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1.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 94(11): 2263-2269, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of robotic mitral valve repair (MVr) by primary indication per American Heart Association guidelines for surgery: class I vs class IIa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 1, 2008, through September 30, 2016, 603 patients underwent robotic MVr for severe primary mitral regurgitation. Medical records of 576 consenting patients were retrospectively reviewed to determine the primary indication for surgery. Patients were stratified into class I or class IIa, and preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables were compared. RESULTS: Of 516 patients, 428 (83%) had class I indication and 88 (17%) had class IIa indication for surgery. Preoperatively, no significant differences were observed between both cohorts. Importantly, a significantly higher number of patients with class I indication underwent MVr for bileaflet prolapse (172 of 428 [40%] vs 21 of 88 [25%]; P=.03). Early MVr outcomes indicated recurrent mitral regurgitation (moderate or greater) in only 12 of 576 (2%), and no significant differences were observed between classes (P=.23). Apart from parameters for ventricular size, all other intraoperative and postoperative variables were comparable between both cohorts. CONCLUSION: Comparable outcomes were indicated across all classes of indications for MVr surgery. These results continue to support the use of this surgical technique, even in less sick patients. Early referral along with more extensive robotic MVr experience will likely result in further improvements in long-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 149-151, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384379

RESUMO

Patients with advanced valvular disease may be at high or prohibitive risk for surgical management. We describe a patient with previous mitral and tricuspid valve repair and recurrent admissions for New York Heart Association Class IV heart failure symptoms due to severe mitral stenosis and severe tricuspid regurgitation. Due to her comorbidities and two previous sternotomies, the patient was at high risk for surgery. We performed a simultaneous transfemoral mitral and tricuspid valve-in-ring implantation. This is the first report of its kind using a Sapien 3 valve (Edwards Lifesciences).


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Recidiva , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
4.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 157(5): 1841-1848.e1, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of severe mitral regurgitation (MR) at the time of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is controversial. We adopted an approach of systematic repair of severe MR at the time of LVAD implantation and report our experience. METHODS: We performed mitral valve repair (MVr) on 78 consecutive patients with severe MR undergoing LVAD implantation at our institution between 2013 and 2017. We compared data on these patients to 28 historical controls with severe MR from the immediate preceding period between 2011 and 2013 where the MR was not treated, using Cox modeling and propensity score methods. Median follow-up time was 17.7 months. RESULTS: Patients who underwent MVr were younger than those who did not (non-MVr group) (55 vs 63 years; P = .006), but otherwise had similar preoperative characteristics. The incidence of 30-day mortality (2.6% vs 3.6%; P = .78) and other early major adverse events was similar in both groups. At 3 months, no patient in the MVr group had more than mild MR compared with 7 patients (29%) in the non-MVr group (P < .001). Cardiac catheterization done 3 to 6 months after surgery showed tendency toward greater reduction from preoperative pulmonary artery systolic pressure in the MVr group compared with the non-MVr group (-20 vs -13 mm Hg; P = .10). The cumulative incidence of readmission due to congestive heart failure at 2 years was lower in the MVr group than in non-MVr group (7.1% vs 19.7%; adjusted hazard ratio, 0.18; 95% confidence interval, 0.04-0.76; P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: Concurrent MVr at the time of LVAD implantation can be done safely without increase in perioperative adverse events. MVr may be associated with better reduction in severity of MR and may have potential benefit in terms of reduction in readmissions for heart failure.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Coração Auxiliar , Hemodinâmica , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 60(5): 617-623, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitral valve (MV) repair has been recommended for MV diseases. Good repair requires a full understanding of the three-dimensional (3D) structure of the MV, however, currently little is known about the 3D structure of the rheumatic MV. METHODS: A total of 82 cases underwent 3DTEE. Of these, 41 patients with rheumatic valvular disease (RVD) were studied intraoperatively (17 had severe mitral stenosis, 8 had severe mitral regurgitation, 16 had severe mitral stenosis coupled with regurgitation). There were 19 patients with degenerative MV disease (mitral valve prolapse [MVP] with severe regurgitation) and 22 cases with normal MV served as control subjects (CS). RESULTS: Compared with CS, the anteroposterior diameter, anterolateral posteromedial, annulus circumference, and annulus area of both pathological groups, i.e., the RVD and MVP groups, were understandably greater. Though the sphericity index was greater in the RVD group vis-à-vis CS, the MVP group had nearly the same sphericity index as CS. The mitral annulus of patients with RVD tended to be round. Annular unsaddling, defined as annular height to commissural width ratio (an indicator of saddle degree) less than 15%, was significantly more prevalent in the group with degenerative MV disease. Automatic dynamic analysis revealed that the parameters of annular maximum displacement and annulus area fraction (two-dimensional) were considerably decreased in the RVD group. CONCLUSIONS: Annular unsaddling was significantly more prevalent in the degenerative MV disease group. The mitral annulus of patients with RVD tended to be round and stiff.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/patologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Seleção de Pacientes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 31(4): 796-802, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077808

RESUMO

Surgical management for patients with long-standing persistent (LSP) AF and giant left atria (GLA) associated with mitral valve diseases remains a challenge. We aimed to assess the efficacy of the cut-and-sew maze procedure (CSM) in this subgroup of patients, in terms of maintenance of sinus rhythm (SR), atrial function, and to identify the operative risks of this procedure. A total of 229 patients with LSP-AF underwent CSM at our institution from December 2013 to October 2017. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on LA diameter: NGLA group (<65 mm, n = 171), GLA group (≥65 mm, n = 58). Patients with GLA were propensity score matched to patients without GLA resulting in 45 pairs of patients. Early death occurred in 1 (2.2%) in GLA group and no deaths in NGLA group (P = 0.315). Early complications did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. The GLA group showed similar rates of SR on and off antiarrhythmic drugs compared with NGLA group at 2 years (86.36% vs 93.9%, P = 0.338; 81.82% vs 90.91%, P = 0.322). At 2 years, LA contraction was comparable between patients with and without GLA (81.81% vs 90.9%, P = 0.322). Right atrial contraction recovery rate was 96% in NGLA group, and 86.36% in GLA group (P = 0.138). Concomitant CSM is effective and feasible for restoration of SR and atrial contraction, for patients with LSP-AF and GLA associated with mitral valve diseases with acceptable operative risks.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Criocirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Suturas , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Remodelamento Atrial , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Criocirurgia/mortalidade , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Interv Cardiol Clin ; 8(3): 261-267, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31078181

RESUMO

Mitral valve ring annuloplasty is a surgical gold standard and is used routinely during surgical mitral valve repair of primary or secondary mitral regurgitation. The Millipede IRIS annuloplasty ring is the first transcatheter, transfemoral, transseptal, semirigid, complete annuloplasty ring to be delivered to the mitral valve annulus. Initial results in humans demonstrate that the Millipede IRIS ring is safe, and can effectively reduce the mitral annular diameter leading to a clinically significant reduction or elimination of mitral regurgitation.


Assuntos
Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cateterismo/métodos , Cateterismo/tendências , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/anatomia & histologia , Valva Mitral/patologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
9.
Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 25(4): 222-224, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30890667

RESUMO

Although sizing for mitral annuloplasty (MAP) is a critical part of mitral valve repair, no consistent method is used, and precise size adjustment is done somewhat by intuition. We developed a new original ring size tester and have been applying it to our mitral valve repair procedure. The concept is that the tester shapes the annulus into exactly the same size and form as the target annuloplasty while confirming a good leaflet coaptation with a saline test to simulate annuloplasty. This original tester provides the best ring size for MAP that is neither too large nor too small. In this paper, we introduce our original ring size tester and describe how it is used for MAP.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(2): 95-103, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30600216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) is controversial. AIM: To analyse outcome after undersizing annuloplasty (UA) and mitral valve replacement (MVR). METHODS: Consecutive patients operated on for severe SMR, with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)<40% and refractory CHF, were included. Endpoints were in-hospital mortality, mid-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality, evolution of LV variables and recurrence of mitral regurgitation (MR). RESULTS: 59 patients were included (mean age 65±10 years, preoperative LVEF 36±6%; effective regurgitant orifice [ERO] 41±17 mm2), 41 with ischaemic disease: 12 underwent UA and 47 underwent MVR; only eight had concomitant coronary revascularization. In-hospital mortality was 3.3% (8.3% in UA group; 2.1% in MVR group). Eight-year CV mortality was 39±13% (40±18% in UA group; 27±10% in MVR group). Older age (hazard ratio 1.14, 95% confidence interval 1.07 to 1.22; P<0.001) and LV end-systolic diameter (hazard ratio 1.18, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 1.27; P<0.001) independently predicted CV mortality. LVEF did not change between the preoperative and follow-up transthoracic echocardiograms in the MVR group (36±6% vs. 35±10%; P=0.6) or the UA group (36±5% vs. 31±12%; P=0.09). Conversely, LV end-diastolic diameter decreased significantly in the MVR group (64±8m to 59±9mm; P=0.002), but not in the UA group (61±7m to 64±10mm; P=0.2). Recurrence of significant MR occurred in 81% of patients in the UA group (mean postoperative ERO 19±6 mm2) versus none in the MVR group. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment of SMR can be performed with acceptable operative risk and mid-term survival in severe heart failure, even if there is no indication for revascularization. MVR is associated with significant reverse remodelling, and UA with prohibitive risk of MR recurrence.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
12.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 60(3): 406-412, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The feasibility and safety of robotic mitral valve repair has been proven in several studies but the mid-term to long-term outcomes are unclear. We aim to summarize our surgical experience with robotic mitral valve repair and demonstrate the follow-up results out to 7 years. METHODS: From 2007 to 2014, 110 consecutive patients underwent robotic mitral valve repair with da Vinci Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical, USA) in our center. The operative data were collected, and patients were echocardiographically followed regularly up to 7 years. RESULTS: The patients' average age was 45±13 (14 to 70) years with male to female ratio of 2.3:1. Mitral regurgitation (95.5%) or stenosis (4.5%) was diagnosed. The triangular or quadrangular resection was the most performed type of repair (63.3%). Nitinol U-clips (58.1%), running suture (31.1%), and Cor-Knot™ suture device (LSI Solutions, Victor, NY) (10.8%) were used to secure the annuloplasty ring. All cases were performed by the same surgeon. One case of conversion to sternotomy was noted. The mean CPB time was 121±34.3 (range, 70 to 152) minutes, and the mean cross-clamp time was 82.6±25.3 (range, 47 to 122) minutes. After surgery, one death (0.91%) and two cases of transient neurocognitive defect (1.82%) occurred. Three cases of early failure of repair that required reoperation (2.73%) were noticed. All patients were successfully followed for a median of 4.1 (range, 1 month to 7 years) years and 94.5% had freedom of re-operation. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic mitral valve repair is a safe and effective procedure with excellent mid-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 67(7): 516-523, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30114713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to quantify acute mitral valve (MV) geometry dynamic changes throughout the cardiac cycle using three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE) in patients undergoing surgical MV repair (MVR) with ring annuloplasty and optional neochord implantation. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (63 ± 10 years) with severe primary mitral regurgitation underwent surgical MVR using ring annuloplasty with or without neochord implantation. We recorded 3D TEE data throughout the cardiac cycle before and after MVR. Dynamic changes (4D) in the MV annulus geometry and anatomical MV orifice area (AMVOA) were measured using a novel semiautomated software (Auto Valve, Siemens Healthcare). RESULTS: MVR significantly reduces the anteroposterior diameter by up to 38% at end-systole (36.8-22.7 mm; p < 0.001) and the lateromedial diameter by up to 31% (42.7-30.3 mm; p < 0.001). Moreover, the annular circumference was reduced by up to 31% at end-systole (129.6-87.6 mm, p < 0.001), and the annular area was significantly decreased by up to 52% (12.8-5.7 cm2; p < 0.001). Finally, the AMVOA experienced the largest change, decreasing from 1.1 to 0.2 cm2 during systole (at midsystole; p < 0.001) and from 4.1 to 3.2 cm2 (p < 0.001) during diastole. CONCLUSIONS: MVR reduces the annular dimension and the AMVOA, contributing to mitral competency, but the use of annuloplasty rings reduces annular contractility after the procedure. Surgeons can use 4D imaging technology to assess MV function dynamically, detecting the acute morphological changes of the mitral annulus and leaflets before and after the procedure.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Hemodinâmica , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 67(7): 531-537, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30296814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal surgical treatment of functional ischemic mitral regurgitation (FIMR) is still controversy. Due to the underlying pathophysiology, stand-alone ring annuloplasty is assumed with a high recurrence rate of mitral regurgitation, thus additional subvalvular repair techniques might improve the results. This in vitro study introduces a new device for subvalvular mitral valve repair. METHODS: We developed a new device for subvalvular mitral valve repair, consisting of two frames for papillary muscle (PM) attachment, which are connected with two holding bars serving for fixation of the device on an annuloplasty ring. In the first experimental run, porcine mitral valves including the chordae tendineae and PMs were fixated on a holding device, consisting of a holding ring simulating mitral annulus dilation and height-adjustable frames for PM attachment simulating leaflet tethering. In vitro regurgitant volume was determined in a pulse duplicator. Afterward, the frames for PM attachment were replaced by our newly developed device and the measurements were repeated. RESULTS: In the model simulating FIMR, the regurgitant volume was 44.3 ± 12.38 mL/stroke. After subvalvular reconstruction with our new device, the regurgitant volume was significantly reduced to 33.1 ± 11.68 mL/stroke (p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: In this specific in vitro model, our new device for subvalvular mitral valve reconstruction led to a significant reduction of the regurgitant volume, thus representing a promising technique to potentially improve the results of mitral reconstruction in ischemic functional mitral valve regurgitation. Additional studies are required to further investigate and improve our device.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Isquemia Miocárdica/complicações , Animais , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sus scrofa
16.
J Artif Organs ; 22(2): 126-133, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30456661

RESUMO

Ideally, an annuloplasty ring's shape should be changed intraoperatively if mitral valve repair is unsuccessful because of a short coaptation length or systolic anterior motion. Several post-implantation adjustable rings have been developed, but they are not freely deformable and are unsuitable for asymmetric repair of the valvular annulus. We developed a novel thermally deformable mitral annuloplasty ring to address these problems and assessed the ring's mechanical properties and its effect on the mitral valve anatomy. This ring was made of polycaprolactone. Tensile and bending tests were performed to evaluate the ring's mechanical properties. The ratio of the transverse and septal-lateral length was determined as 4:3. Using 10 pig hearts, we measured the post-deformation coaptation length and minimum distance from the coaptation to the ventricular septum, which is a factor of abnormal systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve. In the mechanical tests, the ring's yield point was greater than the deformation force of the annulus in humans. In pigs with deformation from "4:3" to "4:2", the coaptation length was significantly increased in each mitral valve part. In pigs with deformation from "4:3" to "4:4", the minimum distance from the coaptation to the ventricular septum was significantly increased. Asymmetrical ring deformation increased the coaptation length only at the deformed area. In conclusion, this new thermally deformable mitral annuloplasty ring could be "order-made" to effectively change the coaptation length in all parts of the mitral valve and the distance from the coaptation to septum post-deformation via intraoperative heating.


Assuntos
Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Valva Mitral , Animais , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Temperatura Alta , Teste de Materiais , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese , Suínos , Sístole
17.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(1): E71-E74, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29774982

RESUMO

Transcatheter mitral valve implantation (TMVI) has been performed in high-risk and inoperable patients for degenerated mitral bioprostheses (TMVIinV) and failed annuloplasty rings (TMVIinR). TMVIinR is more challenging compared to TMVIinV because of the differences in dimensions, shapes, and contours between rings and valves. In this report, we present two clinical cases of TMVIinR that were treated by trans-septal implantation of a balloon-expandable prosthesis. In TMVI cases with an incomplete ring, the ring will be stretched out toward its anterior and commissural side, and the open side of the ring will increase in width. The ring may not transform in line with the shape of the transcatheter heart valve (THV) and an interspace can develop between the THV and the ring at the commissural side, resulting in significant paravalvular regurgitation. Our experience suggests that the circumferential completeness of the rings may be an important factor to consider when planning a TMVIinR.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Falha de Prótese , Idoso , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 55(2): 217-223, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29931248

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Profile 3D annuloplasty ring is a complete, rigid, saddle-shaped ring indicated for reconstruction and/or remodelling of the pathological mitral valve (MV) in patients with mitral insufficiency. METHODS: This prospective, non-randomized, observational, postmarket release study characterized the patient population for which the study ring was chosen for MV repair, assessed the relief from MV dysfunction and determined the level of mitral regurgitation (MR) at follow-up (6-12 months postimplant). RESULTS: Between February 2013 and July 2015, 151 patients were enrolled at 7 centres; data were excluded for 3 patients. The mean age of the remaining 148 patients was 63.8 ± 12.3 years, and 85 patients (57.4%) were men. Ischaemic cardiomyopathy was present in 15 patients (10.1%) and dilated cardiomyopathy in 12 patients (8.1%). MR was severe in 86 of 145 patients with available data (59.3%). Implantation was successful in 141 of 147 attempted procedures. Two deaths (n = 148, 1.4%) occurred within 30 days, and 1 death (0.7%) occurred >30 days after implant. Analysis of patients with data from both visits (n = 111) demonstrated that MR was none or mild in 94.5% of patients, moderate in 3.6% and moderate to severe in 1.8% at follow-up. Nearly all (104 of 109, 95.4%) patients were in New York Heart Association Class I/II. Among patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy or dilated cardiomyopathy preoperatively, 16 of 19 patients with available data (84.2%) had no or mild MR at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: MV repair using the Profile 3D annuloplasty ring is a safe and effective treatment for MR. Further investigation is warranted to determine whether patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy or dilated cardiomyopathy derive unique benefit from this saddle-shaped ring. Clinical trial registration number: www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01112566.


Assuntos
Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 67(4): 257-265, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29739020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter heart valve (THV) as valve-in-ring is increasingly used in the mitral position. Semi-rigid rings may serve as a more appropriate scaffold for proper anchoring of a THV as they may change from their oval to a round shape thereby fitting to the implanted THV. METHODS: One rigid and five semi-rigid rings of four manufacturers, Edwards Physio I and II, Sorin 3D Memo, Medtronic Simulus, and St. Jude Medical (SJM) Saddle and SJM Sequin, with sizes 28 to 36 mm and Edwards Sapien III THV 23, 26, and 29 mm were used. Preevaluation comprised insertion/inflation of the THV into the ring and visual inspection for the paravalvular gap ≥ 4 mm2. Only valves not showing paravalvular gap were then submitted to hemodynamic evaluation with a pulse duplicator. Cusp movement was assessed with a high-speed-camera. Mean transvalvular gradients (TVGs) were measured. RESULTS: SJM Saddle ring of all sizes and SJM Sequin ring 34 showed marked gaps combined with all THV sizes, thus not undergoing hemodynamic testing. It was further shown that ring sizes ≥ 36 mm did not allow for a proper fit of even the largest THV into the ring of all the manufacturers and were consequently not hemodynamically evaluated. The 23 mm THV was too small for any ring size. The lowest gradients were achieved with the 26 mm THV in 30 and 32 mm and the 29 mm THV in 32 and 34 mm rings. CONCLUSION: Not all currently available annuloplasty rings are ideal scaffolds for THV placement. It appears that a more proper fit can be achieved with semi-rigid rings than with rigid ones. Note that 23 mm THV appeared to be too small for an adequate anchoring in even the smallest available ring. Thus, 26 mm as well as 29 mm THV fit properly in ring sizes between 28 and 34 mm. Surgeons may consider to choose from those ring brands and sizes which allow for good placement of a THV in view of possible valve degeneration in the later course.


Assuntos
Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Desenho de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Teste de Materiais , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Falha de Prótese , Estresse Mecânico , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos
20.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 67(7): 561-563, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30071563

RESUMO

Reconstruction of cardiac valves is associated with reduced mortality, including in multiple valve surgery. However, multiple valve repair is still considered a challenge, even with established techniques. Recently, internal aortic ring annuloplasty has been introduced and could simplify multiple valve reconstruction. This study reports early results with double ring aortic and mitral valve repair. Three patients with bivalvular degenerative regurgitation were managed with combined aortic and mitral valve repair using double rings. Mean (±SD) age was 41 ± 21 years, preoperative left ventricular end-diastolic volume was 119 ± 53 mL/m2, and ejection fraction was 0.50 ± 0.07. Mean aortic ring diameter was 21 mm, and mitral rings averaged 32 mm. No operative mortalities or major complications were observed. No valve-related events occurred. Postoperative echo showed complete resolution of mitral and aortic regurgitation. Postoperative left ventricular end-diastolic volume decreased to 98 ± 10 mL/m2; no left ventricular outflow tract obstruction or significant transvalvular gradients were observed. Postoperative cardiac CTs showed an optimal three-dimensional configuration of aortic and mitral annuloplasty devices. This initial series demonstrated the feasibility and safety of combined aortic and mitral repair with double rings. Clinical and hemodynamic results were promising. Increasing application and more clinical experience with combined aortic and mitral double ring repair seems indicated.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Adulto , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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