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1.
Arch Virol ; 162(8): 2467-2471, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28439709

RESUMO

An aquabirnavirus was isolated from diseased marbled eels (Anguilla marmorata; MEIPNV1310) with gill haemorrhages and associated mortality. Its genome segment sequences were obtained through next-generation sequencing and compared with published aquabirnavirus sequences. The results indicated that the genome sequence of MEIPNV1310 contains segment A (3099 nucleotides) and segment B (2789 nucleotides). Phylogenetic analysis showed that MEIPNV1310 is closely related to the infectious pancreatic necrosis Ab strain within genogroup II. This genome sequence is beneficial for studying the geographic distribution and evolution of aquabirnaviruses.


Assuntos
Aquabirnavirus/genética , Aquabirnavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Birnaviridae/veterinária , Enguias/virologia , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Genoma Viral , Animais , Aquabirnavirus/classificação , Aquabirnavirus/patogenicidade , Aquicultura , Infecções por Birnaviridae/virologia , Brânquias/patologia , Brânquias/virologia , Hemorragia/veterinária , Hemorragia/virologia , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Vírus da Necrose Pancreática Infecciosa/genética , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Taiwan
2.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 116(1): 1-9, 2015 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26378403

RESUMO

Tasmanian aquabirnaviruses (TABVs) have been isolated intermittently since 1998 from healthy Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss farmed in Macquarie Harbour, Tasmania, Australia. However, beginning in 2011, TABVs have been isolated from rainbow trout in association with mortality events. To determine if recent molecular changes in TABV were contributing to increased mortalities, next generation sequencing was undertaken on 14 TABVs isolated from 1998 to 2013. Sequencing of both genome segments and analysis of the 5 viral proteins they encode revealed that minimal changes had occurred in the past 15 yr. Of the amino acid changes detected only 1, alanine to aspartic acid at position 139 of the minor structural VP3 protein, was unique to the recent disease events. The most dramatic changes observed were in the length of the non-structural VP5 protein varying from 43 to 133 amino acids. However, the amino acid substitution in VP3 and variable VP5 length were unlikely to have resulted in increased TABV pathogenicity. The genome of a novel Australian aquabirnavirus, Victorian trout aquabirnavirus (VTAB) was also sequenced and compared to TABV isolates.


Assuntos
Aquabirnavirus/classificação , Aquabirnavirus/genética , Infecções por Birnaviridae/veterinária , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Salmonidae , Animais , Aquicultura , Infecções por Birnaviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Birnaviridae/virologia , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Filogenia , Tasmânia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
3.
J Gen Virol ; 89(Pt 12): 3156-64, 2008 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19008406

RESUMO

Birnaviruses are bi-segmented double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) viruses infecting insects, avian species and a wide range of aquatic species. Although homologous recombination is a common phenomenon in positive-sense RNA viruses, recombination in dsRNA viruses is rarely reported. Here we performed a comprehensive survey on homologous recombination in all available sequences (>1800) of the family Birnaviridae based on phylogenetic incongruence. Although inter-species recombination was not evident, potential intra-species recombination events were detected in aquabirnaviruses and infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). Eight potential recombination events were identified and the possibility that these events were non-naturally occurring was assessed case by case. Five of the eight events were identified in IBDVs and all of these five events involved live attenuated vaccine strains. This finding suggests that homologous recombination between vaccine and wild-type IBDV strains may have occurred; the potential risk of mass vaccination using live vaccines is discussed. This is the first report of evidence for homologous recombination within the family Birnaviridae.


Assuntos
Birnaviridae/classificação , Birnaviridae/genética , Filogenia , Recombinação Genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Aquabirnavirus/classificação , Aquabirnavirus/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/classificação , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/genética , RNA Replicase/genética , Alinhamento de Sequência , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie , Vacinas Atenuadas , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/genética , Vacinas Virais
4.
Arch Virol ; 153(10): 1937-41, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18797816

RESUMO

Four putative aquabirnaviruses, based on morphology, nucleic acid type and partial RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene (VP1) sequence, isolated from three tropical freshwater fish species were not neutralised by antisera against type members of the Aquabirnavirus genus serogroups A, B or C. Antisera produced against two of the isolates neutralised the homologous and heterologous isolates, but not any type member of Aquabirnavirus serogroups A, B or C. The serological comparisons suggest that the four isolates should be regarded as members of a fourth Aquabirnavirus serogroup, D.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Aquabirnavirus/classificação , Aquabirnavirus/imunologia , RNA Viral/genética , Animais , Aquabirnavirus/isolamento & purificação , Aquabirnavirus/ultraestrutura , Peixes/virologia , Genótipo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Testes de Neutralização , Filogenia , RNA Replicase/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sorotipagem , Proteínas Virais/genética
5.
J Microbiol ; 46(3): 265-73, 2008 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18604495

RESUMO

Surveys of marine birnavirus (MABV) were undertaken in cultured olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus from the south and west coastal areas and Jeju in Korea during the period January 1999 to April 2007. MABV was detected in all seasons from the fry, juveniles and adult fish from the areas examined. Evident cytopathic effects of the virus including rounding and cell lysis were observed in chinook salmon embryo (CHSE-214) and rainbow trout gonad (RTG-2) cells, but not in fathead minnow (FHM) and epithelial papilloma of carp (EPC) cells. Nucleotide sequences of the VP2/NS junction region of the Korean isolates showed 97.8% ~ 100% similarity, and they belonged to the same genogroup. Cross neutralization tests with serotype-specific rabbit antisera against MABV strains exhibited a close antigenic relationships between strains, and were distinct from infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) strains. Coinfection of MABV with bacteria (Streptococcus iniae, Vibrio spp.) and viruses (nervous necrosis virus, lymphocystis disease virus, viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus) was observed.


Assuntos
Aquabirnavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Birnaviridae/veterinária , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Linguados/virologia , Água do Mar/virologia , Animais , Aquabirnavirus/classificação , Aquabirnavirus/genética , Aquabirnavirus/imunologia , Sequência de Bases , Infecções por Birnaviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Birnaviridae/virologia , Linhagem Celular , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Coreia (Geográfico) , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Testes de Neutralização , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Coelhos , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Proteínas Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/imunologia
6.
Virology ; 371(2): 350-61, 2008 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17976679

RESUMO

We characterized tellina virus 1 (TV-1), a birnavirus isolated from the marine bivalve mollusk Tellina tenuis. Genome sequence analysis established that TV-1 is representative of a viral cluster distant from other birnaviruses. The maturation process of the polyprotein encoded by the genomic segment A was delineated with the identification of the N-termini of the viral protease VP4 and the ribonucleoprotein VP3, and the characterization of peptides deriving from the processing of pVP2, the VP2 capsid protein precursor. One of these peptides was shown to possess a membrane-disrupting domain. Like the blotched snakehead virus, the polyprotein exhibits a non-structural polypeptide (named [X]) located between pVP2 and VP4. Mutagenesis analysis allowed the identification in VP4 of a catalytic Ser-Lys dyad that does not possess the common Gly-X-Ser signature of the serine hydrolases. The genomic segment B encodes the viral RNA-dependent RNA-polymerase VP1 with the unique sequence motif arrangement identified in other birnavirus VP1s.


Assuntos
Aquabirnavirus/classificação , Birnaviridae/classificação , Bivalves/virologia , Genoma Viral , Poliproteínas , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Aquabirnavirus/química , Aquabirnavirus/genética , Aquabirnavirus/metabolismo , Birnaviridae/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Clonagem Molecular , Modelos Moleculares , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/genética , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Poliproteínas/química , Poliproteínas/genética , Poliproteínas/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/química , Proteínas Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
7.
J Gen Virol ; 86(Pt 7): 1973-8, 2005 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15958676

RESUMO

Aquabirnaviruses, represented by Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), have been isolated from epizootics in salmonids and a variety of aquatic animals in the world; six genogroups of aquabirnaviruses have been identified. In comparisons of nucleotide sequences of the VP2/NS junction region, maximum nucleotide diversities of 30.8 % were observed among 93 worldwide aquabirnavirus isolates. A phylogenetic tree revealed the existence of a new genogroup, VII, for Japanese aquabirnavirus isolates from marine fish and molluscan shellfish. Nucleotide diversities between genogroups VII and I-VI were 18.7 % or greater. At the nucleotide level, Japanese IPNV isolates from epizootics in salmonids were nearly identical to a genogroup I strain from the USA or Canada. It is suggested that Japanese IPNV isolates belonging to genogroup I were originally introduced from North American sources, whereas Japanese aquabirnavirus isolates of genogroup VII were from marine aquatic animals indigenous to Japan.


Assuntos
Aquabirnavirus/classificação , Aquabirnavirus/genética , Infecções por Birnaviridae/veterinária , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Peixes/virologia , Animais , Aquabirnavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Birnaviridae/virologia , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Vírus da Necrose Pancreática Infecciosa/classificação , Vírus da Necrose Pancreática Infecciosa/genética , Vírus da Necrose Pancreática Infecciosa/isolamento & purificação , Japão , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Salmonidae/virologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética
8.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 70(2): 1059-67, 2004 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14766589

RESUMO

Reference strains of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus resembling the 10 recognized serotypes and local isolates of aquabirnaviruses isolated in northwestern Spain from reservoirs (mollusks) and from asymptomatic and carrier cultured fish were genotyped by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and nucleic acid sequence analyses. The RFLP analysis yielded seven genogroups, each of which was clearly correlated with a serotype. Sequence analysis of the three open reading frames provided quite similar results in terms of genogrouping. Based on the results of this study and in order to unify the two types of assays, we propose placing aquabirnaviruses into six genogroups, four of which can be subdivided into two genotypes based on a two-step restriction analysis. The genotyping corresponds with serotyping as follows: genogroup I includes two genotypes corresponding to serotypes A9 (genotype I.1) and A1 (genotype I.2); genogroup II corresponds to serotype A3; genogroup III includes genotypes III.1 (serotype A2) and III.2 (serotype B1); genogroups IV and V include two genotypes, each corresponding to serotypes A5, A6, A7, and A8 (genotypes IV.1, IV.2, V.1, and V.2, respectively);and genogroup VI corresponds to serotype A4. As expected, most local isolates belonged to genotype III.1 and genogroup II. However, a few local isolates corresponded to the American types of genogroup I. Finally, based on the results of this study and due to its simplicity, the two-step restriction analysis assay is proposed as a method for typing new isolates of aquabirnaviruses, and the results correspond to the results of conventional serotyping.


Assuntos
Aquabirnavirus/classificação , Infecções por Birnaviridae/veterinária , Vírus da Necrose Pancreática Infecciosa/classificação , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Animais , Aquabirnavirus/genética , Aquabirnavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Birnaviridae/virologia , Células Cultivadas , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Linguados/virologia , Genoma Viral , Genótipo , Vírus da Necrose Pancreática Infecciosa/genética , Vírus da Necrose Pancreática Infecciosa/isolamento & purificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Moluscos/virologia , Oncorhynchus mykiss/virologia , Salmo salar/virologia , Sorotipagem , Espanha
9.
J Virol ; 77(1): 719-25, 2003 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12477876

RESUMO

By different approaches, we characterized the birnavirus blotched snakehead virus (BSNV). The sequence of genomic segment A revealed the presence of two open reading frames (ORFs): a large ORF with a 3,207-bp-long nucleotide sequence and a 417-nucleotide-long small ORF located within the N-terminal half of the large ORF, but in a different reading frame. The large ORF was found to encode a polyprotein cotranslationally processed by the viral protease VP4 to generate pVP2 (the VP2 precursor), a 71-amino-acid-long peptide ([X]), VP4, and VP3. The two cleavage sites at the [X]-VP4 and VP4-VP3 junctions were identified by N-terminal sequencing. We showed that the processing of pVP2 generated VP2 and several small peptides (amino acids [aa] 418 to 460, 461 to 467, 468 to 474, and 475 to 486). Two of these peptides (aa 418 to 460 and 475 to 486) were positively identified in the viral particles with 10 additional peptides derived from further processing of the peptide aa 418 to 460. The results suggest that VP4 cleaves multiple Pro-X-Ala downward arrow Ala motifs, with the notable exception of the VP4-VP3 junction. Replacement of the members of the predicted VP4 catalytic dyad (Ser-692 and Lys-729) confirmed their indispensability in the polyprotein processing. The genomic segment B sequence revealed a single large ORF encoding a putative polymerase, VP1. Our results demonstrate that BSNV should be considered a new aquatic birnavirus species, slightly more related to IBDV than to IPNV.


Assuntos
Aquabirnavirus/classificação , Avibirnavirus/classificação , Birnaviridae/classificação , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Birnaviridae/química , Birnaviridae/genética , Proteínas do Capsídeo/química , Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Genoma Viral , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Vírion/química
10.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 45(2): 89-102, 2001 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11463106

RESUMO

Aquatic birnaviruses, such as infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), cause serious diseases in a variety of fish species used worldwide in aquaculture and have also been isolated from a variety of healthy fish and shellfish species. These viruses exhibit a high degree of antigenic heterogeneity and variation in biological properties such as pathogenicity, host range, and temperature of replication. To better understand genetic and biological diversity among these viruses, the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences were determined from cDNA of the large open reading frame (ORF) of genome segment A of the 9 type strains of Serogroup A and 4 other representative strains of Serotype A1, the predominant serotype in the United States. In addition, nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences were determined for the VP2 coding region of a variety of isolates representing 5 of the 9 serotypes. VP2 is the major outer capsid protein of aquatic birnaviruses. RT-PCR was used to amplify a 2904 bp cDNA fragment including all but a few bp of the large ORF of genome segment A or a 1611 bp fragment representing the entire VP2 coding region. Nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences were determined from the PCR products. Pairwise comparisons were made among our data and 2 other aquatic birnavirus sequences previously published. Several hypervariable regions were identified within the large ORF. The most divergent pair of viruses exhibited a similarity of 80.1% in the deduced amino acid sequence encoded by the large ORF. Genomic relationships revealed in a phylogenetic tree constructed from comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of the large ORF demonstrated that these viruses were clustered into several genogroups. Phylogenetic comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of the VP2 coding region of 28 aquatic birnavirus isolates, including the type strains of all 9 serotypes, demonstrated 6 genogroups, some of which were comprised of several genotypes. The most divergent pair of viruses exhibited a similarity of 81.2% in the deduced amino acid sequence from the VP2 coding region. In contrast to previous studies of much shorter genomic sequences within the C-terminus-pVP2/NS junction coding region, these genogroups based on the entire large ORF or the VP2 coding region generally correlated with geographical origin and serological classification. Isolates from the major Canadian serotypes were more closely related to the European isolates than to isolates from the United States.


Assuntos
Aquabirnavirus/classificação , Infecções por Birnaviridae/veterinária , DNA Complementar/química , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Filogenia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Aquabirnavirus/genética , Aquicultura , Sequência de Bases , Infecções por Birnaviridae/virologia , Peixes , Variação Genética , Vírus da Necrose Pancreática Infecciosa/classificação , Vírus da Necrose Pancreática Infecciosa/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/veterinária , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sorotipagem/veterinária
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