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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 4885-4894, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878776

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the antitumor potential of guaiazulene-3-carboxylate derivatives against oral malignant cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve guaiazulene-3-carboxylate derivatives were synthesized by introduction of either with alkyl group [1-5], alkoxy group [6, 7], hydroxyl group [8, 9] or primary amine [10-12] at the end of sidechains. Tumor-specificity (TS) was calculated by the ratio of mean 50% cytotoxic concentration (CC50) against 3 human oral mesenchymal cell lines to that against 4 human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines. Potency-selectivity expression (PSE) was calculated by dividing TS value by CC50value against OSCC cell lines. Cell cycle analysis was performed by cell sorter. RESULTS: [6, 7] showed the highest TS and PSE values, and induced the accumulation of both subG1 and G2/M cell populations in HSC-2 OSCC cells. Quantitative structure-activity relationship analysis demonstrated that their tumor-specificity was correlated with chemical descriptors that explain the 3D shape, electric state and ionization potential. CONCLUSION: Alkoxyl guaiazulene-3-carboxylates [6, 7] can be potential candidates of lead compound for developing novel anticancer drugs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Azulenos/química , Azulenos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/química , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Azulenos/síntese química , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/síntese química
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 4913-4919, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: A new class of imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds have recently been evaluated as inhibitors of phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in pancreatic cancer. FAK is overexpressed in mesothelioma and has recently emerged as an interesting target for the treatment of this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds characterized by indole bicycle and a thiophene ring, were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity in two primary cell cultures of peritoneal mesothelioma, MesoII and STO cells. RESULTS: Compounds 1a and 1b showed promising antitumor activity with IC50 values in the range of 0.59 to 2.81 µM in both cell lines growing as monolayers or as spheroids. Their antiproliferative and antimigratory activity was associated with inhibition of phospho-FAK, as detected by a specific ELISA assay in STO cells. Interestingly, these compounds potentiated the antiproliferative activity of gemcitabine, and these results might be explained by the increase in the mRNA expression of the key gemcitabine transporter human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (hENT-1). CONCLUSION: These promising results support further studies on new imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole compounds as well as on the role of both FAK and hENT-1 modulation in order to develop new drug combinations for peritoneal mesothelioma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Transportador Equilibrativo 1 de Nucleosídeo/genética , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Tiadiazóis/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Desoxicitidina/farmacologia , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Imidazóis/síntese química , Imidazóis/química , Mesotelioma/tratamento farmacológico , Mesotelioma/patologia , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiadiazóis/síntese química , Tiadiazóis/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 4921-4928, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Phenothiazines constitute a versatile family of compounds in terms of biological activity, which have also gained a considerable attention in cancer research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three phenothiazines (promethazine, chlorpromazine and thioridazine) have been tested in combination with 11 active selenocompounds against MDR (ABCB1-overexpressing) mouse T-lymphoma cells to investigate their activity as combination chemotherapy and as antitumor adjuvants in vitro with a checkerboard combination assay. RESULTS: Seven selenocompounds showed toxicity on mouse embryonic fibroblasts, while three showed selectivity towards tumor cells. Two compounds showed synergism with all tested phenothiazines in low concentration ranges (1.46-11.25 µM). Thioridazine was the most potent among the three phenothiazines. CONCLUSION: Phenothiazines belonging to different generations showed different levels of adjuvant activities. All the tested phenothiazines are already approved medicines with known pharmacological and toxicity profiles, therefore, their use as adjuvants in cancer may be considered as a potential drug repurposing strategy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Organosselênicos/farmacologia , Fenotiazinas/farmacologia , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Linfoma de Células T/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Células T/patologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organosselênicos/síntese química , Compostos Organosselênicos/química , Fenotiazinas/síntese química , Fenotiazinas/química
4.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5001-5013, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878788

RESUMO

AIM: Newly synthesized platinum(IV) complexes with ethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetate ligands (EDDA-type) (butyl-Pt and pentyl-Pt) were investigated against two cancer (A549 lung, and HTB 140 melanoma) and one non-cancerous (MRC-5 embryonic lung fibroblast) human cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of these agents were compared with those of cisplatin after 6-, 24- and 48-h treatment. Sulforhodamine-B (SRB) assay was performed to estimate the cytotoxic effect, while the inhibitory effect on cell proliferation was measured using 5-bromo-2,-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation assay. Cell cycle analysis was performed by flow cytometry. Type of cell death induced by these agents was determined by electrophoretic analysis of DNA, flow cytometry and by western blot analysis of proteins involved in induction of apoptosis. The effects of gamma irradiation, alone and in combination with platinum-based compounds, were examined by clonogenic and SRB assays. RESULTS: All examined platinum-based compounds had inhibitory and antiproliferative effects on A549 cells, but not on HTB140 and MRC-5 cells. Butyl-Pt, pentyl-Pt and cisplatin arrested the cell cycle in the S-phase and induced apoptotic cell death via regulation of expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2) and BCL2-associated X (BAX) proteins. Platinum-based compounds increased the sensitivity of A549 cells to gamma irradiation. Butyl-Pt and pentyl-Pt showed better antitumour effects against A549 cells than did cisplatin, by interfering in cell proliferation and the cell cycle, and by triggering apoptosis. CONCLUSION: The effects of gamma irradiation on tumour cells may be amplified by pre-treatment of cells with platinum-based compounds.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos da radiação , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ácido Edético/análogos & derivados , Ácido Edético/química , Raios gama , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Compostos Organoplatínicos/síntese química , Compostos Organoplatínicos/química , Radiossensibilizantes/síntese química , Radiossensibilizantes/química
5.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5125-5140, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Neuroblastoma (NB), the most common extracranial malignant childhood tumor accounts for about 15% of cancer-related deaths in children. Despite the intensive treatment of patients with high-risk scarification of NB, clinical outcomes indicate tumor recurrence greater than 50% and late severe adverse effects. Oxazolidinones are 5-membered heterocyclic compounds with antibacterial activity against resistant bacterial strains. Structural modifications around the oxazolidinone moiety have resulted in derivatives with anti-cancer properties against proliferation, motility, and invasion of breast cancer cells. This study aimed to examine the anti-cancer potential of novel oxazolidinones against a model of a neuroblastoma cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Newly synthesized and characterized triazolyl-oxazolidinone derivatives were incubated with neuroblastoma Kelly cells. The anti-proliferation and anti-progression effects of the compounds were evaluated by MTT, and adhesion with migration assays. RESULTS: The 5-nitrofuroyl glycinyl-oxazolidinone containing 4-methyltriazolyl group demonstrated the most potent activity with an IC50=6.52 µM. Furthermore, the D-isomer of 5-nitrothiophenecarbonyl alaninyl containing derivative reduced the adhesion to fibronectin by 56.34%, while the D-isomer of 5-nitrofuroyl alaninyl derivative reduced the migration of Kelly cells by 29.14%. CONCLUSION: The presence of the 4-methyltriazolyl moiety seems to enhance the anti-proliferative property of triazolyl-oxazolidinone derivatives, as demonstrated by PH-145. There is little or no effect of the stereochemistry of the alanine side-chain on the antiproliferative effect, as demonstrated by the 5-nitrofuroyl D- and L-alaninyl containing derivatives with similar IC50 values. The observed differences in the inhibition of adhesion and migration by the oxazolidinones on Kelly cells provide a new therapeutic approach that needs further investigation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Oxazolidinonas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Neuroblastoma , Oxazolidinonas/síntese química , Oxazolidinonas/química
6.
Science ; 369(6504): 725-730, 2020 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764073

RESUMO

Nucleoside analogs are commonly used in the treatment of cancer and viral infections. Their syntheses benefit from decades of research but are often protracted, unamenable to diversification, and reliant on a limited pool of chiral carbohydrate starting materials. We present a process for rapidly constructing nucleoside analogs from simple achiral materials. Using only proline catalysis, heteroaryl-substituted acetaldehydes are fluorinated and then directly engaged in enantioselective aldol reactions in a one-pot reaction. A subsequent intramolecular fluoride displacement reaction provides a functionalized nucleoside analog. The versatility of this process is highlighted in multigram syntheses of d- or l-nucleoside analogs, locked nucleic acids, iminonucleosides, and C2'- and C4'-modified nucleoside analogs. This de novo synthesis creates opportunities for the preparation of diversity libraries and will support efforts in both drug discovery and development.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antivirais/síntese química , Nucleosídeos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antivirais/química , Nucleosídeos/química
7.
Mol Pharmacol ; 98(2): 130-142, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487733

RESUMO

Aberrant cellular Myc (c-Myc) is a common feature in the majority of human cancers and has been linked to oncogenic malignancies. Here, we developed a novel c-Myc-targeting compound, N, N-bis (5-ethyl-2-hydroxybenzyl) methylamine (EMD), and present evidence demonstrating its effectiveness in targeting c-Myc for degradation in human lung carcinoma. EMD exhibited strong cytotoxicity toward various human lung cancer cell lines, as well as chemotherapeutic-resistant patient-derived lung cancer cells, through apoptosis induction in comparison with chemotherapeutic drugs. The IC50 of EMD against lung cancer cells was approximately 60 µM. Mechanistically, EMD eliminated c-Myc in the cells and initiated caspase-dependent apoptosis cascade. Cycloheximide chase assay revealed that EMD tended to shorten the half-life of c-Myc by approximately half. The cotreatment of EMD with the proteasome inhibitor MG132 reversed its c-Myc-targeting effect, suggesting the involvement of ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation in the process. We further verified that EMD strongly induced the ubiquitination of c-Myc and promoted protein degradation. c-Myc inhibition and apoptosis induction were additionally shown in hematologic malignant K562 cells, indicating the generality of the observed EMD effects. Altogether, we identified EMD as a novel potent compound targeting oncogenic c-Myc that may offer new opportunities for lung cancer treatment. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: The deregulation of c-Myc is frequently associated with cancer progression. This study examined the effect of a new compound, N, N-bis (5-ethyl-2-hydroxybenzyl) methylamine (EMD), in targeting c-Myc in several lung cancer cell lines and drug-resistant primary lung cancer cells. EMD induced dramatic c-Myc degradation through a ubiquitin-proteasomal mechanism. The promising anticancer and c-Myc-targeted activities of EMD support its use in potential new approaches to treat c-Myc-driven cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Metilaminas/síntese química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células K562 , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Metilaminas/química , Metilaminas/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Proteólise , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/efeitos dos fármacos , Ubiquitina/metabolismo
8.
Chem Biol Interact ; 327: 109163, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534988

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to synthesize a new series of benzimidazole derivatives and to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms of the potential cell cycle inhibition and apoptotic effects against a panel of selected human cancer cell lines along with HEK-293 human embryonic kidney cells. MTT assay was used to evaluate cytotoxic effects. Muse™ Cell Analyzer was used to assess cell cycle progression. Annexin-V/PI staining assay was used for detecting apoptosis. All the synthesized compounds showed a significant cytotoxic effect against cancer cells with the IC50 values between 9.2 and 166.1 µg/mL. Among the tested derivatives, compound 5 showed significant cytotoxic activity against MCF-7, DU-145 and H69AR cancer cells with the IC50 values of 17.8 ± 0.24, 10.2 ± 1.4 and 49.9 ± 0.22 µg/mL respectively. The compounds 5 was also tested on HEK-293 human embryonic kidney cells and found to be safer with lesser cytotoxicity. The results revealed that compound 5 significantly increased cell population in the G2/M-phase which is modulated by a p53 independent mechanism. Compound 5 caused an increase in the percentage of late apoptotic cells in all tested cancer cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Among all synthesized derivatives, compound 5 the bromo-derivative, showed the highest cytotoxic potential, induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptotic cell death in genotypically different human cancer cells. These results suggest that compound 5 might be a promising agent for cancer therapy and further structural modifications of benzimidazole derivatives may create promising anticancer agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzimidazóis/farmacologia , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Benzimidazóis/síntese química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos
9.
Chem Biol Interact ; 325: 109127, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437695

RESUMO

Inhibition of mouse double minute 2 homolog (MDM2)-p53 interaction and reactivation of p53 signaling have been explored as effective anticancer therapeutic strategy. The potent and specific antitumor activity shown by Nutlins, first class of MDM2-p53 inhibitors discovered, has made these compounds potential antitumor candidates. To this end, we synthesized Nutlin-1 and Nutlin-2 analogs through molecular simplification and selected the compound with the most efficient antitumoral activity. Cytotoxicity of Nutlin-2 analog LQFM126 on B16F10 melanoma cells induced intense cytoplasmic vacuolization, reduction of cell size, chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic degeneration and nuclear fragmentation. LQFM126 antiproliferative effects mediated cell cycle retention in G0/G1 phase and increased the levels of cell cycle regulatory proteins p21 and p27. This Nutlin analog increased mitochondrial membrane potential, activated caspase-8, -9 and -3/7 and reduced VEGF levels in B16F10 cells. Therefore, LQFM126 promoted alterations suggestive of apoptosis, G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and suppression of angiogenesis through modulation of VEGF expression in B16F10 cells. Additionally, LQFM126 was classified as UN GHS category 4 (LD50 > 300-2000 mg/kg), suggesting it has low acute systemic toxicity. LQFM126 can be a promising prototype for anticancer therapy.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Melanoma Experimental/patologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores da Angiogênese/síntese química , Inibidores da Angiogênese/química , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Caspases/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Imidazóis/química , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Piperazinas/química , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/química , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 2935-2945, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425525

RESUMO

Background: New anticancer agents that rely on natural/healthy, not synthetic/toxic, components are very much needed. Methods: Ricinoleyl hydroxamic acid (RHA) was synthesized from castor oil and hydroxylamine using Lipozyme TL IM as a catalyst. To optimize the conversion, the effects of the following parameters were investigated: type of organic solvent, period of reaction, amount of enzyme, the molar ratio of reactants and temperature. The highest conversion was obtained when the reaction was carried out under the following conditions: hexane as a solvent; reaction period of 48 hours; 120 mg of Lipozyme TL IM/3 mmol oil; HA-oil ratio of 19 mmol HA/3 mmol oil; and temperature of 40°C. The cytotoxicity of the synthesized RHA was assessed using human dermal fibroblasts (HDF), and its application towards fighting cancer was assessed using melanoma and glioblastoma cancer cells over a duration of 24 and 48 hours. Results: RHA was successfully synthesized  and it demonstrated strong anticancer activity against glioblastoma and melanoma cells at as low as a 1 µg/mL concentration while it did not demonstrate any toxicity against HDF cells. Conclusion: This is the first report on the synthesis of RHA with great potential to be used as a new anticancer agent.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Óleo de Rícino/química , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Catálise , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/patologia , Hexanos/química , Humanos , Hidroxilamina/química , Lipase/química , Lipase/metabolismo , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Melanoma/patologia , Solventes/química
11.
Life Sci ; 251: 117635, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32272179

RESUMO

Molecular structures containing gold, such as auranofin, have been extensively studied in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases, including cancer treatment. The pharmacological properties of the newly synthesized unique gold-ligand structures have been reported for different cancer cell lines. However, findings on bishydeten-metal salt complexes with gold are rare. In this work, the synthesis of five novel cyanide-bridged coordination compounds having the closed formulae [Ni(bishydeten)][Au(CN)2]2 (1), [Cu(bishydeten)][Au(CN)2]2 (2), [Zn(bishydeten)2Au3(CN)4][Au2(CN)3] (3), [Cd(bishydeten)0,5]2[Au(CN)2]4.2H2O (4), and [Cd(bishydeten)2][Au(CN)2]2 (5) (where bisyhdeten = N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylene diamine), and their characterization by elemental, infrared, ESI-MS, X-ray (for 2) and thermic measurement methods were performed. Complexes 1 and 3 are thermally more stable than the other three complexes. For these, pharmacological adequacies were also tested. The nucleic acid and protein binding affinities of the Au (I) compounds were also estimated by spectroscopic and electrophoretic techniques. Au (I) complexes were identified as strong chemotherapeutic with mild cytotoxicity, and they demonstrated a dose-dependent inhibition on the growth of cancer cells with IC50 at 0.11 to 0.47 µM. Investigation of mechanisms of action on cells revealed that Au (I) compounds managed to inhibit cell migration and led to a decrease in cytoskeletal proteins such as CK7 and CK20. However, Au (I) compounds failed to inhibit DNA topoisomerase I. Overall, and we suggest that potent antiproliferative activity, mild cytotoxicity, good solubility, and micromolar dosage of Au (I) compounds containing bisyhdeten-metal derivatives render them the potential focus of further studies as chemotherapeutic agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cianatos/farmacologia , Ouro/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Chlorocebus aethiops , Cianatos/administração & dosagem , Cianatos/síntese química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ouro/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Neoplasias/patologia , Solubilidade , Células Vero
12.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 2315-2322, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32308383

RESUMO

Purpose: In order to prepare functional Au nanoparticles with low toxicity and high antitumor properties, we have used fruit waste (banana peel) to synthesize a new dendrite-shaped gold nanoparticle and used it for the treatment of tumors. Methods: Dendrite-shaped gold nanoparticle (Au-dendrite) was synthesized through a facile hydrothermal process. The banana peel was used as both the reducing agent and the protective agent for reducing chloroauric acid to obtain Au-dendrite. The safety assessment of the Au-dendrite was conducted by H&E staining of the mouse's eyelid skin and CCK-8 assay. The antitumor effects were evaluated through in vitro tumor cytotoxicity experiments and in vivo treatment of animal tumors. Results: In this work, a new type of gold nanomaterial (Au-dendrite) was synthesized by using a common agricultural waste (banana peel) through a facile hydrothermal process without any extra chemical reducing agent or protective agent. Subsequent experiments showed that, compared with some classical Au nanomaterials, the as-synthesized gold nanocomposites have superior biocompatibility and impressive characteristics of dual inhibition toward tumor growth and migration. Conclusion: We successfully synthesized a dendrite-shaped gold nanocomposite which was derived from a common agricultural waste (banana peel). A facile and environmentally friendly synthetic process was proposed accordingly without regular chemical additives. The as-prepared Au-dendrite nanocomposites not only had better biocompatibility than some classical gold nanoparticles but also exhibited unique advantages in tumor inhibition.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Musa/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloretos/química , Dendritos/química , Frutas/química , Compostos de Ouro/química , Camundongos Nus , Nanocompostos/química , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico
13.
Mol Pharmacol ; 97(6): 409-422, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241960

RESUMO

The microtubule-binding taxanes, docetaxel and cabazitaxel, are administered intravenously for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) as the oral administration of these drugs is largely hampered by their low and highly variable bioavailabilities. Using a simple, rapid, and environmentally friendly microwave-assisted protocol, we have synthesized a number of 3,5-bis(styryl)pyrazoles 2a-l, thus allowing for their screening for antiproliferative activity in the androgen-independent PC3 prostate cancer cell line. Surprisingly, two of these structurally simple 3,5-bis(styryl)pyrazoles (2a and 2l) had concentrations which gave 50% of the maximal inhibition of cell proliferation (GI50) in the low micromolar range in the PC3 cell line and were thus selected for extensive further biologic evaluation (apoptosis and cell cycle analysis, and effects on tubulin and microtubules). Our findings from these studies show that 3,5-bis[(1E)-2(2,6-dichlorophenyl)ethenyl]-1H-pyrazole 2l 1) caused significant effects on the cell cycle in PC3 cells, with the vast majority of treated cells in the G2/M phase (89%); 2) induces cell death in PC3 cells even after the removal of the compound; 3) binds to tubulin [dissociation constant (Kd) 0.4 ± 0.1 µM] and inhibits tubulin polymerization in vitro; 4) had no effect upon the polymerization of the bacterial cell division protein FtsZ (a homolog of tubulin); 5) is competitive with paclitaxel for binding to tubulin but not with vinblastine, crocin, or colchicine; and 6) leads to microtubule depolymerization in PC3 cells. Taken together, these results suggest that 3,5-bis(styryl)pyrazoles warrant further investigation as lead compounds for the treatment of CRPC. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: The taxanes are important components of prostate cancer chemotherapy regimens, but their oral administration is hampered by very low and highly variable oral bioavailabilities resulting from their poor absorption, poor solubility, high first-pass metabolism, and efficient efflux by P-glycoprotein. New chemical entities for the treatment of prostate cancer are thus required, and we report here the synthesis and investigation of the mechanism of action of some bis(styryl)pyrazoles, demonstrating their potential as lead compounds for the treatment of prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Chumbo/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sítios de Ligação , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Humanos , Chumbo/química , Masculino , Microtúbulos/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Moleculares , Células PC-3 , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/química
14.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 21(4): 121, 2020 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32337630

RESUMO

Multidrug resistance is the major problem in cancer treatment nowadays. Compounds from plants are the new targets to solve this problem. Quercetin (QCT), quercetrin (QTR), and rutin (RUT) are potential anticancer flavonoids but their poor water solubility leads to less efficacy. In this study, the polymeric micelles of benzoylated methoxy-poly (ethylene glycol)-b-oligo(ε-caprolactone) or mPEG-b-OCL-Bz loading with the flavonoids were prepared to solve these problems. The flavonoid-loaded micelles showed an average size of 13-20 nm and maximum loading capacity of 35% (w/w). The release of QCT (21%, 3 h) was lower than that of QTR (51%, 3 h) and RUT (58%, 3 h). QCT (free and micelle forms) exhibited significantly higher cytotoxicity against P-glycoprotein-overexpressing leukemia (K562/ADR) cells than QTR and RUT (p < 0.05). The results demonstrated that QCT-loaded micelles effectively reversed cytotoxicity of both doxorubicin (multidrug resistant reversing (δ) values up to 0.71) and daunorubicin (δ values up to 0.74) on K562/ADR cells. It was found that QCT-loaded micelles as well as empty polymeric micelles inhibited P-gp efflux of tetrahydropyranyl Adriamycin. Besides, mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased by QCT (in its free form and micellar formation). Our results suggested that the combination effects of polymeric micelles (inhibiting P-gp efflux) and QCT (interfering mitochondrial membrane potential) might be critical factors contributing to the reversing multidrug resistance of K562/ADR cells by QCT-loaded micelles. We concluded that QCT-loaded mPEG-b-OCL-Bz micelles are the attractive systems for overcoming multidrug-resistant cancer cells.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Flavonoides/síntese química , Micelas , Polietilenoglicóis/síntese química , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Células K562 , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Polímeros/síntese química , Polímeros/farmacologia , Solubilidade
15.
Inorg Chem ; 59(8): 5243-5246, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32255347

RESUMO

The Anderson-type hexamolybdoaluminate functionalized with lauric acid (LA), (TBA)3[Al(OH)3Mo6O18{(OCH2)3CNHCOC11H23}]·9H2O (TBA-AlMo6-LA, where TBA = tetrabutylammonium), was prepared via two synthetic routes and characterized by thermogravimetric and elemental analyses, mass spectrometry, IR and 1H NMR spectroscopy, and powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The interaction of TBA-AlMo6-LA with human serum albumin (HSA) was investigated via fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopy. The results revealed that TBA-AlMo6-LA binds strongly to HSA (63% quenching at an HSA/TBA-AlMo6-LA ratio of 1:1), exhibiting static quenching. In contrast to TBA-AlMo6-LA, the nonfunctionalized polyoxometalate, Na3(H2O)6[Al(OH)6Mo6O18]·2H2O (AlMo6), showed weak binding toward HSA (22% quenching at a HSA/AlMo6 ratio of 1:25). HSA binding was confirmed by X-ray structure analysis of the HSA-Myr-AlMo6-LA complex (Myr = myristate). These results provide a promising lead for the design of novel polyoxometalate-based hybrids that are able to exploit HSA as a delivery vehicle to improve their pharmacokinetics and bioactivity.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/metabolismo , Ácidos Láuricos/metabolismo , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo , Compostos de Alumínio/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Dicroísmo Circular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Ácidos Láuricos/síntese química , Molibdênio/química , Ligação Proteica , Albumina Sérica Humana/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Triptofano/química
16.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229801, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163428

RESUMO

We report the synthesis and preliminary characterization of IODVA1, a potent small molecule that is active in xenograft mouse models of Ras-driven lung and breast cancers. In an effort to inhibit oncogenic Ras signaling, we combined in silico screening with inhibition of proliferation and colony formation of Ras-driven cells. NSC124205 fulfilled all criteria. HPLC analysis revealed that NSC124205 was a mixture of at least three compounds, from which IODVA1 was determined to be the active component. IODVA1 decreased 2D and 3D cell proliferation, cell spreading and ruffle and lamellipodia formation through downregulation of Rac activity. IODVA1 significantly impaired xenograft tumor growth of Ras-driven cancer cells with no observable toxicity. Immuno-histochemistry analysis of tumor sections suggests that cell death occurs by increased apoptosis. Our data suggest that IODVA1 targets Rac signaling to induce death of Ras-transformed cells. Therefore, IODVA1 holds promise as an anti-tumor therapeutic agent.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzimidazóis/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas ras/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Benzimidazóis/síntese química , Benzimidazóis/uso terapêutico , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Células NIH 3T3 , Ensaio Tumoral de Célula-Tronco , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
17.
J Med Chem ; 63(8): 4022-4046, 2020 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202785

RESUMO

By carrying out structural modifications based on the bicyclic peptide structure of echinomycin, we successfully synthesized various powerful antitumor derivatives. The ring conformation in the obtained compounds was restricted by cross-linking with an unnatural bond. The prepared derivatives were demonstrated to strongly suppress the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1 transcriptional activation and hypoxia induction of HIF-1 protein expression. Particularly, alkene-bridged derivative 12 exhibited remarkably potent cytotoxicity (IC50 = 0.22 nM on the MCF-7 cell line) and HIF-1 inhibition (IC50 = 0.09 nM), which considerably exceeded those of echinomycin. Conformational analyses and molecular modeling studies revealed that the biological activities were enhanced following restriction of the conformation by cross-linking through a metabolically stable and rigid bridge bond. In addition, we proposed a new globular conformation stabilized by intramolecular π stacking that can contribute to the biological effects of bicyclic depsipeptides. The developments presented in the current study serve as a useful guide to expand the chemical space of peptides in drug discovery.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Depsipeptídeos/síntese química , Depsipeptídeos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/antagonistas & inibidores , Células A549 , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Células HEK293 , Células HT29 , Humanos , Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Células MCF-7 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(12): 2252-2263, 2020 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32149317

RESUMO

Glycoconjugates, due to their diverse functions, are widely regarded as biologically important molecules. Artemisinic acid 1 occurs naturally in the plant Artemisia annua and is considered to be the biogenetic precursor of the antimalarial drug, artemisinin 2. We report herein the design and synthesis of diverse artemisinic acid derived glycoconjugates. We have synthesized 12-O-artemisinic acid-glycoconjugates (7a-k) and 12-N-artemisinic acid-glycoconjugates (8a-k) by utilizing Cu(i)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition reactions (Click chemistry) with various synthesized sugar azides (6a-k) in good to excellent yields along with two fluorescently labeled compounds, 12-O-artemisinic acid-glycoconjugate 11 and 12-N-artemisinic acid-glycoconjugate 12, to investigate the mode of action of these compounds in biological systems. All the synthesized artemisinic acid glycoconjugates were assayed for their efficacy against the MCF7 cell line. Our anticancer studies indicated that all the synthesized compounds inhibited the growth of MCF7 cells in a dose dependent manner, barring compounds 4 and 7d. However, these compounds exhibit moderate cytotoxicity, as is evident from their IC50 values.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Artemisininas/química , Glicoconjugados/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Azidas/química , Química Click , Reação de Cicloadição , Desenho de Fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glicoconjugados/farmacologia , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Células MCF-7 , Sesquiterpenos/química
19.
J Med Chem ; 63(6): 3172-3187, 2020 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125853

RESUMO

Drug resistance has been a major threat in cancer therapies that necessitates the development of new strategies to overcome this problem. We report here a cell-based high-throughput screen of a library containing two-million molecules for the compounds that inhibit the proliferation of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Through the process of phenotypic screening, target deconvolution, and structure-activity relationship (SAR) analysis, a compound of furanonaphthoquinone-based small molecule, AS4583, was identified that exhibited potent activity in tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-sensitive and TKI-resistant NSCLC cells (IC50 = 77 nM) and in xenograft mice. The mechanistic studies revealed that AS4583 inhibited cell-cycle progression and reduced DNA replication by disrupting the formation of the minichromosomal maintenance protein (MCM) complex. Subsequent SAR study of AS4583 gave compound RJ-LC-07-48 which exhibited greater potency in drug-resistant NSCLC cells (IC50 = 17 nM) and in mice with H1975 xenograft tumor.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Furanos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Manutenção de Minicromossomo/metabolismo , Naftoquinonas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Furanos/síntese química , Furanos/metabolismo , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Humanos , Camundongos Nus , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Naftoquinonas/síntese química , Naftoquinonas/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ubiquitinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
20.
J Med Chem ; 63(6): 3327-3347, 2020 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129996

RESUMO

Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are promising therapeutic targets for cancer therapy. Herein, we describe our efforts toward the discovery of a series of 5-chloro-N4-phenyl-N2-(pyridin-2-yl)pyrimidine-2,4-diamine derivatives as dual CDK6 and 9 inhibitors. Intensive structural modifications lead to the identification of compound 66 as the most active dual CDK6/9 inhibitor with balancing potency against these two targets and good selectivity over CDK2. Further biological studies revealed that compound 66 was directly bound to CDK6/9, resulting in suppression of their downstream signaling pathway and inhibition of cell proliferation by blocking cell cycle progression and inducing cellular apoptosis. More importantly, compound 66 significantly inhibited tumor growth in a xenograft mouse model with no obvious toxicity, indicating the promising therapeutic potential of CDK6/9 dual inhibitors for cancer treatment. Therefore, the above results are of great importance in the development of dual CDK6/9 inhibitors for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Domínio Catalítico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/química , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Quinase 9 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 9 Dependente de Ciclina/química , Quinase 9 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/síntese química , Piridinas/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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