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1.
Plant Signal Behav ; 17(1): 2065114, 2022 12 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35470786

RESUMO

Anthropogenic activities cause heavy metal pollution, such as cadmium (Cd). Na+/H+ antiporter (NHX1) transgenic duckweed showed Cd tolerance in our previous study, and the signal mechanism needs to be explored. As an important signal molecule, nitric oxide (NO) is involved in a number of functions under abiotic stress response. This study analyzed the levels of endogenous NO in wild-type (WT) duckweed and NHX1 duckweed under Cd treatment. The results showed that after 24 h Cd treatment, the endogenous NO level of WT duckweed decreased, which was significantly lower than that in NHX1 duckweed. Studies have proved that NHX1 influences pH. The level of NO in this study has been investigated at different pH. The NO level was the highest in the duckweed cultured with pH 5.3. Nitrate reductase gene expression was down-regulated and NO synthesis was decreased under Cd stress in WT duckweed. This study showed that NO level has been modified in NHX1 duckweed, which could be influcened by pH.


Assuntos
Araceae , Metais Pesados , Araceae/metabolismo , Cádmio/metabolismo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
2.
Plant Signal Behav ; 17(1): 2058256, 2022 12 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379075

RESUMO

To study the allelopathic effect of the extracts of Landoltia punctata, the changes of cell density of Microcystis aeruginosa were measured. The anti-algae allelopathic effect of different organic solvent extracts of L. punctata was evaluated, and the physiological, biochemical indexes were determined to discuss the mechanism of algal inhibition. The results showed that the petroleum ether, dichloromethane and ethyl acetate extracts showed various inhibitory effects on M. aeruginosa. Among them, ethyl acetate extract was the most strongly allelopathic part with the semi-effect concentration(EC50) of 59.6 mg L-1, the central polarity part of inhibitory activity. The contents of chlorophyll a(Chl a) and phycobiliproteins(PBPs) of M. aeruginosa were decreased under the concentration of 200 mg L-1 ethyl acetate extract, which indicated that the photosynthesis of M. aeruginosa was inhibited. The consent of microcystins was lower compared to control under 200 mg L-1. The contents of superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA) and hydrogen peroxide(H2O2) of cell pellets were firstly increased and then decreased, which suggested that the algal cells were seriously damaged by oxidation. The results indicated that the extracts of L. punctata had inhibitory effect on M. aeruginosa, and the ethyl acetate extract was the central part of the inhibitory substances, which affected photosynthesis and caused peroxidation damage to inhibit cell proliferation. These findings will be helpful for exploration and application of allelopathic effects of L. punctata in harmful algae control.


Assuntos
Araceae , Microcystis , Clorofila A , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Malondialdeído
3.
Cells ; 11(7)2022 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35406731

RESUMO

SPX genes play important roles in the coordinated utilization of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in plants. However, a genome-wide analysis of the SPX family is still lacking. In this study, the gene structure and phylogenetic relationship of 160 SPX genes were systematically analyzed at the genome-wide level. Results revealed that SPX genes were highly conserved in plants. All SPX genes contained the conserved SPX domain containing motifs 2, 3, 4, and 8. The 160 SPX genes were divided into five clades and the SPX genes within the same clade shared a similar motif composition. P1BS cis-elements showed a high frequency in the promoter region of SPXs, indicating that SPX genes could interact with the P signal center regulatory gene Phosphate Starvation Response1 (PHR1) in response to low P stress. Other cis-elements were also involved in plant development and biotic/abiotic stress, suggesting the functional diversity of SPXs. Further studies were conducted on the interaction network of three SpSPXs, revealing that these genes could interact with important components of the P signaling network. The expression profiles showed that SpSPXs responded sensitively to N and P deficiency stresses, thus playing a key regulatory function in P and N metabolism. Furthermore, the expression of SpSPXs under P and N deficiency stresses could be affected by environmental factors such as ABA treatment, osmotic, and LT stresses. Our study suggested that SpSPXs could be good candidates for enhancing the uptake ability of Spirodela polyrhiza for P nutrients in wastewater. These findings could broaden the understanding of the evolution and biological function of the SPX family and offer a foundation to further investigate this family in plants.


Assuntos
Araceae , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Araceae/genética , Araceae/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Fósforo/metabolismo , Filogenia
4.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 214, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35468717

RESUMO

Duckweed (Lemna minor L.) is an aquatic macrophyte and grows profoundly on the surface of polluted water reservoirs of Pakistan. The plant can be used as a potential alternative for the fish and poultry industry to meet the promptly growing demand for feed. Our study investigates the effect of varying concentrations (ppm) of nutrients like N, P, and their combination, NP on biomass production, carbohydrate, lipid, protein, and mineral (Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn & Zn) contents of L. minor. The varying concentrations of N and P substantially affected the above-stated parameters. The highest biomass yield was recorded in the 30 ppm NP tank as 172 g/m2 day in comparison with the control tank. Higher protein, lipid, and carbohydrate contents were recorded for 30 ppm NP, 20 ppm NP, and 10 ppm NP respectively. Minerals like Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn & Zn increased in 20 ppm P and all N concentrations. The combined application of NP was more effective in boosting the protein, carbohydrate, and lipid content whereas less effective in increasing the mineral contents. A rise in the concentration of N and P showed a positive correlation with the nutritional composition of L. minor.


Assuntos
Araceae , Fósforo , Animais , Biomassa , Carboidratos , Lipídeos , Minerais/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Fósforo/metabolismo , Aves Domésticas/metabolismo
5.
Zootaxa ; 5087(1): 129-153, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390922

RESUMO

Seven new species and the female sex of Rhaphidophora xishuang Gorochov, 2012 of the rhaphidophorines are described from China. The images illustrating the morphology of the two known species are provided. Meanwhile, the complete mitogenome of Rhaphidophora quadrispina was assembled. The mitogenome was 15892 bp in length and contained the typical gene arrangement. All examined specimens are deposited in the Guangxi Normal University.


Assuntos
Araceae , Genoma Mitocondrial , Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Araceae/genética , Tamanho Corporal , China , Feminino , Humanos , Tamanho do Órgão , Ortópteros/anatomia & histologia , Ortópteros/genética
6.
Zootaxa ; 5120(4): 586-594, 2022 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35391147

RESUMO

The gigantea group is one of the six species groups of the genus Colocasiomyia Meijere, 1914 (Diptera, Drosophilidae). All the nine known species of this group breed on inflorescence/infructescence of host plants of the subfamily Monsteroideae (Araceae) and are geographically restricted to the Oriental region: seven species found exclusively from Rhaphidophora spp. in southern China, and the remaining two from Sabah (host plant: Scindapsus coriaceus) in Borneo or from West Java (host plant: Epipremnum pinnatum). In the present paper, a new member of the gigantea group, C. daiae sp. nov., is described, with adult specimens and eggs collected from inflorescences of Scindapsus maclurei in Hainan, China and larvae and pupae reared from field-collected eggs in the laboratory.


Assuntos
Araceae , Dípteros , Drosophilidae , Animais , Drosophilidae/genética , Inflorescência , Larva , Melhoramento Vegetal
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 432: 128646, 2022 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35325863

RESUMO

Global anthropogenic changes are altering the temperature and nutrients of the ecosystem, which might also affect the extent of cadmium (Cd) toxicity in organisms. This study aimed to investigate the combined effects of temperature and nutrient availability (here, nitrogen [N] and phosphorus [P]) on Cd toxicity in duckweed (Lemna aequinoctialis). The growth parameters, nutrient uptake, and Cd tolerance of plantlets reached their highest values for duckweed grown in medium with 28 mg/L N and 2.4 mg/L P (N:P = 11.67) at 25 °C under 1 mg/L CdCl2 exposure. Raising the temperature (from 18 °C to 25 °C) and levels of N and P (from 0.01 N/P to 2 N/P) enhanced photosynthetic capacity and nutrient uptake, thus promoting plant growth and diluting the toxic effects of Cd. Although Cd uptake increased with increasing temperature, duckweed with relatively high biomass exhibited a lower accumulation of the toxic metal because their growth rate exceeded Cd uptake rate. Increasing N and P supply also enhanced the tolerance of duckweed to Cd by limiting Cd bioavailability. Our study therefore suggests the importance of combined effects from temperature and nutrients for Cd toxicity and provides novel insights for a comprehensive analysis of Cd toxicity associated with the environmental factors of a particular ecosystem.


Assuntos
Araceae , Cádmio , Cádmio/toxicidade , Ecossistema , Nutrientes , Temperatura
8.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(7): 4071-4079, 2022 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35290020

RESUMO

Although the biological effects of nanoplastics (<100 nm in size) in aquatic environments have been increasingly investigated, almost all such studies have been performed at observed-effect concentrations (higher than 1 µg/mL). The use of observed-effect concentrations of nanoplastics can provide essential data for evaluating the potential risks, but how these results apply to the effects of concentrations of nanoplastics observed in the environment remains unclear. Here, we show that exposure to both positively and negatively charged nanoplastics at the observed-effect concentration (ranging from 0 to 50 µg/mL) can result in physiological changes of Lemna minor L., a typical flowering aquatic plant species, inducing H2O2 and O2- accumulation and even cell death. However, the nanoplastics at environmentally relevant concentrations (lower than 0.1 µg/mL) had no obvious effects on phenotype of L. minor. Moreover, nanoplastics at both observed-effect and environmentally relevant concentrations were adsorbed onto the roots and fronds of the plants, whereas uptake by the roots and fronds occurred only at the observed-effect concentration. Although no phenotypic changes across 30 generations of cultivation were observed when the plants were exposed to 0.015 µg/mL nanoplastics, the expression of genes related to the response to stimuli and to oxidative and osmotic stress was upregulated under both observed-effect and environmentally relevant concentrations. Our findings suggest that the long-term presence of nanoplastics at environmentally relevant concentrations might induce some variations in the transcription level and have potential threat to floating microphytes and aquatic ecosystems.


Assuntos
Araceae , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Araceae/metabolismo , Ecossistema , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Microplásticos/toxicidade , Poliestirenos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 3711, 2022 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35260667

RESUMO

The potential nutritional value of duckweed Lemna minor (Lemnaceae) was evaluated for common carp Cyprinus carpio fry. Fish were fed diets containing five graded levels of duckweed: 0% (LM0, control), 5% (LM5), 10% (LM10), 15% (LM15) and 20% (LM20). The final weight and specific growth rate were significantly higher in LM15 and LM20 diets fed fish compared to others. Feed conversion ratio was minimum in fish fed diet LM20. Amylase activity was significantly higher in LM0 treatment. Total protease, trypsin and chymotrypsin activities showed linear relationships with the increased level of duckweed in the diet. Protein and essential amino acids contents were significantly higher in carp fed diets LM15 and LM20 compared to others. Lipid content was significantly higher in fish fed duckweed-based diets compared to control. A direct relationship was found between the inclusion level of duckweed in the diet and n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) content of carp. Contents of desaturated and elongated products of dietary linolenic acid (18:3n-3) including 20:4n-3, 20:5n-3, 22:5n-3 and 22:6n-3 increased in a graded manner with increasing dietary duckweed. The monounsaturated fatty acids and n-6 PUFA contents reduced significantly in fish fed duckweed. Expression of fads2d6, elovl2, elovl5 and fas were higher in carp fed diets LM10, LM15 and LM20 compared to control fish. The inclusion of L. minor in diet enhanced the nutritional value of carp by increasing protein, lipid, amino acids and n-3 PUFA contents.


Assuntos
Araceae , Carpas , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Araceae/genética , Araceae/metabolismo , Carpas/genética , Carpas/metabolismo , Dieta/veterinária , Fenômenos Fisiológicos do Sistema Digestório , Ácidos Graxos , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/metabolismo
10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 5455593, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35309169

RESUMO

Background: Landoltia punctata can be used as renewable and sustainable biofuel feedstock because it can quickly accumulate high starch levels. ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) catalyzes the first committed step during starch biosynthesis in higher plants. The heterotetrameric structure of plant AGPases comprises pairs of large subunits (LSs) and small subunits (SSs). Although several studies have reported on the high starch accumulation capacity of duckweed, no study has explored the underlying molecular accumulation mechanisms and their linkage with AGPase. Therefore, this study focused on characterizing the roles of different L. punctate AGPases. Methodology. Expression patterns of LpAGPs were determined through comparative transcriptome analyses, followed by coexpressing their coding sequences in Escherichia coli, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Arabidopsis thaliana, and Nicotiana tabacum. Results: Comparative transcriptome analyses showed that there are five AGPase subunits encoding cDNAs in L. punctata (LpAGPS1, LpAGPS2, LpAGPL1, LpAGPL2, and LpAGPL3). Nutrient starvation (distilled water treatment) significantly upregulated the expression of LpAGPS1, LpAGPL2, and LpAGPL3. Coexpression of LpAGPSs and LpAGPLs in Escherichia coli generated six heterotetramers, but only four (LpAGPS1/LpAGPL3, LpAGPS2/LpAGPL1, LpAGPS2/LpAGPL2, and LpAGPS2/LpAGPL3) exhibited AGPase activities and displayed a brownish coloration upon exposure to iodine staining. Yeast two-hybrid and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assays validated the interactions between LpAGPS1/LpAGPL2, LpAGPS1/LpAGPL3, LpAGPS2/LpAGPL1, LpAGPS2/LpAGPL2, and LpAGPS2/LpAGPL3. All the five LpAGPs were fusion-expressed with hGFP in Arabidopsis protoplasts, and their green fluorescence signals were uniformly localized in the chloroplast, indicating that they are plastid proteins. Conclusions: This study uncovered the cDNA sequences, structures, subunit interactions, expression patterns, and subcellular localization of AGPase. Collectively, these findings provide new insights into the molecular mechanism of fast starch accumulation in L. punctata.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Araceae , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Araceae/genética , DNA Complementar/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Glucose-1-Fosfato Adenililtransferase/genética , Glucose-1-Fosfato Adenililtransferase/metabolismo , Amido/metabolismo
11.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 178: 1-11, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35245706

RESUMO

Pistia stratiotes is a cadmium (Cd) hyperaccumulating plant with strong bioaccumulation and translocation capacity for Cd. A hydroponic experiment was used to evaluate the combined effect of Zinc (Zn) and Cd at different concentrations on leaf growth and metabolism of P. stratiotes. This study revealed the physiological defense and metabolic strategy of responses to Zn-Cd co-pollution. With the Zn50Cd1, Zn50Cd10, Zn100Cd1, and Zn100Cd10 treatments for 9 d, the relative crown diameter, relative leave number, and ramet number of the plant had no significant difference with the control. Under the compound treatments containing Zn50Cd50 and Zn100Cd50, the activity of the glyoxalase system and amino acid metabolism in the leaves were inhibited. The leaf photosynthetic apparatus increased heat dissipation to reduce the damage to the photosystem II (PS II) reaction center caused by excess excitation energy under Zn-Cd stress. This safeguarded the balance between the absorption and utilization of light energy. Compared to the control, the Zn and Cd co-pollution for 9 d had no effect on the reduced glutathione (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) contents. There was no effect on the dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities, but there was increased ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity and oxidized ascorbic acid (DHA) content. These increased the antioxidant capacity of the ascorbate-glutathione (AsA-GSH) cycle. The treated plants also had increased levels of carnosol and substances related to lipid metabolism including 9, 10-Dihydroxystearate, Prostaglandin G2, Sphingosine, and 13-L-Hydroperoxylinoleic acid, maintaining the cell stability and resistance to the Zn-Cd stress.


Assuntos
Araceae , Cádmio , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Araceae/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Glutationa/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Zinco/farmacologia
12.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 218, 2022 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35305558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colocasia gigantea, Caladium bicolor and Xanthosoma sagittifolium are three worldwide famous ornamental and/or vegetable plants in the Araceae family, these species in the subfamily Aroideae are phylogenetically perplexing due to shared interspecific morphological traits and variation. RESULT: This study, for the first time ever, assembled and analyzed complete chloroplast genomes of C. gigantea, C. bicolor and X. sagittifolium with genome sizes of 165,906 bp, 153,149 bp and 165,169 bp in length, respectively. The genomes were composed of conserved quadripartite circular structures with a total of 131 annotated genes, including 8 rRNA, 37 tRNA and 86 protein-coding genes. A comparison within Aroideae showed seven protein-coding genes (accD, ndhF, ndhK, rbcL, rpoC1, rpoC2 and matK) linked to environmental adaptation. Phylogenetic analysis confirmed a close relationship of C. gigantea with C. esculenta and S. colocasiifolia, and the C. bicolor with X. sagittifolium. Furthermore, three DNA barcodes (atpH-atpI + psaC-ndhE, atpH-atpI + trnS-trnG, atpH-atpI + psaC-ndhE + trnS-trnG) harbored highly variable regions to distinguish species in Aroideae subfamily. CONCLUSION: These results would be beneficial for species identification, phylogenetic relationship, genetic diversity, and potential of germplasm resources in Aroideae.


Assuntos
Araceae , Genoma de Cloroplastos , Araceae/genética , Cloroplastos/genética , Evolução Molecular , Filogenia
13.
J Chem Ecol ; 48(3): 263-269, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35258745

RESUMO

Flowering plants often use chemical signals to attract their pollinators, and compounds that elicit attraction are known for several groups of pollinators. For other pollinators such as gall midges, however, compounds responsible for their attraction to flowers are largely unknown. Here, we describe the pollination biology of Anthurium acutangulum, a Neotropical aroid species found to be attractive to gall midges. We collected and analyzed its floral scent by dynamic headspace collections and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry, and identified compounds responsible for pollinator attraction. The inflorescences were almost exclusively visited by gall midges (females; Cecidomyiidae: Cecidomyiinae) and released a strong scent reminiscent of freshly cut cucumber, mainly (5S,7S)-trans-conophthorin, (E2,Z6)-2,6-nonadienal, and cis-conophthorin. Behavioral assays with the two most abundant compounds identified (E2,Z6)-2,6-nonadienal as being highly attractive to the female gall midge pollinators, whereas (5S,7S)-trans-conophthorin was not attractive. Overall, we introduce a new specialized gall midge pollination system and identify the chemical mediating communication between the pollinators and their host plants.


Assuntos
Araceae , Dípteros , Animais , Araceae/química , Feminino , Flores/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Polinização
14.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 77(1): 121-127, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35149907

RESUMO

The growing world population will increase the demand for new sustainable foods and ingredients. Here we studied the safety and tolerance of Lemna minor, a new sustainable vegetable crop from the duckweed family. Twenty-four healthy adults consumed either L. minor plant material or spinach as vegetable (170 g fresh weight) as part of a warm meal on 11 consecutively days in a randomized controlled parallel trial design. The intervention meals had a different recipe for each day of the week. All participants had to report daily if they experienced gastric complaints, feelings of hunger, fullness, desire to eat, thirst, general health, nausea, and stool consistency. Only hunger, flatulence and constipation were significantly different between both intervention groups. At the start and end of the intervention, blood and urine were sampled in order to analyze biomarkers for general health, e.g., kidney function, liver function, cardiovascular health, inflammation and iron status. Both intervention groups did not show significant differences for these biomarkers. In taste attributes the L. minor-based products showed in only a few specific cases a significant difference compared to the spinach-based products. Based on the results we conclude that 11 consecutive days intake of 170 g fresh weight L. minor plants as a cooked vegetable does not result in any adverse effect in healthy adult subjects.


Assuntos
Araceae , Spinacia oleracea , Paladar , Verduras , Ingestão de Energia , Preferências Alimentares , Humanos
15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 203: 369-378, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35104474

RESUMO

Duckweed (DW) is a highly small, free-floating aquatic plant. It grows and reproduces rapidly, comprises mainly protein and carbohydrate, and has substantial potential as a feedstock to produce bioplastics due to its renewability and having very little impact on the food chain. The aim of this work was to analyze the effect of DW biomass on the characteristics and properties of bio-based and biodegradable plastics based on a poly(lactic acid)/thermoplastic cassava starch (PLA/TPS) blend. Various amounts of DW biomass were compounded with PLA and TPS in a twin-screw extruder and then converted into dumbbell-shaped specimens using an injection molding machine. The obtained PLA/TPS blends filled with DW biomass exhibited a lower melt flow ability, higher moisture content, and increased surface hydrophilicity than the neat PLA/TPS blend. Incorporation of DW with low concentrations of 2.3 and 4.6 wt% increased the tensile strength, Young's modulus, and hardness of the PLA/TPS blend. Moisture and glycerol from DW and TPS played important roles in reducing the Tg, Tcc, Tm, and Td of PLA in the blends. The current work demonstrated that DW could be used as a biofiller for PLA/TPS blends, and the resulting PLA/TPS blends filled with DW biomass have potential in manufacturing injection-molded articles for sustainable, biodegradable, and short-term use.


Assuntos
Araceae , Manihot , Biomassa , Manihot/metabolismo , Poliésteres , Amido/metabolismo
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35206138

RESUMO

Duckweed (Spirodela polyrrhiza) has the potential to treat anaerobically digested swine wastewater (ADSW), but the effects of antibiotics and heavy metals in ADSW on the treatment performance and mechanism of Spirodela polyrrhiza are not clear. Herein, an experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of sulfamethazine (SMZ) and cupric ion on NH4+-N and total phosphorus (TP) removal from synthetic ADSW. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the contents of photosynthetic pigments, vitamin E, and proteins in duckweed were also evaluated. Under the stress of SMZ, duckweed showed excellent removal efficiency of nutrients, and the results of SOD activity and photosynthetic pigments content indicated that duckweed had good tolerance to SMZ. Interestingly, a combined application of SMZ and cupric ion would inhibit the nutrient removal by duckweed, but significantly increased the contents of photosynthetic pigments, proteins, and vitamin E. In addition, the consequence indicated that high value-added protein and vitamin E products could be produced and harvested by cultivating duckweed in ADSW. Furthermore, possible degradation pathways of SMZ in the duckweed system were proposed based on the analysis with LC-MS/MS. This research proposed a novel view for using duckweed system to remove nutrients from ADSW and produce value-added products under the stress of SMZ and cupric ion.


Assuntos
Araceae , Águas Residuárias , Animais , Araceae/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , Sulfametazina , Suínos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
J Med Entomol ; 59(2): 631-637, 2022 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35043213

RESUMO

High abundance of hematophagous mosquitoes of the genus Mansonia Blanchard, 1901 (Diptera: Culicidae) threatens human and domestic animal health and well-being. Knowledge of the biology of nuisance mosquito species is necessary to understand specific ecological and biological factors to enable rapid and effective monitoring measures for sustainable control programs. The establishment and dispersion of Mansonia species are associated with the occurrence of aquatic macrophytes species, which are indispensable for the development of larvae and pupae. To increase knowledge of the host plants for Mansonia immature stages in Porto Velho, Rondonia State, Brazil, specimens of four plant species, which occur across the tributaries of the Madeira River were sampled and inspected for the presence of egg batches, larvae, and pupae. A total of 1,386 larvae and pupae of Mansonia spp. were collected attached to the roots of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms (Commelinales: Pontederiaceae), Pistia stratiotes L. (Alismatales: Araceae), and Limnobium laevigatum (Humb. and Bonpl. Ex Willd.) Heine (Alismatales: Hydrocharitaceae). The novel association of Mansonia species with L. laevigatum is presented. Egg batches of Mansonia spp. were found only on Salvinia molesta D.S. Mitch. (Salviniales: Salviniaceae). Possible differences in the roles played by E. crassipes and S. molesta in the reproductive cycle of Mansonia spp. in the surveyed area are discussed. All species of host plants including E. crassipes, P. stratiotes, S. molesta, and L. laevigatum should be considered when planning macrophyte management for the control of Mansonia species.


Assuntos
Araceae , Culicidae , Eichhornia , Malvaceae , Animais , Brasil , Larva , Plantas , Pupa
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 819: 153056, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032532

RESUMO

Improving the adsorption capacity of adsorbents is a good way to boost their desulfurization efficiency. Optimizing the dispersion of metal nanoparticles and enhancing the stability of the metal valence state are essential to maximizing the adsorption capacity of the metal-loaded desulfurization adsorbent. Pistia stratiotes can absorb the Cu in water and evenly disperse it throughout the plant, allowing the production of a highly dispersed Cu(I) adsorbent (PSAC-Cu(I)). During the usage and storage of PSAC-Cu(I), Cu(I) oxidizes to Cu(II) when it comes in contact with oxygen and water, reducing its adsorptive capacity; hence, we modified PSAC-Cu(I) hydrophobically using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) to generate PSAC-Cu(I)-P(200). The outcome of the two-month exposure experiments showed that only 4.7% of the Cu(I) of PSAC-Cu(I)-P(200) was oxidized in the humid atmosphere, whereas PSAC-Cu(I) was almost fully oxidized. Moreover, the dibenzothiophene adsorption capacity of PSAC-Cu(I)-P(200) in a model oil with a water concentration of 250 ppmw is 68 mg g-1, which is 1.62 times that of PSAC-Cu(I). When 10 wt% toluene was added to the model oil, the adsorption desulfurization capacity of PSAC-Cu(I)-P(200) decreased to 86.8% of the original. This shows that PSAC-Cu(I)-P(200) has good stability and excellent adsorptive desulfurization performance.


Assuntos
Araceae , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Adsorção , Água
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 819: 153115, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041958

RESUMO

Duckweed is a universal aquatic plant to remove nitrogen source pollutants in the field of phytoremediation. Due to the naturally abundant nitrogen, synthesis of carbon materials from duckweed would be a high-value approach. In oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) of metal-air batteries and fuel cells, non-noble metals and heteroatoms co-doped electrocatalysts with excellent catalytic activity and remarkable stability are promising substitutes for Pt-based catalysts. The first-class ORR performance is determined by appropriate pore structure and active sites, which are strongly associated with the feasible synthesis methods. Herein, a facile one-step synthesis strategy for the transition metals- and nitrogen-codoped carbon (MNxC) based catalysts with hierarchically porous structure was developed. The MNxC (M = Fe, Co, Ni, and Mn) active sites were constructed and FeNxC (D-ZB-Fe) was the best electrocatalyst with excellent ORR performance. Results showed that D-ZB-Fe exhibited an obvious honeycomb porous structure with specific surface area of 1342.91 m2·g-1 and total pore volume of 1.085 cm3·g-1. It also possessed considerable active atoms and sites, where the proportion of pyridine N and graphite N was up to 72.9%. The above feature made for a superior ORR electrocatalytic activity. In specific, the onset and half-wave potential were 0.974 V and 0.857 V vs. RHE (Reversible Hydrogen Electrode), respectively. When compared with performances of commercial Pt/C, the four-electron pathway and relatively low peroxide yield, ca. 5%, were almost equivalent. Furthermore, D-ZB-Fe showed an excellent stability and remarkably methanol tolerance by the durability test. In conclusion, this research provides a new synthesis strategy of electrocatalysts with porous structures and active sites.


Assuntos
Araceae , Nitrogênio , Biodegradação Ambiental , Catálise , Nitrogênio/química , Oxigênio/química
20.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 68, 2022 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35046504

RESUMO

Bacterial communities associated with aquatic macrophytes largely influence host primary production and nutrient cycling in freshwater environments; however, little is known about how specific bacteria migrate to and proliferate at this unique habitat. Here, we separately identified bacterial genes involved in the initial colonization and overall fitness on plant surface, using the genome-wide transposon sequencing (Tn-seq) of Aquitalea magnusonii H3, a plant growth-promoting bacterium of the floating macrophyte, duckweed. Functional annotation of identified genes indicated that initial colonization efficiency might be simply explained by motility and cell surface structure, while overall fitness was associated with diverse metabolic and regulatory functions. Genes involved in lipopolysaccharides and type-IV pili biosynthesis showed different contributions to colonization and fitness, reflecting their metabolic cost and profound roles in host association. These results provide a comprehensive genetic perspective on aquatic-plant-bacterial interactions, and highlight the potential trade-off between bacterial colonization and proliferation abilities on plant surface.


Assuntos
Araceae/microbiologia , Betaproteobacteria/genética , Genes Bacterianos , Aptidão Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla
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