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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3312-3315, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602888

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation of the flowers of Hosta plantaginea led to isolate of one new flavonoid glycoside,plantanone C( 1) by silica gel,Sephadex LH-20,and RP-HPLC column chromatographies. Its structure was extensively determined on basis of HR-ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopic data. Compound 1 exhibited moderate antioxidant activity against DPPH radical scavenging activity,with an IC50 value of 240. 2 µmol·L~(-1).


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Hosta/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Flores/química , Glicosídeos/análise
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3064-3069, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602854

RESUMO

This project is to investigate chemical compositions from the roots of Erythrina corallodendron. Through the methods of silica gel,ODS,Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and preparative HPLC,15 compounds were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the roots of E. corallodendron. Based on spectroscopic techniques,the structures of these compounds were identified as 10,11-dioxoerythraline( 1),erythrinine( 2),erythraline( 3),11-methoxyerythraline( 4),cristanines B( 5),erythratine( 6),erysotrine( 7),medioresinol( 8),( ±)-ficusesquilignan A( 9),( +)-pinoresinol( 10),nicotinic acid( 11),dibutyl phthalate( 12),vanillic acid( 13),3-hydroxy-1-( 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-propanone( 14),and syringic acid( 15). Compounds 8-10 are isolated from genus Erythrina for the first time and all compounds are isolated from E. corallodendron for the first time. Furthermore,this paper screened the antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of the compounds using models of liver microsomal oxidation inhibition and MTT.


Assuntos
Erythrina/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Raízes de Plantas/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Microssomos Hepáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/análise
3.
Postepy Biochem ; 65(3): 212-216, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31643168

RESUMO

Rokitnik zwyczajny to roslina bogata w liczne skladniki biologicznie ak-tywne, takie jak: witaminy, flawonoidy, karotenoidy czy nienasycone kwa-sy tluszczowe, majace korzystny wplyw na zdrowie czlowieka. Roslina ta zasluguje na szczególne zainteresowanie, ze wzgledu na obecnosc stabilnej witaminy C. Sok z rokitnika moze wiec z powodzeniem zastapic cytryne w codziennej diecie. Ze wzgledu na duza zawartosc witaminy C i flawonoidów, owoce rokitnika sa cennym surowcem o wlasciwosciach przeciwutleniaja-cych. Co wazne, rokitnik zachowuje swoje wlasciwosci nawet po gotowaniu czy suszeniu. Celem tego artykulu jest przyblizenie wlasciwosci prozdrowot-nych rokitnika zwyczajnego wynikajacych z zawartosci duzej liczby zwiaz-ków o wlasciwosciach przeciwutleniajacych, ze szczególnym uwzglednie-niem witaminy C, która w przypadku rokitnika zwyczajnego charakteryzuje sie wysoka stabilnoscia.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Hippophae/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Frutas/química
4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(39): 10930-10936, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496247

RESUMO

The stability of lipids in meat products depends on the initial concentration of hydroperoxides, the catalytic involvement of metal ions and myoglobin, endogenous antioxidants, and biological and technological factors. Ground meat was treated with additives, sealed in vacuum bags, heated to 75 °C, and stored opened to air at 4 °C. S-Nitroso-N-acetylcysteine (NAC-SNO) at concentration like nitrite used by the industry prevents lipid peroxidation in the product, even after storage for 1 month at 4 °C. The same simulated treatments at different concentrations of both compounds show that NAC-SNO acts as an antioxidant ∼4-fold better than nitrite at pH 6.2 or 3.0. Ascorbic acid significantly improves nitrite antioxidant effect. NAC-SNO was found to prevent, much better than nitrite, accumulation of reactive aldehydes and hydroxynonenal protein modification. In condition like those used by the industry for meat products processing, NAC-SNO acts better than nitrite to provide antioxidant protection without the side effect of N-nitrosation, oxidation, and the loss of nutrient generated by nitrite.


Assuntos
Acetilcisteína/análogos & derivados , Antioxidantes/análise , Conservantes de Alimentos/análise , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Produtos da Carne/análise , Acetilcisteína/análise , Acetilcisteína/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Conservantes de Alimentos/metabolismo , Temperatura Alta , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Nitritos/análise , Oxirredução , Perus
5.
Life Sci ; 235: 116810, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472147

RESUMO

AIMS: Previous reports have demonstrated that melatonin exists in multiple extrapineal sites, and higher amounts of melatonin are present in human follicular fluid than in serum, which indicates that it might play key roles in human oocyte maturation and subsequent embryonic development. Melatonin has been shown to be a potent antioxidant and might be beneficial to human oocytes during in vitro maturation (IVM). However, the underlying mechanisms of melatonin action during IVM have not been thoroughly investigated. MAIN METHODS: Immunofluorescence staining, western blotting, and ELISA were applied to investigate whether melatoninergic components are expressed in the cultured human ovarian cumulus cells. TMRE staining and Fluo-4 AM staining were performed to detect the mitochondrial membrane potential and intracellular Ca2+ levels of immature human oocytes respectively. KEY FINDINGS: First, cultured human ovary cumulus cells synthesized melatonin in vitro, and it expressed serotonin (the precursor of melatonin) and the two key enzymes, i.e. N-acetyltransferase (NAT) and hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT). Additionally, the results suggest that melatonin maintains the mitochondrial membrane potential and decrease excessive Ca2+ levels in immature human oocytes during IVM. SIGNIFICANCE: In conclusion, we provide evidence that the melatoninergic components were expressed in cultured human ovarian cumulus cells, and melatonin might reduce oxidative stress of human oocytes by ameliorating mitochondrial function. In view of the significant clinical value that immature human oocytes have in assisted reproductive technology (ART), our findings highlight a potential treatment strategy of using melatonin to improve mitochondrial function and to enhance the quality of human oocytes during IVM.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cálcio/metabolismo , Melatonina/farmacologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Antioxidantes/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos , Melatonina/análise , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Oócitos/citologia , Oócitos/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(14): 6628-6637, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies have confirmed a wide variation in the phenolic content and antioxidant activity of beers. However, when commercial beers are studied, there is usually no information available on the brewing technology applied. In this study, technological parameters were varied systematically to influence the antioxidant content of beer with a view to improving its flavor stability. High-throughput assays, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) were investigated as fast analytical methods to evaluate the influence of brewing technology on antioxidant activity. RESULTS: Beers (n = 12) were brewed with systematic technological variations (malt modification, hopping regime) to influence the antioxidant potential. A late hop addition resulted in significantly higher phenolic content (high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection - HPLC-DAD) and antioxidant activity. Raw protein content and malt modification significantly influenced phenolic content and the antioxidant activity of beers hopped at the beginning of wort boiling. Samples were stored under forced and natural conditions and were evaluated by a sensory panel. The decline of bitter iso-α-acids as an analytical marker for oxidative aging was significantly lower in beers brewed from malts with high raw protein content. These samples also had higher antioxidant activity values. Panelists gave higher ratings for beer quality to aged beers with a late hop addition. However, late hopping resulted in enhanced hoppy aroma attributes and therefore an altered aroma profile. CONCLUSIONS: Both antioxidant capacity methods were well suited as fast methods to evaluate brewing raw material and technological influence on antioxidant activity. The appropriate choice of barley malt and the malting regime could be promising tools to enhance the antioxidant activity of traditionally hopped beers. © 2019 The Authors. Journal of The Science of Food and Agriculture published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Cerveja/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Paladar , Humanos , Humulus/química , Capacidade de Absorbância de Radicais de Oxigênio , Fenóis/análise
7.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 46, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the most extreme environments on our planet is the Maritime Antarctic territory, due to its low-water availability, which restricts the development of plants. Sanionia uncinata Hedw. (Amblystegiaceae), the main colonizer of the Maritime Antarctic, has effective mechanisms to tolerate this environment. It has been described that the tolerance to desiccation is mediated by the hormone abscisic acid (ABA), antioxidants systems, accumulation of compatible solutes and proteins of the late embryogenesis abundant (LEA). However, to date, these mechanisms have not been described in S. uncinata. Therefore, in this work, we postulate that the tolerance to desiccation in the Antarctic moss S. uncinata is mediated by the accumulation of ABA, the osmolytes proline and glycine betaine, and dehydrins (an LEA class 11 proteins). To demonstrate our hypothesis, S. uncinata was subjected to desiccation for 24 h (loss in 95% of water content), and the effects on its physiological, photosynthetic, antioxidant and biochemical parameters were determined. RESULTS: Our results showed an accumulation of ABA in response to water loss, and the activation of protective responses that involves an increment in levels of proline and glycine betaine, an increment in the activity of antioxidant enzymes such as SOD, CAT, APX and POD, and the accumulation of dehydrins proteins. CONCLUSION: The results showed, suggest that S. uncinata is a  desiccation-tolerant moss, property mediated by high cellular plasticity regulated by ABA.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Bryopsida/fisiologia , Dessecação , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Adaptação Fisiológica , Regiões Antárticas , Bryopsida/química , Bryopsida/classificação , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Food Chem ; 301: 125228, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377613

RESUMO

Hexaploid tritordeum is the amphidiploid cereal derived from the cross between wild barley and durum wheat. The present study compares two cultivars of tritordeum with other cereals grown in the same experimental area to weigh up its potential use as ingredient for health-valued foods. Tritordeum shows 2.5-fold higher concentration of lutein than common wheat and barley, and 1.2-fold higher than durum wheat, while the concentration of ß-glucans is 5 folds lower than the one observed for barley. Based on the distribution of bioactive compounds in pearled fractions, the use of whole-grain flours seems the best way to exploit the antioxidant potential of tritordeum. Nevertheless, the internal layers of the kernel of this cereal are characterized on average by high concentrations of antioxidants (32.0 mg/kg and 518 mg/kg soluble and cell wall-bound phenolic acids, respectively), making tritordeum interesting also for the production of refined flours rich in bioactive compounds.


Assuntos
Triticum/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Farinha/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Luteína/análise , Solubilidade , Grãos Integrais/química , beta-Glucanas/análise
9.
Am J Dent ; 32(4): 183-186, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436938

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the association between periodontitis and levels of biochemical markers as well as enzyme activity. METHODS: Unstimulated whole saliva samples were obtained from 30 patients with periodontitis. Biochemical factors including the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide (NO), uric acid (UA), and lactoferrin, as well as ß-hexosaminidase (ß-HEX) activity were measured. RESULTS: The levels of a salivary oxidant such as MDA and NO were statistically significantly higher in periodontitis patients than to that of healthy individuals. Similarly, the results indicated elevated levels of lactoferrin and ß-HEX activity in saliva of the periodontitis group, which was statistically significant when compared to the controls. While the levels of an enzymatic antioxidant such as SOD were higher in the periodontitis patients than in the control subjects, uric acid levels were statistically significantly lower in the saliva of the periodontitis patients than in the healthy controls. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Except for uric acid, as a non-enzymatic antioxidant, the levels of salivary oxidative stress generally increase in the saliva of periodontitis patients. Since altered levels of salivary biomarkers such as oxidative stress and antioxidant substances might contribute in systemic and local complications in the patients, these informative biomarkers can be used as a promising factor for the early diagnosis of the disease.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Periodontite Crônica , Estresse Oxidativo , Periodontite , Antioxidantes/análise , Biomarcadores/análise , Periodontite Crônica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Malondialdeído/análise , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Saliva/química
10.
Environ Pollut ; 252(Pt B): 1423-1428, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265952

RESUMO

Synthetic phenolic antioxidants (SPAs) have received increasing attention due to the reports of toxicity and environmental contamination. Nevertheless, limited information was available on human burdens of these SPAs, with the exception of 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol (BHT). In our study, BHT as well as six other SPAs were analyzed in human urine samples from United States donors. Three SPA congeners were detected in human urine: BHT, 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol (DBP), and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (BHA). BHT, which is the congener received most concerns, was detected at low concentrations [geometric mean (GM): 0.06 ng/mL], whereas four of its metabolites were detected at relatively high concentrations (GM: 1.68 ng/mL). Surprisingly, DBP was detected at extremely high concentrations (GM: 18.3 ng/mL). The concentrations of DBP (GM: 25.8 ng/mL), BHT (0.853 ng/mL), and metabolites (GM: 10.5 ng/mL) increased significantly after the urine samples were hydrolyzed by ß-glucuronidase (p < 0.01), indicating the prevalence of the conjugated forms of SPAs and their metabolites in human urine. DBP, which has previously received little attention, was the predominant congener, contributing 88.2% and 63.6% to total target concentrations in the urine samples before and after ß-glucuronidase hydrolysis, respectively. Thus, previous studies have vastly underestimated the burdens of SPAs to humans. To our knowledge, this is the first study revealing the presence of DBP in human urine.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Hidroxianisol Butilado/análise , Hidroxitolueno Butilado/análise , Fenóis/urina , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Glucuronidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Urinálise , Adulto Jovem
11.
Food Chem ; 299: 125120, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288162

RESUMO

Although coffee beans have been widely studied, application of coffee flower (CF) has not been previously investigated. Here, we evaluated the use of CF for the production of bioactive compounds, melanoidins, and bio-sugars through the green process. Pressurized hot water extraction was found to be the most appropriate method for extracting bioactive compounds from CF, which contain high values of total phenolic content and have antioxidant properties. Caffeine and trigonelline were the main compounds in CF with yields of 1070.8 mg and 1092.8 mg/100 g dry weight (DW), respectively. Melanoidins were also identified and quantified in the CF extracts that is approximately 30.2% were efficiently recovered in the initial extracts of CF. Bio-sugar was also obtained from cellulase and pectinase at a 92.8% conversion rate. The aim of this study is to promote a novel approach using high amounts of CFs in the production of functional healthy foods and beverages.


Assuntos
Coffea/química , Flores/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/metabolismo , Polímeros/metabolismo , Açúcares/metabolismo , Alcaloides/análise , Antioxidantes/análise , Cafeína/análise , Carboidratos/análise , Fenóis/análise
12.
Food Chem ; 299: 125124, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288163

RESUMO

Inflammation plays a key role in diseases such as diabetes, asthma, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Diet can influence different stages of inflammation and can have an important impact on several inflammatory diseases. Increasing scientific evidence has shown that polyphenolic compounds, such as flavonoids, which are found in fruits, vegetables, legumes, or cocoa, can have anti-inflammatory properties. Recent studies have demonstrated that flavonoids can inhibit regulatory enzymes or transcription factors important for controlling mediators involved in inflammation. Flavonoids are also known as potent antioxidants with the potential to attenuate tissue damage or fibrosis. Consequently, numerous studies in vitro and in animal models have found that flavonoids have the potential to inhibit the onset and development of inflammatory diseases. In the present review, we focused in flavonoids, the most abundant polyphenols in the diet, to give an overview of the most recent scientific knowledge about their impact on different inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Antioxidantes/análise , Cacau/química , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Dieta , Fabaceae/química , Flavonoides/análise , Frutas/química , Humanos , Neoplasias/patologia , Polifenóis/análise , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Verduras/química
13.
J Food Sci ; 84(8): 2337-2346, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294468

RESUMO

Unopened flower buds of Capparis spinosa L. (capers), generally used in the Mediterranean area as food flavoring, are known to be a good source of bioactive compounds. The aim of this work was to evaluate the nutraceutical value of salt-fermented capers collected from different areas of Pantelleria Island (Italy), testing their methylglyoxal and glyoxal trapping capacity and antioxidant activity by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), [2,2-azinobis(3-ethylben- zothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)] diammonium salt (ABTS), and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assays. Hydrophilic extracts were also characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization/mass spectrometry. Among 24 detected compounds, several flavonol derivatives and glucosinolates were identified. The levels of kaempferol and quercetin derivatives varied considerably among the five accessions considered (6.46 to 267.93 and 22.39 to 367.14 mg kaempferol and quercetin equivalent /g fresh weight, respectively), with kaempferol derivatives more representative than quercetin ones. Person's coefficient indicated a high correlation between total phenolic content and anti-DPPH radical capacity (R2 = 0.665), as well as between total flavonoid content and antioxidant capacity (by ORAC assay; R2 = 0.888) and between total flavonoid content and glyoxal and methylglyoxal trapping capacity (R2 = 0.918). Results indicate that capers from Pantelleria Island represent a rich source of bioactive compounds with potential nutraceutical relevance. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: The findings of this study highlight the health benefits of Pantelleria capers consumption due to their composition in antioxidants and their biological properties (antiradical and alpha-dicarbonyls trapping) correlated with the development of a high number of chronic-degenerative diseases. These results are also important for the agricultural and commercial sectors involved in the production of capers from Pantelleria, which received the Protected Geographical Indications recognition.


Assuntos
Capparis/química , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Glucosinolatos/análise , Itália , Quempferóis/análise , Fenóis/análise , Quercetina/análise , Sementes/química
14.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 153, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rhus trilobata Nutt. (Anacardiaceae) (RHTR) is a plant of Mexico that is traditionally used as an alternative treatment for several types of cancer. However, the phytochemical composition and potential toxicity of this plant have not been evaluated to support its therapeutic use. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the biological activity of RHTR against colorectal adenocarcinoma cells, determine its possible acute toxicity, and analyze its phytochemical composition. METHODS: The traditional preparation was performed by decoction of stems in distilled water (aqueous extract, AE), and flavonoids were concentrated with C18-cartridges and ethyl acetate (flavonoid fraction, FF). The biological activity was evaluated by MTT viability curves and the TUNEL assay in colorectal adenocarcinoma (CACO-2), ovarian epithelium (CHO-K1) and lung/bronchus epithelium (BEAS-2B) cells. The toxicological effect was determined in female BALB/c mice after 24 h and 14 days of intraperitoneal administration of 200 mg/kg AE and FF, respectively. Later, the animals were sacrificed for histopathological observation of organs and sera obtained by retro-orbital bleeding for biochemical marker analysis. Finally, the phytochemical characterization of AE and FF was conducted by UPLC-MSE. RESULTS: In the MTT assays, AE and FF at 5 and 18 µg/mL decreased the viability of CACO-2 cells compared with cells treated with vehicle or normal cells (p ≤ 0.05, ANOVA), with changes in cell morphology and the induction of apoptosis. Anatomical and histological analysis of organs did not reveal important pathological lesions at the time of assessment. Additionally, biochemical markers remained normal and showed no differences from those of the control group after 24 h and 14 days of treatment (p ≤ 0.05, ANOVA). Finally, UPLC-MSE analysis revealed 173 compounds in AE-RHTR, primarily flavonoids, fatty acids and phenolic acids. The most abundant compounds in AE and FF were quercetin and myricetin derivates (glycosides), methyl gallate, epigallocatechin-3-cinnamate, ß-PGG, fisetin and margaric acid, which might be related to the anticancer properties of RHTR. CONCLUSION: RHTR exhibits biological activity against cancer cells and does not present adverse toxicological effects during its in vivo administration, supporting its traditional use.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/análise , Rhus/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/análise , Células CHO , Células CACO-2 , Cricetulus , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Flavonoides/análise , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional , México , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Polifenóis/análise , Rhus/toxicidade
15.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 154, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Of over 35 Saudi plants traditionally used to treat liver disorders, majority still lack scientific validations. We therefore, evaluated the anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic and hepatoprotective potential of Solanum surattense leaves total ethanol-extract (SSEE). METHODS: The cytoprotective (4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide/ MTT assay) and anti-apoptotic (caspase-3/7) potential of SSEE (25-200 µg/mL) were assessed in cultured HepG2 cells against dichlorofluorescein (DCFH)-induced toxicity. The hepatoprotective salutation of SSEE (100 and 200 mg/kg.bw/day) in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-intoxicated rats was evaluated by serum biochemistry and histopathology. The anti-oxidative activity of SSEE (31.25-500 µg/mL) was tested by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging and linoleic acid bleaching assays. Also, SSEE was subjected to qualitative phytochemical analysis, and standardized by validated high-performance liquid chromatography (HPTLC). RESULTS: SSEE at doses 50, 100 and 200 µg/mL showed HepG2 cell proliferative and protective potential by about 61.0, 67.2 and 95%, respectively through inhibition of caspase-3/7 against DCFH-toxicity. In CCl4-injured rats, SSEE (200 mg/kg) significantly (P < 0.001) normalized serum transaminases, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, cholesterol, triglycerides, and total protein, including tissue malondialdehyde and nonprotein sulfhydryls levels, supported by the liver histopathology. SSEE further showed strong in vitro anti-oxidative and anti-lipid peroxidative activities, evidenced by the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, sterols and saponins. Identification of ß-sitosterol (3.46 µg/mg) strongly supported the anti-oxidative and hepatoprotective salutation of SSEE. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest the therapeutic potential of S. surattense against chemical-induced oxidative stress and liver damage. However, isolation of the active principles and elucidation of mechanism of action remain to be addressed.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Solanum/química , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Intoxicação por Tetracloreto de Carbono/tratamento farmacológico , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos Wistar , Sitosteroides/análise
16.
Food Chem ; 301: 125256, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362192

RESUMO

Panela is a natural, unrefined non-centrifugal sugar obtained by intense dehydration of sugarcane juice. Acrylamide, hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), and furfural were determined in 40 panela samples distributed as granulated and block according to the technological process. Colour, browning, moisture, water activity, pH and antioxidant capacity were also evaluated. Acrylamide ranged between 60 and 3058 µg/kg; granulated panela reporting the highest concentration (812 µg/kg) compared with block panela (540 µg/kg). The lower content in HMF and furfural, the intense dehydration, and the extensive darkening of granulated panela suggested the browning reactions were boosted due to the application of more severe thermal treatments. Principal component analysis showed a significant relationship between the panela presentation and the concentration of the analysed compounds. Benchmark values considering both types of processes would help to establish mitigation initiatives in panela products. The chromatic parameter a* could be used as an indirect index of the acrylamide content in panela.


Assuntos
Acrilamida/análise , Antioxidantes/análise , Fenômenos Químicos , Temperatura Alta , Açúcares/química , Plasmídeos de Bacteriocinas , Cor , Furaldeído/análogos & derivados , Furaldeído/análise , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Reação de Maillard , Saccharum/química
17.
Food Chem ; 299: 125095, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279124

RESUMO

Hydrogen gas (H2), a multifunctional signaling molecule, has received increasing attention in recent years. In the present study, hydrogen-rich water (HRW) (2 ppm) was used for the processing of sprouted black barley (Hordeum distichum L.), and the results showed that the HRW treatment could significantly increase the germination rate and growth rate of black barley (P < 0.05). A chemical component analysis showed that in sprouted black barley, the HRW treatment could change the distribution of phytochemicals (e.g., the ionic strength of guanosine), increase the concentrations of free vanillic acid, coumaric acid, sinapic acid, conjugated sinapic acid, Ca and Fe and the hydroxyl radical scavenging rate, and decrease the protein, fat, starch and dietary fibre contents compared with the results obtained after treatment with ultra-pure water (P < 0.05). HRW can be used for the processing of sprouted grains to effectively increase their germination efficiency and concentrations of bioactive phytochemicals.


Assuntos
Hordeum/química , Hordeum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Fibras na Dieta/análise , Germinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Hordeum/efeitos dos fármacos , Radical Hidroxila/análise , Espectrometria de Massas , Proteínas de Vegetais Comestíveis/análise , Amido/análise , Água/química , Água/farmacologia
18.
Food Chem ; 298: 125032, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260968

RESUMO

A dietary fibre prepared from sugarcane stalk was compared with psyllium husk and wheat dextrin. In contrast to the other dietary fibres, sugarcane fibre was found to contain significant amounts of insoluble dietary fibre (73-86%), lignin (18.66-20.23%), and rare minerals such as chromium (0.67-2.54 mg/100 g) and manganese (1.07-2.34 mg/100 g). Analysis of the ethanol extract also detected compounds with antioxidant activity. Characterisation of five sugarcane fibres prepared from selected strains, harvest periods (growth or storage phase), and processing conditions showed these factors influenced the final composition. Furthermore, using in vitro digestion, we found that potassium, magnesium, chromium, and zinc in were bioaccessible in sugarcane samples. Also, sodium was shown to bind to the sugarcane fibre potentially indicating bile salt binding activity. Results from this study support the use of sugarcane as a source of dietary fibre in functional foods.


Assuntos
Dextrinas/química , Fibras na Dieta/análise , Plantago/química , Saccharum/química , Triticum/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Cromo/análise , Cromo/farmacocinética , Dextrinas/análise , Fibras na Dieta/metabolismo , Indústria de Processamento de Alimentos/métodos , Lignina/análise , Metais/análise , Metais/farmacocinética
19.
Food Chem ; 298: 124971, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260997

RESUMO

The BRS Violeta grape presents pulp and skin with high content of phenolic compounds (PCs) and intense purplish color. It was used as raw material for the production of juice and dehydrated products using foam mat drying at 60, 70 and 80 °C and freeze drying (control). HLPC-DAD-ESI-MSn allowed the evaluation of the quantitative and qualitative changes of the main PCs (anthocyanins, flavonols and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives (HCAD)) present in the grapes during the processing. The use of the steam extraction method to obtain grape juice allowed a greater extraction of flavonols and, mainly derivatives of hydroxycinnamic acids, when compared with anthocyanins. Drying at 70 °C was the most suitable for the preservation of the PCs and, at the same time, for the reduction of the processing time. The powdered products presented considerable concentrations of total PCs (3-5 mg/g) and antioxidant activity (32-79 (DPPH) or 17-27 (FRAP) mg/g).


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Indústria de Processamento de Alimentos/métodos , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Fenóis/análise , Vitis/química , Antocianinas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cor , Ácidos Cumáricos/análise , Flavonóis/análise , Liofilização , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/análise , Pós , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Temperatura Ambiente
20.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 74(3): 277-286, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278560

RESUMO

Obesity is a major worldwide health threat. It is characterized by an abnormal adipose tissue overgrowth together with increased monocytes infiltration, causing inflammation and oxidative stress, events associated with several illnesses. Investigations have focused on the benefits of native fruit consumption, claiming these to be natural sources of bioactive compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory characteristics. It has been widely stated that berries are a source of the most antioxidant compounds, and, thus, seem highly promising to endure research efforts on these vegetal matrices. The present article describes botanical, chemical and biomedical features of the Chilean native berries, Aristotelia chilensis, Ugni molinae, and Berberis microphylla. This work aims to potentiate incoming research focused on the search for novel treatments for first-order diseases with these particular plant sources.


Assuntos
Berberis/química , Elaeocarpaceae/química , Frutas/química , Myrtaceae/química , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Chile , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/etiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Estresse Oxidativo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
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