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3.
West J Emerg Med ; 21(3): 595-599, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32421506

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To study diversity of researchers and barriers to success among Emergency Medicine Foundation (EMF) grant recipients in the last 10 years. METHODS: EMF grant awardees were approached to complete a brief survey, which included demographics, queries related to contributions to the literature, success in obtaining grants, and any perceived barriers they encountered. RESULTS: Of the 342 researchers contacted by email, a total of 147 completed the survey for a response rate of 43%. The respondents were predominately mid to late career white-male-heterosexual-Christian with an average age of 44 years (range 25-69 years of age). With regards to training and education, the majority of respondents (50%) were either Associate or Professor clinical rank (8% instructor/resident/fellow and 31% Assistant). Sixty-two percent of the respondents reported perceived barriers to career advancement since completion of residency. The largest perceived barrier to success was medical specialty (26%), followed by gender (21%) and age (16%). CONCLUSION: Our survey of EMF grant recipients in the last 10 years shows a considerable lack of diversity. The most commonly perceived barriers to career advancement by this cohort were medical specialty, gender, and age. An opportunity exists for further definition of barriers and development of mechanisms to overcome them, with a goal of increased success for those that are underrepresented.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Medicina de Emergência , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Pesquisadores , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto , Adulto , Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Barreiras de Comunicação , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/economia , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisadores/classificação , Pesquisadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/métodos , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/organização & administração , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
4.
Farm. hosp ; 44(1): 20-25, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187488

RESUMO

Hoy en día, la comunicación científica se está viendo enriquecida debido a la utilización de nuevos modos de almacenamiento, publicación y difusión de los resultados. Entre ellos se encuentran las denominadas plataformas de perfiles académicos, dentro de las cuales se encuadrarían Scopus author ID, ORCID, Publons y Kudos y, por otro lado, las redes sociales de investigación, entre las que se incluirían ResearchGate, Academia.edu y Google Scholar citations. Estas herramientas tienen como principal objetivo aumentar la visibilidad e impacto de los contenidos y publicaciones. Son páginas web multidisciplinares que contienen perfiles investigadores individuales con hipervínculos en red a revistas, bases de datos y otras fuentes. En algunos casos incluyen indicadores bibliométricos, que permiten medir el impacto causado por un trabajo a partir de la literatura. En este artículo se comparan las principales plataformas online, así como algunas de las redes sociales de investigación que existen hoy día para la creación de perfiles de investigación


Nowadays, scientific communication is enriched by the use of new ways of storing, publishing and disseminating research findings. Said new ways of scientific communication are known as the so-called academic profile platforms, which include Scopus author ID, ORCID, Publons and Kudos and on the other hand-social research networks, including ResearchGate, Academia.edu and Google Scholar citations. These tools have a main objective: enhancing both visibility and impact of contents and publications. They are multidisciplinary web pages that contain individual research profiles with network hyperlinks to magazines, databases and other sources. In some cases, bibliometric indicators are included, which allow measuring the impact caused by studies based on literature. This study compares the main online platforms, as well as some of the social research networks that currently exist for the creation of research profiles


Assuntos
Humanos , Pesquisa/instrumentação , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/métodos , Rede Social , Sistemas On-Line , Comunicação Acadêmica , Bibliometria , Acesso à Internet
7.
Anesth Analg ; 129(6): 1761-1766, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743198

RESUMO

With a difficult National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding climate, the pipeline of physician-scientists in Anesthesiology is continuing to get smaller with fewer new entrants. This article studies current NIH funding trends and offers potential solutions to continue the historical trend of academic innovation and research that has characterized academic Anesthesiology. Using publicly available data, specifically the NIH REPORTeR and Blue Ridge Institute for Medical Research, we examined NIH trends in funding in academic Anesthesiology departments that have Anesthesiology residency training programs. When adjusted for inflation, median NIH funding of departments of Anesthesiology declined approximately 15% between 2008 and 2017. The majority (55%) of NIH funding to academic Anesthesiology departments, including R01 and K-series grants, went to 10 departments in the United States. This trend has remained relatively constant for the 9-year period we studied (2009-2017). There is an inequitable distribution of NIH funding to Anesthesiology departments. Arguably, this may be a case of the "rich get richer," but the implications for those who are trying to become or remain NIH-funded investigators are that success may depend, in part, on securing a faculty position in one of these well-funded departments.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/tendências , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , National Institutes of Health (U.S.)/tendências , Médicos/tendências , Pesquisadores/tendências , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/tendências , Anestesiologia/economia , Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Administração Financeira/economia , Administração Financeira/tendências , Humanos , National Institutes of Health (U.S.)/economia , Médicos/economia , Pesquisadores/economia , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/métodos , Estados Unidos
10.
Healthc Manage Forum ; 32(6): 323-325, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266346

RESUMO

Clinical research is funded by industry, governments, charities, and hospitals. It is important to know the economic commitment of the various funding bodies, but until now there has been no national source available which provides these data. We surveyed the major funders to provide such a measure. There is evidence that government and charity funding of medical research is a trigger for private sector research investment; therefore, tracking all sources of funding for clinical research will provide policy-makers with an overall picture of health research funding. These data support policy decision-making related to clinical research in Canada.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto , Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Canadá , Instituições de Caridade/economia , Instituições de Caridade/organização & administração , Financiamento Governamental/economia , Financiamento Governamental/organização & administração , Humanos , Formulação de Políticas , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/métodos , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/organização & administração
11.
J Comp Eff Res ; 8(6): 441-453, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947528

RESUMO

Patient engagement often starts after research funding is secured with little or no involvement of patients in the proposal development phase. This paper compares three levels of patient engagement and describes patients' early engagement in research proposal development process and its contemporary relevance to clinical and translational research. Authentic patient engagement is illustrated using an example of an ongoing pragmatic clinical trial. The paper also addresses key patient considerations and questions that have an impact on the proposal development. The final section presents strategies to overcome challenges to the patients' early engagement in research proposal development approach from the perspectives of both patients and researchers. Although the examples are from comparative effectiveness research, strategies discussed can be applied to all clinical and translational research.


Assuntos
Participação do Paciente/métodos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/métodos , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Humanos , Relatório de Pesquisa
13.
PLoS Biol ; 17(1): e3000065, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30601806

RESUMO

Scientific research funding is allocated largely through a system of soliciting and ranking competitive grant proposals. In these competitions, the proposals themselves are not the deliverables that the funder seeks, but instead are used by the funder to screen for the most promising research ideas. Consequently, some of the funding program's impact on science is squandered because applying researchers must spend time writing proposals instead of doing science. To what extent does the community's aggregate investment in proposal preparation negate the scientific impact of the funding program? Are there alternative mechanisms for awarding funds that advance science more efficiently? We use the economic theory of contests to analyze how efficiently grant proposal competitions advance science, and compare them with recently proposed, partially randomized alternatives such as lotteries. We find that the effort researchers waste in writing proposals may be comparable to the total scientific value of the research that the funding supports, especially when only a few proposals can be funded. Moreover, when professional pressures motivate investigators to seek funding for reasons that extend beyond the value of the proposed science (e.g., promotion, prestige), the entire program can actually hamper scientific progress when the number of awards is small. We suggest that lost efficiency may be restored either by partial lotteries for funding or by funding researchers based on past scientific success instead of proposals for future work.


Assuntos
Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/economia , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/métodos , Distinções e Prêmios , Eficiência , Humanos , Pesquisadores , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/tendências , Redação
14.
J Public Health (Oxf) ; 40(suppl_2): ii12-ii15, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30551132

RESUMO

Background: The IDRC 'Strengthening Equity through Applied Research Capacity building in eHealth' (SEARCH) funded seven research projects in Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lebanon, Peru and Vietnam that sought to answer questions or test solutions related to the use of Internet or mobile phone technology in strengthening health systems. The evaluation accompanied these projects over two years to answer, among others, the question how cross-grant learning interactions influenced project outcomes. Methods: The evaluation team conducted repeated interviews and on-line questionnaire surveys with the research teams and analysed the information exchanges among researchers on a SharePoint site established by IDRC. Results: The expectations of the SEARCH program in terms of cross-project learning were only partially realized. The diversity of themes, language barriers and differences in context were cited as main reasons. Non-facilitated active cross-grant networking was only observed between two teams working in English on thematically similar issues. However, networking among all projects was active during two program workshops organized by IDRC. Conclusions: Networking among research teams can increase the quality and the applicability of health systems research and potentially promote knowledge translation. Spontaneous networking across language barriers is, however, difficult. Effective global research networks require dedicated human and financial resources to keep them vibrant and alive. Keywords: e-health, refugees.


Assuntos
Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/métodos , Telemedicina , Telefone Celular , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Países em Desenvolvimento , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Relações Interinstitucionais , Cooperação Internacional , Internet , Entrevistas como Assunto , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/métodos , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/organização & administração , Telemedicina/métodos
16.
J Womens Health (Larchmt) ; 27(11): 1342-1348, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307789

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prior studies have shown that sex bias exists with subject enrollment in clinical trials, with more men being enrolled than women. The objective of this study was to identify if sex bias continues to exist in present day clinical trials entered into ClinicalTrials.gov . We hypothesize that males and females are not equally represented in recent clinical trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were abstracted from all interventional Phase I, II, and III clinical trials with adult subjects entered into ClinicalTrials.gov from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013 and completed by November 30, 2015. Number and sex of subjects, funding source, allocation, end point classification, interventional model, and purpose were recorded. Studies pertaining to diseases that were sex specific were excluded. RESULTS: Of 1,668 studies included in the initial search, 167 were excluded due to sex-specific study topic. Of the remaining 1,501 studies, 177,656 (51.1%) male and 170,331 (49.0%) female subjects were included. There was a significant difference in the sex of the subjects included in Phase I (64.1% male/35.9% female), Phase II (48.4% male/51.6% female), and Phase III (51.0% male/49.1% female) clinical trials (p < 0.05). Similarly, there was a significant difference in the sex of the subjects included in industry (50.7% male/49.3% female), National Institutes of Health (NIH) (56.6% male/43.4% female), "Other US Federal" (62.5% male/37.5% female), and "Other" funded (53.4% male/46.6% female) clinical trials (p < 0.0001), as well as between randomized (50.5% male/49.6% female) and nonrandomized (54.8% male/45.2% female) clinical trials (p < 0.0001). Upon evaluating if the sex of the subjects included in the individual clinical trials was equally matched, we found that only 4.1% of clinical trials had 100% sex matching, 22.2% had 80% sex matching, and 56.5% had 50% sex matching. Using a liberal 50% sex-matching criteria, Phase III and II clinical trials matched the sex of the subjects more frequently compared to Phase I trials (60.8%, 57.8%, and 45.5%, respectively, p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: These data reveal that sex bias is present in current day clinical trials. Despite legislation requiring NIH-funded clinical trials to include women, NIH-funded trials were not better than industry-funded trials at matching the inclusion of both sexes.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Seleção de Pacientes/ética , Sexismo , Adulto , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/organização & administração , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos de Pesquisa , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/métodos , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Sexismo/ética , Sexismo/prevenção & controle , Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
17.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 67(6): 767-772, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30234757

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Available published advice on use of incentives is limited and generally refers to short-term studies without longer follow-up, predominantly conducted in developed countries. We aim to summarize published information related to the use of incentives in long-term nutrition studies involving infants, children, and adolescents and the views of researchers in the field, to provide guidance on acceptable incentives. We conducted a literature review and a short online survey of researchers regarding their opinions on the use of incentives in paediatric long-term (follow-up) clinical studies. Responses from 38 researchers from 14 different countries indicated that 41% had used incentives to increase participation and 29% to 73%, depending on child's age and type of procedure, thought incentives may be used to increase compliance with follow-up visits. A small number of respondents thought incentives would not be approved by national ethics boards. Based on the literature review and the survey results, and European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition working group concluded that incentives for children and adolescents up to the value of 30 Euros, based on average EU income levels, may be offered as cash, vouchers, or age-appropriate gifts or toys, in addition to reimbursing expenses. Additional incentives may be offered if a study includes more burdening procedures, techniques that may appear frightening for younger children, or requires sustained participation (eg, dietary diaries or activity monitoring). There was agreement that it is preferable to give toys or gifts rather than money to younger children.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Ciências da Nutrição Infantil/economia , Reembolso de Incentivo , Sujeitos da Pesquisa/psicologia , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Motivação , Seleção de Pacientes
18.
Prog Community Health Partnersh ; 12(4): 473-482, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739901

RESUMO

THE PROBLEM: Dissemination is a key component of translational research. However, research participants rarely receive findings from the studies in which they have participated. Funding agencies have a significant amount of influence to promote research dissemination through requirements, recommendations, and tools. However, it is not clear to what extent current funding agencies promote dissemination to study participants.Purpose of Article: A review of major health research funders was conducted to ascertain the current policies, recommendations, and tools related to 1) academic dissemination, 2) lay community dissemination, and 3) returning results to research participants. KEY POINTS: Several agencies have policies, recommendations, and tools for academic dissemination; however, few have the same policies, recommendations, and tools for dissemination to research participants and the lay communities they are recruited from. CONCLUSIONS: Funding agencies have a unique opportunity to encourage the dissemination of research results to research participants and lay community audiences by developing policies to increase dissemination of grantees' research findings.


Assuntos
Órgãos Governamentais/organização & administração , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Política Organizacional , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/organização & administração , Pesquisa Médica Translacional/economia , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S./organização & administração , Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, U.S./organização & administração , Humanos , National Institutes of Health (U.S.)/organização & administração , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/métodos , Pesquisa Médica Translacional/métodos , Pesquisa Médica Translacional/organização & administração , Estados Unidos , United States Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality/organização & administração , United States Department of Agriculture/organização & administração , United States Department of Defense/organização & administração , United States Department of Veterans Affairs/organização & administração , United States Food and Drug Administration/organização & administração , United States Health Resources and Services Administration/organização & administração
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