22.1-41.6]) (both P < .001). Adverse events included a procedure-related pneumothorax (1 patient), a device pocket infection (1 patient), and heart failure requiring hospitalization during follow-up (1 patient). Conclusions and Relevance: In this preliminary study of patients with chemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy, CRT was associated with improvement in LVEF after 6 months. The findings are limited by the small sample size, short follow-up, and absence of a control group. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02164721.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Dispositivos de Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Cardiomiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda
5.
Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi ; 154(5): 236-240, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735750

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) considerably impairs cancer patients' QOL, and may lead to discontinuation of drug treatment of cancer. Currently, there is no effective strategy against CIPN. Therefore, it is an urgent issue to develop clinically available drugs that prevent or treat CIPN. We have shown that high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecule, plays an essential role in the development of CIPN. Most interestingly, thrombomodulin α, approved as a medicine for treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in Japan, causes thrombin-dependent degradation of extracellular HMGB1 that is released in response to chemotherapeutics, and prevents CIPN. Thus, we expect that targeting HMGB1 or its receptors would lead to prevention of CIPN in cancer patients in near future.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Proteína HMGB1 , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Trombomodulina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Japão , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/prevenção & controle
6.
Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi ; 154(5): 241-244, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735751

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a side effect frequently caused by taxanes. Because the mechanisms underlying CIPN pathogenesis remain to be fully elucidated, there is no indicator for objective diagnosis like a biomarker. In addition, treatment options for CIPN is still unsatisfactory. We have previously demonstrated that paclitaxel preferentially impair myelin-forming Schwann cells, and consequently induce dedifferentiation and demyelination of Schwann cells. Recently, in a paclitaxel CIPN model mouse, we found that an inflammatory factor is released from dedifferentiated Schwann cells in the mouse sciatic nerve into the blood, highly correlated with the on-set of mechanical hypersensitivity. On the other hand, considering our previous findings, it seems that some drugs, which supply newly formed mature Schwann cells at the sites of demyelinated lesions, may be a new beneficial therapy for taxane-induced peripheral neuropathy. In this review, we will introduce our findings about new therapeutic drug candidate for taxane-related CIPN based on this concept, and plasma biomarker to detect CIPN on-set and progression.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/terapia , Taxoides/efeitos adversos , Animais , Biomarcadores , Camundongos , Células de Schwann/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi ; 154(5): 245-248, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735752

RESUMO

Chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a numbness or tingling of the hands and feet that occur as a side effect of anticancer drugs including taxanes and platinum drugs. The effective treatments or preventive strategy are not established. Once it develops, symptoms persist for a long time and cause impairment in activity of daily living. Topical cooling is a preventive strategy for side effects of chemotherapy such as hair loss, oral microsites, and skin and nail disorder of the hands and feet. We conducted a clinical trial in breast cancer patients who received paclitaxel treatment to assess the effectiveness of cooling for CIPN prevention. In this study, the individual background factor was standardized using an intra-individual comparison design. In 40 subjects, frozen gloves and socks were applied on the dominant hand and foot from 15 minutes before the anti-cancer drug administration to 15 minutes after the end of administration (total 90 minutes) and compared with non-dominant hand and foot. As a result, clinically and statistically significant differences were observed for changes in tactile threshold evaluated by the monofilament test, subjective symptoms, and changes in dexterity evaluated by functional test. The current cooling system has not been well implemented in oncology field due to the lack of facility and human resources. To deliver this therapy broadly, it will be urgent to develop a medical cooling device that can provide safe and effective cryotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Crioterapia , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/terapia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17890, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702665

RESUMO

The retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of careful dose modification of apatinib as third or further-line treatment in advanced gastric cancer (aGC) patients with poor performance status (PS = 2 or 3).Patients with aGC of poor PS who had received at least 2 lines of chemotherapy were treated with apatinib at a dose of 250 mg initially and best supportive care (BSC). During the whole treatment, the dose of apatinib was adjusted according to the status of PS (group treatment). Meanwhile, patients of poor PS (PS = 2 or 3) with aGC who received BSC alone after second or further-line treatment in the recent 5 years in our institution have been investigated for their median overall survival (mOS) as control. Kaplan-Meier curve was adopted for the description of OS in the 2 groups. Univariate analysis was conducted with log-rank test between OS and the potential characteristics including gender, age, PS status, primary tumor lesion, Her-2 status, and previous lines of treatment. Toxicities were assessed with the criteria of National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria (NCI CTC) version 4.0.A total of 23 patients who received apatinib plus BSC treatment and 41 patients treated with BSC alone were reviewed in the present study. Median exposure time of apatinib was 2.4 months ranging from 0.2 to 5.1 months. The median OS in the group treatment was 4.3 months (95% CI, 2.735-5.865) comparing to the control as 2.1 months (95% CI, 1.473-2.727, P = .0004). In addition, PS status was shown as the only independently significant factor to influence the OS (P = .049). Fatigue (82.6%), appetite decrease (73.9%), and anemia (69.6%) appeared to be the most common adverse events at any grade during the therapy of apatinib.The outcomes of the present study revealed that therapeutic model of careful dose modification of apatinib therapy initiated with low dose plus BSC as third or further-line treatment might be more beneficial on survival time comparing to BSC alone in patients with aGC of poor PS, however, as well as apparent adverse events.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Paliativos , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6355-6358, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Pneumonitis is a serious complication after radiotherapy of breast cancer. This study aimed to identify its prevalence and potential risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 606 patients irradiated following breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy were retrospectively analyzed. In patients developing pneumonitis, radiation and clinical parameters were investigated to identify potential risk factors. RESULTS: Eleven patients (1.8%) developed a pneumonitis grade ≥2. Mean doses to the ipsilateral lung were >7 Gy in 5 patients (45%). Of the other patients, 5 had a chronic inflammatory disease. Six patients (55%) had another malignancy (4 previous contralateral breast cancers, 1 previous ovarian and thyroid cancer, 1 synchronous carcinoma-in-situ (pTis) at the contralateral breast). Five patients (45%) received chemotherapy including taxanes and 4 patients (36%) received trastuzumab. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of pneumonitis was 1.8%. Potential risk factors included mean radiation dose to ipsilateral lung >7 Gy, systemic treatment with taxanes or trastuzumab, chronic inflammatory disease and history of another malignancy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Pneumonite por Radiação/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma in Situ/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/efeitos da radiação , Mastectomia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Prevalência , Pneumonite por Radiação/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonite por Radiação/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17813, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the short-term efficacy, long-term efficacy, and adverse events (AEs) of elemene plus transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in comparison with TACE alone for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, the Chinese Scientific Journal Full-text Database, Wanfang Data, CBM, and VIP were searched by 2 reviewers using the same search strategy for clinical studies on elemene plus TACE in the treatment of HCC. These articles were screened according to pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the qualities of the included studies were assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. The primary outcomes were the objective response rate (ORR), the 1-year survival rate and AEs. Review Manager 5.3 and Stata 15.0 were used for the meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 10 studies involving 543 patients (TACE + elemene = 277, TACE alone = 266) were included. The results showed that the ORR was significantly improved in the combined treatment group compared to the TACE alone group (odds ratio [OR] = 2.72, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.84-4.00, P < .05). TACE + elemene significantly increased the 1-year survival rate (OR = 2.79, 95% CI: 1.58-4.95, P < .05). We also found no significant difference in gastrointestinal reactions (OR = 0.97, 95% CI: 0.57-1.64, P = .90), fever (OR = 0.80, 95% CI: 0.37-1.71, P = .56), or bone marrow suppression (OR = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.44-1.22, P = .23) between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Based on current findings, TACE + elemene injection may improve the ORR and the 1-year survival rate for HCC patients compared to TACE alone. Arterial perfusion may be superior to intravenous guttae.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Sesquiterpenos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Arteriais , Sesquiterpenos/administração & dosagem , Sesquiterpenos/efeitos adversos
11.
Hautarzt ; 70(12): 975-988, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720719

RESUMO

In the context of supportive therapy, possible complaints which may be caused by the cancer itself, by the antitumoral therapy or by psychosocial concerns are considered. Due to the introduction of new anticancer drugs in dermato-oncology, clinicians are confronted with a novel spectrum of adverse events. There are a number of inflammatory, immune-mediated side effects caused by immunotherapies, which can affect virtually any organ. Targeted therapies also have specific side effects. Basically, the management of adverse events depends on their severity. Besides treatment breaks and dosage modifications, immunotherapy-related adverse events are treated with systemic immunosuppressants. Supportive symptomatic therapy is offered. The additional consideration of psychosocial problems can improve quality of life of cancer patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Imunossupressores , Imunoterapia , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/terapia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Imunoterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida
12.
Expert Opin Investig Drugs ; 28(11): 941-949, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590579

RESUMO

Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver cancer and the burden of disease is increasing globally. Until recently, systemic therapies for HCC were limited and prognosis for advanced disease generally poor.Area covered: This article describes some recent phase I and II clinical trials for the treatment of HCC. We performed a search on Pubmed with keywords hepatocellular carcinoma, phase I clinical trial, phase II clinical trial, and immunotherapy. We also searched https://clinicaltrials.gov and identified relevant trials listed as active. Studies in progress or recently reported were conducted using novel therapies based on targets identified through molecular profiling of tumors or based on insights into immune system dysregulation in HCC. We also identified studies using drugs targeting recently discovered biomarkers such as endoglin or aldo-keto reductase 1c3. The major outcomes were safety and efficacy as measured by response rate, progression-free survival or overall survival.Expert opinion: HCC is a heterogeneous disease resulting from aberrations in intracellular signaling and immune system dysregulation. Thus, a multisystem approach will be required to deliver personalized therapy. Combination therapies are likely to be future options; it is also possible that modulation of the microbiome might form part of future treatment paradigms.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Drogas em Investigação/administração & dosagem , Drogas em Investigação/efeitos adversos , Drogas em Investigação/farmacologia , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Sobrevida
13.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5725-5731, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In lung cancer (LC) patients, pre-existing interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a risk of chemotherapy-associated acute exacerbation of ILD (AE-ILD). AE-ILD shows a diverse clinical course varying from fatal respiratory failure to asymptomatic event, and the prognostic impact is still unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the association between the prognosis and AE-ILD in 86 LC patients with pre-existing ILD who were treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy, especially focusing on histological types of LC. RESULTS: Thirty (34.9%) patients had AE-ILD, that was significantly associated with a poor prognosis in LC patients with ILD. When analyzed by histological types, a significant association of AE-ILD with shorter survival was observed only in the small cell LC (SCLC) group, but not in the non-small cell LC group. CONCLUSION: The development of AE-ILD by cytotoxic chemotherapy is associated with poor prognosis in LC patients with ILD, especially in patients with SCLC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/mortalidade , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/patologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17147, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574817

RESUMO

The study aims to examine the treatment effect and adverse reactions of patients with newly diagnosed MM receiving different bortezomib-based regimens.This was a retrospective study of patients with newly diagnosed MM and who were treated with bortezomib-based combined chemotherapy at the Department of Hematology of the 2 affiliated hospitals of Wenzhou Medical University between July 2009 and May 2016. Cox proportion hazard multivariate analyses were carried out to assess the differences in treatment effect and adverse events between standard (1.3 mg/m on days 1, 4, 8, 11) and weekly (1.6 mg/m on days 1, 8, 15) cohorts, as well as the differences between intravenous injection and subcutaneous injection therapy. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed using Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test.Among the 117 patients, 78 patients were treated with bortezomib standard therapy and 39 patients were treated with bortezomib weekly therapy (all with intravenous injection). In all patients, the treatment strategy was not independently associated with PFS or OS. The patients in the weekly therapy group had less thrombocytopenia events than those in the standard therapy group. The subcutaneous route had similar treatment effect as the intravenous route, but the incidence of peripheral neuropathy was lower.The once-weekly bortezomib regimen was similar in effectiveness to standard therapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed MM, but the incidence of thrombocytopenia was lower with the weekly regimen compared with the standard regimen.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Bortezomib/efeitos adversos , China , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17364, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574883

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We performed a meta-analyisis to evaluate the efficacy of maintenance dexamethasone against acute or delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in patients receiving moderately or highly emetic risk chemotherapy regimen. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies. Data comparing maintenance dexamethasone with single-dose dexamethasone during the acute, delayed, and overall phase of CINV were extracted. Overall risk ratio (RR) was used to estimate the efficacy and adverse effects. RESULTS: Nine studies were included. In delayed phase, maintenance dexamethasone has similar efficacy to single-dose dexamethasone for no emetic episodes (RR, 1.06; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00-1.14), complete response (RR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.98-1.11), complete control (RR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.98-1.16), and total control (RR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.91-1.23). In overall phase, maintenance dexamethasone has similar efficacy to single-dose dexamethasone for no emetic episodes (RR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.94-1.11), complete response (RR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.95 -1.09), complete control (RR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.94-1.13), total control (RR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.90-1.23), and no rescue medication (RR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.97-1.19). Maintenance dexamethasone was only superior to single-dose dexamethasone for no rescue medication during delayed phase (RR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.01-1.21, P = .034). The incidence of hiccup was observed higher in maintenance dexamethasone group (RR = 3.16, 95% CI, 1.12-8.92). CONCLUSION: The single-dose dexamethasone regimen offers high and similar overall control of symptoms as the maintenance dexamethasone regimen in this population. Multiple-day dexamethasone was suitable for patients who used rescue medication during the delayed phase.


Assuntos
Antieméticos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Náusea/prevenção & controle , Vômito/prevenção & controle , Protocolos Clínicos , Humanos , Náusea/induzido quimicamente , Vômito/induzido quimicamente
16.
N Engl J Med ; 381(18): 1728-1740, 2019 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with mutations in the FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 gene (FLT3) infrequently have a response to salvage chemotherapy. Gilteritinib is an oral, potent, selective FLT3 inhibitor with single-agent activity in relapsed or refractory FLT3-mutated AML. METHODS: In a phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned adults with relapsed or refractory FLT3-mutated AML in a 2:1 ratio to receive either gilteritinib (at a dose of 120 mg per day) or salvage chemotherapy. The two primary end points were overall survival and the percentage of patients who had complete remission with full or partial hematologic recovery. Secondary end points included event-free survival (freedom from treatment failure [i.e., relapse or lack of remission] or death) and the percentage of patients who had complete remission. RESULTS: Of 371 eligible patients, 247 were randomly assigned to the gilteritinib group and 124 to the salvage chemotherapy group. The median overall survival in the gilteritinib group was significantly longer than that in the chemotherapy group (9.3 months vs. 5.6 months; hazard ratio for death, 0.64; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.49 to 0.83; P<0.001). The median event-free survival was 2.8 months in the gilteritinib group and 0.7 months in the chemotherapy group (hazard ratio for treatment failure or death, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.58 to 1.09). The percentage of patients who had complete remission with full or partial hematologic recovery was 34.0% in the gilteritinib group and 15.3% in the chemotherapy group (risk difference, 18.6 percentage points; 95% CI, 9.8 to 27.4); the percentages with complete remission were 21.1% and 10.5%, respectively (risk difference, 10.6 percentage points; 95% CI, 2.8 to 18.4). In an analysis that was adjusted for therapy duration, adverse events of grade 3 or higher and serious adverse events occurred less frequently in the gilteritinib group than in the chemotherapy group; the most common adverse events of grade 3 or higher in the gilteritinib group were febrile neutropenia (45.9%), anemia (40.7%), and thrombocytopenia (22.8%). CONCLUSIONS: Gilteritinib resulted in significantly longer survival and higher percentages of patients with remission than salvage chemotherapy among patients with relapsed or refractory FLT3-mutated AML. (Funded by Astellas Pharma; ADMIRAL ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02421939.).


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Mutação , Pirazinas/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Salvação , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Compostos de Anilina/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pirazinas/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (10): 88-90, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626245

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases and malignancies are leading causes of mortality in the world. Two categories of advanced age patients with cancer are observed in clinical practice. These are patients with cardiovascular diseases as comorbidities and patients with cardiovascular diseases as a complications of targeted therapy for cancer. Cardiac toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs results myocardial dysfunction, occurrence or progression of heart valve disease, coronary artery disease, arterial hypertension and thromboembolism. A patient who underwent aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass surgery is discussed in the article. Aortic valve disease and coronary artery disease were complications of targeted radio- and chemotherapy for sigmoid colon cancer followed by lung and liver metastases. Questions of timely diagnosis and treatment of advanced age patients in multi-field surgical clinic are also analyzed.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/terapia , Valva Aórtica/efeitos dos fármacos , Valva Aórtica/efeitos da radiação , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/patologia
18.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(10): 728-733, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648493

RESUMO

The incidence of retroperitoneal tumor is low, and treatment is difficult.According to the recent updates of evidence-based medical evidence at home and abroad, the consensus on the standardized treatment of retroperitoneal tumors were discussed including examination and diagnosis , surgical treatment comprehensive treatment, nutrition, rehabilitation, and review and follow-up, etc.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Consenso , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , China , Humanos , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/patologia
19.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(10): 734-741, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648494

RESUMO

Microsatellite instability (MSI) which resulted from the deficiency of DNA mismatch repair (MMR), is an important clinical significance in the related solid tumors, such as colorectal cancer and endometrial cancer. There are several methods to detect MSI status, including immunohistochemistry for MMR protein, multiplex fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for microsatellite site and MSI algorithm based on next generation sequencing (NGS). The consensus elaborates the definition and clinical significance of MSI as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the three detection methods. Through this expert consensus, we hope to promote the screening which based on MSI status in malignant tumors and improve the acknowledge of clinicians about various testing methods. Thereby, they could interpret the results more accurately and provide better clinical services to patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Consenso , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , China , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Sequência de DNA Instável , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Repetições de Microssatélites , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(10): 775-781, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648501

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of apatinib combined with chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with negative driving genes. Methods: From January 2016 to March 2018, 62 advanced NSCLC patients with negative driving genes diagnosed at Xuzhou Cancer Hospital were randomly divided into study group (30 cases) and control group (32 cases), respectively. The patients in the study group were treated with standard first-line chemotherapy combined with apatinib, while those in control group were treated with chemotherapy alone. Results: The disease control rate (DCR) and objective remission rate (ORR) in the study group were 60.0% and 16.7%, respectively, higher than 46.9% and 9.3% in the control group, but without statistical difference (P>0.05). The median progression-free survival (PFS) of study group and control group were 6.4 months and 4.9 months, respectively (P=0.004), and the median overall survival (OS) were 11.3 months and 9.2 months, respectively (P=0.006). Multivariate survival analysis indicated that treatment regimen (P=0.001) was the independent prognostic factor of PFS, and PS score (P=0.002), clinical stage (P=0.02) and treatment regimen (P<0.001) were the independent prognostic factors of OS. After treatment, the incidence of hypertension and hand-foot syndrome in the study group were 46.7% and 53.3%, respectively, significantly higher than 3.3% and 0 in the control group, respectively (P<0.05). The incidence of grade 3-4 adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in the study group was 26.7% (8/30), mainly including hypertension, hand-foot syndrome and bone marrow suppression. The incidence of grade 3-4 ADRs in the control group was 15.6% (5/32), all of which were bone marrow suppression, without significant difference (P=0.286). There was no difference in serum levels of VEGF and CEA between the two groups before treatment. After treatment, the serum level of VEGF in the study group was (169.3±10.1) pg/ml, lower than (211.8±16.7) pg/ml of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Apatinib combined with first-line chemotherapy for advanced NSCLC patients with negative driving genes is safe and beneficial for survival. This therapeutic strategy can significantly prolong the PFS and OS, and further improvement and application can be considered as a choice in the clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , China/epidemiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Síndrome Mão-Pé/complicações , Síndrome Mão-Pé/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Incidência , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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