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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445489

RESUMO

An original synthetic route was developed for the preparation of previously unknown unsaturated polyaromatic macrolactones containing a 1Z,5Z-diene moiety in 48-71% yields and with >98% stereoselectivity. The method is based on intermolecular cyclocondensation of aromatic dicarboxylic acids with α,ω-alka-nZ,(n+4)Z-dienediols (1,12-dodeca-4Z,8Z-dienediol, 1,14-tetradeca-5Z,9Z-dienediol, 1,18-octadeca-7Z,11Z-dienediol) mediated by N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC)/4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP). The unsaturated diols were prepared by successive homo-cyclomagnesiation of tetrahydropyran ethers of O-containing 1,2-dienes with EtMgBr in the presence of Mg metal and the Cp2TiCl2 catalyst (10 mol.%) and subsequent treatment with 0.1 equiv. of para-toluenesulfonic acid of pyran ethers formed after the acid hydrolysis of magnesacyclopentanes. The resulting cyclophanes exhibited high cytotoxic activity in vitro against Jurkat, K562, U937, and HL60 cancer lines. Additionally, the synthesized products were studied for their effect on mitochondria, ability to induce apoptosis, and influence on the cell cycle using modern flow cytometry methods.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Éteres Cíclicos/síntese química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Reação de Cicloadição , Éteres Cíclicos/química , Éteres Cíclicos/farmacologia , Citometria de Fluxo , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Células K562 , Estrutura Molecular
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445506

RESUMO

Hypoxia-regulated protein carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) is up-regulated in different tumor entities and correlated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. Due to the radio- and chemotherapy resistance of solid hypoxic tumors, derivatives of betulinic acid (BA), a natural compound with anticancer properties, seem to be promising to benefit these cancer patients. We synthesized new betulin sulfonamides and determined their cytotoxicity in different breast cancer cell lines. Additionally, we investigated their effects on clonogenic survival, cell death, extracellular pH, HIF-1α, CA IX and CA XII protein levels and radiosensitivity. Our study revealed that cytotoxicity increased after treatment with the betulin sulfonamides compared to BA or their precursors, especially in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. CA IX activity as well as CA IX and CA XII protein levels were reduced by the betulin sulfonamides. We observed elevated inhibitory efficiency against protumorigenic processes such as proliferation and clonogenic survival and the promotion of cell death and radiosensitivity compared to the precursor derivatives. In particular, TNBC cells showed benefit from the addition of sulfonamides onto BA and revealed that betulin sulfonamides are promising compounds to treat more aggressive breast cancers, or are at the same level against less aggressive breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/química , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Antígenos de Neoplasias/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Anidrase Carbônica IX/química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Hipóxia Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Tolerância a Radiação , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445409

RESUMO

This article describes the synthesis, characterization, and biological activity of novel square-planar cationic platinum(II) complexes containing glucoconjugated triazole ligands and a comparison with the results obtained from the corresponding five-coordinate complexes bearing the same triazole ligands. Stability in solution, reactivity with DNA and small molecules of the new compounds were evaluated by NMR, fluorescence, and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, together with their cytotoxic action against pairs of immortalized and tumorigenic cell lines. The results show that the square-planar species exhibit greater stability than the corresponding five-coordinate ones. Furthermore, although the square-planar complexes are less cytotoxic than the latter ones, they exhibit a certain selectivity. These results simultaneously demonstrate that overall stability is a fundamental prerequisite for preserving the performance of the agents and that coordinative saturation constitutes a point in favor of their biological action.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Glucose/química , Compostos Organoplatínicos/síntese química , Triazóis/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ligantes , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organoplatínicos/química , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Ratos
4.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1760-1782, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340610

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) plays a critical role in cancer angiogenesis. Inhibition of VEGFR-2 activity proved effective suppression of tumour propagation. Accordingly, two series of new 3-methylquinoxaline derivatives have been designed and synthesised as VEGFR-2 inhibitors. The synthesised derivatives were evaluated in vitro for their cytotoxic activities against MCF-7and HepG2 cell lines. In addition, the VEGFR-2 inhibitory activities of the target compounds were estimated to indicate the potential mechanism of their cytotoxicity. To a great extent, the results of VEGFR-2 inhibition were highly correlated with that of cytotoxicity. Compound 27a was the most potent VEGFR-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 3.2 nM very close to positive control sorafenib (IC50 = 3.12 nM). Such compound exhibited a strong cytotoxic effect against MCF-7 and HepG2, respectively with IC50 of 7.7 and 4.5 µM in comparison to sorafenib (IC50 = 3.51 and 2.17 µM). In addition, compounds 28, 30f, 30i, and 31b exhibited excellent VEGFR-2 inhibition activities (IC50 range from 4.2 to 6.1 nM) with promising cytotoxic activity. Cell cycle progression and apoptosis induction were investigated for the most active member 27a. Also, the effect of 27a on the level of caspase-3, caspase-9, and BAX/Bcl-2 ratio was determined. Molecular docking studies were implemented to interpret the binding mode of the target compounds with the VEGFR-2 pocket. Furthermore, toxicity and ADMET calculations were performed for the synthesised compounds to study their pharmacokinetic profiles.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenho de Fármacos , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360872

RESUMO

Despite the numerous available treatments for cancer, many patients succumb to side effects and reoccurrence. Zinc oxide (ZnO) quantum dots (QDs) are inexpensive inorganic nanomaterials with potential applications in photodynamic therapy. To verify the photoluminescence of ZnO QDs and determine their inhibitory effect on tumors, we synthesized and characterized ZnO QDs modified with polyvinylpyrrolidone. The photoluminescent properties and reactive oxygen species levels of these ZnO/PVP QDs were also measured. Finally, in vitro and in vivo experiments were performed to test their photodynamic therapeutic effects in SW480 cancer cells and female nude mice. Our results indicate that the ZnO QDs had good photoluminescence and exerted an obvious inhibitory effect on SW480 tumor cells. These findings illustrate the potential applications of ZnO QDs in the fields of photoluminescence and photodynamic therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Povidona , Pontos Quânticos/uso terapêutico , Óxido de Zinco , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Povidona/química , Povidona/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Óxido de Zinco/química , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360565

RESUMO

A series of novel mono and bishydrazones each bearing a 2-oxindole moiety along with substituted phenylaminopropanamide, pyrrolidin-2-one, benzimidazole, diphenylmethane, or diphenylamine fragments were synthesized, and their anticancer activities were tested by MTT assay against human melanoma A375 and colon adenocarcinoma HT-29 cell lines. In general, the synthesized compounds were more cytotoxic against HT-29 than A375. 3-((4-Methoxyphenyl)(3-oxo-3-(2-(2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene)hydrazinyl)propyl)amino)-N'-(2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene)propanehydrazide and (N',N‴)-1,1'-(methylenebis(4,1-phenylene))bis(5-oxo-N'-(2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene)pyrrolidine-3-carbohydrazide) were identified as the most active compounds against HT-29 in 2D and 3D cell cultures. The same compounds showed the highest antioxidant activity among the synthesized compounds screened by ferric reducing antioxidant power assay (FRAP). Their antioxidant activity is on par with that of a well-known antioxidant ascorbic acid.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Hidrazonas/química , Isatina/química , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antioxidantes/síntese química , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Humanos , Melanoma/patologia , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
7.
Inorg Chem ; 60(16): 12172-12185, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346215

RESUMO

Morpholine motif is an important pharmacophore and, depending on the molecular design, may localize in cellular acidic vesicles. To understand the importance of the presence of pendant morpholine in a metal complex, six bidentate N,O-donor ligands with or without a pendant morpholine unit and their corresponding ruthenium(II) p-cymene complexes (1-6) are synthesized, purified, and structurally characterized by various analytical methods including X-ray diffraction. Complexes 2-4 crystallized in the P21/c space group, whereas 5 and 6 crystallized in the P1̅ space group. The solution stability studies using 1H NMR support instantaneous hydrolysis of the native complexes to form monoaquated species in a solution of 3:7 (v/v) dimethyl sulfoxide-d6 and 20 mM phosphate buffer (pH* 7.4, containing 4 mM NaCl). The monoaquated complexes are stable for at least up to 24 h. The complexes display excellent in vitro antiproliferative activity (IC50 ca. 1-14 µM) in various cancer cell lines, viz., MDA-MB-231, MiaPaCa2, and Hep-G2. The presence of the pendant morpholine does not improve the dose efficacy, but rather, with 2-[[(2,6-dimethylphenyl)imino]methyl]phenol (HL1) and its pendant morpholine analogue (HL3) giving complexes 1 and 3, respectively, the antiproliferative activity was poorer with 3. MDA-MB-231 cells treated with the complexes show that the acidic vesicles remain acidic, but the population of acidic vesicles increases or decreases with time of exposure, as observed from the dispersed red puncta, depending on the complex used. The presence of the 2,6-disubstituted aniline and the naphthyl group seems to improve the antiproliferative dose. The complex treated MDA-MB-231 cells show that cathepsin D, which is otherwise present in the cytosolic lysosomes, translocates to the nucleus as a result of exposure to the complexes. Irrespective of the presence of a morpholine motif, the complexes do not activate caspase-3 to induce apoptosis and seem to favor the necrotic pathway of cell killing.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Cimenos/química , Morfolinas/química , Rutênio/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular
8.
Chem Biol Interact ; 347: 109597, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303695

RESUMO

In this work, 22 new compounds were obtained and evaluated for their cytotoxic activity on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and eight different tumor cell lines. All compounds displayed IC50 values above 100 µM when assayed against PBMCs. The cytotoxic assays in tumor cell lines revealed that sub-series of phthalimido-bis-1,3-thiazoles (5a-f) exhibited the best anti-tumor activity profile, presenting viability values below 59 %. As a result, the IC50 value was calculated for compounds 5a-f and 4c, and compounds 5b and 5e were selected for further assays due to their best IC50s. Considering the results presented by the sub-series 5a-f, the importance of the 1,3-thiazole ring in improving the anti-tumor activity was pointed out. Together, the results highlighted the anti-tumor activity of phthalimido-bis-1,3-thiazole derivatives.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Células K562 , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1732-1750, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325596

RESUMO

There is an urgent need to design new anticancer agents that can prevent cancer cell proliferation even with minimal side effects. Accordingly, two new series of 3-methylquinoxalin-2(1H)-one and 3-methylquinoxaline-2-thiol derivatives were designed to act as VEGFR-2 inhibitors. The designed derivatives were synthesised and evaluated in vitro as cytotoxic agents against two human cancer cell lines namely, HepG-2 and MCF-7. Also, the synthesised derivatives were assessed for their VEGFR-2inhibitory effect. The most promising member 11e were further investigated to reach a valuable insight about its apoptotic effect through cell cycle and apoptosis analyses. Moreover, deep investigations were carried out for compound 11e using western-plot analyses to detect its effect against some apoptotic and apoptotic parameters including caspase-9, caspase-3, BAX, and Bcl-2. Many in silico investigations including docking, ADMET, toxicity studies were performed to predict binding affinity, pharmacokinetic, drug likeness, and toxicity of the synthesised compounds. The results revealed that compounds 11e, 11g, 12e, 12g, and 12k exhibited promising cytotoxic activities (IC50 range is 2.1 - 9.8 µM), comparing to sorafenib (IC50 = 3.4 and 2.2 µM against MCF-7 and HepG2, respectively). Moreover, 11b, 11f, 11g, 12e, 12f, 12g, and 12k showed the highest VEGFR-2 inhibitory activities (IC50 range is 2.9 - 5.4 µM), comparing to sorafenib (IC50 = 3.07 nM). Additionally, compound 11e had good potential to arrest the HepG2 cell growth at G2/M phase and to induce apoptosis by 49.14% compared to the control cells (9.71%). As well, such compound showed a significant increase in the level of caspase-3 (2.34-fold), caspase-9 (2.34-fold), and BAX (3.14-fold), and a significant decrease in Bcl-2 level (3.13-fold). For in silico studies, the synthesised compounds showed binding mode similar to that of the reference compound (sorafenib).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinoxalinas/síntese química , Quinoxalinas/farmacologia , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Simulação por Computador , Descoberta de Drogas , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Quinoxalinas/farmacocinética , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1488-1499, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227457

RESUMO

New cyanobenzofurans derivatives 2-12 were synthesised, and their antiproliferative activity was examined compared to doxorubicin and Afatinib (IC50 = 4.17-8.87 and 5.5-11.2 µM, respectively). Compounds 2 and 8 exhibited broad-spectrum activity against HePG2 (IC50 = 16.08-23.67 µM), HCT-116 (IC50 = 8.81-13.85 µM), and MCF-7 (IC50 = 8.36-17.28 µM) cell lines. Compounds 2, 3, 8, 10, and 11 were tested as EGFR-TK inhibitors to demonstrate their possible anti-tumour mechanism compared to gefitinib (IC50 = 0.90 µM). Compounds 2, 3, 10, and 11 displayed significant EGFR TK inhibitory activity with IC50 of 0.81-1.12 µM. Compounds 3 and 11 induced apoptosis at the Pre-G phase and cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase. They also increased the level of caspase-3 by 5.7- and 7.3-fold, respectively. The molecular docking analysis of compounds 2, 3, 10, and 11 indicated that they could bind to the active site of EGFR TK.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Nitrilas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzofuranos/síntese química , Benzofuranos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Nitrilas/síntese química , Nitrilas/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
11.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1436-1453, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229558

RESUMO

This study describes the synthesis and vacuole-inducing activity of 5-((4-(pyridin-3-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl)amino)-1H-indole-2-carbohydrazide derivatives, including five potent derivatives 12c, 12 g, 12i, 12n, and 12A that exhibit excellent vacuole-inducing activity. Remarkably, 12A effectively induces methuosis in tested cancer cells but not human normal cells. In addition, 12A exhibits high pan-cytotoxicity against different cancer cell lines but is hardly toxic to normal cells. It is found that the 12A-induced vacuoles are derived from macropinosomes but not autophagosomes. The 12A-induced cytoplasmic vacuoles may originate from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and be accompanied by ER stress. The MAPK/JNK signalling pathway is involved in the 12A-induced methuotic cell death. Moreover, 12A exhibits significant inhibition of tumour growth in the MDA-MB-231 xenograft mouse model. The excellent potency and selectivity of 12A prompt us to select it as a good lead compound for further development of methuosis inducers and investigation of the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying methuosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Hidrazinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrazinas/síntese química , Hidrazinas/química , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/patologia , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
12.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1541-1552, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238111

RESUMO

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and malignant primary brain tumour in the central nervous system (CNS). As the ideal targets for GBM treatment, Src family kinases (SFKs) have attracted much attention. Herein, a new series of imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-2-one derivatives were designed and synthesised as SFK inhibitors. Compounds 1d, 1e, 1q, 1s exhibited potential Src and Fyn kinase inhibition in the submicromolar range, of which were next tested for their antiproliferative potency on four GBM cell lines. Compound 1s showed effective activity against U87, U251, T98G, and U87-EGFRvIII GBM cell lines, comparable to that of lead compound PP2. Molecular dynamics (MDs) simulation revealed the possible binding patterns of the most active compound 1s in ATP binding site of SFKs. ADME prediction suggested that 1s accord with the criteria of CNS drugs. These results led us to identify a novel SFK inhibitor as candidate for GBM treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinolonas/farmacologia , Quinases da Família src/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Imidazóis/síntese química , Imidazóis/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Quinolonas/síntese química , Quinolonas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo
13.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1553-1563, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251942

RESUMO

A series of 11 new substituted 1,5-dihydro-4,1-benzoxazepine derivatives was synthesised to study the influence of the methyl group in the 1-(benzenesulphonyl) moiety, the replacement of the purine by the benzotriazole bioisosteric analogue, and the introduction of a bulky substituent at position 6 of the purine, on the biological effects. Their inhibition against isolated HER2 was studied and the structure-activity relationships have been confirmed by molecular modelling studies. The most potent compound against isolated HER2 is 9a with an IC50 of 7.31 µM. We have investigated the effects of the target compounds on cell proliferation. The most active compound (7c) against all the tumour cell lines studied (IC50 0.42-0.86 µM) does not produce any modification in the expression of pro-caspase 3, but increases the caspase 1 expression, and promotes pyroptosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
14.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1521-1539, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266349

RESUMO

Hydrazone is a bioactive pharmacophore that can be used to design antitumor agents. We synthesised a series of hydrazones (compounds 4-24) incorporating a 4-methylsulfonylbenzene scaffold and analysed their potential antitumor activity. Compounds 6, 9, 16, and 20 had the most antitumor activity with a positive cytotoxic effect (PCE) of 52/59, 27/59, 59/59, and 59/59, respectively, while compounds 5, 10, 14, 15, 18, and 19 had a moderate antitumor activity with a PCE of 11/59-14/59. Compound 20 was the most active and had a mean 50% cell growth inhibition (GI50) of 0.26 µM. Compounds 9 and 20 showed the highest inhibitory activity against COX-2, with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 2.97 and 6.94 µM, respectively. Compounds 16 and 20 significantly inhibited EGFR (IC50 = 0.2 and 0.19 µM, respectively) and HER2 (IC50 = 0.13 and 0.07 µM, respectively). Molecular docking studies of derivatives 9, 16, and 20 into the binding sites of COX-2, EGFR, and HER2 were carried out to explore the interaction mode and the structural requirements for antitumor activity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Hidrazonas/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Hidrazonas/química , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/química
15.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1563-1572, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281464

RESUMO

A series of tertiary sulphonamide derivatives were synthesised and evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against liver cancer cell lines (SNU-475, HepG-2, and Bel-7402). Among these tertiary sulphonamides, compound 17a displayed the best anti-liver cancer activity against Bel-7402 cells with an IC50 value of 0.32 µM. Compound 17a could effectively inhibit tubulin polymerisation with an IC50 value of 1.27 µM. Meanwhile, it selectively suppressed LSD1 with an IC50 value of 63 nM. It also concentration-dependently inhibited migration against Bel-7402 cells. Importantly, tertiary sulphonamide 17a exhibited the potent antitumor activity in vivo. All these findings revealed that compound 17a might be a tertiary sulphonamide-based dual inhibitor of tubulin polymerisation and LSD1 to treat liver cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Histona Desmetilases/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Estrutura Molecular , Polimerização/efeitos dos fármacos , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/síntese química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química
16.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1622-1631, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284695

RESUMO

Some methoxy-, hydroxyl-, pyridyl-, or fluoro-substituted 3,5-bis(arylidene)-4-piperidones (BAPs) could reduce inflammation and promote hepatoma cell apoptosis by inhibiting activation of NF-κB, especially after introduction of trifluoromethyl. Herein, a series of trifluoromethyl-substituted BAPs (4-30) were synthesised and the biological activities were evaluated. We successfully found the most potential 16, which contains three trifluoromethyl substituents and exhibits the best anti-tumour and anti-inflammatory activities. Preliminary mechanism research revealed that 16 could promote HepG2 cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner by down-regulating the expression of Bcl-2 and up-regulating the expression of Bax, C-caspase-3. Meanwhile, 16 inhibited activation of NF-κB by directly inhibiting the phosphorylation of p65 and IκBα induced by LPS, together with indirectly inhibiting MAPK pathway, thereby exhibiting both anti-hepatoma and anti-inflammatory activities. Molecular docking confirmed that 16 could bind to the active sites of Bcl-2, p65, and p38 reasonably. The above results suggested that 16 has enormous potential to be developed as a multifunctional agent for the clinical treatment of liver cancers and inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Piperidonas/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Piperidonas/síntese química , Piperidonas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1632-1645, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289751

RESUMO

Nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors (NSAIs) are well-established drugs for the therapy of breast cancer. However, they display some serious side effects, and their efficacy can be compromised by the development of chemoresistance. Previously, we have reported different indazole-based carbamates and piperidine-sulphonamides as potent aromatase inhibitors. Starting from the most promising compounds, here we have synthesised new indazole and triazole derivatives and evaluated their biological activity as potential dual agents, targeting both the aromatase and the inducible nitric oxide synthase, being this last dysregulated in breast cancer. Furthermore, selected compounds were evaluated as antiproliferative and cytotoxic agents in the MCF-7 cell line. Moreover, considering the therapeutic diversity of azole-based compounds, all the synthesized compounds were also evaluated as antifungals on different Candida strains. A docking study, as well as molecular dynamics simulation, were carried out to shed light on the binding mode of the most interesting compound into the different target enzymes catalytic sites.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores da Aromatase/farmacologia , Compostos Azo/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Antifúngicos/síntese química , Antifúngicos/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Inibidores da Aromatase/síntese química , Inibidores da Aromatase/química , Compostos Azo/síntese química , Compostos Azo/química , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1694-1702, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309466

RESUMO

A novel series of thiazole-naphthalene derivatives as tubulin polymerisation inhibitors were designed, synthesised, and evaluated for the anti-proliferative activities. The majority of the tested compounds exhibited moderate to potent antiproliferative activity on the MCF-7 and A549 cancer cell lines. Among them, compound 5b was found to be the most active compound with IC50 values of 0.48 ± 0.03 and 0.97 ± 0.13 µM. Moreover, mechanistic studies revealed that 5b significantly inhibited tubulin polymerisation with an IC50 value of 3.3 µM, as compared to the standard drug colchicine (IC50 = 9.1 µM). Further cellular mechanism studies elucidated that 5b arrested the cell cycle at G2/M phase and induced apoptosis in MCF-7 cancer cells. Molecular modelling study indicated that 5b binds well to the colchicine binding site of tubulin. In summary, these results suggest that 5b represents a promising tubulin polymerisation inhibitor worthy of further investigation as potential anticancer agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Naftalenos/síntese química , Naftalenos/química , Polimerização/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(61): 7581-7584, 2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250986

RESUMO

A pharmacophore integration strategy was utilized to develop the first co-donor of formaldehyde and nitric oxide (FANO), composed of urotropine derived nitramine/nitrosamine. FANO simultaneously generated formaldehyde and nitric oxide on-demand, resulting in synergistic anticancer effects. Importantly, liposomal formulation of FANO effectively inhibited tumor growth with minimal side-effects, providing a potent combined nitric oxide therapy for malignancy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Formaldeído/metabolismo , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Doadores de Óxido Nítrico/uso terapêutico , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Poliaminas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Lipossomos/química , Metenamina/química , Camundongos , Doadores de Óxido Nítrico/síntese química , Nitrosaminas/síntese química , Nitrosaminas/uso terapêutico , Poliaminas/síntese química
20.
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279368

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to identify new metal-based anticancer drugs; to this end, we synthesized two new copper(II) complexes, namely [Cu(ncba)4(phen)] (1) and [Cu(ncba)4(bpy)] (2), comprised 4-chloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid as the main ligand. The single-crystal XRD approach was employed to determine the copper(II) complex structures. Binding between these complexes and calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) and human serum albumin (HSA) was explored by electronic absorption, fluorescence spectroscopy, and viscometry. Both complexes intercalatively bound CT-DNA and statically and spontaneously quenched DNA/HSA fluorescence. A CCK-8 assay revealed that complex 1 and complex 2 had substantial antiproliferative influences against human cancer cell lines. Moreover, complex 1 had greater antitumor efficacy than the positive control cisplatin. Flow cytometry assessment of the cell cycle demonstrated that these complexes arrested the HepG2 cell cycle and caused the accumulation of G0/G1-phase cells. The mechanism of cell death was elucidated by flow cytometry-based apoptosis assays. Western blotting revealed that both copper(II) complexes induced apoptosis by regulating the expression of the Bcl-2(Bcl-2, B cell lymphoma 2) protein family.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Clorobenzoatos/química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Cobre/química , Albumina Sérica Humana/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , DNA/química , Células Hep G2 , Humanos
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