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1.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(5): 468-477, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139209

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: El egreso de un médico general competente demanda que desde el pregrado aprenda a solucionar los problemas de salud más prevalentes. Objetivo: Diseñar un sistema de tareas docentes que contribuya a que el estudiante de Medicina desarrolle la habilidad de solucionar problemas de salud de carácter urgente presentes en el paciente adulto. Método: En el curso escolar 2017-2018, en el servicio de Medicina Intensiva del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Agostinho Neto" se realizó un estudio de corte transversal y con enfoque cualitativo. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos, empíricos y matemático-estadísticos. Se hizo un pre-experimento en el que se aplicó un sistema de tareas docentes dirigido a satisfacer el objetivo que se declaró, en el que participaron 25 estudiantes seleccionados aleatoriamente. Resultados: La autoevaluación del estudiante y su examen de desempeño mostró que en el 64,0 % de ellos mejoró su preparación para este fin y logró el desarrollo de la habilidad. Conclusiones: Se fundamenta desde el punto de vista teórico que la solución de estos problemas de salud de carácter urgente adquiere el carácter de habilidad profesional para el médico dada su implicación en el modo de actuación profesional. Se diseña un sistema de tareas docentes que posibilita esta aspiración y se demuestra su viabilidad para su instrumentación en la práctica pedagógica.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The graduation of competent general practitioners demand from them the learning of skills to solve the most common urgent health issues from early stages of the undergraduate level. Objective: To design a system of teaching tasks aiming to the development of problem-solving skills in the medicine student regarding common urgent health problems in adult patients. Method: During the school year 2017-2018, a qualitative-focused cross-sectional study was undertaken in the intensive care service at the General Teaching Hospital ¨Dr. Agostinho Neto¨. In the research, theoretical, empirical and mathematical-statistical methods were used. A pre experiment was carried out, applying a system of teaching tasks aimed to the goals already set, in a group of 25 randomly-selected students. Results: Self-evaluation of the students, and their performance in the exams showed an improvement in 64.0% of them, and the development of the skills required. Conclusions: From a theoretical point of view, is obvious that the resolution of urgent health problems is a keystone skill in the practitioners, due to the importance it has in their career. On that path, a system of tasks is developed in order to show the students how to improve on these skills, and the viability to make this tasks into the current teaching program is proved.


Assuntos
Humanos , Aptidão , Resolução de Problemas , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudos Transversais
2.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 370-377, mayo 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Political Skills Inventory (PSI) is a measurement tool for assessing four dimensions associated with political skills: social astuteness, interpersonal influence, networking ability and apparent sincerity (Ferris, 2005). METHOD: In the present study, multi-sample and multi-method, we developed and analyzed the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the (PSI), by performing both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Additionally, a longitudinal reliability test and a sex factorial invariance test were performed. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha and omega indices revealed satisfactory reliability and exploratory factor analyses extracted the four original factors as reported in other studies (N = 309). Confirmatory factorial analyses confirmed that the four-factor solution presented the best fit to our data (N = 248). CONCLUSIONS: We add new evidence for time and sex invariance of the measure, showing that the PSI can be considered a stable and valid measure over time and across sex


INTRODUCCIÓN: El inventario de habilidades políticas (PSI, siglas en inglés) es una medida para calibrar cuatro dimensiones relacionadas con es-te constructo: la astucia social, la capacidad de influencia interpersonal, la habilidad para establecer contactos y la sinceridad aparente (Ferris, David-son & Perrewé, 2005). MÉTODO: En el presente estudio, multi-muestra y multimétodo, sendos análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio se han llevado a cabo sobre dos muestras, una primera compuesta por trabajadores de varios ramos (recogido en tres etapas, con una edad media comprendida entre 43.66 y 44.70 años, DT = 9.42 - 10.22, y un porcentaje de mujeres entre 57.3 - 58.4%) y una segunda por trabajadores del sector salud (Mage = 35.56, SD = 7.23; 80.6% women), para desarrollar y testar las propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del PSI. Adicionalmente, se llevó a cabo una prueba de fiabilidad longitudinal y un análisis de invarianza relativo al género. RESULTADOS: Los índices alpha de Cronbach (cuyos valores oscilaron entre 0.83-0.90 en nuestros datos, y entre 0.73-0.87 en la versión original) y omega (0.85 para el total de la escala) revelaron un grado de fiabilidad satisfactoria. El análisis factorial exploratorio extrajo los cuatro factores de la versión original, tal y como ya ha sido reportado en otros estudios (N = 309). El análisis factorial confirmatorio confirmó que el ajuste de dicha estructura fue el mejor frente a los datos (N = 248). CONCLUSIONES: Con este estudio se añade evidencia al estudio de la invarianza de género y la estabilidad temporal de esta medida, mostrando que la versión española del PSI puede ser considerada una medida estable y válida a través del tiempo y relativa al género


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Inventário de Personalidade/normas , Aptidão , Política , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/normas , Análise Fatorial , Inquéritos e Questionários , 16054/psicologia , Traduções , Avaliação de Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Poder Psicológico
3.
Interv. psicosoc. (Internet) ; 29(3): 133-139, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-194490

RESUMO

Emotional intelligence has been shown to be a relevant resource associated with better personal and social adaptation. In older adults, it has been associated with constructs such as life satisfaction and resilience, which are of interest in the field of gerontology because of their impact during the aging process. The objective of this study is to test an intervention based on emotional intelligence in order to find out whether the levels of these abilities improve, and whether the intervention has an effect on resilience and life satisfaction. The sample was composed of 125 healthy older adults (treatment, n = 57 and control, n = 68). The variables studied were homogeneous between groups. These variables were evaluated using the TMMS-24, SWLS, and BRCS self-report tests. The results showed significant effects of the intervention on the treatment group. Attention levels decreased significantly, whereas clarity and repair increased. In addition, the average scores on resilience and life satisfaction increased. An emotional intelligence-based intervention improves skills of older adults in its three dimensions. In addition, after the intervention, there is an increase in life satisfaction and resilience. Emotional intelligence skills are considered to generate positive, cognitive and behavioral outcomes for adaptation during aging. Thus interventions of this type could contribute to the quality of life of older adults, a topic of great relevance today due to increased longevity


Se ha demostrado que la inteligencia emocional es un recurso relevante asociado a una mejor adaptación personal y social. En adultos mayores se ha asociado con constructos tales como la satisfacción vital y la resiliencia, que son de interés en el campo de la gerontología debido a su impacto durante el proceso de envejecimiento. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar una intervención basada en inteligencia emocional para determinar si los niveles de estas habilidades mejoran y si la intervención tiene efecto sobre la resiliencia y la satisfacción vital. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 125 adultos mayores sanos (tratamiento, n = 57 y control, n = 68). No existían diferencias entre los grupos al iniciar la intervención en las variables estudiadas. Estas variables se evaluaron mediante las pruebas de autoinforme TMMS-24, SWLS y BRCS. Los resultados mostraron un efecto significativo de la intervención en el grupo tratamiento. El nivel de atención disminuyó significativamente, mientras que la claridad y la reparación aumentaron. Además, aumentó la puntuación media en resiliencia y satisfacción vital del grupo tratamiento. La intervención basada en inteligencia emocional mejora las habilidades de los adultos mayores en sus tres dimensiones. Además, después de la intervención, aumenta la puntuación en satisfacción vital y resiliencia. Se considera que las habilidades de inteligencia emocional generan resultados cognitivos y conductuales positivos para la adaptación durante el envejecimiento. Así, esta intervención puede contribuir a la calidad de vida en adultos mayores, siendo este un tema de gran importancia debido al aumento en la longevidad


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aptidão/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional , Satisfação Pessoal , Resiliência Psicológica , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Psicometria
4.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237808, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866209

RESUMO

In this study, we performed an analysis of the impact of performance enhancing polymorphisms (PEPs) on gymnastic aptitude while considering epistatic effects. Seven PEPs (rs1815739, rs8192678, rs4253778, rs6265, rs5443, rs1076560, rs362584) were considered in a case (gymnasts)-control (sedentary individuals) setting. The study sample comprised of two athletes' sets: 27 elite (aged 24.8 ± 2.1 years) and 46 sub-elite (aged 19.7 ± 2.4 years) sportsmen as well as a control group of 245 sedentary individuals (aged 22.5 ± 2.1 years). The DNA was derived from saliva and PEP alleles were determined by PCR, RT-PCR. Following Multifactor Dimensionality Reduction, logistic regression models were built. The synergistic effect for rs1815739 x rs362584 reached 5.43%. The rs1815739 x rs362584 epistatic regression model exhibited a good fit to the data (Chi-squared = 33.758, p ≈ 0) achieving a significant improvement in sportsmen identification over naïve guessing. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.715 (Z-score = 38.917, p ≈ 0). In contrast, the additive ACTN3 -SNAP-25 logistic regression model has been verified as non-significant. We demonstrate that a gene involved in the differentiation of muscle architecture-ACTN3 and a gene, which plays an important role in the nervous system-SNAP-25 interact. From the perspective originally established by the Berlin Academy of Science in 1751, the matter of communication between the brain and muscles via nerves adopts molecular manifestations. Further in-vitro investigations are required to explain the molecular details of the rs1815739 -rs362584 interaction.


Assuntos
Actinina/genética , Aptidão , Epistasia Genética , Ginástica/fisiologia , Proteína 25 Associada a Sinaptossoma/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Área Sob a Curva , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Entropia , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Modelos Genéticos , Redução Dimensional com Múltiplos Fatores , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Adulto Jovem
5.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238230, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898854

RESUMO

In a cross-sectional study of youth ages 8-15, we examined implicit and explicit gender stereotypes regarding math and language abilities. We investigated how implicit and explicit stereotypes differ across age and gender groups and whether they are consistent with cultural stereotypes. Participants (N = 270) completed the Affect Misattribution Procedure (AMP) and a survey of explicit beliefs. Across all ages, boys showed neither math nor language implicit gender biases, whereas girls implicitly favored girls in both domains. These findings are counter to cultural stereotypes, which favor boys in math. On the explicit measure, both boys' and girls' primary tendency was to favor girls in math and language ability, with the exception of elementary school boys, who rated genders equally. We conclude that objective gender differences in academic success guide differences in children's explicit reports and implicit biases.


Assuntos
Idioma , Matemática/educação , Autoimagem , Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Aptidão , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Estereotipagem
6.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 36(2): 169-179, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-194186

RESUMO

Personal resources and labor market are factors that contribute to perceived employability. However, how changing labor market conditions affect the relationship between personal resources like career enhancing strategies, personal initiative, and career passivity with self-perceived employability remains unclear. Recent events in Spain give an opportunity to examine if personal resources predict perceived employability differently during normal and harsh labor conditions. Two representative samples of young people were surveyed during a normal labor condition (in 2008, before the big recession, n = 1,992) and a harsh condition (in 2011, with 46% young unemployment rate, n = 1,208). We carried out a multi-group regression in AMOS, and regression coefficient comparisons. Results showed no difference in how career-enhancing strategies predict employability in both conditions. Personal initiative predicts perceived employability only in a normal condition, whereas career passivity increase its predictive strength on employability during a harsh labor condition. Findings can be useful for career services in offering more targeted support to young people when labor conditions become challenging


Los recursos personales y las condiciones del mercado de trabajo son factores que contribuyen a la empleabilidad percibida. Sin embargo, no está claro cómo afectan las cambiantes condiciones del mercado de trabajo a la relación entre recursos personales como las estrategias de mejora de carrera, la iniciativa personal o la pasividad de carrera y la empleabilidad percibida. Las consecuencias de la crisis económica de la última década en España ofrecen la oportunidad de examinar si los recursos personales predicen la empleabilidad percibida de forma diferente en condiciones normales del mercado y en condiciones muy adversas. A partir de dos muestras representativas de jóvenes encuestados en 2008 (antes de la gran recesión, n = 1,992) y en 2011 (en el momento más duro de la crisis económica, con tasas de desempleo juvenil del 46%, n = 1,208), se realizaron regresiones multi-grupo con AMOS y comparaciones de coeficientes de regresión. Los resultados muestran que no hay diferencia en cómo las estrategias de mejora de carrera predicen la empleabilidad en ambas condiciones, mientras que la iniciativa personal sólo predice la empleabilidad en condiciones más favorables del mercado laboral. La pasividad de carrera, por el contrario, incrementa su capacidad predictiva sobre la empleabilidad durante condiciones más adversas del mercado laboral. Estos resultados resultan de utilidad para los servicios de orientación profesional y de carrera, al ofrecer un apoyo más pormenorizado a los jóvenes en situaciones adversas del mercado laboral


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Aptidão/classificação , Descrição de Cargo , Condições de Trabalho , Emprego/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Psicometria/métodos , Análise de Regressão
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679841

RESUMO

A large portion of previous sport talent development research has been conducted using Western countries study subjects such as Canadian, Swedish, Spanish, British, or American athletes. However, the factors that affect oriental culture athletes remain an unexplored field. The aims of this investigation were to consolidate the exploration of the pilot study that studied the key factors for Chinese elite basketball players' careers and understand what facts have helped them to achieve the highest sportive level through qualitative research. The pathway to excellence of 11 Chinese elite basketball players were analyzed through a semi-structured interview with different categories such as social context, sport context, tactical factors, or anthropometric factors. Results showed that cultural factors, family tradition, academic studies, coaches, mental strength, training structuration, and international competitions had a great effect and influence in the talent development of Chinese basketball players.


Assuntos
Atletas , Basquetebol , Aptidão , Canadá , China , Humanos , Projetos Piloto
8.
Cogn Process ; 21(4): 575-581, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32607802

RESUMO

Difficulty in performing rhythmic tasks often co-occurs with literacy difficulties. Motivated by evidence showing that people can vary in their performance across different rhythmic tasks, we asked whether two rhythmic skills identified as distinct in school-age children and young adults would reveal similar or different relationships with two literacy skills known to be important for successful reading development. We addressed our question by focusing on 55 typically developing children (ages 5-8). Results show that drumming to a beat predicted the variability of rapid naming but not of phonological awareness, whereas tapping rhythmic patterns predicted phonological awareness, but not rapid naming. Our finding suggests that rhythmic interventions can be tailored to address PA and RAN deficits specifically in reading disabled children.


Assuntos
Linguística , Leitura , Aptidão , Conscientização , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Fonética
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32635534

RESUMO

Talent management (TM) is a fundamental issue for both private and public sector companies. This study analyzes the impact of TM on service performance (SP) and the mediating role of affective organizational commitment (AOC). We analyze a sample of 104 local government employees with three measures of TM, AOC and SP. The mediation hypothesis of AOC was also raised in the study using Baron and Kenny's methodology and Hayes PROCESS. The results reveal how AOC is a total mediating variable in the causal relationship TM → SP. This study is cross-sectional. Common-method bias is controlled in the study. The results involves a concern for improving services through the professionals who provide them, which in turn entails managing people in a way that is different, more flexible, less bureaucratic, and more client- or citizen-oriented. Given the scant research exploring the role of talent management in public services, this article offers valuable insights for scientific literature and practitioners in the public administration.


Assuntos
Aptidão , Governo Local , Lealdade ao Trabalho , Administração de Recursos Humanos , Setor Público , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645892

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the influence of a structured movement activity program on the motor development of children aged three to five years attending preschool. Participants were 136 preschool students with normative development at three to four years old who lived in the Region of Murcia (Spain). The McCarthy Children's Psychomotricity and Aptitude Scales (MSCA) battery of psychomotor tests was used to evaluate the motor development profiles of preschoolers before and after the intervention. The sample was divided into two groups: an intervention group (28 students) and a comparison group (108 students). A structured 24 week physical education program was used in the intervention group. An experiential program based on free play was used in the comparison group during the same period. Preschoolers in both groups got a significant improvement in the contrast of pre-intervention with post-intervention in limb coordination. Statistically significant differences in the post-intervention measurements between the comparison group and the intervention group on arm and leg coordination were observed, whereby the intervention group presented higher arm coordination values (F1,134 = 14,389, p = 0.000, η2 = 0.097) and higher leg coordination values (F1,134 = 19,281, p = 0.000, η2 = 0.126) than the comparison group. It was pointed out that structured physical activity education is better educational methodology than free play to achieve adequate motor development in preschool children.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Destreza Motora , Educação Física e Treinamento/métodos , Aptidão , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha
12.
J Sports Sci ; 38(11-12): 1432-1440, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627682

RESUMO

We study the developmental and professional activities engaged in by 86 female adult soccer players from the senior national teams of Australia, Canada, England, Sweden, and the United States of America. Players completed the Participation History Questionnaire (PHQ) to elicit the amount and type of activities engaged in across their developmental and professional years, including milestones, soccer-specific activity and engagement in other sport activity. Greater specialisation than diversification characterised their childhood developmental activities, including all players starting in soccer in childhood and accumulating more hours in soccer activity than other sports during this period. However, interindividual variation further characterised these childhood activities, with a proportion of players diversifying into other sports and/or soccer play to a greater or lesser degree during childhood when compared to the other players. The amount of coach-led soccer practice increased for all players across their development culminating in an average of 15-16 h/wk across a 40-week season in early adulthood. In contrast, the amount of engagement in other sports and soccer peer-led play varied between players but generally decreased across adolescence to negligible amounts in late adolescence. Findings are commensurate with the deliberate practice framework and early engagement.


Assuntos
Aptidão , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Comportamento Competitivo/fisiologia , Destreza Motora/fisiologia , Futebol/fisiologia , Adulto , Austrália , Canadá , Inglaterra , Feminino , Humanos , Condicionamento Físico Humano , Especialização , Suécia , Estados Unidos
13.
Percept Mot Skills ; 127(5): 960-979, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611226

RESUMO

As the Covid 19 crisis has revealed, the internet is a first-line tool for learning critical health-related information. However, internet searches are a complex and dynamic process that can be fraught with subtleties and potential error. The mechanics of searching for and using electronic health (eHealth) information is ostensibly cognitively demanding; yet we know little about the role of neurocognitive abilities in this regard. Fifty-six young adults completed two naturalistic eHealth search tasks: fact-finding (eHealth Fact) and symptom-diagnosis (eHealth Search). Participants also completed neurocognitive tests of attention, psychomotor speed, learning/memory, and executive functions. Shorter eHealth symptom-diagnosis search time was related to better executive functions, while better eHealth symptom-diagnosis search accuracy was related to better episodic and prospective memory. In contrast, neither eHealth Fact search time nor its accuracy were related to any of the neurocognitive measures. Our findings suggest a differential relationship between neurocognitive abilities and eHealth search behaviors among young adults such that higher-order abilities may be implicated in eHealth searches requiring greater synthesis of information. Future work should examine the cognitive architecture of eHealth search in persons with neurocognitive disorders, as well as that of other aspects of eHealth search behaviors (e.g., search term generation, website reliability, and decision-making).


Assuntos
Aptidão , Atenção , Cognição , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Função Executiva , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Internet , Memória , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Letramento em Saúde , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Desempenho Psicomotor , Telemedicina , Adulto Jovem
14.
Arch. prev. riesgos labor. (Ed. impr.) ; 23(2): 272-276, abr.-jun. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194808

RESUMO

El retorno al trabajo tras una baja médica prolongada comporta una valoración tanto de la capacidad laboral como de la aptitud para el trabajo. Nos encontramos con una trabajadora auxiliar administrativa con lesión congénita en cuerdas vocales, a quien se le deniega la incapacidad permanente total. Es valorada en el reconocimiento médico tras ausencia prolongada resultando apta con limitaciones. Tras la revisión de la evaluación de riesgos de su puesto y de todos los compatibles con su categoría profesional se procede a despido objetivo por ineptitud sobrevenida. La valoración de la capacidad/incapacidad laboral debe ser una valoración multidisciplinar, contemplando de forma integrada el diagnóstico, el tratamiento, la evolución, la perspectiva preventiva y la laboral


The return to work process following a prolonged medical leave includes an assessment of both work capacity and ability to meet essential job functions. We present the case of an administrative assistant with a congenital vocal cord injury who was denied total permanent disability. The initial fitness for duty examination after her prolonged absence resulted in a determination of fitness, but with limitations. After performing a risk assessment and review of the essential job functions of her occupation, she was dismissed based on inability to meet the essential demands of the job. Assessments of work capacity/disability must be multidisciplinary, integrating the diagnosis, treatment, course of the illness, and conducted from both a preventive and work perspective


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Aptidão , Avaliação da Deficiência , Afonia/congênito , Afonia/diagnóstico , Absenteísmo
15.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(supl.5): 64-68, jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A nurse is a profession that requires character and soft skills because nursing as a professional discipline has special domain knowledge and skills as well as attitudes or behaviors obtained through academic education and clinical practice experience. These knowledge, skills and attitudes or behaviors are used in service, so this is what distinguishes nurses as professional disciplines, not just academics (professional character). OBJECTIVE: Strengthening soft skills as the character of student nurses through a preceptorship management model. METHODS: A research and development (R&D) was conducted by using reference studies with a quasi-experimental design. The samples in this study were 123 student nurses in odd and even semester of total sampling. The measurement of the professional character of these students used the Professionals Character Questionnaire (PCQ). Data analysis in this study used both descriptive and statistical analysis of Wilcoxon. RESULTS: The characteristics of the student nurses were 60.9% consists of female students (34.1% of the odd semester and 26.8% of the even semester), the youngest age was 19 years and the oldest age was 50 years, the shortest practice period was one month, and the longest was 12 months. The caring character of the student nurses of the Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences in even semester was better than the odd semester of 8.2%. The professional character of the student nurses in even semester with a good category was almost three times more than the odd semester of 37.5%. The activism character of the student nurses in even semester with a good category was twice as much compared to the odd semester of 33%. The gender influences the caring character of the student nurses of The Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences at UNIMUS with p-value 0.039. The gender also affects the activism character of student nurse of The Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences at UNIMUS with p-value 0.017. CONCLUSION: There are differences in caring, activism and professionalism between the student nurses of The Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences at UNIMUS in even semester and odd semester with each p-value 0.021 for caring, 0.010 for activism and 0.001 for professionalism


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aptidão , Competência Clínica , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Competência Profissional/normas , Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Mentores/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem
16.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234856, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555616

RESUMO

Talents are not only an important strategic resource for promoting regional development but also a core element for maintaining competitiveness. We organize the evaluation index system of regional talent attraction into the following four aspects: regional development, industry development, income and regional environment. Combined with the talent possession of 31 provinces (cities) from 2010 to 2018, we establish a regression equation of the relationship between the evaluation index and talent possession by using a stepwise regression and the Bayesian prior function. Simultaneously, we apply the spatial autocorrelation analysis method to measure the correlation and agglomeration degree of the talent attraction level of provinces and municipalities in China. The results reveal the following. (1) From 2010 to 2018, the talent attractiveness level of China's provinces shows a steady upward trend with an average annual growth rate of 5.804%. The regional environment has the highest score, and the income level has the lowest score. (2) The level of talent attraction in China shows a decreasing trend from east to west, and the ranking in 2018 was "East Coast > North Coast > Southern Coast > Middle Yangtze River > Middle Yellow River > Southwest > Northeast > Greater Northwest". The trend of spatial agglomeration is apparent and gradually increases over the years. The numbers of hot and cold spots are relatively large and concentrated in the eastern coast and western region, respectively. (3) The level of economic development, quality of people's life, and level of the development of the tertiary industry have a great impact on the attractiveness of talents. Talents also pay more attention to regional medical, education and transportation indicators. These research results can provide some guidance and references for the formulation of talent introduction policies in various provinces and municipalities.


Assuntos
Aptidão , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Qualidade de Vida , Análise Espaço-Temporal , China , Humanos , Indústrias , Urbanização
17.
J Sports Sci ; 38(11-12): 1304-1312, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536323

RESUMO

Subjective and objective assessments may be used congruently when making decisions regarding player recruitment in soccer, yet there have been few attempts to examine the level of agreement between these methods. Therefore, we compare levels of agreement between subjective and objective assessments of physical qualities associated with youth soccer performance. In total, 80 male youth soccer players (13.2 ± 1.9 years), and 12 professional coaches volunteered to participate. Players were objectively assessed using five fitness measures: Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1; Countermovement vertical jump; Functional Movement Screen™; 5/20 m sprint; alongside anthropometric measures. Additionally, coaches subjectively rated each player on the same five physical qualities using 5-point Likert scales. Inter-rater agreement between ratings from lead and assistant coaches was established for each age group. Moreover, Bayesian regression models were fitted to determine how well coach ratings were able to predict fitness test performance. Although inter-rater agreement between lead and assistant coaches was moderate-to-substantial (ω = 0.48-0.68), relationships between coaches subjective rating's and corresponding fitness test performance were only highly related for the highest and lowest performing players. We suggest that while ratings derived from objective and subjective assessment methods may be related when attempting to differentiate between distinct populations, concerns exist when evaluating homogeneous samples using these methods. Our data highlight the benefits of using both types of measures in the talent identification process.


Assuntos
Aptidão , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Tutoria , Futebol/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Criança , Tomada de Decisões , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Aptidão Física
18.
J Sports Sci ; 38(11-12): 1387-1398, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32543323

RESUMO

Despite literature highlighting numerous risks to the healthy psychosocial development of youth elite academy soccer players, little of this research is based on high-quality research designs. This study employed a prospective longitudinal cohort design to track psychosocial outcomes of academy involvement within male youth elite soccer players (n = 33, U12-U16 age groups) compared to age-matched soccer-active school pupils (n = 44) over 12 months. Participants completed questionnaires assessing the most commonly raised psychosocial concerns at four equally spaced data collection periods (T1-T4). Repeated measures multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVAs) indicated that, over the year, both groups reported a healthy and improving stress and recovery balance, as well as positive and stable needs satisfaction and physical, psychological and social well-being. Academy players reported stable positive school-related quality of life, whereas school pupils reported increases from T3 to T4. Academy players reported consistent significantly higher total athletic identity and exclusivity of identity. Findings suggest that many concerns around negative psychosocial impacts of soccer academy involvement did not materialise in this context. However, heightened athletic identities remained a concern.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Aptidão , Angústia Psicológica , Futebol/psicologia , Adolescente , Desempenho Atlético/psicologia , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida
19.
J Sports Sci ; 38(11-12): 1199-1210, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568000

RESUMO

At the turn of the millennium, a review paper was published in this journal on talent identification and development in soccer (Williams & Reilly, 2000). In the current paper, we assess progress made in this field over the last twenty years relative to the areas for future research highlighted in the original review. We evaluate developments in light of the calls made by Williams and Reilly to: a) undertake more multidisciplinary rather than mono-disciplinary research; b) embrace longitudinal rather than cross-sectional research designs; c) expand the research base on female football; and, d) better identify the subjective criteria used by scouts when selecting one player over another for entry into a formalised training environment. The body of mono-disciplinary research on this topic continues to expand, and progress has been made in publishing multidisciplinary, prospective, longitudinal data sets, along with advanced statistical modelling procedures, as well as in identifying the experiential criteria used by scouts. We found some variables in these studies have predictive value from adolescence to adult performance level in soccer. We present suggestions for future research to enhance knowledge and understanding of the best practices underpinning the identification and development of future generations of professional players.


Assuntos
Aptidão , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Futebol/fisiologia , Desempenho Atlético/classificação , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Tutoria , Projetos de Pesquisa , Futebol/classificação
20.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234400, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555713

RESUMO

Physical testing-based draft combines are undertaken across various sporting codes to inform talent selection. To determine the explanatory power of the Australian football league (AFL) draft combine, participants drafted between 1999-2016 (n = 1488) were assessed. Testing performance, draft selection order and playing position, AFL matches played, AFL player ranking points and AFL player rating points were collected as career outcomes. Boosted regression tree analysis revealed that position and draft selection order were the most explanatory variables of career outcomes. Linear modelling based on testing results is able to explain 4% of matches played and 3% of in-game performance measures. Each individual combine test explained <2% of the matches played outcome. Draft selection order demonstrated mixed results for career outcomes relative to playing position. For instance, key forwards and draft selection order were observed as a slight negative relationship using the AFL Player Ranking points career outcome measure. These findings indicate that the AFL draft combine is a poor measure for informing talent selection, thus providing minimal utility for the practices investigated in this study.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Futebol , Adolescente , Aptidão , Desempenho Atlético/classificação , Desempenho Atlético/estatística & dados numéricos , Desempenho Atlético/tendências , Austrália , Teorema de Bayes , Estudos Transversais , Previsões/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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