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1.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234016, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480401

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We propose a new method to calculate proptosis by using the simple Heron's formula and analyze its feasibility. METHOD: It was a none-inferiority trial. The registration number was ChiCTR1900026490. The absolute value of proptosis in 120 eyes, 60 patients without eye injury or diseases, was measured by computed tomography (CT) and simple Heron's formula. We did regression analysis and analyzed the differences between the two methods with Medcalc software version 19.0.4. The result was showed by Passing-Bablok regression analysis diagram and Bland and Altman plot. RESULTS: The Passing-Bablok showed that the result of proptosis measured by CT and simple Heron's formula showed good positive correlation. A 95% limit of agreement in proptosis between CT and Heron's formula method was -0.46 to 0.54 mm in right eye and -0.45 to 0.46 mm in left eye. 1.66% (1/60) point was outside 95% LoA in both eyes. Moreover, a 95% limit of agreement between CT and Heron's formula method was -0.42 to 0.56 mm in difference of both eyes. 3.33% (2/60) points were outside 95% LoA. The points in all Bland and Altman plots were lower than 5%. It means that the results of comparison between the two methods had a good consistency in the measurement of proptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Heron's formula could be applied to calculate proptosis and has a good consistency compared with computed tomography (CT). This method is practical in proptosis assessment because of its accuracy, reliability and simplicity.


Assuntos
Antropometria/métodos , Exoftalmia/diagnóstico , Adulto , Antropometria/instrumentação , Olho/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
2.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233395, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32421740

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Tape measurement is a commonly used method in the clinical assessment of lymphedema. However, few studies have assessed the precision and reliability of tape measurement in assessing head and neck lymphedema. This study aimed to evaluate the reliability and precision of using tape measurement, performed by different evaluators, for the assessment of head and neck lymphedema. METHODS: This study was conducted at a tertiary care cancer hospital. Between January and December 2019, 50 patients with head and neck cancers and 50 normal subjects were enrolled. Each subject was examined using tape measurements for 7 point-to-point distances of facial landmarks, 3 circumferences of the neck (upper, middle, and lower), and 2 circumferences of the face (vertical and oblique) by 3 random examiners. Test precision and reliability were assessed with the within-subject standard deviation (Sw) and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC), respectively. RESULTS: Overall, the standard deviation of the tape measurements varied in the range of 4.6 mm to 18.3 mm. The measurement of distance between the tragus and mouth angle (Sw: 4.6 mm) yielded the highest precision, but the reliability (ICC: 0.66) was moderate. The reliabilities of neck circumference measurements (ICC: 0.90-0.95) were good to excellent, but the precisions (Sw: 8.3-12.3 mm) were lower than those of point-to-point facial measurements (Sw: 4.6-8.8 mm). CONCLUSIONS: The different methods of tape measurements varied in precision and reliability. Thus, clinicians should not rely on a single measurement when evaluating head and neck lymphedema.


Assuntos
Antropometria/métodos , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/métodos , Linfedema/patologia , Adulto , Antropometria/instrumentação , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/instrumentação , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/normas , Precisão da Medição Dimensional , Feminino , Cabeça/patologia , Humanos , Linfedema/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Nutr. hosp ; 37(2): 243-250, mar.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190587

RESUMO

NTRODUCTION: in emergencies or in situations involving critically ill patients, an accurate calculation of body weight is essential to ensure adequate medical care. Generally, simple techniques are used to determine weight. AIM: to evaluate the weight estimation methods Advanced Paediatric Life Support (APLS) Update, Luscombe and Owens, Best Guess, and the Broselow tape, comparing measured weight with the weight estimated by each method in hospitalized Brazilian children and adolescents. METHODS: an observational study in which anthropometric data were collected from patients of 0-14 years of age between August 2016 and January 2017. The paired t-test was used to compare the patients' measured weight with their estimated weight. The accuracy of each method was analyzed using Bland-Altman plots and Lin's concordance correlation coefficient. RESULTS: the sample consisted of 446 patients. Most of the patients were male (58.1%), of 1-5 years of age (43%) and well nourished (85%). For those under 12 months of age, the APLS Update and Best Guess methods performed best, with the difference in means of measured weight and estimated weight being 0.4 kg (p = 0.183) and -0.2 kg (p = 0.140), respectively. In the 1-5 years of age group only the APLS Update yielded satisfactory results (0.2 kg; p = 0.200). The best agreement with measured weight, according to the Bland-Altman plots and Lin's coefficient, was found for the Broselow tape (CC = 0.96). CONCLUSION: of the estimation methods evaluated the Broselow tape was the most accurate one. Further studies are required to adapt this method for use in the Brazilian population, thus ensuring its appropriate application in this country


INTRODUCCIÓN: en las emergencias o en las situaciones que involucran a pacientes críticamente enfermos, el cálculo preciso del peso corporal es esencial para garantizar una atención médica adecuada. En general se utilizan técnicas simples para determinar el peso. OBJETIVO: evaluar los métodos de estimación del peso Advanced Paediatric Life Support (APLS) Update, Luscombe y Owens, Best Guess y la cinta Broselow, comparando el peso medido con el peso estimado por cada método en los pacientes hospitalizados. MÉTODOS: estudio observacional en el que se recopilaron datos antropométricos de pacientes de 0 a 14 años de edad entre agosto de 2016 y enero de 2017. Se utilizó la prueba t pareada para comparar el peso medido de los pacientes con su peso estimado. La precisión de cada método se analizó mediante gráficos de Bland-Altman y el coeficiente de correlación de concordancia de Lin. RESULTADOS: la muestra estuvo constituida por 446 pacientes. La mayoría eran varones (58,1 %) de 1 a 5 años (43 %) y bien nutridos (85 %). Para los menores de 12 meses de edad, los métodos APLS Update y Best Guess obtuvieron los mejores resultados, siendo la diferencia entre las medias de peso medido y peso estimado de 0,4 kg (p = 0,183) y -0,2 kg (p = 0,140), respectivamente. En el grupo de 1 a 5 años, solo el método APLS Update arrojó resultados satisfactorios (0,2 kg; p = 0,200). El mejor acuerdo con el peso medido, según las gráficas de Bland-Altman y el coeficiente de Lin, se encontró al utilizar la cinta Broselow (CC = 0,96). CONCLUSIÓN: de los métodos de estimación evaluados, la cinta Broselow fue la más precisa. Se requieren estudios adicionales para adaptar este método para su uso en la población brasileña


Assuntos
Humanos , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Peso Corporal , Criança Hospitalizada , Adolescente Hospitalizado , Estatura , Antropometria/instrumentação , Brasil , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Precisão da Medição Dimensional
4.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(3): 514e-523e, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The three-dimensional surface imaging system is becoming more common in plastic surgeries. However, few studies have assessed three-dimensional periocular structures and surgical outcomes. This study aimed to propose a standardized three-dimensional anthropometric protocol for the periocular region, investigate its precision and accuracy, and determine the three-dimensional periocular anthropometric norms for young Caucasians. METHODS: Thirty-nine healthy young Caucasians (78 eyes) were enrolled. Three-dimensional facial images were obtained with a VECTRA M3 stereophotogrammetry device. Thirty-eight measurements in periocular regions were obtained from these images. Every subject underwent facial surface capture twice to evaluate its precision. A paper ruler was applied to assess its accuracy. RESULTS: Sixty-three percent of measurements in linear distances, curvatures, angles, and indices were found to reach a statistically significant difference between sexes (p ≤ 0.05, respectively). Across all measurements, the average mean absolute difference was 0.29 mm in linear dimensions, 0.56 mm in curvatures, 1.67 degrees in angles, and 0.02 in indices. In relative error of magnitude, 18 percent of the measurements were determined excellent, 51 percent very good, 31 percent good, and none moderate. The mean value of the paper-ruler scale was 10.01 ± 0.05 mm, the mean absolute difference value 0.02 mm, and the relative error of magnitude 0.17 percent. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to propose a detailed and standardized three-dimensional anthropometric protocol for the periocular region and confirm its high precision and accuracy. The results provided novel metric data concerning young Caucasian periocular anthropometry and determined the variability between sexes.


Assuntos
Pontos de Referência Anatômicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Antropometria/métodos , Olho/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Fotogrametria/métodos , Adulto , Antropometria/instrumentação , Estética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Olho/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional/normas , Masculino , Fotogrametria/instrumentação , Fotogrametria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
5.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(1): e195, 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1094977

RESUMO

En este estudio se compara el Índice de Peso-Circunferencia de Cintura (IPCC), con los indicadores Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC), Índice Cintura-Talla (ICT) y Porcentaje de Grasa Corporal (%GC), en tres grupos de sujetos para determinar que tan eficiente resulta en el diagnósticoo de sobrepeso y obesidad y proponerlo como complemento de los otros indicadores mencionados. Métodos: estudio exploratorio, descriptivo, prospectivo y correlacional en una muestra probabilística de 655 sujetos, dividida en tres sub muestras: 455 niños y adolescentes, 97 universitarios y 103 adultos. Variables: edad, sexo, peso, talla, circunferencia de cintura (CC), Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC), Índice Cintura Talla (ICT) e Índice de Peso-Circunferencia de Cintura (IPCC), Porcentaje de Grasa Corporal (%GC). Medidas estadísticas: descriptivas, asociación, correlación, comparación de promedios y regresión logística. Resultados: IMC revela, sobrepeso y obesidad mayor en adultos; CC e ICT mayor riesgo en adultos; %GC reporta obesidad en 6,8% niños, 17,9% universitarios y 64,8% adultos. IPCC se comporta normalmente, aumenta con la edad, 15,6% en niños y adolescentes, 14,4% universitarios y 14,6% adultos, en riesgo. Promedios del IPCC por sexo, en niños y adolescentes, no significativos; correlaciona con peso, talla e IMC (r>0,70). Regresión logística evidencia verosimilitud significativa (p<0,001), regresiones mayores a 0,90 y bondad de ajuste significativas (p<0,000). Conclusiones: Considerar el IPCC conjuntamente con otros indicadores para evaluar sobrepeso y obesidad(AU)


This study compares the Waist Weight-Circumference Index (WIWC), with the indicators Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist-Height Index (WHI) and Body Fat Percentage (BF%), in three groups of subjects to determine how efficient it is in the diagnosis of overweight and obesity and propose it as a complement to the other indicators mentioned. Methods: Methods: exploratory, descriptive, prospective and correlational study in a probabilistic sample of 655 subjects, divided into three sub-samples: 455 children and adolescents, 97 university students and 103 adults. Variables: age, sex, weight, height, waist circumference (WC), Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist Height Index (WHI) and Waist Circumference Weight Index (WIWC), Body Fat Percentage (BF%). Statistical measures: descriptive, association, correlation, comparison of averages and logistic regression. Results: BMI reveals, overweight and obesity in adults; CW and WHI increased risk in adults; BF% reports obesity in 6.8% children, 17.9% university students and 64.8% adults. WIWC behaves normally, increases with age, 15.6% in children and adolescents, 14.4% university students and 14.6% adults, at risk. WIWC averages by sex, in children and adolescents, not significant; correlates with weight, height and BMI (r> 0.70). Logistic regression shows significant likelihood (p <0.001), regressions greater than 0.90 and significant goodness of fit (p <0.000). Conclusions: Consider the WIWC together with other indicators to assess overweight and obesity. Keywords: Overweight, Obesity, Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, Waist Size Index, Weight Index Waist Circumference, Body Fat Percentage(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Sobrepeso/diagnóstico , Circunferência da Cintura , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Antropometria/instrumentação , Distribuição da Gordura Corporal/estatística & dados numéricos , Razão Cintura-Estatura
6.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(10)2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623379

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Body mass index (BMI) is still the only recommended measurable nutritional status assessment parameter in anorexia nervosa (AN). The aim of this study was to measure other anthropometrical and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) parameters in AN patients and to evaluate their nutritional status assessment value. Materials and Methods: The 46 AN female patients were examined at the beginning of hospitalization and followed-up in three measurements (in 6 ± 2 weeks' intervals). Anthropometrical assessment was based on BMI, circumferences of arm, calf, thigh, hips, waist, their ratio (waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)), and a skinfold test over biceps and triceps muscle, under the scapula, over the hip, and 2 cm from the umbilicus. The BIA parameters included phase angle (PA), membrane capacitance (Cm), and impedance at 200 kHz, and a 5 kHz ratio (Z200/5). Results: In the 1st measurement, BMI correlated with all anthropometric and BIA parameters (p < 0.05). For BIA parameters, the correlation included arm circumference and WHR (p < 0.05). In the follow-up, significant changes were observed in BMI and all BIA parameters. The correlation between BMI and all BIA parameters was present in the 2nd and 3rd measurements (p < 0.05). In the 4th measurement, BMI correlated only with Cm (p = 0.0114). Comparison of BIA parameters according to the state of starvation (BMI < 16.0 kg/m2) revealed that all studied BIA parameters were characterized by statistically significant sensitivity and specificity in the detection of this condition (p < 0.05), except PA in the 4th measurement (p = 0.2099). Conclusions: Selected BIA and anthropometrical parameters could be used for AN patients' assessment. The study confirmed dynamic changes of BIA parameters during the follow-up. They could be useful in the detection of the state of starvation.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa/classificação , Antropometria/instrumentação , Impedância Elétrica/uso terapêutico , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Adulto , Anorexia Nervosa/diagnóstico , Antropometria/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos
7.
Ann Hum Biol ; 46(6): 527-530, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575292

RESUMO

The largest investigation of digit ratio (2D:4D), the BBC Internet Study, reported on finger lengths measured by participants themselves, yet data validating this technique are scarce and the reliability has been questioned. The current study aimed to calculate reliability and repeatability statistics for self-measured 2D:4D and to examine the correlations with researcher-measures. One hundred and seventy-eight undergraduate psychology students attending a practical class self-measured their finger lengths with rulers; a researcher using digital Vernier calipers measured the second and fourth fingers of a random sub-sample (n = 97). Reliability and repeatability of self-measured 2D:4D were high, as were correlations with researcher-measurements. In each case, lower values were observed for the right-left difference in 2D:4D (D[R-L]). Self-measured L2D:4D and M2D:4D were significantly higher than the equivalent researcher measurements, suggesting that direct comparison could be problematic. Self-measurements and directly made researcher-measurements of 2D:4D are strongly correlated, though self-measured D[R-L] is unreliable.


Assuntos
Antropometria/métodos , Dedos/anatomia & histologia , Adolescente , Antropometria/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
8.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(5): 1109-1115, sept.-oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184634

RESUMO

Introduction: the South American Youth/Child Cardiovascular and Environmental (SAYCARE) feasibility study aims to develop valid and reliable indicators to investigate health-related behavior and nutritional status in children and adolescents. Anthropometric measurements are one of the evaluated indicators in the study. The accuracy of the anthropometric data is very important and relies in the quality of the measurements. Objective: to describe the intra-observer reliability of ten anthropometric measurements: weight, height, circumferences (neck, arm, waist, hip) and skinfolds (triceps, subscapular, biceps and suprailiac) of children and adolescents from six South American cities: Lima, Medellin, Montevideo, Santiago, San Pablo and Teresina. Methods: prior to the study, fieldworkers from the seven centers participated in central training to ensure the application of standardized procedures in the anthropometric measurements. Intra-observer precision, technical error of measurement (TEM) and coefficient of reliability (R) were estimated for each measurement. Results: reliability of weight and height was above 99% in almost all cities. TEM for skinfold thickness was below 1.4 mm in children and 2.13 mm in adolescents, while reliability was above 95% in most of the skinfold measurements. TEM for circumferences was below 1.8 cm in children and 0.64 cm in adolescents, while reliability was above 99% in almost all circumferences. Conclusions: reliability of the anthropometric measurements in this study was high. In comparison with similar European or American studies, the reliability of the measurements taken in our study was, in most cases, similar or even higher


Introducción: el estudio piloto South American Youth/Child cARdiovascular and Environmental (SAYCARE) tiene como objetivo desarrollar indicadores válidos y confiables para investigar el estado nutricional y las conductas vinculadas a la salud en niños y adolescentes. Uno de estos indicadores son las mediciones antropométricas. La precisión de los datos antropométricos es muy importante y se basa en la calidad con que se toman las mediciones. Objetivos: describir la confiabilidad intraobservador de diez mediciones antropométricas: peso, talla, circunferencias (cuello, brazo, cintura, cadera) y pliegues (trÍceps, subscapular, bÍceps y suprailIaco) de niños y adolescentes de seis ciudades de Sudamérica: Lima, Medellín, Montevideo, Santiago, San Pablo and Teresina. Métodos: previo al estudio, los trabajadores de campo de los seis centros participaron de un entrenamiento centralizado, para asegurar la aplicación de procedimientos estandarizados en la toma de las mediciones antropométricas. Para determinar la precisión intraobservador, se estimó el error técnico de medición (TEM) y el coeficiente de confiabilidad (R) para cada medición. Resultados: la confiabilidad de las medidas de peso y la talla estuvo por encima del 99% en casi todas las ciudades. El TEM para el grosor de los pliegues estuvo debajo de 1,4 mm en los niños y de 2,13 mm en los adolescentes, mientras que la confiabilidad fue superior al 95% en la mayoría de las mediciones de los pliegues. El TEM para las circunferencias estuvo por debajo de 1,8 cm en los niños y de 0,64 cm en los adolescentes, mientras que la confiabilidad fue superior al 99% en casi todas las circunferencias. Conclusiones: la confiabilidad de las mediciones antropométricas en este estudio fue alta. Comparada con estudios similares realizados en Europa y Estados Unidos, la confiabilidad de las medidas tomadas en nuestro estudio es, en la mayoría de los casos, similar o aún más elevada


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Antropometria/métodos , Estado Nutricional , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Antropometria/instrumentação , Peso-Estatura , Circunferência Braquial , Circunferência da Cintura , América do Sul
9.
S Afr J Surg ; 57(2): 40-46, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the most important parameters that must be obtained when resuscitating a critically ill or injured paediatric patient is their weight. The best known paediatric weight estimation system is arguably the Broselow Tape, but the tape has been shown to be very inaccurate. The aim of this study was to determine and compare the accuracy of the Broselow tape, a modified Broselow tape system, the PAWPER XL tape and the hanging leg weight technique for potential utilisation in the paediatric resuscitation setting. METHOD: A convenience sample of 200 children between the ages of 1 month and 16 years were enrolled. All the children's weights were estimated using the Broselow tape, a habitus-modified Broselow tape system, the PAWPER XL tape and the hanging leg weight technique. Overall accuracy was evaluated using the percentage of weight estimations falling within 10% of actual weight (PW10). RESULTS: The PAWPER XL tape performed the best, whilst the hanging leg weight technique performed the poorest with PW10s of 74% and 19.5%, respectively. The Broselow tape with and without habitus-modification only showed modest accuracy, with PW10s of 61.7% and 59.1% respectively. CONCLUSION: The PAWPER XL tape performed significantly better than other weight estimation systems and is most appropriate for use in South African paediatric emergencies. The habitus-modified Broselow system produced only modest improvement in overall weight estimation accuracy of the Broselow tape.


Assuntos
Antropometria/instrumentação , Peso Corporal , Ressuscitação , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Precisão da Medição Dimensional , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
10.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(7)2019 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330779

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common chronic disorder worldwide, which can adversely affect the cardiovascular system among non-communicable disease (NCD) patients. It is underdiagnosed-or rather not diagnosed-in primary care settings due to the costly diagnostic techniques involved. This study aimed to assess the number of study participants at risk of developing OSA and to assess and quantify the risk factors associated with this disorder. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in an NCD clinic of a rural health training center, Karikalampakkam, Puducherry of South India from August 2018 to October 2018. A Modified Berlin Questionnaire (MBQ) was used to screen the study participants at risk for OSA. Four-hundred-and-seventy-three people aged 18 years and above were included in the study, using systematic random sampling. Respondents' socio-demographic and morbidity characteristics, as well as clinical and anthropometric parameters including body weight, height, blood pressure, neck, hip and waist circumference were collected. Data was captured using Epicollect5 and analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Results: One-fourth (25.8%) of the respondents were at high risk of developing OSA. In terms of gender, 27.9% of the men and 23.8% of the women were at high risk for OSA. In univariate analyses, the risk of developing OSA was significantly associated with a history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia and gastro-esophageal reflux disease, weight, body mass index, neck, waist and hip circumference, waist-hip ratio, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a history of dyslipidemia (aOR, 95% CI = 2.34, 1.22-4.48), body mass index (aOR, 95% CI = 1.15, 1.06-1.22) and waist circumference (aOR, 95% CI = 1.10, 1.07-1.14) emerged as significant predictors of risk for OSA. Conclusions: A considerable proportion of NCD patients with easily detectable attributes are at risk of developing OSA, but still remain undiagnosed at a primary health care setting. The results obtained using MBQ in this study were comparable to studies performed using polysomnography. Dyslipidemia, body mass index and waist circumference were independent risk factors for predicting a risk of developing OSA. Prospective studies are needed to confirm whether a reduction in these risk factors could reduce the risk for OSA.


Assuntos
Medição de Risco/métodos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/classificação , Adulto , Idoso , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Antropometria/instrumentação , Antropometria/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Polissonografia/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia
11.
J. Health NPEPS ; 4(1): 123-131, jan.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-999651

RESUMO

Objetivo: comparar a avaliação antropométrica e fatores motivacionais de praticantes de hidroginástica e caminhada. Método: pesquisa quase experimental, sem grupo controle e de cunho quantitativo, realizada em Guarapuava, Paraná. Analisou-se o IMC, porcentagem de gordura, circunferências, relação cintura quadril, teste de força com preensão manual e teste de flexibilidade com o banco de wells. Aplicou-se também, o questionário de motivação (IMPRAF-54). Após a coleta de dados, foi realizada a análise estatística através do teste T, comparando as medidas entre os grupos. Resultados: foi observado que a motivação mais prevalente para praticar as atividades físicas foi o fator saúde. Na avaliação antropométrica, as praticantes de hidroginástica possuíam índices superiores. Nos testes de força e flexibilidade as praticantes de hidroginástica apresentaram maior força em membros superiores, enquanto que as praticantes de caminhada maios flexibilidade em membros inferiores. Conclusão: a hidroginástica possui benefícios extras em comparação à caminhada e a motivação das participantes para praticar essas atividades físicas indica sua preocupação com a condição e qualidade de vida.(AU)


Objective: to compare the anthropometric evaluation and motivational factors of water aerobics and walking practitioners. Method: almost experimental research, with no control group and quantitative, performed in Guarapuava, Paraná. The BMI, fat percentage, circumference, waist hip ratio, strength test with manual grip and flexibility test with the wells bench were analyzed. The motivation questionnaire (IMPRAF-54) was also applied. After the data collection, the statistical analysis was performed through the T test, comparing the measurements between the groups. Results: it was observed that the most prevalent motivation to practice physical activities was the health factor. In the anthropometric evaluation, the hydrogymnastics practitioners had higher indices. In the tests of strength and flexibility, water aerobics practitioners showed greater strength in the upper limbs, whereas those who practice walking have greater flexibility in the lower limbs. Conclusion: water aerobics has extra benefits compared to walking and the motivation of the participants to practice these physical activities indicates their concern with the condition and quality of life.(AU)


Objetivo: comparar la evaluación antropométrica y factores motivacionales de practicantes de hidroginástica y caminar. Método: investigación casi experimental, sin grupo control y de cuño cuantitativo, realizada en Guarapuava, Paraná. Se analizó el IMC, porcentaje de grasa, circunferencias, relación cintura cadera, prueba de fuerza con asimiento manual y prueba de flexibilidad con el banco de wells. Se aplicó también el cuestionario de motivación (IMPRAF-54). Después de la recolección de datos, se realizó el análisis estadístico a través de la prueba T, comparando las medidas entre los grupos. Después de la recolección de datos, se realizó el análisis estadístico a través de la prueba T, comparando las medidas entre los grupos. Resultados: se observó que la motivación más prevalente para practicar las actividades físicas fue el factor salud. En la evaluación antropométrica, las practicantes de hidroginástica poseían índices superiores. En las pruebas de fuerza y flexibilidad las practicantes de hidroginástica presentaron mayor fuerza en miembros superiores, mientras que las practicantes de caminata maios flexibilidad en miembros inferiores. Conclusión: la hidroginástica posee beneficios extras en comparación con la caminata y la motivación de las participantes para practicar esas actividades físicas indica la preocupación por la condición y calidad de vida.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Antropometria/instrumentação , Caminhada/psicologia , Motivação , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Epidemiologia Experimental
12.
J. Health NPEPS ; 4(1): 166-181, jan.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-999664

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar o estado nutricional e o consumo alimentar das principais fontes de macro e micronutrientes ingeridos por pré-escolares. Método: trata-se de estudo exploratório-descritivo, transversal e com abordagem quantitativa, composto por 269 crianças de ambos os sexos com idade entre 3 e 5 anos dos centros municipais de educação infantil de Montes Claros, Minas Gerais. Realizou-se inquérito alimentar e a avaliação antropométrica no ambiente escolar, mediante a autorização dos pais e/ou responsáveis. Resultados: verifica-se que a maioria das crianças se encontram eutróficas de acordo com todos os critérios avaliados. No inquérito alimentar, apenas o consumo de calorias totais e ferro encontrava-se adequado para a faixa etária. Entre os macronutrientes, o consumo de carboidratos, lipídeos e proteínas estava acima do valor recomendado. Dentre os micronutrientes, observa-se o consumo aumentado de zinco, sódio e vitamina C. No entanto, a ingestão de micronutrientes como o cálcio, magnésio, vitaminas A, D e E encontrava-se abaixo do recomendado, além das fibras. Conclusão: observa-se que o estado nutricional das crianças está adequado, porém há inadequação na ingestão alimentar. Este fator pode contribuir com o aumento no índice de sobrepeso e obesidade, e estar associado com as deficiências nutricionais.(AU)


Objective: to assess the nutritional status and food consumption of the main sources of macro and micronutrients ingested by preschool children. Method: This is an exploratory-descriptive, cross-sectional with a quantitative approach study, composed of 269 children of both sexes aged between 3 and 5 years of child municipal education centers in the city of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais. A food survey and anthropometric evaluation were carried out in the school environment, with the authorization of parents and/or guardians. Results: It appears that most of the children are eutrophic according to all the evaluated criteria. In the investigation of food, only the consumption of calories and iron was appropriate for the age range. Among the macronutrients, the consumption of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins was above the recommended value. Among the micronutrients, an increased consumption of zinc, sodium and vitamin C was observed. However, the intake of micronutrients such as calcium, magnesium, vitamins A, D and E was below the recommended levels, as well as the fibers consumption. Conclusion: It is observed that the nutritional status of children is appropriate, but there is inadequate food intake. This factor may contribute to the increase in overweight and obesity and may also be associated with nutritional deficiencies.(AU)


Objetivo: Valorar el estado nutricional y el consumo de alimentos de las principales fuentes de macro y micronutrientes son ingeridos por preescolar. Método: Este estudio es de tipo exploratorio-descriptivo, transversal de enfoque cuantitativo, compuesta por 269 niños de ambos sexos en edades comprendidas entre los 3 y los 5 años de centros municipales de educación infantil en la ciudad de Montes Claros, en el estado de Minas Gerais. Encuesta alimentaria y se realizó la evaluación antropométrica en el entorno de la escuela, previa autorización de los padres y/o tutores. Resultados: Parece que la mayoría de los niños se encuentra en el estatus nutricional de acuerdo con todos los criterios evaluados. En la investigación de alimentos, sólo el consumo de calorías y el hierro es el adecuado para el rango de edad. Entre los macronutrientes, el consumo de carbohidratos, lípidos y proteínas fue superior al valor recomendado. Entre los micronutrientes, se observó un incremento en el consumo de zinc, sodio y vitamina C. Sin embargo, la ingesta de micronutrientes como el calcio, el magnesio, vitaminas A, D y E, estaba por debajo de los niveles recomendados, así como las fibras. Conclusión: Se observa que el estado nutricional de los niños es adecuada, pero no hay una ingesta insuficiente de alimentos. Este factor puede contribuir al incremento del sobrepeso y la obesidad, y se asocia con deficiencias nutricionales.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Consumo de Alimentos , Avaliação Nutricional , Alimentos/administração & dosagem , Micronutrientes/administração & dosagem , Antropometria/instrumentação , Inquéritos sobre Dietas/instrumentação , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais/instrumentação
13.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(3): 552-562, mayo-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184551

RESUMO

Background: mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), subcutaneous fat and muscle measurements are an alternative method to diagnose overweight and evaluate growth as well as protein and energy reserves. Aim: to compare MUAC, arm muscle area (AMA) and arm fat area (AFA) measurements of Argentinean boys and girls (Sa) with reference curves for US boys and girls (R). Subjects and methods: data from 22,736 school-children aged 4-14 years from six Argentinean provinces were collected. MUAC and triceps skinfold thickness were measured and the derived AMA and AFA measures were calculated. Analyses were performed with GAMLß using the R software. Differences in mean values of Sa and R were compared in percentiles 3, 50 and 97. Results: mean values of MUAC and AMA in boys and girls were higher in R than in Sa at all ages; conversely, AFA values were lower. Conclusions: our results confirm differences in upper arm anthropometry of Argentinean school-children with respect to the US reference. The higher adipose tissue and lower skeletal muscle mass observed in Argentinean children could be partly associated with the different ethnic origin of both populations. However, differences should be interpreted in the context of an obesogenic environment, which has favored a calorie-protein imbalance


Antecedentes: la medición de la circunferencia del brazo (MUAC), así como la estimación de la grasa subcutánea y muscular constituyen un método alternativo para diagnosticar el sobrepeso y evaluar el crecimiento y las reservas proteicas y energéticas. Objetivo: comparar las mediciones de MUAC, área muscular (AMA) y área grasa (AFA) del brazo de niños y niñas argentinos (Sa) con curvas de referencia para niños y niñas de Estados Unidos (R). Sujetos y métodos: se recopilaron datos de 22,736 escolares de 4 a 14 años de edad de seis provincias argentinas. Se obtuvieron medidas de MUAC y pliegue subcutáneo tricipital y se calcularon AMA y AFA. Los análisis se realizaron con GAMLß utilizando el software R. Las diferencias en los valores medios de Sa y R se compararon para los percentiles 3, 50 y 97. Resultados: a todas las edades los valores medios de MUAC y AMA en niños y niñas fueron más altos en R que en Sa; por el contrario, los valores de AFA fueron más bajos. Conclusiones: nuestros resultados confirman la existencia de diferencias en la antropometría mesobraquial de los niños argentinos con respecto a los de la referencia. La mayor cantidad de tejido adiposo y menor de tejido muscular observada en los niños argentinos de ambos sexos puede ser parcialmente asociada con el diferente origen étnico de ambas poblaciones. Sin embargo, las diferencias podrían interpretarse en el contexto de un ambiente obesogénico, el cual habría favorecido el desbalance proteico-calórico


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Circunferência Braquial/métodos , Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Antropometria/instrumentação , Sobrepeso/diagnóstico , Gordura Subcutânea/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Estado Nutricional , Argentina , Estados Unidos , Antropometria/métodos , Sobrepeso/dietoterapia
14.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(3): 611-617, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184559

RESUMO

Introduction: the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of arm anthropometric indicators with direct indicators of nutritional status in hospitalized pediatric patients. Methods: an analytical cross-sectional study with 760 patients hospitalized in the Pediatric Division of the Nuevo Hospital Civil de Guadalajara during 2014 was used. The anthropometric indices were weight/length, weight/height, weight/age, length/age, height/age, head circumference/age and body mass index (BMI)/age. The arm indicators were mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), total arm area (TAA), arm muscle area (AMA), arm fat area (AFA) and fat percentage (FP). The ANOVA, Kruskall-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U and Pearson's correlation tests and also odds ratios were used to identify the probability of nutritional status impairment. Results: the prevalence of acute and chronic malnutrition was higher in infants (31% and 30%, respectively). With arm areas (TAA, AMA, AFA), the risk of deficit (≤ -2DE) was higher in infants and early preschoolers (p < 0.001). The correlation between the anthropometric indexes and the arm areas was direct and significant (p < 0.001). The BMI variability was explained in 68% by the AMA, AFA, and FP (p < 0.001); the variability of the height/age index was also explained in 34% by the AMA and AFA (p < 0.001). Conclusion: it is possible to diagnose both a chronic and acute deficit using the indirect indicators of the arm, while the body mass index only reflects an acute deficit. Therefore, arm areas would be more useful indicators in the assessment of nutritional status and the diagnosis of chronic-acute malnutrition in hospitalized pediatric patients


Introducción: el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la relación de los indicadores antropométricos de brazo con los indicadores directos del estado de nutrición en pacientes pediátricos hospitalizados. Métodos: se utilizó un estudio transversal analítico con 760 pacientes ingresados en la División de Pediatría del Nuevo Hospital Civil de Guadalajara durante 2014. Los índices antropométricos fueron peso/longitud, peso/altura, peso/edad, longitud/edad, altura/edad, circunferencia cefálica e IMC. Los indicadores del brazo fueron circunferencia media del brazo (CMB), área total del brazo (ATB), área muscular del brazo (AMB), área grasa del brazo (AGB) y porcentaje de grasa. Se utilizaron las pruebas de ANOVA, Kruskall-Wallis, U de Mann-Whitney, correlación de Pearson y razón de momios para identificar la probabilidad de deterioro del estado nutricional. Resultados: la prevalencia de desnutrición aguda y crónica fue mayor en lactantes (31% y 30%, respectivamente). Con las áreas del brazo (ATB, AMB, AFA), el riesgo de déficit (≤ -2 DE) fue mayor en lactantes y preescolares tempranos (p < 0,001). La correlación entre los índices antropométricos y las áreas del brazo fue directa y significativa (p < 0,001). La variabilidad del IMC fue explicada en un 68% por AMB, AGB y porcentaje de grasa (p < 0,001); la variabilidad del índice de talla/edad también fue explicada en un 34% por AMB y AGB (p < 0,001). Conclusión: es posible diagnosticar el déficit crónico y agudo utilizando los indicadores indirectos del brazo, mientras que el IMC solo refleja un déficit agudo. Las áreas de brazo serían indicadores más útiles en el diagnóstico de desnutrición crónica-aguda en pacientes pediátricos hospitalizados


Assuntos
Humanos , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Braço/fisiologia , Circunferência Braquial , Antropometria/instrumentação , Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Hospitalização , Antropometria/métodos , Estado Nutricional , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/dietoterapia , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Nutrição do Lactente , Análise de Variância , Inquéritos e Questionários , Modelos Lineares
15.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(3): 647-657, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184564

RESUMO

Introduction: this study presents the results regarding diet and an analysis of natural estrogens (phytoestrogens) intake and how they affect other important aspects, which can modulate biological health functions among university students. Objectives: assessing nutritional habits and estimating the intake of phytoestrogens in the population under study. Materials and methods: Costa Rican female (n: 211, 18.83 ± 2.06 years) and male (n: 199, 19.64 ± 3.05 years) university population of the University of Costa Rica applied anthropometric tests using DEXA, the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and the 24-hour Reminder (R-24). Results: the most serious nutritional bad habits were high ingestion of sodium, lipids and animal origin proteins in men and women and a deficit of fiber and folic acid in women. The total intake of phytoestrogens referred to: daidzein 0.23 ± 0.40 mg/day and 7.01 ± 11.94 mg/month in women and 0.17 ± 0.13 mg/day and 5.14 ± 3.96 mg/month in men; mainly consumed in the form of lignans 0.24 ± 0.12 mg/day (women) and 0.23 ± 0.14 mg/day (men). The intake of isoflavones was 0.09 ± 0.38 mg/day (women) and 0.04 ± 0.08 mg/day (men). Conclusions: the study population presented high fat percentage although the consumption of vegetables, cereals, whole grains and fruits tends slightly to be a Mediterranean diet; their food pattern was much closer to the Western diet


Introducción: este estudio presenta resultados respecto a dieta y un análisis más en profundidad de la exposición a estrógenos naturales (fitoestrógenos) en la ingesta, y como este tipo de compuestos influye y se relaciona con otros aspectos importantes que pueden modular funciones biológicas relacionadas con la salud en estudiantes universitarios. Objetivos: valorar hábitos nutricionales y estimar la ingesta de fitoestrógenos de la población en estudio. Material y métodos: población costarricense universitaria femenina (n: 211, edades 18,83 ± 2,06 años) y masculina (n: 199, edades 19,64 ± 3,05 años) de la Universidad de Costa Rica y se han aplicado pruebas antropométricas mediante el DEXA y cuestionarios de Frecuencia de Consumo de Alimentos (FFQ) y Recuerdos de 24 Horas (R-24). Resultados: los errores nutricionales más graves fueron: la elevada ingesta de sodio, lípidos y proteínas de origen animal en hombres y mujeres, y el déficit importante de fibra y ácido fólico en las mujeres. La ingesta total de fitoestrógenos referidos a la daizdeína fue de 0.23 ± 0.40 mg/día y 7,01 ± 11,94 mg/mes en mujeres y de 0,17 ± 0,13 mg/día y de 5,14 ± 3,96 mg/mes en varones; principalmente consumida en forma de lignanos 0,24 ± 0,12 mg/día (mujeres) y 0,23 ± 0,14 mg/día (hombres), mientras la ingesta de isoflavonas fue de 0,09 ± 0,38 mg/día (mujeres) y de 0,04 ± 0,08 mg/día (hombres). Conclusiones: la población de estudio presentó porcentajes de grasa elevados nutricionalmente hablando, aunque el consumo de vegetales, cereales, granos enteros y frutas tiende un poco a la dieta mediterránea, su patrón alimentario se acerca mucho más a la dieta occidental


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Valor Nutritivo , Fitoestrógenos/administração & dosagem , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta , Consumo de Alimentos , Isoflavonas/administração & dosagem , Costa Rica , Antropometria/instrumentação , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(5)2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117308

RESUMO

Background and objectives: To identify the relationship between neck circumference (NC) and cardiometabolic risk factors in children. Materials and Methods: Children and adolescents 6-18 years old (n = 548) from five counties of San Luis Potosí, México were included. Data was collected for biological markers (glucose and lipid profile) and anthropometric and clinical measurements-weight, height, NC, waist circumference (WC), and blood pressure (BP). Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using Quetelet formula (kg/m2). Descriptive analysis, correlation tests, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis were performed. Results: NC was highly correlated with BMI and WC in both genders (p <0.0001). The most frequent risk factor was high BMI (38.7%). Sensitivity and specificity analysis of NC and high BMI showed an area under the ROC curve of 0.887. Conclusions: According to our findings, NC is a simple, low-cost, and non-invasive measurement, which has a high association with high BMI and increased WC.


Assuntos
Antropometria/métodos , Doenças Metabólicas/classificação , Pescoço , Pesos e Medidas/normas , Adolescente , Antropometria/instrumentação , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Metabólicas/fisiopatologia , México , Pediatria/instrumentação , Pediatria/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/normas , Fatores de Risco , Pesos e Medidas/instrumentação
18.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(10): 3250-3259, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) represents a major source of morbidity among breast cancer survivors. Increasing data support early detection of subclinical BCRL followed by early intervention. A randomized controlled trial is being conducted comparing lymphedema progression rates using volume measurements calculated from the circumference using a tape measure (TM) or bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS). METHODS: Patients were enrolled and randomized to either TM or BIS surveillance. Patients requiring early intervention were prescribed a compression sleeve and gauntlet for 4 weeks and then re-evaluated. The primary endpoint of the trial was the rate of progression to clinical lymphedema requiring complex decongestive physiotherapy (CDP), with progression defined as a TM volume change in the at-risk arm ≥ 10% above the presurgical baseline. This prespecified interim analysis was performed when at least 500 trial participants had ≥ 12 months of follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 508 patients were included in this analysis, with 109 (21.9%) patients triggering prethreshold interventions. Compared with TM, BIS had a lower rate of trigger (15.8% vs. 28.5%, p < 0.001) and longer times to trigger (9.5 vs. 2.8 months, p = 0.002). Twelve triggering patients progressed to CDP (10 in the TM group [14.7%] and 2 in the BIS group [4.9%]), representing a 67% relative reduction and a 9.8% absolute reduction (p = 0.130). CONCLUSIONS: Interim results demonstrated that post-treatment surveillance with BIS reduced the absolute rates of progression of BCRL requiring CDP by approximately 10%, a clinically meaningful improvement. These results support the concept of post-treatment surveillance with BIS to detect subclinical BCRL and initiate early intervention.


Assuntos
Antropometria/instrumentação , Braço/patologia , Linfedema Relacionado a Câncer de Mama/diagnóstico , Linfedema Relacionado a Câncer de Mama/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Espectroscopia Dielétrica/métodos , Idoso , Linfedema Relacionado a Câncer de Mama/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
19.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 7(4): e11832, 2019 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is an endemic problem with significant health and financial consequences. Text messaging has been shown to be a simple and effective method of facilitating weight reduction. In addition, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) has emerged as a significant anthropometric measure. However, few studies have examined the effect of serial anthropometric self-measurement combined with text messaging. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to assess whether an 8-week program, consisting of weekly serial self-measurements of waist and hip circumference, combined with motivational text messages, could reduce WHR among Australian workers. METHODS: This was a community-based, participant-blinded, staggered-entry, parallel group study. Adult workers with access to mobile phones were eligible and recruited through an open access Web-based survey. Participants were randomly allocated to receive intervention or control messages for 8 weeks. Outcome data were self-assessed through a Web-based survey. RESULTS: A total of 60 participants were randomized with 30 participants each allocated to a control and an intervention group. There was no significant change in WHR (P=.43), and all secondary outcome measures did not differ between the intervention group and the control group at the end of the 8-week intervention. Both groups, however, showed a significant decrease in burnout over time (mean [SE]: pre 4.80 [0.39] vs post 3.36 [0.46]; P=.004). The intervention uptake followed a downward trend. Peak participant replies to weekly self-measurements were received in week 3 (14/23, 61%) and the least in week 8 (8/23, 35%). No harm was found to result from this study. CONCLUSIONS: This study is an innovative pilot trial using text messaging and serial anthropometric measurements in weight management. No change was detected in WHRs in Australian workers over 8 weeks; therefore, it could not be concluded whether the intervention affected the primary outcome. However, these results should be interpreted in the context of limited sample size and decreasing intervention uptake over the course of the study. This pilot trial is useful for informing and contributing to the design of future studies and the growing body of literature on serial self-measurements combined with text messaging. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12616001496404; https://www.anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=371696&isReview=true (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/73UkKFjSw).


Assuntos
Antropometria/métodos , Motivação , Envio de Mensagens de Texto/normas , Programas de Redução de Peso/normas , Adulto , Antropometria/instrumentação , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Mídias Sociais/normas , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Envio de Mensagens de Texto/instrumentação , Envio de Mensagens de Texto/estatística & dados numéricos , Circunferência da Cintura , Programas de Redução de Peso/métodos , Programas de Redução de Peso/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 84, 2019 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898093

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no gold standard in body composition measurement in pediatric patients with obesity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate if there are any differences between two bioelectrical impedance analysis techniques performed in children and adolescents with obesity. METHODS: Data were collected at the Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine in Vienna from September 2015 to May 2017. Body composition measurement was performed with TANITA scale and BIA-BIACORPUS. RESULTS: In total, 38 children and adolescents (age: 10-18 years, BMI: 25-54 kg/m2) were included. Boys had significantly increased fat free mass (TANITA p = 0.019, BIA p = 0.003), total body water (TANITA p = 0.020, BIA p = 0.005), and basal metabolic rate (TANITA p = 0.002, BIA p = 0.029). Girls had significantly increased body fat percentage with BIA (BIA p = 0.001). No significant gender differences of core abdominal area have been determined. TANITA overestimated body fat percentage (p < 0.001), fat mass (p = 0.002), and basal metabolic rate (p < 0.001) compared to BIA. TANITA underestimated fat free mass (p = 0.002) in comparison to BIA. The Bland Altman plot demonstrated a low agreement between the body composition methods. CONCLUSIONS: Low agreement between TANITA scale and BIA-BIACORPUS has been observed. Body composition measurement should always be performed by the same devices to obtain comparable results. At clinical routine due to its feasibility, safety, and efficiency, bioelectrical impedance analysis is appropriate for obese pediatric patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials NCT02545764 . Registered 10 September 2015.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Impedância Elétrica , Obesidade Pediátrica/fisiopatologia , Adiposidade , Adolescente , Antropometria/instrumentação , Antropometria/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais
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