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1.
Kardiologiia ; 60(8): 54-64, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155959

RESUMO

Aim      Comprehensive evaluation of blood flow in the thoracic aorta using a software for 4D processing of magnetic resonance (MR) images of the heart and blood vessels (4D Flow) in patients with aortic coarctation in the late postoperative period.Materials and methods The MR study of the heart was performed for 10 patients (7 boys and 3 girls) aged 8 to 13 years (median, 9.5 [8.3; 10.8] years) who underwent resection with end-to-end anastomosis for aortic coarctation at age of 2 weeks to 10 months. MR tomography was performed on a 1.5 T MR scanner using a multichannel surface coil for scanning, electrocardiographic synchronization, and a specialized package of pulse sequences for scanning of the heart. Blood flow was evaluated with a 4D data handling software for processing of MR images of heart and blood vessels (4D Flow). The following blood flow parameters were analyzed: blood flow volume per second, peak blood flow velocity, peak and minimum blood flow area at the levels of ascending aorta, arch, isthmus, and descending aorta, and pressure gradient at the level of maximum narrowing of the aorta. 3D-MR images were used for evaluation of aortic geometry. Blood flow formation, distribution, and trajectories were analyzed by maps of vectors, particle trace, and stream lines. Statistical analysis was performed with a Statistica (v. 6.0 StatSoft Inc.) package.Results Accelerated flow in the region of residual aortic stenosis in systole was observed in all patients; 4 patients had an additional vortex flow below the aortic stenosis and a spiral flow in the descending aorta. The pressure gradient on the aortic isthmus was directly correlated with the left ventricular myocardial mass index (r=0.65; р=0.04) and indexes of blood flow in the ascending and descending aorta (р=0.03; р=0.026). No significant correlation was found for blood flow indexes and geometry of the aortic arch (H / L). Delayed contrast enhancement MR imaging did not detect any fibrotic changes in the myocardium in only one patient. The fibrosis severity inversely correlated with the right ventricular ejection fraction (r=0.65; р=0.04) and directly correlated with the pressure gradient at the aortic isthmus (r=0.63; p=0.05).Conclusion      The 4D MR image processing software for the heart and blood vessels allows studying the blood flow in detail under natural conditions, provides potential advantages in comprehensive evaluation of patients with aortic coarctation during a dynamic follow-up. For a definitive conclusion about the relationship between the altered blood flow in the thoracic aorta and markers of residual, post-correction pathology, larger studies are required as well as long-term follow-up of patients with documented pathological patterns of blood flow (changes in blood flow velocity and volume throughout the entire thoracic aorta in combination with disorders in the normal flow geometry during the cardiac cycle).


Assuntos
Coartação Aórtica , Adolescente , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Coartação Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Coartação Aórtica/cirurgia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Direita
2.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(10): 738-743, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130758

RESUMO

Extensive atheromatous disease of the thoracic aorta is a significant risk factor of lethal complications and remains an unsolved issue in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. The disease condition has been documented to be associated not only with high operative risk but also with relatively poor prognosis especially in patients with aortic replacement, due to the susceptibility to potential embolic events such as neurological deficits. To achieve favorable outcomes after surgical intervention, precise preoperative evaluation and meticulous surgical planning are important. 3-dimensional computed tomography (CT) can reveal detailed aortic lesions, graftable anastomotic sites, suitable cannulation sites, risk score related to thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Despite the tendency that atheromatous lesions are extensive and multiple, a selected treatment would better be targeted only for clinically significant pathologic site to minimize the risks associated with surgical intervention. In addition, realistic anticipation and subsequent preparation for potential second operation should also be planned. As for a representative aortic surgery, total aortic arch replacement has been the most frequently performed procedure in Japan. When extensive atheromatous lesions are encountered around the arch and supra-aortic branches, rapid switching over to isolation of neck vessels and selective cerebral perfusion is recommended rather than solely relying on the right axillar artery perfusion. Retrograde cerebral perfusion may also be employed in a case with hostile cervical arterial lesions. Besides surgical strategy, peri-operative managements including preservation of renal and gastrointestinal functions are of paramount importance, and definitely influence the post-operative quality of life in patients with extensive atheromatous disease.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Doenças da Aorta , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Humanos , Japão , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Gestão de Riscos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Med Vasc ; 45(5): 254-259, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862982

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Conventional open repair of a traumatic aortic isthmic rupture is associated with a significantly high mortality and morbidity rates. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is currently often performed because it is a less invasive treatment than surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate short and mid-term results of TEVAR in traumatic aortic isthmic rupture. METHODS: This is a retrospective study conducted between 2010 and 2018 including patients who underwent TEVAR for traumatic aortic isthmic rupture. RESULTS: Thirty-six consecutive patients were included. All patients had sustained a violent blunt chest trauma after a sudden deceleration with associated injuries. The injury severity score (ISS) was 40 (14-66). All patients were hemodynamically stable at admission. We deployed thoracic aorta stent grafts with a mean diameter of 26mm (18-36). The procedural success rate was 100%. We reported one intra-operative complication which was a distal migration of the graft, managed by an implantation of an aortic extension graft. On the first postoperative day, one patient presented an acute lower limb ischemia, probably due to the surgical femoral access, treated with an embolectomy with a Fogarty catheter with satisfactory results. The mean follow-up was 40.41 months (6.5-96). The mortality and paraplegia rates were 0% at one month and during the follow-up period. We reported a case of kinking of the graft that occurred at 6 months. No cases of endoleak neither re-intervention were reported. CONCLUSION: TEVAR is a safe and a reliable method for the treatment of sub-acute traumatic thoracic aortic injuries.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/lesões , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(9): 643-649, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879266

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We examined the spring back force (SBF) in the frozen elephant trunk technique between patients receiving a Matsui-Kitamura stent (M group) or a J Graft Open Stent Graft (J group). METHODS: There were 11 cases in the M group and 10 cases in the J group. For all cases, we performed computed tomography( CT) scan and measured distal arch angle( DAA) and stent graft angle (SGA). RESULTS: There was no difference between groups with regards to patient characteristics. The insertion graft length[155±19 mm (M group) versus 138±17 mm (J group)]was significantly longer in the M group( p<0.05). In the J group, the SGA at 1 and 2 years postoperatively( 105°±18.5° and 114°±19.1°, respectively) were significantly increased compared to that at 1 month postoperatively (99.9°± 18.7°). In addition, the SGA in the J group was significantly larger than that in the M group during the postoperative period. CONCLUSIONS: The SBF in the J group was thought to be significantly larger than that in the M group. SBF was thought to be associated with the stent frame characteristic.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Antivirais , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Hepatite C Crônica , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Humanos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(8): 606-609, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879290

RESUMO

Recently, thoracic endovascular aortic repair( TEVAR) has emerged as an alternative to open repair. We reported a case of a 92-year-old woman who underwent successful TEVAR for impending rupture of aortic arch aneurysm. The patient presented with back pain. Computed tomography revealed an impending rupture site at the aortic arch and left hemothorax. First, an axilo-axilo-carotid artery bypass was performed, and then 2 thoracic stent grafts were deployed successfully. Her postoperative course was uneventful, and at day 20, she was discharged. Debranching TEVAR is an effective procedure for aortic arch aneurysms in elderly patients.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22157, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925775

RESUMO

Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) are effective and minimally invasive treatment options for high-risk surgical candidates. Nevertheless, knowledge about the management of aortic stent graft therapy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is scarce. This study aimed to examine outcomes after EVAR and TEVAR in patients with CKD.Utilizing data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we retrospectively assessed patients who underwent EVAR and TEVAR therapy between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2013. Patients were divided into CKD and non-CKD groups. Outcomes were in-hospital mortality, all-cause mortality, readmission, heart failure, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events.There were 1019 patients in either group after matching. The CKD group had a higher in-hospital mortality rate than the non-CKD group (15.2% vs 8.3%, respectively; odds ratio, 1.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46-2.54). Patients with CKD had higher risks of all-cause mortality including in-hospital death (46.1% vs 33.1%; hazard ratio [HR], 1.61; 95% CI, 1.35-1.92), readmission rate (62.6% vs 55.0%; subdistribution HR [SHR], 1.61; 95% CI, 1.32-1.69), redo stent (7.8% vs 6.2%; SHR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.09-2.07), and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (13.3% vs 8.8%; SHR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.15-1.95). The subgroup analysis did not demonstrate a variation in mortality between the TEVAR and EVAR cohorts (P for interaction = .725). The dialysis group had higher risks of all-cause mortality and readmission than the CKD without dialysis and non-CKD groups.Among EVAR/TEVAR recipients, CKD was independently associated with higher in-hospital mortality, postoperative complication, and all-cause mortality rates. Patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis had worse outcomes than those in the CKD non-dialysis and non-CKD groups.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico/epidemiologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Aneurisma , Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente , Fatores Sexuais , Medicina Estatal , Taiwan
7.
Georgian Med News ; (304-305): 85-90, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965255

RESUMO

Aortic arch hypoplasia is a congenital anomaly of the development of the aortic arch, characterized by hemodynamically significant narrowing of one or more segments of the aortic arch. The combination of simple transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and obstruction at the level of the aortic arch is not very common. However, when transposition is combined with the VSD, Taussig-Bing anomaly, this combination is more common. The degree of obstruction at the level of the aortic arch may vary from discrete coarctation of the aorta, tubular hypoplasia of the aortic arch, to interruption. Despite the improvement in the results of surgical treatment of this pathology in recent years, the question of the stage of treatment remains debatable.; The objective of the study was to analyze immediate and long-term results of the correction of transposition of the great arteries and aortic arch hypoplasia.; From 2010 to 2019 at the "Amosov National Amosov Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine" and "Scientific Center For Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine" 76 infants underwent repair of TGA and aortic arch hypoplasia. The study included only patients with two-ventrical physiology and subsequent two-ventrical repair. There were 49 (64%) male patients and 27 (36%) female patients. The mean age of patients was 1.1 ± 0.5 months, mean body weight was 3.7 ± 1.4 kg. The average body surface area was 0.23 ± 0.05 m². Patients were divided into two groups: group I involved 52 (68%) individuals - patients who underwent one-stage repair of TGA and aortic arch hypoplasia, group II included 24 (32%) patients with two-stage repair, consisting of aortic arch reconstruction and pulmonary banding at the first stage and correction of TGA at the second stage. Antegrade selective cerebral perfusion was performed in 24 (46%) patients during reconstruction of the aortic arch.; The in-hospital mortality rate was 5.3% (n= 4). In group I, in-hospital mortality was 3.8% (n=2), and was significantly lower compared to the group II - 8.3% (n=2), p<0.05. Eight patients (14.5%) had delayed sternal closure in the early postoperative period. The average long-term follow-up was 3.7±2.8 years (from one months to 9.1 years). One late death occurred in group II. Aortic arch restenosis developed in 11 (14.4%) patients: 7 (13.4%) patients in group I and 4 (16.6%) patients in group II. Right ventricle outflow tract and pulmonary artery obstruction occurred in 9 (11.8%) patients: in 2 (3.8%) patients from group I and in 7 (29.1%) patients from group II. In the long term follow-up there were no neurological complications and compression of the trachea.; Surgical treatment of TGA with aortic arch hypoplasia is effective in infants with good immediate and long-term results. The study indicates that one-stage repair has better immediate and long-term results, compared to two-stage treatment and may be the method of choice in the treatment of this complex pathology.


Assuntos
Coartação Aórtica/cirurgia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Ucrânia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21725, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846791

RESUMO

Reports on lymphatic intervention for chylothorax complicating thoracic aortic surgery are limited. We aimed to evaluate technical and clinical outcomes of lymphangiography and thoracic duct embolization (TDE) for chylothorax complicating thoracic aortic surgery.Nine patients (mean age, 38.9 years) who underwent chylothorax interventions after thoracic aortic surgery (aorta replacement [n = 7] with [n = 2] or without [n = 5] lung resection, and vascular ring repair [n = 2]) were reviewed retrospectively. Magnetic resonance (MR) lymphangiograms were obtained in 5 patients. The median interval between surgery and conventional lymphangiography was 9 days (range, 4-28 days). TDE clinical success was defined as lymphatic leakage resolution with chest tube removal within 2 weeks.MR lymphangiograms revealed contrast leakage from the thoracic duct (n = 4) or no definite leakage (n = 1), which correlated well with conventional lymphangiogram findings. The technical success rate of conventional lymphangiography was 88.9% (8/9); 8 patients showed contrast leakage, while the patient without definite leakage on MR lymphangiography had small inguinal lymph nodes, and thoracic duct visualization by conventional lymphangiography failed. The technical success rates of antegrade and retrograde TDE via pleural access were 75% (6/8) and 100% (3/3), respectively. Clinical outcomes after embolization, as judged by the tube-removal day, were similar between low- (<500 mL/day) and high-output (≥500 mL/day) chylothorax patients. The drainage amount decreased significantly after lymphangiography/TDE, from 710.0 mL/day to 109.7 mL/day (p < .05). The clinical success rate of TDE was 87.8% (7/8).Conventional lymphangiography and TDE yielded high technical success rates and demonstrated encouraging clinical outcomes for chylothorax complicating thoracic aortic surgery.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Quilotórax/terapia , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Linfografia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Quilotórax/diagnóstico por imagem , Quilotórax/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 59, 2020 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anatomically pre-shaped sinus prostheses (SP) were developed to mimic the aortic sinus with the goal to preserve near physiological hemodynamic conditions after valve-sparing aortic root replacement. Although SP have shown more physiological flow patterns, a comparison to straight tube prosthesis and the analysis of derived quantitative parameters is lacking. Hence, this study sought to analyze differences in aortic wall shear stress (WSS) between anatomically pre-shaped SP, conventional straight tube prostheses (TP), and age-matched healthy subjects) using time-resolved 3-dimensional flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance (4D Flow CMR). Moreover, the WSS gradient was introduced and analyzed regarding its sensitivity to detect changes in hemodynamics and its dependency on the expression of secondary flow patterns. METHODS: Twelve patients with SP (12 male, 62 ± 9yr), eight patients with TP (6 male, 59 ± 9yr), and twelve healthy subjects (2 male, 55 ± 6yr) were examined at 3 T with a 4D Flow CMR sequence in this case control study. Six analysis planes were placed in the thoracic aorta at reproducible landmarks. The following WSS parameters were recorded: WSSavg (spatially averaged over the contour at peak systole), max. WSSseg (maximum segmental WSS), min. WSSseg (minimum segmental WSS) and the WSS Gradient, calculated as max. WSSseg - min. WSSseg. Kruskal-Wallis- and Mann-Whitney-U-Test were used for statistical comparison of groups. Occurrence and expression of secondary flow patterns were evaluated and correlated to WSS values using Spearman's correlation coefficient. RESULTS: In the planes bordering the prosthesis all WSS values were significantly lower in the SP compared to the TP, approaching the physiological optimum of the healthy subjects. The WSS gradient showed significantly different values in the four proximally localized contours when comparing both prostheses with healthy subjects. Strong correlations between an elevated WSS gradient and secondary flow patterns were found in the ascending aorta and the aortic arch. CONCLUSION: Overall, the SP has a positive impact on WSS, most pronounced at the site and adjacent to the prosthesis. The WSS gradient differed most obviously and the correlation of the WSS gradient with the occurrence of secondary flow patterns provides further evidence for linking disturbed flow, which was markedly increased in patients compared to healthy sub jects, to degenerative remodeling of the vascular wall.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Hemodinâmica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem de Perfusão/métodos , Desenho de Prótese , Adulto , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Estresse Mecânico , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(3): 386-393, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current treatment for acute retrograde type A intramural haematoma (IMH) remains challenging. Aortic remodelling in both the ascending aorta (AA) and descending thoracic aorta (DTA) was evaluated and the 30 day and mid term outcomes were determined in patients who underwent thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) for retrograde type A IMH with a primary intimal tear or ulcer like projection in the DTA METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicentre observational study. Clinical data, including post-operative mortality and adverse event, aorta related re-intervention, aortic remodelling, and the survival rate of 18 non-consecutive patients with acute retrograde type A IMH undergoing TEVAR between June 2006 and March 2018 were reviewed. RESULTS: The median age at repair was 58.1 years (range 38-86) and 14 (78%) were men. Eight patients (44%) presented with haemopericardium, and 10 (56%) underwent TEVAR within 24 h. The mean IMH thickness and AA diameter were 10.4 ± 3.6 and 45.7 ± 4.6 mm, respectively. Among all patients with acute retrograde type A IMH, 11 patients presented with classical type B aortic dissection and seven with type B IMH. All procedures were technically successful. The median follow up was 28.7 months (range 7-78). No 30 day mortality was observed. Three patients developed post-procedure adverse events. Of these, two patients had neurological events, with one each having cerebrovascular and spinal cord infarction individually, and the third patient required long term haemodialysis with ventilator support. The overall survival rate was 100%. The maximum diameter of the AA and the IMH in the AA significantly decreased after TEVAR. Aortic remodelling was also observed in the DTA along the length of TEVAR coverage. CONCLUSION: In selected patients with acute retrograde type A IMH, TEVAR offered a treatment alternative to open surgical grafting and medical follow up.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Hematoma/cirurgia , Remodelação Vascular , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Taiwan , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Card Surg ; 35(10): 2857-2859, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32720391

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative thoracic aortic graft infection (TAGI) is a serious and potentially fatal complication. The classical approach is to replace the infected graft. However, this approach has a high mortality rate. Alternatively, treatment of TAGI without graft replacement can be performed METHOD: Herein, we present a 72-year-old case with mediastinitis and graft infection after type A aortic dissection operation and successful treatment using omental flap coverage following vacuum-assisted wound closure therapy without graft replacement. CONCLUSION: The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and remains infection-free to date.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa/métodos , Omento/transplante , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 156, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The inverse relationship between case volume and postoperative mortality following high-risk surgical procedures have been reported. Thoracic aorta surgery is associated with one of the highest postoperative mortality. The relationship between institutional case volume and postoperative mortality in patients undergoing thoracic aorta replacement surgery was evaluated. METHODS: All thoracic aorta replacement surgeries performed in Korea between 2009 and 2016 in adult patients were analyzed using an administrative database. Hospitals were divided into low (< 30 cases/year), medium (30-60 cases/year), or high (> 60 cases/year) volume centers depending on the annual average number of thoracic aorta replacement surgeries performed. The impact of case volume on in-hospital mortality was assessed using the logistic regression. RESULTS: Across 83 hospitals, 4867 cases of thoracic aorta replacement were performed. In-hospital mortality was 8.6% (191/2222), 10.7% (77/717), and 21.9% (422/1928) in high, medium, and low volume centers, respectively. The adjusted risk of in-hospital mortality was significantly higher in medium (odds ratio [OR], 1.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16-2.11, P = 0.004) and low volume centers (OR, 3.12; 95% CI, 2.54-3.85, P < 0.001) compared to high volume centers. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who had underwent thoracic aorta replacement surgery in lower volume centers had increased risk of in-hospital mortality after surgery compared to those in higher volume centers. Our results may provide the basis for minimum case volume requirement or regionalization in thoracic aorta replacement surgery for optimal patient outcome.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Magy Seb ; 73(2): 61-68, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609633

RESUMO

Incidence of anomalies of the aortic arch is estimated 1-2 per cent in newborn babies. Lusory artery may arise either from left sided aortic arch in 0.7-2 per cent, or from right sided aortic arch in 0.4 per cent. Leading symptoms develop from compression of the oesophagus or trachea, or both. If lusory artery dilates conically over the time reaching 3 cm or more we call it Kommerell diverticulum. Very rare complications of this are the Type B aortic dissection, which may turn into chronic thoracoabdominal aneurysm, or its shaggy inner surface can be the source of upper extremity embolism. Rupture is extremely rare complication. In our report we focus on five cases of the mentioned complications with their clinical workups and technical solutions. In a female patient with right sided arch transection of the lusory artery was followed by transposition into the right common carotid artery. The central stump 10 years later gradually expanded and the saccular aneurysm indicated intervention. After complete arch debranching thoracic endograft was implanted. In this group of patients with variable surgical and hybrid procedures neither complication nor mortality occurred.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/cirurgia , Divertículo/cirurgia , Artéria Subclávia/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Pré-Escolar , Divertículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Reimplante , Artéria Subclávia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Subclávia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 586-591, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700643

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Left subclavian artery (LSA) revascularization in thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) remains controversial. Left subclavian artery coverage without revascularization can cause stroke and death. TEVAR has gained popularity for the treatment of chronic type B aortic dissection (cTBD). Using the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) database, we reviewed outcomes of LSA revascularization in TEVAR for cTBD. METHODS: The VQI registry identified 5683 patients treated with TEVAR from July 2010 to July 2016, including 208 repairs for cTBD. We analyzed outcomes per the Society for Vascular Surgery reporting standards. RESULTS: Of the 208 patients, 150 (72.1%) were male with a median age of 65.0 years (interquartile range [IQR], 55.0-72.0). Median aneurysm diameter was 5.7 cm (IQR, 5.0-6.5 cm). Data on the patency of the LSA was available in 131 (63.0%) patients. Twenty-five (19.1%) had occlusion of the LSA without revascularization, while 106 (80.9%) maintained patency or had revascularization. Successful device delivery occurred in all 131 (100%) patients. Maintaining LSA patency did not affect the rate of cerebrovascular accident (P = .16), spinal cord ischemia (P = 1.00), or death (P = 1.00). This was also nonsignificant when analyzing the subgroup of 98 elective cases. There was no difference in the rates of endoleak. Any intervention for the LSA (revascularization or occlusion) led to a longer procedure time (203.6 minutes vs 163.7 minutes, P = .04). CONCLUSIONS: Maintaining LSA patency during TEVAR for cTBD offers no advantage in perioperative morbidity or endoleak. Occlusion of LSA may be performed safely in this cohort and revascularization reserved for those who have anatomy that compromises perfusion to critical organs.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Artéria Subclávia/cirurgia , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/fisiopatologia , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artéria Subclávia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Subclávia/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
18.
J Card Surg ; 35(8): 2070-2072, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652682

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Highlight our management of a Pasteurella Multiocida-infected descending thoracic aorta mycotic pseudoaneurysm. METHODS: Report a case of a canine bite resulting in a P. Multiocida descending thoracic aorta mycotic pseudoaneurysm. RESULTS: We present a 61-year-old gentleman who was initially seen in an emergency department after a canine bite. He was admitted and treated with a course of IV antibiotics for P. Multiocida bacteremia and discharged. Three weeks after discharge, he continued to feel generalized malaise and work-up was significant for a descending thoracic aorta mycotic pseudoaneurysm. The patient underwent a low left posterior lateral thoracotomy and femoral-femoral cardiopulmonary bypass for complete pseudoaneurysm resection and aortic replacement with a 24-mm Gelweave graft. Given purulence and gross infection, we planned for a staged approach, with a secondary washout and omental flap for biologic coverage of the graft. The patient did well clinically and was discharged at 14 days to rehabilitation with 6-week intravenous course of antibiotics. CONCLUSIONS: The patient's clinical course with subsequent follow-up suggest that complete resection of the mycotic pseudoaneurysm, followed by omental flap coverage is a viable strategy to manage mycotic aortic infections with virulent organisms.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Aneurisma Infectado/etiologia , Aneurisma Infectado/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/etiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Bacteriemia/etiologia , Mordeduras e Picadas/complicações , Infecções por Pasteurella/etiologia , Infecções por Pasteurella/cirurgia , Pasteurella multocida , Animais , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Cães , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Toracotomia/métodos
19.
J Card Surg ; 35(10): 2832-2834, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667075

RESUMO

The nuance of operative decision making for those in need of emergent operation during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is increasingly complex in the absence of robust data or guidelines. We present two cases of thoracic aortic emergencies with COVID-19 disease who survived high-risk operations to highlight the potential for successful outcomes even in situations compounding patient disease, morbid operation, and the added risk associated with virulent disease in the pandemic time.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Emergências , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Dissecante/epidemiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 160(3): 796-804, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aortic uncrossing is an effective procedure for relieving the external airway compression from a circumflex aortic arch by transferring the aortic arch to the same side as the descending aorta. However, patients frequently have residual tracheobronchomalacia (TBM), which may result in persistent postoperative symptoms. We review a series of patients who underwent an aortic uncrossing and concomitant tracheobronchopexy to correct the airway compression and residual TBM. METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients who underwent aortic uncrossing and concomitant tracheobronchopexy at a single institution between September 2016 and March 2019. Preoperative evaluation included computed tomography angiography and rigid 3-phase dynamic bronchoscopy. RESULTS: Eight patients who ranged in age from 4 months to 15 years with significant respiratory symptoms underwent an aortic uncrossing procedure with concomitant tracheobronchial procedures. Mild hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (mean time, 105.6 ± 39.4 min) and regional perfusion (mean time, 44 ± 10 min) were used without circulatory arrest. Intraoperative bronchoscopy demonstrated no patients had residual TBM. There were no postoperative mortalities, neurologic complications, chylothoraces, coarctations, or obstructed aortic arches. Two patients required tracheostomy and gastrostomy for bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paresis (patients 2 and 3). One patient with bronchial stenosis after concomitant slide bronchoplasty required stenting. At a median follow-up of 22 months (range, 5-34 months), all patients were alive without evidence of significant respiratory symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The aortic uncrossing procedure can be performed safely in pediatric patients of all ages without circulatory arrest. Concomitant procedures addressing associated TBM can significantly improve respiratory symptoms.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Traqueobroncomalácia/complicações , Traqueobroncomalácia/cirurgia , Adolescente , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Broncoscopia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Traqueobroncomalácia/diagnóstico por imagem
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