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1.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 103(2): e50-e52, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559554

RESUMO

Appendix-associated hernias are extremely rare. They have been described sporadically in the literature, mostly as inguinal hernias. Appendix-associated incisional hernias are even more unusual. High clinical awareness is needed as complications can arise if misdiagnosis or delay occurs. We present an 80-year-old man with acute appendicitis in an incisional hernia. After successful surgery, the patient made a full recovery.


Assuntos
Apendicectomia , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Hérnia Incisional/diagnóstico , Doenças Raras/diagnóstico , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apendicite/etiologia , Apendicite/cirurgia , Apêndice/diagnóstico por imagem , Apêndice/cirurgia , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Hérnia Incisional/etiologia , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Masculino , Náusea/etiologia , Doenças Raras/etiologia , Doenças Raras/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Vômito/etiologia
2.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33504515

RESUMO

A 39-year-old multiparous Afro-Caribbean woman attended the emergency department with sudden-onset severe right iliac fossa pain. Her inflammatory markers were mildly elevated. Computerised tomography of the abdomen demonstrated features of fat stranding in the right iliac fossa suspicious of acute appendicitis. The scan also noted uterine leiomyomas. The patient was taken to theatre for an emergency diagnostic laparoscopy where her appendix was found to be macroscopically normal. A necrotic heavily calcified parasitic leiomyoma was seen in the right adnexa, free of the uterus and adherent to the greater omentum on a long torted pedicle. The parasitic leiomyoma was successfully removed piecemeal laparoscopically. Complications of leiomyomas, namely, torsion and necrosis, are important differentials in women presenting with sudden-onset lower abdominal pain. A history of sudden-onset severe lower abdominal pain with a background of known leiomyoma should prompt the clerking surgeon to consider a complication of leiomyoma as part of the differential diagnoses.


Assuntos
Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Leiomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Anormalidade Torcional/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Adulto , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Cesárea , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Leiomioma/cirurgia , Inoculação de Neoplasia , Omento , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Anormalidade Torcional/complicações , Anormalidade Torcional/cirurgia , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia
3.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431529

RESUMO

Abdominoperineal excision of rectum (APER) is one of the widely used surgical procedures to treat low rectal cancer, benign conditions like Crohn's proctitis with anal involvement and as a salvage procedure for anal cancer. Perineal wound infection is a well-recognised complication following such major surgery. Occurrence of appendicitis in a few weeks' time following such a major surgery is uncommon. However, here we present a rare case report of perforated appendicitis presenting as persistent perineal discharge in an elderly man, following laparoscopic APER for a low rectal tumour. To our knowledge, this is the first time such a rare clinical presentation of appendicitis is reported in the history of medical literature. Through this case report, we aim to highlight the importance of considering such an uncommon presentation in patients with perineal discharge, following APER.


Assuntos
Abscesso/diagnóstico , Apendicite/complicações , Infecções por Escherichia coli/diagnóstico , Perfuração Intestinal/diagnóstico , Infecção Pélvica/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Protectomia/efeitos adversos , Abscesso/etiologia , Abscesso/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Apendicectomia , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Apendicite/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Escherichia coli/etiologia , Infecções por Escherichia coli/cirurgia , Humanos , Perfuração Intestinal/etiologia , Perfuração Intestinal/cirurgia , Masculino , Infecção Pélvica/etiologia , Infecção Pélvica/cirurgia , Períneo/microbiologia , Períneo/patologia , Períneo/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/patologia , Reto/cirurgia
4.
Cir Pediatr ; 34(1): 3-8, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507637

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience in the diagnostic and therapeutic management of patients with acute abdomen as the main manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive study of patients with clinical signs of acute abdomen diagnosed with COVID-19 and admitted at out healthcare facility from April 1 to May 10, 2020 was carried out. Clinical records were reviewed for data collection purposes. RESULTS: A series of 14 patients (9 male and 5 female) with a median age of 9.5 years was analyzed. All patients had abdominal pain. There were 11 patients with fever, 9 patients with vomit or diarrhea, and 9 patients with clinically suspected surgical pathology (acute appendicitis or peritonitis). Increased acute phase reactants and coagulation disorders were a common characteristic at blood tests. An abdominal ultrasonography was carried out in all patients, and a CT-scan was performed in 4 patients, which demonstrated inflammatory signs in the terminal ileum, the ileocecal valve and the ascending colon, as well as gallbladder edema. Conservative management was decided upon in all patients except one, and eight patients required intensive care admission for support treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Gastrointestinal symptoms can be the primary manifestation of the new coronavirus infection, which simulates an acute abdomen with a potentially unfavorable evolution. For an accurate diagnosis to be achieved, a good clinical record and a comprehensive physical exploration, as well as complementary tests in search of characteristic findings of COVID-19, should be carried out.


Assuntos
Abdome Agudo/diagnóstico , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , /diagnóstico , Abdome Agudo/cirurgia , Abdome Agudo/virologia , Dor Abdominal/virologia , Adolescente , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/etiologia , Feminino , Febre/epidemiologia , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Peritonite/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vômito/epidemiologia , Vômito/etiologia
5.
Anticancer Res ; 41(1): 297-306, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419824

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the accuracy of common clinical findings, laboratory tests and diagnostic score (DS) in diagnosis of clinically confirmed acute appendicitis (AA) in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 188 children under the age of 15 years presenting with acute abdominal pain (AAP) were included in the study. The clinical history (n=21), signs (n=14) and tests (n=3) were recorded in each child. RESULTS: The significant independent diagnostic predictors (disclosed by multivariate logistic regression model) were used to construct the DS formulas for AA diagnosis. These formulas were tested at six different cut-off levels to establish the most optimal diagnostic performance for clinically confirmed AA. In the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) comparison test, there was a statistically significant difference (p=0.0055) in the area under curve (AUC) values between i) clinical history and symptoms (AUC=0.594), and ii) signs and laboratory tests (AUC=0.734), whereas both were significantly inferior (p=0.0001) to the AUC value of the DS (AUC=0.952). CONCLUSION: In diagnosis of clinically confirmed AA in children, the DS formula is superior to both the clinical history/symptoms and signs/lab tests, justifying the use of DS as an integral part of the diagnostic algorithm of AA in all children presenting with AAP.


Assuntos
Dor Abdominal/diagnóstico , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Apendicite/complicações , Biomarcadores , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Curva ROC , Avaliação de Sintomas
6.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468636

RESUMO

A 20-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain and MRI findings of intussusception of the distal small bowel with no identifiable lead point and no visualisation of the appendix. A diagnostic laparoscopy succeeded in manually reducing the intussusception but was unable to find any candidate lead point. Intraoperatively, hyperperistalsis was observed throughout the small bowel which seemed prone to transient intussusception. Incidental appendectomy revealed an uninflamed appendix with Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm) infestation, the most common parasite present in appendectomy specimens worldwide. Although intussusception in young adults is an uncommon occurrence, the unique nature of this case is amplified by the concurrent finding of E. vermicularis infection of the appendix in an adolescent in western Canada, a phenomenon normally observed in paediatric populations with higher incidence in tropical areas. Although the mechanism of intussusception in this patient remains unclear, it is hypothesised that E. vermicularis colonisation acted as an irritant stimulating intestinal hypercontractility with resulting intussusception. Successful medical eradication of the pinworm in this individual may prevent future recurrence.


Assuntos
Apendicite/parasitologia , Enterobíase/diagnóstico , Doenças do Íleo/diagnóstico , Doenças do Íleo/parasitologia , Intussuscepção/diagnóstico , Intussuscepção/parasitologia , Apendicectomia , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Apendicite/cirurgia , Enterobíase/complicações , Enterobíase/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças do Íleo/terapia , Intussuscepção/terapia , Adulto Jovem
7.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495185

RESUMO

Appendiceal neoplasms are rare, occurring in <1.4% of all appendicectomy specimens. Carcinoid tumours and adenocarcinomas comprise the majority of cases, however, lymphomas or sarcomas may also arise within the appendix. Appendiceal leiomyosarcomas are rare and to date, there remains a relative dearth of cases reported in the literature. Leiomyosarcomas are derived from the smooth muscle cells or mesenchymal stem cells committed to this line of differentiation. However, their pathogenesis and underlying genetic mechanism remains to be fully elucidated. Unbalanced karyotypic defects are the only shared features observed across different leiomyosarcoma subtypes. Children with AIDS have a higher incidence compared with adults, where the main pathology in individuals with HIV is Kaposi's sarcoma and B-cell lymphoma. Although surgical excision with clear margins remains the treatment of choice, a good response to treatment with gemcitabine, docetaxel and trabectedin has been observed. The authors present the case of a 23-year-old female presenting to the emergency department with acute appendicitis. She underwent a laparoscopic converted to an open appendectomy. Her operation was complicated by a pelvic collection requiring percutaneous drainage and an ileus. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a leiomyosarcoma, a rare mesenchymal tumour presenting in individuals with immune suppression. HIV serology was positive and she commenced anti-retroviral therapy. She remains under review in the Department of HIV Medicine.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Apêndice/diagnóstico , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Leiomiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Lesão Renal Aguda , Apendicectomia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/imunologia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Humanos , Hipopotassemia , Íleus , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Leiomiossarcoma/imunologia , Leiomiossarcoma/patologia , Leiomiossarcoma/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Adulto Jovem
8.
Int J Surg ; 86: 32-37, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the Covid-19 pandemic, non-operative management for acute appendicitis (AA) was implemented in the UK. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and outcomes of conservative versus surgical management of AA during the pandemic. MATERIALS & METHODS: We conducted an observational study in a tertiary referral centre. Data was collected from all patients (≥16 years) with a diagnosis of AA between November 1, 2019 to March 10, 2020 (pre-COVID period) and March 10, 2020 to July 5, 2020 (COVID period). RESULTS: A total of 116 patients in the pre-COVID period were included versus 91 in the COVID period. 43.1% (n = 50) of patients pre-COVID were classified as ASA 2 compared to 26.4% (n = 24) during the COVID period (p-value = 0.042). 72.5% (n = 66) of the patients during the COVID period scored as high risk using the Alvarado score compared to 24.1% (n = 28) in the pre-COVID period (p-value<0.001). We observed a significant increase in radiological evaluation, 69.8% versus 87.5% of patients had a CT in the pre-COVID and COVID periods respectively (p-value = 0.008). 94.9% of patients were managed operatively in the pre-COVID period compared to 60.4% in the COVID period (p-value<0.001). We observed more open appendicectomies (37.3% versus 0.9%; p-value<0.001) during the COVID period compared to the pre-COVID period. More abscess formation and free fluid were found intraoperatively in the COVID period (p-value = 0.021 and 0.023 respectively). Re-attendance rate due to appendicitis-related issues was significantly higher in the COVID period (p = 0.027). CONCLUSION: Radiological diagnosis of AA was more frequent during the COVID period. More conservative management for AA was employed during the COVID-19 pandemic, and for those managed operatively an open approach was preferred. Intra-operative findings were suggestive of delayed presentation during the COVID period without this affecting the length of hospital stay.


Assuntos
Apendicite/tratamento farmacológico , Apendicite/cirurgia , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Apendicectomia , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Tratamento Conservador , Diagnóstico Tardio , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 94: 0-0, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196937

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La apendicitis aguda (AA) es la patología quirúrgica urgente más frecuente en pediatría. La pandemia por la COVID-19 ha generado un descenso en las consultas a urgencias, pudiendo conllevar un retraso en la atención sanitaria y un aumento en la gravedad de las patologías. El objetivo es analizar la tasa de AA complicadas durante la pandemia, en comparación con el mismo periodo del año anterior. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo observacional de cohortes unicéntrico que incluyó a pacientes menores de 14 años atendidos en urgencias con diagnóstico de AA durante los meses de marzo a mayo de 2019 (no pandemia) y 2020 (pandemia). RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 90 pacientes (41 en no pandemia y 49 en pandemia). No se encontraron diferencias en el tiempo desde el inicio de la clínica hasta la consulta en urgencias entre los dos periodos (37 h vs. 38 h, p = 0,881), pero sí en el tiempo desde la llegada a urgencias hasta la intervención quirúrgica (7:00 h vs. 10:30 h; p = 0,004). La diferencia se acentuó al comparar el mes de marzo con abril-mayo de 2020 (6 h vs. 12 h; p = 0,001). No se observaron diferencias significativas en la tasa de AA complicadas en el diagnóstico intraoperatorio (35% vs. 33%; p = 0,870) ni anatomopatológico (35% vs. 48%; p = 0,222), ni tampoco en el número de complicaciones postoperatorias, duración de ingreso y reingresos. Se objetivó un aumento del diagnóstico anatomopatológico de AA con periapendicitis (47% vs. 81%; p = 0,001). CONCLUSIÓN: Durante la pandemia se observó una demora desde la llegada a urgencias hasta la intervención quirúrgica en niños diagnosticados de AA. Esta demora se tradujo en un incremento del diagnóstico de AA evolucionadas histológicamente, pero sin objetivarse un aumento de las complicaciones de la enfermedad


INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most frequent urgent surgical pathology in pediatrics. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a decrease in emergency department (ED) visits, which can lead to a delay in health care and an increase in the severity of the pathologies. The objective is to analyze the rate of complicated AA during the pandemic, compared to the same period of the previous year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective unicenter observational cohort study that included patients under 14 years of age seen in the ED with a diagnosis of AA during the months of March to May 2019 (non-pandemic) and 2020 (pandemic). RESULTS: 90 patients were included (41 in non-pandemic and 49 in pandemic). No difference was found between the two periods in the time from the clinic onset until the visit to the ED (37 h vs 38 h, p = 0.881), but there was a difference in the time from arrival at the ED until the surgery (7:00h vs 10:30h, p = 0.004). The difference was accentuated when comparing the month of March with April-May 2020 (6 h vs 12 h; p = 0.001). No significant differences were observed in the rate of complicated AA in intraoperative diagnosis (35% vs 33%; p = 0.870) or anatomopathology (35% vs 48%; p = 0.222), nor in the number of postoperative complications, length of hospitalization and readmissions. An increase in the anatomopathological diagnosis of AA with periapendicitis was observed (47% vs 81%; p = 0.001) CONCLUSION: During the pandemic, a delay from arrival at the ED until the surgery was observed in children diagnosed with AA. This delay resulted in an increase in the diagnosis of histologically evolved AA, but without an increase in the clinical complications of the disease


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Apendicite/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Diagnóstico Tardio , Apendicectomia
10.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 92(4): e1088, oct.-dic. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144523

RESUMO

En las últimas décadas se ha prestado mayor atención a los resultados de la actividad quirúrgica debido al peso económico que esta actividad genera en los servicios de salud, el avance ocurrido en la mejora de los cuidados perioperatorios y la creciente ocupación institucional por la calidad de la asistencia y la satisfacción de la población. A este propósito han contribuido el desarrollo y aplicación de guías de práctica clínica. Estas guías reducen la variación en los cuidados del paciente quirúrgico y aumentan su eficiencia, lo que permite que los pacientes se beneficien de iniciativas institucionales encaminadas a mejorar la calidad de la asistencia sanitaria. La apendicitis aguda es sin dudas la enfermedad que tipifica la atención quirúrgica de urgencia en la mayoría de los centros dedicados a la atención sanitaria de niños y adolescentes. Su frecuencia, variación en las características clínicas en los diferentes grupos de edad y los crecientes reportes sobre la posibilidad de tratarse por métodos no quirúrgicos, hizo necesaria una revisión del tema. En el IV Simposio Nacional de Cirugía Pediátrica (Varadero, Matanzas, 1- 3 de julio de 2019), fue presentada, discutida y aprobada una Guía de Práctica Clínica de Apendicitis Aguda en el niño. Compartir la guía a través de su publicación, permitiría a servicios de cirugía pediátrica emplearla como referencia, aplicarla en sus propias instituciones y beneficiar a un gran número de pacientes(AU)


In the last decades, it has been paied attention to the results of the surgical activity due to the economic weight this activity yields in the health services, the advances in the improvement of perioperative cares and the growing institutional occupation due to the quality in the care and the population´s satisfaction. The development and implementation of clinical practice guides have contributed to that purpose. These guides reduce the variation in the cares of surgical patients and increase their efficiency, which allows patients to be benefited by institutional initiatives aimed to improve health care´s quality. Acute appendicitis is, with no doubts, the disease that characterizes emergencie´s surgical care in most of the facilities devoted to children and adolescents´health care. Its frequency, the variation of clinical characteristics in the different age groups and the increasing reports on the possibility of being treated by non-surgical approaches makes necessary a review on the topic. At the IV National Symposium on Pediatric Surgery (Varadero, Matanzas, 2019 July 1-3), a Clinical Practice Guide for Acute Appendicitis was presented, discussed and approved. Sharing the guideline through publication would allow similar services to use it as a reference for applying the model in their own institutions, benefiting a greater number of patients(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Apendicite/epidemiologia , Guia de Prática Clínica , Cuba
12.
Asian J Surg ; 43(10): 1002-1005, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32863144

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of complicated appendicitis (including gangrene, abscess and perforation) after the outbreak of the 2019-nCoV epidemic and to identify the risk factors associated with complicated appendicitis. METHODS: Two groups were established in the study consisting of: one group for cases of acute appendicitis before the 2019-nCoV epidemic (before January 1, 2020; pre-epidemic group) and another group for those after the epidemic outbreak (after January 1, 2020; epidemic group). These two groups were compared in terms of demographic and clinical characteristics, prevalence of complicated appendicitis, and treatment intention. A multivariate analysis model using binary logistic regression was constructed. RESULTS: A total of 163 patients were included in this study, with 105 in the pre-epidemic group and 58 in the epidemic group. In the epidemic group, the interval from the onset of symptoms to admission was 65.0 h, which is significantly longer than the 17.3 h interval noted in the pre-epidemic group (P < 0.001). The prevalence of complicated appendicitis after the epidemic outbreak was significantly higher than before the outbreak (51.7% vs. 12.4%, P < 0.001). In addition, the epidemic group had a lower score of patient's intention to seek treatment than the pre-epidemic group (9.5 ± 2.7 vs. 3.4 ± 2.6, P < 0.001). Based on the multivariate analysis, the risk factors for complicated appendicitis included the time from symptoms onset to admission (OR = 1.075) and the patients' intention to receive treatment (OR = 0.541). CONCLUSION: Complicated appendicitis was more common in patients with acute appendicitis after the outbreak of the 2019-nCoV epidemic.


Assuntos
Apendicite/complicações , Apendicite/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Apendicite/diagnóstico , China , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
13.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 5-16, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To improve treatment outcomes in patients with acute appendicitis (AA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: An internet survey was performed. Questionnaire consisted of 15 questions concerning diagnosis and treatment of AA: application of prognostic scales, incidence and technical aspects of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA), antibiotic prophylaxis, postoperative management, compliance with international and national clinical guidelines. A total of 690 questionnaires were received and analyzed (3.67% of all surgeons in the Russian Federation). RESULTS: Eighteen percent of respondents use at least one prognostic scale. The vast majority of surgeons (92%) use antibiotic prophylaxis. Almost half of respondents place trocars in the triangulation position (44%), one third of surgeons ligate the mesentery of the appendix (35%), most respondents perform mesoappendectomy (60%) with monopolar and bipolar cautery. Forty-five percent of all respondents do not invert the appendix stump. Significant number of respondents use abdominal drainage routinely. Only 3.5% of surgeons use multimodal postoperative analgesia. Less than 22% of patients are operated under low-pressure pneumoperitoneum. Standardization of surgical technique and perioperative approaches including those specified in the guidelines is absent. We also found insufficient awareness of surgeons about international and national clinical guidelines. CONCLUSION: This study may be useful for standardizing treatment approaches, choosing the best practice, popularizing and improving of current clinical guidelines.


Assuntos
Apendicectomia/métodos , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Apendicite/cirurgia , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Apendicectomia/normas , Apendicite/terapia , Apêndice/cirurgia , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Internet , Laparoscopia , Assistência Perioperatória , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Federação Russa
14.
Scott Med J ; 65(4): 144-148, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: COVID-19 pandemic has predisposed patients undergoing surgery to post-operative infection and resultant complications. Appendicitis is frequently managed by appendicectomy. After the onset of the pandemic, selected cases of appendicitis were managed with antibiotics which is a recognised treatment option. Our objective was to compare the management of appendicitis and post-operative outcomes between pre- and post-COVID-19. METHODS: Ninety-six patients were identified from before the onset of the pandemic (November 2019) to after the onset of the pandemic (May 2020). Data were collected retrospectively from electronic records including demographics, investigations, treatment, duration of inpatient stay, complications, readmissions and compared between pre- and post-COVID-19 groups. RESULTS: One hundred percent underwent surgical treatment before the onset of pandemic, compared with 56.3% from the onset of the pandemic. A greater percentage of patients were investigated with imaging post-COVID-19 (100% versus 60.9%; p < 0.00001). There was no significant difference in the outcomes between the two groups. CONCLUSION: CT/MRI scan was preferred to laparoscopy in diagnosing appendicitis and conservative management of uncomplicated appendicitis was common practice after the onset of pandemic. Health boards can adapt their management of surgical conditions during pandemics without adverse short-term consequences. Long term follow-up of this cohort will identify patients suitable for conservative management.


Assuntos
Apendicectomia , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Apendicite/cirurgia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Seleção de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Padrões de Prática Médica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 92(3): e963, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126763

RESUMO

Introducción: La escala de Alvarado es una herramienta útil para estratificar pacientes pediátricos con dolor abdominal según riesgo de apendicitis aguda. Objetivo: Determinar las diferencias en el desempeño diagnóstico de la escala de Alvarado para la apendicitis aguda pediátrica según grupos de edad y sexo. Métodos: Estudio observacional, analítico y prospectivo, en 452 pacientes de 5 a 18 años de edad que ingresaron en el servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica del Hospital Pediátrico Docente Centro Habana, con diagnóstico de dolor abdominal o apendicitis aguda, entre enero de 2016-2017. La muestra se dividió en dos grupos: con apendicitis y sin apendicitis. Se usó el diagnóstico histológico como principal elemento discriminante. Resultados: El 54,8 por ciento de los pacientes con diagnóstico negativo de apendicitis aguda fueron adolescentes femeninas. A los 7 puntos de la escala como patrón de corte, para estas pacientes hubo menor sensibilidad con respecto a los adolescentes de sexo masculino y a los escolares de ambos sexos (44,9 por ciento vs. 64,1 por ciento 72,3 por ciento, y 71,2 por ciento, respectivamente). El área bajo la Curva de Características Operativas del Receptor fue de 0,918 para los escolares masculinos, significativamente superior al grupo de edad adolescente, en particular respecto a las adolescentes femeninas, con área bajo la curva de 0,802. Conclusiones: En los pacientes sin apendicitis hubo un predominio significativo de adolescentes femeninas. La escala tuvo un buen valor discriminativo en los escolares masculinos, comparativamente superior al grupo de edad adolescente, encontrándose el desempeño discriminativo más pobre en las adolescentes de sexo femenino(AU)


Introduction: The Scale of Alvarado is a useful tool to stratify pediatric patients with abdominal pain according to the risk of acute appendicits. Objective: To determine the differences in the diagnostic performance of the scale of Alvarado for acute apendicitis in children according to age and sex groups. Methods: Observational, analytic and prospective study in 452 patients in the ages from 5 to 18 years that were admitted with abdominal pain or acute appendicitis in the Pediatric Surgery service of Centro Habana Teaching-Pediatric Hospital from January 2016 to January 2017. The sample was divided in two groups: with appendicitis and without appendicitis. It was used the hystological diagnosis as the main differentiation element. Results: The 54.8 percent of the patients with negative diagnosis of acute apendicitis were female adolescents. For these patients, in the 7 points of the scale as a cut pattern there was less sensitivity than in the case of male adolescents and school chlidren of both sexes (44.9 percent vs. 64.1 72.3 percent and 71.2 percent), respectively. The area under the Curve of Operative Characteristics of the Receptor was of 0,918 for male school children, significantly superior to the group of adolescents age, particularly in comparisson with the female adolescents that had an area under the curve of 0,802. Conclusions: In the patients without appendicitis there was a significative predominance of female adolescents. The scale had a good value of differentiation in male school children, comparatively higher to the group of adolescents age, finding the poorest differentiattion performance in the female adolescents(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Curva ROC , Área Sob a Curva
17.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e961, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144436

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: La ultrasonografía es un procedimiento que utiliza ondas de sonido de alta energía para estudiar tejidos y órganos, formándose imágenes que permiten diagnosticar enfermedades. La eficacia en su implementación es útil para determinar acciones de intervención en procesos de salud. Objetivo: Determinar la eficacia del uso de la ultrasonografía asociada a características clínicas y epidemiológicas en pacientes con dolor abdominal agudo por apendicitis en el Centro Médico "Popular" Vinces. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio correlacional, descriptivo, de cohorte retrospectivo realizado durante 7 meses (enero a julio del 2019). La población estuvo constituida por 162 pacientes, se incluyó, además, a derivados con dolor abdominal agudo diagnosticados con apendicitis a través de la clínica y/o ultrasonografía del Centro Médico "Popular" Vinces. Resultados: De los 162 pacientes observados se intervinieron 157, diagnóstico anatomopatológico de apendicitis en 130. La sensibilidad de la ecografía con criterio de certeza y sospecha fue 96,7 por ciento. La muestra aleatoria piloto contenía 162 participantes de un total de 180 pacientes, mujeres (16,67 por ciento) y hombres (83,33 por ciento). Conclusiones: Se demostró que la ecografía abdominal es el método diagnóstico eficaz, de elección para este estudio por su sensibilidad y criterio de certeza, fácil acceso y costo mínimo, permitiéndose un control adecuado y seguimiento preventivo de las complicaciones, más aún en los casos, con cuadro clínico y laboratorio dudoso, con el fin de evitar posibles complicaciones y reducir los costos económicos durante su diagnóstico(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: This article is an extensive review of the different aspects of this pathology, acute appendicitis despite being the first cause of emergency abdominal surgery, the delay in diagnosis implies an increase in surgical interventions with perforated appendices and, therefore, an increase in morbidity and mortality. Objective: To present the results of the efficacy of the use of ultrasonography associated with clinical and epidemiological characteristics in patients with acute abdominal pain due to appendicitis at the "popular" Medical Center Vinces-Ecuador. Methods: A correlational, descriptive, Retrospective cohort study conducted for 7 months (January to July 2019), in which the study population included patients referred with acute abdominal pain diagnosed with appendicitis through the clinic and / or ultrasonography of the "popular" Vinces Medical Center, Ecuador. This population is constituted by 162 patients. Results: Of the 162 patients observed, 157 underwent surgery, an anatomopathological diagnosis of appendicitis in 130. The sensitivity of the ultrasound with criteria of certainty and suspicion was 96.7 percent. The pilot random sample contained 162 participants out of a total of 180 patients, women (16.67 percent) and men (83, 33 percent). Conclusion: it was shown that abdominal ultrasound is the effective diagnostic method of choice for this study because of its sensitivity and certainty, easy access and minimal cost, allowing adequate control and preventive monitoring of complications, even more so in cases, with symptoms. clinical and laboratory doubtful, in order to avoid possible complications and reduce economic costs during diagnosis(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Dor Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes
18.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 93(2): 118-122, ago. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-188368

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La apendicitis aguda (AA) es la urgencia quirúrgica abdominal más frecuente. No encontramos estudios específicos que evalúen el impacto de la pandemia causada por el coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2) sobre la AA y su tratamiento quirúrgico. Analizamos la influencia de esta nueva patología sobre la AA. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional retrospectivo en pacientes intervenidos por AA desde enero hasta abril de 2020. Fueron clasificados según el momento de la apendicectomía, antes de la declaración del estado de alarma (Pre-COVID19) y después de la declaración del estado de alarma (Post-COVID19) en España. Se evaluaron variables demográficas, duración de la sintomatología, tipo de apendicitis, tiempo quirúrgico, estancia hospitalaria y complicaciones postoperatorias. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 66 pacientes (41 Pre-COVID19; 25 Post-COVID19 con edad media de 10.7 ± 3 y 9.3 ± 3.1; p = 0.073; respectivamente). La fiebre se encontró en un mayor número de pacientes post-COVID19 (52 vs 19.5%; p = 0.013), así como una PCR más elevada (72.7 ± 96.2 vs 31.3 ± 36.2 mg/dl; p = 0.042). Este grupo presentó una mayor proporción de apendicitis complicada al compararle con el Pre-COVID19 (32 vs 7.3%; p = 0.015). La estancia media hospitalaria fue mayor en el grupo Post-COVID19 (5.6 ± 5.9 vs 3.3 ± 4.3 días; p = 0.041). No se encontraron diferencias en el tiempo de evolución de los síntomas ni en el tiempo quirúrgico. CONCLUSIONES: La pandemia por SARS-Cov-2 influye en el momento de diagnóstico de la apendicitis, así como en su grado de evolución y estancia hospitalaria. La peritonitis fue lo más frecuentemente observado. Una sospecha y orientación clínica más temprana, es necesaria para evitar un manejo inadecuado de este trastorno quirúrgico común


INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common abdominal surgical emergency. No specific studies have been found that evaluate the impact of the coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2) pandemic on AA and its surgical management. An analysis was made on the influence of this new pathology on the clinical course of AA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective observational study was conducted on patients operated on for AA from January to April 2020. They were classified according to the time of the appendectomy, before the declaration of the state of alarm (Pre-COVID-19), and after its declaration (Post-COVID-19) in Spain, one the most affected countries in the world. An evaluation was made of demographic variables, duration of symptoms, type of appendicitis, surgical time, hospital stay, and postoperative complications. RESULTS: The study included 66 patients (41 Pre-COVID-19; 25 Post-COVID-19) with mean age of 10.7 ± 3 and 9.3 ± 3.1; P = .073, respectively. Fever was found in a higher number of post-COVID-19 patients (52 vs 19.5%; P = .013), as well as a higher CRP (72.7 ± 96.2 vs 31.3±36.2 mg/dL; P = .042). This group presented with a higher proportion of complicated appendicitis when compared to Pre-COVID-19 (32 vs 7.3%; P = .015). The mean hospital stay was longer in the Post- COVID-19 group (5.6 ± 5.9 vs 3.2 ± 4.3 days; P = .041). No differences were found in the time of onset of symptoms or surgical time. Conclusions. The SARS-Cov-2 pandemic influenced the time of diagnosis of appendicitis, as well as its course, and mean hospital stay. Peritonitis was more frequently seen. As a result of the significant circumstances, delaying diagnosis and treatment of AA during SARS-Cov-2 pandemic, inappropriate management of this common surgical disorder has been noticed


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Pandemias , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Apendicite/cirurgia , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doença Aguda
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