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1.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 803-816, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047569

RESUMO

A formação de Redes Sociais Virtuais (RSVs) em comunidades como o Facebook tornou-se um importante instrumento de busca por socialização e informação. Este artigo apresenta dados sobre fontes de informação utilizadas por responsáveis de crianças com Transtorno do Espectro Autista (TEA) e como essas interferem na percepção de suporte interpessoal e nos processos de governança em saúde. No estudo quantitativo, participaram 90 membros das três maiores RSVs sobre TEA. Para a coleta de dados foi utilizado questionário semiestruturado, cujas respostas foram quantificadas para melhor visualização. Os resultados demonstraram que a participação nessas redes é a principal fonte de informação para metade dos participantes, especialmente para a parcela da população com menor renda; 70/90 voluntários informaram se sentir amparados pelos parceiros de RSV e 63/90 se sentem desamparados pela sociedade em geral. Este fenômeno pode ser explicado pela formação de laços sociais marcados pela reciprocidade de situações vividas.


The formation of Virtual Social Networks (RSVs) in communities as Facebook has become an important tool for searching for socialization and information. This article presents data on the sources of information used by those responsible for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and how they interfere in the perception of interpersonal support and health governance processes. In the quantitative study, 90 members from the 3 largest RSVs on ASD participated. For the data collection, a semi-structured questionnaire was used. Responses were quantified to facilitate visualization of the data. The results showed that participation in these networks is the main source of information for half of the participants, especially for the portion of the population with lower income; 70/90 volunteers reported feeling supported by RSV partners and 63/90 reported feeling helpless by society in general. A phenomenon that can be explained by the formation of social bonds marked by the reciprocity of lived situations.


La formación de Redes Sociales Virtuales (RSVs) en comunidades como Facebook se ha convertido en un importante instrumento de búsqueda de socialización e información. Este artículo presenta datos sobre fuentes de información utilizadas por responsables de niños con trastorno del espectro autista (TEA), y cómo interfieren en la percepción de soporte interpersonal y en los procesos de gobernanza en salud. Se trató de estudio cuantitativo, participaron 90 miembros de las 3 mayores RSVs sobre TEA. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó un cuestionario semiestructurado. Las respuestas se cuantificaron para facilitar la visualización de los datos. Los resultados demostraron que la participación en esas redes es la principal fuente de información para la mitad de los participantes, especialmente para la parcela de la población con menores ingresos; 70/90 voluntarios informaron sentirse amparados por los socios de RSV y 63/90 informaron sentirse desamparados por la sociedad en general. Fenómeno que puede ser explicado por la formación de lazos sociales marcados por la reciprocidad de situaciones vividas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Apoio Social , Governança Clínica , Rede Social , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Relações Interpessoais , Socialização , Comportamento , Criança , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Pessoal de Saúde , Comunicação , Internet , Acesso à Informação , Mídias Sociais , Governança
2.
Lakartidningen ; 1162019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593289

RESUMO

The medical and nursing care of preterm infants has improved over the last decades, including the involvement of parents in the daily care. Previously parents could only visit a few scheduled hours per day but today most neonatal units in Sweden strive to let the parents be the primary caregivers, with the right to stay at the unit during the entire hospitalization period. Despite this development, there is still need for a number of improvements, not only in the neonatal care but also during the complicated pregnancy.


Assuntos
Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/organização & administração , Poder Familiar , Nascimento Prematuro , Papel (figurativo) , Aleitamento Materno , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Pai , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Mães , Alta do Paciente , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Gravidez , Apoio Social , Suécia
3.
J Music Ther ; 56(4): 348-380, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605612

RESUMO

Music therapy research with youth who are grieving often reports on a combination of interventions, such as lyric analysis, improvisation, and/or songwriting. Unfortunately, the lack of theoretical transparency in how and why these interventions affect targeted outcomes limits interpretation and application of this important research. In this exploratory study, the authors evaluated the impact of an 8-session, theory-driven group songwriting program on protective factors in adolescent bereavement, and also sought to better understand adolescents' experiences of the program. Using a single-group, pretest-posttest convergent mixed methods design, participants were enrolled from three study sites and included 10 adolescents (five girls and five boys), ages 11-17 years, who self-identified as grieving a loss. Outcomes measured included grief, coping, emotional expression, self-esteem, and meaning making. Qualitative data were captured through in-session journaling and semi-structured interviews. There were no statistically significant improvements for grief, self-esteem, coping, and meaning making. Individual score trends suggested improvements in grief. The majority of the participants reported greater inhibition of emotional expression, and this was statistically significant. Thematic findings revealed that the program offered adolescents a sense of togetherness, a way to safely express grief-related emotions and experiences verbally and nonverbally, and opportunities for strengthening music and coping skills. These findings suggest that engaging in collaborative therapeutic songwriting with grieving peers may decrease levels of grief, enhance creative expression, and provide social support. More research is needed on measuring self-esteem, emotional expression, coping, and meaning making outcomes in ways that are meaningful to adolescents.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Luto , Emoções , Musicoterapia/métodos , Redação , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Pesar , Humanos , Masculino , Música , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Autoimagem , Apoio Social
4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(10): 1059-1062, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607056

RESUMO

Research participants were recruited at 16 elderly activity centers among three cities in Macao, Hong Kong and Guangzhou. A total of 324 people were surveyed, with women ≥ 55 years old and men ≥ 60 years old; There were 90, 100 and 134 in Macao, Hong Kong and Guangzhou respectively. The median (P(25), P(75)) score of the social support rating scale (SSRS) for the elderly was 30 (25, 38) for Macao, 24 (20, 29) for Hong Kong and 30 (26, 37) for Guangzhou respectively. The elderly in Macao and Guangzhou had a higher proportion of the SSRS in the middle and high groups (85.20%, 84.50%) when compared to the elderly in Hong Kong (62.10%) (P<0.05). The city, marital status, and personal well-being index are related to SSRS scores.


Assuntos
Satisfação Pessoal , Apoio Social , Idoso , China , Cidades , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Macau , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
5.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 2): 1747-1751, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Previous research shows that the role of perceived social support, defined as individuals' confidence of the availability of adequate support when needed, is considered as a protective external resource to promote better adaptation in psychiatric patients. The aim of our study was to reveal the features of patients with endogenous mental disorders regarding their ability to perceive social support. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: A total of 168 patients with schizophrenia (F.20) and 75 patients with affective disorders (F30.F.33) were involved into this study under informed consent conditions. Control group included 55 mentally healthy respondents. Perceived social support was measured using Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) by Zimet (1998). RESULTS: Results: Family, friends and significant others become main donors of social support for patients with endogenous mental disorders. Meanwhile, perceived social support in patients with schizophrenia is mostly coming from family. In patients with affective disorders, indicators of perceived social support from friends and significant others are significantly higher compared to patients with schizophrenia (P <0.001). Revealed features can be used while developing appropriate psychoeducational programs for patients with endogenous mental disorders. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: On the basis of revealed data, the key features of ability to perceive social support in patients with endogenous mental disorders, depending on the duration of the disease, were determined. It has been revealed that ability to perceive social support in patients with endogenous mental disorders decreases with prolongation of duration of the disease.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Apoio Social , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Transtornos do Humor , Percepção , Esquizofrenia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17518, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626112

RESUMO

Little is known about the relationship between levels of self-esteem and the development of depression in young adults. The present study investigated the relationship between self-esteem and depression to determine whether self-esteem levels are a risk factor for the development of depression in young adults. This study was conducted with 113 college students aged 19 to 35 (major depressive disorder (MDD) n = 44, Mild Depressive Symptoms (MDS) n = 37, Healthy Control n = 32). The levels of clinical symptoms, self-esteem, resilience, social support, and quality of life, as well as personality traits, were assessed (by Patient Health Questionnaire-9, generalized anxiety disease-7, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-S, Resilience Appraisal Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Quality of Life, and NEO-personality inventory (NEO-PI)). The MDS group with high self-esteem reported having the lowest levels of social support, resilience, agreeableness, and extraversion compared to those of the MDD group and control group with high self-esteem. In contrast, the MDS group with low self-esteem showed no differences in social support, resilience, agreeableness and openness according to the NEO-PI scale. Sex and age had no significant impact on the results. Levels of self-esteem are strongly associated with the development of depression. Results suggest that early intervention for depression in young adults needs to focus on improving their levels of social support, resilience, and positive domains of personality. Further studies on the effects of high self-esteem in the development of depression are warranted.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia , Autoimagem , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Personalidade , Inventário de Personalidade , Qualidade de Vida , Resiliência Psicológica , Fatores de Risco , Apoio Social , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3185, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596418

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to understand the phenomenon of marital violence based on the experience of women in judicial process and network professionals. METHOD: a qualitative study, with theoretical-methodological support in grounded theory. Data collection took place in two regional Courts for Peace in the Home in a municipality of the Brazilian Northeast. Interviews were conducted with 38 participants, who composed two sample groups: women in situations of violence and network professionals. RESULTS: the understanding of marital violence emerged for the phenomenon "Experiencing marital violence as a progressive and cyclical process, with repercussions for health and implications for social relations". CONCLUSION: in recognizing marital violence as a recurring problem in the life of women, with implications for their own health and that of their children, the study points to the relevance of coping strategies based on institutional and social support.


Assuntos
Rede Social , Apoio Social , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Brasil , Feminino , Teoria Fundamentada , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/prevenção & controle , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 561-565, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642236

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the effects of social capital on depressive symptoms of elderly patients with chronic diseases in urbanized communities, and to explore preventive measures to promote their mental health. METHODS: A multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to extract 740 elderly patients with chronic diseases in the urbanized communities in Chengdu and Kunming. The questionnaire survey was conducted by using the center of depression rating scale (CES-D) and the self-made social capital scale. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the impact of urbanized residents' social capital on depressive symptoms. RESULTS: The self-made social capital scale has good reliability and validity. The incidence of depressive symptoms in this study was 24.9%. The incidence of depressive symptoms in elderly females with chronic diseases was higher (P < 0.05); the residents with high "sense of social trust and security" had lower risk of incidence of depressive symptoms 〔odds ratio (OR)=0.489〕; the residents with higher "community belonging" had a lower risk of incidence of depressive symptoms (OR=0.570), and the residents with higher "social support" scores had a lower risk of incidence of depressive symptoms (OR=0.233). CONCLUSION: Targeted measures should be taken to intervene in the social capital factors affecting the depressive symptoms of elderly patients with chronic diseases in urbanized communities to improve their mental health.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Capital Social , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana
9.
Am J Bioeth ; 19(11): 29-31, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661403

Assuntos
Apoio Social , Humanos
11.
14.
Am J Bioeth ; 19(11): 27-29, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661419
16.
Am J Bioeth ; 19(11): 31-32, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647759

Assuntos
Apoio Social , Humanos
17.
Am J Bioeth ; 19(11): 32-34, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647761
18.
Am J Bioeth ; 19(11): 48-49, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647764
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(9): 1168-1172, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594167

RESUMO

Stroke has caused a heavy disease burden across the world, and it has become a worldwide public health problem. Several studies have assessed the relationship between psychological and social factors and risk of stroke so far. This paper summarizes the progress in epidemiological research on the relationship between psychological and social factors (depression, psycho-social stress, anxiety, loneliness, psychological distress, social support, social isolation, and social network) and the risk for stroke, the results of these studies were inconsistent. Most studies showed an association between these factors and the incidence of stroke, but there were still some studies showing no such association.


Assuntos
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Ansiedade , Depressão , Humanos , Apoio Social , Estresse Psicológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia
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