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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(45): e23008, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157946

RESUMO

Type A acute aortic dissection (TAAAD) carries a high mortality rate in the absence of surgical treatment. This study sought to determine whether combining the assessment of clinical and computed tomography (CT) findings can be used to predict the long-term all-cause mortality rate of patients with TAAAD.Eighty-five consecutive patients with TAAAD who had undergone CT imaging and surgery were retrospectively reviewed. For the clinical and CT findings, univariate testing followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify independent predictors of death. Then, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the combined prediction model was calculated.The long-term mortality rate was 34.1% in our cohort (a median follow-up period of 60 months). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the following presenting variables as predictors of death: male sex (odds ratio [OR]: 6.67; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.67-25.0; P = .007), kidney malperfusion (OR: 2.18; 95% CI: 1.16-4.1; P = .02), and descending aorta size (OR: 1.12; 95% CI: 1.00-1.25; P = .05). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.84 when using the combined model for prediction of long-term all-cause mortality (P ≤ .01).The combined assessment of clinical and CT findings can reasonably predict the long-term prognosis of TAAAD with surgery.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma Aórtico/mortalidade , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
2.
Kardiologiia ; 60(8): 54-64, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155959

RESUMO

Aim      Comprehensive evaluation of blood flow in the thoracic aorta using a software for 4D processing of magnetic resonance (MR) images of the heart and blood vessels (4D Flow) in patients with aortic coarctation in the late postoperative period.Materials and methods The MR study of the heart was performed for 10 patients (7 boys and 3 girls) aged 8 to 13 years (median, 9.5 [8.3; 10.8] years) who underwent resection with end-to-end anastomosis for aortic coarctation at age of 2 weeks to 10 months. MR tomography was performed on a 1.5 T MR scanner using a multichannel surface coil for scanning, electrocardiographic synchronization, and a specialized package of pulse sequences for scanning of the heart. Blood flow was evaluated with a 4D data handling software for processing of MR images of heart and blood vessels (4D Flow). The following blood flow parameters were analyzed: blood flow volume per second, peak blood flow velocity, peak and minimum blood flow area at the levels of ascending aorta, arch, isthmus, and descending aorta, and pressure gradient at the level of maximum narrowing of the aorta. 3D-MR images were used for evaluation of aortic geometry. Blood flow formation, distribution, and trajectories were analyzed by maps of vectors, particle trace, and stream lines. Statistical analysis was performed with a Statistica (v. 6.0 StatSoft Inc.) package.Results Accelerated flow in the region of residual aortic stenosis in systole was observed in all patients; 4 patients had an additional vortex flow below the aortic stenosis and a spiral flow in the descending aorta. The pressure gradient on the aortic isthmus was directly correlated with the left ventricular myocardial mass index (r=0.65; р=0.04) and indexes of blood flow in the ascending and descending aorta (р=0.03; р=0.026). No significant correlation was found for blood flow indexes and geometry of the aortic arch (H / L). Delayed contrast enhancement MR imaging did not detect any fibrotic changes in the myocardium in only one patient. The fibrosis severity inversely correlated with the right ventricular ejection fraction (r=0.65; р=0.04) and directly correlated with the pressure gradient at the aortic isthmus (r=0.63; p=0.05).Conclusion      The 4D MR image processing software for the heart and blood vessels allows studying the blood flow in detail under natural conditions, provides potential advantages in comprehensive evaluation of patients with aortic coarctation during a dynamic follow-up. For a definitive conclusion about the relationship between the altered blood flow in the thoracic aorta and markers of residual, post-correction pathology, larger studies are required as well as long-term follow-up of patients with documented pathological patterns of blood flow (changes in blood flow velocity and volume throughout the entire thoracic aorta in combination with disorders in the normal flow geometry during the cardiac cycle).


Assuntos
Coartação Aórtica , Adolescente , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Coartação Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Coartação Aórtica/cirurgia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Direita
3.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(10): 738-743, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130758

RESUMO

Extensive atheromatous disease of the thoracic aorta is a significant risk factor of lethal complications and remains an unsolved issue in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. The disease condition has been documented to be associated not only with high operative risk but also with relatively poor prognosis especially in patients with aortic replacement, due to the susceptibility to potential embolic events such as neurological deficits. To achieve favorable outcomes after surgical intervention, precise preoperative evaluation and meticulous surgical planning are important. 3-dimensional computed tomography (CT) can reveal detailed aortic lesions, graftable anastomotic sites, suitable cannulation sites, risk score related to thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Despite the tendency that atheromatous lesions are extensive and multiple, a selected treatment would better be targeted only for clinically significant pathologic site to minimize the risks associated with surgical intervention. In addition, realistic anticipation and subsequent preparation for potential second operation should also be planned. As for a representative aortic surgery, total aortic arch replacement has been the most frequently performed procedure in Japan. When extensive atheromatous lesions are encountered around the arch and supra-aortic branches, rapid switching over to isolation of neck vessels and selective cerebral perfusion is recommended rather than solely relying on the right axillar artery perfusion. Retrograde cerebral perfusion may also be employed in a case with hostile cervical arterial lesions. Besides surgical strategy, peri-operative managements including preservation of renal and gastrointestinal functions are of paramount importance, and definitely influence the post-operative quality of life in patients with extensive atheromatous disease.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Doenças da Aorta , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Humanos , Japão , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Gestão de Riscos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J Med Vasc ; 45(5): 254-259, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862982

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Conventional open repair of a traumatic aortic isthmic rupture is associated with a significantly high mortality and morbidity rates. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is currently often performed because it is a less invasive treatment than surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate short and mid-term results of TEVAR in traumatic aortic isthmic rupture. METHODS: This is a retrospective study conducted between 2010 and 2018 including patients who underwent TEVAR for traumatic aortic isthmic rupture. RESULTS: Thirty-six consecutive patients were included. All patients had sustained a violent blunt chest trauma after a sudden deceleration with associated injuries. The injury severity score (ISS) was 40 (14-66). All patients were hemodynamically stable at admission. We deployed thoracic aorta stent grafts with a mean diameter of 26mm (18-36). The procedural success rate was 100%. We reported one intra-operative complication which was a distal migration of the graft, managed by an implantation of an aortic extension graft. On the first postoperative day, one patient presented an acute lower limb ischemia, probably due to the surgical femoral access, treated with an embolectomy with a Fogarty catheter with satisfactory results. The mean follow-up was 40.41 months (6.5-96). The mortality and paraplegia rates were 0% at one month and during the follow-up period. We reported a case of kinking of the graft that occurred at 6 months. No cases of endoleak neither re-intervention were reported. CONCLUSION: TEVAR is a safe and a reliable method for the treatment of sub-acute traumatic thoracic aortic injuries.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/lesões , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 1059-1069, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921666

RESUMO

Because of its rigidity and non-steerability, the presence of a horizontal aortic root poses a major anatomical issue during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with Evolut self-expanding valve. Previous studies have elucidated the difficulties of coaxial implantation of the self-expanding valve in patients with horizontal aorta, often resulting in increased complications and a lower device success rate. To date, most patients with extremely horizontal aorta (aortic root angle ≥ 70°) have been excluded from major TAVR clinical trials. Therefore, available data on TAVR with Evolut in this challenging anatomy are limited, and standardized treatment strategies and clinical results remain unknown. Herein, we report a clinical case series of TAVR with Evolut in extremely horizontal aorta. Among seven patients (aged 80-92 years; STS score, 12.6% ± 7.9%) who underwent TAVR with Evolut system, aortic root angle ranged from 71° to 83° (mean, 75.1°± 4.5°). All patients achieved device success with dedicated strategies and were clinically stable at 3-month follow-up. None of the patients had more than mild paravalvular leakage (PVL) at any point during follow-up.Complications in three patients included complete atrioventricular block requiring a permanent pacemaker implantation, cerebral infarction because of atrial fibrillation 3 days after TAVR, and cardiac tamponade requiring pericardiocentesis. In this case series, Evolut self-expanding TAVR in extremely horizontal aorta was effective and feasible with a high device success rate. Based on anatomical features, some dedicated strategies majorly contribute to the success of this procedure. Large-scale multicenter studies are required to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Torácica/anatomia & histologia , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/epidemiologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Tamponamento Cardíaco/epidemiologia , Infarto Cerebral/epidemiologia , Infarto Cerebral/etiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Marca-Passo Artificial , Pericardiocentese , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Georgian Med News ; (304-305): 85-90, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965255

RESUMO

Aortic arch hypoplasia is a congenital anomaly of the development of the aortic arch, characterized by hemodynamically significant narrowing of one or more segments of the aortic arch. The combination of simple transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and obstruction at the level of the aortic arch is not very common. However, when transposition is combined with the VSD, Taussig-Bing anomaly, this combination is more common. The degree of obstruction at the level of the aortic arch may vary from discrete coarctation of the aorta, tubular hypoplasia of the aortic arch, to interruption. Despite the improvement in the results of surgical treatment of this pathology in recent years, the question of the stage of treatment remains debatable.; The objective of the study was to analyze immediate and long-term results of the correction of transposition of the great arteries and aortic arch hypoplasia.; From 2010 to 2019 at the "Amosov National Amosov Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine" and "Scientific Center For Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine" 76 infants underwent repair of TGA and aortic arch hypoplasia. The study included only patients with two-ventrical physiology and subsequent two-ventrical repair. There were 49 (64%) male patients and 27 (36%) female patients. The mean age of patients was 1.1 ± 0.5 months, mean body weight was 3.7 ± 1.4 kg. The average body surface area was 0.23 ± 0.05 m². Patients were divided into two groups: group I involved 52 (68%) individuals - patients who underwent one-stage repair of TGA and aortic arch hypoplasia, group II included 24 (32%) patients with two-stage repair, consisting of aortic arch reconstruction and pulmonary banding at the first stage and correction of TGA at the second stage. Antegrade selective cerebral perfusion was performed in 24 (46%) patients during reconstruction of the aortic arch.; The in-hospital mortality rate was 5.3% (n= 4). In group I, in-hospital mortality was 3.8% (n=2), and was significantly lower compared to the group II - 8.3% (n=2), p<0.05. Eight patients (14.5%) had delayed sternal closure in the early postoperative period. The average long-term follow-up was 3.7±2.8 years (from one months to 9.1 years). One late death occurred in group II. Aortic arch restenosis developed in 11 (14.4%) patients: 7 (13.4%) patients in group I and 4 (16.6%) patients in group II. Right ventricle outflow tract and pulmonary artery obstruction occurred in 9 (11.8%) patients: in 2 (3.8%) patients from group I and in 7 (29.1%) patients from group II. In the long term follow-up there were no neurological complications and compression of the trachea.; Surgical treatment of TGA with aortic arch hypoplasia is effective in infants with good immediate and long-term results. The study indicates that one-stage repair has better immediate and long-term results, compared to two-stage treatment and may be the method of choice in the treatment of this complex pathology.


Assuntos
Coartação Aórtica/cirurgia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Ucrânia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22309, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991437

RESUMO

The safety and feasibility of transradial approach for cerebral angiography has been confirmed previously. However, this approach has been limited used due to the difficulty during the procedure. This study aimed to introduce a pigtail catheter tailing and long-wire swapping technique to improve the success rate without increasing complications.From August 2015 to December 2018, 560 patients who underwent cerebral angiography via transradial approach were recruited. The data including the type of aortic arch, type of Simmon catheter were collected.The loop was successfully constructed in 553 patients using Simmon-2 or Simmon-1 catheter. Of these patients, 72 patients successfully underwent cerebral and renal angiography, while 481 patients underwent cerebral angiography. The time for angiography was 52.87 ±â€Š11.23 minutes and 47.8 ±â€Š11.8 minutes, respectively. There were 369 (66.7%), 135 (24.4%), and 49 (8.9%) patients with type I, type II, and type III aortic arches, respectively, and their success rates of looping using Simmon-2 catheter were 97.8%, 97.0%, and 89.8%, respectively. The success rates of angiography in the right internal carotid artery, right vertebral artery, left internal carotid artery, and left vertebral artery were 100%, 100%, 98.9%, and 98.9%, respectively. No serious complications were observed in all patients.The pigtail catheter tailing and long guidewire swapping is considered as a safe procedure with high success rate for loop construction using a Simmon-2 catheter through the right radial artery, subsequently improving the success rate as well as the efficiency of angiography.


Assuntos
Cateteres Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Cerebral/instrumentação , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas/normas , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/patologia , Cateteres Cardíacos/tendências , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Angiografia Cerebral/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 59, 2020 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anatomically pre-shaped sinus prostheses (SP) were developed to mimic the aortic sinus with the goal to preserve near physiological hemodynamic conditions after valve-sparing aortic root replacement. Although SP have shown more physiological flow patterns, a comparison to straight tube prosthesis and the analysis of derived quantitative parameters is lacking. Hence, this study sought to analyze differences in aortic wall shear stress (WSS) between anatomically pre-shaped SP, conventional straight tube prostheses (TP), and age-matched healthy subjects) using time-resolved 3-dimensional flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance (4D Flow CMR). Moreover, the WSS gradient was introduced and analyzed regarding its sensitivity to detect changes in hemodynamics and its dependency on the expression of secondary flow patterns. METHODS: Twelve patients with SP (12 male, 62 ± 9yr), eight patients with TP (6 male, 59 ± 9yr), and twelve healthy subjects (2 male, 55 ± 6yr) were examined at 3 T with a 4D Flow CMR sequence in this case control study. Six analysis planes were placed in the thoracic aorta at reproducible landmarks. The following WSS parameters were recorded: WSSavg (spatially averaged over the contour at peak systole), max. WSSseg (maximum segmental WSS), min. WSSseg (minimum segmental WSS) and the WSS Gradient, calculated as max. WSSseg - min. WSSseg. Kruskal-Wallis- and Mann-Whitney-U-Test were used for statistical comparison of groups. Occurrence and expression of secondary flow patterns were evaluated and correlated to WSS values using Spearman's correlation coefficient. RESULTS: In the planes bordering the prosthesis all WSS values were significantly lower in the SP compared to the TP, approaching the physiological optimum of the healthy subjects. The WSS gradient showed significantly different values in the four proximally localized contours when comparing both prostheses with healthy subjects. Strong correlations between an elevated WSS gradient and secondary flow patterns were found in the ascending aorta and the aortic arch. CONCLUSION: Overall, the SP has a positive impact on WSS, most pronounced at the site and adjacent to the prosthesis. The WSS gradient differed most obviously and the correlation of the WSS gradient with the occurrence of secondary flow patterns provides further evidence for linking disturbed flow, which was markedly increased in patients compared to healthy sub jects, to degenerative remodeling of the vascular wall.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Hemodinâmica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem de Perfusão/métodos , Desenho de Prótese , Adulto , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Estresse Mecânico , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(3): 386-393, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current treatment for acute retrograde type A intramural haematoma (IMH) remains challenging. Aortic remodelling in both the ascending aorta (AA) and descending thoracic aorta (DTA) was evaluated and the 30 day and mid term outcomes were determined in patients who underwent thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) for retrograde type A IMH with a primary intimal tear or ulcer like projection in the DTA METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicentre observational study. Clinical data, including post-operative mortality and adverse event, aorta related re-intervention, aortic remodelling, and the survival rate of 18 non-consecutive patients with acute retrograde type A IMH undergoing TEVAR between June 2006 and March 2018 were reviewed. RESULTS: The median age at repair was 58.1 years (range 38-86) and 14 (78%) were men. Eight patients (44%) presented with haemopericardium, and 10 (56%) underwent TEVAR within 24 h. The mean IMH thickness and AA diameter were 10.4 ± 3.6 and 45.7 ± 4.6 mm, respectively. Among all patients with acute retrograde type A IMH, 11 patients presented with classical type B aortic dissection and seven with type B IMH. All procedures were technically successful. The median follow up was 28.7 months (range 7-78). No 30 day mortality was observed. Three patients developed post-procedure adverse events. Of these, two patients had neurological events, with one each having cerebrovascular and spinal cord infarction individually, and the third patient required long term haemodialysis with ventilator support. The overall survival rate was 100%. The maximum diameter of the AA and the IMH in the AA significantly decreased after TEVAR. Aortic remodelling was also observed in the DTA along the length of TEVAR coverage. CONCLUSION: In selected patients with acute retrograde type A IMH, TEVAR offered a treatment alternative to open surgical grafting and medical follow up.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Hematoma/cirurgia , Remodelação Vascular , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Taiwan , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Magy Seb ; 73(2): 61-68, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609633

RESUMO

Incidence of anomalies of the aortic arch is estimated 1-2 per cent in newborn babies. Lusory artery may arise either from left sided aortic arch in 0.7-2 per cent, or from right sided aortic arch in 0.4 per cent. Leading symptoms develop from compression of the oesophagus or trachea, or both. If lusory artery dilates conically over the time reaching 3 cm or more we call it Kommerell diverticulum. Very rare complications of this are the Type B aortic dissection, which may turn into chronic thoracoabdominal aneurysm, or its shaggy inner surface can be the source of upper extremity embolism. Rupture is extremely rare complication. In our report we focus on five cases of the mentioned complications with their clinical workups and technical solutions. In a female patient with right sided arch transection of the lusory artery was followed by transposition into the right common carotid artery. The central stump 10 years later gradually expanded and the saccular aneurysm indicated intervention. After complete arch debranching thoracic endograft was implanted. In this group of patients with variable surgical and hybrid procedures neither complication nor mortality occurred.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/cirurgia , Divertículo/cirurgia , Artéria Subclávia/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Pré-Escolar , Divertículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Reimplante , Artéria Subclávia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Subclávia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 586-591, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700643

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Left subclavian artery (LSA) revascularization in thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) remains controversial. Left subclavian artery coverage without revascularization can cause stroke and death. TEVAR has gained popularity for the treatment of chronic type B aortic dissection (cTBD). Using the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) database, we reviewed outcomes of LSA revascularization in TEVAR for cTBD. METHODS: The VQI registry identified 5683 patients treated with TEVAR from July 2010 to July 2016, including 208 repairs for cTBD. We analyzed outcomes per the Society for Vascular Surgery reporting standards. RESULTS: Of the 208 patients, 150 (72.1%) were male with a median age of 65.0 years (interquartile range [IQR], 55.0-72.0). Median aneurysm diameter was 5.7 cm (IQR, 5.0-6.5 cm). Data on the patency of the LSA was available in 131 (63.0%) patients. Twenty-five (19.1%) had occlusion of the LSA without revascularization, while 106 (80.9%) maintained patency or had revascularization. Successful device delivery occurred in all 131 (100%) patients. Maintaining LSA patency did not affect the rate of cerebrovascular accident (P = .16), spinal cord ischemia (P = 1.00), or death (P = 1.00). This was also nonsignificant when analyzing the subgroup of 98 elective cases. There was no difference in the rates of endoleak. Any intervention for the LSA (revascularization or occlusion) led to a longer procedure time (203.6 minutes vs 163.7 minutes, P = .04). CONCLUSIONS: Maintaining LSA patency during TEVAR for cTBD offers no advantage in perioperative morbidity or endoleak. Occlusion of LSA may be performed safely in this cohort and revascularization reserved for those who have anatomy that compromises perfusion to critical organs.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Artéria Subclávia/cirurgia , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/fisiopatologia , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artéria Subclávia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Subclávia/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
16.
J Card Surg ; 35(8): 2037-2038, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652604

RESUMO

We present a case of an infant with tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia with an incidentally detected cervical origin of right subclavian artery. We highlight the importance of identifying this rare variation and the potential complications that may ensue.


Assuntos
Pescoço/irrigação sanguínea , Atresia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Subclávia/anormalidades , Artéria Subclávia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Atresia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia
17.
J Card Surg ; 35(8): 2035-2036, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652780

RESUMO

We present a case of a 4-year-old child operated previously for cyanotic congenital heart disease where the follow-up computed tomography (CT) angiography revealed anomalous origin of the left vertebral artery from the descending thoracic aorta. This case also highlights the potential implications of this variant and the value of CT angiography in diagnosing this anomaly.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Artéria Vertebral/anormalidades , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Artéria Subclávia/anormalidades , Artéria Subclávia/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 160(3): 796-804, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aortic uncrossing is an effective procedure for relieving the external airway compression from a circumflex aortic arch by transferring the aortic arch to the same side as the descending aorta. However, patients frequently have residual tracheobronchomalacia (TBM), which may result in persistent postoperative symptoms. We review a series of patients who underwent an aortic uncrossing and concomitant tracheobronchopexy to correct the airway compression and residual TBM. METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients who underwent aortic uncrossing and concomitant tracheobronchopexy at a single institution between September 2016 and March 2019. Preoperative evaluation included computed tomography angiography and rigid 3-phase dynamic bronchoscopy. RESULTS: Eight patients who ranged in age from 4 months to 15 years with significant respiratory symptoms underwent an aortic uncrossing procedure with concomitant tracheobronchial procedures. Mild hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (mean time, 105.6 ± 39.4 min) and regional perfusion (mean time, 44 ± 10 min) were used without circulatory arrest. Intraoperative bronchoscopy demonstrated no patients had residual TBM. There were no postoperative mortalities, neurologic complications, chylothoraces, coarctations, or obstructed aortic arches. Two patients required tracheostomy and gastrostomy for bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paresis (patients 2 and 3). One patient with bronchial stenosis after concomitant slide bronchoplasty required stenting. At a median follow-up of 22 months (range, 5-34 months), all patients were alive without evidence of significant respiratory symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The aortic uncrossing procedure can be performed safely in pediatric patients of all ages without circulatory arrest. Concomitant procedures addressing associated TBM can significantly improve respiratory symptoms.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Traqueobroncomalácia/complicações , Traqueobroncomalácia/cirurgia , Adolescente , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Broncoscopia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Traqueobroncomalácia/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(6): 487-496, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495704

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Our objective was to determine significant predictors of spinal cord ischemia (SCI) following Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR) and to further develop a simple and clinically orientated risk score model. METHODS: A retrospective review of data from the Society of Vascular Surgery/Vascular Quality Initiative national data set was performed for all patients undergoing TEVAR from January, 2014 to June 2018. Preoperative demographics, procedure-related variables, and clinical details related to SCI were examined. A SCI risk score was developed utilizing a multivariable logistic regression model. RESULTS: For the 7889 patients in the final analysis who underwent TEVAR during the study period, the mean age was 67.6 ± 13.9, range 18 to 90 years, and the majority was male (65%). Postoperative outcomes included stroke (3.0%), myocardial infarction (2.9%), inhospital mortality (5.4%), transient SCI (1.5%), and permanent SCI (2.1%). Nearly half of the overall cases were performed in high volume centers. Predictors of increased risk for SCI included age by decade (odds ratio [OR]: 1.2), celiac coverage (OR: 1.5), current smoker (OR: 1.6), dialysis (OR: 1.9), 3 or more aortic implanted devices (OR: 1.7), emergent or urgent surgery (OR: 1.5), adjunct aorta-related procedure (OR: 2.5), adjunct not related (OR: 2.6), total estimated length of aortic device (19-31 cm, OR: 1.9 and ≥32 cm, OR: 3.0), ASA class 4 or 5 (OR: 1.6), and procedure time ≥154 minutes (OR: 1.8). Two predictors decreased the risk of SCI, cases from high-volume centers (OR: 0.6) and eGFR ≥ 60 (OR: 0.6). To evaluate the risk score model, probabilities of SCI from the original regression, raw score, and raw score categories resulted in area under the curve statistics of 0.792, 0.786, and 0.738, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Spinal cord ischemia remains one of the most feared complications of TEVAR. Incidence of SCI in this large series of patients with TEVAR was 3.6% with nearly 60% being permanent. The proposed model provides an assessment tool to guide clinical decisions, patient consent process, risk-assessment, and procedural strategy.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal/diagnóstico , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(5): 785-791, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495679

RESUMO

Purpose: To analyze the structural variation of the aortic arch and the supra-aortic arteries and establish an average spatial configuration that would be a pattern for a "universal double fenestration" design for physician-modified endovascular grafts (PMEGs) used in total thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Materials and Methods: Aortic arch morphology was retrospectively analyzed by reviewing the preoperative thoracic computed tomography angiography scans in 33 consecutive patients (mean age 68 years; 27 men) treated between January 2017 and March 2019 using double-fenestrated PMEGs for zone 0 TEVAR. Image analysis was completed according to a standardized technique on a vascular workstation with center lumen line reconstruction for all measurements. Variations in branching pattern of the aortic arch were classified into 8 types. Results: The arch trunk configuration was type I in 26 patients (79%), type II in 5 (15%), type III in 1, and type IV in 1. Mean aortic diameters at the level of mid ascending aorta, innominate artery (IA), left common carotid artery (LCCA), and left subclavian artery (LSA) were 35.7±3.7, 34.2±4.5, 33.3±6.7, and 33.7±4.7 mm, respectively. Mean diameters of the trunk were 12.2±1.7, 7.5±1.4, and 8.0±0.8 mm, respectively. Mean longitudinal center to center lengths were 15.9±2.5 mm between the LSA and LCCA and 12.1±3.0 mm between the LCCA and IA. Mean clock positions using the LSA as reference were 12:50 for the IA and 12:05 for the LCCA. In 32 patients (97%) all the supra-aortic branch vessels fit perfectly inside two delimited areas defined by a proximal common square area of 30×30 mm for the IA and LCCA and a second distal 8-mm-diameter circle for the LSA. Conclusion: Variations of the aortic arch anatomy are numerous and common. A general morphological pattern is described that delimits the aortic area where these variations occur. This information can be utilized for the design of an off-the-shelf double-fenestrated stent-graft for zone 0 TEVAR.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Desenho de Prótese , Stents , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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