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1.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 42-49, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656110

RESUMO

Matricaria chamomilla L. contains antioxidant flavonoids that can have their bioactivity enhanced by enzymatic hydrolysis of specific glycosyl groups. This study implements an untargeted metabolomics approach based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionisation quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry technique operating in MSE mode (UPLC-QTOF-MSE) and spectrophotometric analysis of chamomile aqueous infusions, before and after hydrolysis by hesperidinase and ß-galactosidase. Several phenolic compounds were altered in the enzymatically treated infusion, with the majority being flavonoid derivatives of apigenin, esculetin, and quercetin. Although enzymatically modifying the infusion only led to a small increase in antioxidant activity (DPPH• method), its inhibitory effect on pancreatic lipase was of particular interest. The enzymatically treated infusion exhibited a greater inhibitory effect (EC50 of 35.6 µM) than unmodified infusion and kinetic analysis suggested mixed inhibition of pancreatic lipase. These results are of great relevance due to the potential of enzymatically treated functional foods in human health.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Lipase/antagonistas & inibidores , Matricaria/química , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/antagonistas & inibidores , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrólise , Lipase/metabolismo , Matricaria/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Estrutura Molecular , Picratos/antagonistas & inibidores , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , beta-Galactosidase/metabolismo
2.
Biophys Chem ; 256: 106268, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707064

RESUMO

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are extensively used in the area of biotechnology and biomedicine, and the binding of proteins to CNTs plays an important role in the potential toxicity of nanomaterials. Rutin is a glycoside of the bioactive quercetin with various health-improving effects due to its antioxidant ability. Demonstration of the interaction between serum albumin and bioactive components is important to design effective carriers for the suppression of CNTs' toxicity. In this study, bindings of bovine serum albumin (BSA) to single-walled CNTs and/or rutin were investigated by fluorescence and molecular docking techniques. The fluorescence of BSA was significantly quenched by both CNTs and rutin in static mode, which was confirmed by the Stern-Volmer calculations. Although rutin showed higher affinity to protein than CNTs, the interactions of both components with BSA did mainly locate within subdomain IIA (site I). BSA-diligand complexes were successfully formed after the simultaneous addition of CNTs and rutin. Bioactive rutin in the BSA-diligand complex still kept strong free radical scavenging activity compared to free rutin or BSA-monoligand complex. Consistently, the cytotoxicity of CNTs and reactive oxygen species formation in endothelial cells was reduced in the BSA-diligand complexes relative to those of BSA-CNTs corona or CNTs alone, where the co-presence of rutin played an important role. These findings suggest the possibility and advantage of designing BSA-based carriers for the suppression of CNTs' toxicity in their biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Rutina/química , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Sítios de Ligação , Bovinos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Nanotubos de Carbono/toxicidade , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Rutina/metabolismo , Soroalbumina Bovina/metabolismo
3.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 59-73, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Jiuzao is the residue after Bajiu distillation which is usually used as forage for livestock. However, it is not fully utilized yet considering the content of protein remained. The present study aimed to isolate antioxidant peptides from Jiuzao protein hydrolysates, then add these peptides into Baijiu product to enhance the healthy value of Baiju. Meanwhile environmental pollution caused by massive Jiuzao can be mitigated indirectly. RESULTS: Four peptides Ala-Tyr-Ile(Leu) (AYI(L)) and Asp-Arg-Glu-Ile(Leu) (DREI(L)) were identified from Jiuzao protein hydrolysates, the extraction contents of AYI + AYL and DREI + DREL were 896.10 and 110.51 mg kg-1 Jiuzao, respectively. On the one hand, antioxidant activities of these peptides were investigated. For in vitro antioxidant assays, AYI, AYL and DREI exhibited strong capacities in oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. Furthermore, three levels of four peptides were assessed by 2,2'-azobis(2-methylpropanimidamidine) (AAPH)-induced HepG2 cells model. The results showed that these peptides exerted a degree of antioxidant activities in cells. Meanwhile, selected peptides concentrations according to cell assays remined at effective doses after in vitro digestion. On the other hand, the influence of these four peptides on the characteristic aroma compounds in Baijiu was studied. Most characteristic aroma compounds releases were increased with the addition of peptides. CONCLUSION: In the study, antioxidant activities of peptides were evaluated, the feasibility of utilizing Jiuzao protein hydrolysates to obtain beneficial peptides was also proved. Healthy effect of Baijiu or other food can be increased by adding these functional substances. The findings might contribute to food application and Baijiu industries. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Peptídeos/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Resíduos/análise , Vinho/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia
4.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(2): 509-516, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emblica officinalis, known as amla in Ayurveda, has been used as a folk medicine to treat numerous pathological conditions, including diabetes. However, the novel extract of E. officinalis fruit extract (amla fruit extract, AFE, Saberry®) containing 100 g kg-1 ß-glucogallin along with hydrolyzable tannins has not yet been extensively studied for its antidiabetic potential. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the antidiabetic and antioxidant activities of AFE and its stability during gastric stress as well as its thermostability. METHODS: The effect of AFE on the inhibition of pancreatic α-amylase and salivary α-amylase enzymes was studied using starch and yeast α-glucosidase enzyme using 4-nitrophenyl α-d-glucopyranoside as substrate. Further, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging and reactive oxygen species inhibition assay was performed against AFE. RESULTS: AFE potently inhibited the activities of α-amylase and α-glucosidase in a concentration-dependent manner with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50 ) values of 135.70 µg mL-1 and 106.70 µg mL-1 respectively. Furthermore, it also showed inhibition of α-glucosidase (IC50 562.9 µg mL-1 ) and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4; IC50 3770 µg mL-1 ) enzyme activities. AFE is a potent antioxidant showing a free radical scavenging activity (IC50 2.37 µg mL-1 ) and protecting against cellular reactive oxygen species (IC50 1.77 µg mL-1 ), and the effects elicited could be attributed to its phytoconstituents. CONCLUSION: AFE showed significant gastric acid resistance and was also found to be thermostable against wet heat. Excellent α-amylase, α-glucosidase, and DPP-4 inhibitory activities of AFE, as well as antioxidant activities, strongly recommend its use for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. © 2019 The Authors. Journal of The Science of Food and Agriculture published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/química , Frutas/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Phyllanthus emblica/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/enzimologia , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/química , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores , alfa-Amilases/química , alfa-Glucosidases/química
5.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(2): 578-586, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Canola oil processing generates as by-products cakes rich in proteins, which have high nutritional value. These cakes contain an expressive amount of phenolic compounds which are important as antioxidants, but can interfere in proteins nutritional value. The aim of this work was to identify the phenolic compounds present in canola seed cake and to maximize their extraction by investigating the factors: temperature (20-70 °C), ethanol concentration in water (0-85%) and sample/solvent ratio (1:5-1:20). RESULTS: The maximum phenolic compounds amount was obtained at 65 °C, ethanol concentration of 35% and sample/solvent ratio of 1:20. At this condition, more than 95% of these compounds were extracted from the canola seed cake. It was observed that the solvent could be re-used for additional extractions, reducing the solvent consumption. A large number of phenolic compounds were identified (24 compounds) and quantified, including sinapic acid derivatives, flavonoid glycosides derivatives and major and minor sinapoyl choline derivatives. CONCLUSION: The phenolic compounds can be easily extracted from the canola seed cake, resulting in a cake with low antinutrients content and, in contrast, an extract rich in antioxidant compounds with possible use as a natural source of antioxidants. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Brassica napus/química , Fenóis/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas , Valor Nutritivo , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Sementes/química
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 376-383, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Every year, the viticulture activity generates considerable amounts of underused lignocellulosic residues as grape cane, which are generally composted or burned despite their potential value as a source of bioactive compounds. Determination of their phytochemical composition and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) may be a useful way of exploiting different high-added value applications. RESULTS: Twenty-one phenolic compounds (PC) and two carotenoids (Car) were quantified by high performance-liquid chromatography-diode array detection in eight grape varieties from different locations in Mendoza, Argentina. The maximum concentrations corresponded to the stilbene ϵ-viniferin [10 552 µg g-1 dry weight (DW)], followed by the flavanols (+)-catechin (3718 µg g-1 DW) and (-)-epicatechin (2486 µg g-1 DW). In addition, lutein and ß-carotene were quantified at levels ranging between 350 and 2400 ng g-1 DW. The TAC of the extracts was assessed by oxygen radical absorbance capacity, 2,20-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl assays, with a good correlation between TAC and total PC for each sample (r ≥ 0.82). CONCLUSION: Samples of cv. Malbec, the most representative variety of Argentina's winemaking industry, presented high contents of PC, particularly ϵ-viniferin, (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin. Quercetin-3-galactoside, OH-tyrosol and Car were reported for the first time in grape canes of the eight varieties. The results add to the existing knowledge related to this inexpensive source of high-value bioactive compounds, which could be used as functional ingredients. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Polifenóis/química , Vitis/química , Resíduos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Caules de Planta/química , Vitis/classificação
7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 401-409, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is widely recognized that ambient levels of solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation strongly influence the phenolic composition of grape skins. However, it is unknown to what extent this influence is reflected in the resulting wines. RESULTS: Tempranillo grapevines were exposed or non-exposed to close-to-ambient solar UV levels using appropriate filters, and the phenolic profiles and antioxidant capacity of both grape skins and the resulting wines were analyzed. In total, 47 phenolic compounds were identified in skins and wines, including flavonols, anthocyanins, flavanols, stilbenes, and hydroxycinnamic and hydroxybenzoic acids. In UV-exposed grape skins, flavonols and anthocyanins increased, whereas flavanols and hydroxybenzoic acids showed no significant change. These characteristics were conserved in the resulting wines. However, for stilbenes, hydroxycinnamic acids and antioxidant capacity, the effect of UV on grape skins was not conserved in wines, probably as a result of changes during winemaking. In addition, color intensity, total phenols and total polyphenol index of wines elaborated from UV-exposed grapes increased (although non-significantly) compared to those made from non-UV-exposed grapes. CONCLUSION: The phenolic composition of grape skins exposed to close-to-ambient solar UV could predict, to some extent, the phenolic composition of the resulting wines, particularly regarding higher contents of flavonols and anthocyanins. Thus, manipulating the UV radiation received by grape skins could improve wine quality by positively influencing color stability and healthy properties. To our knowledge, this is the first study in which the effects of solar UV radiation on phenolic composition have been assessed from grape skins to wine. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Frutas/efeitos da radiação , Fenóis/química , Vitis/química , Vinho/análise , Antocianinas/química , Antioxidantes/química , Flavonóis/química , Frutas/química , Polifenóis/química , Estilbenos/química , Raios Ultravioleta , Vitis/efeitos da radiação
8.
Food Chem ; 307: 125524, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639581

RESUMO

Methylcellulose (MC) polymer was used to prepare the edible films. Then, the Rheum ribes L. ethanol extract (RE) was added to the films in order to act as a natural antimicrobial agent. All the methylcellulose films were characterized for bioactivity and the physicochemical analysis were carried out to define functional group interactions between the polymer and RE. The strongest antimicrobial effect was obtained with MC films enriched with 2% (w/w) RE against to Listeria monocytogenes with 20.3 ±â€¯2.5 mm zone diameter. In the presence of RE, the tensile strength of film decreased, whereas the extract concentration significantly increased. The elongation at break and the water vapor permeability (WVP) values of the films were found to have decreased significantly in parallel with the increase in RE content. Moreover, the increase in the concentration of RE caused an increment in the hydrophilic properties, especially contact angle values of the films.


Assuntos
Metilcelulose/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Rheum/química , Antioxidantes/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Listeria monocytogenes/efeitos dos fármacos , Permeabilidade , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rheum/metabolismo , Resistência à Tração , Água/química
9.
Food Chem ; 307: 125518, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644976

RESUMO

The Greek vineyard is home to many minor, indigenous grape cultivar whose diverse polyphenolic content has remained largely unexploited. The study aimed at assaying and assessing the polyphenolic content and antioxidant capacity of: (a) five obscure cultivars; (b) Six biotypes of cultivar 'Liatiko'; (c) Five prominent cultivars; and (d) three French varieties included for comparison reasons. Results revealed all samples exhibiting high polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity levels. 'Vertzami' recorded the highest concentrations in berry skins total anthocyanins, flavanols, flavonols, antioxidant capacity. 'Mandilaria' scored the highest value in seed total flavanols compared to all biotypes and cultivars. All 'Liatiko' biotypes scored the highest concentrations in seed total flavonoids and flavonols. 'Liatiko' and its biotypes exhibited different polyphenolic profiles between them. Owing to the climate change, those indigenous varieties' substantial polyphenol amounts, and the differences between biotypes, will allow viticulturists to select the varieties/biotypes most appropriate for obtaining higher quality products.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Polifenóis/química , Vitis/química , Antocianinas/análise , Mudança Climática , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonóis/análise , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Grécia , Polifenóis/análise , Sementes/química , Sementes/metabolismo , Vitis/metabolismo
10.
Food Chem ; 307: 125521, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655264

RESUMO

The essential oils and antioxidant activity of four Thymus species were evaluated under five light spectra (namely, red, blue, red-blue, white, and greenhouse condition). The highest essential oil yield (4.17%) was observed under red light in T. migricus, while the lowest (1.05%) was observed in T. carmanicus under greenhouse conditions. Light quality also led to difference in essential oil constituents. The highest thymol (66%) was found in T. migricus exposed to blue light, while the least (1.69%) was observed in T. kotschyanus grown under red-blue light. The LED treatments did not induce any significant effect on carvacrol of Thymus species in comparison to the greenhouse condition. Finally, the analysis of variance indicates that the effect of light varied with the studied species. T. migricus performed the highest antioxidant capacity (IC50 = 176.8 µg/mL) under blue light. Overall, essential oil components as well as antioxidants showed significant responses to light emitting diodes wavelengths.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Luz , Timol/metabolismo , Thymus (Planta)/química , Análise de Variância , Antioxidantes/química , Cromatografia Gasosa , Análise por Conglomerados , Efeito Estufa , Óleos Voláteis/química , Análise de Componente Principal , Timol/química , Thymus (Planta)/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Thymus (Planta)/metabolismo
11.
Food Chem ; 308: 125633, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644968

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of different bran extracts and concentrations, and their influence on the parameters of a mayonnaise-type emulsion. To that end, first ethanol and then water were used to extract two rice bran extracts (RBE) from rice bran. Both these extracts were then added at two different concentrations (0.5 and 2%) to the emulsions that were subsequently analysed after seven days under two different storage temperatures, 4 °C and 20 °C. The antioxidant and antimicrobial ability of the extracts were evaluated, along with a control and a synthetic antioxidant. Results indicate the positive effect of rice bran extracts as additives in the food matrix. Ethanolic rice bran extract (EE) at 2% decreased the oxidation as well as mould and yeast proliferation and preserved the emulsion structure, while the other treatments acted in a similar way although their effect was less pronounced.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Oryza/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Condimentos , Emulsões , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Listeria/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxirredução , Extratos Vegetais/química
12.
Food Chem ; 307: 125547, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639582

RESUMO

Functional properties and antioxidant activity of soybean meal extracts obtained by conventional chemical method were compared to those obtained by using electro-activated solutions. The conventional extract obtained at pH8 had the highest WAC (400 ±â€¯7 g/100 g), while the lowest was that of samples extracted under pH3. Extract obtained using electro-activated solution Anolyte_300mA-30 min had WAC value (25 ±â€¯1 g/100 g). OAC was the highest for samples extracted under alkaline conditions whatever the extraction mode used with values of 5.50 ±â€¯0.54 to 6.85 ±â€¯0.62 mL/g. FC of the conventional extracts was higher compared to those extracted by electro-activation with maximal value of 52% for the conventional sample obtained at pH9, whereas the maximal FC of 28% was observed for the electro-activated sample obtained by using Anolyte_450mA-50 min. Electro-activated showed higher EP. Conventional extracts showed higher antioxidant activity (92.31 ±â€¯1.5%) than those obtained by electro-activation (47.46 ±â€¯0.94%).


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Soja/química , Elétrons , Refeições , Extratos Vegetais/química , Soluções
13.
Food Chem ; 305: 125458, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505416

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the effects of feeding flaxseed meal (FSM) and turmeric rhizome powder (TRP) supplementation on tissue lipid profile, lipid metabolism, health indices, oxidative stability, and physical properties of broiler chicken meat. The 100 g FSM along with 10.0 g TRP supplementation significantly increased the ω-3 PUFA, particularly ALA, EPA, DPA, and DHA of broiler chicken meat due to the corresponding increase ∆9 and Δ5 + Δ6 desaturase activities. The increased activities of the desaturases resulted in significantly better health indices of the broiler chicken meat. The feeding of 100 g FSM along with 10.0 g TRP supplementation reduced the atherogenic and thrombogenic indices of broiler chicken meat. The 100 g FSM feeding reduced the oxidative stability, water holding capacity, extract release volume of broiler chicken meat and increased drip loss, whereas, 10.0 g TRP supplementation reversed these negative effects of FSM.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Curcuma/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/análise , Linho/metabolismo , Carne/análise , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Galinhas , Dieta , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Oxirredução , Estearoil-CoA Dessaturase/metabolismo
14.
Food Chem ; 305: 125479, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505418

RESUMO

1-o-Galloylglycerol (GG) was synthesized by the enzymatic glycerolysis of propyl gallate (PG) using a food-grade lipase (Lipozyme® 435). The reaction conditions affecting the yield of GG were optimized and a yield of 76.9% ±â€¯1.2% was obtained. GG was characterized by various techniques after being separated from the reaction mixture using liquid-liquid extraction. The water solubility and hydrophilicity of GG were significantly higher than those of gallic acid (GA) and PG. The antioxidant properties, measured by the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) scavenging assays, showed that GG exhibited the highest scavenging capacity (GG > GA > PG). From the results of the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH•) and 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS•+) assays, GG and GA exhibited greater scavenging capacity than PG (GG = GA > PG). These results suggest that GG may be used as a water-soluble antioxidant alternative to GA for food and cosmetic applications.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Glicerol/química , Ácido Gálico/química , Glicerol/isolamento & purificação , Glicerol/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Lipase/metabolismo , Extração Líquido-Líquido , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Galato de Propila/química , Solubilidade , Temperatura Ambiente
15.
Food Chem ; 305: 125462, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618694

RESUMO

The objectives of this research were to demonstrate the changes in isoflavone-aglycones, total phenolics, and biological properties (digestive enzyme inhibition; antioxidant) from six organs including leaves, leafstalks, roots, stems, seeds, and pods at different growth times of soybean plant. Three isoflavone-aglycones in microwave-assisted acid hydrolysis extracts were elucidated using UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS and their contents exhibited remarkable differences in leaves (245.93-2239.33 µg/g), roots (854.96-4425.34 µg/g), and seeds (ND-2339.62 µg/g). Specifically, the collected samples on 15-Oct (leaves: 2239.33; seeds: 2339.62 µg/g) and 31-Aug (roots: 4425.34 µg/g) showed the highest isoflavone-aglycones, and daidzein was observed the most abundant component, comprising approximately 70%. Moreover, the inhibitions against α-glucosidase and α-amylase displayed the predominant effects in roots (89;91%) and leaves (81;85%) of samples on 31-Aug and 15-Oct at 300 µg/ml. The antioxidant activities on ABTS, DPPH, and hydroxyl radicals increased considerably with the increases of growth times in leaves and seeds, especially, ABTS showed the highest scavenging abilities: leaves (15-Oct;83%) > roots (31-Aug;75%) > seeds (15-Oct;68%). Therefore, our results suggest that soybean leaves, roots and seeds may be considered as excellent natural sources for nutraceuticals.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Glucosidases/metabolismo , Isoflavonas/análise , Micro-Ondas , Soja/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Glucosidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Hidrólise , Isoflavonas/metabolismo , Fenóis/análise , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Sementes/química , Sementes/metabolismo , Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Soja/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
16.
Food Chem ; 305: 125437, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499290

RESUMO

Total polyphenols and flavonoids content, phenolics profile by HPLC, and antioxidant activity of ten fruit beer produced adding fruits during the fermentation process were analyzed. The fruits were: cherry, raspberry, peach, apricot, grape, plum, orange and apple. Antioxidant activity, total polyphenols and flavonoids content were considerably higher in most of the fruit beers in respect to conventional, no-fruit beers. Cherries beers exhibit the highest values, followed by grape, plum and orange beers. An enrichment was observed in catechin and quercetin content in all fruit beers examined. Myricetin and resveratrol were also detected in most of the fruit beers. Among phenolic acids, an enrichment in chlorogenic, neochlorogenic, p-coumaric and caffeic acids was measured in most of the fruit beers in respect to conventional beers. Our findings show that fruits addition during the fermentation process considerably increased the antioxidant activity of beer and qualitatively and quantitatively improved its phenolics profile.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Cerveja/análise , Rosaceae/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonoides/química , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Fenóis/análise , Fenóis/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Polifenóis/análise , Polifenóis/química , Rosaceae/metabolismo
17.
Food Chem ; 306: 125635, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606637

RESUMO

The production of commercial cold pressed avocado oil (CPAO) generates large quantity of organic wastes such as pomace, seeds, peels and wastewater. During the early harvest season, for every 1000 kg of avocado fruits processed, roughly 80 kg of oil is produced and wastewater accounted for the highest proportion (500 kg). Therefore, it is important to find an alternative application for this wastewater rather than its direct disposal into landfills. Proximate analysis, total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant assays were conducted on the avocado wastes. Avocado wastewater (AWW) was spray dried into powder at different temperatures from 110 °C to 160 °C, which concomitantly increased the TPC and antioxidant capacities of the AWW powder. The powder was further applied as a preservative in pork sausages and was found to be effective in preventing lipid oxidation.


Assuntos
Conservantes de Alimentos , Resíduos Industriais , Persea/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Frutas/química , Produtos da Carne , Oxirredução , Fenóis/química , Sementes/química , Suínos
18.
Food Chem ; 305: 125499, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606694

RESUMO

The quality of garlic is mainly attributed to organosulfur compounds that are the secondary metabolites of certain amino acids. Herein, a sensitive and rapid method for the simultaneous determination of 7 organosulfur compounds and 21 amino acids using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) was developed. Then the levels of these 28 compounds and allicin in garlic among 242 samples from 6 provinces in China were profiled with multivariate data analysis. The results showed that garlic was rich in organosulfur compounds and could be a good supplement for amino acids. Contents of 29 compounds varied greatly among the provinces. The multivariate data analysis demonstrated two major groups for all samples, indicating that the location has a significant influence on the metabolism of garlic. Besides, the compositional differences of garlic from 6 provinces and correlations for growing conditions and contents of components were also analyzed.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/análise , Análise de Alimentos , Alho/química , Compostos de Enxofre/análise , Aminoácidos/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/química , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Compostos de Enxofre/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(18): 4000-4008, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872737

RESUMO

Agarwood is a traditional and precious medicinal material and natural spice in China and other southeast Asian countries.As the head of all spices,agarwood has many pharmacological activities such as analgesia,antidiarrheal,anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. Due to its high price and scarce resources,there were just a few previous studies on it,mainly focusing on the chemical compositions of the agarwood essential oil and solvent extract mixture. The components of agarwood oils obtained by supercritical extraction and steam distillation were analyzed by using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer( GC-MS),and then the agarwood oils compositions and contents were compared between the traditional extraction method and the recently emerging supercritical extraction method. Antioxidant experiments of scavenging DPPH,ABTS,hydroxyl radical,total reducing power and MIC experiments of five kinds of tester strains such as staphylococcus aureus were combined to illustrate the differences between these two kinds of agarwood oils in terms of antioxidant and bacteriostatic activities. The results showed that the main components of agarwood oil were sesquiterpenoids( 68. 68%) in steam distillation extraction method,but sesquiterpenoids( 23. 78%) and chromones( 29. 42%) in supercritical extraction method. Fourteen common components included benzyl acetone,α-santalol,γ-eudesmol,agarospirol and guaiol etc. The antioxidant activity and inhibitory MIC of agarwood oils in supercritical extraction method were better than those in steam distillation method,and the inhibitory effect of agarwood oil on the growth of bacillus subtilis was found for the first time.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Destilação/métodos , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , China , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Vapor , Thymelaeaceae/química , Madeira/química
20.
Pol J Microbiol ; 68(3): 309-316, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880876

RESUMO

Among the species belonging to the Aspergillus section Versicolores, Aspergillus creber has been poorly studied and still unexplored for its biological activities. The present study was undertaken to analyze A. creber extract and to evaluate its in vitro antimicrobial and anti-oxidant activities. UHPLC-MS/MS analysis of A. creber extract allowed the characterization of five known fungal metabolites including: asperlactone, emodin, sterigmatocystin, deoxybrevianamide E, and norsolorinic acid. The highest antimicrobial activity was displayed against Candida albicans, with a mean strongest inhibition zone of 20.6 ± 0.8 mm, followed by Gram-positive drug-resistant bacteria. The MIC values of A. creber extract varied from 0.325 mg/ml to 5 mg/ml. A. creber extract was shown a potent antioxidant activity and a high level of phenolic compounds by recording 89.28% scavenging effect for DPPH free radical, 92.93% in ABTS assay, and 85.76 mg gallic acid equivalents/g extract in Folin-Ciocalteu assay. To our knowledge, this is the first study concerning biological and chemical activities of A. creber species. Based on the obtained results, A. creber could be a promising source of natural antimicrobial and antioxidant compounds.Among the species belonging to the Aspergillus section Versicolores, Aspergillus creber has been poorly studied and still unexplored for its biological activities. The present study was undertaken to analyze A. creber extract and to evaluate its in vitro antimicrobial and anti-oxidant activities. UHPLC-MS/MS analysis of A. creber extract allowed the characterization of five known fungal metabolites including: asperlactone, emodin, sterigmatocystin, deoxybrevianamide E, and norsolorinic acid. The highest antimicrobial activity was displayed against Candida albicans, with a mean strongest inhibition zone of 20.6 ± 0.8 mm, followed by Gram-positive drug-resistant bacteria. The MIC values of A. creber extract varied from 0.325 mg/ml to 5 mg/ml. A. creber extract was shown a potent antioxidant activity and a high level of phenolic compounds by recording 89.28% scavenging effect for DPPH free radical, 92.93% in ABTS assay, and 85.76 mg gallic acid equivalents/g extract in Folin-Ciocalteu assay. To our knowledge, this is the first study concerning biological and chemical activities of A. creber species. Based on the obtained results, A. creber could be a promising source of natural antimicrobial and antioxidant compounds.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Aspergillus/química , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
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